Skip to main content

Full text of "The story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps, 1915-1919"

See other formats








Presented to the 


by the 








Quartermaster, 1st Cape Corps, 1915-1919. 

With an Introduction by 
The Rt. Hon. John X. Merriman, P.C., M.L.A. 






\ ftO 






P.C., M.L.A 




1795 1842). BY MR. W. R. MORRISON ... ... ... 1 


1846 1896). BY MR. W. R. MORRISON ... ... ... 9 


PERKINS ... ... ... ... ... ... 18 


1915, to gth February, 1916) ... ... ... ... 29 

CHAPTER V. IN EAST AFRICA. (Period loth February to i4th 

December, 1916) ... ... ... ... ... ... 45 


1916, to 2ist March, 1917) ... ... ... 79 

1916, to August, 1917) ... ... ... ... ... gg 


FORCE. (Period i7th April to 2 ist June, 1917) ... 101 

CHAPTER IX. THE NAUMANN "STUNT." (Period ioth July to ist 

October, 1917) ... ... ... 10 7 


CHAPTER X. THE ZINGEL "STUNT." (Period 26th July to 2 -th 

September, 1917) ... ... ... ... ... 127 


(Period February to December, 1917) ... ... ... 138 


(Period aoth October to i6th December, 1917) ... ... 143 


December, 1917, to 3rd April, 1918) ... ... ... 167 

CHAPTER XIV. IN EGYPT. (Period igth April to isth July, 1918)... 176 


IN PALESTINE. (Period i6th July to 3ist October, 1918) ... 188 

CHAPTER XVI. IN EGYPT. (Period ist November, 1918, to 5th 

September, 1919) ... ... ... ... ... ... 237 




CHAPTER XX. SPORT AND ATHLETICS ... ... ... ... 309 

THE FUTURE ... ... ... ... ... ... 322 


Explanation of Abbreviations ... ... ... ^4 

Officers, Nominal Roll of... ... ... ... ... ^~ 

Officers, Record of Active Service of ... ... ... -^ 

Other Ranks, Nominal Roll of ... ... ... ... 349 

The. Roll of Honour ... ... ... ... 42^ 

The Honours List ... ... ... ... 4 ,g 

Copies of Letters and Telegrams of Congratulation, etc. ... 441 

Courses passed at Schools of Instruction ... ... 448 


Colonel Sir W. E. M. Stanford, K.B.E., C.B., C.M.G. 
(Honorary Colonel) ... 

Lieut. -Colonel G. A. Morris, C.M.G., D.S.O. (Officer 

The First Officers of the Battalion 

Major C. X. Hoy, D.S.O. and Bar (Second in Command) ... 
Major C. G. Durham, D.S.O. 
The Cape Corps Recruiting Committee 

Sir Harry Hands, K.B.E. (Chairman, Recruiting Committee) 
Some Members of the Recruiting Committee 
Captain \V. G. Cunningham (Adjutant, 1915/1(1) ... 
Group of Instructors and European X.C.O.'s at Simonstown 
Departure for East Africa 
Late 2nd Lieutenant J. C. Hosack 
Major F. E. Bradstock, D.S.O., M.C. 
Late Captain (acting) T. M. Hoffe... 
Late Lieutenant I. A. M. Guest ... 
Late 2nd Lieutenant J. McNeil 
Late Lieutenant C. F. Abbott 
Late Lieutenant W. Power 

Enemy machine gun captured in a bayonet charge, 8th November, 
Captain J. H. Tandy, M.C. (Adjutant, 1917/19) 
Officers at Kimberley, March, 1918 
Aerial photo of Kh. Jibeit 
Late Major W. R. Cowell, D.S.O. 
Late Captain J. V. Harris, M.C. ... 
Late Lieutenant A. N. Difford 
Late Lieutenant Gordon White 
Late Lieutenant G. R. Barnard 
Late and Lieutenant A. E. J. Antill 






1 68 




Late 2nd Lieutenant J. S. Dreyer . 

Late 2nd Lieutenant C. A. Vipan .. 

Field guns captured from the Turks, September 18/20, iqiS 

i doth Brigade Staff 

Officers who joined on Mobilisation still serving at date of Armistice .. 234 

238, 281 
The Concert Party 

The Battalion on Parade in Egypt, June, 1919 

The last Parade, Maitland, 5th September, igiy 

Officers in Egypt, June, 1919 

Warrant Officers in Egypt, June, 1919 

\Varnmt Officers and Sergeants in Egypt, June, 1919 

Major \V. J. R. Cuningham (O.C. Reserve Half Battalion) 

Officers, Reserve Half Battalion, June, 1918 

Return of the Reserve Half Battalion to South Africa, June, n 

Captain V. Burger (O.C. Machine Gun Company.) . 

The Machine Gun Company 

Major \V. P. Anderson ... 

The Flag Presentation, October 12th, 1916 .. 

The Band at Mustapha ... 


British, (part of) and German East Africa (shewing the whole East 

African War Area, 1914-18) 44 

Illustrating Battalion's advance from British East Africa to Moshi ... ^46 

Illustrating Battalion's advance in German East Africa from Kahe to 

Morogoro ... b 4 
Illustrating Rufiji River operations 

Illustrating operations against Ober- Lieutenant Xaumann's Force ... n>8 

The Enemy's position on Luita Berg i Ober- Lieutenant Nanmann) ... 112 

Illustrating operation against Lieutenant Zingel's Force ... ... 128 

Waiijoki position (Lieutenant Zingel) ... ... ... 134 

Illustrating operations in the Lindi Area ... ... ... ... 152 

Palestine ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 192 

Map of the front at El Mugheir (near Jerusalem) ... ... ... 208 

Square Hill (Palestine front) ... ... ... ... ... 224 


Photo by] [The Gilham Studios. Pretoria. 

Honorary Colonel, ist Cape Corps. 


Photo by] [The Middlebrook, Studio, Kimberley. 


Officer Commanding ist Battalion Cape Corps throughout its existence 
(October, 1915 September, 1919). 





By the Rt. Hon. J. X. Merriman, P.C., M.L.A. 

I have been asked by Captain Difford to say a few words by way of 
introduction to the valuable record which he has compiled. I do so with pleasure, 
though, thanks to Mr. W. R. Morrison, Mr. Eames Perkins, and to Captain 
Difford himself, little remains to add to what they have said so ably. Mr. 
Morrison has done well to trace the origin of the idea of the formation of the 
Cape Corps as a successor to the Pandours of the old Dutch days, and to the 
Cape Corps of the old Hottentot days, which was merged after the war of 1851-54 
into the European regiment known as the Cape Mounted Rifles, a smart and 
expensive corps which will not soon be forgotten by those who are old enough 
to remember the Nodes Ambrosia-nee- for which their mess was renowned at 
Grahamstown, Fort Beaufort, and Kingwilliamstown. 

The mutiny of a large part of the old Cape Corps and of the Kafir Police 
in 1851 disinclined the idea of training non-Europeans as regular soldiers, though 
it is only fair to add that in most of our native outbreaks there has never been 
any reluctance to employ natives, possibly on the old maxim Divide et imperg., 
to fight our battles under European leaders. 

Mr. Rhodes, as Mr. Morrison reminds us, went a step further in the same 
direction when he organized a force of what are known as Cape Boys to fight, 
Rhodesian battles in Mashonaland. Excellent service they rendered and a good 
character they earned for courage and discipline on that occasion. Prejudice, 
however, stood in the way of following the example of the French in raising a 
non-European Force either for police or for military service. 

The present volume is a worthy record of another experiment in the same 
direction, and it deserves careful study by all those who are interested in the 
future of South Africa. 

When, after the campaign that ended in the conquest of German South- 
West Africa, General Botha, who had opportunities of seeing the good service 
rendered by our "Cape Boys" in various capacities in the field and their behaviour 
under discipline, determined on raising a contingent under European officers to 
form part of the Force destined to share in the task of the conquest of German 
East Africa, he took a bold, and, as all readers who study Captain Difford "s 
story of their fortunes must agree, a wise step. 

No collection of men ever showed more zeal, devotion to duty, or discipline 
than the Cape Corps. Emphasis of that statement is to be found in every step 
from their training camp at Simonstown, the universal testimony of the different 
captains who commanded the various transports, as to the discipline, the obedience 
and the cleanliness of this hitherto untried material under circumstances that are 
often very trying even to disciplined troops, and to testimony from many other 

On the field of action, at first in the difficult task of transport and on the 
lines of communication, and afterwaids when in the fighting line in the deadly 
Rufiji Valley and the swamps on the coast, and the various engagements with 


the elusive enemy everywhere and on all occasions there was the same 
manifestation of duty, discipline, and character which show the material we 
have here in^South Africa when we learn how to handle it. 

On all occasions the Cape Corps, both officers and men, bore themselves with 
a steadfastness that did them infinite credit. In East Africa it was a case of 
hard solid endurance in the very depth of misery and squalor, without any of the 
" pomp and circumstance of glorious war." Far different was the scene in 
Egypt and Palestine, where the Cape Corps had an opportunity of perfecting 
itself in discipline and in all the modern arts of war, and of testing its fighting 
mettle alongside the men of many countries. 

Captain Difford gives a straightforward picture of the finish of the campaign, 
and of the sacrifice in life that the final effort cost. Those who follow his 
narrative will have no reason to feel ashamed of the part played by the coloured 
contingent sent from South Africa or the record they brought back from the 
Holy Land. 

We can only trust that the lessons they learned, and the example they set of 
discipline, endurance, and sacrifice to duty may be of inestimable service to all 
races in dealing with the many problems that lie before us in South Africa. 

By all who take an interest in those problems a great debt of gratitude is 
due to Captain Difford for the pains that he has taken in the compilation of this 



THE purport and object of this story is to place on record the good service 
rendered by Officers and men, but particularly the men, of the ist Battalion 
Cape Corps for King and Empire, and especially for South Africa, during 
the great World War. 

The reasons for this Story must be obvious. Every Regiment worthy of 
the name and with a record worthy of perpetuation aspires to its written story 
or history, and those who read this book will surely agree that the ist Cape 
Corps is worthy. 

There is, however, a more important reason. The formation of the 
ist Cape Corps in 1915 was an experiment. True as will be seen 
from the very interesting Chapters i and 2 which Mr. W. R. Morrison of 
the Editorial Staff of the Cape Times has so kindly written Cape Coloured 
men have done excellent service for over a century in South Africa's 
many wars and minor campaigns. But the latter were very small fry in 
comparison to the recent great world upheaval. There were many in South 
Africa who were opposed to the enrolment of Cape Coloured men in the armed 
Forces of the Empire : some on principle, others who doubted the ability of the 
men to make good under the tremendously exacting conditions of modern 
warfare, and others again and there were many of these latter by reason of 
blind and most unreasoned prejudice. 

It is but natural, therefore, now that happily the War is over and the 
Cape Coloured man has proved himself worthy and capable up to the full 
expectation of his friends if indeed not beyond that that the story of his 
service should be told. The Cape Coloured Community and their many friends 
have the right to expect that much. 

. The Coloured Community of South Africa is a considerable percentage of the 
population. A very large majority have been useful law abiding and loyal 
citizens, and when the Great War broke out and surprised an astonished world 
they at once came forward with urgent requests that their loyalty might be 
proved and translated into action. A large number of Cape Coloured men 
participated in the German South-West African Campaign as Artillery and 
Transport drivers, motor drivers and mechanics, as Officers' servants, and in 
various other non-combatant capacities, and performed much useful work. But 
it was not until September, 1915, that official sanction for the enrolment and 
mobilisation of the Cape Coloured man into a separate Infantry Battalion to 
be known as the Cape Corps for oversea war service, vastly delighted the whole 
Coloured Community of South Africa and their friends. The result of that 
service is related to the best of the ability of the writer in this Story. It will 
be for the reader to judge whether the service rendered was worthy or otherwise. 

The writer had the privilege and the good luck to serve with the ist Cape 
Corps throughout its career in fact had a longer period of service with the 
Battalion than any other officer or man from its inception in October, 1915, 
until practically the last man had been demobilised towards the end of last year. 


When, therefore, the suggestion was made that lie should write the history 
of the Battalion the task was accepted as an obvious duty, not only with pleasure 
but also with alacrity. There will not doubt be many short comings in this 
book. Of that the writer is fully conscious. To those who have been on active 
service the reasons obvious and should need no apology. To those who 
have not it may be pointed out that active service conditions do not afford 
much opportunity for journalistic or literary excursions. Little time is available 
for the keeping of diaries or memoranda or taking notes. The writer had no 
intention of penning this story until several months after the Armistice, and did 
not therefore keep a diary or take notes. Access has, of course, been had 
to the official records and to the Battalion's War Diary, but those documents 
by no means supplied all the necessary facts or information. The Diaries and 
occasional notes of several Officers and N.C.O.'s of the Battalion have been of 
much assistance, and for the rest he has had to rely on the memory of brother 
officers and on his own. 

The net result is a story which it is believed supplies a substantially 
accurate record of the doings of the ist Cape Corps, during a period 
of four eventful and most interesting years a story which it is hoped 
will be read with some interest by the friends and relatives of ex-members of 
the Corps and by the Coloured Community of South Africa generally, and 
perhaps by not a few of their fellow South Africans of European descent as 
well as by some of the many officers and men of other forces, formations, corps, 
etc., with whom the Battalion came into contact at various times in East Africa, 
Egypt, and Palestine. 

The Rt. Hon. John X. Merriman, P.C., M.L.A., has very kindly written 
an introduction to this story. That introduction cannot fail to be read by all who 
peruse these pages with very great interest, and the sound advice he offers with 
regard to the future must surely be earnestly borne in mind by all responsible 
men in South Africa. 

It seems quite unnecessary to add that Mr. Merriman's splendid tribute to 
the work done by the ist Cape Corps will be vastly appreciated by all ranks of 
the Battalion. Every officer and man, one may certainly assure Mr. Merriman, 
will in consequence bear himself with greater pride and endeavour in the future 
to prove himself worthy of such high praise. 

In addition to tendering his thanks to Messrs. W. R. Morrison and A. 
Eames Perkins of Cape Town, for the very interesting chapters which they have 
so kindly contributed to this book, the writer desires also to gratefully acknow- 
ledge the valuable assistance he has received from a large number of Officers 
and N.C.O.'s of the Battalion, and particularly from the following, viz. : 
Lieut. -Colonels Morris and Hoy ; Major Cuningham ; Captains Jarcline, Tandy, 
and Earp Jones; Lieutenants R. Feetham, M.L.A., and S. V. Samuelson ; 
R.Q.M.S. Betts ; C.Q.M.S. de Vartek ; Sergeants Alies, La Vita, Berry, 
Arendse ; and Corporal J. Armstrong. 

The Officer i/c Records, Imperial Service Contingents, at Pretoria (Lieut. - 
Colonel F. G. Harvey) and the Cape Corps Paymaster (Captain W. H. Smith) 
have greatly assisted by very kindly supplying much valuable information from 
their records, and, last but not least, Mr. Alfred J. Parsons, C.E., of Cape 
Town, has been at great pains to draw several maps and illustrations which 
surely cannot fail to prove interesting beyond the ordinary. 

It may be as well to point out that this Story has been written primarily 
for the ex-members of the Unit and their friends and relations. 

It therefore necessarily includes much detail and record which can interest 
only those readers, and which the casual reader will no doubt pass by. 


1915 to 1919. 

September aoth. 
October 21 St. 

October 25th. 

November & December. 
December 6th. 

December I2th. 


February gth. 

February I7th. 

February i8th . 
February 23rd. 

March and. 
March 7th. 
March igth. 
March to June. 

June ist to isth. 

June 23rd. 
June 25th. 

July loth to August 3rd. 
July ayth. 

August i st. 

Decision to raise the Cape Corps arrived at. 

Recruiting for the Cape Corps authorised by the 
Director of War Recruiting, Pretoria, and commenced. 

Recruiting Campaign opened at the City Hall, Cape 

Captains Cunningham and Difford ; Lieutenants 
Anderson, Dennison, and Lever opened the Mobilisa- 
tion Depot at Noah's Ark Camp, Simonstown. 
First batch of recruits (from Carnarvon) arrived at 
the Depot at Simonstown. 
Large numbers of recruits report at the Depot. 

Total of men attested and in Depot at Simonstown. 
exceeds One Thousand. 

Recruiting ceases owing to required complement 
having been obtained. 

Battalion takes the field for three days' field training 
on Red Hill, Simonstown. 

Battalion embarks at Cape Town Docks on H.M.T. 
" Armadale Castle " for East Africa. 
Strength : 32 Officers, 1,022 other ranks. 

Battalion arrives at Kilindini Harbour (Mombasa), 
British F.ast Africa, and entrains for Kajiado. 

Arrival at Kajiado. 

Departure from Kajiado for Longido West (on German 
East African Border). 

Arrival at Longido West. 

In action for first time at Ngare Nanjuki Swamp. 

Arrival at Moshi. 

On Lines of Communication duty at Moshi, Taveta, 
Unterer Hinio, Aruscha Road, etc. 

Battalion concentrates at Tsame, South of the Pare 
Mountains, and becomes Divisional Troops (ist East 
African Division) under Major-General A. R. Hoskins. 

Battalion Headquarters now at German Bridge. 

Battalion leaves German Bridge by detachments to 
participate in the advance south to the Central 
Railway at Morogoro. 

Battalion Headquarters at Kangata. 

Major Hoy leaves Kaugata with one Company on 
patrol duty to Manga. 

Regimental Depot in South Africa transferred from 
Simonstown to Woltemade III. 


August i4th. 
September 2nd. 
December i2th to I4th. 

December 25th. 

January 2nd. 

January 3rd. 
January 2oth. 

February 2bth. 
March 2nd. 

March i2tli. 
March 2ist. 
April i7th. 

June 2 1 st. 
July loth. 

July a6th. 

September 2nd. 
October i st. 
October 2nd. 
October 4th. 

October qth. 
October i;th to igth. 
October Kith and 2oth. 
October 2ist. 
October 26th. 

November 5th. 

Manga patrol rejoins. 
Arrival at Morogoro. 

Battalion leaves Morogoro 
Rufiji River Campaign. 

At Dutumi. 

with Force Reserve for 

Forced march of flying column (Half Battalion) under 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris, to the Rufiji River (31 miles). 

Flying Column crosses Rufiji River at Kipenio. 

Kibongo fight. 

Battalion's first big scrap. Signal victory, but many 


Major Durham with "A" Company attacks and 

captures Xyakisiki. 

Enemy attack on Xyakisiki driven off. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris's column in action at Tindwas 
and on Matarula Road. Enemy driven off. 

Remnants of the Battalion leave Rufiji River area. 
Arrival at Morogoro. 

Major Hoy leaves Morogoro with four hundred men 

for Kiromo area operations. 

Major Hoy's Detachment reaches Morogoro from 


Lieut. -Colonel Morris leaves Morogoro with half the 

Battalion for Aruscha via Dar-es-Salaam, Kilindini 

and Moshi, to go in pursuit of Enemy Force under 

Ober-Lieutenant Xavnnann. 

Major Hoy with four hundred men leaves Morogoro 

for Dodonia, to go in pursuit of Enemy detachment 

under Lieutenant Zingel. 

Lieutenant Zingel unconditionally surrenders his 

Force to Major Hoy at Tschogowali. 

Naumann capitulates to Lieut. -Colonel Morris at Luita 


Naumann 's Force lay down their arms uncon- 

Battalion concentrates at Dodonia after Naumann 
and Zingel stunts. 

Battalion returns from Dodoma to Morogoro. 

Battalion leaves Morogoro for Campaign in Lindi area. 

Embarkation at Dar-es-Salaam for Lindi. 

Arrival at Lindi. 

Battalion marches from Lindi to join Column Three 

at Xjangao. 

Column Three advances against the Enemy from 



November 6th. 

November 7th and 8th. 
November 8th. 

November oth to igth. 
November i8th. 

November igth. 

November 22nd. 
November 24th. 
November 2bth. 
November 28th. 
December 7th. 

December . 
December I5th. 

December i6th. 
December i/th. 
December 2Oth. 

December 25th. 

December 25th 

to January qth, 1918. 

January and February. 

February and March. 

March 3ist. 

April 3rd. 

April igth. 

April 20th. 

April 2oth to May aist. 

May 2ist and 22nd. 

May 22nd to July 

July 1 5th to i6th. 

July 22nd. 

September i8th. 

Column Three engages Enemy at Mkungu. 

Cape Corps heavily engaged and suffers many 


Engagement at Mkungu continues. 

Enemy forced to retire. 

Cape Corps get in with the bayonet and capture 

Machine Gun. 

Enemy continue to retire, fighting strong rearguard 

actions daily. 

Large Enemy Hospital surrenders to Cape Corps at 


On this day we tired our last shot in East Africa. 

Thirty Europeans and Seventy-eight Enemy Askari 
surrender to Cape Corps at Kitangari. 

At Mwiti Mission. 
Arrival at Massassi. 
At Nairombo. 
Return to Massassi. 

Battalion marches from Massassi en route to Lindi, 
Dar-es-Salaam and South Africa. 

Arrival at Lindi. 

Regimental Depot in South Africa transferred from 
YVoltemude III., to Kimherley. 

Battalion leaves Lindi. 
Arrival at Dar-es-Salaam. 

Departure from Dar-es-Salaam per H.M.T. "Caronia" 
for Durban. 

Arrival at Diybnn. 

( Ifficers and men ex East Africa in Convalescent 
Camps, at Jacobs Camp (Durban), Potchefstroom, and 
Kimberley. , 

Officers and men, ex East Africa, on recuperative 

leave in the Union. 

Battalion concentrates again at Kimberley. 

Battalion leaves Kimberley. 

Arrival at Durban and departure for Egypt. 

Arrival at Sue/.. 

Arrival at Kantara. 

At Kantara. 

Move to El Arish (Sinai Peninsula). 

In training at El Arish. 

Departure from El Arish for Palestine Front. 

Battalion joins i6oth Brigade (53rd Division, XX. 

Corps) a*- Rham Alia. 

deneral Allenby's great Palestine Push begins. 


September i8th 
(Evening) . 

September iQth. 
September aoth. 

September 26th. 
October nth to soth. 
October 3Oth. 
November ist. 

November ist to 
March i2th, 1919. 

March I2th to May 3ist. 

May iSth. 
June gth. 

July 1 5th. 

July 1 6th to August 6th. 

August 6th. 

August 2gth. 

September 4th and 5th. 

September 5th to Sth. 

Cape Corps capture Dhib Hill. 

Cape Corps capture Square Hill. 

Battalion heavily engaged at Kh Jibeit and receives 
temporary set back and heavy casualties. On this, 
day, we fired our last shot in Palestine. 

Battalion leaves Palestine Front. 

Battalion at Ramleh. 

Battalion leaves Palestine for Egypt. 

Arrival at Alexandria. 

Battalion at Alexandria. 

Battalion and Reserve Half Battalion assist in quelling 
Egyptian Rebellion. 

The Reserve Half Battalion leaves Suez for South 

Reserve Half Battalion reaches Durban and is de- 
mobilised there during the succeeding fortnight. 

Battalion leaves Alexandria for Sue/. 
At Sue/.. 

Battalion leaves Sue/, for South Africa. 
Arrival at Durban. 

Arrival at Cape Town, reception at City Hall by His 
Excellency the Governor-General (Viscount Buxton), 
The Prime Minister (General Smuts), the Adminis- 
trator Cape Province (Sir Frederic de Waal), and The 
Mayor (Mr. \V. J. Thome). 

Battalion is demobilised at Dispersal Camp, Maitland, 
near Cape Town. 


(Period 1795-1842). By W. R. Morrison. 

OPERATIONS, 1820-1834. MACOMO CAMPAIGN, 1834-5. NATAL, 1842. 

FOR considerably over a century the coloured manhood of South Africa has 
rendered military service in the defence of the country. From 1795 to the 
present day, in the innumerable native wars and disturbances, coloured 
men have borne their share. In the more recent campaigns, subsequent to 1854, 
their service, whilst not combatant, has been of great value and in the transport 
organisation they have proved a valuable auxiliary, but it was not until the great 
world war, now happily at an end, that they had the opportunity of showing 
their value as fighting material on a similar footing to their European brethren 
in arms, and the services they have rendered in that great conflict have been of 
the greatest value and won the highest encomiums of their commanding generals 
and officers. The story of their doings, however, in that connection will be 
fully set forth in succeeding chapters. My task is to place on record the story 
of their contribution to the defence of .South Africa from the earliest period. 
Existing records, in this connection, are scant and generally inaccessible, yet 
sufficient exist to provide an exceedingly interesting chapter in colonial history 
and one entirely creditable to the coloured community. 

The only satisfactory method of dealing with this record, in order that a 
just measure of appreciation may be arrived at, is to arrange the various military 
services in chronological order and in this sequence it will be seen that, in the 
earlier period, but very few years passed without a coloured corps being engaged 
in one or other of the warlike operations against the natives which were such a 
feature in the history of the Cape in the early and mid-nineteenth century. 

Throughout the whole story of the coloured men and their military service 
there appears to be considerable confusion as to the exact constitution of the 
various corps. The very earliest references undoubtedly deal with Hottentots 
only, and it is probable that in the Pandours Corps there were very few other 
than Hottentots. From 1800 onward coloured men of mixed descent were 
undoubtedly recruited and by 1817 it is reasonably certain that the bulk of the 
men in the regiment were of mixed descent. 

The late Mr. Theal implies that the regiment was always purely Hottentot 
and that the recruiting of coloured men could not have taken place until about 
1837 or thereabouts. This assumption is at variance with known facts and the 
idea that there were very few Cape coloured men before 1819 appears to be based 


on wrong premises. The difficulty, however, has been to find out when the 
coloured element in a regiment was dominated by the European and when it 
disappeared. Careful study of the available records and authorities goes to show 
that up to 1854 the C.M.R. was still a partly coloured regiment, but after that 
date it became purely European. It also appears that between 1817 and 1854 
there was a gradual, and in the early years a very gradual, enlistment of 
Europeans. Thus from 1817 to 1830 the Cape Corps or C.M.R. may be said to 
have been a coloured corps. From 1830 to 1840 the greater portion of the 
regiment was coloured, and from 1840 to 1854 there was a percentage of coloured 
soldiers in the regiment. 

In the various accounts of skirmishes I have been careful to record only 
those where the participants were known to be coloured, and in alluding to the 
various names of the regiment, which are apt to be misleading, I have inserted 
(Cape Corps) in order to leave no doubt in the matter. 

Among the names which occur in the lists of officers of the regiment from 
the earliest times are many which are marked upon colonial history, whilst an 
interesting feature is the predominantly Scottish element. In 1805-6 the name 
of H. Lichtenstein, the celebrated explorer, occurs as surgeon, and also in the 
same period Baron von Boncheuroder. Then under the British command appear 
the well-known names of Lieut. -Colonel John Graham, Major Cuyler, C. L. 
Napier, J. Sutherland, the Rev. A. A. van der Lingen (chaplain), W. W. 
Harding, A. Stockenstroom, J. van Rynevekl, Colonel H. Somerset, H. D. 
Warden, Bisset, and J. Buchanan, whilst the names of officers commemorated 
to-day as place names are A. B. Armstrong and \V. Cox (Forts Armstrong and 

From 1854 coloured men took part in various native wars, but not, so far as 
can be ascertained, excepting in the case of the Matabele campaign of 1896, as a 
recognised corps, consequently the regimental history may be said to have 
terminated in the year mentioned, though, as has been pointed out, they took 
part in many of the later campaigns in non-combatant capacities. 

To this day the name of the Cape Corps is perpetuated in various towns 
such as Grahamstown, Kingwilliamstown, Pietermaritzburg, etc.,, where the 
words Cape Corps Barracks or Cape Corps Lines commemorate the share the 
coloured men took in the earlier campaigns. 

The first official cognisance of the use of coloured men, either Hottentots or 
1795 of mixed descent, in a military capacity would appear to have been in 1795 
when Commissioner Sluyskens embodied a corps of " Pandours " and used them 
in his operations against the British. The corps was one hundred and thirty- 
eight strong at this period. On August /th, 1795, the English drove away a 
small detachment stationed at Kalk Bay. A couple of ships were anchored to 
command the Muixenberg encampment, and an attack, covered by the fire from 
the ships, ended in the flight of the garrison under Colonel de Lille, the English 
pursuing them until repulsed by a party of Pandours under Captain Cloete, 
some loss being sustained on both sides. It would appear that the Pandours 
were particularly active at this time and parties of them constantly annoyed the 
English outposts. 

On September ist a number of the Pandours complained bitterly of the 
ill-treatment their wives and children received from the burghers, whilst they 
themselves were risking their lives in the field. Sluyskens conciliated them by 
increasing their pay to two shillings a month. As a last resource the harassed 
Commissary endeavoured to raise a strong force of Pandours, but before this 
eventuated the capitulation occurred. 

At this period the uniform consisted of a short scarlet jacket with yellow 
collars and cuffs and trimmed with a kind of white lace, blue cloth trousers with 
a black and red stripe and a round felt hat. 


After the capitulation efforts were successfully made to induce the coloured 
levies to enter the British service, for in April, 1796, it is recorded that a number 
of coloured men presented themselves at the quarters of the Light Infantry 
Brigade under Major King at Stellenbosch. At first these men were employed 
as cooks, but their number increased and they were embodied into a corps under 
Lieutenant John Campbell of the g8th Foot with a sergeant of the same regiment. 
Additional officers and N.C.O.'s were attached and the corps was stationed at 
Hout Bay. The men were enlisted for one year and provided with arms, 
clothing and rations and the munificent sum of sixpence a week in money. 
Their service was for the interior of the Colony, and the primary object of their 
enlistment would appear to have been in connection with the refusal of the 
burghers at Graaff-Reinet to take the oath of allegiance to King- George III. 

They are next referred to in March 1799, when a detachment was sent to 1799 
Graaff-Reinet to suppress the rebellion there. They were under the command 
of Brigadier-General Vandeleur, who took a strong detachment of dragoons and 
a party of the coloured Pandours overland from Cape Town. Parties also left 
on board the " Star " and the " Hope " and landed at Algoa Bay. When the 
news of their arrival spread a large number of Hottentot apprentices came to the 
conclusion that the strife was between their own people and the Dutch and 
deserted from their former masters and repaired to the British camp. About 
one hundred of these men were enlisted in the regiment, which so discouraged 
the farmers that they abandoned their ideas of resistance and surrendered. 

In 1799 the Cape Corps, under General Vandeleur, took part in the opera- 
tions against the Kaffir chiefs N'dhlambi and the rebellious Hottentots. 

In 1800 the men were formed into a regiment under the command of isoo 
Lieut. -Colonel King, with Major D. Campbell as second in command. Their 
headquarters were at Groenekloof, near Cape Town, detachments being stationed 
at Graaff-Reinet and Port Elizabeth. 

From 1801 to 1803 the regiment, with the exception of the mounted men, 1801 
was employed on the frontier, and on the handing over of the Colony to the 
Batavian Republic in 1803 the men were taken into the Dutch service. The 1803 
regiment was quartered at the Government farm Rietvlei on the Cape Flats, 
and when handed over consisted of two hundred and fifty privates, thirty 
corporals, and seventeen drummers, in receipt of rations and very small pay. 

From 1803 to 1804 the records are silent in regard to the regiment, but in 1804 
February, 1804, the last European regiment at the Cape was sent to Batavia, 
where troops were urgently required 4 and to make up the deficiency General 
Janssens increased the Pandours first to five hundred and then to six hundred 
men. The uniform at this period was blue with scarlet facings. 

The troops opposed to Sir David Baird, whose force arrived on January 3rd, 
1806, consisted of the 22nd Battalion Infantry of the Line, ^th of Waldeck, 
ist Hottentot Light Infantry, qth Jagers, 5th Artillery, one squadron of Light 
Dragoons, a small body of Horse Artillery, the field train, Malay artillery and 
the Burgher Militia, in all between two and three thousand men. The 
" Hottentot Infantry rendered good service on this occasion and one of the 
subsequent articles of capitulation set forth that the battalion of Hottentot 
Infantry should march to Simonstown with the B*atavian troops and should be 
allowed either to return to their homes or engage in *ihe British service. There 
were, three hundred and forty-three men in the regiment and, as the British 
forces were inadequate, Sir David Baird directed Major Graham to take as many 
into the British service as could be persuaded to enlist. The majority, like 
" Barkis," proved willing, and the following proclamation was issued : 

"January I3th, 1806. Whereas I find it expedient for His Majesty's 
service that a corps of Hottentot infantry be raised as soon as possible, I do, 
therefore, notify all magistrates and other inhabitants to direct and encourage 


all Hottentots immediately to report to the Castle, where Major Graham will be 
ready to receive and to form them into a corps, which will be paid and subsisted 
on the same footing as His Majesty's other troops of infantry." 

The regiment formed was five hundred strong under Lieut. -Colonel Graham, 
with headquarters at Wynberg, a detachment of fifty being sent to Fort Frederick 
(Algoa Bay). The regiment was named the Cape Regiment (Cape Corps) and 
may be looked upon as marking the inception of the C.M.R., although in its 
full European signification the C.M.R. may be said to have commenced as such 
after the disbandment of the F.A.M.P. in 1879. The full muster was given as 
five hundred rank and file to be subsequently increased to eight hundred, with 
one company stationed at GraafT-Reinet and another on the frontier. 

\Yith a view to removing any possible cause for attachment to the Batavian 
cause the Republican colours of the uniform red and blue were discarded and 
Sir David Baird caused the uniform to be altered to green with black facings and 
round felt hat with green tuft. 

From this date more information is available and the records of the regiment 
become fuller. 

1807 During these years the regiment traversed the greater part of the Colony, 

collecting various bodies of Kaffirs and removing them beyond the boundary of 
the Great Fish River. 

1810 In this year five companies were employed on this duty on the frontier 

under Major Lyster, who at that time commanded the regiment, Colonel Graham 
being in command of the whole force on the frontier. 

The first Kaffir war of any consequence in the history of South Africa 
broke out in this year. The campaign consisted of the operations in the Zuurveld 
under Colonel Graham against the chiefs Ndhlambe, Cungwa, and others who 
insisted on remaining within the Colonial borders and would not desist from 
plundering the colonists. The British force was in three divisions, the right 
under Landdrost Stockenstroom, the left under Landdrost Cuyler, and the centre 
under Captain Fraser. A detachment of the Cape Corps tinder Major Prentice 
crossed the Sundays River on Christmas Day and encamped at Commando Kraal, 
whence parties were sent to mark the roads through the Addo Bush. That 
\\ork completed, the bush was scoured, and while SOUK- burghers and a party of 
the Cape Corps were moving to the top of the Addo Pass a number of Kaffirs 
jumped up and threw their assegais, killing Fieldcornet Greyling and wounding 
two others The Cape Corps thereupon entered the bush and a sharp skirmish 
ensued which ended in the Kaffirs retreating. 

In these operations, after Landdrost Stockenstroom had been treacherously 
murdered by the Kaffirs whilst he was parleying with them, Major Fraser with 
a detachment of the Cape Corps marched to the scene of the murder. On the 
road the party was ambushed but escaped the snare and attacked the natives, 
killing fifteen of them. The detachment succeeded in recovering the bodies of 
Mr. Stockenstroom and his comrades. 

In consequence of the threatening attitude of the Kaffirs, headquarters were 
established at Grahamstown, the Cape Corps being located on the site of Fort 
Kngland (Lucas Meyer's old farm), and the regiment was distributed in small 
parties along the frontier. In all twenty-two posts were established, some of 
which were afterwards occupied by British soldiers, the men of the Cape Corps 
being found more fitted for patrol and scouting duties. 

An interesting sidelight on the Cape Corps at this period is afforded in 
" The Journal of a Resident in India," by Maria Graham, published in 1813. 
in the course of which she says : " They are orderly and well behaved as 
soldiers. They are remarkably honest and their Colonel told me that in the five 
years he had been with them he never saw one of them take deliberate revenge. 
Their dispositions are extremely cheerful and at the same time they have a 


surprising degree of naivete. A sergeant and his party being appointed to guard 
some French prisoners on their march from Simonstown to Cape Town had to 
cross a rivulet swollen so as to be high. The sergeant made some of his men 
stand on one side and some on the other and ordered them to fire on the first 
Frenchman who should stoop in the water, saying that they were sailors and 
lived as well below the water as on land and if they once got into their own 
element they would never see them again. . . . The Colonel's cottage is close 
to the parade on the edge of the hill of Wyneberg. The men are extremely fond 
of him and call him father." 

Sir John Cradock increased the corps to eight hundred in order to relieve isi4 
the burghers who were garrisoning the frontier, but this action resulted in the 
withdrawal of some of the European troops. There was at that time considerable 
opposition to the regiment being maintained, and the Imperial Government was 
urged to disband them and replace them with a battalion of Europeans. The 
Imperial authorities consented to this, but, owing to the inconvenience attending 
the step, the disbandment was postponed. During this and the succeeding year 
the regiment was continuously engaged on the frontier under Major Fraser. 

During this year occurred what is known as the Slachter's Nek rebellion. 1815 
Frederick Bezuidenhout has refused to appear before the landdrost on a charge 
of ill-treating a Hottentot, and threatened to shoot the messenger if he approached 
near his premises. A warrant was issued, and the messenger was authorised to 
call in the nearest military force. The messenger applied to Lieutenant Rosseau 
(Boschbergpost, now the village of Somerset), who, with twenty men of the 
Cape Corps, entered the Baviaan's River Poort towards the residence of 
Bezuidenhout. The whole story of this determined but misguided man is too 
well known to need repetition and too little understood, or perhaps rather too 
wilfully misunderstood, to necessitate its telling again. Suffice it to say that 
Bezuidenhout, after a desperate defence, was shot. Eventually certain of the 
farmers of the Somerset and Tarka districts rose in arms and Major Fraser 
proceeded to the scene of action. Colonel Cuyler, who was then commandant 
of the frontier, arrived shortly afterwards and surprised the rebel farmers who 
were busily engaged in discussing their plans. 

After the death of Bezuidenhout his brother, relatives and neighbours 
assembled at the funeral and engaged to avenge the deed. They entered into 
negotiations with the Kaffir chief Ngqika with the avowed object of expelling 
the British troops from the frontier. Fortunately their plans miscarried, and 
the British received timely intimation of all that was transpiring. 

After many unsuccessful attempts to dissuade the rebels from their course of 
action, various military operations were undertaken. A portion of the rebels 
surrendered, but Bezuidenhout and his followers retired from the fastnesses of 
the Baviaan's River to the Winterberg, immediately bordering on Kaffirlancl. 
Here Major Fraser with a detachment of the Cape Corps surrounded them in a 
deep kloof where they were come upon while outspanned. Rejecting all offers 
of surrender, Bezuidenhout and the others took up a position behind their wagons 
and maintained a regular skirmish, killing one of the Cape Corps and wounding 
another. It was not until Bezuidenhout was shot and Faber wounded that the 
whole party was made prisoners. The sad but necessary ending to the tragedy 
has nothing to do with the purposes of this narrative and is also sufficiently well 
known for no useful purpose to be served by reiteration. 

A detachment was, during the year, separated from the regiment and 
attached to the Royal Artillery as drivers. 

In October, 1815, two hundred men of the regiment were marched to 
Kaffirland under Captain Boyle to recover stolen property from the Kaffirs. 

In March of this year the establishment was ten companies, each of three 1816 
sergeants, two corporals and fifty soldiers. 


1817 Throughout this year the regiment was employed in patrolling the Fish 
River Bush and repelling incursions of the Kaffirs. 

In April three hundred men under Major Fraser accompanied Lord Charles 
Somerset on his visit to Gaika, and the friendly relations then established led 
to the strength of the regiment being reduced, and subsequently in September 
of the same year the regiment was disbanded and a new regiment was raised 
called the Cape Corps, consisting of ninety-eight cavalry and one hundred and 
sixty-nine infantry, commanded by Major George Sackville Fraser with five 
other commissioned officers. The new corps was much less expensive to maintain 
than its predecessor and apparently consisted of a few Europeans, coloured men 
and Hottentots. 

In October three signallers of the regiment, returning from the Kowie, 
were waylaid and murdered by Kaffirs. 

1818 O n January 8th Major Fraser entered Kaffirland with an armed force ot 
sixty men of the Cape Corps and recaptured stolen cattle from T'slambie's tribe. 

1819 Next occurred the Makana war. Makana, called by the colonists Linksh 
and by the Kaffirs Nxeli (left-handed) , was one of those extraordinary characters 
who appear occasionally, possessed of great strength of mind. He aimed at 
moulding a nation into form. He was a hero among the natives and his memory 
is revered by them to-day. Makana speedily found himself at the head of a 
force of nine thousand men. 

On the morning of April 2 2nd Captain Wiltshire was inspecting a detach- 
ment of the Cape Corps when he was apprised of the approach of Makana's 
force. The Colonel, with an escort of the men, galloped off to observe Makana's 
movements. He came unexpectedly upon the enemy and only the fleetness of 
his horse saved him. Preparations had been made to receive the Kaffirs, and in 
the engagement which ensued, at a critical moment Captain Boezae of the 
Hottentot levies with one hundred and thirty of his men, rushed forward to meet 
the enemy along the river bank from the old Cape Corps barracks. The onset 
was checked. The guns opened a destructive fire of grape, and wild panic 
ensued. The fleeing enemy were pursued by Cape Corps cavalry for a short 

With the surrender of Makana the war ended. In this action, which 
saved Grahamstown, the whole of Makana's force of nine thousand was met by 
three hundred and fifty European troops and a small detachment of the mounted 
men of the Cape Corps under Sergeant-Major Blakeway. The casualties inflicted 
on the enemy were over two thousand killed. The conduct of the Cape Corps 
on this occasion called forth the approbation of Lieut. -Colonel Wiltshire. 

In May two troops of cavalry and four companies of infantry of the Cape 
Corps advanced into Kaffirland and remained there till September, when the 
Kaffirs were completely subdued. 

In October the regiment was increased to twenty-three officers and four 
hundred and fifty N.C.O.'s and men. Not quite one-third were cavalry, but 
horses were provided for the majority of the others, so that they could serve as 
mounted infantry, an exceedingly early reference, it may be noted, to the use 
of mounted infantry. From the Genadendal records it appears that on July gth 
Captain Rawstone wrote, in reference to fifty men recruited from that place : 
" that the men were obedient and behaved so well that their conduct was placed 
as an example before the regiment." 

1823 Two troops were added to the regiment for defence on the frontiers. The 

regiment consisted of two hundred and sixty cavalry and two hundred and fifty 
infantry under the command of Colonel G. S. Fraser. 


In October Major Henry Somerset succeeded to the command. The 
regiment assisted in reprisals for thefts of cattle by the Kaffirs. The force 
engaged in these operations, which were highly successful, consisted of the 
cavalry of the regiment and two hundred burghers. The result of these operations 
caused a cessation of the thefts for a considerable period. 

The regiment was constantly engaged on the frontier in repelling raids by 1824 
Kaffirs, and besides numerous successful encounters to their credit, succeeded 
in recapturing six thousand head of cattle. 

In December, as a measure of retrenchment, the infantry of the regiment 182 7 
was disbanded by order of the Secretary of State, and the cavalry, two hundred 
and fifty strong, was thereafter called the C.M.R., although the terms Cape 
Corps, Cape Mounted Regiment, and Cape Mounted Rifle Regiment were all 
used simultaneously. The regiment was formed into three companies of mounted 
riflemen under a major with headquarters at Fort Beaufort. 

The Ordinance 50 of 1828 : "For improving the condition of the Hottentots 1828 
and other persons of colour," was promulgated in this year. Professor Cory 
says in this regard : ' The Cape Corps should have been an object lesson to 
those who moved in the matter of the removal of all restraint from these people 
and abandoning them to their worst enemies themselves. The Hottentots who 
composed the regiment and were under the necessary military discipline, proved 
themselves useful and exemplary members of the community. " 

During a long and eventful period the3 T had shown they were not incapable 
of endurance and fatigue. That the restrictions to which they had to submit 
had had a salutary effect on them, and being withal excellent shots and possessing 
more than ordinary courage, they had been of immense service in the bush 
warfare peculiar to this country. The Cape Corps probably did more for the 
Hottentots than all the proclamations and ordinances. 

From 1828-1834 the regiment was continuously employed on the frontier 1834 
and in Kaffirland, under Colonel H. Somerset, repelling attacks, recapturing 
cattle and patrolling the frontier. 

Space forbids any account of the causes which led to the Kaffir war of 
1834-5 (the Macomo campaign). During its progress many incidents are recorded 1835 
entirely creditable to the Cape Corps. Thus, in December, 1834, a sergeant and 
six men had been detached from a party under Lieutenant Sutton, to capture 
cattle from the natives to be held as ransom for stolen horses. The sergeant 
captured his cattle. Meanwhile Lieutenant Button's party was hotly engaged. 
The . sergeant's men rejoined the party with difficulty and the small force 
endeavoured to make good their retreat to Fort Beaufort in face of overwhelming 
numbers. At the very crisis of their fate, when they were on the point of being 
overpowered by numbers, a rescue party from the fort put a different complexion 
on matters and the Kaffirs were driven off. 

At headquarters, Colonel Somerset, with a detachment of the Cape Corps, 
routed a considerable force of the enemy near Roode Draai, killing sixteen. 

On January loth, 1835, it was decided to create a diversion by entering 
Kaffirland. A force consisting of seventy-six English, ninety burghers, and forty 
of the Cape Corps under Major Cox, 75th Regiment, was despatched with this 
object. In an engagement some thirty Kaffirs were killed and much cattle was 
recaptured. On their return the force entirely destroyed the great kraal of Tyali 
near Block Drift on the Chumie River, and arrived at the New Post, where they 
joined one hundred and forty men of the Cape Corps under Major Burney. 
The order issued on this occasion said : "If the regularity and discipline which 
are observable in regular troops were not conspicuous in the body which formed 
this expedition, yet the alacrity to act and the submission to obey were features 
strongly prominent during the whole of this harassing duty." 

TilK STORY OF IIIH isr C.\rK ('OKI'S. 

After the savage murder of Brown and \Yhittaker by the Kaffirs, Major 
Lowen, with a detachment of Cape Corps; proceeded to the scene of the tragedy. 
The mixed patrol of which Brown and \Yhittaker were the leaders was, after 
their murder, commanded by Piet Lowe, formerly of the Cape Corps, and the 
prudence and determination shown by him were marked by his promotion to 
the rank of ensign in the newly-raised levies. 

In the Committy's Drift and Trumpeters Drift skirmishes coloured men bore 
their share. 

In an action on April 7th under Colonel Smith in which three companies of 
the Provisional (coloured) battalion were engaged under the immediate command 
of Captain Crause, Sergeant Cobus was shot by the enemy. 

In the storming of the Buffalo Mountain position these men bore the brunt. 
The ascent was only possible by the men pulling each other up by their muskets. 
The fastness was defended by six hundred chosen warriors under Dushanie. 
Thirty-seven enemy were killed and many wounded, whilst four thousand head 
of cattle were captured. A deserter from the Cape Corps was captured in this 
engagement and his life was spared on his giving valuable information. 

Indeed there is hardly a skirmish or engagement during this trying time in 
which the Cape Corps, or Provisional Battalion, did not take a prominent part 
until the termination of hostilities. 

1842 On January I4th, 1842, Captain J. C. Smith, of the 27th Regiment, was 

appointed as Commandant of Natal with the small force of two hundred men 
and two field pieces. The force marched overland and reached its destination on 
May I2th. In a contemporary account of this march appears the following : 
" The evening we came here we saw the haughty Dutch banner was displayed 
on the fort at the harbour as large as life. But the next morning the captain, 
the engineer officer, with all the Cape Corps and a few of the artillery went 
down to the port and hauled down the rebel flag and hoisted the British 
Union of old England and spiked the gun alongside of it a six-pounder. 
Ever since our arrival in Xatal the whole of the men are obliged to wear 
their accoutrements the whole night and keep their arms alongside of them. 
The duty is very hard here. We have thirty-six men and two officers and a 
bugler for outlying picket, and an advance picket of the Cape Corps." 

Later on, on May gth, preparations were made for action. A message was 
sent to the Dutch Commandant to come in person, but he refused, so " the 
captain ordered out all the Cape Corps, one gun, six rockets and one hundred 
infantry." The force proceeded to the village of the Dutch Commandant and 
there ensued a conference in which the Commandant was given fifteen days 
in which to come to a resolution. Thereafter followed the various actions 
between Captain Smith's small force and the Boers, until the arrival of the 
" Southampton " and " Conch " with much-needed relief on June 25th. In 
the course of these operations, exclusive of the disastrous attack on Congella 
on June ajrd, the casualties were one sergeant and two privates of the 27th 
killed and one Cape Corps. 

The inscription on one of the old tombstones in Durban Cemetery, still 
standing in 1888, read : " Sacred to the memory of Privates A. \Y. E. \Yessels 
and C. Jacobus, C.M.R. (Cape Corps), who were killed in action at Port Xatal 
the 28th June, 1842." 


(Period 1846-96). By W. R. Morrison. 

WAR OF THE AXE, 1846-7. BOOMPLAATS, 1848. KAFFIR WAR, 1851-2. SIR 

N March, 1846, the War of the Axe broke out. Certain prisoners en route 1846 
from Fort Beaufort to Grahamstown were rescued by Kaffirs. Two of the 
prisoners were handcuffed to other prisoners British subjects and these 
latter were murdered by the Kaffirs and their comrades freed by the arms of the 
murdered men being struck off with an axe. Hence the War of the Axe. A 
conference took place at Block Drift between the Lieutenant-Governor and the 
Gaika chiefs. The Kaffirs intended treachery but no collision occurred. After 
some delay troops were ordered to enter Kaffirland, and two columns were 
formed, one under Colonel Somerset and the other under Colonel Richardson. 
After occupying Sandilli's deserted kraal the troops took the field in three 
columns, with the centre column under Major Armstrong, and the three columns 
under Colonel Somerset were the mounted Cape Corps. 

In the course of a charge Booy Davies and Witbooy Klein were killed. A 
camp formed at Burns Hill had been attacked and cattle taken by the Kaffirs. 
A squadron of Cape Corps and of the yth Dragoons were sent to recapture the 
cattle. An engagement ensued in which Captain Bambric of the yth Dragoons 
was killed and, in the dense bush, our men were beaten back. In the affair at 
Chumie Hoek, whilst the camp was moving from Burns Hill, thousands of the 
enemy poured down from the mountains. The Kaffirs made such a vigorous 
attack on the centre wagons that the defending escort was driven back on the 
main body. The Kaffirs cut loose the oxen and blocked the road. The whole 
of Colonel Richardson's wagons (fifty-one in number) were abandoned. 

Eventually the Cape Corps and artillery cleared the bush after heavy 
fighting and gained the open and reached camp. Lieutenant Boyes, on the 
same day on special duty with ten men of the Cape Corps, had to fight their 
way through dense masses of the enemy and five of the ten were killed or 

The camp was attacked several times and the following day was moved to 
Block Drift, the enemy attacking during the whole of the movement. Just as the 
rearguard was leaving the camp Corporal Telmachus of the Cape Corps and one 
man galloped up. They were all who were left of an escort which had started from 
Victoria Post to follow the troops with despatches from H.E. Sir P. Maitland. 
The corporal with six men was met by a body of Kaffirs whom he charged, but 
lost two men. He then mistook the captured wagons for the British camp and 
lost two more men, and reached Chumie with two horses wounded. Then 


followed the action at Chumie Fort during which the ammunition of the 
rearguard was exhausted. Volunteers were called for from the cavalry, when 
the 7th Dragoons and Cape Corps stepped to the front and on foot replaced the 

The result of the action was that the Kaffirs were driven back and camp was 
formed at Block Drift. Meanwhile the Kaffirs passed on into the Colony and 
overran Lower Albany. In the affair of the Kowie Bush an officer was leading 
his men up the bed of the river where the channel gave a bend. The officer 
was about to step across the river to the bend when a man of the Cape Corps 
pulled him back, saying, " Wacht, baas." At the same time he put a forage 
cap on the end of a stick and held it at the exact spot where the officer was 
going to step. Instantly twenty bullets riddled the cap. " Nouw, baas, gaat 
aan," said his preserver. They went on and found fifty Kaffirs in the water, 
all of whom were killed. 

During the siege of Fort Peddie in the early part of the campaign a relief 
column with supplies was sent out from Grahamstown. (A detachment of the 
Cape Corps was in this.) From Committy's Drift to Breakfast Vlei the road 
wound up the heights of the Fish River. The convoy extended along some 
miles of the narrow bush road when the column was attacked by Kaffirs, who 
held a ledge of rock in the bush in such a position that they could not be 
outflanked. Lieutenant Armstrong, with a troop of the Cape Corps and a troop 
of Dragoons, dashed forward and captured the position. There was stiff fighting 
all through the bush, and it took three hours to fight a way through to the open. 
Eventually Fort Peddie was relieved. 

In the battle of the Gwanga a force, including two squadrons under General 
Somerset, was moving after the relief of Peddie and found the Kaffirs in the 
open. The 7th Dragoons, artillery and Cape Corps in column of, route formed 
troops and squadrons. The Dragoons opened out to allow the guns through to 
come into action. Then the 7th formed line on each flank of the guns and 
charged, the Cape Corps, forming line in extended order, charged in succession 
to the Dragoons. The Cape Corps went through the broken mass of Kaffirs in 
one long line. The cavalry wheeled and recharged the enemy, who fled in 
disorder, more than six hundred being killed in the action. The only time, it 
may be added, the Kaffirs were ever really caught in the open. 

In May came the affair of the Goolah Heights. An escort was proceeding 
under one Sergeant (Crawford) and ten men of the Cape Corps with two wagons 
for Need's camp with supplies. They fought a very stiff engagement in the 
bush with a large hostile force within three miles of their destination. Just as 
the party's ammunition was exhausted a despatch party of twenty Cape Corps 
came at full speed and saved the day. Many Kaffirs were killed. The patrol 
received the special thanks of the Commandant of the forces for their gallant 

The Cape Corps were also engaged at the Beeka Mouth. 

Sandilli having been captured, desultory operations were continued against 
Kreli until ijth January, 1848, when peace was concluded with the latter by 
the new Governor, Sir H. Smith, who shortly before had released Sandilli. 

For some years before the arrival of Sir Harry Smith in November, 1847, 
1848 there had been fighting between the emigrant farmers, who had migrated north 
of the Orange River, and the natives to whom the territory belonged. The 
chiefs had called upon H.M. Government for assistance. Soon after his arrival 
Sir Harry Smith met several of the emigrant leaders at Bloemfontein. Even- 
tually Sir Harry Smith proclaimed the Queen's sovereignty over the territory 
between the Orange and the Vaal Rivers. The party opposed to this policy 
organised a force and demanded the withdrawal of the British resident and the 
garrison. Without means of adequate resistance the resident complied. Sir 



Harry Smith then ordered up troops from the eastern frontier and proceeded 
personally to superintend the operations. The force crossed the Orange River 
in August, 1848, and moved towards Bloemfontein. On the way they found 
the insurgents massed at Boomplaats. On 29th August the advance was 
commenced, headed by fifty men of the Cape Corps with strict orders not to 
fire, Sir Harry Smith believing that the Boers would not fire on him. As soon 
as the advance guard got under the hills fire was opened on them and the men 
were forced to retire, leaving a dozen killed and wounded. On this the Boers 
came from behind the hills and the Cape Corps advanced towards them. The 
whole action lasted three hours, the first hour being a very hot one. The 
number of our killed and wounded was fifty out of a total force of six hundred. 

The General Order gave the number of enemy casualties at three hundred, 
a number much exaggerated. In the Government notice of gth September, 
1848, appears the following : " On reaching the summit of the Pass the enemy 
made a bold, though fruitless, effort to maintain their position, but the C.M.R. 
(Cape Corps) drove them from their position and they fled in the utmost dis- 

Sir Harry Smith subsequently presented two members of the advance 
guard with the medal for bravery, of which mention is made at a later stage. 
It is apparent from the accounts of the battle that His Excellency had a very 
narrow escape on the occasion of this action with the advance guard, and 
probably owed his preservation to the members of the advance guard of the 
Cape Corps. 

Molitsane, in Basutoland, having killed Fingoes and taken their cattle, 
Major Warden determined to attack them, and on September 2Oth, 1850, sent 
Captain Bates to deal with the matter. The official report on the subject says : 
" Captain Bates, with the Cape Corps, headed by Captain Bramley, here made 
a pretty charge which, being immediately followed up by six rounds from the 
guns, created sad dismay among the enemy : by midday three thousand four 
hundred and sixty-eight head of cattle were captured and fifteen Korannas and 
Bataung were killed and a good many wounded." 

In 1850 came the mutterings of the storm from Kaffirland and in April, 
1851, hostilities again broke out, to last, without interruption, for two and a 1850/1 
half years. Within the circumscribed limits of this chapter it would be impos- 
sible to detail all the actions in which the Cape Corps were engaged, but during 
this trying period they earned unstinted meed of praise. It is from the records 
a little difficult to find out exactly from what date the Cape Corps or C.M.R. 
began to lose its "coloured" association and by the admission of European 
recruits to gradually become the F.A.M.P., and subsequently the C.M.R. of 
recent years. During the war under review, at any rate, the regiment was in its 
initial stages wholly, and later partly composed of coloured men. There would 
also appear to have been a very lax habit in regard to the naming of the 
regiment in despatches, it being indiscriminately called the C.M.R., Cape Corps 
or C.M. Horse at one and the same time. 

On May 3rd, 1851, Sir Harry Smith, in dealing with the Amatola mountain 
affair, states: "The conduct of every man of the Cape Corps has been 

In General Orders dated 3rd May, 1851, dealing with this affair the 
D.Q.M.G. says: "The C.M.R. (Cape Corps) made a most gallant charge in 
which it is reported three deserters fell by their hands. In thus recording the 
severe part of the conflict it must be borne in mind that Captain Robertson 
(an officer of the Cape Corps in command of Armstrong's Horse) with Ensign 
Kingsley, C.M.R. (Cape Corps), supported by a detachment of C.M.R. (Cape 
Corps) under Lieutenant Boyes, most actively succeeded in capturing three 
hundred and sixty head of cattle ; the enemy very daringly attempted the 



recapture, but these gallant fellows preserved their prize and were victorious 
before the support reached them, while in another part of the field a detach- 
ment of C.M.R. (Cape Corps) under Ensign Stoddert, made a successful inroad 
and captured some cattle most gallantly." 

On May ist, 1851, the return of the troops at the Cape of Good Hope 
shewed the distribution of the Regiment : In the field on the frontier, C.M.R. 
(Cape Corps) under Lieut. -Colonel Somerset, eleven officers, twenty-two subal- 
terns, six staff, fifty-four sergeants, thirteen drummers, seven hundred and 
seventy-seven rank and file and six hundred and ninety-one horses. 

At Cape Town. One sergeant, five men. 

Queen's Fort. Two captains, two subalterns, two sergeants, one drummer, 
sixty-eight men. 

Natal. Two subalterns, "two sergeants, one drummer, forty-five men. 

Fort Hare. One field officer, two captains, five subalterns, three staff, 
fifteen sergeants, seven drummers, two hundred and twelve men and 
three hundred and thirty horses. 

Fort Beaufort. One field officer, nine men. 

Fort Brown. One subaltern, one sergeant, eight men, nine horses. 

Grahamstown. One captain, one staff, two sergeants, forty-three men and 
twenty-five horses. 

Fort Peddie. One subaltern, two sergeants, twenty-four men and eighteen 

Trumpeters Drift. One subaltern, one sergeant, fifteen men and sixteen 

Whittlesea. One captain and four men. 

Kingwilliamstown. Two field officers, one captain, nine subalterns, one 
staff, twenty-three sergeants, five drummers, two hundred and sixty- 
nine men and three hundred and fourteen horses. 

Fort Cox. Seven men and seven horses. 

Fort White. One subaltern, one sergeant, eighteen men and nineteen 

Fort Glamorgan. One sergeant and three men. 

Fort Murray. Nine men and eight horses. 

Fort Grey. Twelve men and ten horses. 

In a despatch from Sir Harry Smith dated 6th Ma}-, 1851, he says : " The 
C.M.R. (Cape Corps) whose defection has been the subject of such deep regret 
have well returned to their duty and are now ready to encounter any of Her 
Majesty's enemies." 

May i7th, 1851, in a despatch from " Toise's Kraal," Colonel MacKinnon 
says : " Some mounted Kaffirs appeared on our right and I directed Ensign 
Lucas to charge them with a detachment of forty of the Cape Corps. This 
service was well carried out and several Kaffirs cut off and killed." He 
continues : "After dark I was joined by Lieut. -Colonel Napier with the cavalry, 
in possession of three hundred head of cattle. One hundred of these had been 
captured by a party of the Cape Corps under Lieutenant Stoddert and the 
remainder by the Mounted Levy and by a sergeant's party of the Cape Corps. 

On May soth, 1851, Colonel MacKinnon states: "On descending the 
Chumie Valley I was joined by the detached parties of the Cape Corps under 
Lieutenants Goodison and Stoddert. They had in a very gallant and spirited 
manner captured three hundred head of cattle and killed nine Kaffirs. I cannot 
conclude this report without reverting to the gallant and efficient conduct of 
the Cape Corps. These men have now had an opportunity of witnessing the 
state of destitution and misery to which their former comrades who deserted 
to Sandilli are reduced." 



The desertions above mentioned refer to the rebellion at Theopolis. 
On soth June, 1851, occurred the action at Mekuatling in which a body of 1851 
the Cape Corps took part. 

In August of the same year the Natal Government offered a force of two 
companies of the 45th Regiment and one officer and twelve Cape Corps to join 
H.M. Forces engaged in the sovereignty. 

A company of the Cape Corps or C.M.R. was stationed at Maritzburg, 
having marched up to that place with the 45th after the relief of Captain Smith 
at Durban. At Fort Napier to this day a portion of the old fort is still known 
as the Cape Corps lines. 

The first request for European recruits for the Cape Corps would appear 
to be that contained in Sir Harry Smith's despatch to the Secretary of State 
of July 5th, 1851, wherein he says : "I hope that some drafts from regiments 
of cavalry or recruits may also be on their way to join the C.M.R. (Cape Corps)." 
On July i4th, 1851, Major Donovan, Cape Corps, reports that the Basutos 
attacked Sikonyela who was crossing the country under an escort. The Major 
chased the enemy into a mountain which his force ascended and drove the 
enemy before them, capturing an immense number of cattle. A six-pounder 
gun, supported by a detachment of the Cape Corps under Ensign Somerset, 
were hard pressed by the enemy for many hours and escaped with difficulty. 

On August aoth, 1851, further desertions by the Cape Corps in Grahams- 
town caused Sir Harry Smith again to urge that European recruits should be 

On August 1 5th, 1851, Major H. D. Kyle, Fort Cox, reporting on a patrol 
action says : "I made depositions to keep the enemy in check, in which I was 
much aided by the spirited movement of a detachment of the Cape Corps. 
Among the killed on the enemy's side were observed deserters from the Cape 

Captain H. T. Vialls, Fort Peddie, reporting on another patrol action, says : 
' The Cape Corps were of the greatest service to me and I cannot speak too 
highly of their conduct." 

On Axigust 25th, 1851, a Court of Enquiry assembled at Grahamstown to 
enquire into the desertion of six members of the Cape Corps with their arms 
and ammunition. The finding of the Court was that the six men, Andries 
Hans, Stephanus Jantjes, Piet Stoffel, Adam Adonis, P. Bier and Afrikander 
Hendricks, had deserted on account of the report which had been spread 
among the men that they were to be disarmed and given over to the Fingoes. 
In September, Lieutenant Salis was with a patrol engaged in looking for 
the deserters. The patrol wounded and captured Afrikander Hendricks, whilst 
two others, one being Jantjes, were shot by a patrol on August 3Oth. 

On September gth, 1851, Colonel Fordyce marched to the Kroome Bush 
with a strong patrol, on which occasion the Fingo levies failed. Colonel 
Fordyce says : ' ' The detachment of the Cape Corps did that duty admirably, 
with the greatest cheerfulness and activity." In this action the Cape Corps 
suffered casualties one killed and one wounded. 

September 5th. A strong force under Colonel MacKinnon was engaged in 
clearing the fastnesses of the Fish River Bush and Committy's Hill, and again 
the Cape Corps were complimented on their behaviour. 

On September nth, in similar operations, Lieut. -Colon el Eyre says: "It 
is with much pleasure I am able to report on the admirable conduct of the 
Cape Corps under Captain Campbell." One Cape Corps was killed in this 

In General Orders No. 165, lyth September, 1851, the following occurs: 
" Lieut. -Colonel Eyre has been most conspicuous in this Kaffir war and never 
did his personal gallantry, and that of the bold 73rd regiment shine with greater 




lustre than on this occasion, and to which Major Armstrong (his officers and 
soldiers) in command of the C.M.R. (Cape Corps) and a detachment of his 
horse most nobly contributed." 

On October i6th, 1851, the regiment, under the command of Major-General 
Somerset, was returned as four field officers, nine captains, twenty-two subalterns, 
seven staff, fifty-three sergeants, thirteen drummers, seven hundred and ninety- 
three men and eight hundred and forty horses. 

General Order No. 183, October 2ist, 1851, dealing with the operations 
in Waterkloof and Blinkwater, says: "The conduct of Captain Carey of the 
C.M.R. (Cape Corps) and his squadron, who three times charged through the 
enemy's skirmishers with great success, attracted the notice of the troops." 
Again, General Order 191, 8th November, 1851, says: "The C.M.R. (Cape 
Corps) stationed at Waay Plaats equally well deserve the thanks of the Com- 
mander in Chief." 

Dealing with the question of recruits for the regiment the Secretary of 
State on September igth, wrote : " After the close of the present war it appeared 
that since the defection at Kingwilliamstown and the readmission into the ranks 
of the men who were on that occasion deprived of their arms, the conduct of 
the Cape Corps has been such as to justify the expectation of its fidelity thence- 
forward and of the continuance of those good services for which the regiment 
had been previously distinguished in all the operations in the field. The Com- 
mander in Chief would be of opinion that it should be maintained. His Grace 
would advise that in the event of cavalry being deemed essential at the Cape, 
the Cape Corps should be succeeded by one of Her Majesty's regiments of 
cavalry. His Grace is of opinion that a coloured corps composed partly of 
Hottentots and partly of Englishmen is not likely to prove an efficient body." 
Whilst a despatch from Lord Grey, dated joth December, says: "Drafts of 
four hundred and sixty-four men will be sent to replace the men from the 
regiment living in the Colony, whom the Commander in Chief has instructed 
you to allow to volunteer for service in the Cape Corps of Mounted Riflemen." 
It is interesting to recall that possibly the rarest, and certainly the most 
sought after medal by collectors, is the medal awarded by Sir Harry Smith to 
members of the Cape Corps for gallantry and distinguished conduct. The issue 
of this decoration certainly evidenced the high opinion formed by Sir Harry of 
the Cape Corps, and as a distinction the medal may be said to be unique. Thirty 
only were awarded, and to-day only two of these have been traced, one being 
in the collection of Colonel Murray, and the other fittingly in the collection of 
Major William Jardine, himself an officer of the regiment during the 1914-8 war. 
Sir Harry Smith on the occasion of his return from Fort Cox to King- 
williamstown was much pleased with the bravery shewn by several members of 
the coloured corps. He was particularly impressed with their behaviour when 
his escort of members of the Cape Corps had to run the gauntlet through a 
countr3' swarming with enemies. Members of the escort were among the 
recipients of the medal, and a few were also awarded for Boomplaats. 

The description of the medal is 
as follows : 

Obverse lion statant regardant 

upon a wreath of laurel. 

Below 1851. 
Reverse in raised letters : 

" Presented by His Excel- 
lency Sir H. G. Smith, 

Bart., G.C.B., to . . . ., 

C.M.R., for gallantry in 

the field." 


The name of the recipient was engraved in a space left blank for the purpose. 
The ribbon worn was the Sutlej ribbon, chosen no doubt in remembrance of 
the part played by Sir Harry Smith in that battle. 

An extract from the Genadendal records shows that in December, 1851, two 
men from that place, Lodewijk Kleinhaus (sergeant) and Johannes Jass (sergeant 
major) were decorated with these medals. 

On the recall of Sir Harry Smith in 1852, General Sir George Cathcart was 
appointed to succeed him and arrived in the Colony on March 3ist, 1852. 

In a despatch dated sist March, 1852, giving a general survey of conditions 1852 
at the Cape, Sir George Cathcart says : " With regard to the dissatisfaction of 
a large portion of the Hottentot population, this has not been by any means 
so general as has been supposed and as Colonial prejudice would still represent 
it to have been. Nothing could have been more satisfactory than the conduct 
of the Cape Corps generally, with the exception only of those who deserted at 
the outbreak." 

In December, 1852, in the operations against Sandilli, Kreli, Macomo, and 
Mosesh, the Cape Corps bore their accustomed share and on December 23rd, 
after the action against the Basutos at the Berea, the General Order states : 
" His Excellency marked with admiration the gallant bearing of the detachment 
of the C.M.R. (Cape Corps) under Lieutenant Gough." 

In this action the regiment had five privates killed, one N.C.O. and three 
privates wounded. 

In May, 1854, Sir George Cathcart left the Colony at peace, a condition 
which had not prevailed for many years. 

I'Yom 1854 onwards in the Gaika-Galeka operations of 1877-8 and in the 
Basuto and Zulu wars of 1879-80 and in the various small . campaigns right up 
to the Anglo- Boer War and the subsequent Natal native rebellion, no coloured 
regiment would appear to have existed, though references are frequent to their 
services in various non-combatant capacities, principally in connection with 
transport, but in the Matabele Campaign of 1896-7 the Cape Corps was revived. 

Sir Thomas Scanlen, writing to General Gordon in this year, said : " We 1882 
have in the districts further back coloured persons in considerable numbers who 
could be depended upon as fully as the Colonists generally. If a force drawn 
from this class could be raised, say five thousand, we should have confidence in 
them, and I think they could be more cheaply maintained, would be more 
amenable to discipline and order and less liable to desert than mild youths sent 
out by the emigration agents in London." 

In June, 1896, came the Matabele campaign, when Major Robertson, an 1896 
old officer of the Royal Dragoons, recruited in various portions of South Africa 
a strong contingent of Cape boys for service in Matabeleland and Mashonaland. 
The Cape Corps, as it was again called, rendered yeoman service and took part 
in many and hard-fought fights. A few contemporary extracts from the 
despatches of Baden-Powell and others will perhaps afford the best indication of 
the value of their services. Thus in July, dealing with the operations at Myati, 
some fifty miles north-east of Bulawayo, Colonel Baden-Powell says : " Colonel 
Plumer took a column out there nearly eight hundred strong and after a clever 
and most successful night march surprised the enemy at dawn in a desperate- 
looking kopje stronghold called ' Taba Sika Mamba.' There was some tough 
fighting and the newly arrived corps of Cape boys, much to everybody's surprise, 
shewed themselves particularly plucky in storming the kopje." 

On another occasion in the campaign in the Matoppos, he says : "It was 
delightful to watch the cool businesslike way Robertson brought his boys along. 
They floundered through the boggy stream and crawled up the smooth dome- 
shaped rocks beyond, and were soon clambering among the kopjes, banging 
and cheering." 



"It is laughable to watch a Cape boy prying into a cave with his long 
bayonet held out before him as if to pick some human form of winkle from his 
shell. Suddenly he fires into the smoke which spurts from the cave before 
him. Too late, he falls, and then tries to rise ; his leg is shattered. A moment 
later three of his comrades are round him, they dash past him and disappear 
into the hole ; two dull thud-like shots within, and presently they come out 
again jabbering and gesticulating to each other, then they pick up the injured 
man by his arms and drag him out into the open and, leaving him there for 
the doctor's part to find, they are quickly back again for further sport. At 
one moment they appear like monkeys on unexpected points of rock, at another 
like stage assasins creeping round corners and sjiooting or being shot." Similar 
instances can be multiplied indefinitely, for the Cape Corps wrote their name 
large over the campaign. Commendation of their bearing will also be found 
in the works of Colonel Plumer and Major Alderson. The Corps was disbanded 
in December, 1896, and this was the last occasion when a Cape Corps served 
as a destructive regiment in South Africa until after the outbreak of the Great 
\Yorl d \Yar, when the ist Battalion Cape Corps was mobilised for service in 
East Africa. The story of their deeds there, and later in Palestine, is set forth 
in the succeeding chapters of this book. 



[Zadik & Co., Cate Town. 


Sitting (left to right) : Mr. J. B. I.indley, C.M.G., Colonel T. J J. Inglesby, Colonel Sir W. Stanford, 
K.B.E., C.B., C.M.G., Sir Harry Hands, K.B.E., Mayor of Cape Town, Colonel R. Stuart Solomon, 

lieutenant-Colonel Divine, Mr. Advocate M. Alexander, M.L.A. 
Standing : Captain T. M. Rawbone, Mr. P. C Ryan, Captain W. D. Hare, Mr. H. J. Stodel, Major W. 

Jardine, Mr. M. J. Fredericks, Mr. A. E. Perkins, Mr. J. Currey, Mr. H. Hartog. 

Absent from group : Sir John Graham, K.C.M.G., Major G. B. van Zyl, M.L.A., Rev. Geo. Robson, 
Canon S. \V. Lavis, Rev. W. !. Clementson, Dr. A. Abdurahman. M.P.C., Dr. J. Abdurahman, Captain 
Peter Davidson, Captain Rev. Caradoc Davies, Mr. L C. Serrurier, Mr Frank Aitcheson. Mr. R. R 




I HAVE been asked by the Author of this Volume to write "something" 
relative to the recruitment of the Cape Corps. 

It may be said at once that there are two gentlemen who could have under- 
taken this task with greater credit. I refer to Colonel .Sir Walter Stanford, 
Chairman of the Cape Corps War Recruiting Committee, and to Colonel T. J. J. 
Inglesby, one of its valued members. Both were associated with the movement 
from its commencement, both keenly interested in the possibility of the Coloured 
man as a fighter able to share with the white man the privilege of taking part 
in the Great War, and both particularly well qualified to lead such a movement. 
There were times when, as we all know, the Mother Country was almost 
pathetically calling to her sons to come forward voluntarily in the cause of 
humanity and Empire. Men were stirred as they never were before, and 
perhaps never will be again. 

The appeal got hold of the Coloured man and gripped him, and with the 
help of his many friends strong representations were made to the Union 
(iovernment to give him his chance. 

But it was only on General Botha's return from the German South-West 
African Campaign that those earnest representations were seriously considered. 
The acceptance of the principle that the Coloured man should be allowed 
to become a soldier took concrete form in the month of .September, 1915, when 
the Imperial Army Council accepted the offer of the Union Government to 
raise an Infantry Battalion of Cape Coloured men for Service oversea. 

A telegraphic despatch was received in Cape Town from the Director of 
War Recruiting at Pretoria (Sir Charles Crewe) asking Senator Colonel the 
Hon. Walter Stanford, Sir John Graham, Dr. A. Abdurahman, the Mayor of 
Cape Town (Mr. Harry Hands), Colonel T. J. J. Inglesby and Mr. Eames- 
Perkins (Hon. Secretary of the Cape Town War Recruiting Committee), to 
meet him to discuss the formation of a Cape Coloured Regiment. 

The formation of such a Unit was entirely in the nature of an experiment. 
A section of the people of the Cape Province resented the idea of raising such 
a force for employment in the fighting line. On the other hand there were 
many who resented the exclusion of such an organised force from the German 
South- West Campaign, and saw no valid reason now why the Coloured man 
should not be given an opportunity to serve his King and Country and follow 
in the footsteps of the white men and coloured races throughout the Empire 
then flocking from all its corners to take part in the great struggle for human 

The Empire was calling for men, more men. The Cape Coloured man 
asked for and was given his chance, and a new chapter in the history of the 
Coloured people of the Cape opened. 


SIR TIARRV Il\xns, K.P. 1, 

Mayor of Cape Town, and for sonic time Chairman, 
Cape Corps Recruiting Committee. 


Prudence demanded that a very high standard should be aimed at, and it 
was decided that only men of exceptionally good character, between the age of 
20 and 30, minimum height 5 ft. 3 in., chest measurement 33^ in., unmarried 
and without dependents of any description, should be accepted for service in 
this unit. 

On enrolment the Coloured man became an Imperial soldier, under the 
Army Act, for the period of the War and six months afterwards, or until legally 
discharged, with Imperial rates of pay, viz. : 

s. d. 
Sergeant ... ... ... 2 4 per diem. 

Sergeant Cook ... ... 2 10 ,, 

L. -Sergeant ... ... ... 20 ,, 

Corporal ... ... ... i 8 ,, 

Bugler, Piper, or Drummer ... i i ,, 

Private ... ... ... i o ,, 

and with Pensions and Gratuities as for the British West Indian Imperial Service 

The foregoing details and instructions having been determined, the Cape 
Corps War Recruiting Committee was formed, with Headquarters at Cape 
Town, for the purpose of enrolling Coloured men for active service with the 
Battalion of the Cape Corps. 

Colonel Grey (Commissioner of Police), Major G. A. Morris of the Natal 
Carbineers (Special Service Squadron), Captain J. C. Berrange, and Captain 
H. G. Wilmot were mentioned in connection with the Command. 

The mantle fell upon Major George A. Morris, son of Mr. J. W. Morris, 
a former Transkeian Magistrate. 

Major Morris was duly gazetted as Lieut. -Colonel and Officer Commanding 
the Cape Corps on October sth, 1915. 

The following gentlemen accepted the responsibility of a seat on the Cape 
Corps Recruiting Committee, viz. : 

Senator Colonel Walter Stanford, C.B., C.M.G., Chairman; Major G. B. 
Van Zyl, M.L.A., Vice-Chairman ; Mr. A. Eames-Perkins, Hon. Secretary. 
Colonel T. J. J. Inglesby, V.D.; Lieut. -Colonel John Hewat, MX. A.; Lieut. - 
Colonel F. W. Divine; Captain W. D. Hare; Sir John Graham, K.C.M.G.; 
Sir Frederick W. Smith, Kt., J.P.; Rev. Canon Lavis ; Rev. George Robson ; 
Advocate Morris Alexander, M.L.A.; Mr. J. W 7 . Jagger, M.L.A.; with the 
following leaders of the Cape Coloured community, viz. : Dr. Abdurahman, 
M.P.C.; Mr. H. Hartog ; Mr. P. Ryan; Mr. M. J. Fredericks; Mr. J. Currey. 
XOTE. Several other gentlemen joined this Committee later and Sir Harry 
Hands, K.B.K. (Mayor of Cape Town) became Chairman of the Committee vice 
Colonel Stanford who went to Pretoria to become Director of War Recruiting 
and Canon S. W. Lavis, Vice-Chairman. (\'ide Illustration, page 17.) 

The Cape Corps War Recruiting Committee had the good fortune to secure 
the services of Sergeant-Major Samuel Hanley Reynard as a member of the Staff. 
Xo choice could have been better. His cheerfulness and conscientious perfor- 
mance of his work throughout the Recruiting Campaign won the esteem and 
pect of all who came in contact with him. Though a veteran he never flinched 
in carrying out of his very arduous duties. 

During especially busy times the assistance of the Boy Scouts was asked for, 
and they never failed to answer the call made on them. Valuable assistance 
was willingly given, and the boys who were detailed to the Recruiting Committee 
by the Secretary of the Boy Scouts' Association well earned the War Certificate 
that the performance of their duties at the City Hall entitled them to. 




Photo by] IJ G. HorsfaU, Cape Town. 



Photo by] [Payne's Studios, Cape Town. 




A large crowd of Coloured men and women gathered outside the Recruiting 
Station at the City Hall, Cape Town, in the early morning of 25th October, 1915, 
aroused into action by announcements in the Press that the Coloured man's 
opportunity was now open to him. The crowd surged into the Vestibule when 
the doors opened at i<> o'clock, and it became necessary to erect barriers and to 
provide a squad of Police before the men could be handled. To witness the 
inauguration of this circumstance of significance many prominent personages, 
Civil and Military, visited the Recruiting Station, including the General Officer 
Commanding in South Africa (Major-General C. W. Thompson) and his Staff. 

Captains W. R. Cowell and C. G. Durham, Officers of the ist Cape Corps, 
with Colonel T. J. J. Inglesby and Lieut. -Colonel Divine, members of the 
Recruiting Committee, had charge of the proceedings. By noon well over a 
hundred recruits had passed through the hands of the Military Medical Officers, 
but only a small percentage succeeded in passing the very strenuous test imposed. 
As a result of the first day's recruiting twenty-two men were entrained at Cape 
Town for Simonstown, where the Mobilisation Camp for the reception of the 
enlisted men had been established, there to receive their first instruction from 
competent instructors and to have instilled into them habits of discipline, etc., as 
well as to meet their future comrades who were journeying from such places as 
Stellenbosch, Worcester, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and the Mission Stations of 
Saron and Mamre, etc. 

Considering the strenuous conditions of enlistment laid down the first day's 
result was not unsatisfactory, but there were some who had got their " tails up." 
" The pay was insufficient " ! ! ' There was no separation allowance " ! ! To 
ventilate those views a meeting of Coloured men was held on the Grand Parade, 
and no blame could be attached to the women who kept a strict watch on the 
motions of the men who supported them. Though, as a matter of fact no men 
were accepted for service in cases where there were dependents, and the Officers 
of the Cape Corps and the members of the Recruiting Committee zealously 
guarded instructions to that effect from Headquarters. And no wonder ! They 
were not out to pauperise women and children. 

There could be no burking the fact that at Cape Town the class of man 
required was holding back, and this reluctance to come forward was due solely 
to the question of no separation allowances and the insistence that there should 
be no dependents. Reports from other recruiting centres for the Cape Corps 
in this connection were illuminating; for example: Worcester was asked to 
supply 60 men ; that number was obtained in one day. Port Elizabeth provided 
31 men out of 45 required. Johannesburg was only asked to supph r 30 recruits, 
and those left for Simonstown on the day recruiting for Coloured men opened 
Kimberley 's quota was 50 men, and they were secured also in one day and were 
entrained for Simonstown. 

In addition, other country places intimated that they could supply a certain 
number of men, while districts which had already furnished their quota expressed 
willingness to add to the number already secured, and the Mission Stations at 
Saron and Mamre each volunteered to furnish a company. 

The Mother City of Cape Town found itself in this peculiar position that 
while she had taken the lead in expressing the desire for Coloured men to serve in 
the War, it seemed that the Coloured residents of the Peninsula would be ill repre- 
sented in the first coloured fighting force to be established, whilst places other 
than Cape Town collared the honour. One loop hole in this peculiar situation 
presented itself, viz.: the Governor-General's Fund. But all hopes in that 
regard was quickly dispelled by the definite instructions of the Director of War 
Recruiting that no man with dependents would be accepted. Indeed, it was 
hardly a fair request to make that the Governor-General's Fund should provide 
for dependents. 



The very real grievance re pay and allowances was immediately tackled by 
the Recruiting Committee, and in November, 1915, Colonel Inglesby and Mr. 
Brydone were deputed to go to Pretoria to endeavour to obtain better conditions, 
whilst Colonel Stanford, the Chairman, and the members of the Recruiting 
Committee in force waited upon General Smuts in Cape Town in the same 
pressing connection. Meanwhile a slight concession was made by the Governor- 
General's Fund, viz. : that they would give assistance in special cases, when 
brought to their notice. 

It was about this time that the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee 
came into being. Later this committee became affiliated to the South African 
Gifts and Comforts Committee and did splendid work in supplying comforts for 
the men of the regiment. 

"I have been informed," said Lord Buxton at the Recruiting Conference 
held at Pretoria on November I4th, 1915, " that the successful operations in 
German South-West Africa have had a great moral effect in the European sphere 
of operations and caused great depression in enemy circles. The successful 
subjugation of German East Africa will bring about even greater moral effect to 
the advantage of our side all the world over." 

To take part in that subjugation of the enemy's outposts Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris was now busy training his men at the camp at Simonstown, which, 
notwithstanding the many difficulties encountered, was steadily swelling its 

' They are as keen as mustard," said their Commanding Officer, " and in 
their spare time are drilling on their own," so that when His Excellency the 
Governor-General, accompanied by Major-General Thompson, inspected the Cape 
Corps at Simonstown on the 3oth November, 1915, they were complimented by 
him on their smart and soldierly appearance and workmanlike bearing. 

That outside forces were in fullest sympathy with the men of the Cape 
Corps were shown by many thoughtful incidents. Two may be given. 

' Tango " was enrolled. He was a smart Airedale terrier presented by 
Master Jack Ashley of Belville as a mascot to the ist Cape Corps. In the 
proverbial canine fashion he wagged himself into the affections of officers and 
men alike during his short stay at the camp at Simonstown, and Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris, in expressing his thanks to the juvenile donor, wrote : "I am sure that 
he will bring us luck." " Tango," when the Battalion embarked for East Africa, 
was called upon to show the stuff he was made of, for the Commander of the 
" Armadale Castle " was compelled to refuse to allow him to embark. With the 
persistence of his kind, however, " Tango " found another way of circumventing 
official opposition. A flying leap from the quay landed him on deck among his 
pals and the ship's Commander had no heart to eject him. 

The following letter speaks for itself : 


I am a coloured woman. It is a very little money that i send this is the 
money for the Cape Corps fund which i buy flowers from my own money and 
sell out again. I think it is very little but it will help too, my husband is gone 
to the front." 

(Signed) (Mrs.) D.S. 
A postal order for fifteen shillings was enclosed. 

During the months of October, November, and December, 1915, very 
strenuous work was done by the Recruiting Committee to enable the full 
complement of men (about one thousand and twenty) to be secured. The methods 



employed varied. Bands, Street Parades, Meetings in outlying Suburban 
Districts, Speeches at Bioscopes, Stirring Posters, Press Notices (the value of 
which cannot be over estimated) all had their turn. Ours was, of course, the 
job to induce those who were hanging back for various reasons to come to the 
recruiting stations. Once there the conditions were fully explained to the men, 
and the presence on duty of officers and non-coms in the smart uniform of the 
Cape Corps swept away all hesitation, if there were any, and made them all 
long to emulate those who had alrcad3' joined as soldiers of the King. Having 
made up their minds they were then invited to interview the selection officers 
appointed by Lieut. -Colonel Morris. 

These had their tables in the vestibule of the City Hall, Cape Town, and 
with drafts continually arriving from other centres, were kept pretty busy. 

The officers in charge were Major Durham (a strict disciplinarian) and 
Captain Cowell (a kindly and just officer and beloved by his men, who later 
made the great sacrifice). They accepted or rejected the men. The accepted 
men were then passed on to the inner room (Reception Hall) for medical 

I remember one particularly strenuous morning. The vestibule was a busy 
hive with the hum of many voices, and, a not particularly savoury odour of old 
clothes clothes that reeked with the sweat of hot and honest daily toil. The 
folding doors from the Reception Hall opened and a waft of sweet music 
Moated through. The City Orchestra in the Main Hall was rehearsing. 
Instinctively drawn to breathe the music's divine message, I was met by the 
Military Medical Officer, stethoscope in hand. He came to invite me to witness 
between sixty and seventy coloured men stripped for examination. These men 
had just previously been handed over to him. Then I realised that the clothing 
makes (or mars) the man. Now, lined up and smiling, naked to the world, 
they were fine specimens of strong brawny manhood. So splendidly developed 
were many of them that it might have been a parade of prize fighters, and, 
ugly in physiognomy as many of them undoubtedly were, their smiles revealed 
dentures that many a woman would have sacrificed a good deal to call her own. 
It is perhaps needless to say that every one of those men passed as medically fit 
for active service. They were attested and sent to the camp right away. 

Early in December, 1915, the Cape Corps was nearing its full complement, 
and recruiting definitely closed on i2th December, 1915. 

At that date the nett result of the recruitment for the Cape Corps was one 
thousand and sixteen men. Considering the difficulties in regard to pay and 
allowances, which all the efforts of the Recruiting Committee had so far failed 
to get altered, it did vast credit to the young coloured man without encumbrances 
and shewed quite clearly the spirit that was in him to assist his country in time 
of need. 

On the world's day of rejoicing, Christmas Day (1915), the Camp at Simons- 
town was thrown open to relatives and friends of the men of the Cape Corps, 
and full advantage was taken of the concession. 

Amongst the old time customs, plum puddings and music and bands were 
provided and dancing and joviality took place as though no red war existed 
and in spite of the gloomy news that trickled through over the cables. It was 
just for the day, the work with all its seriousness and earnestness, was for the 

Mr. Harry Hands (the Mayor) in his message to the citizens of Cape Town 
clearly gave the key note in reference to the position as it was at that time. 

"We are on the eve of Christmas," he said, " and at the end of another 
year, a year of war, and, for many hundreds and thousands of human beings, 
of suffering and sadness, a year in which death has taken a heavy toll of the 



Empire's manhood. From many a home in the Peninsula loved ones who have 
gone forth at the call of duty will be absent this Christmas. There must there- 
fore, be a note of sadness in our greetings, but we can still find comfort in the 
old, old message. Seventeen months of war have not shaken our confidence 
and our conviction that right must prevail, and though we may be sore let and 
hindered we shall endure to the end, and the end will be victory." 

In January, 1910, with the full complement of recruits secured, courtesies 
were exchanged between the Senior Officers of the Cape Corps and the members 
of the Cape Corps War Recruiting Committee in the form of simple luncheons 
at the Camp at Simonstown and at the Civil Service Club at Cape Town. The 
main reason for those proceedings was to wish " God Speed " and " Good luck " 
on the eve of departure on the one hand, and on the other the expression of 
thanks (none of course were needed) to the Recruiting Committee for what they 
had accomplished. 

When the Cape Corps' embarkation date arrived, very naturally the South 
African Military Command did not take any chances. A smoke-screen was 
thrown over the movement of all troops. That notwithstanding, a great crowd 
assembled at the docks at Cape Town, and all the approaches thereto, to witness 
the departure of the Battalion for East Africa on gth February, 1916. 

It was a true South African summer's afternoon. Three train loads of 
men steamed into the Docks, direct from Simonstown to the ship's side. 

H.M.T. " Armadale Castle " was waiting to receive the Officers and men 
of the Cape Corps. The embarkation was speedily and smartly accomplished. 
Many a mother strained with tears of pride in her eyes to get a glimpse of her 
son ; many a young Coloured woman, who had a very particular interest in 
her newly-made soldier friend, moved in the crowd in the hope of a last farewell. 

With the Band playing martial airs and the men leaning over the great 
ship's side anxious for a last good-bye, and the sun shining upon a sea of 
helmets and dark skinned faces and flashing upon the trappings of the uniforms, 
it was difficult to believe that these were the same men, who only a few months 
before had come to enlist at the City Hall, many ill-clad and anything but smart. 

The transformation was so complete. Straight, and smart and smiling, with 
boots, buttons, and equipment polished to a turn, they were a fine workmanlike 
body of healthy men, and for cheerfulness, dignity of bearing, and soldierly 
appearance the Officers in Charge would not have been easy to beat in any 

Then, God Save The King, every one stood to attention, and the great 
Troopship steamed majestically away (I fancy "Tango" barked). As evening 
came she dwindled to a speck on the sea, and finally vanished from sight. 

The Cape Corps had gone on the great adventure, taking with them the 
hearts and the hopes of thousands of their kinsfolk in the Union. The repu- 
tation of the Coloured community of South Africa was in their hands. 

The Recruiting Committee could rest on its oars until casualties and 
disease thinned the ranks of the departed warriors and a new recruiting 
Campaign was ordered to fill the gaps. 

It became evident soon after the departure of the " Armadale Castle " that 
a number of the men of the Cape Corps had left women and children dependents 
unprovided for, notwithstanding the care that had been exercised by the Selection 
Officers and the Recruiting Committee. It was unthinkable that these should 
be left to suffer. The situation was taken in hand at once by the Recruiting 
Committee, and a list of married men with dependents prepared. Commercial 
establishments who had employed such men before enlistment were approached, 
and guarantees obtained in most cases that half civil pay would be given to 
proved dependents, until Military separation allowances were secured. 



The New Year (10,10) was scarcely one month past \\hen General Smuts took 
charge of the Kast African Campaign. From that time calls for reinforcements 
for the Cape Corps were frequent, with the authorisation that married men 
could be accepted for Service, and that Separation Allowances would be paid 
upon the following basis, viz. : is. id. per diem to wives, and 2d. per diem 
for each child under the age of 10, or in cases of widowless and motherless 
children, 4d. per diem. Proved Dependents of unmarried men were placed on 
the same scale, always provided that the soldier allotted to the dependent half 
his pay. This placed recruitment for the Cape Corps upon a better footing, 
more especially as grants from the Governor-General's Fund were left entirely 
in the hands of the local Committees of that Organisation. 

The foregoing may, it is hoped, convey some idea of the activities of 
the Cape Corps War Recruiting Committee in the earlier stages of the Recruiting 
Campaign as well as of the feeling held by that body relative to the care of the 
families of the enlisted men, during their period of active service. 

Frequent calls came later from the Director of War Recruiting, Pretoria, 
for men, more men, who, by dint of hard work and the beating up of Suburban 
and outlying districts, never failed to materialise. For instance, during the 
period 271)1 February to 27th April, 1917, 1,457 Coloured men were attested 
for the Cape Corps, whilst a large number were turned down as unfit for 
Active Service. 

In all, during the Recruiting Campaign, 6,000 men were enrolled for the 
ist Cape Corps, and 2,000 for the 2nd Cape Corps. 

Other Coloured units were formed, of a different character to the Cape Corps 
it is true, but all useful in their different spheres, and all dovetailing and 
harmonising into the great fighting machine of the Empire. For instance, the 
Cape Corps War Recruiting Committee were requested to find one thousand 
men for the Cape Coloured Labour Battalion, with reinforcements as required, 
whilst they were interested in and consulted with reference to the formation 
of the South African Native Labour Contingent, in which ten thousand men were 

In addition, the Recruiting Committee were called upon to supply Coloured 
men to the S.A. Artillery 'Drivers and Leaders) rind for the Cape Auxiliary 
Horse Transport Companies, etc., etc. 

The exact total figures of Coloured men obtained by the Cape Corps 
Recruiting Committee are not before me at the present time, but it is certain 
that they were in the neighbourhood of twenty-five thousand, over rather than 
under. It is in my opinion a fair calculation to make that 4 to i of the men 
who presented themselves for enrolment were turned down as medically unfit, 
and if this basis is correct, it shows the handling of one hundred thousand 
Coloured men. 

Amongst the rejected there was genuine disappointment and not a little 
grumbling. Many such men, especially the younger ones, hung about the 
recruiting station for weeks hoping by hook or by crook to be allowed to go, 
while the spectacle of their "pals" in the smart uniform of the Cape Corps 
heightened their misery at being left behind. 

_ Every post brought letters from men in the country districts, bitterly com- 
plaining that the medical officer either did not know his job, or that he had 
mistaken their case. 

Covering some ten closely written pages, smatterings of English and Dutch, 
a Coloured boy at Clanwilliam, 19 years of age, bemoaned his fate because he 
was two inches under the regulation height to enable him to join the Cape 



Corps. He begged to be allowed to join as a bugler ; he knew that he could 
get one cheap if the money was sent to buy it, and, he added, " God would 
bless the Recruiting Committee." 

Besides the actual recruiting of Coloured men, the Recruiting Committee 
took upon its shoulders other matters closely connected with the men enrolled. 
For instance : The obtaining of maternity grants relative to children born 
after the soldier's enlistment. 

The question of free Education for Coloured children during the soldier's 
period of active service. 

The remission of the fee for the Marriage Certificate it being a regulation 
that this must be produced before Separation Allowance could be claimed or 

Medicine and Comforts for Sick wives and children of soldiers. 

The witnessing of the Signature on Military Cheques for monthly allowances 
in order to satisfy Banking requirements, etc., etc. 

A batch of from thirty-five to forty coloured women, some with babies at 
the breast, others leading ragged and bare-footed children by the hand little 
things that the soldier of the Cape Corps had left behind him to be cared for 
by the country whose freedom he was helping to keep intact came to the 
recruiting station one slack morning. Sergeant-Major Reynard was pounced 
upon in the vestibule of the City Hall. He stood their fury and anger like the 
good old soldier that he is until explanations were possible. 

When order was restored out of the chaos, they were invited to appoint one 
of their number to interview the writer in an inner room. 

It was not hard to enter into the feelings of these women. Their separation 
allowances as has been stated were very small, just enough to provide food to 
keep them and their children alive and with no hope of putting anything by 
to meet an unforeseen emergency. However, they were content to suffer the 
hardships that white and coloured alike were called upon to bear at that time. 

But the least delay in the payment of the allowances due created more 
difficulties than they were prepared to endure. A delay of some days had 
already taken place^in the arrival from the Paymaster of the usual monthly 
draft, and the children were without food. They had already applied to the 
Paymaster of the Cape Corps, but he was powerless to assist them in their 
trouble, and had to explain that there would be a further delay of three or four 
days due entirely to the change of office from one centre to another. The 
Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee found the matter was one that did 
not come within their scope, and no tangible result accrued as the result of an 
application to the local Secretary to the Governor-General's Fund. Finally the 
Cape Corps War Recruiting Committee was approached as described. 

The writer's own application to the then Secretary of the Governor- 
General's Fund shared the same fate as the women's appeal, and it became 
necessary to bring the full force of the Recruiting Committee into action. The 
result was entirely successful, and each family or individual went away with a 
sufficiency to tide over the awkward period. The women were satisfied and 
even grateful and dispersed to their various homes in outlying parts of the Cape 
Peninsula. The same method was adopted in cases where difficulties arose with 
landlords, who either wished to eject dependents of soldiers on account of the 
men being on active service, or to increase the rent on threat of ejectment if 
they did not agree to pay. 

In fact there was no genuine grievance connected with the dependents of 
the enlisted men, which the Recruiting Committee was not compelled to redress. 
There were, of course, some strange incidents connected with the recruiting 
of the coloured units. The following may be cited : 



Private John Jacobs of the ist Cape Corps had, by good fortune or other- 
wise- obtained leave of absence from his Regiment during a lull in its activities, 
and found himself in the Cape Peninsula. Resultant upon his good or evil 
fortune he took it upon himself to form fresh attachments and responsibilities 
in domestic life. 

The sequel to this visit was revealed in a letter, businesslike in its brevity 
and very much to the point, to the Hon. Secretary Recruiting Committee, 
as follows : 

" Hon. Sir, 

I married John Jacobs a week ago. He has gone back. \Ye have ten 
Children. Please let me know how I stand. 

Yours truly, " 

On a tour of the Eastern Province of the Cape quite recently the writer 
had the good luck to have as a companion on the journey an ex-officer of the 
Cape Corps who had served in the East African campaign and in Palestine. 
During the journey opportunity was afforded of hearing something of the doings 
of the Cape Corps in the actual fighting line, some of which no doubt will be 
set down in this volume. That officer's praise of his men, of their manly 
courage and pluck, of their discipline and cheerful endurance in times of hard- 
ship and difficulties, served to confirm the reports one had heard of the splendid 
work and behaviour of the men in camp, on the march, or under fire. 

At most of the stations at which the train halted, coloured men stepped 
out from somewhere, and, in their working clothes, stood to attention and 
saluted they were so obviously glad to see their old officer, and to have the 
opportunity to refresh in a few words their memories of the time when they had 
served under him in the Great War. 

It was the same in many of the places we visited during the tour. There 
was generally some coloured man who halted in his work to salute the officer, 
notwithstanding that both wore civilian clothes. Indeed, on the train by which 
we travelled, an ex-member of the Cape Corps brought us our nightly bedding, 
and the chef's coloured assistant in the dining-car tendered his respectful 
greetings and was recognised. 

On some of the farms visited at which ex-officers of the Cape Corps had 
entered into possession, the servants, the farm hands, and those employed in 
other capacities were all, wherever possible, returned soldiers of the Cape Corps. 
In some of the towns ex-officers of the Cape Corps who had embarked upon 
new ventures since release from service employ men in their offices who have 
seen service in the Battalion. This continued association in civil life of 
European officers and Coloured ex-soldiers who served under them during the 
Great \Yar is of course only natural and may in course of time evaporate and 
become only a memory. But what seems to be forced upon one is that this 
sympathetic understanding and respect between the white officer and the coloured 
man who served with and under him, if fostered in some way, should prove 
of inestimable value to the State. 

South Africa, we are told, is a land that is merely scratched upon the 
surface. Could not some semi-military body be formed from what is left of 
the Cane Corps for its greater development? 



FEBRUARY, 1916. 

OFFICIAL sanction having been given, recruiting commenced simultaneously 
in various parts of the Union on 25th October, 1915. The recruiting was 
done by officers already gazetted to the Battalion, and Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris, who was gazetted sth October, 1915, left two weeks later on a tour of 
the recruiting stations to interview the various Cape Corps Recruiting Committees 
that had been formed. 

The initial recruiting stations and officers were : 

Cape Town Captain W. R. Cowell. 

Paarl | 

Wellington ... Captain C. G. Durham. 

Worcester ... J 

Carnarvon ... ... Lieutenant J. M. Michau. 

Kimberley ... Captain L- Campbell. 

Prieska Lieutenant H. G. Warr. 

Port Elizabeth ... Lieutenant G. C. Macintosh. 

Oucltshooni Lieutenant D. W. Robertson. 

Mossel Hay ... 

A tribute must be at once paid to the whole-hearted solid good work done 
by the various Recruiting Committees, composed both of Europeans and coloured 
men. The Cape Town Recruiting Committee was especially in earnest, and 
the names of some of the most active and enthusiastic members of that body 
must certainly be recorded, vix.., the then Mayor of Cape Town (Harry Hands, 
Esq.), Senator Colonel the Hon. W. E. M. Stanford, C.B., C.M.G., Canon S. 
W. Lavis, Colonel R. Stuart Solomon, Colonel T. J, J. Inglesby, Major G. B. 
van Zyl, Messrs. A. Eames Perkins, H. Hartog and C. Currey. 

The camp selected for the mobilisation and training of the Corps was at 
Simonstown, just above the Noah's Ark Battery, about two and a half miles 
from the railway station. Xo more unsuitable site could have been selected. 
During the three and a half months prior to the departure of the Battalion for 
East Africa the south-east wind blew violent gales four or five days a week, 
the ground had a pronounced slope, in fact from the lower to the top end of 
the camp necessitated a strenuous climb, and it was extremely rough and stony. 

There were sufficient wood and iron buildings in the camp to provide an 
orderly room and office, officers' and niens* messes, camp medical hut, quarter- 
master's stores, etc., but the strong winds blew stones and pebbles against the 
iron buildings with such force that the proper conduct of office work, lectures, 
etc., was well nigh impossible. 

Officers and men were accommodated in bell tents, which constantly blew 
down. The parade ground was on the slope, extremely rough and stony, anc. 
exposed to the full blast of the south-caster, and instruction was carried oin 


under the greatest possible difficulty. After a few days officers and instructors 
had lost their voices, and, as time was all important, the above factors consti- 
tuted a very severe handicap indeed. 

The first recruits to arrive in the camp were a batch of nine recruited by 
Lieutenant Michau at Carnarvon. Prior to that several officers had reported, 
the first to do so being Captain \V. G. Cunningham (Adjutant), Captain I. D. 
Uifford (Quartermaster), Lieutenant J. E. Uennison (Signalling Officer) , Lieu- 
tenant C. J. Lever (Paymaster), and Lieutenant \V. P. Anderson. All these 
officers had seen service in the Anglo-Boer war and in the South-West African 
campaign and were thus qualified to set about their respective duties without 
delay . 

Recruits underwent a preliminary medical examination at the recruiting 
stations, but immediately on arrival at the depot were subjected to a more 
thorough and careful medical overhauling by Captain Cecil J. Impey, S.A.M.C., 
who had been posted to us for duty until a Battalion Medical Officer was 

It had been decided that the Battalion should be recruited, clothed, fed, 
and paid by the Union Defence Department, acting for and on behalf of the 
Imperial authorities, to whom all charges were debited, but that the training 
and discipline should be controlled by the Imperial authorities, the Officer 
Commanding being responsible to the G.O.C. South African Military Command 
at the Castle then Major-Ceneral C. \V. Thompson, C.B., D.S.O. That officer 
took the greatest possible interest in the Corps, as did his C. S.O.I., Lieut. - 
Colonel Finch. The latter had been invalided from the command of the 4th 
Battalion Middlesex Regiment on the western front, and his experience and 
advice were therefore up-to-date and of the greatest possible assistance to Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris and his officers. Major-General Thompson paid several visits 
of inspection and Lieut. -Colonel Finch gave two or three lectures to the officers. 
No two men could have rendered more sympathetic assistance to the Corps in the 
trying days of its infancy and inexperience than did the two officers named. 
Lieut. -Colonel T. E. Fowle, D.A.G., also rendered us every possible assistance 
in his power. 

It was difficult at that time to find a sufficiency of competent and experienced 
instructors in the Union. Major-General Thompson succeeded however in 
getting together a very good body of men, partly Union Defence Force Warrant 
Officers and N.C.O.'s; and partly Imperial men (R.E. and R.G.A.), and, in order 
to fully equip' them for their duties, the majority of the instructors were them- 
selves put through a brief refresher course of instruction at Wynberg Camp, 
before reporting for duty at Simonstown. Sergt. -Major James Alexander 
Windrum (Permanent Force Staff, U.D.F.), was placed in charge of the training 
and instructors, and had at one time as many as forty of the latter under his 
supervision. Windrum proved an ideal man for the task. He was very keen, 
hardworking, and very much of a martinet. To him, and to the rapid standard 
of efficiency to which he very soon brought his staff, was very largely due the 
remarkable progress made by the recruits. The men were put through the 
same syllabus of training as those recruited in the United Kingdom for the 
Western Front. 

It has to be remembered that a very large proportion of the pupils were raw 
recruits in the most literal acceptance of the term, in fact, probably less than 
five per cent, had previously handled a rifle or knew a step of drill. Yet the 
result of a few weeks' training was literally astounding. Lieut. -Colonel Morris 
and his officers and every other rank of the ist Cape Corps fully acknowledges, 
and is more than glad nay, anxious to testify to the great debt the Battalion 
owes for their later achievements to Sergt.-Major Windrum, and in a lesser 
degree to his staff of instructors. 




Captain .1. M. Mil ban, 6 ft. 5 ins.; and 
and Captain J. V, Harris, M.C., 5 ft. 2 in 

R.Q.MS. F. W. li BKTTS, D.C.M. 


(First Adjutant.) 


It was with deep regret that all past and presem officers and men of the 
ist Cape Corps learned that Sergt. -Major \Viiidruni died at \Vynberg Military 
Hospital on .Sunday, ^oth November, 1919, after a long illness. 

The choice of his officers was left by the authorities to Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris. Subjoined to this chapter is appended a report by Major-General 
Thompson on the unit prior to its embarkation for East Africa, and it were more 
appropriate for the historian to draw attention to the reference therein to Un- 
original officers of the battalion than to make any comment of his own. 

It was understood, if not actually promised in writing, that the choice of 
his officers should remain with Lieut. -Colonel Morris so long as the ist Cape 
Corps continued in existence. With very few exceptions the original officers 
selected had served through the South-West African campaign, and, those who 
were old enough, without exception, in the Anglo-Hoer war also. They were 
therefore of the right stamp, i.e., men who had volunteered at once to do their 
plain and simple duty, and had not been driven into the field by "white feather" 
or "drive out the slacker" campaigns. 

Owing to the fact, however, that the previous experience of nearly all the 
officers had been in mounted corps, it was necessary for them to undergo a 
course of training as infantrymen before they were capable of undertaking their 
duties or instructing the rank and file. For that purpose, with the exception 
of specialists such as the machine gun and signalling officers, adjutant, and 
quartermaster, who had been selected by reason of previous experience, all the 
officers underwent a course of a few weeks' special instruction at Wynbcrg 
Camp under Major Leslie Cox. They returned to Simonstown loud in praise 
of Major Cox and his staff and greatly benetittcd by their experience. 

Tribute has been paid to the splendid work done by Sergt. -Major Windrum 
and his instructors, but it is only fair to the men to say that they had most 
extraordinarily willing and pliable material to work upon. Practically every 
recruit who came into camp seemed to be obsessed with the idea that the good 
name and fame of the coloured community of the I'nion of South Africa vested 
mainly on his individual keenness, hard work, good conduct, and ability to 
rapidly absorb the lessons which it was desired to impart to him. The outcome 
was a most extraordinary keenness which resulted in very rapid progress being 
made. The men's day commenced it was summertime at 5 a.m., with 
physical drill and bathing parades and continued, with breaks at meal hours 
only, until sundown. Lectures and class-room instruction were wisely blended 
with practical demonstration on the parade ground, so that the men should 
not become too tired or too bored to assimilate the knowledge endeavoured to 
be imparted to them. 

Notwithstanding the long and tiring day, and it was tiring owing to the 
boisterous winds, the men were so keen that even after their evening meal they 
kept hard at it until first post, at unofficial parades, rehearsing and coaching one 
another in drill, handling arms, etc., on the rough ground of the mountain 
side above the camp. 

One man an officer's batman was asked to name the numerous different 
parts of a rifle. He correctly named and explained thirty odd parts, and ex- 
plained, but could not name, another thirty odd parts. He knew something 
about the remaining parts and excused himself for lack of complete knowledge 
by saying that he had only had one lesson from an instructor and a pal had given 
him another lesson. 

The men were placed in squads of from twelve to twenty each under an 
instructor, and as training progressed the squads were formed into advanced, 
partially trained, and awkward squads (i.e., raw recruits), and as the various 
squads mastered their drill they were issued with arms and taught the mechanism 
and parts of a rifle and, having mastered that, were sent in companies of two 



hundred, under their <>\vn officers, to the Woltemade ranges for three weeks 
to be put through their musketry course. A percentage of the men was also 
instructed in field engineering, bridge building, the use of the bomb, signalling, 
pioneer and medical work, etc., and later on when the companies were formed 
these men were distributed as equally as possible and had to impart their know- 
ledge to their colleagues. A machine gun section was also formed (four guns) 
and placed under the command of Captain Lindsay Campbell, who had had 
previous experience as a Brigade M.G. Officer in South-West Africa. There 
was great eagerness to get into that section, and right through the career of the 
unit it was most remarkable with what ease and speed the men learned to handle 
the Maxim (and later the Yickers) gun and the keenness and pride they took 
in their section. Later on the machine gunners did some exceptionally good 
work under Captain Frans Burger, to which reference is made in subsequent 

The training through which the men were put was so severe and the medical 
inspections so thorough and searching that quite a number of men were dis- 
charged within three months as physically unfit for service or as unlikely to 
become efficient soldiers. 

Not the least noteworthy fact in the early stages of the unit, indeed the fact 
remained throughout, was the quite exceptional adaptability of the material 
upon which the Corps was built. Machine gunners, signallers, pioneers, bridge ' 
builders, motor drivers or mechanics, cooks, butchers, etc., or what not, for 
any or every job for which it was necessary to find suitable and likely men 
the same were always forthcoming with previous civilian experience likely to 
quickly fit them for the particular job or task required. Later on in Kast Africa 
it became almost a tradition that the Cape Corps were the handy men of the 
Force who could always be called upon to tackle any odd job successfully. 

When authority was first issued for recruiting to commence, four single 
companies only was the intention, i.e., just over five hundred men. These 
were, however, obtained in little more than a month, and authority was at once 
given for an increase of two hundred and fifty men, and later further authority 
came to bring the battalion up to four double company strength, i.e., one 
thousand and fifty-six of all ranks. But the clothing and equipping of these 
men was greatly delayed owing to the blundering of someone in authority at 
Pretoria who forgot to advise the Quartermaster-General's branch of the increased 
establishment. Consequently, instead of a man being equipped' right off, the 
job took two or three months, the unfortunate individual receiving a toothbrush 
one day and a bootlace the next and so on. 

The conditions of service at first laid down were single men, between the 
ages of twenty and thirty years, and without dependents and at Imperial rates 
of pay (one shilling per dayj and no dependents' or separation allowances. 
Whoever was the responsible authority evidently knew very little of the require- 
ments of a battalion in the field, or of the economic position and status of the 
coloured community in the Union of South Africa. In fact, if it had been 
intended to prevent or hinder the Corps from becoming in; fait accompli no 
surer handicap to recruiting could have been devised. It says much for the 
loyalty, patriotism and enthusiasm of the coloured conrnunity that recruits came 
forward at all. Later on certain concessions were made in response to very 
strong representations made to the then Union Minister of Defence (Lieut."- 
(eneral J. C. Smuts) by a deputation from the Cape Town Recruiting Committee, 
headed by their chairman, Colonel Walter E. M. Stanford, who later on became 
honorary colonel of the regiment. The age limit was extended both upwards 
and downwards (eighteen to thirty-live) and a percentage of married men were 
allowed and separation allowances and pensions to their next of kin granted, 



A GROUT in- ixsriircTiiRs AXD IST CAI-E COUPS N.C.O.'s (Evuoi'F.\x) T\KIN \i SIMON'S Tmvx ix J>xru<v 1916. 
Lett to Right BACK Row : staff Sgt. I. I.orenza (C.C..A.), Instructor; Staff Sgt. N. O. Harvey (1361), 

ist Cape Corps; Busier Sin van lionde (C.P.R.); Pay SKI. .!. J. Bam (U.D.F.) Pay Corps; Staff Sgt. ; 

Staff Sgl. F. J. Shipp (1350) ist Cape Corps; Staff Sgt. M. C. Cassidy (io;n> 1*1 Cape Corps; Staff Sgt 

(R.G.A.); Staff Sirt. Sail. la (U.D.F.) Insirn.-tor; Staff Sgt. Taylor (R.G.A.) Instructor; Staff S?t. C. 

Richardson 1 13115 1 ir.n.F.) Instructor; staff Sgt. J J r,m-nhea<l, ist Cape Corps. 

Minni.K Row : staff s.jt .1. Howard IK C, A.) Instructor; Staff Sgt. C,. II. P< pp. r (1362) ist Cape Corps 
(Armourer); Stall' Sut. Kullin iC.C.A.I Instructor; Staff Sgt. Justis (C.G.A.) Instructor; RSM G 
Forsyth (1141) ist Cai; s M. Instructor J. Windrum (U.D.F. ); K Q.M.S J Hosack (1137) ist Cape 
Corps; Pay Sgt. \V. Mills ir.D.F ) Pay Corps; Staff Sgt. Keohanc (U.D.F.) Instructor; Sgt. T. C. Adams 

(Miq) ist Cape Corps; Sgt. C. Holstock (R.C, A.) Instructor. 

FK..XT R.,\v : staff st. I. Clenell (1053) ist Cape Corps; C.S.M. \V. T. \\Uniau (1051) i-t Cape Corps; 

siaii SKI Clonke C.G \ [nstractor; staff Sgt. F. \v. IMts (10.10) ist Cape Corps; sig. Sgt. H. Martin 

li:S:| ist Capr Cnrp>; staff Sut I) A. Patterson (n!-'l ist Cape Corps; Sst J. Hart (i;r ; l ist Cape Corps; 

Platoon Sgt. R. A. Clokr in;SI ist Capi- Corp~ 



but the latter were even then, to say the least of it, ridiculously inadequate, 
being at West Indian Army rates, which displayed a colossal ignorance of the 
difference between a West Indian native and the Cape coloured man. 

Recruiting however at once took a great spurt and before the end of the 
year, i.e., within ten weeks from the start, one thousand men were already in 
the camp at Simonstown training for all they were worth. 

Several questions suggest themselves with regard to the original conditijns, 

Where was the experience, the steadiness and the control to come from, 
and the stamina required for the tremendous exertions that were to be demanded 
from the Battalion later on under conditions known to exist, or which should 
have been known to exist, in East Africa, or in any other part of the world for 
that matter, under modern active service conditions ? 

Where was the commanding officer to get his senior N.C.O.'s from, men 
likely to exercise leadership, control, restraint, coolness, and discipline and set 
the example that in the main only old and wise heads are capable of setting? 

Long afterwards, in fact not until early 1918, did Lieut. -Colonel Morris 
and his friends and supporters, after a good deal of agitation and strenuous 
uphill work and appeal to the Union Parliament, succeed in obtaining more or 
less adequate separation allowances and pensions, and even then there was 
considerably less than more about it. 

When thirteen hundred men had finally passed the medical officers and been 
duly attested, recruiting was stopped for the time being, but began again in a 
few months as soon as the tremendous wastage from fever in East Africa began 
to be realised in the Union and continued practically without cessation until 
the middle of.ioiS. 

As soon as progress was sufficiently advanced to enable a battalion parade 
to be held, Major-General Thompson, accompanied by Lieut. -Colonel Finch, took 
the first inspection, whilst shortly afterwards His Excellency the Governor- 
General, Viscount Buxton, came down to inspect us and later on again paid a 
more informal visit to watch the training actually in progress, the course of the 
same not being interrupted during his visit. 

Brigadier-General H. A. D. Simpson-Baikie, C.B., C.M.G., accompanied by 
several of his staff officers and by Brigadier-General Sir Charles Crewe, then 
Director of War Recruiting (U.D.F.), also inspected the battalion and afterwards 
expressed his entire approval of what he had seen and also his astonishment that 
so much had been effected with a lot of raw recruits " in such an incredibly short 
space of time." Lieut. -General Sir Horace L. Smith-Dorr ien, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., 
D.S.O., was to have taken the last-mentioned parade, the same having been 
arranged by Major-General Thompson by wireless before he reached Cape Town, 
but Sir Horace disembarked seriously ill and returned to England as soon as he 
was well enough, without having assumed duty. Consequently Brigadier-General 
Simpson-Baikie acted as his deputy. 

The battalion was also inspected by Admiral King Hall, commanding His 
Majesty's Naval Station at Simonstown. 

Having completed their training as far as possible in the limited time at 
their disposal (by Christinas time orders had been received that the corps was 
to embark for East Africa early in February) the battalion took the field for the 
first time (towards the end of January, 1916) on the plateau above Simonstown 
to Cape Point for three days' field training and manoeuvres. Major-General 
Thompson, Lieut. -Colonel Finch and the District Staff Officer (Major Hodgson, 
U.D.F.) spent one of these days with us, and it was understood that the G.O.C. 
expressed himself quite satisfied with what he had seen. In fact, in passing 


the unit as fit to take the field and ready for active service, he put in a 
report which caused much gratification to Lieut. -Colonel Morris and his officers 
and the various recruiting committees and other friends who had the welfare 
of the Battalion at heart. (.Copy of the report is subjoined to this chapter.) 

L,ieut. -Colonel Morris had selected as his second in command Major Charles 
Norman Hoy, who had been a squadron commander in the Natal Carbineers in 
the South-\\ est Africa Campaign. Owing to private affairs occupying his time 
Major Hoy was not able to report for duty until November 3rd, but when he 
did arrive he very promptly made his presence felt. He remained with the 
battalion until he was invalided to the I'nited Kingdom owing to a breakdown 
in his health in March, 1919. It is not too much to say that the fine record 
later earned by the ist Cape Corps was in a large measure due to the keenness and 
energy, insatiable capacity for hard work, and soldierly qualities of Major Hoy. 
In course of time he was awarded the D.S.O. and bar, and was twice mentioned 
in despatches, and if ever man earned those honours, he was that man. 
Throughout the twenty-two months spent in East Africa he was never a day 
off duty except for three weeks in hospital after being wounded in action at 
Hatia, 8th November, 1917. 

Our Paymaster, Lieutenant C. J. Lever (ex Natal Carbineers) left us in 
December to take another appointment and was succeeded by Lieutenant (later 
acting temporary Captain) Barnett Boam. The latter went with us to East 
Africa and was quartered at Nairobi for a few months. He was then sent back 
to the Union and continued his duties at Cape Town, with short spells at 
Kimberley and Durban until early in 1919, when he resigned his commission 
and was succeeded by Captain \V. H. Smith. 

The original intention of the Director of War Recruiting after consultation 
with Lieutenant-Colonel Morris, was that the R.S.M., R.Q.M.S., Company Sgt.- 
Majors, Platoon Sergeants, Orderly Room Sergeants and Medical Sergeants, etc., 
should be European, in view of the fact that it was too much to expect coloured 
men to train on from raw recruits to efficient senior sergeants in the short period 
of less than four months. It was not possible to obtain the requisite number 
of European N.C.O.'s before leaving for East Africa, but a certain number were 
attested and it was decided that the balance should be drawn in East Africa, 
from the South African Infantry already there, as soon as possible after our 
arrival. The following were appointed before leaving Simonstown : 

R.S.M. Harrington Robert Bircham (Permanent Force Staff, r.D.F.), 

R.Q.M.S. James Charles Hosack (29.10.15), (late Natal Carbineers). 

C.S.M.'s: William Thomas Wigman, date Natal Carbineers). 
D. A. Paterson (1.1.16). 
M. C. Cassidy (1.1.16). 
J. J. Greenhead (15.1.16). 

Signalling Sergeant H. Martin (10.1.16). 

Machine (inn Section Sergeant Jesse Howard (No. 2001,0, 841!) Co. R.G.A.), 

Medical Sergeants, etc. : 

Sergeant Frederick John Shipp ',15.12.15;. 
Sergeant Thomas Allen Forrest (16.12.15). 
Lance-Corporal Andrew Henry (27.10.15). 
Private Jones (27.10.15). 
Private P. M. Grant (27.10.15). 

Orderly Room Sergeant Frederick William Betts (28.10.15). 

Armourer Sergeant G. H. Pepper (P.F.S., U.D.F.) (6.i'.l6). 




Robert Andrew Clokc (4. 12. is). 
J. Clennell (i.i.ib). 
Jackson Hart (ex oth S.A.I.) (11.1.16). 
N. O. Harvey (1361) (22.1.16). 

(Note. The above four men handed over on ist February, 1916 to coloured 
Q.M. Sergeants and became Staff Sergeants additional to establish- 
Platoon Sergeants : 

T. C. Adams (29.11.15). 
D. R. Ogilvie (19.1.16). 
A. H. B. Lee (1.2.16). 
C. Richardson (1365) (1.2.16). 
Attached for Pay purposes : 

Staff Sergeant William Thain Mills (21.10.15, discharged 5.2.16). 
,, Johannes Justinus Bam (24.12.15). 

,, A. Goodwin (6.1.16). 

,, Ephraim Harris (2.2.16). 

R.S.M. Bircham returned to duty with the Defence Department after a 
couple of months and was succeeded by George Forsythe on ist January, 1916. 
R.Q.M.S. J. C. Hosack received his commission on 4th December, 1915, but 
ten days later reverted at his own request and resumed his original duties, 
taking over from Frank \V. Grey, who had succeeded him. Grey (the well- 
known South African cricket umpire, by the way) left at once to take a position 
in the South African Records Office at Nairobi, B.E.A. 

Several of the coloured men shewed, however, during the short period of 
training, such a remarkable aptitude for absorption of the military spirit and of 
the essentials necessary to the evolution of a good N.C.O., that within a year the 
C.O. found it possible to eliminate the European N.C.O.'s with two exceptions 
and carry on with coloured N.C.O.'s. In fact, when, on 3rd April, 1918, the 
battalion embarked for Egypt, Sergt. -Major Shipp (Medicals) was the only 
European N.C.O. to accompany us. This was highly satisfactory, as the men 
very naturally preferred non-commissioned officers selected from amongst them- 
selves. It was a great incentive for every man to fit himself for promotion by 
every means within his power, and it was an equal pleasure to the C.O. and 
officers, and to friends of the experiment of the formation of the Corps and 
to the -whole coloured community of the Union of South Africa and their well- 
wishers, to find that there could be found within the men's own ranks soldiers 
possessing the necessary qualifications and full}' capable and willing, nay eager, 
to accept the responsibilities and many onerous duties devolving and encumbent 
upon a good warrant officer and sergeant. 

It has been said that the power to make or mar a regiment lies in the hands 
of the Adjutant and R.S.M., but those best able to will testify that 
however good the Adjutant and R.S.M. without a good standard of N.C.O's 
throughout a unit nothing really great can be achieved. In fact, as has been 
very truly said, "The N.C.O. is the backbone of the British Army." 

It will no doubt prove of interest to record the names of the coloured 
N.C.O.'s originally appointed, viz. : 

First Provost Sergeant : William Thomas Mcleod (in) 24.10.15. 
First Transport Sergeant : J. W. Peake (138) 24.10.15. 
First C.Q.M. Sergeants : P. F. Heeger (21) 25.10.15 

A. J. Daniels (13) 25.10.15. 
C. D. Sasse (209) 28.10.15. 
A. J. Hendricks (1067) 7.12.15. 



First Sergeant Shoemaker: J. J. Peterson (943) 13.12.15. 
First Pioneer Sergeant : J. C. M. Paulsen (432) 13.11.15. 
Transport Sergeant: Simon February (1357) 19.1.16. 
First Bugler Sergeant: J. G. Brown (228) 22.11.15. 

Machine Gun Section: Sergeant S. \V. Dunn (1134). i7-i-- l s- uvas irans- 
lerred to Headquarters as Sergeant in charge Scouts, 29.2.16.) 

First Sergeant Cook: J. H. Jacobs (5) 25.10.15. 


Sergeants: A. J. Daniels US) 24.10.15. 

C. L. Felton (169) 25.10.15. 

Koetenberg (39) 25.10.15. 

Daniels (i) 25.10.15. 

C. le Grange (143) 27.10.15. 

H. E. Smith (146) 27.10.15. 

H. J. R. Heber (145) 27.10.15. 

E. du Plessis (137) 2~. 10.15. 
C. A. Rniters (132) 27.10.15. 
A. Olieslager (i<Sj) 27.10.15. 
C. Calvert (152) 2-. 10.15. 
H. May (127) 2~. 10.15. 
J. D. Samson (219) 28.10.15. 

F. Hendricks (225) 28.10.15. 
S. J. Fredericks (255) 30.10.15. 
J. P. Carolissen (280) 1.11.15. 
S. F. l,:ikey ^105) 1.11.15. 
C. Veldsman (284) 1.11.15. 
J. G. Brown (228) 1.11.15. 
M. J. Abrahams (318) 3.11.15. 
P. D. Schoor (480) 15.11.15. 
J. Lock (609) 27.11.15. 
L. la Fleur (758) 1.12.15. 
\V. F. Barbier (875) 4.12.15. 
F. N. de Jongh (873) 4-12.15. 
H. D. le Roux (904) 6.12.15. 
J. \V. Langford (905) 6.12.15. 
H. \V. Herman (978) 7.12.15. 
J. Karele (1038) 8.12.15. 
P. Karstens (1031) 8.12.15. 
R. E. Henry (327) 20.12.15. 

Sixteen men with some rudimentary musical knowledge were selected in 

November to be trained as buglers, and by the end of the year were able to 
blow the principal calls. 

On the 22nd December, Acting Sergeant de Vries (No. 7) was accidentally 
shot. This was our first casualty; but, alas, only the first of several hundred. 

Whilst at Simonstoxvn Lieutenant Frank Collings Hallier was married on 
January i6th to Miss Whiteside. The ceremony took place in one of the huts 
converted into a chapel for the occasion, and the reception took place in the 
officers' mess. Several of the senior officers furnished the customary guard 
of honour and crossed swords in time-honoured fashion to form an archway 
for the happy pair to pass through on leaving the temporary chapel. 

Everything passed off with more than the usual gaiety and eclat customary 
on such occasions and was a most pleasant and charming interlude to the steady 
routine of training. 

- x 

* v. 




There was not much time for games, sport or athletics during our strenuous- 
period of mobilisation and training at Snnonstown. A few of the officers 
certainly found time for an occasional game of cricket at Xewlands and 
Lieutenant Dudley Pearse scored 145 in a club match for the Western Province 
Cricket Club. Hut it was not all work and no play, as the Cape Corps Gifts 
and Comforts Committee arranged several concerts in camp and the efforts of 
the ladies and gentlemen artistes were vastly appreciated by all ranks. Further 
reference will be made later on in this book to the truly splendid work done 
on our behalf by the abovementioned most energetic Committee to whom we 
can never be sufficiently indebted. 

About the end of January orders were received that the Battalion would 
embark for East Africa on H.M.T. " Armadale Castle " on the gth February. 
This information gave great pleasure and at the same time forced everybody 
to work overtime completing final preparation^. We left Simonstown in three 
special trains, and within an hour of the arrival of the last train at the quay 
side in Cape Town Docks the embarkation had been completed. 

It may here be recorded that the officers who proceeded to East Africa when 
the battalion embarked to take the field for the first time were : 

Officer Commanding ... Lieut. -Colonel G. A. Morris. 

Second in Command ... Major C. N. Hoy. 

Adjutant ... ... ... Captain \V. G. Cunningham. 

Quartermaster ... ... Captain Ivor I). Difford. 

Machine Gun Officer ... Captain Lindsay- Campbell. 
Signalling Officer ... Lieutenant J. E. Dennison. 

Transport Officer ... Lieutenant J. Arnott, D.C.M. 

Chaplain ... ... ... Captain Rev. A. Earp-Jones. 

Paymaster ... ... ... Lieutenant B. Boam. 

" A " Company. 

Officer Commanding : Major C. G. Durham. 
Second in Command : Lieutenant D. W. Robertson. 
Platoon leaders : Lieutenant W. J. R. Cuningham. 

F. C. Hallier. 
F. C. W. .Stanford. 
W. W. Procter. 
" D " Company. 

Officer Commanding : Captain W. R. Cowell. 
Second in Command : Captain W. P. Anderson. 
Platoon leaders : Lieutenant J. V. Harris. 
,, S. Youart. 

,, G. C. Macintosh. 

D. K. Pearse. 
' ' C " Company. 

Officer Commanding : Captain F. J. Bagshawe 
Second in Command : Captain H. G. Warr. 
Platoon leaders : Lieutenant F. Burger. 

J. H. Tandy. 
,, F. Murchie. 

S. W. Whitaker. . 
'' D " Company. 

Officer Commanding : Captain F. E. Bradstock. 
Second in Command : Captain J. E. Robinson. 
Platoon leaders : Lieutenant S. Ashley. 

H. Edwards. 
,, J. M. Michau. 

T. P. Rose-Innes. 



The embarkation was a record and Lieut. -Colonel Morris was very highly 
complimented by the Embarkation Staff Officer and other Dock officials on the 
remarkable speed and smoothness with which it had been effected. 

The coloured community of the Cape Peninsula gave us a magnificent 
send-off. The scene on the wharf beggars description. The men were in great 
spirits and the enthusiasm tremendous. The " Armadale " pulled out about 
5 p.m. on February gth, and reached Kilindini in seven and a half days. 

As we were the only unit on board, except for two or three details, there 
was ample room for everybody, and for parades, sports, physical exercises, etc. 
The ship's captain, Commander Geary Hill, and all his officers did all they 
could to assist in making the voyage a pleasant one. Commander Hill himself 
entered with great enthusiasm and keenness into our sports and games and 
taught the officers several new physical drill " stunts." Prior to disembarkation 
he informed our C.O. that he had been trooping for over a year and that this 
voyage had been the most pleasant of the lot. He also paid very high tribute 
indeed to the discipline of the battalion, and was emphatic in declaring that 
no other troops had conducted themselves so well or had left his ship in such 
a state of cleanliness and good order. 

When the battalion left Simonstown there were about two hundred partially 
trained recruits in the Depot. Captain C. E. Stevens was left in command of 
these, with Lieutenant W. W. Alexander and 2nd Lieutenants E. J. Rackstraw 
and R. Wilson to assist him. His instructions were to forward drafts of not less 
than fifty at a time as soon as the men became qualified and efficient. 


JANUARY i6iH, 1916. 


r in 

i w 

a S 

o - . 
o - 


Report on the Cape Corps by Major-General Charles \V. Thompson, C.B., 
D.S.O., G.O.C. South African Military Command : 

It may be of interest to record briefly the steps taken to raise and train the Cape Corps. 

The division \<> i ;us<j the Corps \vas arrived at on September aoth, 1915, recruiting commenced on 
October 25th, and the instructors arrived on November 8th. 

ORGANIZATION. Tin.- Cape Corps i- organized on the Imperial four company basis with an establishment 
of thirty officers and nine hundred and ninety-five other ranks. 

KIXKUITING. This cannot be said to have started with a boom. The conditions were Imperial pay and 
no dependents' allowances. The recruits obtained in the Peninsula were at first of poor physique, were 
not of the best ela^, and also did not come forward in any considerable numbers. The recruits from 
up-country, and especially Kimberlcy, were of a much better stamp. Later on concessions were made as 
to pay and dependents 1 allowances and the stamp of rcrrnit at once improved as did also the flow of 

OFFICERS. Lieut. -Colonel G. A. Morris was placed in command, and he was, I believe, given absolute 
discretion as to the nomination of the officers for the Battalion. Whatever the method of recruiting the 
otiicer*- the result hut- been that t^iey are an exceptionally good and hard-working body. 

TRAINING. The officers, without exception I think, had all served previously in mounted corps and 
had little knowledge of infantry drill. Many of the instructors that were sent down from up-country were 
similarly situated, and all the instructors that were supplied locally from the R.G.A., the R.E., and the 
C.G.A. were, from the nature of things, not experts in infantry training. 

To rectify this state of things, and while the Corps was still mainly occupied in recruiting, equipping 
and generally shaking down in their new surroundings, classes were formed at Wynberg under 
experienced instructors, ami all the officers and instructors were put through a very strenuous course of 
infantry work commencing \\ith squad drill and physical training, and gradually working upwards. 
These courses lasted four weeks. The result was immediately apparent when the instructors got to work 
on their squads, for all then worked on a system. Each instructor had about twelve men in his squad. 
The hours of work were 7 a.m. to 12.15 P-m. and 2 p.m. to 5.45 p.m., but later on, owing to the heat, no 
outdoor work took place between 11.30 a.m. and 4 p.m. The first few weeks were entirely devoted to 
instilling discipline into the ranks, and for this purpose close order drill and physical drill was the 
medium. Gradually the Corps received its arms and in due course each company was put through a 
modified course of musketry. At a later stage each company was exercised in company field firing. 
When the musketry course was completed it became necessary to form the various specialists, and 
selected men were formed into machine gun sections, signallers, pioneers and first aid, etc. Each lot 
was instructed under specialist officers and N.C.O.'s and their future time was almost wholly devoted to 
their special duties. These classes have now attained a very fair measure of efficiency, and, considering 
the limited time at their disposal, may be pronounced as good. This term, especially applies to the 
Pioneers, most of whom in civil life were artisans, etc., and so readily assimilated the training given by 
the 47th Company R.E. 

GENERAL REMARKS. It may, I think, be fairly said that considering the short time available for 
training, the Cape Corps has made remarkable progress and has attained a very creditable state of 
efficiency. This is due in the first place to the great zeal of the Commanding Officer, Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris. He is an ideal man for the job and has thrown all his energy into his work. He has been most 
ably seconded in his efforts by his officers, all of whom without exception have worked their best and 
hardest. Each of the four companies will have at least three white N.C.O.'s in addition to its own 
white officers, and the machine gun section has two white instructors. The weak point in the regiment 
is the coloured N.C.O. Three months ago they were recruits the same as the other men, and they were 
chosen for their stripes according to their standing in civil life and according to their ability to read and 
write. Naturally they have not as yet much hold on the men, nor are they themselves sufficiently 
proficient in their military duties to breed such confidence in themselves and in those under them. They 
are coming on, however, and if only the Corps can be given a successful " blooding." I feel pretty 
confident that it will " find " itself. 

Finally it gives me pleasure to testify to the good conduct of the Corps. Of serious crime there has 
been none, and minor crime has chiefly arisen from inability of the untutored coloured mind readily to 
grasp'the essential requirements of discipline. 



Cape Town, 

9th February, 1916. 

[NOTE. Major-General Thompson's reference to the original coloured N.C.O.'s is interesting in view 
of the wonderful progress made by those men after less than twelve months' military training (vide 
Chapter V.). EDITOR 


Shewing whole East African War Area (1914-1918). 

> ^ K *j :: 

mi 13 'HI I 

SH^OK 1 ^ 

1 o N 1 * : 

- o -'. 


-C>T '" X ? N 

'J ; ^ o x ^ ^ ^ ^"-^ fj 5 ^ C 


N V \ 

a N \ 

1 ^ 

' S -\ 

V ^ 

' M 


< V 



$ * - "- 


nrsp : 

M,i i 

- ; f t 

HI W| 

^MI ^4 

f.1 ^ftfiV s 

^ ^l-^Jfl 

^k iJ w * 

<% ? < 

,^ \L 

i o 5/-'-' 

! lf 



HxbON anaj. 



DISEMBARKATION in East Africa took place at Kilindini, the harbour for 
Mombasa, and before dark on the day of arrival (17.2.16) the battalion in 
two troop trains was en route to Kajiaclo, in British East Africa, near the 
northern border of German East, and then railhead on the branch line to Lake 
.Magadi, leaving the main line from Kilindini to Nairobi at Magadi junction. This 
journey occupied about thirty hours, and afforded us our first impression of 
the wonderful scenery and luxuriant foliage of East Africa. During the journey 
we got our first view of Kilimanjaro, that magnificent snow-capped mountain 
which towers, the highest peak in the African Continent, 19,350 feet above 
sea level. For four or five months we were not to lose sight of this great 
leviathan whose sublimity and ineffable grandeur impressed itself upon one 
more and more indelibly with every passing day. 

Our arrival in British East took place very shortly before Lieut. -General 
J. C. Smuts took over the supreme command there from Major-General 
M. J. Tighe, and just after the South African Infantry and Field Artillery, who 
had preceded us East by a few weeks, had covered themselves with glory at 
Salaita Hill near Taveta, the gateway to German East. 

At Kajiado we came under the orders of Post Commandant Colonel Walter 
Kitchener, elder brother of Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, who succeeded to the 
title when his great brother was drowned in the " Hampshire " a few months 
later. Here Lieutenant F. Burger was transferred to the Machine Gun Section 
with which he remained until the baljjalion was demobilised. Later he assumed 
command of the section and with it did much valuable work. 

Major Hoy and Sergeant Betts rejoined at Kajiado on February aoth. 
They had left us at Simonstown shortly before embarkation to interview the 
Officer in Charge of Records, Pretoria, re various records, confusion having 
arisen owing to several men having given their names, or the names of their 
next of kin and addresses, etc., incorrectly when attesting. 

After a few days at Kajiado, where we were inspected by Major-General 
J. M. Stewart, C.B., commanding ist Division, orders were received to proceed 
to Longido West, our advanced post in German territory. Having drawn the 
necessary transport (mules) we moved off at sundown on the 2 3rd February, 
taking charge of a supply convoy of some seventy wagons. This journey of 
seventy-four and a half miles via Bissil, Ol Ekunoni, Kidongai and Namanga, 
occupied eight days, including three days' halt at the last named place. 

At Lone Hill, between Kidongai and Namanga, Major Durham was left 
behind on lines of communication duty with two hundred men (two platoons 
each of " A "' and " B " companies) and Captain Warr on the same duty with 
the same number of men (two platoons each of " C " and " D " companies) 
at Namanga. At Longido West we remained from March 2nd to 5th, and 
there joined Major-General Stewart's (now Sir J. M. Stewart) ist East African 
Division, being allocated to Brig.-Gemral Sheppard's 2nd Brigade in which 
were also the 25th Royal Fusiliers, i2gth Baluchis, and 2Qth Punjabis. Two 
batteries of S.A.F.A., under Major Lorch (now (D.S.O.), were Divisional Troops. 

From Kajiado (B.E.A.) to Moshi (G.E.A.), February-March, 1916. 


On March 5th the whole force moved on to Sheep's Hill (seven miles), 
concentrated there and moved off in the evening for Ngare Nairobi en route 
for Moshi round Kilimanjaro, approaching Moshi from the south-west. 

The intention was a forced march, driving the enemy before us, to co- 
operate with our main forces, under Lieut. -General Smuts, who were advancing 
on Moshi via Maktau and Taveta, over the eastern and southern slopes of 
Kilimanjaro. The object of capturing Moshi was to secure the railhead of the 
Tanga-Moshi railway and to drive the enemy southwards in the direction of the 
central railway (Dar-es-Salaam through Tabora to Lake Tanganyika at Kigoma). 

The first objective in General Stewart's advance was the enemy fortified 
post of Ngare Nairobi. A half company under Lieutenant Hallier (Cape Corps) 
was despatched on the afternoon of March 4th on the main road towards 
Aruscha. The object was to mislead the Hun that a strong force was advancing 
that way by dragging bushes drawn by oxen in order to create a great dust, 
and induce the enemy to leave their fortified post at Ngare Nairobi to attack 
the supposed force. 

The main column then advanced after dark on 5th March from Sheep's 
Hill, and marched all night to attack Ngare Nairobi from Ngasserai (twelve 
miles distant), but thick thorn bush and sansiviera (indiginous sisal) in places 
caused the position to be considered impregnable. 

It was, however, decided to attack as far as Ngasserai Kop, and the I2gth 
Balucliis, supported by artillery, were detailed to do the job. They were 
successful after a hot little skirmish, in which they sustained a few casualties. 

It was well that our main advance was not continued from Ngasserai Kop 
along the direct road to Ngare-Nairobi as further on the enemy had a wonder- 
fully prepared position, which would almost certainly have proved impregnable, 
and in any case would have caused us very heavy casualties. This was the 

position burnt by Captain Cowell a fc-\\ days later (ride page 49). 

Whilst the Baluchis were attacking Ngasserai Kop the main column went 
on and turned in a south-westerly direction when two miles beyond the Kop 
with the object of making a flanking attack via Ngare Nanjuki swamp. 

Advancing from Sheep's Hill General Stewart's Division formed a column 
several miles long, and it was the Cape Corps' misfortune to act as rearguard, 
behind the whole Divisional Transport. This was. a very trying march as the 
transport was continually stopping for several minutes at a time. The distance 
covered to Ngare Nanjuki Swamp was approximately thirty miles, and we 
were on the move for sixteen hours with only a halt of two hours during the 
night. There was no water, but more than a sufficiency of sand and extreme 
heat. , 

The following morning (March jth) the i^gth Baluchis and Cape Corps 
(about six hundred strong) advanced across the flat under Colonel Hannyngton, 
C.M.G., D.S.O., Officer Commanding lagth Baluchis, to attack Ngare Nairobi 
from that side, but this plan was frustrated by the enemy flooding the flat and 
swamp from the river flowing at the foot of the kopje. 

The brigade remained all day at Xgare Nanjuki swamp and we were forced 
to camp for the night on the flat about two miles from Ngare Nairobi. Here 
the battalion got their first baptism of fire. At about eleven p.m. four prisoners 
were brought in by a Baluchi patrol. 

These prisoners gave us information upon which it was decided to act at 
once, and Lieutenant Harris was accordingly sent back with a platoon to recon- 
noitre and report upon the enemy fortified position near Ngasserai Kop, 
mentioned above, and to attack and capture the position if possible. 



Photo by] 






4 S 


Harris had just got outside our pickets, proceeding north, when the enemy 
opened fire on our camp from the south-east. 

The men behaved with exemplary coolness, taking up their positions in 
the trenches quietly and calmly. Orders had been given that fire was not to 
be opened except under instructions from an officer, and those orders w:ere 
implicitly obeyed and the men lay in the trenches (dug before they bivouaced 
for the night) with bayonets fixed ready for any emergency, but nothing 
happened as the Baluchis let off a few shots and the enemy, probably a small 
number, finding we were ready for them, cleared. Whether they had any 
casualties is not known. We had none. By their behaviour that night the 
men fully satisfied their officers that they could be relied upon in action. The 
fact that this was a night attack emphasised the men's coolness and steadiness. 
It was presumed that the enemy who attacked our camp were the same party 
as Harris had been sent out to attack. 

Early next morning (March 8th) the Baluchis moved off to rejoin the 
Brigade, who were marching on Geraragua, and at the same time Captain 
Cowell was sent out in support of Harris with the remainder of " B " company 
and to clear up the country towards Ngasserai. In the course of their 'advance 
they crossed the Xgare Nairobi Kop and arrived at Ngasserai after a very hot 
and waterless march. A supply convoy came in there from Sheep's Hill without 
water and had to send their animals down to the ISianjuki swamp to water, a 
journey which occupied nearly twelve hours to and fro. Captain Cowell then 
helioed for water, which was sent out from our camp and met him on the road 
next day. 

The next day lie returned to Ngare Nairobi, en route burning the aforesaid 
German position (vacated) in the bush, which he found to be extraordinarily 
strongly fortified. . 

After Cowell had left camp dust clouds seemed to indicate that the enemy 
had got in behind and cut him off from the main body. Fortunately the scare 
turned out to be nothing worse than a herd of giraffe on the move. 

The Cape Corps then advanced to attack Ngare Nairobi, but met with no 
opposition the enemy having evidently cleared during the night. We occupied 
the kopje and remained there five days in order to establish and protect lines 
of communication, and to establish supply parks at various points, and to open 
the way for the supply columns and the 2nd line transport of the fighting 
forces. Captain Cowell had reported all clear within a few hours of going out, 
and the supply column (under Captain Devenish Meares) then moved up and 
established a park on the flat across the river just below our camp. 

During the advance on Ngare Nairobi Major Hoy, with one orderty, 
followed Captain Cowell and preceded the main body to reconnoitre the road 
for our transport. After going a short distance he saw through the bush what 
appeared to be mounted men following CowelFs spoor. Anxious that he should 
not give a false alarm, he followed these men and twice looked at them through 
his glasses, only turning back to warn the C.O. when he was convinced that 
his first suspicion was correct. The C.O. was duly informed and all speed 
was made to occupy Ngare Nairobi, which our scouts had reported unoccupied. 
It was suspected that CowelFs party would be attacked in the rear at a favour- 
able opportunity and considerable anxiety was entertained until a helio message 
from him was received from Ngasserai notifying his safe arrival there. It was 
later learned that the supposed mounted men were large buck whose curiosity 
impelled them to follow Cowell's spoor. 

A similar incident happened (also during the advance on Ngare Nairobi) 
to No. 12 Platoon of " C " campany, who were leading the advance. Everybody 
was of course very much on the qui vive and orders were to rush the position 
and consolidate. Machine gun emplacements were being prepared when 



suddenly the Colonel shouted : " There they are ! " On our right flank could 
be seen galloping towards us what looked exactly like a squadron of mounted 
men with a screen of scouts and flanks out. The leaders halted under a tree, 
apparently to hold a consultation, and there was much excitement on the hill 
in anticipation of an attack, until strong field glasses disclosed the fact that 
" the enemy " was a big herd of gemsbok. 

The long grass and bush were, of course, primarily responsible for the 

Thus we learned the lore of our new terrain. 

Three days after we had occupied Ngare Nairobi Major Durham rejoined 
from Lone Hill with his two companies. He had been sniped at on the way 
but had no casualties. The line of communication and supply position having 
been established the brigade moved from Geraragua via Boma Ngombe (Somali 
House) to Moshi, taking a road which debouched to the right and leaving 
behind the whole of their mounted men to follow later. At the same time 
Major Hoy took "C" company under Captain Bagshawe to relieve the men 
left at Geraragua and escorted a supply convoy there. During this march our 
men saw their first aeroplane. We had not been told that the enemy were 
without aircraft and it was some time before this one could be recognised as 

On arrival at Geraragua Major Hoy found that the mounted men and 
artillery of the division had retired on that place after a skirmish with an 
enemy party proceeding from Kampfontein to Moshi. 

As there was only a small part}- of the i2Qth Baluchis, under Major Craw- 
ford, available to accompany the mounted men and guns, Major Hoy detailed 
two platoons (Lieutenant Michau's and Lieutenant Murchie's) of " C ' 
company, under Captain Bagshawe, to reinforce that column until it gained 
touch with the Division which was then at Boma Ngombe (Somali House). 

Captain Bagshawe returned with his men to Geraragua the same evening, 
having seen nothing of the enemy, who had evidently cleared in all directions 
as they were not encountered again before we reached Moshi. 

The battalion moved up to Geraragua on March i3th and joined Major 
Hoy's detachment there. 

Whilst at Geraragua the Brigade Supply Officer visited a neighbouring 
farm and found and buried there the dead body of an E.A.M.R. man who had 
been stripped naked by the enemy and left lying in the sun. 

The next day " B " Company went out road repairing and on March I5th 
we left Geraragua for Moshi clearing a road through the Geraragua forest and 
taking charge of a supply convoy of forty wagons. These, of course, were 
additional to our own ten wagons. From here our troubles commenced. There 
had been, and continued to be, a good deal of heavy rain no Scotch mist but 
tremendous and long continued downpours and the roads and river crossings 
became one long succession of quagmires. The enemy had dug deep holes, 
cut down and laid trees across the roads, filled the river beds with broken 
bottles and adopted every conceivable fair or unfair method of delaying our 

We were now approaching the Kilimanjaro watershed and every few miles 
met with rivers, spruits and streams, delightfully cool and refreshing from the 
snow clad peak, but the very devil for a column encumbered with ox transport. 
At every crossing there was a drop of several feet into the river bed and an 
equal ascent on the far side. After one or two wagons had negotiated a passage 
the state of slush and slide may as well be imagined as described, and to make 
matters worse the oxen were quite raw and untrained, and the sole qualification 
for their job of the majority of the transport drivers and natives seemed to be 
a capacity for raucous shouting and an ability to use their damnable whips 



with frequent and fiendish cruelty. The result was that the majority of wagons 
became stuck in mid-stream and were only extricated by double hitching the 
teams and by man-handling. At some of the worst crossings it was only with 
thirty-two oxen to a wagon, aided by the almost superhuman efforts and patience 
of forty or fifty men striped to the waist, that the wagons were got through. 
Most days three or four such rivers had to be negotiated and the expenditure 
of time and labour involved in getting fifty wagons through each one was almost 
incredible. The men, however, for the most part thoroughly enjoyed them- 
selves and tackled their herculean tasks with rare good will. Great boulders 
rolled into the river beds by the fleeing enemy was another heavy handicap. 

The weather during this march was typically tropical, i.e., when it did 
rain it did so in no half measure, and when it did not the sun shone with the 
maximum of power and added greatly to the tax on the stamina of both man 
and beast. However, after four days of this sort of thing Moshi was reached. 
On Sunday, March igth, a tired but happy and triumphant Battalion marched 
into that place at 8 p.m., the men singing as if under the impression that they 
had reached the Promised Land. 

It is reported that when the battalion was marching through the streets of 
Moshi someone asked General Stewart what unit it was coming in, and that the 
reply was : " There is only one battalion in my command that can sing after 
that march, and that is the Cape Corps." 

During the inarch from Kajiado to New Moshi only seven men had fallen 
out and those few were the result of ill-fitting boots and not of physical break- 
down. Before we could cross the Sanja River " C " Company had to repair 
the road and drift, a task involving several hours' hard labour. 

After leaving Boma Ngombe the guides misled and landed us into a swamp, 
which caused twelve hours delay and required abnormal exertions by all con- 
cerned to get the transport through. 

The scenery during the march from Bissil to Moshi was glorious beyond 
description, the foliage and flowers being luxuriant and the grass fresh and 
green, and in the distance always that glorious snowclad Kilimanjaro a sight 
worth journeying half over the world to see appeared to watch us like a giant 
sentinel, whilst away to the west another gn j at peak. Mount Mcru, almost as 
lofty, acted as a foil to her big sister. 

For the most part the bush was very thick, but in places there were 
stretches of open park-like country abounding with game. Numerous natives 
were met with, all friendly disposed and anxious to surrender and to sell us 
furniture, etc. (looted from the surrounding farms), and fruit and other farm 

The roads were for the most part quite good, except at the drifts and 
where destroyed by the enemy. To give an idea of the difficulties of negotiating 
some of the drifts, it may be stated that it occupied from two to three hours to 
get the transport through more than one, and our progress some days did not 
average one mile per hour. On one occasion a mule driver in a panic let go 
the reins and jumped and was only dragged from under the wheels in the nick 
of time by the conductor. 

Our transport conductors on this inarch, by the way, were H. B. Strieker 
and A. E. Lowe, both well known Johannesburg " Soccer " footballers two 
splendid' fellows. They worked like Trojans, and it was with great sorrow that 
we heard before the end of the year both had succumbed to the dread black- 
water fever. 

The trek from Longido West had occupied three weeks and had proved 
most valuable alike to officers and men. Much needed experience had been 
gained of entirely new conditions, and of the handicaps and hardships of cam- 
paigning in a tropical country and of the fighting and trekking through thick 



Photo by] U.II.T. 


I'lioto bv] [J.H.T. 


\VtKU-\VEkU IlklDi.E. 


bush. The men, however, had been splendid and earned grateful thanks and 
very high praise from the Supply Convoy Officers. The greater the call the 
greater was the response and already the men had clearly absorbed the true 
spirit of the British army, which accepts every additional task and hardship 
with increased cheerfulness, not to say grim humour. 

On arrival at Moshi we learned that the main force under Lieut. -General 
Smuts had entered that place without opposition six days previously (March 
i3th) and had left in the direction of Kahe, which they took a week later. 

On March 22nd, at 3 a.m., Lieutenant Cuningham, with No. 2 platoon, 
left for Store Camp, towards Kahe, escorting an ammunition column and 
marched twenty-five miles in sixteen hours. 

The next day we were told that the G.O.C. had decided that no furthei 
operations in this direction would be attempted until after the rains two or 
three months and we accordingly became line of communication troops with 
our headquarters at Xew Moshi. 

It was of course inevitable that somebody should do the dull grind of 
L. of C. work, but we had been passed as ready for the field by the G.O.C., 
South Africa, before leaving Cape Town and everybody was greatly disappointed 
that we were not to get our chance at once in the firing line. However, it was 
no doubt an honour to be selected to do this most important work as upon the 
maintenance and guarding of the roads, drifts and bridges depended the welfare, 
indeed the lives, of General van Deventer's mounted division at Kondoa Irangi. 

The G.O.C. himself had his headquarters at Old Moshi, an old slave trading 
and mission station about 1,500 feet above the plain on the slopes of Kilimanjaro 
and about five miles from our camp. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris was then appointed Post Commandant of Moshi, with 
Lieutenant Cuningham as his Post Adjutant (9.4.16) and later Staff Captain, 
and Lieutenant Youart as A. P.M. (22.3.16). Meanwhile Major Hoy assumed 
temporary command of the battalion. 

On March 2.;rd, Major Durham arrived with his detachment (four hundred 
and twenty-one all ranks) from Ngare Nairobi, and all ranks in camp now 
numbered one thousand and nine. These reinforcements were heartily welcomed 
as line of communication and garrison duties were now becoming exceedingly 
arduous. Every vulnerable point had to be occupied by a company, platoon 
or smaller body, guns to be posted, trenches dug, etc., etc. 

Early in April Captain Bagshawe with " C " Company and two platoons 
of " D " was sent to garrison Taveta, and at the same time half of " B " Com- 
pany was sent to occupy Rasthaus, and to guard the line being constructed from 
Taveta, through the Himo river swamp, to Kahe. Shortly afterwards Captain 
Bagshawe and his detachment at Taveta were posted along this line to build 
and occupy block-houses. This proved a most trying ordeal as the swamp was 
putrid and fever infested, and the rains now incessant. One block-house was 
absolutely surrounded by water. The men began to go down wholesale with 
fever, the daily average sick parade being about fifty per cent., and this 
detachment had after two weeks to be relieved by " A " Company, who fared 
no better. Indeed by the end of April full half the battalion were in hospital 
or sick in the lines. 

Simultaneously with the above duties road and bridge making and mending 
had also to be undertaken towards Kondoa Irangi. 

Lieutenant Ashley and his platoon were sent to the Garanga River, Lieu- 
tenant T. P. Rose-Innes to Weru \Veru River, Lieutenant Procter to Kikafu, 
Captain Robinson a few miles further on, and Captain \Varr to Sanja River. 
Meanwhile Lieutenant Harris and his men mended a section of the railway from 
Moshi to Kahe, and then repaired the road between Weru Weru and Kikafu, 
constructed a light line and built a pulley bridge. 



C.Q.M.S. P. CASTER (392). 


; ?\ - 



Private Cronje (with axe), Privates Pienaar and 

Hireling (standing), Privates Mason and Hendricks 


NOVEMBER, 1916. 

2 f 

o i s 

: < 

/. sr 

S a ~o 


< K 

O ~ ~- 

b 15 

< O S 

S g s 

W < - 


S I 



This laborious work was cheerfully done under most trying weather con- 
ditions, heavy rains alternating with extreme heat. Sergeant J. Karele (1038) 
and Private Henry Hoffmeister (902) (later promoted sergeant) deserve to be 
mentioned for exceptionally good work done in this connection. 

In April, Captains Bradstock and Robinson were sent out with small parties 
to reconnoitre the country in the direction of Lolkissale, with the object of 
rinding a better road to Kondoa Irangi and Aruscha. They had a very trying 
time owing to heavy rains and thick bush, and were nearly cut off by the enemy, 
but nevertheless succeeded in handing in a report which was of much value 
to the I.G.C. 

Whilst on this "stunt" Captain Bradstock had an amusing experience. 
He went on a road reconnaissance near the Sanja River, taking two men with 
him. The enemy were reported in the vicinity and, crossing a drift over the 
Noisanak River, Bradstock thought he saw their tracks. He kept a sharp 
look-out and suddenly heard talking. He lay low and, telling his men not to 
move a muscle, crept forward to reconnoitre. He had not gone far when the 
voices came nearer. He dropped flat fearing that his chance of freedom was 
vanishing, but hoping for the best. Suddenly there was a great outburst of 
jabbering, and Bradstock knew to his great relief that "the enemy" were 

Lieutenant Wilson went out about the same time and constructed a bridge 
over the Sanja River (-vide illustration, page 55). This was a well done job 
on which Lieut. -Colonel Morris was complimented by the authorities. In fact, 
at this time the battalion was doing a great deal of tremendously hard and 
useful work and might well have been an engineer or pioneer corps. The 
adaptability of the men and their previous all-round experience and particularly 
the training in field engineering done at Simonstown, proved of great value 
now, and Lieut. -Colonel Morris was more than once complimented by Brig.- 
General Edwards, D.S.O., Inspector-General of Communications, East African 

Early in April Lieutenant Arnott was appointed Railway Transport officer 
at Moshi, and continued to act in that capacity for several weeks until we left 
the Moshi area. The railway from Taveta to Kahe junction was completed 
during the last week in April, and it then became possible to transport stores, 
rations, etc., by rail direct from Kilindini via Voi, Maktau, Taveta and Kahe 
to Moshi, an immense saving of time and labour, particularly as it was then 
the middle of the rainy season and transport difficulties had been immense. 

Motor lorries frequently took three or four days to get by road from Taveta 
to Moshi (thirty miles). At first, owing to the swampy nature of the ground 
between Taveta and Kahe, heavy rolling stock could not be utilised and a small 
train was improvised consisting of a Studebaker (1912 model) motor car engine 
mounted on a light trolley and drawing four similar light trolleys, of which 
Private I. M. Adams (No. 207) was the driver. This train made one, on rare 
occasions two, journeys per diem each way. 

Having assisted to make and repair this branch line, build blockhouses, 
repair bridges, guard the line and occupy the blockhouses and also provide the 
R.T.O. and engine driver, the ist Cape Corps may justly claim to have per- 
formed most useful work in opening up communications from Kilindini to 
Moshi and, via Kahe, east towards the coast in the direction of Tanga, in which 
area our forces were now located until such time as weather conditions permitted 
the following up of the enemy southwards towards the Central Railway. 

The weather at this time was so bad that, but for this most opportune 
through rail communication, our forces in this area would have fared ill indeed, 
if they had in fact not actually starved. 



Photo by] II.D.D. 

JUNE, 1916. 





At the end of the first week in May the rains abated somewhat, and on 
Sunday the I4th, the first church parade for five weeks was possible, to the 
infinite delight of our Padre, who had had a decidedly idle month. 

When "C" Company returned to Moshi after their deadly experience in 
the Himo and Lumi river swamps, Major Hoy took them out to join " D " 
Company on outpost duty on the Aruscha road, and the two companies were 
placed under command of Captain Bradstock, who became Post Commandant 
at Lolkissale. 

Lieutenant Arnott, who had been Transport Officer for the past six months, 
was now transferred to the Machine Gun detachment and took charge of the 
Rexer gun squad. Our transport was handed in soon after arrival at Moshi and 
when it was returned to us later on at German Bridge, Lieutenant Cloke became 
transport officer. 

On May aoth orders came that the ist Division, which had been encamped 
at Kahe for some weeks, was moving coatswards and that we were to concen- 
trate three hundred and fifty men at that place by noon next day. This was 
a most difficult proposition as there were about six hundred men out on the 
Aruscha Road, one hundred and twenty at Rasthaus, and one hundred and 
thirty in hospital. 

However, a supreme effort was made. A special train was sent to Rasthaus 
to fetch Captain Cowell and the men there fit to go forward, and all available 
mechanical transport was commandeered, and sent out on the Sanja-Lolkissale 
road to collect officers and men. The task was not rendered easier by the neces- 
sity for selecting, in an hour or two in darkness, absolutely fit men, owing to 
the fact that the division anticipated forced marches and considerable opposition. 
Nevertheless one hundred and twenty-five men were deposited at Kahe two 
hours before the appointed time, fifty later the same day, one hundred and 
thirty next morning, and the balance the following day. Only twenty-five 
men were now left in camp at Moshi, which place, however, remained our 
depot in East Africa for another two months or more. Captain Anderson who 
had been seriously ill, and who had been in charge of our rest camp at Old 
Moshi (see below), for some time remained behind in command of this depot 
until towards the end of July. 

The three hundred and fifty men concentrated at Kahe were placed under 
the command of Captain Cowell and left on May 23rd as divisional troops to 
the G.O.C. in the advance down the Pangani River and on Wilhelmstal. 

Cowell was first sent out to occupy a place named ' ' Rapids ' ' on the flank 
of the advance, but, owing to the enemy's rapid retreat, plans were altered and 
the detachment carried on with the division to Marago Mikwajuni, where they 
cleared an aviation landing ground. From there Cowell was ordered to take 
his detachment back to Kahe (forty miles), the force having to be reduced 
owing to scarcity of rations. 

On May 3ist orders were received for an establishment of sixty-four porters 
for the Machine Gun Detachment to replace the pack mules. This was a great 
relief to the O.C. M.G. detachment as the mules (small Abyssinians and the 
concentrated essence of even- kind of mule vice) had caused endless trouble. 
These porters were very raw, but later became most efficient and useful (vide 
M.G. section chapter). 

About the same time as the above-mentioned concentration at Kahe took 
place we were allowed to establish a Rest Camp at Old Moshi, on the slopes 
of Kilimanjaro, about one thousand five hundred feet above the plain, and here 
officers and men recovering from fever were sent for a week or more to recuperate. 
It was very much cooler there than down below and the results of the rest were 
very sonn apparent, indeed, it was surprising that other units did not follow 
our example. 



During the first fortnight in June the battalion began to concentrate at 
Tsame, south of the Pare mountains on the Moshi-Tanga railway a few miles 
cast of Kahe, having now been transferred from lines of communication to 
become divisional troops under Bt. -Colonel (temporary Major-General) A. R. 
Hoskins, C.M.G., D.S.O., now commanding ist East African Division. This 
concentration took some days as a large number of officers and men were still 
on outpost duty on the Aruscha road and could not all be relieved at once. 
On Thursday, June 8th, Major Furse (Bishop of Pretoria), who had arrived 
on a visit to South African units, consecrated the military burial ground at 
New Moshi, where up to that time seven of our men, viz., Private van Haarte, 
M. (1081), Private Visagie, Jacob (383), Corporal Jozaffe, Gabriel (458), and 
Privates Moody, J. (268), Cotton, R. (3), Groep, M. (1268), and Francis, D. 
(263) had found their last resting place. All our available men in camp, about 
two hundred and fifty, paraded for the ceremony under Major Hoy. 

On Sunday, iSth June, a large consignment of comforts the first arrived 
from the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee in South Africa. Needless 
to say they were most gratefully received and appreciated. Many more such 
consignments followed at intervals during the next three years and all were 
equally welcome. 

By the 23rd June, Battalion Headquarters had been moved south-east to 
German Bridge on the Pangani River, where Lieut. -Colonel Morris became 
Post Commandant and Major Hoy assumed temporary command of the 

On June 25th Major Hoy left German Bridge with all available men (about 
three hundred and twenty) to join up with Divisional Headquarters, marching 
via Palms, Makayo, Mkalomo, Luchomo, Mbagui and Handeni to Lukigura 
Bridge, almost due south towards the Central Railway. At this time Captain 
Bradstock was Post Commandant at Wilhelmstal, having with him Lieutenants 
Edwards and Stanford and one hundred men, whilst Captain Bagshawe held 
a similar position at Mombo, having with him Lieutenants Pearse and Murchie 
and one hundred men. Lieutenant Robertson with fifty men Was at Palms, n 
post fifteen miles south from German Bridge. Colonel Morris had with him at 
German Bridge, the writer, Lieutenant Rackstraw and one hundred men ; the 
remainder of the battalion some five hundred men being in hospital at Moshi 
and Maktau, etc. Within the next two weeks, however, several officers and 
Home three hundred and fifty men came forward and were sent on to join Major 
Hoy at Lukigura River Bridge. When Lieut. -Colonel Morris took over Post 
Commandant's duties at German Bridge he found about seven thousand troops 
in camp, the same being details of practically every unit in the Division, and 
Departmental units, i.e., R.E. Ordinance, Supplies and Transport (animal and 
mechanical), Post and Telegraph Corps, Stationary Hospital, etc. 

During our advance from Moshi by stages to Kahe, Tsame, Mombo. 
German Bridge, and Wilhelmstal, the battalion, being divisional troops, had 
not had contact with the enemy, but our main force were constantly in touch 
with them. After the Salaita Hill battle, the fall of Moshi, the series of actions 
at Reata, Latema Hills and Ruwu river, which gave us the complete and undis- 
puted possession of a very large and important area, the Hun evidently came 
to the conclusion that we were too strong for him and retreated south and east 
into the Usambara mountains, and, when driven from there, south towards 
Handeni, and later on towards the Central Railway at Morogoro. He did not, 
however, allow us all our own way, in fact put up strong rearguard actions 
all the way. 







Ill the work of clearing the Usambara mountains and sweeping the enemy 
from our lines of communication after our thrust at Msiba, me 2nd East 
African Infantry Brigade, under Lieut. -Colonel (temporary Brig. -General] J. A. 
Hannyngton, C.M.G., D.S.O. (izgth Baluchis) bore the brunt of the fighting. 
Here a brief reference must be made to the splendid work done by all the 
South African units during the past four or five months. The infantry had 
done work at Salaita Hill and elsewhere which, when the very short period of 
training they had had before leaving South Africa is borne in mind, was 
literally astonishing. The men of the 2nd East African Division performed 
prodigies of valour and endurance under (temporary) Major-General J. L. van 
Deventer in the forced march on and capture of Kondoa Irangi, and the holding 
of it against determined attacks, under circumstances of great difficulty in regard 
to supplies, medical comforts, etc., until Lieut. -General Smuts' advance on 
Lukigura forced the enemy to abandon his positions before Kondoa in order 
to concentrate in defence of Morogoro. 

Lieut. -Colonel Stanley S. Taylor and the South African Field Artillery 
under his command did splendid work at Kondoa Irangi, and Lieut. -Colonel 
Taylor himself added greatly to the laurels he had won when in command of 
the Transvaal Horse Artillery in South- West Africa. In the words of General 
vSmuts, " In the story of human endurance this campaign deserves a very special 
place and the heroes who went through it uncomplainingly, doggedly, are 
entitled to all recognition and reverence." 

About this time several of our men whilst in detail camps along the Lines 
of Communication had performed fatigue duties in various Base and Stationary 
Hospitals, where they so pleased the medical officers and nursing sisters that a 
special request was made for a number of Cape Corps men to be seconded for 
duty with the medical services in hospitals where coloured men and natives 
were patients. This was done on 26th June, the men detailed being of course 
those needing a rest from hard marching. 

Before Major Hoy and his detachment left German Bridge for Lukigura 
the battalion were issued with ox transport to replace the mules which had been 
withdrawn shortly after our arrival at Moshi. These oxen were untrained and 
gave endless trouble and caused much delay all the way to Morogoro. In fact, 
even when the latter place was reached two months later it had been impossible 
to get the beasts to pull together as teams. Large numbers died and the 
majority of the survivors were so weak that the lot of the Transport officer 
was most unenviable. 

At German Bridge, in addition to ox wagons, we received a number of 
light two-wheeled carts known as A.T. carts, similar to those used in the hill 
country in India. These were drawn by two or four oxen or mules and proved 
most useful. 

On arrival at Lukigura during the first week in July, Major Hoy was at 
once ordered to take the battalion back some twenty miles to Kangata and 
garrison that place, the reason being that an enemy force from Tanga was 
reported to be advancing on Handeni (between German Bridge and Kangata, 
about fifty miles from former place and twenty-five from Kangata) and the 
2nd Infantry Brigade, under Brig. -General J. A. Hannyngton, C.M.G., D.S.O., 
was turned back to intercept them. 

In passing through our section of the road Brig. -General Hannyngton 
despatched Captain Bradstock with a company to search the neighbouring 
villages and scour the country. They met with no opposition, finding the 
natives well disposed, and accordingly returned to camp. 

Whilst at Lukigura our men had their first experience of shell fire. 
The enemy had some 4.1 guns, taken off their destroyed cruiser " Koenigsberg," 
posted on a hill overlooking our Division's camp (which consequently became 





known as Shell Camp) and indulged in the nasty habit of dropping shells into 
the camp at irregular hours, day and night. The damage done was negligible, 
but existence in Shell Camp was not enviable, resembling too closely that of a 

Simultaneously with the above move Lieut. -Colonel Morris came on from 
German Bridge to Handeni to become Post Commandant at the latter place, 
having Captain Robinson with one hundred of our men as garrison there. A 
chain of posts was now established every few miles between Handeni and 
Lukigura, our section being from the last named place to six miles north of 
Kangata. Lieutenant Michau's platoon was at the northern end of our line 
(known as refilling point) and Lieutenant Harris' platoon at the southern end 
(Massinga), where they were constantly sniped at by the enemy and worried by 
lions. The enemy had commenced to cut the wires and lay road mines between 
Handeni and Kangata and our forces had several casualties. Their plan was to 
creep up to the roads during the night, lay the mines, and retire, with disastrous 
results to the first wagon or motor lorry passing that way next morning, and 
those of us whose duties took us to and fro on these roads were more than glad 
to reach camp with whole skins. This necessitated all night patrols who 
marched just off the road in the wet grass. It need hardly be said that this 
was anxious work enjoyed by no one. 

One patrol sent out from Kangata had a lucky escape. Lieutenants Tandy 
and Arnott, with Lieutenant Birkett (I.D.), and twenty men went out with a 
Rexer gun on a long patrol to reconnoitre a certain position. When a few miles 
from their objective spies brought in news that the place was strongly held by 
about two hundred of the enemy. They accordingly decided that discretion 
was the better part of valour and returned to camp. 

The country between Handeni and Lukigura was positively beastly. The 
men suffered severely from fever and dysentry, flies were an abomination, and 
the Tsetse fly created havoc with the transport, horses, mules and oxen dying 
literally by hundreds, if not thousands, and the jigger, or burrowing flea, was 
by no means the least of our troubles. 

That horrible little insect particularly infested old camping grounds and 
became an absolute nightmare. The female settles on the feet and eats her 
way into the flesh, where she lays an egg, usually under the toe-nails. If not 
removed at once a swelling is caused and when, as frequently happened, a man 
had twenty such bites on his foot it may well be imagined that his marching 
powers were much curtailed. The local natives were expert at removing the 
egg sack with a pin or needle, but did not always use a clean instrument and, 
in the absence of antiseptics, results were not always satisfactory. 

Snakes also abounded here as in most other parts of East Africa and we 
were very fortunate in having no fatal results from snake bite, although officers 
and men more than once found the reptiles curled in their blankets in the 
morning. A young python shared Captain Murchie's tent one night on detach- 
ment duty, but as he had the men's rum issue in his care that night there may 
have been ulterior motive in the creature's presence. 

Whilst at Kangata we had our first casualty amongst our officers, and 
Lieutenant J. C. Hosack being accidentally shot at Massinga post before dawn 
on July aoth by one of our own pickets. Hosack was returning with a party 
of men from an all-night patrol on the look-out for enemy mine-layers. Our 
picket was an Indian one and, owing to some error, had evidently not been 
warned that a patrol was on the road, and accordingly acted on instructions to 
fire on sight, that being necessary in view of the activity of the mine-layers. 
Except our patrols no traffic was allowed along these roads during darkness. 
This most unhappy incident was a great grief to the whole battalion, Jimmy 
Hosack being beloved by all ranks. 

< s 

U Ov 



g 2 

t/j bo 



ca & 

~ * 

o J 

X f; 

r~ ^ 

H t* 


Massinga Post where Hosack fell had been an enemy petrol store, but one 
of our aeroplanes having located it with a bomb, all that was left was a huge 
collection of empty tins. Henceforth the camp was known to us as Paraffin 
Tin Camp, and many officers and men of the battalion will long remember it, 
some by reason of the plague of jigger fleas, and other Lieutenant Robertson's 
detachment for a night attack on the post by lions. This latter incident 
would afford amusing reading, but unfortunately so many different stories of 
the affair were related that the real truth was in this case at least not readily 

Additional pests in this area were the inevitable mosquitos hordes of them 
snakes, scorpions, spiders, the latter usually large and particularly formidable 
looking tarantulas, and ants. The latter were of two kinds, the white ant 
which lived on one's food, apparel, or ground sheets, eating great holes in the 
latter articles, and the red ant (known as the soldier ant), a fierce and fiery 
pest which attacked one's person. 

General Louis Botha, on a visit to the South African Forces in East Africa, 
passed through our camp at Kangata shortly before the end of July to visit the 
most advanced troops, and extraordinary precautions were taken to keep the 
enemy mine-layers in subjection. The day before he passed through Private 
Demos (No. 220) located a mine and, though inexperienced in their handling, 
dug it out and demolished it. For this act he was deservedly awarded the 
Military Medal, and thus gained the coveted honojjr of being the first man 
of the Cape Corps to receive an award during the great war. 

On Thursday, July 27th, Major Hoy was sent east from Kangata on a 
three days' patrol with the following officers, viz., Captains Cowell and 
Robinson ; Lieutenants Arnott, Ashley, Macintosh, Pearse, T. Rose-Innes, Tandy 
and two I.D. Officers (Lieutenants Percival and Birkett) and a detachment of two 
hundred men. Their instructions were first to attack the enemy party of which 
Lieutenants Tandy and Arnott had brought in news a few days previously 
(vide page 63) and then to co-opernte with the /joth Pathans and clear up the 
country round Manga, direction east from Kangata towards Sadani on the 
coast, before the Division's imminent advance from Lukigura. This job was 
expected to take three days but actually occupied three weeks and, but for the 
assistance of friendly natives, who provided carriers and sold them food, they 
would have starved. The party's native guide also did valuable work, being 
very keen and clever. During the night of the first surprise attack he led three 
different parties to their respective objectives without the enemy being aware 
of their presence. 

This guide also helped very much by telling us which of our Jumbis 
(porters) to trust and which not. On his suggestion one of the suspect Jumbis 
was kept under a guard during the night of the surprise attack mentioned 
in the next paragraph. 

Major Hoy planned a simultaneous night attack on two enemy posts and, 
with a little luck, would have captured the entire posts, instead of a few men 
and some arms and ammunition as was actually the case. He took up a position 
with the Rexer gun under Lieutenant Arnott well in front of the enemy's 
pickets, and sent Captain Robinson to make a detour, lining the road in V- 
shape, whilst Captain Cowell was to attack a post half a mile further on directly 
he heard Major Hoy open fire. Considering the thick bush and darkness every- 
thing went as well as could have been expected, but the enemy between Major 
Hoy and Captain Robinson were so surprised and scared, that instead of retiring 
by the footpath as had been hoped, they scattered on the flanks in all directions 
leaving food, kit, documents, etc., behind. Captain Cowell expected the 
enemy to offer some resistance to Major Hoy, but they fled helter skelter and 



he had to attack with the bayonet sooner than he expected. The enemy simply 
faded into the bush, leaving behind their food and kits and a few prisoners and 
rifles. Several men were wounded but got away in the thick bush and darkness. 
Important papers were captured and forwarded to G.H.Q. 

The officer in charge of the enemy posts, who was one of their chief Intel- 
ligence Officers, got away in his pyjamas. 

Shortly after the above attack Major Hoy got into touch with Lieut. - 
Colonel Mitchell, commanding 4oth Pathans, who instructed him to report with 
his detachment at Manga as soon as possible. 

They reported the same evening and the following day the whole column 
moved out under Mitchell to attack the enemy position. 

Our intelligence agent reported that the enemy were strongly entrenched 
about two miles away, and that the approach thereto was grassy. The grass 
and bush proved so thick that two hours were occupied in getting into deploying 
position and it was impossible to advance in extended order. The men had 
literally to drag themselves through the undergrowth. Lieutenant Tandy, who 
had one part of the attacking line, was much concerned when he lost touch 
with a handful of his platoon (who had got into the support line) but he was 
somewhat consoled when the 4oth Pathans machine gun officer told him that 
he had lost a double company. 

After about an hour's hard work our scouts reported that the enemy had 
cleared the night before and that only a few men remained. They fired a few 
shots and then disappeared into the bush. 

On August ist the G.O.C. passed through our camp at Kangata and, in a 
brief interview with Lieut. -Colonel Morris informed him that we were to be 
increased by two double companies, i.e., from four to six double companies, 
or approximately from ten hundred and fifty-six to fifteen hundred men. This 
was an unique establishment authorised especially for the Cape Corps owing 
to the number of recruits coming forward. It is a great pity that another 
battalion was not at once authorised and placed under the command of Major 
Hoy. A second battalion was in fact formed several months afterwards. 
Lieut. -Colonel Flindt was gazetted first C.O. of the 2nd Battalion, but only 
retained the command for a few weeks. On his resignation the command was 
given to Lieut. -Colonel J. G. B. Clayton, M.C. (who had done good service in 
South- West Africa with the i2th Citizen Battery and in East Africa with the 
Xlth S.A.I, and on the Staff). Under Clayton the 2nd Battalion did good work 
in Central Africa with General Northev's force for several months during the 
latter half of 1917 and early in 1918. About May, 1918, they were disbanded and 
the majority of the officers released from service. A few of the officers and all the 
men were transferred to the ist Battalion and a number of them arrived in 
Egypt in time to see service on the Palestine front. 

Lieut. -General Smuts also informed our O.C. that recruits were to come 
forward from the Union at the rate of ten per centum per mensem and that we 
were likely to be on the move again shortly. 

On August 3rd Brig. -General Hannyngton returned with his brigade from 
the reconnaissance to the east of the Korogwe-Handeni road. On Saturday, 
August 5th, Lieut. -Colonel Morris left Kangata with all available men and 
marched through Massinga Post to Lukigura. Captain Anderson was left 
behind at Kangata in charge of our sick, about two hundred, who were 
comfortably housed in large', airy bandas (huts built of reeds and dried grass, 
etc.), which the C.O. had caused to be erected for their accommodation. 

Fortunately only one night was spent at Lukigura, the Division leaving for 
Kimbe to make a wide flanking movement in order to endeavour to turn the 
enemy's left flank at Mohonda Mission and clear them out of the Nguru 
Mountains. The Field Artillery, however, could not get through that way 



owing to bad roads, so the Cape Corps were sent back the following day with 
them, and two days later left to escort them through Msiha (or Makindu : Shell 
Camp) along the main road through Kanga camp to Turiani, where the whole 
division concentrated again. 

When the battalion left Lukigura to go forward Lieut. -Colonel Morris had 
less than two hundred and fifty of all ranks with him, the balance, nearly one 
thousand, being scattered as follows : Two hundred with Captain Youart on 
lines of communication at Korogwe (Tanga-Moshi line), two hundred with Major 
Hoy still out on the Manga " stunt," two hundred or more unfit at Kangata 
with Captain Anderson, fifty at Massinga Post, and the remainder in various 
hospitals along lines of communication, some as far back as Moshi, Voi, and 
even Nairobi, whilst about fifty had by then been invalided back to South 

Between August loth and I4th, however, Major Hoy and all officers and 
men with him rejoined. On August i6th news came through that the enemy 
had got away from our pursuit across the Mkindu River, afterwards blowing up 
the bridge. This was a great calamity, as it was common knowledge that the 
G.O.C. had completed his plans for thoroughly surrounding them. Those on the 
spot knew full well why the expected coup did not materialise. To blame others, 
however, is not the purpose and province of this book. Suffice it to say that if 
Smuts had not been let down the German East African campaign would have 
been over before the end of the month. 

At Turiani the 25th Royal Fusiliers, the Gold Coast Regiment and the 
Cape Corps were sent forward to rebuild the bridge over the Mkindu River, and 
the Division then concentrated again at Ruhungu (or Kwedihombo), where the 
G.O.C. laid his plans for the attack on Morogoro. 

Major-General Van Deventer's Division advancing east from Dodoma on the 
central railway had meantime reached Kilossa, and the enemy were entrenched 
in force on the far side of the Wami River. The Cape Corps were then sent 
forward with instructions to effect a junction with Van Deventer's force at 
Kimamba, seventeen miles east of Kilossa, but on reaching the Tami River were 
ordered to wait there as Van Deventer had been held up at Kilossa. Meanwhile 
our main force had advanced across the Wami River and were driving the 
enemy before them in the direction of Morogoro, Brig. -General Shepperd's 
brigade being sent out on the left flank to endeavour to cut off the enemy to 
the south and east of Morogoro. 

When Van Deventer had driven off the enemy at Kilossa we moved on and 
effected junction with him at Kimamba, on the Central Railway, and the 
following day received orders to go on to Morogoro, where we arrived on 
Saturday, September 2nd. For the first week we were camped on the flat north 
of the railway and experienced much discomfort owing to the swampy nature of 
the ground and heavy rains. A move across the line and about five hundred feet 
up the mountain side to the old German askari barracks was, however, a great 
improvement, and there we spent three passably comfortable months. The rest 
gave Captain McNeil an opportunity of pulling the Battalion's health together, 
and by working overtime he effected wonders before the next move orders were 
received. He was very much aided by the fact that the men were quartered in 
substantial buildings. 

During the past three months, i.e., since leaving German Bridge, we had 
been continuously on short rations, sometimes receiving only half the scale laid 
down, sometimes a quarter, and occasionally none at all. When the latter 
happened, however, it was generally possible for the O.C. to purchase sufficient 
from the surrounding friendly natives to sustain life. At the same time this 
food scarcity was a very serious matter for troops weakened by dysentry and 
malaria, and it can never be known how many deaths recorded as due to those 






i luco"** 

. ' t UX 



Designed and drawn at Morogoro by R.Q.M.S. Betts on the lining 
of a sugar ration bag with a carbon pencil. 



two causes were really attributable to starvation or malnutrition. Full army 
rations are quite good enough for healthy men, but invalids badly needed hospital 
diet, which was at that time practically unobtainable. 

Shortly after reaching Morogoro we ceased to be divisional troops, being 
transferred to the 2nd Brigade of the 3rd East African Division commanded by 
Major-General Coen Brits. 

On Thursday, September 7th, the British possession and occupation of 
Morogoro was impressed upon the local inhabitants, native as well as Hun, by 
the official hoisting of the Union Jack in the Market Square with appropriate 
ceremonial and dignity, all troops within reach being paraded for the occasion. 
On October i5th Major Hoy left, accompanied by Captain Tandy, for Tanga, 
via Dar-es-Salaam, to take charge of and train some six hundred men who had 
gathered there ex hospitals and old lines of communication posts, etc. Captain 
Youart had moved from Korogwe to Amani and thence to Tanga with over two 
hundred men, and all men discharged from the base hospitals had also been 
concentrated there. In addition, Captain Stevens had arrived there from the 
Union via Kilindini towards the end of August with fifty-one men, Lieutenant 
Hallier with fifty-three more on 12th October, and and Lieutenant W. S. Heaton 
with fifty-four men on November 7th. The men were trained and brought to a 
high state of efficiency, and the extended order work learned by some of the 
new recruits stood them in very good stead later on. As soon as a troopship 
was available they were brought by sea from Tanga to Dar-es-Salaam on 
H.M.A.T. " Himalaya." 

On October aist we held an all-day sports meeting to celebrate the first 
anniversary of the formation of the regiment. All the usual athletic and military 
events were included in the programme and, the weather being splendid, a most 
enjoyable day was spent. The day ended with a most successful concert and a 
large number of officers and men from other units at Morogoro were our guests 
at both functions. 

Here it should be noted that Dar-es-Salaam had been occupied on 6th 
September by our forces advancing along the coast via Sadani and Bagamoyo. 
Rail communication between the coast and Morogoro could not, however, be 
established at once, owing to lack of rolling stock and the fact that the enemy 
had blown up all the bridges and culverts. This railway had evidently been 
constructed regardless of cost. It was, of course, metre gauge, its formation 
width being three and a half metres on embankments and three metres in 
cuttings, and the bridges, culverts, station buildings, etc., were all first-class 
structures of splendid workmanship, good stone being always used. There were 
workshops at Dar-es-Salaam, Morogoro, Kilossa, Dodoma, and Tabora, and at 
Dar-es-Salaam and Morogoro electric power plants. There were wells at many 
stations and telephones at all. There had been travelling cranes on the line and 
two inspection coaches. The locomotives were the product of five different 
(ennan firms and the passenger and goods wagons of both the two-axle and 
bogie truck type and the goods wagons of ten and twenty-ton (metric) loading 
capacity. The wires were carried on Mannesmann tubes, increased in height in 
the giraffe country. At Kilo 86 there was a bridge four hundred and eighty-eight 
metres in length, with a clear opening of four hundred metres spanning a deep 
ravine. This had been entirely destroyed, and with it a great quantity of rolling 
stock, including several engines which had been run on to the bridge before the 
charge was ignited. The crazy folly and waste of war was very forcibly brought 
home to one by that dump of once valuable engines, etc., now a mere mass of 
twisted and useless old iron at the bottom of the ravine. But vain regrets for 
what might have been being of no avail, the South African Pioneer Corps, under 
Lieut. -Colonel J. H. Dobson (General Manager, Johannesburg Tramways) 
tackled the job of repairing the line with magnificent energy and such success 



I'hotos by] 






(See Chapter IX.) 

(See Chapter XII.) 







that towards the end of October the line was through. A wide deviation of two 
or three miles overcame the impossibility of replacing the big bridge tit Kilo 86 
above mentioned. Rolling stock was en route from India and also so much as 
could be spared by the British East Africa Railway Company was sent from 
Kilindini, but pending the arrival of the latter Lieut. -Colonel J. G. Rose impro- 
vised trains out of our big Reo motor lorries by fixing to them railway wheels and 
axles very considerately left at Morogoro by the enemy, and using a Reo lorry 
engine as the propelling force. These trains consisted of an engine and three or 
four tractors, each capable of carrying from ten to fifteen tons, and did the 
journey from Dar-es-Salaam to Morogoro in twelve hours. 

The effect of this on the supply position can readily be appreciated as, until 
rail connection was established, all supplies had to come by road from Korogwe 
via Handeni. This, under the most favourable conditions, occupied three days, 
but frequently took a week or more, owing to heavy rains and the collapse of 
the temporary bridges. The maximum lorry load by road was only three tons, 
and the strain on the cars and drivers, owing to the bad roads, was so great that 
the service was in grave danger of breaking down altogether. 

On the 1 8th October information was received that the 3rd Division was to 
be disbanded and that the majority of the South African units were to be returned 
to the Union. The authorities had come to the conclusion that the country was 
more or less impossible for European troops and therefore intended to finish the 
campaign with coloured and native units as far as possible. Of the latter there 
was a large number available, viz., several battalions each of Indians and King's 
African Rifles, a Nigerian brigade, the Gold Coast Regiment, West African 
Rifles, Indian artillery, and ourselves. 

The disbandment of the 2nd S.A. Mounted Brigade commenced at once, 
but one regiment was formed out of fit men of the brigade and attached to the 
ist Mounted Brigade of the 2nd Division under Major-General J. L. van 
Deventer. On October 25th we were posted to Force Reserve under Brig. -General 
P. S. Beves (later C.B., C.M.G.), who gave us a very hearty welcome and 

On November 6th Brig. -General Beves, accompanied by his Staff, inspected 
the battalion on the ground we had cleared for our sports on the 2ist ultimo. 
The inspection lasted two hours and was a very thorough and searching one, 
especially in respect of the machine gunners and signallers, who were put 
through firing and signalling tests respectively. It was understood that the 
Brigadier expressed himself as entirely satisfied with what he had seen. 

About this time an appreciable percentage of the battalion were still in such 
a poor state of health that, in order to eliminate the unfits before the next move, 
a special medical board visited our camp and boarded all invalids. The result 
was that four officers and one hundred and thirty-seven other ranks were declared 
temporarily unfit for further tropical service and ordered to be returned to 
South Africa as hospital ship accommodation became available. It was well that 
this was done, as the Rufiji River operations, then on the tapis, were carried 
out during the rainy season and in one of the worst fever areas in the whole 
country. It is certain that if those one hundred and forty odd officers and men 
had gone to the Rufiji a good many would have never returned. 

At the end of October the Brigadier informed our C.O. that the advance to 
the Rnfiji River was expected to commence the next week, but it proved to be 
actually six weeks later before we moved. During the intervening period a 
number of the abovementioned one hundred -and forty-one officers and men 
" boarded unfits," whose departure by hospital ship was delayed, recovered 
sufficiently to go forward, and it must be recorded greatly to their credit that 
scarcely a man wished to be sent back, in fact there was great anxiety to be 
re-boarded and declared fit. 



On November i8th Lieut. -Colonel Morris went to Zanzibar on ten clays' 
leave and, Major Hoy being still at Tanga, Major Cowell assumed temporary 
command of the battalion. 

When the C.O. returned he brought the news on reliable authority that we 
were to proceed to Egypt at the end of the East African campaign. This was 
good news indeed and everybody hoped more fervently than ever for the 
termination of the present campaign. 

Shortly after arrival at Morogoro we had handed in our ox transport and 
been issued with mules, but the deaths from disease of the latter, and the 
officers' chargers as well, were very heavy and it was not surprising that the 
G.O.C. had decided practically to eliminate mounted troops for the future. 
Not even the British Imperial Exchequer could long stand the loss of valuable 
animals at the rate of actually hundreds (in the whole force) per diem. The 
wastage of horse flesh in some of the mounted regiments had averaged very 
nearly one hundred per cent, per month. 

On December 5th, Major Hoy with Captain Tandy and Lieutenants Youart, 
Murchie and Hallier and three hundred men arrived from Tanga via Dar-es- 
Salaam, and on the same day Major Durham arrived at Dar-es-Salaam from 
South Africa with the following officers, viz. : Captains W. J. R. Cuningham, 
YV. Jardine and Gordon C. White; Lieutenants H. Coates, R. Feetham, Ivor 
Guest, A. A. Hayton, T. E. James, A. Leslie, M. Potgieter and H. R. Thornton 
and one thousand and fifty men. These officers and men came on to Morogoro 
at once by special trains, and by December loth we had nearly two thousand 
men in camp. Captain Gordon White voluntarily reverted to Lieutenant at 
his own request immediately on arrival at Morogoro, this being the only possible 
way to correct a mistake by the Union Defence Department in erroneously 
gazetting him captain on his appointment to the battalion and thus promoting 
him over the heads of some twenty officers who had been in the field with the 
battalion for several months. 

On December I2th, the move south towards the Rufiiu River began, Major 
Hoy leaving in the afternoon for Kissake with about seven hundred and fifty 
men (" B " and "C" Companies) and the C.O. followed on the morning of 
the i4th with seven hundred and seventy men of "A" and "D" Companies. 
The total marching out strength of the battalion, including machine gun 
porters, officers' servants, transport drivers and other followers exceeded one 
thousand seven hundred men. 

Captain Jardine remained at Morogoro as O.C. Force Reserve Depot, having 
with him Lieutenants Potgieter and Guest (as acting Adjutant and Q.M.R., 
respectively) and all unfit men. Captain Difford and Lieutenant Pearse also 
remained behind and were invalided to South Africa on December i8th. and 
Lieutenant N, F. Howe-Browne was later on appointed acting Q.M.R. during 
Captain Difford 's absence. 

The battalion travelled very light, viz., one A.T. cart per Platoon and 
fourteen A.T. carts for ammunition, Q.M.R., Signallers, Medicals, Headquarters 
and Machine Gun section. Pack Mules for reserve ammunition. One pack 
donkey for two officers for kit. One pack donkey per Company Officers' mess. 

During the period covered by this chapter, the following promotions and 
changes in personnel, etc., took place : 

At Bissil, February 241!!, Captain Campbell was admitk-d to hospital as the result of a 
M -vere kick from one of his pack mules, and Captain Bradstock took charge of the Machine 
Gun Section during his absence of several \vckv 

At Kidongai, on February 2(">th, the Battalion Scouts wore organised and Sergeant S. W. 
Dunn (1134) placed in charge, the others bring: Lance-Corporal J. Haynes (315), Lance 
Corporal H. Johnson (474), Privates L. Rudolph (18), H. Jassen (104), J. Burger (243), J. 
Yisagie (383), P. Adams (1307), A. Africa (675), P Carolus (1177) J. Moodie (268), J. Swartz 



Pliolo by] [.SiTiXiiiil H. II'. Herman, Kimlicrley. 
C.Q.M.S. A. J IICNDKICKS, D.C.M. (1067). 

1'rivaU- !' 

, l';illirr; Private F. 


Photo hy] I/. (;. Ilorsfall, Cafe Town. 

si:i;r,i:Nr I) A. WILKINSON (1253). 



(33'). J- Langeveldt (1279) and J. Sauls (332). These men having been duly trained were 
then distributed between the four companies. 

At Nainanga, on February jSth, Lieutenant J. Arnott, Transport Officer, rejoined with 
officers' chargers, which lie had been to Kilindini to fetch, these having come from South 
Africa on another vessel. 




man for over two years. 

At Gerara^ua, on March 14111, the following European N.C.O.'s reponed to us for duty 
and were posted Platoon Sergeants, vi/. : Sergeants B. E. Scott, C. M. O'Driscoll (1188), C. S. H. 
Gardner (6876) and A. G. Sumner. 

At the beginning of April our first draft of fifty-one other ranks arrived from the depflt 
(Simonstown) under Lieutenant \Y. \V. Alexander, and a day or two later (5th April) Lieutenant 
R. Wilson and forty-eight other ranks. 

Private Marthinus van Haarte (1081), who died in hospital at Moshi (24.3.16), was the first 
of many to succumb to fever during our stay at Moshi (March-June, 1916), and before we left 
there several deaths had occurred and a number of men had been invalided back to South 

On May I2th 2nd Lieutenant E. J. Rackstraw arrived from South Africa with a draft 
of one hundred men. 

On May I3th Major Durham left for South Africa to take over command of our Regimental 
Depot, and Captain W. P. Anderson succeeded to the command of " A " Company. Two 
weeks later Captain R. M. Robb, S.A.M.C. (who on joining in the previous November had 
stipulated that he could only remain on service for six months) left us to retutn to South 
Africa, handing over his medical duties to Captain R. P. McNeil, S.A.M.C., who remained 
with us for eighteen months and did magnificent service throughout, gaining the Military 
Cross in Uie following January. On May 26th, Lieutenant R. Wilson was seconded to the 
Works Department for engineer duties (road and bridge making, etc.). 

During the last week in May, several men were invalided to the Union of South Africa 
including two European \. ('.(>.'-, vi/. : C.S.M. Cassidy, M.C. (1050), and Sergeant Lee, A. H. 
(1371) who did not return to the battalion, and C.S.M. Paterson, D. A., followed them on 2ist 
June. Platoon Sergeant Craigen, W. (1439) took the tatter's place as C.S.M. 

Private I. C. Solomon (672) disappeared from a patrol sent out from Lembani on June 6th. 
It is presumed that he was ' got ' by a lion as he was never seen or heard of again and was 
declared " missing." 

On June i6th. Lieutenant F. C. Hallier was invalided to the Union of South Africa and 
Lieutenants W. W, Procter and S. W. Whitaker were transferred to the King's African Rifles. 
The vacancies were filled by the promotion of the following European N.C.O.'s to be 2nd 
Lieutenants, viz.: R.Q.M.S. J. C. Hosack, C.S.M. R. A. Cloke, Platoon Sergeant C. S. H. 
Gardner. ' Cloke's promotion did not actually go through orders, however, until June 3Oth, 
ami in the interim he ar!"d as R.O.M.S., vice Hosack promoted, handing over duties of 
R.O.M.S. on last named date to i J. Wilkes (.144.0 (European I. 

At German Bridge, on June 2ird, Lieutenant Harland S. Bell, with ninety-seven other 
ranks, joined up from our South African depflt. Lieutenant Bell having handed over his draft 
was transferred immediately to the East African Political Department. 

On July 3rd, Pay Sergeant E. Harris (European! was transferred to the South African 
Pay Corps. Platoon Sergeant T. C. Adams (1139) (European) died at Moshi on July 8th from 
septic poisoning after several weeks illness and intense suffering borne with great fortitude. 

To fill the \acanry ranged l>y 2nd Lieutenant Hosack 's death, C.S.M. W. T. Wigman 
(1051) was promoted 2nd Lieutenant on 21.7.16. 

Captain F. J. Bagshawe left us on i4th September to join the Political Service, and 
Captain H. G. Warr succeeded to the command of " C " Company, whilst Lieutenant W. J. R. 
Cuningham .received the vacant Captaincy and was promoted a Company Commander (thus 
jumping one step, viz., 2nd in command of a company). At the same time Sergeant-Major 
N. F. Howe Browne (from Despatch Riders) joined us and was promoted 2nd Lieutenant, vice 

A week later our Adjutant, Captain W. G. Cunningham, followed Bagshawe to the 
Political Service. Captain Rrndsiock became Adjutant and Captain J. E. Robinson took 
Bradstock's place as Officer Commanding " D " Company. At the same time R.Q.M.S. 
Wilkes was seconded to the S.A.S.C. (M.T.) and Orderly room Sergeant F. W. Betts was 
promoted R.O.M.S. (22.9.16). Three weeks later Wilkes returned and was then transferred 
to the Regimental Depot (S.A.). 



On September 2<>th, Captains Anderson and Cuningham luft to return to South Africa, 
(he former to take over command of the Depot at \\oltcniade III., and the latter to take 
command of a company at the Depot and bring them forward at ono-. 

In September, at Morogoro, the following subalterns reo-ived their c.i]>iainr\ : Lieutenant 
D. \V. Robertson (21.9.16) vice Major Durham, transferred to Depot (S.A.); Lieutenant K. 
Burger (21.9.16) vice Captain Cunningham to Political Department. Lieutenants j. E. Dennison 
and ]. H. Tandy (27.9.1!)) vice Captains Anderson and Cuningham, transferred to Depot (S.A.i, 
and at the same time C.S.M. (ireenhead (1338) \vas tran-f'rnd to King'-, Alriran Rill.--. 
Captains Dennison, Burger and Tandy became 2nd in command of " A," " B" and " D" 
companies, respectively. 

On September 3Oth, Staff Sergeant R. Akehurst (1438) (European) was transferred to the 
A.P.M.'s staff at Morogoro and became gaoler there. On October mtli Corporal R. A. 
Thompson (3695) was transferred to us from 5th S.A.H. and became 2nd Lieutenant and 
Signalling Officer vice Lieutenant Dennison, promoted. 

At Morogoro, in October, Armourer Sergeant (j. II. Pepper was invalided to the Union, 
and Corporal j. H. van Rooyen (1270) was promoted Sergeant and Acting Armourer. Van 
Rooyen had been trained and received his certificate at the School of Instruction at Morogoro. 
His case furnished on" more proof of the fact that if properly trained the Cape coloured man 
was fully capable of filling all the non-commissioned officers' ranks in the battalion. Indeed, 
this fact had so fully impressed itself on the Commanding Officer that before the end of the 
year he had replaced all the European X.C.O.'s by coloured men, with the exception of the 
R.S.M., R.O.M.S. and Medical Staff Sergeant, those Europeans who had not already been 
invalided back to the Union (quite a number) being transferred to other units. In this 
connection the following promotions went through orders on nth November at Morogoro with 
effect from 18.9.16: 

No. ioi)2 Acting C.S.M. D. Twynham to be C'.S.M. " B " Company. 

No. in Acting C.S.M. \V T. McLeod to be C.S.M. " C " Company, 

No. 152 Acting C.S.M. C. Calvert to be C.S.M. " D " Company ; 

the below-named European N.C.O.'s having been invalided to South Africa and taken on 
strength of our Depot there, viz. : 

No. 1055 C.S.M. Clenncll, , 

No. 1361 S. Sgt. N. O. Harvey, 
S. Sgt. A. d. Sumner ; 


Photo by] II.D.D. 




and the following transferred to tin- Carrier Corps, viz. : 
No. iis.i Staff Sjfi. M. (). Driscoll, 
Staff Sgt. K. K. Scott. 

At Morognn., tin- following officers joined up in connection with the increased establishment 
from four to six double companies which had now been duly authorised, viz : 
Lieutenant H. Walton from S.A.I. Reinforcements (30.10.16). 

Private T. Bain (41121) from qth S.A. Horse and promoted 2nd Lieutenant (30.10.16). 
Lance-Corporal Edgar Stubbs from 6th S.A.I, and promoted 2nd Lieutenant 

Corporal George Horseman (246) from 41)1 S.A. Horse and to lie 2nd Lieutenant 

(14. U.K.). 
Tronpi-r A. K. Bourhill (5.503) from jih S.A. Horse and <o be 2nd Lieutenant 

Private K. H. Browne 1554] from 41)1 S.A. Horse and to be 2nd Lieutenant 


On October 27111 Captain Campbell was invalided to South Africa and Captain Burger 
assumed command of the Machine (am section, of which he continued in command until th- 
battalion was finally demobilised in September, 1910.. 

On the November Captain 11. G. Warr was seconded for employment in the Political 
Department and placed on the Supernumerary list and Lieutenant J. M. Michau received his 
captaincy to complete establishment, and became 2nd in command of " D " Company on 
1.12.16., vice Captain Tandy transferred to 2nd in command " B " Company, vice Captain Burger 
to Machine (inn section. 

During November Lieutenants Arnoti, Alexander and Ldwards and ninety-four other rank- 
were invalided to South Africa. At the beginning of December, 2nd Lieutenant- Wigman an,l 
lleaton were transferred to the Machine Gun section and Lieutenant Gardner was placed in 
charge of ammunition, the Machine Gun section establishment having been increased from 
eight to twelve guns. 

On December loili R.S.M. George Forsythe (1141) left us and Staff Sergeant R. Akehurst 
(1438) returned to us from A. P.M.'- staff at Morogoro and became R.S.M., and Sergeant 
C. A. Ruitei- (132) C.S.M. On December loth, 2nd Lieutenant Howe Browne was appointed 
As-istant Adjutant and on December i^th Lieutenant R. Wilson rejoined from the Koad Corps. 

Photo by] [A. L. Pepper. Cape Town. 


Photo by] 

[S'vJncy Toy/or, Cape Town. 




Railways shown 

I 6r Cape Corpe Ro..l.> 



NW , ,: ssrs&r.rss.,.. 7" % 

/*V ? S - n,p n ,o *' f< 

1 / L 31*0 K n o" 3ft Mo" C'Mync 1 


December, 1916, to March, 1917. 


MAJOR HOY left Morogoro on the afternoon of December uth with " B " 
and " C " Companies and two machine gun sections, in all approximately 
seven hundred and fifty of all ranks. Captains Cowell and Cuningham 
commanded "B" and "C" Companies, respectively. The respective seconds 
in command were Captains Tandy and Dennison. 

The remainder of the battalion, under Lieut. -Colonel Morris, marched out 
of Morogoro in pouring rain on the morning of December I4th, accompanying 
Force Reserve, under Brig. -General P. S. Beves, C.B. 

" A " Company was under Major Durham with Captain Robertson as 
second in command. 

Captain Robinson commanded " D " Company and Captain Michau was 
his second in command. All ranks of the battalion numbered over fifteen 
hundred, or with porters, native servants, etc., about seventeen hundred. 

With the exception of two or three who were provided with Abyssinian 
mules all officers were on foot. Horses could not exist in the Rufiji River 

Our transport consisted of A.T. carts drawn by mules and donkeys. These 
were utilised as far as Kissaki. From there animal transport became impossible 
owing to the bad roads and unhealthy nature of the country. Mechanical 
transport was also out of the question south of Kissa"ki, and man power (native 
porters) became the sole means of conveying munitions, rations, etc. 

Although our six double company establishment had been authorised in 
November, the necessary reorganisation was not possible before we left Morogoro, 
owing to the non-arrival in time of sufficient officers from the depot, and the 
four companies therefore marched out of Morogoro each about three hundred 
to three hundred and twenty-five strong. 

The battalion, in fact, never at any time during its career went into action 
more than four companies strong, the two extra companies, when formed later 
on, remaining in reserve in our various depots, first at Morogoro, afterwards at 
Kimberley (March to July, 1918) and -finally in Kgypt and Palestine (August, 
1918, to May, 1919). 

The route taken from Morogoro to the Rufiji River was practically due south 
to Kissaki, via Summit, Tulo, Dutumi and Dakawa. 

Captain Dennison was left at Tulo with Lieutenants White and Bain and 
one hundred and forty-four riflemen of " C " Company on December iSth, with 
instructions to hold that post, which he took over from Major James of the 
29th Punjabis. 

The rain which began on leaving Morogoro continued with few and brief 
fine intervals until the battalion straggled back to that place towards the end 
of March a weary and fever-stricken remnant of the proud regiment that had 
marched out full of hope of high endeavour three months earlier. 

STORY OK Till-: isi CAI'I-: CORPS. 

Photos by \ 




Photos by] 

'"n CRACK CAME Suet, 




K IV .McXf.n., S A.M.C., AT 




Tin: Ri'\\ r KI\"KR. 


Major Hoy reached Dutumi on the evening of December igth and the next 
day took over from Lieut. -Colonel R. A. Lyall of the Kashmir Rifles, who had 
been in that position for some weeks and had contrived to keep the place out of 
sight of the enemy's guns. Duties there were strenuous. Fires wer,e not per- 
missible and special arrangements had to be made by night to feed those on 
outpost duty. \Ve had two held guns and, though we were subjected to con- 
tinuous sniping and shelling, the enemy did not succeed in locating our camp 
or the guns. 

Christmas day was spent at Dutumi, where dinner consisted of bully beef 
and biscuits, and none too much of that. 

It rained all day and the following day, on which the battalion left Dutumi 
at 5.30 a.m., leaving Major Durham with six hundred men of " C " and " D " 
Companies to garrison that place, and reached Dakawa five hours later. There 
Captain Cuningham took command of " A " Company vice Major Durham. 

Here a patrol, under Lieutenant Murchie, exchanged shots wth the enemy 
at Kwahongo, in which Sergeant M. J. Abrahams (;,iS) was severely wounded. 

For three days we rested, waiting for our Forces to take up their respective 
positions, and then, on December ;,oth, made an early morning march into 
Kissaki, where we learned the dispositions for the coming offensive and the 
objective aimed at, namely, the ejection of the enemy from his trenches on 
the Mgeta River and the seizure of the passages of the Rufiji River. 

On December 3th, Captain Jardine, from Morogoro, joined Major Durham 
at Dutumi as second in command, and the same day the following casualties 
occurred during skirmishes there, vi/. : 

Killed : Private A. Harts (1369). 

Wounded: Private A. Cornelius (80), dangerous; Corporal C. J. Petersen 
(1129), severely. 

On Old Year's Day Lieut. -Colonel Lyall with the 4th Column, consisting 
of a Nigerian battalion with two 2.95 inch guns, and the 2nd Kashmiris, 
was lying at Kiruru ; Force Reserve, under Hrig.-( .eneral Bcves, at Kissaki; 
the 2nd Brigade, under Brig. -('eneral S. H. Sheppard, D.S.O., at Dakawa and 
Kissaki ; and the Nigerian Brigade, under Brig.-( '.eneral F. H. B. Cunliffe, 
C.B.. C.M.C,., at Dutumi. That night a portion of Sheppard's brigade was 
sent forward to execute a tactical Hanking movement in the direction of Wiransi. 
At 4 a.m. on New Year's Day, Beves crossed the Mgeta River and at daybreak 
the Nigerians commenced to move southwards. 

The (i.O.C. directed and controlled operations from an observation post 
on Dutumi Hill. 

The burning of the huts at Kiruru by Lyall at 7.30 a.m. on New Year's 
Day was the signal for everyone to engage the enemy, and everyone did so 
successfully. Sheppard got in with the bayonet on the north bank of the 
Wiransi River, and the Baluchis and Punjabis greatly enjoyed .themselves, as 
they disturbed the enemy at breakfast and at the end of the day were happy 
and heavy with loot. The Nigerians, backed up by the Howitzer battery and 
15-pounders and 4.1 inch naval guns, rushed their positions, whilst L5'all cut 
the enemy's line of retreat and captured a h inch Howitzer at Kiderengwa. 

Our 4.1 inch naval guns opened on the enemy position at Dutumi at n a.m. 
the same morning. 

Force Reserve were not in action that day, but the next day moved on a 
few miles beyond Kirengwc, whilst Lyall pushed on from Kiderengwa to 
Beho-Beho-Kwa-Mahinda and Sheppard was in action at Wiransi. 

On January ist our forces captured a number of European and Askari 
prisoners and a quantity of very useful loot. The hospital hut at Wiransi was in 
our hands and the German graveyard told its tale of European loss by fever. 



On. COKIS ir mi. Krnji KIVEK, J4NU*KY, 1917. 

(A captured Photo.) 




At Kwa Mahincla, Sheppard and Lyall joined forces on January 2nd and 
advanced south to Beho-Beho-Tchogowali, where tliey became heavily engaged. 
Here it was that Captain Frederick Courtenay Selous, the great African hunter 
and explorer, was killed on his O5th birthday, gallantly leading his company 
of the 25th Royal Fusiliers, and there he lies buried under a tamarind tree with 
a few gallant members of the Legion of Frontiersmen. 

On the afternoon of that day Sheppard and Lyall were held up at Kibam- 
lia\\e, and the G.O.C. accordingly instructed Beves, who had already marched 
ten miles that day, to push on a flying column to force a passage of the Rufiji 
River higher up at Makalinso. For this enterprise Lieut. -Colonel Morris was 
ordered to take five hundred men of his battalion, a section of the ist Kashmir 
Mountain Battery, the Faridkot (Indian) Pioneers, four machine guns and six 
Berthon collapsible boats, the whole column being led by scouts under the famous 
Major Pretorius, D.S.O. This officer had been a trader and hunter in German 
East Africa for some time before the war. He had a farm close to Xyakisiki and 
therefore knew well every inch of this particular area. He had very quickly 
made a name as the greatest scout on the British side and earned the U.S.O. 
A few months earlier at Morogoro he had organised and trained the African 
Scouts Battalion who were composed of Askari captured from the enemy. 

The flying column moved off at 2 p.m., January 2nd, and marched for 
twelve hours without a halt. 

It is difficult to relate with sufficient realism the details of that march, 
-specially the latter part of it in complete darkness, the strain of cutting and 
clearing a road for the guns, the sweating porters straggling along under the 
weight of the boats three of them reeled out of the ranks and dropped dead 
by the roadside the ceaseless vigilance exercised by the scouts, the instant 
readiness of the machine gunners and porters, the absence of lights, smoking or 

At 2 a.m. (srd January) the column had covered close on thirty miles and 
an hour's halt was called within three miles of the crossing at Makalinso which 
Pretorius reported that he thought was held by the enemy. It was accordingly 
decided to cross two and a half miles west at Kipenio. Just as dawn broke the 
river bank was reached and the column dug in at once, the guns were posted 
and the Berthon boats rapidly assembled under cover of the forest. 

Kach boat carried a rower and two men. Lieutenant Harris was detailed 
to take the first party of twelve men across, having with him in his boat Sergeant 
Wilkinson (1253) and Private Bird (51). 

There was great anxiety and tension as it was impossible in the half light 
to see if the enemy was entrenched and waiting for us on the south bank, and a 
few riile shots would have sunk a boat. However, the rapidity of the forced 
march had evidently surprised the enemy, who was unsuspicious of our presence 
so near. The first boat got across safely and the two passengers scrambled out 
and up the bank and dug themselves in as quietly and rapidly as possible, while 
the rower rushed his boat back for another load. 

This operation was repeated in absolute silence until the whole detachment 
was across and dug in on the south bank. 

It should be mentioned that before the first boat was launched Pretorius 
deliberately rode along the bank to draw the enemy's fire if he were there, and 
the mountain guns were concealed in the bush covering the opposite bank and 
ready to plaster the enemy with shell if he opened fire. 

By 7 a. m.^Lieut. -Colonel Morris was able to report by wire to the Brigadier 
that his whole column was across and entrenched on the south bank of the 
river. The column had marched thirty-one miles, carried the boats, dragged 
the guns, cut the road, laid a telephone wire as they advanced, crossed the river 
ind dug themselves in on the far side in seventeen hours. This was the. biggest 



marching feat performed in East Africa up to that time (the Cape Corps excelled 
it themselves more than once later on) and brought a congratulatory wire from 
the G.O.C. to Lieut. -Colonel Morris: "On your brilliant achievement," whilst 
Renter's correspondent wrote : " The Cape Corps are a credit to South Africa, 
and particularly to Cape Town." 

When across the river our signallers rendered valuable assistance by tapping 
the enemy's telephone connections which helped greatly in locating their various 

Brig. -General Beves then moved up slowly and camped on the north bank 
of the river opposite us, where Captain Robertson had been left with one 

During the first night in this camp a herd of hippopotami charged through 
our camp causing much excitement and alarm, it being at first thought that the 
enemy had surprised us. They did little damage except to stampede our 
cattle who cleared into the bush and only three or four out of a couple of dozen 
were recovered. This was a very serious loss as our meat ration was already 

The following evening information was received that the enemy was sill' 
picketing the Makalinso Crossing, so at midnight Captain Cuningham, with . 
Lieutenants Harris and James and one hundred men, was sent to attack 
them. This they successfully accomplished, killing, wounding or capturing the 
lot six Europeans, thirty Askaris, and a large number of porters without 
suffering any casualties themselves. They reached the enemy post at dawn 
and before they were observed had actually crept up close enough to see the 
Hun officers walking about in their pyjamas and having baths. Our men got 
in with the bayonet to their great delight, and created an absolute panic. Major 
Pretorius led and guided the above party. 

On January 7th Beves, with Force Reserve, crossed at Kipenio. 

Von I.ettow was still holding up Sheppard's brigade at Kibambawe anil sent 
a force to attack Beves on the south bank at Makalinso. But he was defeated 
and driven off by the nth S.A. Infantry, under Lieut. -Colonel Molyneux, sup- 
ported by the ist Kashmir Mountain Battery, who pumped shells into the enemy 
with such telling effect that in a couple of hours he was compelled to evacuate 
his position and retire eastward along the river. 

The 6th S.A.I.'s casualties were only one killed and a few wounded. 

The Cape Corps, after their strenuous work of the past few days, were held 
in reserve, being detailed to protect the flanks of the nth S.A.I., and did not 
come into action that day. 

Force Reserve were then ordered to return to our original crossing at 
Kipenio, west of Makalinso, which became known as Morris' Crossing. 

On January sth, Major Pretorius' scouts had captured a large quantity of 
medical stores and telephone equipment on the south bank of the river. 

Sheppard's fight at Kibambawe lasted two days (January 7th and Sthl. 
His own camp was on the north bank of the river, where he had two field guns 
taken from the enemy, one, the howitzer, captured by Lyall near Kiruru and 
another found abandoned. 

A battery of S.A. Field Artillery, under Major Gordon Grey (later D.S.O., 
M.C.), was supporting Sheppard. The latter's camp was under rifle and 
machine gun fire from the south bank, and a party who had managed to cross 
the river had to resist a determined attack by the enemy, who had evidently 
rallied and had brought up two field guns. 

On January oth, the whole force was camped on the south bank of the 
river, except two hundred and fifty of the Cape Corps, under Captain Robertson, 
on the .north bank. 



Thus, in little more than a week of wonderfully precise and effective opera- 
tions, we had driven the enemy out of his strong positions on the Mgeta River, 
inflicted heavy casualties upon him and captured much valuable loot and medical 
stores. After an advance of thirty-five miles on a thirty mile front we had 
installed ourselves, with very light casualties, upon the south bank of the 
Rufiji and forced the enemy to retire south and east. 

This was the last operation under the personal command of Lieut. -General 
Smuts and was remarkable for its swiftness, complete effectiveness and certainty, 
and for its strategic importance. It was a pity that Smuts could not remain to 
finish off Von Lettow and his gallant army, but he was needed for more impor- 
tant work elsewhere ; so, having delayed his departure to the last moment in 
order to carry the campaign as far as possible, he handed over to ^Major-General 
A. R. Hoskins, C.M.G., D.S.O., and returned to South Africa. 

On January zoth, Major Durham brought up his two companies from 
Dutumi, and Captain Jardine took over the command from Captain Robertson 
of the detachment on the north bank. The battalion then got a week's much 
needed rest. On January I3th, Private H. de Goede (2958) died of wounds 
(accidental) at Dutumi. 

The enemy did a good deal of mine laying about this time, but Major 
Pretorius soon afterwards stalked and captured the chief culprit with all his 
murderous impedimenta. 

On January i7th, the Nigerians who had arrived two days before via Kipenio 
were in action at Mkindu and at 6.30 a.m. that day Lieut. -Colonel Morris with a 
column marched out from Mkalinso to assist the Nigerians by attacking the 
enemy position at Mpangas in order to enable Sheppard's brigade to cross at 

The column consisted of twenty-nine officers, six hundred and eighty-five 
other ranks and six machine guns of ist Cape Corps, ist Kashmir Mountain 
Battery, a cable section, and a section of 2nd S.A. Field Ambulance, with neces- 
sary porters, etc. 

Captain Jardine was left with a detachment of the Cape Corps to garrison 

On the night of the i"th and i8th we had a very trying march over the 
Hame escarpment, great difficulty being experienced in getting the mountain 
guns, the cable section and the loaded porters down the escarpment. A detour 
occupying several hours had to be made in order to get into position to attack 
Mpangas from the south. 

During the morning of the iSth, contact was effected with the i3oth Baluchis 
(Sheppard's brigade). 

At daybreak on Janunary igth Major Durham was sent from Kibambawe 
with "A" Company and two machine guns and half a Kashmir Battery to attack 
the enemy post at Nyakisiki which the main force had evacuated, retiring south 
towards Utete. 

The remainder of the Cape Corps, under Lieut. -Colonel Morris, proceeded to 
Mkindu at 10.30 a.m. on the igth to reinforce the Nigerians. From there we 
could hear Durham engaging the enemy towards Nyakisiki. In the afternoon 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris was instructed to attack Kibongo, four miles further on 
and about three miles south-east of Mkindu towards I.uhembero, with a force 
consisting of three companies of the Cape Corps (four hundred and twenty-eight 
rifles and four machine guns) under Major Hoy, the 2nd Nigerians under Major 
T'niacke, and two Kashmir mountain guns under Major Cole. 

We marched at 4.30 a.m. (January 2Oth) and at dawn bumped into the 
enemy, estimated about eight hundred strong, who were on the move to attack 



Photo by] [Sydney Taylor, Cafe Town. 


l'im ITI: 11 G, KOI.BEE do;:;), SERGEANT M.u-Tiinins 

Photo by] l'/.adik & Co., Cafe Town. 


Photo by] 


MAJOR I' E r.Ku>srocK, n.s.o., M.C. AND 



the Nigerian brigade. The Cape Corps were leading and detailed to open the 
attack. Within live minutes a very hot engagement was in progress, our men 
going into action in great style. 

The Cape Corps deployed in bush formation; two platoons each of " B " and 
" C " Companies were in advance under Lieutenants Bain, Youart, Harris and 
Stubbs. Lieutenants Rackstraw and Ashley, each with a platoon of " D " 
Company, were on the left and right flanks, respectively. 

Captain Burger and Lieutenant Heaton each with two machine guns, sup- 
ported the right and left flanks, respectively. Captain Bradstock was in charge 
of the firing line and Captain Robinson in support with two platoons of " D " 
Company (Lieutenants Cloke and Haytonj. 

The 2nd Nigerians were in reserve. 

After advancing about one thousand yards we forced the enemy to evacuate 
his front line ; continuing to advance we attacked the enemy's second line 
trenches, about three hundred rifles and four machine guns, with their left 
resting on a small hill, entrenched. Both sections of our machine guns and the 
mountain guns now came into action, and we strengthened our flanks in anti- 
cipation of the usual attack on them. This was done none too soon, a deter- 
mined attack on the right being driven off. During this Ashley was severely 
wounded and some casualties took place amongst the men. Hayton then took 
over the right flank whilst Cloke reinforced the left, which was extended by 
Rackstraw's platoon being brought into line, and was also strengthened by 
Vickers guns just in time to defeat a determined attack from that side, in which 
we lost two killed and several wounded. 

The action became very hot and general between nine and ten o'clock 
when the advance was ordered, and Captain Burger sent Hayton with a 
section of his platoon to attack the hill which was the pivot of the enemy's 
position. Hayton succeeded, and Burger's guns and the remainder of " B " 
Company were at once rushed on to the hill and dug in under hot fire. The 
enemy were now reinforced and twice counter-attacked strongly but were driven 
off with the aid of the mountain guns. 

Captain Bradstock was severely wounded in organising the position on the 
hill, the defence of which was then handed over to Captain Robinson, whilst 
Captain Tandy took charge of the firing line. 

When the two platoons of " D " Company in support had been thrown in 
to assist in the defence of the hill a company of the 2nd Nigerians was sent to 
Major Hoy to act in the support line. 

The last enemy counter-attack was driven off at 11.45 a.m., and by 12.20 
p.m. the new line was completed. 

As all our men had now been in action for several hours Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris asked for reinforcements. 

The ist Nigerians, who had made an excellent march the previous night, 
were at dawn across the road by which the enemy opposing us were expected to 

Information was then received by Brig. -General Cunliffe that the enemy 
opposing Lieut. -Colonel Morris had been reinforced, and he accordingly ordered 
the latter to dig in and sit tight, and at the same time sent the ist Nigerians to 
attack the ene'my from their left rear. 

The latter were, however, already retiring and escaped the Nigerians by 
clearing in a south-westerly direction through the bush. 

Bv 13.30 hours the Nigerians had joined forces with Lieut. -Colonel Morris. 

At sixteen hours the ist Nigerians were left to hold the ground won 
and the 2nd Nigerians and the Cape Corps returned to camp at Mkindu, having 
been in action eleven hours throughout a very hot day. 

We drove the enemy off three different ridges during the day. 




There was no water, same having to be brought up from three miles back 
in chaguls (canvas water bags) by porters. Our casualties were four men 
killed and two officers and eight men wounded, of whom two subsequently 
died. Lieutenant Allen (I.D.J was also killed. 

(TU4), (Medicals). 


Private C. Allison (3142). 
Private J. Franks (2039). 
Private J. Gedukl (271.3). 
Private Z. Frans (2552). 


Captain F. K. Bradstock. 
Lieutenant S. Ashley. 
Private A. Jacobs (2143), severely. 
Private J. Langeveldt (1279). 
Private D. Poole (2370), severely. 
Private C. Peterson (2388), slightly. 
Private A. \V. Philander (2593). slightly. 
Private A. Paulsen (820), severely. 

Died oj Wounds. 

Sergeant J. P. Tcmbe (1966). :i; 
Lance-Corporal J. Bredenkamp (1859).} 
*At Mkindu, 22.1.17. 
lAt Morogoro, 20.2.17. 

Throughout this action the men behaved splendidly, in fact it was our 
first chance, the great opportunity that for twelve months past we had lived 
for. Lieut. -Colonel Morris had an anxious clay, as we were up against a 
much superior force. But he had his reward on return to camp. Wires of 
congratulation came from the Brigadier (Bcves) and from the nth S.A.I., and 
the G.O.C. expressed himself as greatly pleased. 

Brig. -General Cunliffe specially asked that the burial of our dead might 
be delayed until he could be present, and next day (January 2ist) attended with 
all the Nigerian officers, and after the funeral asked our O.C. to parade the 
men away from the graveside in order that he might personally congratulate and 
compliment them on their bravery and morale under fire. 

The enemy's casualties must have been very heavy, but were unknown to 
us. They always buried their dead when time permitted, if not, carried them 
and the wounded away. 

Captain Bradstock and Captain McNeil (S.A.M.C.) received the Military 
Cross for their good work that day. Captains NcNiel and Earp-Jones (Padre) 
and Sergeant Cairns (medicals) went into action under heavy machine gun fire 
in order to evacuate the wounded. Sergeant Cairns (1144) received the Military 
Medal, as did also Private le Brun (1179), machine gunner. 

The Machine Gun section, under Captain Burger, was much in evidence 
throughout the day and Captain Burger was highly pleased with the residt of 
his men's first real test in action. Others who did excellent work that day 
were Corporals Stemmers (1148) and Fredericks (829) of the medical section, 
and Sergeant Johaar (160) of the machine gunners. 

Captain Earp-Jones' good work was by no means confined to this particular 
day, not to any other particular day, week or month, for that matter. For three 
years he was always on the spot when \ve were " on the job," helping the 
wounded, carrying equipment or rifles of sick men, and making himself generallv 
useful as only a padre can. 



A few days later the Nigerians attacked the enemy further south, and by 
brilliant work gained their, objective and captured two machine guns. Their 
own casualties were light, but being over keen they pursued the retreating 
enemy and bumped into a vigorous counter attack from which they suffered 
severely, their losses in officers and European warrant officers and N.C.O.'s 
being very heavy. 

Meanwhile, Major Durham with "A" Company and two machine guns 
and supported by two field guns of the Kashmir Mountain Battery, had been in 
difficulties at Nyakisiki. He was sniped at directly he left Kibambawe (January 
igth) and this continued all the way, until shortly before reaching Nyakisiki 
he was heavily attacked by superior numbers. He could not dislodge the enemy, 
so sent for reinforcements and hung on till next morning. During the night 
help arrived from Sheppard in the shape of men from the isoth Baluchis and 
3Oth Punjabis, and with their aid and with the assistance of the two naval guns 
(4.1 inch) from Kibambawe, which participated in the attack at fourteen thousand 
yards range, Durham advanced and reached his objective, the enemy retreating 

A valuable capture here was a Base Hospital, well equipped with medical 
comforts, etc., which were most useful as we were very short of those as well 
as rations and other necessaries. 

In the hospital were five German ladies (nurses), sixteen German whites, 
and about two hundred blacks sick and wounded. 

Major Durham's casualties during this scrap were : 
Wounded : Private N. Hendricks (1460). 
Private J. Crewe (2884). 
Private J. September (1612). 

Having received orders to keep in touch with the enemy at all costs, Major 
Durham sent out Captain Robertson on January 2ist with a platoon, and 
Lieutenant Wigman with two machine guns to reconnoitre. Robertson re- 
established touch with the enemy about two miles east of Nyakisiki and then 
returned to camp. 

Lieutenant Feetham was then sent out with forty men to maintain touch 
with the enemy and to take up a position as a night post, and Captain Robertson 
with seventy-five men and a machine gun supported him. Feetham sent back 
three men to report, one of whom, Private W. Trantrall ^1197) was killed by a 

On January 24th Lieut. -Colonel Morris' force returned to Kibambawe. 

Durham was then instructed to advance from Nyakisiki towards Loge Loge, 
but as the result of an aeroplane reconnaissance report, was told to return to 
Nyakisiki. This was lucky for him as the next day an intelligence report 
stated that the camp he had vacated the previous night had been heavily fired 
on. He then remained and garrisoned Nyakisiki. 

During the advance on the last named place Sergeant Schoor (480) parti- 
cularly distinguished himself as N.C.O. in charge of skirmishers. He did 
valuable work in locating the enemy and thus prevented his party being out- 
flanked. He also dug up several road mines at night, for which he received 
the personal congratulations of Sheppard. Later on Schoor got the D.C.M. for 
other good work. 

The rains were now very heavy and continuous and greatly restricted 
operations during the next two weeks, which will be chiefly remembered for 
the number of fever cases, men being admitted to hospital at the rate of thirty 
or forty per day. 

On January 26th, Captain Jardine with Lieutenants Murchie, Stanford, 
Walton, Coates, Wilson and Potgieter and one hundred and sixty-two men, 






reached Kibambawe from Makalinso and Lieutenant Bain returned to that place 
with a party escorting naval motor launches. On January 2/th the 6th S.A. 
Infantry returned to Kibambawe. 

On January, Captain Jardine left Kibambawe to reinforce Major 
Durham at Nyakisiki, taking with him Lieutenant Stanford and a platoon of 
'' A " Company. 

At Nyakisiki Captain Jardine took command of " A " Company having with 
him Lieutenants Stanford, Hallier, James and Feetham. 

At the end of January Sheppard's brigade received orders to return to 
Morogoro, leaving the Nigerians (Brig. -General CunliffeJ and Force Reserve 
(Brig. -General Beves) to continue the campaign. 

On February ist, Captain Jardine prepared an aviation landing ground at 
Nyakisiki. (Captain \Yaller landed with the first aeroplane in this aerodrome 
a week later and incidentally broke his propeller in alighting.) 

On February 4th a German officer came in to Nyakisiki under a white flag 
to report that Captains Bridgman and Moon, R.N.A.S., had come down in the 
Ruliji River. The former was drowned and the German officer handed over his 
watch and other personal property. His body was later on removed and 
re-interred at Zanzibar. 

On February 4th, Captain Robinson with one hundred and sixty men crossed 
to Hie north bank of the river with the African Scouts Battalion, under Major 
Montgomery, to endeavour to mop up a roving party of the enemy. They found 
the difficulty of getting through the swamps so great that they returned to camp 
on learning that the enemy had evacuated the post. 

On February 6th, the G.O.C. and Brig. -General Sheppard arrived at 
Nyakisiki to inspect our camp and defences there. 

On February yth the 6th S.A. Infantry left for Morogoro and South Africa 
to be disbanded, and Beves' brigade now consisted of the 3oth Punjabis and 

The rains now became so heavy and persistent that all idea of continuing 
active operations for the present had to be abandoned and Force Reserve were 
ordered to move to the only bit of high ground in the vicinity, at Mpangas, and 
to dig in and build bandas and make themselves as comfortable as might be 
there for the rainy season. Mpangas was surrounded by water on three sides, 
but its proximity to the river bank was important as supplies were then coming 
down the river on motor boats brought by road to Makalinso from Mikesse on 
the Central Railway. 

If drier than the surrounding country Mpangas was no less dominated by 
mosquitos, Tsetse and blue flies, and in fact outside the nether regions it would 
not be easy to find a more undesirable place in which to exist. 

Fever and dysentery were now causing such havoc in our ranks that our 
C.O. obtained permission to send all the worst cases back to Morogoro to 
recuperate, and accordingly on February gth Major Hoy left with Captain 
Michau, Lieutenants Stanford and Thompson, taking a number of sick with 
him and picking up others en route. 

Major Hoy also took with him details of the 6th S.A.I, and 3oth Punjabis 
and a number of redundant porters. They had a most trying march back to the 
railway owing to continuous rains and lack of rations. The men were as nearly 
starved as men could be. Major Hoy found a detachment at Tschogowali who 
had marched eleven miles (as hospital patients) on half a pound of rice per 
man, and next morning were started on a march of fourteen miles on half a 
biscuit and a cup of milk (tinned of course) per man. 

Another party were started on a march of thirteen miles with no food what- 
ever. After a protest they received two biscuits each. 


There was a most comfortable hospital at Morogoro, the I5th Stationary 
from Gallipoli, which was located just above our old camp on the mountain 
side, and there our sick were most carefully and kindly tended, and, when more 
or less restored to health, handed over to Major Hoy to take further care of. 
By the end of February over a thousand men had gone back to Morogoro and 
less than three hundred were left with Lieut. -Colonel Morris at Mpangas. 

Our depot at Morogoro had been moved across the spruit and the men were 
under canvas again, and, as the heavy rains still continued, experienced much 
discomfort. Major Hoy divided the camp into two sections, fits and unfits. The 
former was much the smaller, consisting chiefly of recent arrivals from South 
Africa and a few who had not been down to the Rufiji. These men were kept 
hard at work training, whilst the larger number of unfits, who were incapable 
of any effort, were merely rested and built up by careful attention to diet, which 
was very necessary after nearly three months' of semi-starvation on the Rufiji. 
The sick parades at Morogoro at that time exceeded one hundred per diem, 
chiefly fever, and a word of praise must be given to Captain Heygate, R.A.M.C., 
for his splendid care and attention. 

On February loth, Major Durham left Nyakisiki for Kibambawe, leaving 
Captain Jardine in charge of the first-named place. Captain Jardine was visited 
next day by Brig. -General Beves who complimented him on his defences, re- 
marking " They are like a bit of Flanders." Captain Jardine obtained per- 
mission from Beves to employ one hundred Shenzis (natives) to remove the bush 
round his camp, and with their aid he cleared a circle giving him a clear field 
of fire of two hundred yards in all directions in case of attack. 

On February i6th the G.O.C. (General Hoskins) again visited Nyakisiki. 
On February aoth, Lieutenants Harris and Cloke arrived at Nyakisiki with 
twenty-five men and a machine gun to reinforce Captain Jardine. Harris 
returned to Kibambawe two days later, and the following day Lieutenant 
Potgieter joined Captain Jardine. The latter was then having an anxious time 
as his spies expected the enemy to attack Nyakisiki in force and their patrols 
were becoming aggressive. 

On February 2ist, the following laconic entry appeared in the Padre's 
diary : " Mpangas, Ash Wednesday : Christmas puddings turned up. Glorious 
dinner ! !" So that if nearly two months late the Christmas cheer was none 
the less appreciated. 

On February 24th our spies reported that an enemy Wangoni company had 
arrived at Tindwas, a few miles lower down the river, and that night the force at 
Nyakisiki stood to arms all night. 

After Major Hoy had left Mpangas things were quiet for some days, but on 
February 24th a report was brought in that about fifty of the enemy were at 
Pretorius' farm, about five miles from Nyakisiki, and that strong reinforce- 
ments were expected. Lieut. -Colonel Morris was accordingly given a column 
consisting of one hundred and fifty Cape Corps, one hundred soth Punjabis, and 
two Kashmir mountain guns, and ordered to clear them out. The column left 
Kibambawe on 25th February, under Major Cole (Kashmiris), Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris and Major Durham going down the river by motor boat. 

On reaching Nyakisiki intelligence was brought in that the enemy had 
been reinforced by three companies and six machine guns and that they intended 
to attack that place at midnight under the impression that it was held by a 
small garrison only. 

Preparations were at once made to attack, but Cole's column was delayed 
by rains and swollen streams and could not get through that night. About 
ten p.m. Captain Youart, Lieutenant Bain and thirty-eight men managed to 
wade or swim through the swamps, thus increasing the garrison to about one 



hundred and fifty. At 4.20 a.m. the garrison stood to arms and when the enemy 
attacked at 4.30 a.m. they met with a very warm reception and were driven off in 
a couple of hours. The enemy's attacking strength was two Wangoni companies, 
the 26th and 27th Schutze Companies and six machine guns. Our casualties 
were two only. 

During this fight our sick who were in hospital were so keen on participating 
that they actually crawled forward into the trenches and took a hand in the game. 

Major Cole got through the swamps a few hours later, and at 11.30 a.m. 
reached Nyakisiki with a company of the 3oth Punjabis, under Captain Wilson. 
Lieutenant Gray and two guns of the Kashmir Mountain Battery and a signal 
section, R.E. 

Meanwhile, Lieut. -Colonel Morris had been ordered to wait for the 2nd 
Nigerians who were being sent down the main road to Nyakisiki to reinforce 

On February 28th, Captain Downes, R.G.A., and Lieutenant Dolier reached 
Nyakisiki with two naval twelve pounders (these guns were ex H.M.S. 
" Pegasus "destroyed a year or more previously by the " Koenigsberg ") and a 
4.5 Howitzer. 

The 2nd Nigerians, under Major Uniacke, reached Nyakisiki on March ist 
and Lieut. -Colonel Morris' column advanced against the enemy at Tindwas at 
2 a.m. next morning, making a wide detour to endeavour to outflank them. 

After a twelve hours non-stop march through very dense and swampy 
country, during which the men were frequently up to their middles in water, 
the column got astride the Matarula road and dug in behind the enemy. The 
Nigerians were meanwhile advancing along the main road to Pretorius' farm. 

The enemy resisted for a while, but, losing some killed and wounded, very 
soon cleared off in all directions through the bush where it was impossible to 
follow them, and leaving behind their killed and wounded. 

The whole column occupied and bivouaced at Tindwas that night, and the 
next day (March 3rd) marched to Pretorius farm and on to Nyakisiki. 

On March 4th the column returned to Mpangas, leaving Captain Jardine 
and his men to follow next day, after handing over the camp at Nyakisiki to the 
3oth Punjabis. 

On March ioth, Captain Robertson with Captains Youart, Earp-Jones, 
Lieutenant Murchie and one hundred and forty unfit men returned to Morogoro, 
leaving only one hundred and fifty-six men in camp at Mpangas with Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris, of whom ninety-four were sick. 

On March I2th the remnant of the battalion, still further depleted by sickness 
during the past two days and numbering little more than one hundred, marched 
out ot Mpangas en route to Morogoro. 

Many men fell out sick by the way, and on March aist Lieut. -Colonel Morris 
marched into Morogoro with seventy half-starved men (five officers and sixty-five 
other ranks), the meagre remanant of a battalion of over fifteen hundred fit 
officers and men who had left for the Rufij'i campaign three months and one week 
earlier. Such were the ravages of disease in the rainy season in the fever and 
dysentery stricken areas of East Africa. 

The past few months proved to be the most strenuous that the battalion 
experienced during their whole four years on active service. Much harder 
marching was in store for us a few months later in the chase after Naumann and 
Zingel, and we saw much heavier fighting in the Lindi area in the following 
November and in Palestine in September, icjiS, but for general hardship and 
discomfort, semi-starvation and the ravages of disease, the Rufiji campaign stood 
alone indeed one questions if any of the millions who took up arms between 



1914 and iQi8 on behalf of the British Empire, endured much greater hardships 
than those who campaigned on the Rufiji River in 1916-17. During the thirteen 
weeks the battalion participated in those operations they were never once on full 
rations, seldom indeed on half rations. Quarter rations, varied by none at all 
many days, was their normal portion. 

The only animal transport ever possible was pack donkeys, and even they 
died in such numbers that they had soon to be abandoned in favour of native 

From Mikesse, on the Central Railway, for a distance of about thirty miles 
to Summit on the top of the plateau overlooking the low country towards the 
Rufiji, mechanical transport was utilised, but the difficulties of those convoys 
were almost beyond description and the Army Service Corps (Mechanical 
Transport) drivers who were responsible for the service were heroes all. Every 
man of them deserved a D.S.O. They had to fight nature in a mood that very 
few who will read these lines have ever experienced and will scarcely believe. 

The cars became stuck up to the tops of the wheels in mud and slush, and 
often had to remain so all night. Frequently the drivers were lifted out of their 
cars by natives and carried back to the nearest clearing station, suffering from 
fever or dysentery, and many of those who managed to force their way through 
with their loads had to be lifted from their cars utterly exhausted and seriously 

From Summit to the river the rations, ammunition, and other war stores were 
conveyed by porters, except of course across the rivers and wider spruits, where 
pontoons and motor launches were employed. The natives were organised into 
squads, and each squad covered a section of approximately six miles. The stores 
were made up into fifty-pound loads, which of course were carried on the head. 
On the return journey the porters carried back the sick and wounded. The 
rations were chiefly bully beef, mealie meal and rice. A few oxen were driven 
down to the river, but had to be slaughtered at once before the tsetse rly killed 
them. The condition of the mealie meal and rice on arrival may better be 
imagined than told. The natives were naked and odoriferous. When resting 
they sat on their loads, which were also, of course, exposed to the pouring rain, 
and consequently reached their destination in a state of ferment, hot and sour. 
But it had to be eaten, the alternative was starvation. On many a day a man's 
ration consisted of two tablespoonsful of rice and the same of mealie meal, on 
many another day less than that or nil. 

When at Mpangas Captain Robinson, who was a first-class shot, was detailed 
for special duty to shoot game for the brigade, several porters being told off to 
assist him to bring in his bag. 

The lot of the poor devils of porters was a completely unenviable one. 
They were by no means robust and vigorous at the best of times. In 
peace their womenfolk performed the bulk of the domestic manual labour. 
Practically naked, they toiled with their loads through torrents of rain, 
slimy, sticky clay and mud often to their middles, and sometimes up to their 
necks in it. They died like flies and more than one provided a meal for a greedy 
" croc " lurking in the swamps. Of the cruelty of it all there could be no twc 
opinions, but the alternative was what ? Such is war : Cui bonof 

Our wounded and grievously sick had an appalling time. The worst cases 
were carried in canvas hammocks, slung on bamboo poles, by the porters who 
staggered, slipped, and stumbled along by day and night. Then a forty or fifty 
mile journey in a motor lorry, jolted and bumped almost to death in an agony 
of suffering. And only the worst could be carried. 



Many with high temperatures and disease wracked frames fit only for the 
softest of beds and the best hospital diet and comforts, dragged their weary 
way on foot one hundred and fifty miles to the railway, endeavouring to eat 
the same hard tack as the fit men, resting and sleeping, or trying to sleep at 
the roadside when and where they could. The task of the medical officer and 
stretcher bearers was not rendered easier by the desire of the men to carry on 
at all hazards. Men in the first stages of dysentery and fever were so keen 
to get on that their N.C.O.'s had to keep a careful watch and force them to 
report sick, and on the march a very careful lookout had to be kept to prevent 
men, often partially paralysed, blind or delirious, from getting into the bush 
to lie down and escape from the sun. That was, of course, fatal as the whole 
column would pass on leaving the man to die of starvation or be taken by lions. 
When a man fell -out on the march his half-section had to be told off to remain 
with him until a passing ambulance or porters could pick him up. 

In standing camps men would be missed when their turn came for duty 
or a move was on, and a search would probably locate them in the bush half 
a mile or more from camp with a temperature of 104 or thereabouts. 

It may be mentioned that the present rainy season was the worst that had 
been experienced for nine years. The Ruliji River rose fifteen feet in places 
and flooded the surrounding country for miles. 

Roads which were dry when we marched to the Rufiji in December were 
so swamped in February and March that native porters were actually taken by 
crocodiles on the roads and hippopotami roamed about in places where two 
months earlier there had been no spoor or other indication that such amphibians 
were to be found there. 

Before the men had been in the Rufiji area long their clothing and boots 
wore out and could not be replaced owing to transport difficulties. Many men 
were in rags, one or two even wearing towels round their middles in lieu of 
shirts or shorts, and the Battalion eventually arrived back at Morogoro in a 
deplorably dilapidated condition. 

It was the intention of the authorities to send the Battalion to join the 
Central Force operating round Bismarckburg and Lake Tanganyika, under 
General Northey, as soon as we had reorganised and recovered sufficiently from 
our Rufiji experiences. Before we were ready for that, however, unexpected 
developments necessitated the retention of our services nearer at hand, and 
from May to the end of September we were engaged in the rounding up and 
capture of small marauding parties of the enemy under Wintgens, Naumann and 
Zingel, who had broken back across the Central Railway and carried on a 
guerilla warfare round Aruscha and Kondoa Irangi. 

Our crossing of the Rufiji River on January 3rd, west of Makalinso, greatly 
disturbed the hippos. They were very curious, particularly a foolish young 
calf which persisted in popping up near the boats, emitted a frightened bellow, 
and disappeared again. The old cow was much perturbed at the antics of her 
young and approached the boats in a distinctly hostile attitude more than once. 
As the river was full of crocodiles as well as hippopotami, the men did not 
altogether enjoy their morning's boating. 

During the period covered by this chapter the following promotions and 
changes in personnel took place : 

R.S.M. Akehurst was invalided back to Morogoro from Dutumi and 
R.Q.M.S. Betts received promotion to fill the vacancy, whilst Staff Sergeant 
Shipp (medicals) became acting R.Q.M.S. Shortly afterwards Betts went to 



hospital and Shipp then became acting R.S.M. also. Lieutenant Howe Browne, 
Assistant Adjutant and A/Q.M.R. had also gone to hospital, so Shipp had a 
tremendous task, in fact in his own words he was Quartermaster-General. But 
whatever his title and however manifold his duties, it must certainly be recorded 
that he carried them out with wonderful cheerfulness, energy and ability. 

Major Cowell left Makalinso on January isth, evacuated to hospital, and 
did not return to the Rufiji River. 

On January aist, Captain Tandy became acting Adjutant (vice Captain 
Bradstock wounded) and retained the appointment, with the exception of one 
or two brief intervals noted below, until he was demobilised in June, 1919. 
Captain Bradstock resumed duty as Adjutant (4.6.17.) but was admitted to 
hospital with a broken ankle on June 24th, and Lieutenant Hoffe then took 
over and held the appointment until his death (23rd September, 1917), where- 
upon Captain Tandy succeeded him and continued to fill the position until his 

Captain Tandy only had three weeks illness during the whole period of 
his field service and got through a tremendous amount of hard and valuable 
work, which in due course earned him the Military Cross and the Belgian Croix 
de Chevalier de 1'ordre de la Couronne. 

Lieutenant J. V. Harris received the vacant Captaincy created later by 
Captain Bradstock's evacuation to South Africa (7.2.17). 

During January and February Captains Cowell and Bradstock (wounded), 
Lieutenants S. Ashley (wounded}, and T. Rose-Innes ; and Lieutenants A. Leslie 
and H. R. Thornton and three hundred and forty-three men were invalided to 
South Africa per hospital ship. 

During the Rufiji campaign disease took toll of from forty-five to fifty 
lives, including those who were invalided back to Morogoro and died there. 
During March five officers and two hundred and ninety-one other ranks were 
invalided to South Africa per hospital ship, and the following officers, viz. : 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris, Captains Robinson, Robertson, Youart and Harris , 
Lieutenants Murchie and Stanford ; Staff Sergeant Shipp ; C.S.M.'s Calvert and 
Ruiters ; C.Q.M.S. Hendricks and twenty-eight other ranks, proceeded on a 
month's leave to the Union on March 23rd. 

Conductor C. F. Abbott (S.A.S.C.) received his commission as 2nd Lieu- 
tenant on March 29th and joined up at Morogoro. Before the end of the year 
he lost his life at Mkungu when in charge of our Stokes Trench Mortars. 

On March soth, Staff Sergeant S. H. Rose-Innes was transferred to us 
from S.A. Field Ambulance and promoted 2nd Lieutenant. On April 3rd, 
Lieutenant Arnott returned from South Africa, bringing with him 2nd Lieutenants 
A. N. Difiord and G. R. Barnard and one hundred and thirty-seven other 
ranks. Difiord and Barnard had received their commission during the same 
week, and it is sad to record that both those fine young officers lost their lives 
in Palestine the next year. 

On April loth, Lieutenant Walter Power came to us from South African 
Infantry Reinforcements. 

On April isth, Private F. P'illies (982) was missing at Morogoro. He was 
never seen nor heard of again and death was accordingly presumed. 

On April i6th, Captain H. G. Warr, who had been acting as Assistant 
Political Officer at Morogoro, returned to regimental duty. 



After the foregoing chapter had been written Von Lettow's book on the East African Campaign from 
the enemy point of view appeared. 

It cannot be said that the author appears always to be strongly imbued with the desire to place 
Truth on a pedestal, unless perchance a more charitable reason may be suggested. Frequent attacks of 
malaria have several times recently been claimed in the criminal courts to have induced loss of memory. 
Vim I<ettow admittedly suffered severely from fever. Possibly when he penned the chapter on the Rufiji 
Kiver operations he was the victim of a bad attack 

For example, he says that our crossing of the river at Kipcnio, west of Makalinso, on January 3rd, 
1^17, did not take him by surprise. The absurdity of such a statement is its own refutation. Our crossing 
would not have been possible had Von I.ettow been aware of pur coming. He was not such a fool as 
to allow several hundred men with machine guns to cross a river in small boats, two in a boat, if he 
could have prevented them. 

Our crossing had serious consequences for the enemy, and Von J.ettow would have at once fully 
realised that if the possibility of our crossing occurred lo him. 

After crossing the river our signallers tapped the enemy's lield telephone wire and gained valuable 
information which enabled us to make considerable captures. Would that have happenedTf Von Lettow 
hail been aware of our whereabouts? Such nonsense is unworthy of .him. 

Further on in the same chapter he savs that our troops reached the Rufiji " exhausted anil unfit for 
further operations." 

The facts with regard to Force He-serve, of which the Cape Corps was one unit, are these. When we 
had established our bridgehead on the south bank of the river at Kipenio we had three days' rations in 
hand and were ready to continue the advance. It was originally intended that Force Reserve should at 
oiu i proceed ea-^t along th' south bank to take the enemy on the flank at Kibanibawe and thus assist 
(.imral Shepnard to cross with his lirigad^ further east. 

This move was delayed owing to the receipt of reports that an enemy force was advancing eastwards 
from the Mahenge area to reinforce Von I.ettow at Kibambawe. There is no doubt that the origin il 
intended move would have been verj' successful. 

The report of enemy movement from Mahenge proved to be unfounded, and Force Reserve advanced 
to attack the enemy and support Sheppard, but found that the former had retired and that the latter Tiad 
crossed the river. 

and finally left them in March in the deadliest swamps of the whole territory, there to stew in their own 
juice through the worst of the rainy season. 

If that was the work of exhausted and unfit troops, it was well for Von Lettow that he was not called 
upon to face fit and fresh troops. 

There are statements in other chapters in Von I.ettow's 1 book which might be controverted did it 
come within the scope of this story to do so 







BY the ist December, 1916, Captain C. E. Stevens had reached Dar-es-Salaam 
from Tanga with a draft en route to join up with the battalion then at 

On arrival at Dar-es-Salaam he assumed command of all Cape Corps details 
in the vicinity (ex hospital, etc.) and was awaiting train accommodation to take 
them to Morogoro. 

At that time application was made by the I.G.C. for three hundred men of 
the battalion to assist in lines of communication duties in the Dar-es-Salaam 
area and also to form the nucleus of a coastal column which was in course of 
organisation. Lieut. -Colonel Morris agreed, with the approval of higher 
authority, that Captain Stevens and his men, with the addition of the requisite 
officers and men from Major Durham's draft which had just arrived from South 
Africa, should be detailed for this duty/ 

Captain Stevens accordingly took command of three hundred men and 
. Major Durham detailed Second-Lieutenants Leslie and Thornton to assist him. 
Duties commenced at once, posts having to be provided at various places on the 
road south to Maneromanga along which an enemy column was moving. 

Captain Stevens remained in charge at Dar-es-Salaam, Thornton was sent to 

No. 3 post about eleven miles south, and Leslie to No. 4 post near Maneromanga. 

Except for a little sniping nothing unusual occurred and at the end of 

December S.A.I, details took over the posts, when a column under Lieut. - 

Colonel N. H. M. Burne, D.S.O., moved south to attack the enemy. 

Captain Stevens' command was then concentrated to form the nucleus of 
a coast column under Major Logan of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. 
This column embarked on H.M.T. " Barjora " on January 5th, 1917, and, 
sailing " under sealed orders," proceeded down the coast to Kissidu, which was 
at that time believed to be held by about two hundred of the enemy. The 
Cape Corps detachment consisted of Captain Stevens, Lieutenants Leslie, 
Thornton and Dormehl, and some three hundred and fifty other ranks, with one 
machine gun. (The last named officer was attached from the S.A.I. Forest 
Cutters section). 

H.M. ships " Challenger " and " Mersey " and three armed whalers accom- 
panied the column to support the landing in case of opposition. On arrival at 
Kissidu Lieutenant Thornton, in charge of a platoon in three boats, was first 
towed in shore by motor launch, but the launch broke down in the breakers 
and the boats remained tossing about in the surf for three hours. 

Lieutenant Dormehl with a platoon then proceeded in open boats, and 
Lieutenant Leslie with eighty other ranks followed in an armed whaler. 
Landing was difficult and dangerous as the surf was very heavy and the men 
had to wade ashore from the boats. The landing was, however, unopposed and 
in due course the whole column managed to reach the shore and occupy the 
evacuated enemy camp. 


Major Logan and Captain Stevens disembarked next morning and at once- 
set up a small naval portable wireless station which enabled communication to 
be established with the gunboats. 

On the following day (January gth) the column was reinforced by the "5th 
Mafia (Arab) Rifles from Zanzibar. 

In the meantime Lieut. -Colonel Burne's column had moved south and a 
week later January isth) orders were issued to Major Logan that a demon- 
stration was to be made against a village named Utchembe, about twenty-eight 
miles from the coast, which was said to be held by the enemy, and patrols were 
sent out to keep in touch with them. Owing to delay in delivery of the orders 
to Major Logan, the same did not reach him until the night before the day on 
which the demonstration was to be made. Captain Stevens with Lieutenants 
Leslie and Kettle (of the British West India Regiment) and one hundred and 
eighty of the Cape Corps and a machine gun were despatched immediately. 

Their orders were to make a demonstration in rear of the enemy's position 
at Mtita, which was to be attacked by a column operating from Massanga at 
three o'clock the same afternoon (January I7th). 

The detachment left camp at 2 a.m. (January I7th), waded through the 
river near camp, and marched right through to Utchembe which was reached 
at 4.30 in the afternoon. No opposition was met with, the enemy having 
evacuated Mtita. 

Captain Stevens occupied and held Utchembe for three days and then 
returned to Kissidu, leaving Leslie with a platoon to hold and patrol the 
Utchembe area. 

Two or three days later Leslie had orders to return to Kissidu and in doing 
so passed through country where British troops had not been seen before. They 
were heartily welcomed by the headmen of the various villages and received 
gifts of fruit, etc. Many headmen accompanied Leslie back to Kissidu in 
order to pay their respects to the "headman" of the column (Major Logan). 

A few days later later Major Logan and Lieutenant Dormehl had un- 
fortunately to be invalided back to Dar-es-Salaam. 

From Kissidu the Cape Corps detachment marched by easy stages inland 
to Massanga which they reached without having encountered the enemy who 
were reported to be retiring on Ngulankulu. 

A naval patrol was then sent to the mouth of the Rufiji River to locate 
certain posts said to be held by the enemy, but as these were found to have 
been evacuated it was decided to divide the column, which now consisted of 
detachments of the Cape Corps and of the Mafia Rifles (under Lieutenant Smith). 

The Cape Corps proceeded to Koge to join Lieut. -Colonel Burne, whilst 
Lieutenant Smith took the Mafia Rifles to the mouth of the Rufiji River. 

From Koge Lieutenant Leslie was evacuated to Dar-es-Salaam sick. 

The day after arrival at Koge the Cape Corps detachment were attached 
to a column under Lieut. -Colonel Willans, D.S.O., which moved out at once 
- to advance against Mpanganya, an island on the Rufiji, at that time strongly held. 
Owing to the swampy nature of the ground progress was very difficult, but 
Mpanganya was eventually reached (February 4th) and the place shelled. The 
result was not known but our fire was not returned. The next day Captain 
Stevens was ordered to return with his men to Kihimbwe, from which place 
patrols were sent out daily. 

On one of these patrols Lieutenant Thornton came upon an enemy stern- 
wheeled steamer moored on the opposite bank of the river. As it was found 
impracticable to attempt the capture of this vessel Captain Stevens took out a 
party of men with a jnachine gun on February 7th to disable her. Fire was 
opened at long range and many hits registered, but the occupants four in 
number so far as could be seen escaped into the bush. 



In the attack on this steamer (named the " Tomondo ") acting-Sergeant 
January (2895) and Corporal Strydom, T. J. (311) did good work. Reports 
afterwards established the fact that the boat had been holed and beached. 

Captain Stevens remained at Kihimbwe from February 6th to March 25th, 
patrolling the surrounding country. This was a most unhealthy job as the 
country was one long swamp and the patrols were always knee-deep or more in 
water, with the result that fever and rheumatism were rife. 

On March 25th the advance was continued south of the river througii 
Killimani to Utete, where Major Leach of the 25th Fusiliers was in command of 
a large area of the country on the banks of the Rufiji. At Killimani Captain 
Stevens commenced a survey of the channel of the river in order to assist in 
piloting our river flotilla to Mpangas, but before he had completed the job he 
was evacuated sick to Dar-es-Salaam. 

Lieutenant Walton took over the detachment from Stevens on April 3rd 
and proceeded to Mpanganya, about sixteen miles further up the river, which 
he garrisoned with forty men for three or four months, during which period 
the detachment was greatly depleted by evacuations to hospital. 

Mpanganya was a big supply depot and large stores of supplies had been 
accumulated there for the service of our forces operating to the south. The 
enemy were reported to be in the vicinity but did not attack the place, which, 
having regard to the immense value and quantity of the stores at stake, appeared 
to shew a great lack of dash and enterprise on their part. 

Captain Wilson, D.S.O., who was the river Transport Officer, moved 
constantly up and down the river in an armed motor launch and probably assisted 
to scare the enemy off. 

Eventually all the stores were removed and Lieutenant Walton then returned 
to Utete with his men and took over command of some sixty of our men who 
had been left there with Major Leach by Captain Stevens. A Sergeant and 
twelve men remained at Mpanganya in a German house converted into a fort. 

Another twelve men were sent up the river to form a post at Upangese. 
About a month later, owing to the continued retirement of the enemy, the river 
posts were abandoned and in August Lieutenant Walton collected his men at 
the two river posts and marched up to Kimambawe. There he crossed the river 
and returned to the central railway via Tulo and Summit and entrained for 
Dodomo, which was then Battalion Headquarters. The men with Walton had 
been seven months on the Rufiji and were greatly debilitated by fever and 
dysentery. A number had to be left behind at every stopping place where 
medical attention was possible and eventually Walton's strength on reaching 
Dodoma was some sixty odd, out of over three hundred who had left Dar-es- 
Salaam with Stevens at the beginning of the year. 




TO JUNE 2isT, 1917. 

BEFORE the next task allotted to the ist Cape Corps is described it is 
necessary, in as few words as possible, to state the then strategical position 
of the British and hostile forces in East Africa at the end of February. 
1917. The enemy had been driven into the south-eastern corner of German 
East Africa, and the British held a line roughly as follows : From Kilwa- 
Kiswani on the coast running in a westerly direction south of the Rufiji River 
to a poiiit north of Mahenge, then north-west to Iringa and south-west through 
Lepembe and Ssongea. 

The line was lightly held by small posts and by the striking forces then 
preparing for a further, and, it was hoped, final advance. 

At the end of February General von Lettow Vorbeck conceived, and 
proceeded to translate into action, a diversion which cost us heavy expenditure 
in personnel and material. He despatched Major Wintgens from the Mahenge 
area with a column variously estimated at from eight hundred to twelve hundred 
rifles, with fifteen to twenty machine guns and two field guns (one pounders), 
with orders to break through the British lines and to invade the territory to 
the north-west. 

The latter area had been cleared by the British and Belgian forces and was 
now held only by political officers and their staffs and by police posts. 

The Hun raiders first moved west and came in contact with Brig. -General 
Northey's Force, based on Lake Nyassa. Being roughly handled by a column 
of that Force, Wintgens broke north-east from near Lake Rukwa, followed 
closely by a column of Nyassaland and Rhodesian native troops under Lieut. - 
Colonel Murray, D.S.O. 

The ist Cape Corps were fated to spend the next six months in dealing with 
Wintgens and his command. 

By the ist of April Lieut. -Colonel Morris and a number of officers and men 
had gone on leave to South Africa, and a much larger number of officers and 
men had been invalided to the Union after their Rufiji River hardships. Major 
Hoy was in command of the remnants of the battalion at Morogoro, where officers 
and men were being " nursed " and put through a period of quiet training 
during the lull in active operations. 

Orders were suddenly received early in April that a detachment might be 
required to proceed to Bismarckburg, via Tabora and the Lakes, for service in 
that area. Preparations for that enterprise were well in hand and every possible 
officer and man was being mobilised when that order was substituted by another 
instructing Major Hoy to proceed at once with all availables to Itigi (Kilo 632) 
on the Central Railway, and there to report to Lieut. -Colonel P. H. Dyke, 
D.S.O., commanding rsoth Baluchis, who had been appointed O.C. operations 
against the enemy raiders. 

On April i7th Major Hoy left Morogoro with a detachment of four hundred 
rifles and four machine guns. The detachment was organised into two companies 
under Captains Arnott and Hallier respectively. The other officers ~n 


the " stunt " were Lieutenants Bain, Guest, Hayton, Heaton, Horseman, Power, 
Stubbs, and 2nd Lieutenants Abbott, Barnard and Difford. Captain Tandy left 
Morogoro a week later to join the detachment as adjutant. The machine guns 
were under Lieutenants Guest and Heaton. 

Two days after arrival at Itigi Major Hoy with his No. i company under 
Captain Arnott went " on safari " to the south-west, en route to Kiromo about 
ninety miles distant. 

They formed the nucleus of the Kiromo column, which a few weeks later 
came under the personal command of Lieut. -Colonel P. H. Dyke, D.S.O. 
Kiromo was reached on April 27th after a very trying march, the water being 
frequently up to the men's knees (it was the middle of the big rains), but not 
a man fell out sick by the way. 

At this time Wintgens was travelling in a north-easterly direction closely 
followed by Lieut. -Colonel Murray, whose column did some splendid marching. 

The i/6th K.A.R. (late African Scouts Battalion), under Major Montgomery, 
M.C., were already holding Kitunda Mission, about forty miles to the south-west. 
The African Scouts Battalion were Askari captured from the enemy and trained 
by Major Pretorius, the famous scout, at Morogoro towards the end of 1916. A 
story was current at the time that an N.C.O. of the battalion deserted to the 
enemy with the nominal roll. This greatly alarmed the men, as they anticipated 
that they would be hung if re-captured. 

Major Hoy's orders were to deny the enemy access to the Kiromo area, 
where food was plentiful, and, if opportunity arose, to strike. An immediate 
attempt was made to effect communication with Montgomery. That was not 
successful, and on April 24th it was learned that he had evacuated Kitunda and 
retired towards Sikonge Mission in the direction of Tabora. 

The second company of the Cape Corps under Captain Hallier, accompanied 
by a section of B/I2O Indian Field Ambulance under Captain H. H. King, 
I. M.S., reached Kiromo on April 3oth. (Note. Our own medical officer, 
Captain McNeil, and his staff were busy looking after our own sick at 

Captain Tandy reached Kiromo a day or two after Captain Hallier 's 
company. He marched down from Itigi to Kiromo with two men and about ten 
machine gun porters, and escorted a ration convoy of about two hundred and 
fifty pack donkeys. These donkeys, like those we had later on in the Lindi area, 
were, to employ a vulgarism, " the absolute bally limit." 

Five donkeys were allocated to each native driver. The loads were placed 
in nets with large meshes and then lifted on to the pack saddles. The drivers 
could not pack or adjust the loads properly. When one donkey dropped his load 
and was having it adjusted all the others would stand and gaze and each in turn 
would drop his load. Before the first trek it took a whole morning to get the 
packs loaded. 

Brig. -General W.F. S. Edwards, D.S.O., I.G.C., now took charge of the 
operations against Wintgens and made his headquarters at Tabora. 

At Kiromo a number of important bura buras (improved paths) met from 
the surrounding districts, affording us moderately good going south-west to 
Kitunda, west to Kwa Madereka (where the paths intersected the bura bura 
Kitunda-Tabora) , south-east towards Kidete, north-east towards Saranda, and 
north towards Itigi. 

Kiromo was thoroughly entrenched and organised for defence by Major 
Hoy, and he also threw out strong fixed patrols with orders to scout in the 
direction of possible hostile approach. In that work every assistance was 
rendered by the local natives, the Wanyamwezi, the largest tribe in East Africa, 
hardy, brave, and the best porters in the country. 



Photo by] [J.H.T. 

Captain Stradling, Carrier Corps. Captain H. II. King, I. M.S. 

Photo by] [}. G. Horsfall, Cafe Town. 




During the first week or two at Kiromo numbers of the men went down 
with fever, and outpost duties were found with much difficulty. 

Kiromo was in touch by wire with Lieut. -Colonel Dyke at Itigi and the 
wire was extended under the protection of our patrols towards Kitunda. Giraffe 
caused much trouble by constantly damaging the wires, and the regular 
maintenance of communication in the circumstances reflected great credit upon 
the linemen. 

Our intelligence agents furnished us with daily reports, and as our column 
was the means of communication with Lieut. -Colonel Murray, it was no 
uncommon sight to see Major Hoy and Captain Tandy busy at midnight 
decyphering code telegrams. In fact our daily code work during the chasing of 
\Vintgens, Naumann, and Zingel, described in the two succeeding chapters, was 
greater than during the whole of the. remainder of the life of the ist Cape Corps. 

Major Hoy wished to occupy Kitunda, fearing that the enemy would do so 
on hearing that Major Montgomery had evacuated the place, but was ordered 
not to leave Kiromo. About the iath May news was received from our patrols 
that the enemy were approaching Kitunda and on the isth they occupied the 
mission there. By this time the men were benefitting from the better climate, 
which was much less enervating than Morogoro, and fever became less of a 
handicap. Captain King was unremitting in his care and everyone was made 
to build himself a sleeping shelter over his trench. The food, too, was excellent, 
fresh meat and vegetables being readily procurable from the natives. 

The country round Kiromo was parklike and very pretty. The natives were 
prosperous and their cattle and crops in fine condition. As soon as the men 
had shaken off the fever some good, steady work was done at Kiromo. A 
bayonet fighting course was fixed up and much useful practice obtained. 

After remaining at Kitunda a few days Wintgens evacuated the mission 
again, moved north- west, 'and entrenched himself on the bank of the Ruhawa 
River. He left some British prisoners from Northey's force and eight of his own 
men sick at Kitunda, and sent a note asking Major Hoy to send for them. A 
Red Cross party under Lieutenant Power accordingly went out and returned 
three days later with the patients and prisoners. 

Touch was now gained with Lieut. -Colonel Murray, who reported that he 
was ready to attack the enemy at Ruhawa River, and would do so if it did not 
interfere with General Edwards' plans. Major Hoy at once asked permission to 
close in, but was not allowed to do so as it was feared that the enemy might 
'break away and back to Kiromo. If Murray had been allowed to attack, supported 
by Major Hoy, it is quite possible that Wintgens would have been dealt a very 
effective knock. The enemy seemed to be of % that opinion as they quickly 
evacuated their position and moved north to Sikonge Mission, and Murray then 
occupied Kitunda Mission, whence he eventually rejoined his own Force 
(Northey's), and Brig. -General Edwards was left to deal with Wintgens. 

About this time a troop of K. A. R.M.I, under Lieutenant Kelly joined Major 
Hoy to assist in patrol work, and on May aoth Lieut. -Colonel P. H. Dyke, 
D.S.O., arrived at Kiromo with two hundred rifles of the 3oth Punjabis and took 
command there, and that Force became known as Dyke's Column. 

About May i5th Major Hoy was instructed to clear a site for an aerodrome 
and work was commenced at once east of Kiromo Village. The job was 
completed after ten days' hard graft and with the assistance of the -?oth Punjabis, 
but the aerodrome was never used as the enemy cleared north, evidently bent on 
crossing the Central Railway. 

Shortly after Dyke had assumed command Major Wintgens was captured by 
a Belgian patrol near Gombe. He was ill and with a hospital party, having 
separated from his command in order not to delay them. Wintgens was taken a 



prisoner to Tabora and his late command devolved upon Ober-Lieut. Naumann, 
his adjutant. 

On May 26th the Cape Corps detachment was ordered to proceed from 
Kiromo towards Itigi, but at their first camp after leaving Kiromo were 
instructed to make a forced march to Ikuru-Kwa-wamba which was reached at 
5 p.m. on May 28th. 

At eight o'clock that night a wire was received from Dyke, who had gone on 
to Itigi, enquiring how soon Major Hoy could reach Kilo 699, on the Central 
Railway, some thirty miles distant. After a study of the map a reply was sent : 
"About noon the day after to-morrow." The detachment marched at dawn 
next morning, moving along the old slave route in a north-westerly direction, 
and reached their destination within half an hour of the appointed time. The 
men had marched eighty miles from Kiromo in four days and finished fit, strong, 
and smiling. Only one man a malaria chronic fell out on the march, notwith- 
standing intense tropical heat, meagre rations,' and very rough going over old 
elephant tracks. 

From Kilo 699 the detachment entrained at once for Malongwe, where they 
were destined to remain several weeks. 

Naumann and his force broke across the Central Railway two miles west of 
Malongwe (Kilo 737) about two days before we reached there, and had gone 
north. The Cape Corps detachment could not at once be made use of to follow 
owing to a shortage of porters. 

Naumann was being closely followed by a battalion of the Nigerians to whom 
two detachments of the Cape Corps, under Lieutenant Stubbs and and Lieutenant 
Abbot escorted ration convoys. That involved a total march of two hundred and 
fifty miles to the Sibiti River and back, which was accomplished without a single 
man falling out. 

Naumann succeeded in getting away from the Nigerians, and Lieut. -Colonel 
Dyke, who hurried out with another column from Tabora, just missed inter- 
cepting him owing to receiving" wrong information deliberately given by natives. 
Having administered a knock to the Belgians, Naumann made himself scarce 
and was next heard of making north-east with Aruscha as his evident objective. 

Major Hoy was appointed Post-Commandant at Malongwe and was en- 
trusted with the organisation and despatch of the ration convoys to our troops 
who had followed Naumann northwards. Lions were numerous round Malongwe 
and forced us to keep very much on the alert. 

On June 2ist, Major Hoy was ordered to take his detachment back to our 
depot at Morogoro where at the station he met Lieut. -Colonel Morris who had 
just arrived from South Africa with a large draft. 

Three weeks later Lieut. -Colonel Morris with half the battalion left Morogoro 
for Aruscha via Dar-es-Salaam and Kilindini to go in pursuit of Naumann, 
whose capture he eventually accomplished at the end of September after the 
strenuous chase described in the next chapter. 

Officers and men who did good work during the period embraced by this 
chapter were : 

Captain H. H. King, I. M.S. 

Captain Stradling, M.C., Carrier Corps, who was in charge of our porters. 

Lieutenant Horseman who did splendid work in disciplining our 

porters and instilling into them a knowledge of camp sanitation. 
C.Q.M.S. Davids, J. L. (97) who acted as detachment Quartermaster. 
Sergeant Alies, J. H. (825) and his signallers who were the medium 
for the transmission of all messages and did exceptionally well, 
particularly Private Drury, F. (1272) (later killed in action 8th 
November, 1917). 



Whilst at Malongwe, before returning to Morogoro, Hoy's detachment were 
able to fraternise with the Belgian battalions stationed there, and an excellent 
spirit of cameraderie very soon existed between our officers and those of the 
Belgian Force. Major Bataillc, who was in command of our Allies, was a keen 
soldier whose Force later on did excellent work in the advance on Mahenge. 

Plioto by] IJ.H.T. 


On.i'NEl. I'. II. I)VKK, I) SI I . 

M.C., DN ms I.LTT. 



1 06 



(vide Map page io8J. 

EARLY in July, 1917, the enemy force under Ober-Lt. Naumami mentioned in 
the previous chapter, was reported to be making for Aruscha. The object 
was clearly to create a diversion, do as much damage as possible, embarrass 
the G.O.C. by forcing him to detach a large force to round them up, and to 
string out long and expensive lines of communication. The enemy's strength 
was on July ist said to be about eight hundred rifles and fourteen machine guns. 

The Cape Corps was one unit selected to go in pursuit and subsequent 
events were to prove that the G.O.C.'s confidence in us was not misplaced. 

On July loth, Lieut. -Colonel Morris received orders at Morogoro to select 
five hundred picked men and proceed at once to Dar-es-Salaam. The ordet 
was received at 8 p.m. to entrain at midnight. The station was two and a half 
miles distant and very little transport was available to convey officers' and men^ 
kit, ammunition, etc., to the station. But promptly at midnight the half 
battalion, consisting of the fittest men of "A," "B" and "C" companies. 
left Morogoro. The actual marching out state was twenty officers, five hundred 
and twenty-six other ranks, one hundred and nine machine gun porters, twenty- 
seven stretcher bearers and other followers and four machine guns. 

On arrival at Dar-es-Salaam, Lieut. -Colonel Morris was ordered to proceed 
at once to Mombasa, entrain for Moshi and from there march at once to meet 
the enemy, and at all costs prevent him from captxiring Aruscha. 

Dar-es-Salaam was reached at q a.m. on nth July, and six hours later 
the Cape Corps .accompanied by a medical unit known as B/iso Indian Field 
Ambulance, under Captain H. H. King, embarked on H.M.T. "Tuna." 

Kilindini was reached at 10.30 a.m. July I2th. During the voyage Private- 
Fredericks, M. (3191) was washed overboard and drowned. 

At Mombasa we were issued with five motor cars to carry out rations, etc. 
and entrained in the afternoon for Moshi via Taveta, where our C.O. had in- 
structions to enroll his own porters. 

At Taveta it was found that the railway was being repaired so the train 
was taken for Sanja River, but at Weru Went Bridge the engine became derailed 
and toppled over a bank, injuring a few men slightly. The track was destroyed, 
and as it was not possible for the train to proceed to Railhead at Sanja, a shunting 
engine was procured and the train taken back to Moshi, where two days were 
spent in collecting porters and completing the necessary organisation. 

On the morning of July isth, Major Cowell marched out to Aruscha with 
"A" company, and in the afternoon "C" company, under Captain Tandy, 
entrained for Sania River Railhead, which was reached the same evening. Here 
Captain G. Botha, S.A.S.C., was left to establish a supply depot for Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris' column. Lieutenant Feetham was also left at Sanja River with 
fifteen men to establish a Rest Camp for the column, to take charge of the camp 
at Sanji River, and also to act as a guard over the Supply Depot. 

[Note. The subsequent movements of Lieutenant Feetham and his men 
are recorded at the end of this chapter, indc page 122.] 


fen own Th 
l" r C.lJ'O Corpt- Roul 
Enemy Ro,.t 


Period isth July to ist October, 1917. 

1 08 


The next morning " C " company set out to march to Aruscha. Their 
guide took them in exactly the contrary direction and, although much ques- 
tioned, persisted that he was right. He was replaced by a porter who knew 
the way and "C" company joined "A" company at Magi ya Chai and the 
whole column reached Aruscha thirty-six miles on July iSth. 

Fifteen miles out of Aruscha the District Political Officer, Major Browne, 
reported to Lieut. -Colonel Morris as his Intelligence officer. The officers with 
our C.O. on this "stunt " were : Major Cowell (2nd in command), Captains 
Harris ("A" company), Tandy and Arnott (" C >: company), Lieutenants 
Stanford, Cloke, Feetham, Stubbs and Pillans ("A" company); T. P. Rose- 
Innes, Heaton, Barnard and Potgieter (" C " company) ; S. H. Rose-Innes 
(A/Q.M.R.), Thompson (signalling officer), Botha and Guest (machine guns), 
and Captain McNeil (M.O.). 

The first duty on arrival at Aruscha was to reorganise the defences as 

thoroughly as possible. Information was then received to the effect that the 

. enemy were in the neighbourhood, but on learning that Aruscha was strongly 

held had passed down the eastern side of Lake Manyara, through Madukant, 

past Masagaloda, and were making south in the direction of Kondoa Irangi. 

We therefore made for Kondoa Irangi via Lol Kissale and Ufiome. At 
Lol Kissale the water supply was put in order. On arrival at Kondoa Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris came under the command of Lieut. -Colonel P. H. Dyke (i3Oth 
Baluchis) who had been placed in charge of all operations north of the Central 
Railuay. Lieut. -Colonel Dyke made Dodoma his headquarters. Kondoa was 
reached on August 6th and the column hurried on at once via Heneti Swamp to 
Tisso-Kwa-Meda, the enemy having already passed that place travelling east. 
Kondoa Irangi \\ as held by Lieutenant A. Difford and forty men who had been 
sent up from Dodoma. Our sick and footsore men were left with him and his 
fittest men taken to replace them. Later on Lieutenant Difford handed over to 
Captain Anioit and joined up with the column. 

Our first march from Kondoa was twenty-one miles without a halt to the 
nearest water. After passing Masagaloda the enemy travelled well west of 
Kondoa through Kwa-Mtoro, then west to Songoro, south-east to Hawero, and 
east through Chenene, Tisso-Kwa-Meda, Mleha and on to Saisa. At Tisso- 
Kwa-Mcda the K. A. R.M.I., under Captain A. T. Miles, who had been sent 
after Xaumann from Dodoma, and de Jager's scouts, under Major H. de Jager, 
were attached to Lieut. -Colonel Morris' column, and orders were received to form 
a flying column by eliminating all but the fittest men, and to hang on to the 
enemy until they were forced to make a stand. By this time four out of five 
ration cars had broken down and porters had to be utilised, motor despatch 
riders being sent on in advance to warn the next supply dump to have the loads 

At Tisso-Kwa-Meda certain partially trained local native troops, known as 
Ruga-Ruga, were attached to the column as scouts. Two or three were usually 
attached to the advance, flank and rearguards. They got on well with our men 
and seemed to appreciate their position of responsibility, though some no doubt 
hankered after the freer life of an independent scout. 

An all-night maich of twenty-two miles from Tisso-Kwa Meda brought the 
column to a camp near Saisa which the enemy had just left. After a short halt 
we moved on again and the K. A. R.M.I, got into touch with their rearguard. 
At vSaisa the enemy were so hard pressed that they destroyed and abandoned 
two light Hotchkiss pom poms (one pounders) and three machine guns, and 
also left behind large quantities of ammunition. 

From Saisa they continued east to Luita Berg where our column was only 
three hours behind them. Here intelligence was brought in that the enemy 
had split into two parties and had fled in different directions under Naumann 



I'liolos by] IThe Bower Studios, Durban. 


(Acting Adjutant 24/6/17 to 23/9/17). Died at Dodouia, 231-1! 
September, 1917. 

1 IO 


and Zingel, respectively. The last named had the smaller party (about one 
hundred and fifty rifles with necessary followers), but it was eight hours before 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris was able to discover that fact. 

Zingel proceeded south-east towards the Nguru Hills, and Naumann north- 
east towards Handeni. As the whole object of our pursuit was to drive the 
enemy south and across the Central Railway, our C.O. decided to follow 
Naumann and sent a party of K. A. R.M.I., under Lieutenant Batchelor, to keep 
in touch with Zingel, pending the arrival of another Cape Corps flying column, 
under Major Hoy, which was sent out from Dodoma by the O.C. operations 
against Naumann. 

Two hours after leaving Saisa we heard that the enemy had camped thirty- 
five miles east of Luita Berg at Elephant Pool, the only water for many miles 
around. We followed, intending to attack them at once as we also wanted 
that water. After an all night march we arrived at nine in the morning to 
find that the bird had flown an hour earlier, our M.I. getting contact with their 
rearguard. We followed in the afternoon and the M.I. were again in touch. 
Early next morning we were again on the move and at 3 p.m. reached the 
enemy's camp just after they had cleared, leaving freshly cooked food, which 
was very acceptable. 

Xext day we followed close on their heels. Naumann took a circular 
route in the hope of putting us off the trail, and eventually broke off towards 
the Tanga-Moshi railway and took up a very strong position in the mountains, 
slightly to the north of the Kondoa-Handeni road. We had evidently brought 
him to bay, and at Kidschungu v near Talama, we got to grips and after an 
engagement drove them off. Our casualties were two killed and several wounded 
(none of these were Cape Corps men). 

The enemy then bolted north over the Massai Steppe towards Kahe junction. 
At this stage we had marched between one hundred and fifty and one hundred 
and sixty miles through waterless country, in seven days, during the last three 
of which we had outrun our supplies and lived on the country, the nearest depot 
being one hundred miles away. A halt of twenty-four hours was therefore 
called to enable rations to be brought up by motor car from Kondoa Irangi. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris then pointed out to higher authority that the enemy 
had cleared in the direction of our fortified posts at Aruscha, Moshi, and 
Handeni, and also that they could not live long on the country on the Massai 
Steppe. Permission was accordingly given to us to return to Kondoa in order 
to get north of the enemy again. On August 22nd we returned to Kidschungu, 
met our rations, reduced our strength according to orders, and marched back 
to Kondoa. There information was received that the enemy had attacked Kahe, 
captured a train, and then cleared across the Steppe again in the direction of 
I.ol-Kissale, with the apparant intention of making for the Lakes. 

At Kondoa Lieutenant Percy Bredell (S.A.S.C.M.T.) reported for duty with 
fifty Hup cars, which had been sent to increase our mobility. From here 
Captain T. M. Hoffe (adjutant) was sent in by car to Dodoma ill with 
pneumonia, from which unfortunately he never recovered. His loss was a sad 
blow as he was both a very able and a very popular officer. (He died in Dodoma 
hospital on September 23rd.) 

On August 3Oth the column moved on again (north) and, with the assistance 
of the, reached Pienaar's Heights, near L T fiome, next day. " C " company 
marched through from Kondoa to Pienaar's Heights (twenty-seven miles) in 
thirteen hours. There instructions were received to proceed to Lol-Kissale, 
but hearing that an enemy party had crossed the main road at Tarangire, Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris decided to make for Madukant, at the same time sending on 
Major Cowell with a party of eighty men of " C " company in the cars to 
endeavour to effect a surprise. 



'- "C 





:0 ;., 
- -.S 




Ji t> 


H : 

/: .; 








; > 



u _5 



t "" 


; r 


>: ^ 


3 - 

L 1 " Col. Mori-is' Camp. 

Coin..,,, Hl'll.l QuWta 


O N 

O C T O B E 

-The hfi<jW of fhf Hill nl- 

from tin- South 

A .T. M i 

gOOO F<'ot 

,.,,.' I/,/; > 
June S 


Major Co well reached Madukant by moonlight about three hours after the 
enemy. The latter opened fire and our men got out of the cars to reply, but 
the enemy bolted and the cars could not follow owing to bad roads.. Had his 
guide had a better knowledge of the country Major Cowell would in all proba- 
bility have effected a coup, but as it was the enemy had the advantage of 
position, being on a flanking kopje with machine guns covering the road. 
Responsibilty for the cars also handicapped Major Cowell, and without them 
he was immobile, having only four porters to carry the machine guns. 

This enemy party, under one Broeckmann, did not attempt to return to 
the main body under Naumann, but cleared northward over the mountains by 
forced marches towards Lake Manyara. They were in a badly disorganised state 
and would have lost all their porters, who endeavoured to escape during the 
brush with Major Cowell's party but were prevented by the Wambugwe natives 
at Madukant who attacked them and forced them to return to Broeckmann 
This party subsequently surrendered to the K..A.R. on October loth at Umbulu, 
in the Aruscha neighbourhood, about fifteen miles south-west of Lake Manyara, 
where Captatin F. J. Bagshawe, late of ours, now D.P.O. Aruscha, helped to 
effect their surrender. 

Major Cowell received instructions to wait for the remainder of our column, 
which then entered Madukant (September 3rd). An unconfirmed report was 
brought in that Naumann was also making for the same place but, probably 
hearing that we were in possession, he cleared south towards Dodoma. \Ve fol- 
lowed to Kondoa where instructions were received to proceed to Kibaya. Here 
it should be noted that early in September Lieut. -Colonel Dyke was given com- 
mand of Force Reserve at Kilwa, and handed over the control of the operations 
against Naumann about September 6th at Dodoma to Colonel Tytler (Indian 
Army) . 

It was expected that the enemy would make for Handeni and arrangements 
were made to follow them by car. The intention was to push forward a hundred 
men in cars for some distance, and whilst the cars returned for another hundred, 
the forward party carried on by marching, and so on until the whole column 
was concentrated at Handeni. Captain Harris took the first hundred men and 
Major Cowell the second. 

Meanwhile Lieut. -Colonel Morris proceeded by car to Dodoma to discuss 
the situation with Colonel J H. Breytenbach (late O.C. loth S.A. Horse) who had 
taken over charge of all operations north of the Central Railway from Colonel 
Tytler. The result of the " council of war " was that it was agreed that 
Captain Harris with half a company should occupy Kibaya and that the 
remainder of the column should concentrate at Tisso-Kwa-Meda in anticipation 
of a break back by the enemy towards the Massai Steppe. 

Whilst at Dodoma Li cut. -Colonel Morris 'heard that the enemy were making 
for the water at Saisa near Luita Berg. Instructions were therefore sent out 
by despatch riders to Captain Harris and to Major Cowell who was following 
him, to turn south at once and try to reach the water first, heading the enemy 
off. Harris who had left Kondoa on rgth September was now forty miles from 
that place and Major Cowell twenty. The latter did a splendid forced march 
of eighty miles in three days and got round to the west of Luita Berg. Mean- 
while the roth S.A.H. under Lieut. -Colonel Threlfell (since deceased) had been 
sent out from Dodoma and came up towards the south side of Luita where they 
exchanged shots with the enemy's patrols and outposts. 

About the same time Captain Harris crossed the nek between the eastern 
and western kopjes of Luita Berg and made for the waterhole at the eastern 
end. Before he had gained his objective, however, he was ambushed. The 
enemy allowed his men to pass and then opened with machire guns on his porters 
in the rear. The result was a panic amongst the latter who dropped their loads 



Photo by] IJ.H.T. 



1'lioto by] 

[I. nli- Major \V. R. Coivell. 

;\n-I.n:rT. R. A THCMI-SHX (SII;N\U.!N(, nina-Kt (.-.KTTIM; ix rm 


1 15 


and bolted, losing all their ammunition, rations and kits. Harris at once turned 
back and, after a gallant skirmish which lasted some hours, and in which his 
men behaved splendidly, got his wounded safely away and recaptured every- 
thing, except the officers' kits which was subsequently burned by Xaumann the 
night before he surrendered. 

The officers with Captain Harris that day were Lieutenants Stanford, Botha, 
Stubbs and A. Difford. When subsequently asked if he could name any of 
them for especially good work, Captain Harris' reply was, in effect, that it \\as 
a case of primus inter pares : (consequently no one got mentioned). 

Our casualties in this affair were : 
Wounded : 

Private Jaftha, J. (1320) seriously. 
Private Peters, T, (3424) severely. 
Private Klink, G. (3431) slight. 
Also seventeen porters killed or wounded. 

When Major Cowell arrived at Luita he was ordered to drive the enemy 
off the western on to the eastern kopje, which he duly did. 

Meanwhile, Lieut. -Colcnel Morris had returned from Dodoma to Tisso- 
Kwa-Meda, where, on the 22nd .September, he learned of Harris' encounter the 
previous day. He accordingly proceeded with the remainder of his column 
with all speed, via Mleha (along the excellent road constructed by Major Cadi/., 
D.P.O., Dodoma) to Saisa. 

Our column had now been increased by the arrival of the 4th /4th K.A.R., 
under Lieut. -Colonel Lilley, from Hnndeni, and two squadrons loth S.A.H. 
from Dodoma, whilst the Cape Corps, which had been reduced to about two 
hundred and fifty owing to men gone sick and footsore, etc., gained an accession 
in strength by the timely arrival of Major Bradstock with one hundred reinforce- 

On September 2Qth, Major Hoy and Captain Cuningham joined up from 

There now seemed for the first time a real probability that Xaumann was 
at last thoroughly cornered and would require all his skill not inconsiderable 
and a good deal of luck to extricate himself. 

The enemy were entrenched on the eastern slope of Luita Berg, and by 
continually moving the ioth S.A.H. on the north and the K. A. R.M.I, on the 
south side of the mountain, Lieut. -Colonel Morris held them to their position 
until the arrival of reinforcements from Dodoma. He was also able to reduce 
his original perimeter of thirty miles to half of that, as well as to strengthen 
the cordon, which on .September 3Oth was complete, with all troops in very 
close touch. The whole perimeter was connected by telephone, thanks to soiue 
very hard work, in which Lieutenant Ambler, R.K. (signals) assisted. 

Our dispositions at this time were as follows : Lieut. -Colonel Morris' head 
quarters on the southern side of the Xek between the two kopjes, with the 
K. A. R.M.I, and de Jager's scouts in reserve to the south ; Cape Corps under 
Major Bradstock. south; 4th /4th K.A.R., east; loth S.A.H., north; Cape 
Corps under Major Hoy, west. 

The 24th Indian Mountain Battery, which had reinforced us from Dodoma 
and been held in reserve for a few days, shelled the enemy's position In -in 
September 2;th to 3oth. Xaumann afterwards admitted to two killed, fourteen 
wounded and several porter casualties as a result of this shelling, and also that 
he had to dig in under fire and was without food for forty-eight hours. 
Everybody was now kept fully on the qui vivc, patrolling their allotted fronts day 
and night, and under orders to exercise the utmost vigilance to prevent the 
enemy breaking through. The water supply was a most difficult proposition 



as every drop required had to be brought some ten to twelve miles from Saisa 
by porters carrying it in chaguls or paraffin tins, which had been sent out 
from Dodoma for the purpose. 

On September 3Oth the Cape Corps on the western perimeter seized the 
Spitz Kop on the western end of the enemy's hill and patrolled right up to 
the " machine gun point " where the enemy had very strongly fortified a 
shoulder of ground with a Boma (fence) and machine guns. Captain Harris 
took command here and dug in right across the hill. 

The height of Luita Berg was about two thousand feet, of which the top 
was two hundred feet of sheer precipice. The distance round the eastern kopje 
was about twelve miles. The enemy held the only path to the water at the 
eastern end, which Captain Harris had failed to reach. 

The main road along the southern slopes of the Berg was held by the 
enemy and we had to cut a path by compass through dense thorn bush between 
the Cape Corps and the K.A.R. and for communication between the various 
attacking units. Paths had also to be cut through the bush in towards the hill 
to enable us to attack. 

A general attack had been planned to take place at 9 p.m. on September 
3oth, but two hours before that time Naumann sent down an envoy under the 
white flag to negotiate with a view to surrender. 

A 4.5 inch Howitzer arrived from Dodoma on September 3oth, but be fore- 
it could be brought into action Naumann's envoy had arrived and Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris at once sent a reply by Captain Wilson, D.S.O., and wired for Colonel 
Breytenbach to come out from Dodoma. 

At 10 a.m. on October ist, Lieut. -Colonel Morris received Naumann, who 
capitulated, and on the following day his force came down the mountain and 
surrendered. Their strength was fifteen Europeans, one hundred and sixty-five 
Askari, about four hundred porters, fifty head of oxen and a few donkeys. 

Colonel Breytenbach was present at our headquarters at the surrender, but 
refused to take same, saying that as Morris had done all the hard work, he 
should have the honour of the victory. 

A copy of Naumann's letter to Lieut. -Colonel Morris and translation of the 
same is subjoined to this chapter. 

The European prisoners were taken into Dodoma by car, under escort 
of the loth S.A.H., and the Askari were inarched in under the ciceronage of the 
Cape Corps and then railed to Tabor a for internment. 

Naumann had chosen Luita Berg for his final stand on account of the dense 
bush and the lack of water for miles around. In two and a half months our 
column had covered over eleven hundred miles, three-fourths of it on foot. 
The health of the force had been on the whole excellent, with the exception 
of a certain amount of recurrent fever and a good many sore feet, as was to 
have been expected. The keenness and determination of all ranks concerned 
in the chase contributed materially to its successful termination. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris received the C.M.G. as his awatd for the thoroughly 
satisfactory manner in which he had disposed of Naumann and his marauders. 

The surrounding natives, whose loyalty had been very marked, greatly 
welcomed the capture. As may well be imagined they had been considerably 

In Lieut. -Colonel Morris' report " to higher authority " on the operations, 
the following passage is worthy of quotation : 

" I was much impressed with the equipment of the German Askari, 

who carried no weight. Each man had an attendant porter, who also was 

not over-loaded, and every man had his own light portable tent. I am 

sure that these are factors which kept the Askari fit and enabled him to 

march so extraordinarily well, and I consider that my own Infantry did 


Photos t>v] 






LT.-Coi.oxKi. MORRIS AT I.vrr\ 







Photo by) L/.H.T. 


WALKER (3132). 



wonderfully well in holding on with such heavy equipment as they were 
burdened with." 

Uur men's packs, with spare clothing and rations, their ammunition and 
rifles, etc., weighed in all (including clothing worn on the person) over fifty 

The following officers and other ranks were brought to the notice of higher 
authority by Lieut. -Colonel Morris for good work done in these operations: 
Lieut. -Colonel Lilley, 4/4 K.A.R. 
Lieut. -Colonel Threliell, iotli S.A.H. 
Major Browne, I). P.O., Aruscha. 
Major Brett, D.P.O., Kondoa Irangi. 
Captain H. P. Creswell, D.A.D.M.L. 
Captain Bresler, loth S.A.H. 
Captain H. H. King, 6/120 I.F.A. 
Captain A. T. Miles, K.A.R. M.I. 
Lieutenant G. Kelly, K.A.R. M.I. 
Lieutenant Batchelor, K.A.R. M.I. 
Lieutenant Malan, loth S.A.H. 

Lieutenant P. Bredell, O.C. Hup Convoy, S.A.S.C.M.T. 
Lieutenant Ambler, R.K. (Signals). 
Lieutenant Hamman (I.D.) 
Lieutenant B.Rosen, M.D. Riders. 
5853 Sergeant J. W. Houitt, M.L.B. 
2090 Acting Sergeant C. G. Brooke, E.A.M.T.C. 
Corporal T. J. Hanna, M.L.B. 
4101 Lance-Corporal Jama Awad, K.A.R. M.I. 
3603 Driver G. J. Smith, S.A.S.C. (M.T.) 
Major \V. R. Cowell, ist Cape Corps. 
Captain J. H. Tandy, ist Cape Corps. 
Captain J. V. Harris, ist Cape Corps. 

> Corporal I*. Schroeder, ist Cane Corps) recommended for prompt 
S2d Corporal H. J. Fredericks, do. awards. 

2<xj Lance-Corporal J. Ruiters, do. 

Captain Miles and Lieutenants Batchelor, Hamman and Percy Bredell (of 

Boksburg) subsequently received their reward in the shape of a Military Cross. 

Major Browne and Lieutenant Hamman, our Intelligence officers, did excei-- 

tionaly good work throughout the operations, and Major Brett, D.P.O. (Kondoa 

Irangi)., also lent valuable aid. 

Officers and men of the battalion who received honours and awards in 
connection with these operations were : 
C.M.G. : 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris. 
Diploma Chevalier de 1'ordre de la Couronne (Belgian) : 

Captain Tandy. 
Mentioned in Despatches : 
Captain Harris. 
Captain Tandy. 
Sergeant Alies, J. H. 1825). 
Sergeant February, M. (92). 
a C.S.M. Scullard, J. (1363). 
Military Medal : 

Corporal F. Schroeder (980). 
Corporal H J. Fredericks (820). 
Belgian Decoration Militaire (2nd Class) : 
Corporal Manuel, P. (71). 



1 20 


Photos by] 








C.Q.M.S. Davids, J. (97) and Sergeant Lavita t W. H. (1127) also did very 
good work on this " stunt." 

The Hup convoy did great work, in fact without them it is doubtful if we 
should have succeeded in effecting Naumann's downfall. When not in use to 
transport the troops they assisted by giving the porters and their loads a lift. 
The porters very soon became wise to this and instead of carrying on waited on 
the roadside with their loads on the chance of securing a joy-ride. 

Our porters did splendid work throughout this chase, carrying out their most 
strenuous tasks with grim determination. They were very keen to be in at the 
death and were vastly delighted at the final capture, the only fly in the ointment 
being our failure to capture more cattle. 

Lions caused the column a good deal of trouble and excitement at different 
times. One night at Tisso-Kwa-Meda they got two of our donkeys, and the 
night before the fight at Kidschungu three of them drove in our outposts. Two 
nights later Sergeant Ross and five men, whilst returning to Kondoa, were 
tackled and Private L. Williams (2470) was mauled to death. They had failed 
to keep their night fires burning. Another night a K. A. R.M.I, man on horse 
guard was driven up a tree and had to remain there until morning. 


Copy of a letter addressed by Ober-I,ieut. Naumann to Lieut. -Colonel Morris asking for a conference. 

LUITA, 30 Sept., 1917. 


Ich ersuche Sie mir mitzuteilen, ob Sie damit einverstanden sind, sich mit mir am i. Oktober 
I.J. Zu einer Ihiu-n passenden Zeit icri schlage vor 10 Uhr Vormittag auf der nach Soisa fuehrenden 
Strasse zu eiure rnterrcdung zu trcfFin. Ich bittc ini Falle Hires Einverstaendnisses tlem Uebcrbringcr 
des Schreibens den Ort und die Zeit naeher zu bezeichnen. 

Der kommandierende Offizier der Deutschen Streitkraefte auf Luitaberg. 

(Sgd.) NAUMANX, 

(Translation of the above.) 

LUITA, 3oth Sept , 1917. 
To the Commanding Ofhcer 
of the British Forces 
at Luita. 

I request you to inform me whether you are agreeable to meet me on the ist of October at 
an hour suitable to your convenience, I propose 10 a.m. on the road leading to Soisa in order 
to have a conference \\iih von. 

I ask you in case you agree to describe to bearer of this letter the location and the time of 
the conterence. 

The O.C. of the German Forces on Luita Berg. 
(Signed) NAUMANN, 

ist Lieutenant. 
(NOTE. Lieut. Colonel Morris' reply to the above was: "No Conference unconditional surrender."] 


(ride page 107). 

When Lieutenant Feetham was left at Sanja River Railhead, a section of 
Indian Field Ambulance (Biao), under Sub-Assistant Surgeon Gupta, was left 
with him to care for the sick. Men discharged from Hospital at Moshi reported 
to Feetham and the fits were sent forward to join the Column. 

On the 2nd August, on orders received from Lieut. -Colonel Morris, Feetham 
left Sanja River for Lol Kissale with a dozen men and two wagons, in order 
to join the Column on its way south. On arrival at Lol Kissale, three days 



later, he was met with a message from Lieut. -Colonel Morris, dated 2nd August, 
reading as follows: "Column proceeding Kondoa, impossible you overtake 
us, collect all men possible, join me Dodoma via Kilindini and Dar-es-Salaam." 
Feetham accordingly returned with wagons to Sanja River, collected about 
seventy men from hospital at Aruscha and elsewhere, and reported to G.H.Q., 
who instructed him to " Move complete to Korogwe." 

The detachment left Sanja River for Korogwe on the i2th August ; strength, 
one officer, sixty-four N.C.O.'s and men, and the Indian Field Ambulance 
Section. Quartermaster-Sergeant Heeger was appointed Acting Sergeant-Major 
of the detachment, and served in that capacity until they rejoined the Battalion 
:it Massassi on November 24th. 

The detachment arrived at Korogwe on the i3th August. 

At Korogwe, Feetham's duties were to take measures to protect the place- 
in case any of Naumann's Force should attack in that direction. He took up 
his quarters on a hill two miles outside the town on the Handeni Road, over- 
looking the road bridge across the Pangani, and sent pickets to two Railway 
bridges in the neighbourhood. Within a few days additional troops (K.A.R.) 
were concentrated at Korogwe, and news came of the engagement between 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris' Column and Naumann at Kidschungu on the Kondoa- 
Handeni road. 

On the 23rd August the detachment left Korogwe for Kahe Bridge, with 
orders to guard the bridge, which had been destroyed by the enemy in their 
retreat more than a year ago, and had just been restored and re-opened for traffic 
after eight months' work. Naumann, after the engagement at Kidschungu, had 
disappeared northwards into the Massai Steppe, and as he was reported to be 
carrying a quantity of dynamite it was expected that he would try and destroy 
railway bridges on the Tanga line, of which Kahe Bridge was the biggest and 
most tempting. 

The strength of the detachment on arrival at Kahe Bridge on August 24th 
was, Cape Corps, one officer, fifty-one N.C.O.'s and men, I.F.A. section and 
thirty-eight porters. On the afternoon of August 28th one of Feetham's patrols 
brought in runners with a message from Lieutenant Hamman, the Intelligence 
Officer who was following up Naumann through the Massai Steppe, to the effect 
that Naumann's Force would arrive on August 2gth or soth at a place about 
15 miles from Aruscha Tschini, and that from there he would send a strong 
patrol to Aruscha Tschini for the purpose of collecting food. This message 
was despatched to G.H.Q., and late that night a detachment of 4/4 K.A.R.'s 
(a recently raised Battalion) under Captain King, was sent up the line to Kahe, 
and Feetham, with thirty Cape Corps, was ordered to accompany two K.A.R. 
platoons, on the morning of the 2gth August, to Aruscha Tschini (about five 
hours' march from KaheJ in order to lie in wait for Naumann's patrol. The 
bulk of this detachment, Lieutenant Stuart with sixty K.A.R. and Feetham 
with twenty Cape Corps, left Kahe early on the morning of the 2gth, Lieutenant 
Stuart, 4 ./4th K.A.R., being in command. Captain King followed up later 
with a baggage guard of ten Cape Corps and ten K.A.R. and porters. 

About two and a half hours' march from Kahe, Stuart's Force, to which 
the twenty Cape Corps under Feetham acted as advance guard, arrived on the 
banks of a tributary of the Pangani, a strong stream about thirty yards wide. 
The question then arose whether to ford the river at that point or to march 
two hours up stream to find a plank bridge, the existence of which was reported 
by local natives. It was decided to cross at the ford. After another two and a 
half hours' march the Cape Corps' advance guard, just as they were at last 
approaching the outskirts of Aruscha Tschini, sighted an enemy picket with 
which they exchanged shots as the picket made a hasty retreat through the bush. 



Photo by\ {Aziz Sf Dores, Alexandria. 


Photo by] [Chas. Leonard, Kimberley. 

SERGEANT (A/C.s.M.) .1. P. CARROLUSSEN (280). 

Photo by] [H. \V. Herman, Kimberley. 

C.Q.M.S. W. H. u VITA (1127). 

Photo by] [Fred Bourne, Cafe Town. 




It was clear that Naumann was in advance of Lieutenant Hamman's time 
table. Cape Corps and K.A.R. scouts were sent out, and it appeared from 
their reports that the enemy was holding Aruscha Tschini in force. Lieutenant 
Stuart, seeing that he had been forestalled and could not carry out the plan 
of lying in wait for the enemy patrol, decided to withdraw ; he was not strong 
enough to attempt the capture of Aruscha Tschini by assault, and the position 
of his small force in the bush, without supplies and some distance from the 
river, was obviously a precarious one. The Cape Corps were ordered to act 
as rearguard during the withdrawal. 

Shortly after the decision to withdraw had been taken, a party of the enemy 
advanced and opened fire on the position which the Cape Corps were holding 
to cover the retreat of the main body. The attack was quickly beaten off 
without casualties on our side. It was subsequently reported by a prisoner that 
the Germans had one white man and three Askaris wounded in this scrap and 
the previous encounter with the picket. The withdrawal was then safely 
accomplished, and Captain King's party were met about a mile and a half from 
the scene of the scrap. 

Captain King then sent out a patrol to find out what the enemy were doing, 
and withdrew the remainder of his men across the river. The ford was re-crossed 
just before nightfall, and the detachment bivouacked for the night close to 
the river on the Kahe side. 

During the night August 2gth/3oth Captain Sims, R.E., arrived from 
Kahe bridge with a Cape Corps' Escort under Sergeant Heeger, and brought 
the news that an enemy party had that afternoon seized Kahe Junction (about 
six miles from Kahe in the direction of Moshi) and captured two trains. As 
Kahe bridge had been left with only a small garrison of sick men Feetham 
marched his Cape Corps men back there early on the morning of the soth, but 
found the enemy had made no attempt on the bridge. Kahe Junction was also 
ascertained to be clear of the enemy. 

Subsequent enquiry shewed that the sequence of events was as follows : 
Naumann, doubtless by night marches, had moved much more rapidly than 
was expected. Instead of reaching on August 2Qth or soth the place about 
a day's march from Aruscha Tschini whence he was to send his patrol 
to that place, he had arrived at Aruscha Tschini himself with his main body late 
on the evening of the 28th. His total force at Aruscha Tschini was reported to 
consist of fifteen Europeans, about two hundred Askaris, and as many porters, 
and he had at least one serviceable maxim. 

Early on the morning of the 29th, when Lieutenant Stuart was starting out 
from. Kahe to Aruscha Tschini, Naumann had sent out from the latter place a 
patrol consisting of four white men and between fifty and sixty Askaris in the 
direction of the railway line. This party took the path by the plank bridge, 
about the time that Stuart's Force crossed the river at the ford. Had Stuart 
happened to choose or to have been guided to the bridge instead of crossing at 
the ford he would almost certainly have met the enemy patrol in the bush, and 
would have been able to stop their game. As it was, in the hide and seek 
conditions of bush warfare, the two parties missed. 

The enemy reached the railway near Kahe Junction, stopped two trains, 
of which they burned one containing bombs and other military stores, killed 
several native passengers, shot the stationmaster at Kahe Junction, captured 
three British officers who were passengers in one of the trains, and also a Cape 
Corps sergeant, Smith, C. J. (3160), (the latter made good his escape the 
same night by slipping away in the bush) and then cleared out again. 
Hearing a garrison was at the bridge they avoided that point, and marched back 
to Aruscha Tschini on the night of the 2Qth, taking the same path by which 
they had come by the plank bridge. 



Early on the morning of the soth, Naumann's whole Force left Aruscha 

The enemy with whom Lieutenant Stuart came into contact on the afternoon 
of the 2Qth was therefore Naumann's main body, less the patrol of sixty which 
had been sent to the railway, a much stronger force than that which Stuart had 
at his disposal. 

While Sergeant Smith was a prisoner, before he was marched off by his 
captors from Kahe Junction, one of the European N.C.O.'s with the German 
Force dealt him a severe blow in the back with the butt of a rifle, which resulted 
in his detention in hospital for some weeks. 

Lieutenant Feetham remained to garrison Kahe Bridge until September i2th, 
when he was relieved by a K.A.R. detachment, and left via Sanja River for 
Aruscha where he arrived on September i5th. His strength, after evacuation of 
sick to hospital at Tanga, was then forty-four other ranks and one F.A. 
section. On arrival at Aruscha practically all the men went down with fever, 
owing to the change to the higher altitude, and Feetham was therefore unable 
to carry out the order received from Lieut. -Colonel Morris to march to Kondoa 
Irangi to rejoin. 

On October loth the detachment left Aruscha via Sanja River for Kilindini. 
It was detained at Kilindini waiting for transport until November isth, when 
it left per H.M.T. " Barjora " for Lindi, where it arrived on November i6th 
strength, one officer, seventy-two rank and file. 

From Lindi the detachment marched inland to Massassi and rejoined the 
Battalion there on November 24th. 

Photo oy\ (i G . Horsfatl. Cafe Town 

CO M.S. p F HEEGER (21) 




(vide map, page 128). 

WHEN Lieut. -Colonel Morris left Morogoro on July loth for Aruscha via 
Dar-es-Salaam in order to go in pursuit of Captain Naumanu, Major Hoy 
was left in command at Morogoro. 

A fortnight later Major Hoy received orders to proceed at once with all fit 
men to Dodoma and from there to co-operate with Lieut. -Colonel Morris' 
column, acting under orders of the O.C. operations against Naumann, Colonel 
P. H. Dyke, D.S.O., whose headquarters were at Dodoma. 

The detachment was known as Cape Corps Column No. 2. They left 
Morogoro by train for Dodoma on July 26th and consisted of " D " Company, 
a composite company of " A," " B," and " C " Company details, under Captain 
Michau, a signal section under Sergeant Alies, four machine guns, and six 
Lewis guns. 

The officers who left Morogoro with Major Hoy were Captains Michau, 
Earp-Jones, Pearse, and Edwards, Lieutenant Horseman, and and Lieutenant 
McNeil, and other ranks numbered three hundred and ninety-three. 

Three days before the detachment left Morogoro Lieutenant Difford had 
been sent with his platoon by rail to Dodoma and thence by motor car (seventy 
miles) to Kondoa Irangi to strengthen the small garrison there. 

On July 24th Captain Burger, Lieutenants Hayton and Howe-Browne, and 
2nd Lieutenant Abbott, with sixty three men, one hundred and eighteen machine- 
gun porters, four Maxim guns, and four Lewis guns, had left Morogoro by rail 
for Dodoma. Lieutenant Howe-Browne was detailed to act as staff officer to 
Colonel Dyke at Dodoma. 

Captain Burger left Dodoma by motor car on July 27th with twelve men, 
thirty-five machine gun porters, and two Maxims to join the garrison at Kondoa 
Irangi, of which he was to assume command. Major Hoy's detachment detrained 
at Dodoma (two hundred and forty miles from Dar-es-Salaam) on July 27th and 
remained there five days, during which period a section of No. 2 S.A. Field 
Ambulance (Captain Ingle and eight other ranks) and Captain Stradling, M.C. 
(Carrier Corps) with some two hundred and fifty porters joned the detachment. 
On July 3ist the detachment entrained for Saranda, seventy miles further 
west. At Saranda considerable work had to be done as the enemy, who were 
active to the north, had cut our communications with Ssingida and Makalama, 
where we had established small posts under the respective political officers. 

Lieutenant Howe-Browne was sent to Ssingida with fifteen men, and thirty- 
seven rank and file to strengthen the post at Makalama. Men unfit to march 
were, of course, selected for those duties. 

The Cape Corps detachments in the Dodoma area were then designated as 
follows : 

Major Hoy's command : Detachment No. 5. 

Captain Burger's command (Kondoa Irangi): Sub-Detachment "A." 

Lieutenant Howe-Browne's command (Ssingida) : Sub-Detachment " B." 


^ ' /V-'" 




Period July 26th 

i Handenl 

Major Hoy, D.S.O., resulting in capture of Lieutenant Zingel's Force. 
2nd, 1917. 


On August ist an enemy patrol, reported as four whites and fifty Askari, 
attacked Lieutenant Howe-Browne's post at Ssingida but were driven off with a 
few casualties. Our casualties were a few porters wounded. 

Whilst at Saranda our railway engines stood always with banked fires ready 
to move at a few minutes' notice, and scouts and patrols were kept continuously 
out to the north, as the enemy were seeking a safe crossing of the railway to 
the south in an endeavour to rejoin their headquarters then at Mahenge. 

At Saranda a motor lorry which had been converted for use on the railway 
was armoured by Lieutenant McNeil with material found in the engine shed 
and with sand bags, and was used for patrolling the line and to take scouts and 
patrols to their jumping-off points. 

Captain Burger with fourteen other ranks and two Maxim guns and thirty- 
five porters joined the detachment at Saranda from Kondoa Irangi on August 
3rd, and on the same day Intelligence Agent Cottar with ten native scouts. He 
left at once by motor car for Songoro and returned in the evening with four 
enemy porters who had deserted. The latter gave information to the effect that 
the enemy's strength was two officers, thirty European other ranks, and three 
hundred Askari with a pom-pom and twelve machine guns. 

On August 4th the detachment was reinforced by the arrival from Dodoma 
of two Indian officers and ninety-five rank and file of the Bharatpur (Indian) 
Infantry. Our strength in porters had at this time been increased to six hundred 
and fifty-five, and our machine gun porters and other African followers to a 
total of one hundred and fifty-six. 

On August 5th Lieutenant Bain joined the detachment from Morogoro with 
two men and thirty-one machine gun porters, and two days later Captain 
Robinson and R.S.M. Betts, who had been on sick leave to South Africa, also 
arrived from Morogoro. 

On August 8th Major Hoy received orders to move to Bahi, where the 
enemy was expected to attempt to cross the line, but later the same evening the 
detachment was ordered to return to Dodoma, where they went into camp and 
remained six days. Whilst there Major Bradstock, Lieutenants Gardner and 
Leslie, 2nd Lieutenants Samuelson and Colson, and forty-four rank and file 
joined up from Morogoro. 

The officers with Major Hoy were now Major Bradstock, Captains Robinson. 
Michau, Pearse, Edwards, and Earp-Jones, Lieutenants Bain, Colson, McNeil, 
Horseman, Gardner, Leslie, Howe-Browne, and Samuelson. Lieutenant Bain, 
who had been sent out from Saranda on August jth by motor car to Mpondo, 
thirty miles north-east, to locate the enemy, returned to Dodoma on August loth. 
He reported that the enemy had shot several natives who had declined to act as 
porters, as well as several old porters who were no longer of any use to them. 
Also that they had carried off numbers of women for immoral purposes and that 
all the natives were escaping to the hills when news of the enemy's approach 
reached them. 

On August 1 3th Lieutenant Bain and eight rank and file left for Kigwe 
station to endeavour to round up a few enemy Askari reported near there, and 
the next day Sergeant Hector left by rail for Gulwe with seventeen other ranks 
and proceeded from there by motor car to garrison Mpapua. 

On August 1 4th Major Hoy's detachment proceeded by rail from Dodoma 
to Kidete, thirty-two and a half miles east, where they remained for three days 
awaiting orders, and meanwhile patrolling the surrounding country. 

During these three days the men lived in the train with banked fires 
maintained on the engine ready for an instant move. 

On August 1 7th orders were received to proceed to Kimamba, thirty-seven 
miles nearer to Morogoro, which was reached the same evening. 



Information had reached Colonel Dyke at this time that Naumann's force 
had broken into two parties, and that Lieutenant Zingel, with the 26th Field 
Company, had left Saisa in a south-easterly direction heading for the Nguru 
Hills, where ample food would be obtainable and in which were many well- 
watered valleys. 

The task of chasing Zingel was delegated to Major Hoy's_ detachment, with 
orders to at all costs prevent him breaking east, and if possible to bring him to 
battle and destroy or capture his whole party. 

Lieutenant Zingel had been District Commissioner at Morogoro under the 
German regime, and it was natural that he should make for a district which he 
knew well and where he expected to be looked up to by the natives. In that, 
however, he was to be greatly disappointed, as the natives helped us in every 
possible way, supplying scouts and porters, cattle and grain. 

Major Hoy's detachment left Kimamba early on August i8th and marched 
all day past Rudewa and on to Kinganga and Kissangata (fourteen miles). 

The strength of the column was ist Cape Corps, sixteen officers, three 
hundred and forty-four rank and file ; one hundred and twenty-three machine 
gun porters and followers ; and S.A. Field Ambulance, one officer, six other 
ranks, thirty-one stretcher-bearers ; Carrier Corps, one officer, one N.C.O., and 
four hundred and eighty-nine porters ; S.A.M.D.R. (motor despatch riders), two; 
S.A.S.C.M.T. (motor car drivers), two. 

On August i gth, shortly before the column reached the Wami River, the 
Akida from Mamboja came in with a following and reported that he had just 
escaped capture and that the enemy had looted and burned his village. He also 
brought information that they were then camped at Mberega. Major Hoy sent 
out native intelligence agents to glean the latest information and made an 
all-night march from Kifwe to Njangalo with the object of attacking, but did 
not succeed in getting touch with the enemy. 

The composite company was sent from Njangalo to Kidete on the Kimamba- 
Kwedihombo road on August 2oth, and the remainder of the column followed 
the next day on orders from Dodoma. 

At Kidete it was learned that the enemy had cleared north on the western 
side of the Ngulu Hills via Talagwe and was threatening to break east through 
Mhondo Mission above Turiani. We followed at once to counter this move, 
" D " Company going forward by motor convoy to Magubugubu and Lieutenant 
Bain being sent forward to act as intelligence agent and glean the latest 

The column reached Mwomero on the 22nd and Kwedihombo on the 23rd, 
having then marched about eighty-four miles in five days. There news was 
received that no sign of the enemy had been seen about Mhondo Mission, and a 
day's much-needed rest ensued, pending receipt of later news from our 
intelligence agents. Meanwhile a supply dump was established at Kwedihombo. 

At midnight information came in that the enemy were at Muscat Mission 
in the hills to the west of Mhondo Mission. At daybreak on the 24th Major 
Bradstock left Kwedihombo with "D" Company (about one hundred and 
twenty-five strong) and four Maxim guns under Lieutenant Abbott for Mhondo 
Mission and at the same time Captain Michau was sent with the composite 
company to Mkundi, a village at the bottom of the valley which practically 
divides the Nguru mountains from north to south. Major Hoy remained at 
Kwedihombo to keep in touch with headquarters at Dodoma and to arrange the 
convoy or rations, etc. Bradstock's orders were to prevent the enemy from 
breaking east and to try to drive them south down the Mkundi Valley into the 
arms of Captain Michau's Company. He was also to endeavour to impress the 
enemy with his strength by arming his porters with sticks and marching them 
with him. 



Captain Michau marched to Nyumi village five miles north of Mkundi, but 
when Major Hoy joined him there he was withdrawn to Mkundi to wait for the 
enemy and Major Hoy returned to Kwedihombo. 

On the morning of the 25th the Nguru Hills were reported clear of the 
enemy and Colonel Dyke ordered Major Hoy to return with his column to 
Morogoro and Major Bradstock was notified to that effect by runner. 

All preparations were completed on the 26th for the return of the detachment 
to the Central Railway, when in the afternoon Major Bradstock reported that 
the enemy had been located in the vicinity of Muscat Mission and that he was 
making dispositions to attack them. Later in the afternoon intelligence was 
received that the enemy were moving south down the Buruma Valley and Major 
Hoy at once wired for permission to continue his operations, which was of course 

Meanwhile Major Bradstock had set out Lieutenant Power with his platoon 
by a steep mountain path leading direct from Mhondo to Muscat, and with the 
remainder of his company proceeded north-east to get round north of the enemy 
and endeavour to drive him south. The enemy, finding Power blocking their 
way from Muscat to Mhondo, cleared west and Bradstock followed to attack. 
He missed the main body by half an hour but came up with and attacked the 
porters and captured thirty of them and their escort, with about one hundred 
loads of ammunition and supplies. The European N.C.O. in charge and two 
Askari were captured, five Askari killed and the remainder dispersed in the 

Bradstock's energetic action left Zingel with very little ammunition or food, 
except livestock, so he headed for Wanjoki, an isolated hill near Sogossa 
Mountain, and, driving his cattle with him, strongly entrenched himself. 

It was obviously not his policy to stand and fight, but equally obviously 
Major Hoy had made the pace such a cracker that he had no alternative but to 
make a stand and hope for the best. 

Bradstock followed the enemy to Wanjoki, but was not strong enough to 
attack or surround him. 

On receipt of this news Major Hoy sent word to Captain Michau to hurry 
on to Nyumi, and followed there himself. At Nyumi on the afternoon of the 
27th Major Hoy, having gleaned a thorough knowledge of the vicinity and 
paths from the local natives, divided his force into two parties. Captain Michau 
was sent with seventy-two riflemen and two Lewis guns to Kilama to the west 
of the hills so that he could drive Zingel back if he attempted to break through 
an opening in the mountains at Tschogowali village to the south-west. 

At the same time Major Hoy, with the remainder of his men, marched 
north up the Mkundi Valley until midnight. Just at sundown Sergeant Dunn 
(1134) captured an enemy Askari who had been one of the enemy convoy escort 
when Major Bradstock attacked them. 

Major Hoy now held the south and west end of the hills and Bradstock 
was instructed to get between the enemy and Muscat Mission to prevent him 
escaping north. 

At dawn on the 28th Major Hoy continued his advance northwards, and 
during the morning came in sight of the enemy's position on Wanjoki, and it 
was decided to surround him that night if possible. 

The column hid in the bush for the rest of the day and moved on again at 
dusk, and at 10 p.m. reached Tschogowali village, where Michau and his men 
rejoined a little later. 

At this time the whole column had been .reduced to little more than three 
hundred rifles, so many men having fallen out with sore feet. The average 
daily march had been from fifteen to eighteen miles through mountainous 


country, over roads so bad that porterage was the only means of transport. 
Even the motor despatch riders had to be substituted by native runners. 
Having outrun his supplies, Major Hoy had to rely on purchases of cattle and 
native corn from the surrounding villages. 

Owing to the smallness of our force for purposes of attack, the most careful 
dispositions had to be made to prevent the enemy from getting through our 
cordon. Major Hoy made a sand map in the dry bed of a stream of the country 
and paths surrounding Wanjoki, as given by our scouts and guides, and in that 
way a very good idea of the terrain was obtained. 

At midnight on the a8th Captain Michau was sent with Lieutenant Leslie 
and fifty men with two Lewis guns to occupy Urandi Nek, south-west of Sogossa 
Hill. Captain Pearse, with thirty-five men, was sent north of Sogossa Hill to 
join up with Bradstock's right and Lieutenant Colson, with a platoon and two 
Lewis guns was sent to Magesula Ridge to block the only path affording a way 
of escape between Michau's right and Bradstock's left. Major Hoy remained at 
Tschogowali to direct operations, having with him only a few sick men and 
our porters. 

By ii a.m. on the 2Qth Captain Michau had seized Urandi Nek after a 
skirmish with the enemy in which he captured four Askari and had three men 

To reach the top of the nek necessitated a very strenuous climb; the men 
had to pull themselves up by the long grass which was very dry and slippery 
and liable to give way ; a false step meant a heavy fall, and one man who took 
a toss was in hospital for some time in consequence. To have got up safely with 
machine guns was some feat and considerably astonished the enemy, who were 
about half a mile distant. They promptly opened fire, to which Michau 
vigorously replied, and, taking cover, held on to the position. 

On the top of the nek twenty enemy porters were surprised and captured. 
They gave valuable information about the enemy's position which faced east 
towards Major Bradstock. 

On the night of the zgth the enemy attempted to get through a nek held by 
Lieutenant Power, but were driven back. 

From Urandi Nek Captain Michau sent Lieutenant Leslie with twenty men 
to occupy another bit of high ground overlooking Wanjoki. He reached his 
position after a two hours' stiff climb and was immediately fired on. He replied 
with his Lewis gun and put a machine gun out of action, and continued in 
action until dark. As Michau held his position very precariously Lieutenants 
Edwards and Samuelson, with forty men and two Lewis guns, were r>ent up 
from Major Bradstock's party to reinforce him. 

On August 3oth Lieutenant Batchelor, with ten men of the K. A. R.M.I., 
joined the column to assist in patrolling and scouting. 

Having now completed and consolidated his position, Major Hoy moved his 
headquarters from Tschogowali to Urandi Nek on September ist, and then took 
Lieutenant Batchelor, his intelligence officer, and Sergeant Dunn, his chief 
scout, on foot on a personal tour of inspection of all his positions. This was a 
physical feat involving many hours of strenuous climbing to and fro. 

The enemy were holding the water and our positions were so exposed that 
for five days all food and water had to be carried up to the firing line at night. 
Everything possible had to be done to convince the enemy that our strength 
was greater that it actually was, and to this end on September ist all Maxim 
and Lewis guns were distributed about the permeter and a few minutes' hot 
fire opened on the enemy with all ordnance. More could not be done owing to 
shortage of ammunition. Food was also getting scarce, and as time was being 
wasted by desultory fighting, Major Hoy decided to send an ultimatum to the 



enemy demanding unconditional surrender, failing which he would attack from 
all positions on the night of Sunday, September and. 

Lieutenant Leslie was accordingly sent up on the morning of the 2nd under 
a white flag, accompanied by a bugler (Corporal Cozett). He met a European 
sergeant who took the message to Zingel. The latter came down and wished to 
discuss terms, but on Leslie declining, he agreed to surrender unconditionally. 
He made a request that his men should be allowed to march out of their position 
with their arms, which they would hand over immediately in front of Michau's 
trenches. Believing he was dealing with an honourable enemy, Major Hoy 
agreed to this, but when he went up with Leslie shortly afterwards to take the 
surrender it was found that, as usual, a German officer's word could not be 
relied on and that Zingel had burnt all his arms. As, however, his whole force 
had been made ineffective and were prisoners, no official cognisance was taken 
of this Hun characteristic breach of faith. 

The total number who surrendered were two officers (Lieutenant Zingel 
and Captain Wolff, M.O.), seven European N.C.O.'s, eighty-eight Askari, twelve 
Ruga Ruga, one hundred and ninety porters, twenty-six women, numerous boys, 
a few mules and donkeys, twenty cattle, two machine guns, and thirty-five 
thousand rounds of ammunition. The remaining machine guns and all the 
rifles and equipment were burned. 

The strength of the Cape Corps with Major Hoy on the day of the capture 
was fifteen officers, two W.O.'s, and three hundred and twenty other ranks, of 
whom some seventy-five were in hospital or unfit for duty. 

After the enemy had surrendered Leslie took them down to Tschogowali 
Mission, where they spent the day and night. Next day (September 4th) 
Lieutenant Colson and his platoon started off on foot to escort the prisoners into 
Morogoro, which they reached on September gth. The remainder of our column 
rested at Tschogowali Mission all day September 3rd. Here Major Hoy was 
knocked up by overwork and want of sleep, which brought on an attack of 
fever and necessitated his being carried on a stretcher for two or three days. 

The next day we marched to Kalama village, where Major Bradstock and 
his command rejoined. Continuing, the column returned to Nyumi, Mkundi, 
and Magubugubu. 

Here on September yth an urgent call for one hundred men was received 
from Dodoma. They were sent at once, some per motor convoy and the 
remainder on foot. 

The next day Captain Burger joined the detachment with fifty rifles and 
two Maxim guns, having marched from Morogoro via Kwedihombo and Mhondo 

Major Bradstock left Magubugubu with his company on September Qth to 
support a squadron of xoth S.A.H., under Captain Green, who were rounding 
up stray enemy Askari round Mberega. From there Bradstock eventually joined 
up with Lieut. -Colonel Morris' column at Luita Berg after a most trying march 
through an arid area. 

Major Hoy had received orders to march back to Morogoro with his column, 
but these were cancelled. The receipt of the order was delayed by a giraffe 
carrying away the telegraph wires result a futile inarch of twenty miles. 

From September loth to asrd the column patrolled the country to and fro 
between Nyumi, Mkundi, Magubugubu, Kwedihombo, Weru, Mhondo Mission, 
Kidete, and Kitaka, in case Naumann's force then being pursued by Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris' column from Kondoa Irangi to the east towards Luita Berg 
broke that way. Four days were spent at Mhondo Mission, where the thoroughly 
tired men got a most welcome rest and, what was even more necessary, ample 
food. Goats, pigs, fruit, eggs, etc., were readily procurable from the natives 


and at prices that would have gladdened the hearts of the harassed housewives 
of the Union to-da} r , pigs, for example, at three rupees (four shillings) each. 

At Magubugubu on September i8th Lieutenant H. Walton reported with 
seventy-five reinforcements ex Dodoma. 

On reaching Kidete on September aoth word was received that an enemy 
party was active in the Talagwe area and had had a skirmish with some 
K.A. R.M.I. Major Hoy decided to get this party and did a forced march of 
forty miles to Kalama, west of the Nguru Hills. On arrival there it was learned 
that the information was entirely false, the skirmish having taken place between 
two British patrols in thick bush, and the detachment, after a day's rest, marched 
back towards the Central Railway. 

By September 2 3rd it was clearly established that Naumann had been 
completely bottled up at Luita Berg. Major Hoy at once received orders to 
return to the Central Railway at Kimamba, his jumping-off place six weeks 
earlier. The railway was reached on September 2 7th and the party at once 
entrained for Dodoma, arriving there the same evening. 

Thus ended a most satisfactory little " stunt " which greatly pleased higher 
authority and earned Major Hoy and all ranks under his command much eulogy. 
Some of the marches, judged by distance alone, would have done credit to a 
corps of long-distance walking champions. Add the weight carried by the men 
(forty to fifty pounds), the heat, dust, bush, long grass, gradients and rough 
roads, the shortage of food and water, the need to keep always absolutely on the 
alert, the duties necessary on arrival in camp, such as pickets, guards, fatigues, 
etc., and the whole completes a splendid tale of effort, endurance, and devotion 
to duty. 

Major Hoy got a bar to his D.S.O. as his most thoroughly well-earned 
reward for this capture. Major Bradstock, Captain Michau, and Lieutenant 
Bain were mentioned in despatches, and other awards were the D.C.M. to 
Sergeant S. W. Dunn (1134) and Sergeant H. W. Abrahams (278). 

Dunn did splendidly throughout as chief scout. He had made a study of 
the native lingoes, which he had so thoroughly mastered that he was granted 
extra duty pay as an interpreter. Some of his work was worthy of a first-class 
intelligence officer. 

Captain Ingle, S.A.M.C., and his section of the S.A. Field Ambulance 
attached to the column, did sterling work throughout, as did Lieutenant 
Batchelor during the last few days. 

Lieutenant Horseman was adjutant to Major Hoy from July 26th until the 
column returned to Dodoma, and got through a great deal of hard work most 
efficiently, whilst Lieutenant Leslie was commended by Major Hoy for specially 
good work during the final operations leading up to the capture. 

Acting Armourer Sergeant J. van Rooyen (1270) acted as quartermaster 
sergeant to this column and was highly praised for his solid good work. 

Sergeant Benjamin (164) distinguished himself in Major Bradstock's attack 
on the enemy's rearguard near Muscat Mission, capturing one European, two 
Askari, and several porters. 

Lance-Corporal Beukes (100) and six men, whilst escorting ration porters 
to Major Bradstock, were tackled by a patrol of three whites and twenty Askari, 
but kept the enemy at bay and got the rations safely through. For this and 
other good work during the operations Beukes received the Belgian Decoration 
Militaire (2nd class) and was mentioned in despatches. 

Corporal Nefdt (1085) who was in charge of the advance guard when 
Captain Michau got in touch with the enemy on Urandi Nek on August 2Qth 
behaved very well under fire and kept his party well under control. 



Private Marsh (3140) carried despatches to and fro three or four times a 
day between Urandi Xek and Urandi Hill for two or three days. Every journey 
was under fire, but this did not seem to disconcert him in the least. 

Bees gave the column trouble more than once, and in the final attack on 
Wanjoki the enemy's machine gun fire, whether by design or accident, disturbed 
some hives above our trenches. The desired panic did not eventuate. Mosquito 
nets were brought into requisition, and those without wisely preferred bee 
stings to machine gun bullets. 

Our casualties during the Zingel stunt were very light, viz. : 
Killed : 

Private A. Davids (3496), at Kwedihombo, 26.8.17. 

Private R. Johnson (2434), accidentally at Sogosso Hill, 30.8.17. 

Private J. van Aarde (1395), accidentally at Sogosso Hill, 30.8.17. 

Wounded : 

Private G. Fortuin (1724) 

Private J. Plaatjes (989) } near Mgere, 29.8.17. 

Private A. Africa (353) 

[Sergeant 'Allct. 

' ON DUTY.' 

Photo by] IJ.H.T. 




MOROGORO was our Depot in East Africa from the date of our first reaching 
there (and September, 1916) until December isth, 1917, when all officers 
and men then remaining there entrained for Dar-es-Salaam to join up with 
the battalion from Lindi en route for final departure from East Africa. 

After his return from the Rufiji River on the ibth February, Major Hoy 
was in command at Morogoro until Lieut. -Colonel .Morris arrived from the 
River, and when the latter went on leave to South Africa on March 23rd, Majoi 
Hoy again took over for a brief period prior to going on the Kiromo 'stunt.' 
Captains Burger and Bradstock in turn then had short spells in command until 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris' return from leave, and when the latter proceeded on the 
Naumann ' stunt ' in July, Major Hoy again assumed command for a brief 
period before going ' on safari ' after Zingel. 

During April, R.S.M. Belts and one hundred and seventy-two other men 
were invalided to South Africa, and during May Captains Difford, Cuningham, 
Jardine, Warr, Stevens, Lieutenant \Yigmaii and one hundred and sixty-four 
other ranks. 

On May i6th, Captain W. R. Cowell received his majority vice Major 
Durham transferred to K.A.R., and Lieutenant S. Ashley got his third star, 
vice Cowell promoted. Second Lieutenant S. H. Rose-Innes took over the 
duty of acting Quartermaster until Captain Difford 's return in September. 

The following decorations and mentions were announced in June : 

D.S.O : Lieut. -Colonel Morris, for good work done in the Rufiji River 


D.SXD. : Major Hoy \forgoodworkdoneatthe 

M.C. : Captain F. E. Bradstock f I--K n TO, 

M.C. : Captain R. P. McNeil (S.A.M.C.) j Klbong fight m Jamiary ' 
Order of the Crown of Italy (silver medal) : Captain J. E. Robinson, 

for general good work in the Rufiji area. 
Order of the Crown of Italy (bronze medal) : Sergeant J. G. Berry 

(1135), for general good work. 
Order of the Crown of Italy (bronze medal) : Sergeant P. Hanmer 

(862), for general good work. 
Medaille Militaire (French) : C.S.M. W. T. McLeod (in), for general 

good work. 

Mentioned in Despatches : 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris. 
Major Hoy. 

Captain F. E. Bradstock. 
R.S.M. Forsythc, G. (1141). 
C.S.M. McLeod, W. T. (in). 
C.S.M. Calvert, C. (152). 

During June, the following officers returned from South Africa (leave or 
hospital) : Major Cowell, Captains Michau, Harris, Earp- Jones, Lieutenant^ 
Botha, Edwards, Pearse, Stanford and T. Rose-Innes. 


Lieutenant Edwards brought with him thirty-eight men per H.M.T. 
" Kyarra," and Major Cowell eight officers and five hundred and forty-seven 
other ranks per H.M.T. " Chow Tai." Of these latter, two hundred and thirty- 
three \\ere old hands rejoining from leave or hospital, and the remainder recruits 
from the depot. 

With Major Cowell to report for duty was Second Lieutenant J. McNeil, 
who had received his commission on May loth. 

During June, the following were promoted acting Captains vice other 
officers invalided, viz. : 

Lieutenant J. Arnott, D.C.M., from 17.4.17. 
Lieutenant D. K. Pearse, from 18.6.17. 
Lieutenant F. C. W. Stanford, from 18.6.17. 
Lieutenant H. Edwards, from 18.6.17. 

Second Lieutenant H. R. H. Thornton, whilst in the Union, was released 
from service " permanently unfit," 7.6.17. 

On June 2 2nd, Lieutenant R. Wilson was boarded out as " medically unfit 
for further service." 

On June 26th, Captain F. E. Bradstock, M.C., was promoted Major by 
special authority of the War Office in view of the increase of the battalion from 
four to six double companies. 

On July ist, Part II. orders contained the following announcements, viz. : 

C.S.M. Twynham, D.F. (1092) to be acting R.S.M. vice R.S.M. Betts 

(European) invalided to South Africa (13.4.17) and C.Q.M.S. Sasse, C.D. (209) 

to be A/R.Q.M.S. vice A/R.Q.M.S. Shipp (European) invalided to South 

Africa (24.3.17). 

The Warrant officers and N.C.O.'s of the battalion were for the time being 
therefore entirely coloured men. Both Betts and Shipp returned later on, but 
the former had to be finally invalided out before the end of the year. 

During June, eighty-eight other ranks were invalided to South Africa. 

On July ist, Lieutenant T. M. Hoffe became acting Captain vice Captain 
Youart, invalided. 

On July 2ist, Part II. orders recorded : 

To be Lieutenant within establishment, Second Lieutenant C.S.M. Pillans 
(from unattached list E-A.P.F.) (23.6.17) ; to be Second- Lieutenants (within 
establishment) Mr. R. Colson and Mr. S. V. Samuelson (2.7.17). 

.On July ^rd, Lieutenant G. C. White and one hundred and twenty-nine 
other ranks were evacuated to South Africa per hospital ship " Oxfordshire." 

On August ist, ex R.S.M. Forsythe, G. (1141) and sixty-one other ranks 
were evacuated to South Africa per hospital ship, and Lieutenant Hayton left a 
few days later on special leave. 

The following returned from South Africa during August : Captains J. E. 
Robinson and D. W. Robertson, Lieutenants F. C. Hallier and E. J. Rackstraw, 
Second Lieutenants Gardner and Leslie and twenty-three other ranks, and 
Second Lieutenants Colson and Samuelson joined up. 

During September, Lieutenant Cloke and twenty-nine other ranks were 
invalided to South Africa, and on the 26th September, the following officers 
rejoined from leave or hospital (South Africa), viz: Captains I. D. Difford, 
W. J. R. Cuningham ; Lieutenants Murchie, Wigman and Bourhill and two 
hundred and sixteen other ranks with them, and the following recently com- 
missioned officers joined up, viz. : Second Lieutenants E. B. Bloxam, M. S. 
Davies, J. S. Dreyer, F. I. Girdwood, E. Rose-Nel, G. L. Ware. 

Captain Cuningham's draft travelled from Durban to Dar-es-Salaam on 
H.M.T. "Anglo-Egyptian. They were three weeks en route, owing to delays 



K.Q.M.S. C. D. SASSE (209). 






at Beira and Kilwa. The Commander of the troopship was most eulogistic on 
the subject of the general good conduct of this draft and the exceptional state 
of cleanliness into which they got and maintained his vessel. 

After the ill effects of the Rufiji operations had worn off the health of the 
battalion improved vastly, and the total number of deaths from disease in 
East Africa, period ist May to 3ist October, 1917, was only twenty-three. 
This was due chiefly to the care taken by the O.C. and staff of No. 15 Stationary 
Hospital, Morogoro (our own M.O., Captain McNeil, was "on safari" most of 
the time), and by Major Hoy in our depot there after the patients had been 
discharged from hospital. 

At the end of September there were only a couple of hundred more or less 
unfit men at Morogoro, Lieutenant James being O.C. Depot. Another two 
hundred men, also unfit, were at Dodoma, under Captain Pearse, and the 
balance of the battalion still out after Naumann and Zingel. These latter, 
however, all mobilised at Dodoma during the first week in October and re- 
turned to Morogoro in three special trains, October gth to nth, leaving only 
hospital patients at Dodoma. 

On October 6th, Major Bradstock was sent from Dodoma to Morogoro 
to organise and take charge of training there. All the more recently joined 
subalterns were sent to him as soon as possible, and a large number of N.C.O.'s 
and men also went through a course of training. These officers and men also 
attended bombing, Lewis gun, and other classes at the Morogoro School of 
Instruction and Artillery School. Time was limited, but between October the 
7th and i7th many valuable lessons were learned and much useful knowledge 
imparted, all of which was to bear fruit later on. 

The period from October joth to i7th was a particularly busy one for all 
ranks, but especially so for the Quartermaster and his staff, the whole battalion 
now about fifteen hundred strong having to be practically reclothed and re- 
equipped. That done satisfactorily, thanks to the very ready help of Captain 
Joyce, A.O.D., the battalion entrained again, twelve hundred odd strong, in 
four special trains, October i7th to igth, for Dar-cs-S;iluam en route to Lindi 
in order to participate in the operations in that area. 

Captain Hallier left us at Dar-es-Salaam on October aoth (seconded to the 
Political service) and Lieutenant Ware was sent for from Morogoro to complete 

Six officers and one hundred and thirty-two other ranks, all unfit, remained 
behind at Morogoro, the majority recovering from sore feet after their recent 
prodigious marching feats. Captain Robinson was left in charge, and with him 
Captains Robertson and Stevens, Lieutenants Colson, Bloxam, Coates and 

There were also the following at the places shewn, viz. : 


In Hospital (Morogoro) 2 (Captain T. P. Rose- 

Innes ; Lieutenant 
Potgieter) ... 100* 102 

Convalescent Camp 

(Morogoro) ... ... 40* 40 

At Dodoma (on lines of 

communication) ... 16 16 



At Dodoma Hospital 
At Dar-es-Salaam (on lines 
of communication) 

At Kilindini (awaiting 
ship to Lindi) 

i (Lieutenant Bain) 

i (Lieutenant Feetham) 


I 2O* 121 



346* 350* 

* Approximately. 

During the period March to December, 1917, the following men died and 
were buried at sea, between Durban and Dar-es-Salaam, viz. : 

Private Roberts, M. (2656) of dysentery, March 28th. 
Private Hamet, F. (1918) of pneumonia, May i^th. 
Private May, J. (2916) of dysentery, June 7th. 

Private Grovell, J. (3710) was declared missing on November i6th and 
death accepted. 

The Morogoro depot was finally closed on December isth, 1917, when 
Captain Robertson took all officers and. men there to join up with the Battalion 
at Dar-es-Salaam for final departure from Kast Africa. CiPMMAMMXT'S OFFICE, DAR-ES-SAI.AAM. 





THE battalion, over twelve hundred strong, left Morogoro for Dar-es-Salaam 
in four special trains between Wednesday, ijth and Friday, igth October. 
On the last train were also B/iao Indian Ambulance, which had been with 
us on the Naumann ' stunt ' and was to accompany us to Lindi. Captain H. H. 
King, O.C. B/I20 left us at Dar-es-Salaam, and all ranks much regretted the 
separation for a first-class M.O. who was also a good soldier and a good comrade. 
Captain Hill took over command of B/I2O and soon became one of us. 

On October igth our Machine Gun and Stokes Trench Mortar and Bombing 
sections and some of the Medicals left for Lindi via Zanzibar on H.M.T. 
"Pemba." The battalion embarked on H.M.T. " Salamis " on Saturday, 
October 2oth, reached Lindi twenty-four hours later, and disembarked next 
day. Whilst aboard the "Salamis" the second anniversary of the formation 
of the Cape Corps was celebrated with due ceremony. 

Captain Gardiner, commander of the " Salamis " was greatly pleased with 
the conduct of the Corps whilst aboard his ship and remarked to our O.C. that 
it was a great treat to carry such a cheery body of troops. There were several 
senior and staff officers aboard, and the senior officer complimented Lieut. - 
Colonel Morris on the command of such a happy and fit regiment. 

We remained at Lindi five days waiting for our donkey transport, dis- 
embarkation of which was delayed owing to shortage of lighters. During this 
short period no less than ninety-one men were admitted to hospital. 

On Friday afternoon, October 26th, the battalion left Lindi to march to 
Njangao, where we were to join up with our brigade. Our marching out state 
was approximately twelve hundred ist Cape Corps, one hundred and thirteen 
B/I2O I.F.A., and six hundred porters, the latter being Machine, Lewis, and 
Stokes gun porters and first line porters (i.e., for ammunition, rations and 
water), officers' servants, etc. 

In addition we had as 2nd line transport Captain H. N. Hoyer (R.A.S.C.) 
with the necessary complement of conductors and native drivers and three 
hundred and twenty donkeys. These donkeys were hopelessly raw and un- 
broken. They frequently got lost in the bush, and stampeded when meeting 
the motor convoys, barged into trees and knocked off their loads, and generally 
behaved as only a donkey does, whilst the native drivers were about on a par 
with the donkeys. 

The trek south-west to Njangao, via Mingoyu, Mtna, and Mtama occupied 
five days, a distance of seventy-five miles through picturesque country. At 
Njangao we came iinder the orders of Brig. -General H. de C. O'Grady, com- 
manding No. 3 Column. (There were four columns co-operating in this area.) 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris left us at Mtua on October 28th to assume command of 
No. 4 Column, taking with him Lieutenant S. H. Rose-Innes as his A.D.C., 
and Major Hoy assumed command of the battalion. 


Photo by] [Thomas Brolln is, Klerl:sdort>. 




Major Co well became acting Second in Command and the Company Com- 
manders were : 

"A" Major Bradstock. 
" B " Captain Harris. 
" C " Captain Cuningham. 
" D " Captain Michau. 

(Note. On November gth, when Major Bradstock became acting Second 
in Command for a few days Captain Pearse commanded " A " Company, and 
when Captain Michau was wounded Captain Edwards took over command of 
"D" Company.) 

Column 3 remained at Njangao for six days. Whilst there, Lieutenant 
English, R.A.M.C., joined us to assist our M.O. 

Lieutenant Horseman was attached to Column Headquarters from November 
3rd, to act as Staff Captain to the Brigadier. 

The other units in Column 3 were the composite battalion K.A.R. (tf-i and - 
3+4) under Lieut. -Colonel Gifford, a Stokes Trench Mortar section, the ammuni- 
tion column, a signal section with an escort of twenty-five Nigerians under 
Captain Baldwin, 8/126 Indian Field Ambulance under Captain Howard (since 
deceased), and the A. P.M. and his staff. 

Column 3 marched at 3 p.m. on November 5th to endeavour to envelope 
the right flank of the hostile position at Mahiwa from the south, and to form a 
junction to the rear of the enemy with the Nigerian brigade operating from the 
north, our first objective being through Kambona to Chinemena. Our donkey 
transport did not, of course, go forward with the advance, but several hundred 
more porters were handed over to us and our total strength in porters and other 
followers was at this time approximately twelve hundred, under an officer and 
two European sergeants. Many of these porters had recently been recruited 
and were a most undisciplined lot. They were of very inferior physique, lazy, 
and cowardly. Their officer was incapable of controlling them and the conse- 
quence was endless trouble and worry. 

At this time the latest Force Intelligence reports estimated the enemy's 
southern forces, under von Lettow Vorbeck at twenty-three companies, with a 
maximum strength of four hundred whites, including convalescents, three 
thousand Askari, fifty-six Machine guns, two large (ex cruiser " Koenigsberg ") 
naval and three small (field) guns. 

Of the above twenty-three companies, seven and one howitzer and two 
small guns were believed to be in the Mahiwa area, three or four companies 
in the Natsho-Mlausi area, and the remainder in the area Lukuledi-Ruhego. 

A battalion of Column 2 was to attack at Natsho on November 7th, and 
Column i and the remainder of Column 2 were to be concentrated at Lukuledi. 
Simultaneously Column 4 was to demonstrate against the enemy from the east, 
and the Nigerians were to effect junction with Column 3 on the Massassi road 
to the rear of the enemy's position. 

In the advance from Njangao on November 5th, Lieutenant Ware's platoon 
(" D " Company) was detailed as bodyguard to the Brigadier. 

The column halted for the night at Chinemena and carried on before dawn 
next day. The Cape Corps were leadng, " B " Company in advance. At 4 a.m. 
they flushed a strong enemy outpost and just at dawn encountered an enemy 
patrol returning to their camp and captured three porters who gave useful 
information. Our position was reached by a patrol of Sergeant H. W. 
Abrahams (278) and two men of " C " Company sent out to locate the main 
road. Abrahams found the road and a cable running along it, which he 
promptly cut with his Jack knife. At the same time he saw an enemy platoon 
marching towards him in column of route with their officer leading. Just then 




C.S.M. C. A. RUITERS (132). 



NOVEMBER, 1917. 

-^f* ^ 

y**r , 


Killed in action at Mkungu, Lindi Area, 6th 
November, 1917. 



Lieutenant Rose-Nel emerged from the bush with his platoon. Abrahams 
signalled to him to keep back under cover, but was too late and the enemy 
opened fire. Their attack at first was on the advance and right flank (" C ' 
Company). Lieutenant Guest and his machine gun team were put out of action 
at once and their gun was no man's property for about four hours. 

The Nigerian's advance had been held up b}' the enemy and as they were 
not at the rendezvous, Major Kraut, the enemy commander, was able to con- 
centrate on O'Grady's Brigade (column 3). His attack was on our right from 
the east and gradually increased in intensity as he first swung round to the 
north and then to the west. 

In the afternoon the enemy worked round to attack the left flank of the 
column whilst maintaining pressure in front. " D " Company, which had been 
held at Column Headquarters, was at once brought up to reinforce the left 
flank, linking up with " C " Company's left. Severe fighting took place and 
Captain Michau sent for our Stokes Mortars. 

Lieutenant Abbott was immediately killed whilst mounting a gun. Lieu- 
tenant J. McNeil and his platoon (" D " Company) were sent up to reinforce 
"B" Company, but McNeil was immediately wounded (he died next day). 

'"A" Company on the right flank did not meet with quite such determined 
opposition, but one platoon under Lieutenant Colson, supporting " B " Company 
got it hot, Colson being severely wounded. " D " Company from the commence- 
ment were in a very warm corner. Lieutenants Power and Ware were 'Ordered 
by the Brigadier to take a certain ridge. They did so, but Power lost his life. 
Captain Michau and Lieutenant Samuelson were both wounded and Captain 
Edwards took over the Company, he and Lieutenant Ware being the only 
nmvounded officers of " D " Company before midday. 

The enemy fought desperately on our left flank, charged with the bayonet 
three times and got within thirty yards of our line, and it was only the steadi- 
ness and coolness of " D " Company which prevented them from enveloping 
us on that side. Lieutenant Samuelson fought his platoon splendidly and 
received the M.C. (prompt award). 

Meanwhile " B" Company (Captain Harris) were obliged to call on "C" 
Company for reinforcements and Lieutenant Heaton's platoon was sent up, 
getting into position under very heavy fire. Lieutenant Heaton's leadership 
earned him the M.C. (prompt award). 

Lieutenant Leslie's platoon joined up on the left of "B" Company and 
shortly afterwards "D" Company linked up with Heaton's left and our line 
became consolidated. 

The bush hereabouts was very dense and in places it was not possible to 
see the enemy at two hundred yards distance, consequently machine gun fire 
was somewhat disconcerting. 

At about 3 p.m. the enemy brought up their 4.7 inch naval gun and 4.1 
inch howitzer and opened on us, and about the same time the heavy fire of the 
enemy who were trying to outflank us caused a panic amongst our porters who 
bolted into the thick bush and dropped their loads. The majority of them 
turned up during the night without their loads at the column's and line trans- 
port camp located about three miles back under our Quartermaster. This 
caused us heavy loss in ammunition, not to mention rations, water, officers' 
kits, etc. Fortunately the porters recovered their nerve somewhat when out 
of range of shell fire and next day most of them were induced to return to 
the front with such of their loads as it had been possible to recover. 

Heavy fighting continued all the afternoon (November 6th) without decisive 
result and at dark our advance was withdrawn about fifty yards to occupy a 
ridge for the night, with the exception of Lieutenant Heaton's platoon which 



Killed in action at Mkutigu, November 6th, 


C.SM. ]. SCUUARD (1363) 

K.s.M. C. CALVERI, D.C.M. (152). 



remained out in an advanced position until about 4 o'clock next morning. Oui 
right remained in statu quo, the Stokes mortars were on the left, under Major 
Bradstock, and " A " and " D " Companies in the rear. Everybody dug in 
and consolidated positions for the night, during which there was heavy rain. 
Our wires to the rear had been cut by an enemy patrol during the afternoon. 
C.S.M. C. Calvert (152) and Sergeant Henry Damon (1465) received the 
D.C.M. (prompt award) for their magnificent courage and example to their 
comrades this day. Sergeant H. W. Abrahams (278) "C" Company and 
Sergeant Swartz (331) "D" Company, who was in charge of his Company's Lewis 
gun section, also did admirably. 

In addition to killed and wounded already mentioned, the following casual- 
ties also occurred on the 6th, viz. : 
Wounded : 

Captain R. P. McNeil (slight). 
Lieutenant Samuelson (head). 
Lieutenant Botha (slight). 
Killed : 

Private G. Arends (956). 
Private L. Botes (3714). 
Private W. Feder (1535). 
Private D. W. Tennant (3187). 
Private D. Africa (3489). 
Private J. Davids (1037). 
Private J. Houtsammer (586). 
Private J. Watney (3272). 
Private J. Abrahams (2372). 
Corporal F. Schroeder, M.M. (980). 
Died of Wounds: Private J. Niekerk (253). 
Forty-six other ranks wounded and thirteen missing. 

Lieutenants Wigman, Ware and Girdwood were also slightly wounded, 
but as they did not return to the dressing station they did not appear in the 
official casualty list. 

This was the severest day's fighting the battalion had experienced to date, 
and the magnificent conduct of the men under heavy shell and machine gun 
fire at close range was a source of much gratification to all concerned. 

Desultory fighting continued until 3 a.m. on the 7th and, after a couple of 
hours break, began again and continued all day. The enemy had failed to 
surround us as they had apparently hoped, and for the next thirty-six hours 
appeared to be irresolute whether to attack again vigorously or to retire. Their 
searching shell fire was, however, very accurate, dropping into our trenches 
on both right and left flanks. Shelling continued all day and two attacks from 
the west were beaten off. 

Early in the morning Lieutenant Barnard was sent out on our front with 
twenty men, and Sergeant Abrahams with a patrol of six men. Barnard got 
into action at once and very soon was himself brought in badly wounded. 

At this time the 3rd/4th K.A.R. from column 4 were sent to reinforce 
us and remained with our column for two or three days. 

Early on the morning of the 7th the Nigerian battalion who had joined 
up on our right were heavily engaged on the main road on the right flank of 
O'Grady's Brigade whither they had been guided by a Cape Corps patrol under 
Sergeant Abrahams (278). The remainder of the Nigerian Brigade had a com- 
paratively quiet day and Brig. -General O'Grady returned to headquarters at 
Njangao in the afternoon to confer with Brig. -General Cunlifie, commanding 
the Nigerian Brigade. 



Photo Oy\ ['Aadil; & Co., Caff To;cn. 



As a result of this conference plans were made for an advance. The 
Nigerian Brigade was ordered to push the enemy out of his trenches at dawn 
on the 8th, after which O'Grady's Brigade, with the Cape Corps in advance, 
was to take up the running and proceed towards Nangoo. 

Unfortunately the Nigerians were unsuccessful in this attack and received 
one hundred and ten casualties in their attempt. The enemy were fighting 
very determinedly at this stage, obviously endeavouring to prevent the Lindi 
Force from reaching Nangoo before their troops opposing our Kilwa Force had 
retired south of that point. New dispositions had accordingly to be made and 
as a result, about 2.30 p.m. on the Sth, the Cape Corps were warned that they 
would be relieved in their sector by the 2 /2nd K.A.R. and that they were tc* 
attack the enemy's right, debouching from Brigade Headquarters. 

While the relief was in progress the enemy opened a hot attack on the Cape 
Corps sector and Major Hoy decided to remain in position and report for 
instructions to Brigade Headquarters. As a result further K.A.R. reinforce- 
ments were detailed and eventually about 4 o'clock p.m. the relief was com- 
pleted and the Cape Corps concentrated for attack. They proceeded to Brigade- 
Headquarters, where final instruction were received and deployment for attack 
was effected at once. 

"C" Company, under Captain Cuningham, had pride of place and orders 
were to push right through the enemy trenches in a westerly direction with the 
bayonet and then, having reorganised, turn half right to the north and cut 
the main Lindi-Massassi road behind the enemy. The terrain was slightly un- 
dulating park lands with occasional tropical thickets. 

About four hundred yards from Brigade Headquarters our scouts encoun- 
tered enemy posts, which were driven in and the advance pressed. Another 
four hundred yards and the main enemy trench line was encountered and the 
firing line met determined resistance from rifle and machine gun fire. " C " 
Company pressed on with great gallantry doing heavy execution, and Lieutenant 
Heaton's platoon captured a machine gun and accounted for the whole of its 
crew. This gun may be seen to-day in the vestibule of the City Hall, Cape 

At this point Major Hoy was wounded in the foot and was compelled to 
hand over at once to Major Bradstock, who commanded the support company. 
Later on Major Cowell took command as soon as he was made aware of the 
position. As Second in Command he had been advancing with the rear com- 

Our advance was carried on without cessation, except for momentary 
pauses under brisk fire to adjust our alignment, until the top of the rise was 
reached (about one mile), and for the first time for three days we had the 
pleasure of seeing the enemy on the run. 

During the day Major Cole brought up the Kashmir Mountain Battery and 
heavily plastered the enemy's right flank, being assisted by our Stokes mortars. 
They did great execution, a number of bodies, European and Askari, being 
seen during our advance next day, when the enemy's retreat was so precipitate 
that they had no time to bury their dead. 

About the time Major Hoy was wounded the enemy attempted to get round 
on our left flank. Our machine guns quickly put that right and the advance 
continued. Captain Murchie and Lieutenant Leslie were sent ahead with two 
platoons, of "C" Company to reach and straddle the main road, which they 
did and got into touch with the Nigerians at Hatia Mission the enemy retiring 
south-west along the main road to Nangoo. There our advance ceased for the 
time being and we camped for the night. 

On the yth and Sth our casualties were much lighter than on the 6th. 



Mrfp MirivirisJ' rfTc Ollt> 
from L' ririi Ib t 1 \ u n 

j"y ; ''/ 

/I 2 

7 Scale o of Miles 

t~ tv, , "-. , _^ K-. - , 

*,,,~, - 





Second Lieutenant McNeil died of wounds in the B/I26 I.F.A. clearing 
station on the 7th. On the 8th, Signaller F. Drury (1272), one of the cheeriest 
men in the battalion, was killed in the advance and Privates D. Mouton (2337) 
and D. October (441) died of wounds at Mikware. Lieutenant E. Rose-Nel 
(.slightly), Sergeant D. Hector (977) and five men were also wounded in the 

Private J. Stuurman (1514), one of the Quartermaster's escort, was wounded 
on the 8th and died next day. R.Q.M.S. Sasse (209), C.Q.M.S. Reagon (1143) 
and Private W. MacKenzie (1573) attended to this man and carried him to 
cover under heavy fire. 

On the gth November the retreating enemy were followed along the main 
road to Nangoo. The column was held up for a time by the arrival of a white 
flag party from von Lettow with the impertinent request that we would forward 
their private letters. This was no doubt a ruse to gain time for the main body 
to get away. Anyway, the envoys were sent to our rear to post their own 
letters so that any information they had gleaned could not be communicated 
to their C. in C. 

On the gth, Major Cole's Kashmiri's, a S.A. Field Artillery Battery under 
Major Gordon Grey, M.C., and a 4.1 inch naval gun, posted near the Nigerian's 
headquarters on the main road, greatly aided us. That day three men on the 
flank were slightly wounded in an encounter with an enemy patrol to the right 
of the main road. 

On the loth, the S.A.F.A. Battery passed us to get nearer to the retreating 
enemy, and on the same day C.S.M. Daniels (No. i) (wounded) and twelve other 
men who had been missing since the 6th, turned up. 

It was expected that the enemy would stand again and fight, but they 
continued to retreat, fighting strong rearguard actions all day on the gth and 
loth. The K.A.R. were leading our advance on those days and the Cape 
Corps had a comparatively easy time except our Stokes gunners who were in the 
firing line and did good execution. On the nth we were leading again, " C " 
Company in front in the attack on Nangoo, which was delayed for some time 
owing to water shortage. All water had to be brought up in chaguls by 
porters, from seven miles back. When the Brigadier had personally seen the 
leading company's water bottles filled he allowed the advance to proceed. 
Strong resistance was anticipated, but did not materialise. Dense bush and 
intense heat caused the march to be a very trying one, but the enemy continued 
to retreat and Nangoo was entered without opposition. 

On arrival at Nangoo a Cape Corps patrol of one and twenty was at once 
sent out towards Ndanda to get in touch with our Brigadier-General Hannyng- 
ton's Force operating from Kilwa. This they succeeded in doing and returned 
to camp reporting " all clear," thus linking up our Kilwa and Lindi forces. 

A feature of our advance from Hatia to Nangoo had been the number of 
casualties inflicted on our rear by enemy snipers concealed in the thick bush. 

At Nangoo the enemy left behind a hospital with a European M.O. and 
one white and twenty-seven Askari patients. The majority of these latter had 
evidently been wounded by bombs from our aeroplanes. Two hours after 
entering Nangoo a K.A.R. patrol of Ridgway's column came in from Ndanda 
direction (west). 

The column rested at Nangoo on November I2th and I3th. On the first 
named day Lieut. -Colonel Morris returned and took over the command of the 
battalion again. 

Our strength in porters had by this time been reduced to about eight 
hundred and fifty, of whom three hundred and fifty were first line (i.e., for 
Vickers and Lewis guns, and ammunition for same, signalling equipment and 



stretcher bearers) and five hundred second line (known as Shenzis) (for reserve 
ammunition, rations, water, etc.), and officers' servants, etc. 

On November I4th our Intelligence officers reported that the enemy had 
retired towards Kitangari, about twenty miles south. His main body was 
holding Tschiwata Mission at the foot of the escarpment to the west of the 
Makonde Plateau. 

Brig. -General Hannyngton (column i) was attacking Mwiti, with the 
Cavalry working on a wider circle to their south, and two battalions of the 
Nigerians and Column 2 were in position in or about Tshiwada. 

On the evening of the I3th, the K.A.R. advanced again, going south to 
Minjales and up the escarpment (a strenuous climb of some two thousand feet) 
to the top of the Makonde plateau. The reasons for this were : (i) to prevent 
the enemy main force at Tshiwata from getting on to the plateau, (2) to pre- 
vent an enemy airship which had left the Turkish coast from landing on the 

(This airship never arrived though it actually left Turkey and was seen 
over the Sudan). 

On the morning of the I4th, Lieut. -Colonel Morris left Nangoo with " C " 
and " D " Companies for Minjales, towards Tschiwata, where he waited for 
Major Cowell and "A" Company, under Major Bradstock, and next day 
climbed the escarpment. At Tschiwata the big enemy hospital surrendered to 
Major Bradstock. In the hospital were approximately two hundred and sixty 
Europeans and seven hundred Askari sick or wounded. 

Captain Harris followed the column from Nangoo on the I5th with " B " 
Company. The whole of the column (less "B" Company) concentrated on 
top of the escarpment early on the isth and moved on again. The 2/2 K.A.R. 
were in advance and the objective was to cut the Tschiwata-Mwiti main road. 
As soon as the K.A.R. reached the road (about 9.30 a.m.) they got into action 
and a stiff engagement developed and continued all day, during which we turned 
and started to push the enemy down the Mwiti road. About noon the enemy 
tried to envelop the K.A.R. right flank and Captain Cuningham was sent on 
to link up and reinforce them. Here Sergeant Abrahams (278) again did good 
patrol work. 

Towards evening the column formed a perimeter, with the K.A.R. in 
front and Cape Corps in the rear, and bivouaced for the night. The enemy 
were dug in only one hundred and fifty yards from us. 

During the day the 2 /2nd K.A.R. had had very heavy casualties, the 2nd 
in command and eight other officers and about one hundred and fifty other 
ranks being killed or wounded. 

During the night of the I5th the enemy retired about a mile and a half. 
Next morning at dawn we were at them again, Cape Corps in advance, " D " 
Company in front, Captain Edwards on the right flank and Lieutenant Ware 
on the left. Captain Arnott and Lieutenant Hayton had been temporarily 
posted to " D " Company to replace casualties on the 6th instant. 

The enemy continued to retire fighting all the way and inflicted some 
casualties on us, including Lieutenant Girdwood, wounded (for the second time 
within ten days). One porter (machine gun) was killed and several wounded. A 
sniper who was a crack shot troubled us for a while, but during the morning 
Lieutenant Ware severely wounded and captured him. 

During the afternoon Lieut. -Colonel Morris took "A" and "C" Com- 
panies round on the left flank and nearly brought off a coup. The enemy saw 
him just in time to save themselves by breaking off the engagement and clearing 
through the bush. The column thereupon continued to advance and pushed 
on about a mile where we again became heavily engaged and fought on until 



dark when perimeter was formed with the Cape Corps in advance and K.A.R. 
in the rear. 

Sniping and bombing continued all night, the enemy being entrenched 
only about two hundred yards distant. At midnight six men, Lance-Corporal 
Manuel (3128), Privates Adonis (2855), Williams (1935), Moses (2509), Pritchard 
(3777) and Taylor (3237) were sent out bombing and got right up to the enemy 
trenches before throwing two bombs each. The enemy opened fire and Private 
Adonis was wounded. The reason of this patrol was to induce the enemy 
lo waste ammunition which they duly did, the whole line blazing away for 
several minutes.. 

At dawn (i7th November) we found the enemy had so placed a machine 
gun as to sweep the main road into our camp. This resulted in several 
casualties including the Brigade Major (Major Dowding) killed, and Captain 
Hill, O.C. B/I20 I.F.A. wounded (shot through the jaw). Several other 
casualties occurred from this and also from enemy shell fire during the day, 
our reserve ammunition dump having a very narrow escape from shell fire. 
The machine gun was evidently directed by observation to fire at anyone 
crossing the road and it was difficult to get our porters to understand this. 

Early in the morning we sent out a contact patrol, so called, of course, 
because their object was to locate and draw the enemy's fire. They were away 
rive "hours, eventually returning through our rear and bringing back useful 
information. They had exchanged shots and bagged an enemy picket. The 
bush was so dense that this patrol lost its way for some time and it was not 
until our artillery opened that they were able to locate their position. 

Names of patrol : Corporal Holland (120) ; Privates Amos, J. (2550), Bartes, 
W. (2022), Frans, S. (3062), and Limini, A. (3068), all of " C " Company. 

" B " Company, under Captain Harris, joined up from Nangoo in the 
morning. Fighting continued all day. About noon " B " Company was sent 
out to the right flank of " D " who were leading the advance. 

The Nigerians then came up on Harris' right and endeavoured to envelope 
the enemy's left, but they retired and about three hundred yards further on 
the column halted for the night, the Cape Corps taking left half of the peri- 
meter and the K.A.R. the right. 

Just before dark Lieutenant Wigman was sent out with his platoon to 
endeavour to push the enemy off a bit. He got in touch and engaged them 
but was forced to withdraw to avoid being surrounded. The bush was so thick 
that he was able to pull out without the enemy being aware of it and the latter 
continued to scrap amongst themselves for at least half an hour before they 
discovered their mistake. Wigman had Sergeant Schoor (480) and Private 
Janekcr (3814) wounded. 

During the day Lieutenant Difford rejoined, ex Lindi hospital. 

Sniping continued all night and at daybreak (November iSth) Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris took out "A" and "C" Companies to try to get round the enemy's 
left flank. They were held up by a bush fire and the enemy cleared, setting 
alight to the grass with the wind in our direction to retard our advance. 

The Brigadier then sent orders to "A" and "C" Companies to return 
to the road, join up with "B" and "D" Companies and push on towards 
Nambwindinga's, where the enemy was known to have a big hospital. Von 
Lettow Vorbeck was also believed to be there with his main force. We reached 
the hospital at u a.m., less than six hours after von Lettow's rearguard had 
passed through, retreating hurriedly. 

Major Bradstock took the surrender of the hospital where he found twentv- 
two Hun officers, two hundred and fifty European other ranks and about six 
hundred Askari, and numerous women, porters, servants, totos (boys), etc. The 
majority of the prisoners were fit men who had had enough of war, or jrathcr 



of being kept continuously on the run before our iclentlcss pursuit. It was 
said that the previous night von Lettow's men had practically mutinied and 
that the ex-Governor of German East, von Schnee, and von Lettow had almost 
come to blows. Von Schnee and the majority contended that it was murder 
to continue such a forlorn hope. Von Lettow told him and the surrender party 
to go to the devil and invited the bitter-enders to carry on. About two hundred 
and fifty Europeans and one thousand Askari agreed and bolted with von 
Lettow towards the Rovuma River on the Portuguese border. 

Captain Pearse was sent out with a platoon to cover the hospital in case of 
treachery during the above surrender, and got engaged with von Lettow's 
retiring rearguard. 

At the hospital we released twenty-five British, five Portuguese, and two 
Belgian officer prisoners whom von Lettow had been compelled to leave behind. 
One of the British officers was Captain H. Wallis, M.C. (8th S.A.I.), who 
afterwards joined us. 

Having taken over the hospital, prisoners, etc., the Cape Corps returned to 
a good camping site about a mile back, and the remainder of the brigade came 

Column three did not follow von Lettow, as they were urgently in need of 
rest after their hard work of the past fortnight, and furthermore it was expected 
that our other columns would get him. But von Lettow prove too elusive, land 
for three or four days it was not known what direction he had taken. This was 
another illustration of the difficulties of campaigning in bush so thick that two 
Army Corps might be camped within a mile of each other without knowing it. 

Our column therefore rested at Nambwindingas for three days (November 
igth-2ist). On the igth Major Humann (at one time a Judge of the Martial 
Court and an ex-Acting Governor) surrendered to Lieutenant Hayton who was 
on outpost duty. 

On the same day Captain Robinson and Lieutenants Bloxam, Coates, and 
Pillans arrived from Morogoro to replace officer casualties on the 6th instant. 

On November aoth Lieutenant Stubbs sent out with two men under a 
white flag with a letter to von Lettow from the G.O.C. (Lieut. -General van 
Deventer). He came up with the enemy about sixteen miles away at Kitangari, 
where thirty Europeans and seventy-eight Askari surrendered to him, including 
the Commander and several officers of the late German cruiser " Koenigsberg " 
(blown up by our forces at the mouth of the Rufiji River). Stubbs returned to 
camp to report, and next day two companies of the K.A.R. went out to bring 
in the prisoners. 

On the 2ist Lieutenant Rose-Nel was sent out with his platoon to bring in 
another party of the enemy who had surrendered. Those and Lieutenant Stubbs' 
captures were hand over to Lieutenant Coates and his platoon to escort to 
Tschiwata and deliver to responsible authority there. 

Whilst camped at Nambwindingas our patrols scoured the country in the 
vicinity and brought in large quantities of abandoned arms, ammunition, machine 
guns, etc. 

By this time it had become clearly established that our operations since the 
6th November had been highly successful in all directions. The enemy had been 
continuously on the run for a fortnight and was approaching demoralisation. 
Since October ist we had killed or captured over sixteen hundred Europeans in 
the Lindi area, and there is no doubt whatever that the extraordinary thickness 
of the bush had alone saved von Lettow from surrender or annihilation. 

During the past fortnight column 3 had had a very strenuous time. 
General O'Grady was very much handicapped by the small ness of his force. A 
third battalion would have been of the greatest possible assistance. His two 
battalions were not up to full strength and had to take the advance on alternate 



Photos by] 




Photos by] 




J. FARO (2564). 



days. The result was that the battalion in reserve was called upon to assist in 
flanking movements and other sudden calls and neither got a day's rest for 
fourteen days. A third battalion could have executed strong and wider flanking 
movements simultaneously with the frontal attacks, and as the enemy could not 
afford to waste either man power or ammunition, he would have been kept more 
on the run than was actually the case. 

On the aist November column 3 were under orders to proceed due south 
to attack Newala, which was held by the enemy. Shortly before the time fixed 
to march, however, news came through of the surrender of that place with a 
bag of one hundred and twenty-six more whites and numerous Askari prisoners. 

On Thursday, November 22nd, the column marched to Mwiti Mission, 
awaited orders there for forty-eight hours, and then proceeded west to Massassi. 
This was a very trying trek of some eighteen miles. At Mwiti, on November 
24th, Lieutenant Feetham and his platoon arrived from Kilindini. 

We reached Massassi at midnight, 24th November, remained there twenty- 
four hours, and then got orders to move fifteen miles south-east to Nairombo by 
a forced march. From there Lieutenant Hay ton was sent out with twenty-five 
men escorting a signalling patrol to Huwu, and was away three or tour days, 
whilst Lieutenant Difford and his platoon proceeded to Luatala to bring in the 
prisoners, approximately thirty whites, two hundred and fifty Askari, four 
hundred porters, and two hundred women, who had surrendered there a few 
days previously. 

On November 26th the brigade (less Cape Corps) left Nairombo, direction 
south to Newala near where the enemy had been located, and the Cape Corps 
was ordered to march down the river due south to attack Tafel, who was 
operating on the left flank. Half an hour from camp, however, we were recalled, 
as news had come through that Tafel with ninety-six Europeans, one thousand 
two hundred and twenty-six Askari, and some two thousand porters had 
surrendered to Brig. -General Hannyngton's column near Newala. 

On November 28th we (Cape Corps) marched back to Massassi where we 
found our second line transport (donkeys) had arrived from Njangao, much to 
the satisfaction of all ranks. Not that there was any consuming desire to resume 
acquaintance with the donkeys, but they meant kit bags and a change of clothing. 

Shortly before this date Lieut. -Colonel Morris had represented to higher 
authority that his battalion had had over twenty months' continuous service in 
East Africa and borne their full share of the heat and burden of the clay, and 
that owing to the ravages of disease all ranks were badly in need of an entire 
rest. The reply was the appointment of a Medical Board, which sat at Massassi 
on November 2gth and two following days. The report of the Board evidently 
confirmed our C.O.'s contentions, as within a week we were under orders to 
proceed to Dar-es-Salaam at once for embarkation to South Africa. 

Our last shot in East Africa proved to have been fired on November iSth 
in the attack on Nambwindingas. During the advance to the last-named place 
from Hatia Mission (November gth to iSth) we suffered a number of casualties, 
but had inflicted two or three times as many on the enemy. 

Privates S. Janaker (576) and S. Lewis (2898) were killed on November i6th, 
and the following died of wounds, viz. : 

Private D. Smouse (2100), November loth. 

Private C. Starkey (3100), November i6th. 

Private A. George (165), at Ndanda, November 27th. 

Private W. Behr (3111), at Dar-es-Salaam, November 2ist. 

Thirty-one men were wounded during the above period and there were also 
several casualties amongst our porters, stretcher-bearers, officers' servants, etc. 



Photo by] 

{ W. tt'aston Robertson, Pietermaritzburz, Natal 

Photo by] [The Middlcbrook Studio, Kimberley. 

R.Q.MS C. D. SASSE (209) (SEATED) AND C.OM s. 
A. J. REAGON (1143) 


Adjutant, 2ist January to 23rd June, 1917, and 
September, 1917, to May, igio. 



Our total casualties for the month of November, 1917, were : 

Killed. Died of Wounded. 

Officers ... ... ... 3 i 10 

Other ranks ... ... ... 13 8 So 

Total ... ... ib 9 90 

Honours and awards received during these operations were : 

Major Cowell. 

2nd Lieutenant S. V. Samuelson (prompt award). 

2nd Lieutenant W. S. Heaton (prompt award). 

Captain J. V. Harris. 

Captain J. H. Tandy. 

Lieutenant E. P. Stubbs. 
Mentioned in Despatches. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris. 

Major Bradstock. 

Captain I. D. Difford. 

Captain H. Edwards. 

Captain J. H. Tandy. 

Captain J. V. Harris. 

Captain J. M. Michau. 

Lieutenant W. Wigman. 

C.S.M. C. Calvert (152), (prompt award). 

Sergeant H. Damon (146=;), (prompt award). 

C.S.M. D. J. Brown (9). 

Sergeant P. D. Schoor (480). 

Sergeant I. W. Arendse (607). 

Sergeant J. Swartz (331). 

Corporal Carelse (688). 

Sergeant H. W. Abrahams, D.C.M. (278). 

Lance-Corporal M. C. le Roux (161). 
Mentioned in Despatches. 

C.Q.M.S. J. Davids (97). 

C.Q.M.S. W. H. la Vita (1127). 

C.Q.M.S. P. Heeger (21). 

C.Q.M.S. A. J. Hendricks (1067). 

C.Q.M.S. A. J. Reagon (1143). 

Pioneer Sergeant J. C. M. Paulsen (432). 

Sergeant W. S. Samuels (504). 

Lance-Corporal G. Charles (594). 

Lance-Corporal E. Beukes (100). 

Private C. Bailey (1373). 

Private P. Matawana (4)- 

Private C. Joseph (2133). 

Private A. Fortuin (592). 

Private J. Adams (1220). 

Private H. J. Symes (842^. 

Private F. Gallant (1731). 

Private A. Marsh (3140). 

Private J. Harold (1917). 

1 60 


Photo by] 

LINDI, G.E.A., OCTOBER, 1917. 


Photo by] [G. Horseman. 





On November 2gth news reached Massassi that von Lettow had crossed the 
Rovunia River into Portuguese East Africa. This necessitated road repairs for 
our mechanical transport 111 the direction of the river, and "A," " B," and 
" C " Companies spent three days on that job on the Bangalla road. 

On November 3oth an entire reorganisation of our Forces took place. The 
result, so far as it affected us, was our transfer from column 3 to Force 
Reserve, to the command of whicli Lieut. -Colonel Morris succeeded on December, 
ist. At the same time he became Post Commandant of Massassi, and Major 
Bradstock O.C. Detail Camp. As Major Hoy was still in hospital recovering 
from his wound, Major Cowell assumed command of the battalion. 

On December 6th Lieut. -Colonel Morris was evacuated to hospital with 
enteric fever. He was several weeks at Mingoyu (near Lindi) and did not leave 
East Africa until the 23rd January. 

In our advance from Hatia to Massassi we came upon the last two ' ' Koenigs- 
berg "4.1 inch guns, which the enemy had managed to retain up to that period. 
Both guns had been rendered useless before being abandoned. They had no 
doubt been of assistance in delaying our advance somewhat, but it is questionable 
whether the employment of the requisite porterage (six hundred per gun) and 
the labour involved in the conveyance of their rations was an economically sound 
proposition for a retreating force in such country. 

Quite a feature of the past month had been the splendid work done by the 
machine gun porters (vide chapter xviii.) and stretcher-bearers, especially under 
fire. Ten of these porters were mentioned in despatches as having received 
monetary awards for their bravery and coolness in action. The Shenzi porters, 
on the other hand, were not a success, but the fault did not lie so much with 
the individual as with the collective lack of training and discipline. 

On December 5th the most welcome order was received that the battalion 
were to leave in forty-eight hours to march to Lindi and proceed thence to 
Dar-es-Salaam for re-equipment and immediate return to South Africa. Captain 
Arnott was at once sent off by motor car to collect all men in the various hospitals 
and clearing stations between Massassi and Lindi, so that few as possible should 
be left behind. Men fit enough to march did so, and the sick were taken by the 
returning empty motor convoys. 

The next day Captain Difford also went ahead to Lindi by motor car and 
caught the first boat to Dar-es-Salaam in order to draw equipment and assist 
Major Hoy, who was there, to make the necessary arrangements for final 

It should be recorded that our supply organisation during the Lindi 
operations was first rate. Full rations were the rule not the exception. 

On December 6th all officers and men extra-regimentally employed returned 
to duty. Our Vickers and Lewis guns were handed over to the ist/2nd 
K.A.R., and our machine gun porters, stretcher-bearers and all surplus Shenzis 
were returned to the Carrier Corps. 

In orders that day a copy of the following cable from the War Office to the 
G. O.C. I.C., East Africa, appeared: 

" On the occasion of your driving the last remaining enemy force from 

German East Africa the War Cabinet desire to congratulate you and all 

forces under your command upon your recent successes, which during the 

past four months have resulted in the capture of six thousand prisoners, 

and the conquest of nearly fifty thousand square miles of hostile territory. 
' The determined endurance of your troops, who have had not only to 

overcome the resistance of a determined enemy but the difficulties of a 

tropical and roadless country, has been beyond praise." 

On December yth at 6.30 a.m. the battalion, under command of Major 
Cowell, marched out of Massassi homeward bound. The route taken was via 





Photo by] [Tin- Middh'biook Studio, Kimberley. 

Photo by] [/. C. Horsfall, Cafre Town. 

SERGEANT S. D. JANSEN, D.C.M. (1614). 

Photo by] IX. /. Bini, Clarcmont. 

CQ M S A J. REAGON (1143). , 

I'hoto by] [The Monochrome Studio, Durban. 


l6 3 


Ndanda, Nangoo, Njangao, Mtama, Mtua, Mingoyu, and L,indi, the last-named 
place being reached on December I3th. 

Major Bradstock remained behind at Massassi pending receipt of confirmation 
of his transfer to the ist/2nd K.A.R. which had been arranged. 

It is noteworthy that the marching out strength from Massassi was only 
some four hundred and fifty of all ranks, as against approximately twelve 
hundred who had taken the field from Lindi six weeks earlier. The casualty list 
accounted for one hundred and fifteen of these (killed and wounded) so that 
practically six hundred and thirty men, or an average of over one hundred per 
week had been admitted to hospital, chiefly, of course, with malaria. 

At Lindi a number of hospital dischargees were taken on strength, all 
remaining porters were handed over to Carrier Corps, and the Stokes trench 
mortars to Ordnance. 

On December i6th the battalion embarked on H.M.T. " Tuna," reached 
Dar-es-Salaam on the following day, and marched to the detail camp. The next 
two days were very busily filled re-equipping and in preparations for departure. 

On the afternoon of December igth the battalion was inspected by the 
G.O.C., Major-General J. L. van Deventer, who made complimentary reference 
to the good work clone by the Corps since their arrival in East Africa. 

Early on December 2oth we embarked on H.M.T. " Caronia " and sailed 
the same evening for Durban. Our embarkation was hopelessly muddled, with 
the result that a large quantity of kit was left behind. The kit taken on board 
did not fare much better. It was most carelessly slung into the hold, five decks 
down, and got considerably damaged in the process. The baggage of the Cape 
Corps, of the loth S.A.H., 7th S.A.I., and of sundry details was all mixed up 
and access could not be had to it during the voyage. 

Several officers had only the clothing in which they stood for a four days' 
voyage. The Union was reached during the Christmas holidays, which meant 
further delay bef&re they could purchase a change. The men were more 
fortunate as they were able to draw upon the Quartermaster to replace their 

Our departure from East Africa was tinged with regret at having to leave 
behind Major Bradstock, M.C. (transferred to K.A.R.), and Captain Hallier 
(seconded to Political Service). The former was one of the original Company 
commanders and greatly loved and respected by all ranks, and Hallier was a 
most conscientious and good soldier. The Battalion suffered a distinct loss in 
the transfer of those two officers. 

Thus ended over twenty-two months' continuous service in East Africa. 
We had landed at Kilindini on February i6th, 1916, very much of an experi- 
mental and untried unit. We left Dar-es-Salaam on December 2oth, 1917, with 
a reputation of which every one of us had ample reason to feel thoroughly proud. 
That fact was fully established by the G.O.C.'s farewell address to us at 
Dar-es-Salaam, and by the numerous wires and letters of congratulation (vide 
appendix) received from time to time from Force, Column, and Brigade 
commanders under whom we had served, and from various other highly-placed 
officers with whom we were brought into contact. The honours and awards list 
(vide appendix) is perhaps the most eloquent testimony to the men's calibre, 
capacity, and courage. 

Whatever success had been achieved had no doubt been due to the keenness 
and esprit dc corps of all ranks and to the intense loyalty to their Commanding 
Officer. Other units in other theatres of war had no doubt far heavier casualty 
lists, but very few can have undergone more continuous hardships. The long 
list of death from disease tells its own sad tale. 

The men were called upon at times for tremendous efforts, but the greater 
the call the greater the response. They were always cheerful and willing, never 



groused, and possessed a keen sense of humour which overcame almost every 
difficulty. The officers soon learned to have the greatest confidence in the men, 
well knowing that it would not be misplaced. The hotter the corner the more 
sure of them one became. 

Reference is made to the machine gun porters (mostly Kavirondo) in another 
chapter. They did grand work and were particularly fine in action. A number 
of those who were with us in the Lindi area had been in the field with us for 
twenty months and had become much attached to the officers and men of the 
machine gun section. They were well disciplined and knew more than the 
rudiments of drill. 

On two different occasions a porter carrying a gun slipped crossing a stream, 
but on each occasion by a gymnastic feat the man managed to land on his back 
and, with his hands, held up the gun to save it from damage. 

At Hatia a machine gun porter armed only with a panga (bush knife) chased 
and captured an enemy Askari. For this feat he received a monetary award. 
Our stretcher bearers were imbued with the same spirit and equally attached 
to the battalion. 

During our fight along the Mkonde plateau (November I4th to i8th) they had 
a good deal of dangerous work to do. But they were imperturable. When 
under heavy machine gun and rifle fire they always remained quiet until the 
word "stretcher bearers" was passed along. Then they would creep forward 
without hesitation and do their job efficiently and quietly. They had been well 
trained by Captain McNeil and followed his magnificent example when in 

Nor were the officers' Swahili servants, in their own sphere, less valuable. 
Every officer had one, and a few occasionally two, of these " warriors." They 
became much attached to their own particular " baas," and several became 
quite efficient " safari " cooks. On one occasion the late Major CowelPs well 
known " Impishi " carried the soup stock-pot eighteen miles on his head, and 
half an hour after arrival in camp, at midnight, surprised headquarters mess 
with a dish of steaming hot soup. 

On another occasion when there was a sudden alarm, several of these 
Swahilis rushed outside the perimeter where their officers were resting and 
brought all the kit to a safe place. One of these same boys later had a rare 
mix-up with a strange native who was trying to " pinch " his master's " bivvy " 
sheet. Many of them were very sad when we had to discharge them the day 
before we finally left East Africa, and the attachment was often mutual. Several 
of us would gladly have retained our Swahili servants as valets for life. 

During the period the battalion were in the Lindi area the following pro- 
motions and other matters affecting personnel have to be recorded : 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris, whilst temporarily detached for duty to act as Com- 
mander of Column 4 (October 26th to November I2th), was graded as A.A.G. 
with temporary rank of Colonel. 

Lieutenant (acting Captain) J. Arnott to be Captain vice Captain J. E. 
Dennison released from service (17.7.17). 

Lieutenant A.Buchanan (8th S.A.I., attached 2nd Stokes Battery) was at- 
tached for duty (8-23.11.17) vice Lieutenant C. F. Abbott killed in action. 

During November the below named received commissions as 2nd Lieutenants 
to replace officer casualties on the 6th idem, viz. : 

November 7th, No. 11332 Private C. A. Vipan (6th S.A.I.) 
November 7th, No. 10609 Private E. W. Templer (6th S.A.I.) 

(These two officers reported for duty on November gth.) 
November i/th, Staff Sergeant A. S. Gibson, S.A. Forces. 
(Reported for duty 1.12.17.) 



On October nth, C.S.M. D. Twynham (1092) became acting R.S.M. vice 
R.S.M. Betts invalided to South Africa. 

During October, Lieutenants Thompson and E. H. Browne and forty-two 
other ranks were invalided to South Africa, and during November Captains 
.\Iichau and Stevens ; Lieutenants Rackstraw, Leslie, Colson, Bain, Potgieter 
and one hundred and fifty other ranks. 

On November 2Qth, a draft of one hundred and seven other ranks arrived at 
Dar-es-Salaam from South Africa. 

On December i6th, Major Bradstock was transferred to the King's African 
Rifles, and Captain W. P. Anderson received the vacant majority. 

Acting Captain F. C. Hallier became Captain -vice Anderson promoted, 
and Acting Captain D. K. Pearse became Captain vice Captain Hallier, seconded 
to Political Department. Lieutenants Wigman, Heaton and Barnard were in- 
valided to South Africa on December igth. 

During the voyage of the " Caronia " from Dar-es-Salaam to Durban, 
Private Beit, G. (3483) died of cerebral malaria and was buried at sea (December 
25 rd). 

The officers of the battalion who returned to the Union on board the 
"Caronia" were: Major (Acting Lieut. -Colonel) C. N. Hoy, D.S.O., Major 
Cowell, Captains Tandy, Difford, McNeil, Earp-Jones, Burger, Robinson, 
Robertson, Cuningham, Arnott, Harris, Edwards, Pearse, Murchie, T. Rose- 
Innes, Stanford ; Lieutenants Botha, Bloxam, Bourhill, Coates, Davies, Difford, 
Dreyer, Feetham, Gardner, Gibson, Girwood, Hayton, Horseman, James, Pillans, 
S. Rose-Innes, Rose-Nel, Samuelson, M.C., Stubbs, Templer, Vipan and Ware. 

All of those, except Captain Robertson, had taken part in the Lindi opera- 
tions, as had also the following who were evacuated by hospital ship from 
Dar-es-Salaam, viz. : Lieut. -Colonel Morris, Captain Michau, Lieutenants 
Barnard, Colson, Leslie, Wigman, Heaton, M.C., Rackstraw. 

Our total casualties in East Africa during our whole period of service there 
(ijth February, 1916, to 20th December, 1917) were: 

Officers. Other ranks. Total. 
Killed in action ... ... 4 19 23 

Died of wounds ... ... i 12 13 

Died of disease and accident ... i 126 127 

Total deaths ... 6 157 163 

Wounded'in action ... ... 12 94 106 

Whilst in different parts of East Africa our sick and wounded were at 
different times admitted to the S.A. Field Ambulance commanded by Lieut- 
Colonel Girdwood. The result was always satisfactory, every possible care 
and attention being devoted to the patients. All ranks will always gratefully 
remember Lieut-Colonel Girdwood and his subordinates. 

After the battalion had finally left East Africa the following officers and 
men who had remained behind there returned to the Union, viz. : 
Per hospital ship : 

Lieutenant Walton (30.12.17). 
Lieut. -Colonel Morris (23.1.18). 
Seventy-four other ranks (during December). 
One hundred and six other ranks (during January). 
Per troopship : 

Twenty-four details in January, ex hospital, etc. 
Fifteen details in February. 

Lieutenant N. F. Howe-Browne remained in Fast Africa on special duty 
and on 2nd February, 1918, was seconded to the Political Department there. 

1 66 



HM.T. " Caronia " docked at Durban at 9 a.m. on Christmas day (1917). 
Our first greeting was a most satisfactory one in the shape of the following 
War Office cable in the morning paper : 

" The experiment of forming a combatant force of the coloured popu- 
lation of the Union of South Africa has been amply justified by the good 
opinion formed of the Cape Corps by 'the G.O.C. in Chief, East Africa, 
where this unit has rendered constant and valuable service since taking the 
field early in 1916. The capacity of the officers and the zeal of the rank 
and file reflect the utmost credit on all concerned with the organisation and 
training of the Corps, and on the loyal population from which it was re- 
cruited. It is the desire of the Army Council to afford the Cape Corps 
a further opportunity of service in another theatre, and the Union Govern- 
ment has accordingly been requested to reorganise the Corps with that 
object on its return from East Africa, after all ranks have had a period of 
rest and recuperation to which their services entitle them." 
As soon as the local officials came on board we were informed of the 
arrangements made for our disposal. These were, three hundred men to entrain 
at once for Potchefstroom and a like number for Kimberley, and the remainder, 
approximately six hundred, to go into Jacobs Camp near Durban. All ranks 
were then to be quarantined for a period of ten days during which every man's 
blood was to be tested for malaria symptoms. If the test registered two negatives 
the individual was to be allowed to proceed on a month's recuperative leave. 
Those who could not register the desired negatives were to remain in quarantine 
until they could do so. The reason why we were not all to be kept together was 
said to be lack of the necessary accommodation, medical officers, and facilities in 
any one place. Two special trains were" ready to take the Kimberley and Potchef- 
stroom detachments north at once. The " Caronia " was expected to dock 
three hours earlier than she actually did. When the delay was discovered no 
attempt was made to alter the time of departure of the specials. There was no 
time to get the bulk of the kits out of the holds and our disembarkation was 
consequently as much a muddle as our embarkation had been, and the majority 
who went north had perforce to travel without their kit. 

As soon as the gangways were in position a large quantity of Christmas 
cheer, the gift of the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee, was placed on 
board. Needless to say this act of thoughtful kindness was greatly appreciated 
by all ranks. 

The first special train left the Point 'Durban Harbour) at 10 a.m. for 
Kimberley. There were seven officers and three hundred men (" A " Company 
mid Headquarters) on board, Captain Tandy being O.C. train. Half an hour 
later Captain Cuningham left with "C" Company and the Machine Gun section, 
three hundred in all, for Potchefstroom, and our Acting C.O., Major Hoy 
travelled by the same train to report at Pretoria. After lunch Major Cowell with 
" B " and " D " Companies went by special tr?in to Jacobs Convalescent Camp, 


Photo Oy] 

[The MidiUcbrook Studios, Klmberley. 


Back^row (left to rurht) ^Captain I). Roam (Paymaster), Lieutenant A. A. Hayton, Captain 1. Arnott, 

V. Drew, 

Middle row : Captain A. Earp-Jones (Chaplain), Lieutenant G. W. de Villiers (Depot Adjutant), Lieutenant 
D. F. Botha, Lieutenant G. R. Barnard, Lieutenant E. P. Stubbs, M.C., Lieutenant G. C. White, 2nd 
Lieutenant M. S. Davies, and Lieutenant J. S. Dreyer, 2nd Lieutenant F. I. Girdwood, Lieutenant G. 
Horseman, Lieutenant E J. Rackstraw, and Lieutenant S. V. Sainuelson, M.C., Lieutenant B. H. Moin, 
2nd Lieutenant A. S. Gibson, Lieutenant T. E. James, Lieutenant A. N. Difford. 

in: ^apiam it. jioam iraymaster), Lieutenant A. A. Hayton, Captain J. I 

D.C.M., Lieutenant A. Leslie, Lieutenant S. H. Rose-Innes, Lieutenant R. A. Cloke, Captain D. W. 
S.A.M.C., 2nd Lieutenant C. A. Vipan, Captain J. W. Bouwer, S.A.M.C , 2nd Lieutenant R C 
2nd Lieutenant E. \V. Tcmpler, 2nd Lieutenant E. B. Bloxam, Lieutenant H. C. Manley (Signalling O 

H. Edwards, Captain T. P. Rose-Innes, Captain J. V. Harris, M.C. 

Absent from group : Captains W. Jardine and V. Mnrchie, Lieutenants R. Feetham, M.L.A., C. S H. 

Gardner, \v. T. wijinian, A. S. and (*.. A. Woods, M.C., 2nd Lieutenant C. R. Lambe. 

1 68 


half an hour from Durban. The special trains to the north were held up for half 
an hour at Pietermaritzburg and the men regaled with tea, cakes, and seasonable 
cheer by the Mayor and Corporation of the Natal capital, whilst the officers were 
equally well looked after by charming ladies. 

When Major Cuiiingham's detachment reached Johannesburg they were 
met by the Mayor (Mr. T. F. Allen), several other councillors, and leading 
citizens at Braamfontein Station. The Mayor extended a hearty " welcome 
home " to officers and men and congratulated them in the name of the 
Witwatersrand, the Reef, and the Transvaal upon their splendid record and 
service in East Africa. Major Cuningham suitably responded. 

On arrival at our Kimberley depot (De Beers No. 3 Compound) Captain 
Tandy's detachment met with an unpleasant surprise. During the holidays 
there had been some street rowdyism culminating in passages of arms between 
the men in the Regimental depot and the local hooligans. A great deal of 
capital was made by certain sections of the community out of what was 
really nothing but a storm in a teacup. The true facts of the case, as far as it 
was possible to ascertain them, were briefly as follows : The Cape Corps dep6t 
had been moved from Woltemade III. (near Cape Town) ten days before 
Christmas. Prior to that the Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Corps Dep6t had 
been located at Kimberley for some time. At that time they were badly dis- 
ciplined and in consequence had upset a section of the local inhabitants. On 
the other hand there is no doubt that the presence in their midst of a large 
number of coloured men wearing the King's uniform, and not averse to showing 
that they were proud of it, was an offence to many of the young slackers of the 

When the Cape Corps arrived at Kimberley from Woltemade the O.C., Major 
Anderson, was informed by the Chief Inspector of Police that the Beaconsfield 
hooligans intended to " have a go " at his men during the holidays. On 
Christmas Eve the rowdyism duly broke out and was repeated on a smaller scale 
the following evening, but thanks to strong handling of the situation by Major 
Anderson and to the good sense and discipline of the men, serious trouble was 

Acting on the principle that prevention is better than cure, Major Anderson 
was instructed by the District Staff Officer, U.D.F., to send his men (including 
the three hundred who had just arrived from East Africa) out of the town over 
the New Year holidays, and the whole depot accordingly camped out at Riverton 
for three days. They were without tents and the weather unfortunately proved 
cold and wet, and officers and men consequently spent a miserable New Year. 
The recent arrivals from East Africa, having come direct from a tropical 
summer, suffered severely and were justly indignant at having to undergo this 
unnecessary hardship. The discipline and restraint of the Cape Corps under 
severe provocation was beyond praise. (This matter is referred to again in 
Chapter XIX.) 

On arrival at Pretoria on December 27th, Major Hoy (Acting Lieut. -Colonel) 
was ordered to proceed at once to Kimberley to investigate and report. 

[NOTE. Lieut. -Colonel Morris it will be remembered had been left behind 
in hospital in East Africa.] 

On Major Hoy's report and undertaking to hold himself responsible for their 
good behaviour the men were at once brought back from Riverton. The day 
following the arrival of the detachments of the battalion from East Africa in their 
respective camps, officers and men underwent their first blood test and a second 
test was taken about a week later. During our stay in those camps we were put 
on special diet, being given such luxuries as fresh eggs and milk. This was 
absolutely necessary after the hard work and privations of the past twenty-two 
months. As a result of this treatment the majority picked up wonderfully and 



C.S.M. K. HUTCHINSON (no), D.C.M. 

C.S.M. M. J ABRAHAMS (1483). 

-' , "S. 



Photo by] {Grant Bros., Cape Town. 





quite a fair percentage obtained two negatives at once, and by the loth January 
quite fifty per cent, had been sent away to their homes on a month's recuperative 
leave. Those who could not pass the test were subjected to further treatment 
and dieting and by degrees about another twenty per cent, got a clean bill of 
health. The remainder were transferred to hospital at Kimberley and, sooner 
or later, discharged therefrom as permanently unfit for further war service. 

Between the isth and aoth February the majority of those on leave had 
returned to the depot at Kimberley, which about that time began to assume 
an extraordinarily busy aspect. Re-organisation, re-equipment, training, etc., 
was taken in hand in deadly earnest in order to prepare the battalion for its 
next adventure the advance into Egypt which was to take place as soon as 

During the period aoth February to aoth March some twenty officers and 
about eighty other ranks proceeded to the Gunnery School at Potchefstroom for 
refresher courses in Lewis and Vickers gunnery, bombing, etc. Several signal- 
lers attended the Signalling School at Potchefstroom, of whom eighteen passed 
out " classed as signallers." 

About this time the establishment of the battalion was reduced from six 
to four double companies and the following increased establishment authorised 
to accompany the battalion to Egypt, viz. : a Reserve Half Battalion, to consist 
of two double companies with the necessary officers. A Major was to be 
appointed to command one company and also to command the Reserve Half 
Battalion. Two subalterns of the R.H.B. were to act as transport officer and 
signalling officer for the battalion. Two subalterns, twenty-five other ranks 
and four machine guns were added to the Machine Gun section as a reserve. 
A medical officer was to be appointed to the R.H.B. 

Lieutenant C. S. M. Pillans was released from service on isth February 
"on ceasing to be employed with Imperial Service Contingents." 

On February 2ist, Captains Tandy and Michau returned to East Africa to 
give evidence in a court martial case at Dar-es-Salaam. Lieutenant James acted 
as Adjutant until Captain Tandy returned. 

Lieutenant B. H. Moin (loth S.A.I.) was transferred to the battalion 
(machine gun section) on 2ist February, 1918. 

Major Hoy returned from ten days' leave on ist March and resumed 
command of the battalion. 

Captain R. P. McNeil, M.C., S.A.M.C., resigned his commission on 
February isth, and, on March 2nd, Captain D. Drew, S.A.M.C., reported to 
replace him. 

Every officer and man in the battalion heard of Captain McNeil's decision 
with the greatest regret. For eighteen months in East Africa he had done 
magnificent work and the men had learned to have the greatest affection for 
and confidence in him. 

Captain C. E. Stevens relinquished his commission (by decision of Medical 
Board) 28th February, 1918. 

The following officers were released from service on relinquishing theii 
temporary Imperial commissions on the dates shewn (by decision of Medical 
Board) viz. : 

Lieutenant G. L. Ware (5.3.18). 
Lieutenant E. Rose-Nel (16.3.18). 
Lieutenant H. Walton (19.3.18). 
Lieutenant H. Coates (23.3.18). 

The last two named were very keen hard working officers who had done 
considerable service with the Battalion and their departure was regretted by all 



The battalion was honoured on March I4th by a visit of inspection from 
His Honour the Administrator of the Cape Province, Sir N. F. de Waal, 
K.C.M.G. Sir Frederic afterwards addressed the parade and expressed his 
pleasure at the smartness of the men. He also very highly complimented the 
battalion on their good service in East Africa and wished us luck and a similai 
record in Palestine. 

Mr. H. C. Manley was gazetted Lieutenant and Signalling officer on March 
i6th (vice Lieutenant R. A. Thompson seconded to Political Department, East 
Africa, December 23rd, i-gi 7). 

Whilst at Kimberley every officer and man was inoculated against enteric 
fever and small pox. 

On Sunday, March 24th, a most impressive farewell parade service was held 
at the Kimberley Cathedral. This was very largely attended by relatives and 
friends, it being our last Sunday prior to leaving for Egypt. 

Captain J. W. Bouwer, S.A.M.C., reported for duty on 24th March and 
was attached to the R.H.B. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris returned from leave and assumed command of the 
battalion on March 25th, but four days later, having been medically boarded 
temporarily unfit, handed over the command again to Major Hoy. 

Captain W. J. R. Cuningham was promoted Major, and to command the 
Reserve Half Battalion on 25th March. The month of March proved an excep- 
tionally busy time for all ranks. The end of the month found the battalion 
thoroughly re-organised and ready to take the field again. The health of all 
ranks, too, had very considerably improved. 

Shortly before the end of the month it was announced that embarkation 
for Egypt would take place at Durban early in April, but that owing to lack 
of accommodation on the troopship the Reserve Half Battalion would have to 
remain at Kimberley for the time being. 

The battalion left Kimberley in three special trains on Sunday, March 3ist, 
arrived at Durban on April 3rd, embarked on H.M.T. " Magdalena " next 
morning and sailed the same day. 

At Durban Lieutenant G. A. Woods, M.C. (ex 7th S.A.I.) and Lieutenant 
A. S. Ross (ex 4th S.A.H.) reported for duty. 

Thirty-two other ranks had to be taken off the ship at the Point as there 
was no room for them on board. They returned to the depot at Kimberley 
under Lieutenant A. S. Ross. 

The embarkation strength was thirty-seven officers and nine hundred and 
fifty-seven other ranks. The officers who embarked were : Major C. N. Hoy, 
D.S.O.. Major W. R. Cowell, Captains I. D. Difford, J. H. Tandy, A. Earp- 
Jones, D. Drew (S.A.M.C.), J. E. Robinson, F. Burger, D. W. Robertson, 
J. M. Michau, J. V. Harris, S. Youart, H. Edwards, D. K. Pearse, T. P. Rose- 
Innes, Lieutenants D. F. Botha, E. B. Bloxam, G. R. Barnard, R. Colson. 
R. Cloke, M. S. Davies, J. S. Dreyer, A. N. Difford, G. Horseman, A. A. 
Hayton, A. S. Gibson, F. I. Girdwood, A. Leslie, E. J. Rackstraw, S. H. Rose- 
Innes, E. P. Stubbs, E. W. Templer, S. V. Samuelson, M.C., C. A. Vipan, 
G. C. White, G. A. Woods, M.C., H. C. Manley. 

The Reserve Half Battalion had been brought up to full strength before 
the battalion left Kimberley and there were also two or three hundred men in 
the depSt under command of Major Anderson. There were also a considerable 
number of men in hospital at Kimberley, of whom many had to be discharged 
as "medically unfit for further war service." 




Photo by] {The Middlcbraok, Studio, Kimbcrlcy. 



Captain Arnott was detailed for duty at the hospital as Orderly officer (for 
ist Cape Corps) to assist the Medical Officer in charge (period February 15th 
to March 3ist, 1918). Captain Arnott was then himself released " medically 
unfit." Captain Arnott was the senior officer of the battalion in years, but 
one of the youngest in vigour, keenness and energy. He had done very good 
work in East Africa, enduring hardships with the best, and all ranks bade him 
farewell with very real regret. 

During the months of January to March, whilst so many of the men were 
on leave in the Cape Peninsula, Captain W. Jardine was detailed for special 
duty there to maintain discipline and to look after the men's interest generally 
In that capacity he rendered equally good service in the interests of the battalion 
and of the individuals. 



Killed in action, 8th November, 











TH-E " Magdalena " reached Port Suez on Friday, April igth. The battalion 
disembarked in fifty minutes and left at once by special train for Kantara, 
on the Suez Canal, midway between Suez and Port Said. 

The master of the " Magdalena " signed the voyage report as " satisfactory," 
and the chief officer reported that there had been fewer shortages and breakages 
of mess utensils than on any voyage since the vessel had been trooping. 

Kantara was reached at 2.30 a.m. 011 April 2oth, and we marched across the 
Canal at once to our allotted camp a very hot and sandy spot. Tents, cooking 
utensils and other stores were drawn without delay and after a long and tiring 
day everybody was more or less settled down by nightfall. 

On arrival at Kantara every N.C.O. and man was paid the sum of five 
shillings, a generous and much appreciated gift from the Cape Corps Gifts and 
Comforts Committee. 

Our camp at Kantara adjoined the Indian Base Depot, of which the O.C. 
was an old friend, Colonel Cunningham, whom we had met in East Africa 
whilst he was commanding the r/ioist Grenadiers. 

Colonel Cunningham gave us a hearty welcome and very kindly extended 
the hospitality of his mess to our officers until we were able to get our own 

Very soon after our arrival at Kantara our C.O. realised that we were 
soldiering under very different conditions to those which had obtained in East 
Africa. A thousand men, all practically fit, unattached to any Corps or Division, 
and unknown, did not seem to count for much here (in East Africa even a 
hundred fit men would have been a valuable asset to any column). 

It was learned that an endeavour was being made to retain the unit for lines 
of communication work, which was a most discouraging prospect after over a 
year in the front line in East Africa. Lieut. -Colonel Hoy at once drew 
np and forwarded to G.H.Q. a memorandum giving a resume' of the battalion's 
past record, its personnel, training, service, and honours won in the field. 
This apparently had the desired effect, for within a few days orders were 
received for the commencement of intensive training with a view to the 
battalion taking its place in the front line. At the same time all ranks fully 
realised that before attaining our desire we should have to undergo very searching 
and thorough tests. This proved an immediate incentive to increased keenness 
and put every man on his mettle. 

In accordance with instructions the battalion had arrived in Egypt without 
equipment of any sort not even rifles and Web equipment merely in the 
clothing they stood in. Orders were of course at once received to draw rifles 
and Web equipment. It was found that in Egypt the rifle was considered very 
much the primary factor for infantrymen, and that men were expected to have 
passed their musketry course before being considered of any value. It was also 
expected that fifty-five per centum should have come forward having a working 
knowledge of the Lewis gun, and that every man should be acquainted with 




. O) 




the characteristics of and be able to use the Mills Burrows hand grenade. 
Bayonet fighting and physical drill were also considered training essentials, and 
games requiring quick thought and action were encouraged to develop activity. 
Certain physical " stunts " had to be carried out at the double, a bayonet assault 
course was to be given to every man, and men taught to jump obstacles with 
fixed bayonets. 

In musketry, men were to be taught to thoroughly understand and read 
the back sight, and faulty trigger pressing the cause of so much poor marks- 
manship was to be rigorously checked. Unless the men were of good mental 
capacity they were to be eliminated, the maxim being " fools cannot become 

Recruits for the Machine Gun Company were, of course, to be well grounded 
in the Vickers gun, and a good percentage were to be trained as signallers. 

Officers were expected to know how to use the Compass and Protractor, the 
Lewis gun and its characteristics, the bomb (hand grenade) and its advantages, 
and to have a good knowledge of musketry, map-reading, sketching, and topo- 
graphy generally, etc. 

Biiefly, we very soon discovered that, although we had learned much in 
East Africa, there was a vast deal more to assimilate in Egypt. It was equally 
soon learned that there was far more system and method about the conduct of 
the Egyptian and Palestine campaign than there had been in East Africa. The 
departmental services, ordnance, supplies, etc., were very much more up-to-date 
and well organised, and the hospitals and medical services generally were in- 
finitely superior. In a word, we had left the amateur stage behind us and were 
by way of becoming professionals. 

A period of intensive training was foreseen, involving much hard graft, but 
all ranks tackled the task with a will, feeling that the satisfaction of knowing 
that we should be more or less masters of our craft would surely be our reward. 

Training was commenced in earnest two days after reaching Kantara, and 
continued without cessation for the next month. 

A week after arrival we were inspected by Brig. -General A. H. Lloyd, C.B., 
C.M.G., M.V.O., Acting I.G.C., P. L. of C., who expressed himself pleased 
with the clean and smart turn-out of the parade and the steadiness of the men 
under arms. 

The result of this inspection was the receipt of orders (May nth) to draw 
equipment as laid down for war establishment. 

On April 26th, Sergeant J. G. Berry (1135) proceeded to Alexandria for 
duty at Records Office (G.H.Q. 3rd Echlon) there. He remained there until 
the battalion left Egypt in August next year. 

On May and, Captain J. E. Robinson was admitted to hospital. He re- 
turned to duty a few weeks later ; but very soon had to be re-admitted to hospital. 
He was never well in Egypt, in fact should never have left South Africa. After 
a long spell in hospital in Egypt he returned to South Africa via United Kingdom 
on the i8th August, per hospital ship, and was finally released from service, 
medically unfit, on the 8th April, 1919. 

On May 3rd we were called upon to furnish a prisoner of war escort of fifty- 
four men. (There were thousands of Turkish prisoners in Kantara at that date 
who had to be escorted daily from and to their camp to carry out their allotted 
labours in various parts of the area). For several days af f erwards we found 
prisoner of war escorts, sometimes as many as eight to ten officers and four 
hundred other ranks being called upon, but on May nth the B.G.G.S. (training) 
visited us and found that training was being interrupted by those duties, which 
were consequently taken over by another unit. 





i So 


On May i2th orders were received to be prepared to proceed to El Arish 
as soon as equipping was completed. The original intention was that we were 
to go to Mex, near Alexandria, for further training in the same depot as the 
B.W.I. Regiments, but on Lieut. -Colonel Hoy making representations to the 
authorities as to the inadvisability of that, orders were given for us to establish 
our own depot at El Arish. 

On May isth, C.S.M. Rutherford, W. E. (290121) (a /7th Northumberland 
Fusiliers) reported for duty as battalion R.S.M., our C.O. having decided that 
our R.S.M. must be a man with experience of modern warfare as practised on 
the western front. 

On May i8th, Lieutenant Cloke (transport officer) and thirty-one other 
ranks were sent to the R.A.S.C. Animal Transport School at Ludd, and a 
number of men were sent to the Signalling School (at the G.B.D.) Kantara. 

Captain Chadwick, the officer in charge of signalling instruction at the 
G.B.D., was a very good friend to us. He assisted and advised our signalling 
officer and throughout our stay in Egypt took the greatest pains with and 
interest in our signallers. 

Before leaving Kantara, officers' chargers were drawn and a. portion of the 
prescribed establishment of a battalion's transport, i.e., G. S. wagons, travelling 
kitchens, water carts and mules. The balance of the latter was issued to us 
later at Ludd. 

Whilst at Kantara bathing parades, route marches, and several football 
matches supplemented the more technical syllabus of training, and tended greatly 
to increase the men's stamina and physical fitness. 

On May 2ist, the battalion proceeded in two special trains to El Arish to 
establish our depot there and to continue training. El Arish is on the Mediter- 
ranean coast about eighty miles east from Kantara. It had been our army 
headquarters in the Sinai Peninsula prior to our attacks on Gaza and Beersheba 
(in 1917). 

General Sir Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., took 
over supreme command of the E.E.F. on June 28th, 1917. He captured 
Beersheba on October 3ist and Gaza on November 7th of that year. Prior to 
his arrival there had been two costly and futile attacks on Gaza, mainly due 
to underestimation of the enemy's strength and his formidable defences. El 
Arish at the time of our arrival was still an important military centre. 

It was our advanced R.O.D. workshops and depot. There was also in the 
area a big School of Instruction and a very large Convalescent and Rest Camp, 
to which men were sent from the front for rest and recuperation. (There were 
over two thousand officers and men in the camp in May, 1918.) 

Others in El Arish at the time were a large R.A.S.C. dep6t, the 36oth (Water 
company) R.E., detachments of the Imperial Camel Corps and the Camel Trans- 
port Corps, the 43rd Casualty Clearing Station, the Scottish Horse Field Ambu- 
lance, Army Postal and Telegraph Units, and the 2O4th (Calcutta) Battery 
R.G.A. The latter, who were old East African friends of ours, had two big 
guns mounted to protect the place from attack from the sea. 

El Arish village was some two miles inland. The army were located on the 
sea board on a frontage of four or five miles. The climate was magnificent and 
the sea-bathing unequalled. The water was so warm that it did not bring out 
malaria as cold sea water always did, and our two months at El Arish effected 
a wonderful all-round improvement in health. The "snap" and vigour so 
absolutely essential, but which had been impossible in East Africa, soon re- 
turned, and henceforward was a marked feature of the battalion's work. 

Our camp was within three hundred yards of the sea and delightfully 
situated amongst date palm groves. Officers (except a few seniors who had Bell 

i? i 


V - ' 

Photo by] [I.D.D. 




I'lwlo by] [I.D.D. 



Photo by) II.D.D. 


(Left to right) LATE LIEUT. G. C. WHITE, 






I8 4 


tents) and men were housed in bivouac tents, which were very small and un- 
comfortable. That, however, did not deter the training in the least, and during 
the next two months all ranks put in a tremendous spell of hard work, which 
commenced at daybreak and continued till dusk and after. 

Vickers, Stokes and Lewis gunnery, musketry, bombing, trench warfare, 
physical drill, bayonet fighting, etc., were carried on without intermission, equal 
attention being paid to theory and practice. 

Coincident with the work done at El Arish nearly all the officers and 
N.C.O.'s and about twenty per cent, of the men went to Schools of Instruction 
in various parts of the country. The senior and machine gun officers went to 
the Imperial School at Zeitonn (Cairo). Bombing, trench warfare, scouting and 
Lewis gunnery were learned by subalterns, N.C.O.'s and men at the El Arish 
School, under Lieut. -Colonel Synott ; signalling at Kantara East ; bayonet 
fighting and physical drill at Mustapha (Alexandria) ; gas warfare at Rafa ; 
transport work at Ludd and cookery at Ismailia. Several subalterns also took 
the platoon officers' course at the El Arish school. 

Practically all the officers and the majority of the men passed their courses 
well. (There were no officer failures). In the case of a number of the men it 
was found that the written examinations were a stumbling block. This was 
proved by the fact that men who could read and write well obtained better 
percentages than others who were far better in practice and application. If all 
the men had been able to express themselves freely and fluently (in English) 
they would have done a good deal better, as the instructors with one accord 
commented on their practical knowledge, their keenness and attention at lectures, 
and their rapid and instinctive grasp of essentials. 

Lieutenant A. N. Difford headed a big officers' class at El Arish in trench 
warfare and bombing. He gained ninety-eight per cent, of marks and was 
classified as " I) " (distinguished), a rare honour which earned him a personal 
letter of congratulation from (ieneral Allcnby. 

On May aSth, Second Lieutenant A. M. McVey (ist Garrison Battalion 
Northants Regt.) arrived from the Gas School at Rafa and spent a month with 
us instructing officers and men in the theory and practice of gas warfare and 
the methods of protection against it. 

On Saturday, June ist, an all-day regimental sports meeting was held to 
celebrate Union Day (May sist). This proved a most enjoyable break to the 
steady routine of training. 

On June ist, Corporal W. Reeson (1/5 Suffolk Regt.) and Sergeant Pilley 
(1/5 Essex Regt.) reported for temporary duty as Lewis gun and bombing in- 
structors, respectively. 

On June 6th, Major Ackworth (G.S.O. 2) from headquarters, P. L. of C., 
spent the day in camp. He expressed satisfaction at the zeal with which training 
was being carried out. 

On June loth, Lieut. -Colonel Hoy assumed command of El Arish area in 
addition to his regimental duties. 

On June ijth, Bt. Lieut. -Colonel (temporary Brig. -General) E. N. Broad- 
bent, C.M.G., D.S.O., K.O.S.B., I.G.C., P. L. of C., inspected the battalion on 
parade and complimented the C.O. on the work being done. 

On June 28th, an excellent report was received from the O.C., R.A. Signal 
School (G.B.D.) Kantara East, with reference to the good work, keenness and 
conduct of N.C.O.'s and men whilst undergoing instruction there. The fol- 
lowing did exceptionally well, registering over ninety per cent, of marks, viz. : 



Photo by] IS. H. Rose-Innes. 




KANIARA, MAY, 1918. 


y] [S. H. Rosc-Intu-s. 


Photo by] II.D.D. 


In command of the Battalion iu Egypt (April- 

August, 1918}. 

1 86 


Private Jacobs, D. (1146) headed the class with ninety-seven per cent. 
Sergeant Alies, J. H. (825). 
Corporal Joyce, A. (574). 
Private Wyngaard, H. (1409). 
Private \\illiams, W. T. (436). 

Lieutenant Cloke and his men returned from the R.A.S.C. Animal Transport 
School at Ludd shortly before the end of the month. They brought back a report 
from the O.C. School to the effect that they had passed the course at the head 
of the list and that their conduct during training had been of the highest possible 
standard and a credit to their Battalion. 

At the end of June when the majority of officers and men had returned from 
the schools, the benefits of the courses of instruction were obviously most marked. 

The commandants of all the schools remarked on the keenness and good 
behaviour of all ranks. 

On July gth notification of an early move to Ludd and subsequently to the 
aoth Army Corps for service at the front was received. 

On July loth the musketry refresher courses of all ranks were completed. 
Though hurried, the courses had been most beneficial. 

Captain Difford went to hospital on July i3th and was away from duty 
for over two months. 

On the night of July i5/i6th the battalion entrained for Ludd in two 
special trains. 

During the training at El Arish the need of officers was greatly felt. With 
so many away at schools of instruction, and others still subject to recurrent 
attacks of fever, training was much handicapped. Had it ,not been for the very 
good work done by many of the senior N.C.O.'s, the position would have been 
most difficult. No reserve officers arrived in Egypt for four months after the 

The eight weeks of training at El Arish were all too short for most of us, 
though the majority worked harder than ever before in their lives. Double 
the period would have been none too long for all there was to be learned. 
However, we were considered " up to standard " and were wanted in front, so 
forward it was, and every man must have gone forward fully conscious of the 
fact that he was a far better equipped, efficient, and more knowledgeable soldier 
than when he landed in Egypt three months before. The C.O. too, one feels 
'sure, was quietly confident that his battalion, granted reasonable fortune, would 
not let him down when the supreme test came. 

During the period covered by this chapter it is highly satisfactory to record 
that there were no deaths in Egypt from disease. 

At Kantara, on May sth, Armourer Staff Sergeant G. Giles (R.A.O.C.) 
reported for duty as Armourer Sergeant, and Acting Armourer Sergeant J. H. 
van Rooyen (1270) handed over to him. 

When the battalion left El Arish for Ludd, Captain Burger remained behind 
to carry on the training of his Half Machine Gun Company. His strength was 
four officers and some one hundred other ranks. The officers were Lieutenant 
D. F. Botha, and 2nd Lieutenants M. S. Davies, F. I. Girdwood and E. W. 




OX arrival at Lucid, on July ioth, Lieut. -Colonel Hoy was informed 
that the battalion had been allotted to the i6oth Infantry Brigade, 53rd 
Division, XXth Corps. The XXth Corps was commanded by Major- 
General (temporary Lieut. -General) Sir Philip W. Chetwode, Bt., K.C.B., 
K.C.M.G., D.S.O. The 53rd Division was commanded by Major (temporary 
Major-General) S. F. Mott, C.B. The then commander of the i6oth Infantry 
Brigade was Bt. Lieut. -Colonel (temporary Brig. -General) V. N. L. Pearson, 
D.S.O. (2/ioth Middlesex Regiment). 

All ranks were fully impressed with the honour and privilege of allocation 
to such famous commands and were determined to prove worthy of the confidence 
placed in them. 

The other units of the i6oth Brigade at the time were the ist/'-th Royal 
Welsh Fusiliers, the ist/i7th (Loyal) Indian Infantry, the ist/aist Punjabis, and 
the i6oth Light Trench Mortar Battery. 

The 53rd Division consisted of the isSth, isgth, and i6oth Infantry 
Brigades, and the following divisional troops, viz. : 

53rd Divisional Cyclist Company. 

265th Brigade R.F.A. (A, B, and C Batteries). 

266th Brigade R.F.A. (A, B, and C Batteries). 

267th Brigade R.F.A. (A, B, and 439* Batteries). 

53rd Divisional Ammunition Column. 

436th and 437th (Welsh) Field Companies, R.E. 

72nd Company, 3rd Sappers and Miners. 

53rd Divisional Signal Company, R.E. 

53rd Divisional Machine Gun Battalion (No. 158, 159, and 160 Companies). 

ist/i55th Pioneers. 

53rd Divisional Train (No. 246, 247, 248, and 249 Companies R.A.S.C.). 

53rd Mobile Veterinary Section. 

The Division was composed originally of Territorial battalions, and landed 
in Egypt from Gallipoli as a Territorial Division. It took part in the advance 
from the Suez Canal, the first and second battles of Gaza, and eventually joined 
the XXth Corps on its formation in August, 1917. 

Certain British battalions were withdrawn and others amalgamated or 
disbanded between June and August, 1918, and their places taken by Indian 
units and the ist Cape Corps. 

Major-General S. F. Mott, the Divisional Commander, was well known 
nearly twenty years ago on the Western Province Cricket Ground at Newlands 
(Cape) when Captain S. F. Mott, the Rifle Brigade. 

When the Cape Corps joined the i6oth Brigade Lieut. -Colonel (temporary 
Brig.-General) J. W. Walker, D.S.O., T.D., R.F.A. (T.F.), was commanding 
the Divisional Royal Artillery. 




Having drawn transport, the battalion left Ludd on July igth and marched 
via Latron and Biet Nuba, south-east in the direction of Jerusalem, to a camp at 
Ain Arak known as Ranger's Corner, which was reached during the evening of 
July 2 1 st. 

Lieutenant G. R. Barnard died suddenly of malignant cerebral malaria on 
July 22nd at Ranger's Corner, to the great grief of the whole battalion. From 
the Rham Alia graveyard, where he was buried, those who were able to attend 
the funeral obtained their first distant view of Jerusalem. 

On July 22nd we moved to a new camp near Rham Alia, where our 
reception by the Division and Brigade was most cordial. The Divisional and 
Brigade Commanders, senior departmental officers, and others, called at once 
and everyone was most anxious to assist and shew us the ropes. On arrival at 
our first camping site with the i6oth Brigade the i/7th R.W. Fusiliers had 
already pitched tents ready for our officers. 

The expected great Palestine Push was evidently some weeks ahead, and 
all ranks were glad to hear of the probability of further opportunity for the 
continuation of training. 

When we arrived the i6oth Brigade were taking their turn out of the front 
line. (At that time each brigade, after a period in the front line, spent a month 
a few miles behind the line training and resting.) 

The Rham Alia area was said to be malarial, but it did not prove so for 
us. Nevertheless our sick parades began to grow to an alarming extent before 
the end of the month. The men suffered severely at first from diarrhoea and 
later on from influenza. 

During the four weeks we remained at Rham Alia opportunity was afforded 
to every officer and man to visit Jerusalem. Leave parties inarched from Rham 
Alia every two or three days, and the men were accommodated "in a leave camp 
at Jerusalem. Needless to say the opportunity was taken full advantage of 
and all ranks greatly enjoyed their good fortune. Guides were provided and 
every facility afforded to the men to see as much as possible in the time at their 
disposal, and to learn a good deal more than they knew before of the wonderful 
historical associations of Christendom's most holy city. 

During the period from July 23rd to August iSth we carried on strenuous 
training at Rham Alia. 

The divisional and brigade commanders closely supervised and carefully 
tested our field work. 

Rham Alia is twelve miles as the crow flies from Jerusalem. A light 
railway connected the two places before the big advance. This railway was 
twenty miles in length owing to the hilly nature of the country. It was 
specially constructed for the big push and was a wonderful engineering feat. 

At Rham Alia Lieutenant Leslie was appointed Assistant Adjutant, Lieu- 
tenant Samuelson, M.C., Bn. Intelligence Officer, and Lieutenant Woods, M.C., 
Bn. Lewis Gun Officer. 

Here it may not be out of place to briefly set forth the position of fhe 
contending armies in Palestine at this time. After the surrender of Jerusalem 
(December gth, 1917) General Allenby found that any further advance north- 
wards was out of the question for the time being. Roads had to be constructed 
and the improvement of communications in the forward areas to be attended 
to. Stores, supplies, and munitions had to be accumulated and until the 
railway had reached a point considerably nearer the front, this was a difficult 
task, and one rendered still more difficult by frequent spells of wet weather. 
Moreover, it was necessary before any further advance could be made, to drive 








River E , M 






' I//- 

~~ -^V 


the enemy east across the Jordan and thus render our right flank secure. That 
was accomplished during the latter half of February, 1918, Jericho being occu- 
pied on February aist. During March, the 2Oth and 2ist Corps cleared the 
Jordan Valley sufficiently to enable operations to be carried out against the 
Turkish line of communications to the Hedjaz. 

The passage of the Jordan was negotiated under fire, March 22nd/23rd, 
and during April operations were directed against Es Salt and Amman, about 
fifteen miles due east of the Jordan. Es Salt was occupied, but could not be 
held owing to the enemy's strength and the fact that they brought up large 

General Allenby accordingly withdrew his army across the Jordan on 
May 4th, and for the next few months was not in a position to renew the 
offensive owing to the reorganisation of his forces. British troops were at this 
time urgently required for the Western front and a heavy call was made upon 
the E.E.F. During the first fortnight of April the 52nd and the 74th Divisions 
embarked for France, and before the end of the month nine Yeomanry regiments, 
five and a half Siege Batteries, ten Infantry battalions and five Machine Gun 
Companies had been withdrawn from the line preparatory to embarkation for 

In May, a further fourteen British battalions were withdrawn, and during 
July and the first week in August another ten British battalions left. The 
Yeomanry regiments were replaced by Indian Cavalry sent from France, and the 
British battalions by Indian battalions from India. These latter had, however, 
not seen service during the present war, and a great deal of reorganisation and 
training was the natural corollary. 

The adoption of a policy of active defence was therefore necessary, during 
which only various minor operations and a number of raids could be carried out. 

The last Indians to arrive had been incorporated into divisions early in 
August, and General Allenby thereupon decided to make his big push about 
the middle of September. He would have preferred to allow the new troops 
further opportunities to accustom themselves to the prevailing conditions before 
calling upon them to embark on the anticipated arduous operations on a large 
scale. The rains, however, usually commence at the end of October, rendering 
the plains of Sharon and Esdraelon impassable for transport, and further delay 
was impossible. 

Before Allenby 's great advance took place (September iSth, 1918) the two 
armies were facing one another from the coast (about eleven miles north of 
Jaffa) to the Jordan and Dead Sea on a front of between fifty and sixty miles. 

Our 2ist Corps, under Major General (temporary Lieut. -General) Sir 
Edward S. Bulfin, K.C.B., C.V.O., held the coastal and Sheik Abbas sectors 
with headquarters at Jerisheh (near Sarona) and advanced headquarters at 

The 2Oth Corps headquarters were at Jerusalem from January to the middle 
of September, 1918, and were then advanced to Rham Alia. To the east of 
the 20th Corps the Australian and Anzac Mounted Division's held the line to 
the Jordan. 

On the nth August.Lieut. -Colonel Morris arrived from South Africa and 
resumed command of the battalion, and (Acting) Lieut. -Colonel Hoy reverted to 
Major and second in command again. 

On the night of August igth our Division took over the front line from the 
6oth Division. We were to the right of the Jerusalem-Nablus (Shcchem in 
biblical history) road, about ten miles north of Rham Alia. Curiously enough 
we faced the 53rd (and 26th) Division of the Turkish 2oth Corps. 



The i6oth Brigade marched to the Dar Jerir bivouac area at night (August 
igth) and took over from the iSist Brigade of the both Division the following 
evening. The route taken was from Rham Alia Home Counties road east of 
Beitin to Mary Cross. 

The Cape Corps took over from the i3oth Baluchis, with whom we had 
already seen service in East Africa. 

In taking up positions companies had to march two hundred yards apart 
and other usual necessary precautions against enemy aircraft action had to be 
taken. We occupied four positions as follows : 

Fusilier Ridge (" C " Company under Captain Michau). 
Ide Hill ("A" Company under Captain Harris). 
Kh Abu Felah (" B " Company under Captain Edwards). 

with "D" company under Captain Robertson in reserve at Tay Wady, and 
the whole under command of Captain Robertson. Battalion headquarters were 
close to Tay Wady. 

The quartermaster and his staff with stores, etc., were at Mary Cross, 
half a mile from the brigade forward supply dump, and the transport officer, 
with our wagons, etc., was seven miles back towards Rham Alia, at Wady 
Dougal, out of sight of enemy observation. 

Our Division was about fifteen miles due north of Jerusalem and occupied 
a front of about fifteen miles from Fusilier Ridge facing north-east to the hills 
above the Jordan Valley. The country was very rough, stony, and hilly, even 
precipitous in places. Trenches could not be dug and our defences consisted of 
sangars, stone and sand bag parapets and barbed wire. 

All movement during the day was limited to the irreducible minimum. 
Rations and water had to be brought up to the front line under cover of dark- 
ness. Our observation and snipers' posts were, however, kept fully employed 
during the daytime. 

Enemy aircraft came over hurriedly at rare intervals, but did not disturb 
us much as they were completely dominated by our own. In fact, as a new 
unit to this sort of warfare, we were very vastly impressed by the wonderful 
feats of the R.A.F. Their work was marvellous. They literally played with 
and seemed to delight in worrying the enemy flyers. 

Rations and water were brought up to us by camels, which were controlled 
by the brigade camel officer. For water convoy purposes each camel carried 
two fanatis (small lead tanks, capacity ten, twelve and a half or fifteen gallons 
each). This water was taken from a reservoir near Mary Cross. The daily 
water supply for a battalion was fifty-two full fanatis. 

At this time the enemy positions were dominated by our artillery, due to 
the fact that we held higher positions, and also because our observation was 
infinitely superior. For sniping purposes twelve pounders captured from the 
enemy and known as "pip squeaks" were used. For more important work 
the artillery's main weapon was the 5.9 inch Howitzer. Our observation and 
sniping posts were connected by telephone with battalion and brigade head- 
quarters, and also with the artillery. 

The battalion first came under enemy shell fire on August iSth and were 
continually so for a month, even when in reserve at Cheshire Ridge. Though 
disconcerting and annoying it was ineffectual so far as we were concerned, 
chiefly owing to strict attention to orders to keep out of sight during daylight 

On August 2ist our ranks were becoming seriously depleted owing to an 
epidemic of Spanish influenza, and the forward positions were being held by 
sixty men instead of full company strength of over two hundred and twenty. 
Consequently fresh dispositions had to be made. 



The i//th R.W.F. took over Abu Fclah from " B" Company, whose fit 
remnants joined the skeleton of "A" Compaq- at Ide Hill. "D" Company 
handed over to one hundred men of the i/7th R.W.F. at Cheshire Ridge and 
their " fits " reinforced " C " Company at Fusilier Ridge. 

By August 2jrd the effective fighting strength of the battalion had been 
reduced to two hundred and ninety-seven owing to the ravages of influenza. 
The front line was accordingly handed over to the i/jth R.W.F. and the 
battalion went into reserve, taking over brigade reserve headquarters at Cheshire 
Ridge during the night of August 23 /24th, and the influenza patients were 

A feature to be noted at this period was the good fellowship and comrade- 
ship which marked our relations with other units of the brigade. Officers and 
men were on the best of terms with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers and also with 
the Indian units. 

The i/iyth Indian Infantry had fought with us in the Lindi area (East 
Africa) and our patrols going through their lines at night employed the Swahili 
language. This was not only interesting but most useful, as many of them 
could not speak English and none of us Hindustani. Moreover, the Swahili 
lingo would have been Greek to the enemy, if perchance any of their spies 
contrived to sneak into our lines. In particular Lieutenant Samuelson, our 
intelligence officer and his scouts, found the Swahili medium most useful on 
numerous occasions. 

Although in reserve, and despite influenza, the next .few weeks were by 
no means a period of idleness. All fit ranks had to apply themselves to training 
with undiminished thoroughness. The company training attack scheme, com- 
pass marching, Lewis gunnery, gas and bayonet drill were practised with the 
most intensive application. A number of men were sent to the divisional forward 
Lewis gun school for a four days course and lectures were also attended. At 
these classes and lectures new methods of fighting were taught and the men 
practised the new ' ' stunts ' ' which were to be adopted in the forthcoming 

On September 4th, all battalion commanders were summoned to divisional 
headquarters and informed of the scheme for the impending big push, and the 
respective positions each would have to take on the given day were indicated. 
The C.O.'s of each battalion were the only persons let into the secret and they 
were then ordered to find similar positions and country behind our lines and 
rehearse their " stunts." Rehearsals at first took place daily and later on at 
night, the whole being practised over a distance of six and a half miles over 
rough, stony ground and deep Wadys (valleys and dry river beds). 

A week before the imminent advance company commanders were informed 
of the plan of campaign, and after the battalions had rehearsed separately for 
a few days the whole brigade rehearsed together. 

Early in September the influenza epidemic diminished appreciably and the 
battalion were able to devote themselves to rehearsals of the tactical scheme 
with the maximum of energy. These rehearsals were carried out with strict 
attention to detail and were most thorough in every respect. 

The Company that was to lead the attack on the given clay always did the 
same at rehearsal. In fact, this was the case even with platoons and sections. 

From September loth to lyth the battalion headquarters officers, the com- 
pany commanders and all other officers who were to participate in the attack 
did daily personal reconnaissance from our front line trenches, and spent hours 
studying the respective positions which they had to take. 




[Capt. D. Drew. 






Lieutenant Samuelson, our intelligence officer, took nightly patrols as near 
as possible to the enemy's positions and Sergeant Steyn, J. (947) and Private 
Sindon, H. (2339) did good work at night in going over the ground over which 
we were to advance and taking the time from place to place. 

On Sptember 6th, Captain Jardine arrived with a draft of one hundred and 
forty-four other ranks from the depot at El Arish. 

On the I4th September administrative instructions were received with re- 
gard to the coming operations. The officers were to be dressed exactly like 
the men (in serge) and were to discard Sam Browne belts in favour of Web equip- 
ment similar to that worn by the men. The men were. to move as light as 
possible, discarding their packs and haversacks. They were to carry sixty 
rounds of ammunition, one hand grenade, two water bottles and one day's iron 
rations. Greatcoats were not to be worn, but as it was to be night fighting, 
every man was to wear a white armlet. The enemy were accustomed to wear 
greatcoats at night. This made it possible for instructions to be issued that 
any man wearing a greatcoat and not wearing a white armlet CQuld safely be 

The men had, of course, been taught to observe strict silence and to use 
the bayonet in fact, no firing was to be done without special orders to that 
effect. " 

In addition to clothing actually worn the total weight carried into action 
by every man was thirty-one pounds. This included rifle, ammunition, extra 
(full) water bottle, etc. in fact everything. 

On the night of September isth, our Transport moved up from Wady 
Dougal and took cover just behind our line, where they collected the men's 
greatcoats, packs, haversacks, and other surplus kit. Blankets were dumped 
at the brigade dump. 

On the night of September i6th the battalion moved up to an olive 

grove, about one and a half to two miles from the starting point for the attack. 

On the same night Captain T. P. Rose-Innes arrived from the dep6t with 

the following officers : Lieutenant Ross and 2nd Lieutenants Antill, W. J. 

Buchanan, Hirsch, Hollins, Lambe and Solomon and one hundred and sixty men. 

Our tents were left standing in our old camp at Cheshire Ridge to mislead 
the enemy into believing that we were still there. During the iyth everyone 
had to keep under the trees in case of enemy aircraft observation. 

Full instructions had been issued for the use of light signals as an emer- 
gency by commanders of front line posts for communication with artillery and 
brigade and battalion headquarters in the event of the failure of other means 
of communication. The use of coloured lights by the enemy was to be at once 
reported, so that our own light signals might be changed if necessary. 

The artillery plan and programme for the attack had been worked out in 
most minute and precise detail and copies of same furnished to all officers who 
needed to know same. 

Our artillery consisted of : 

Five batteries (each six guns) 18 pounders. 
Three batteries (each 4 guns) 4.5 Howitzers. 
One battery (four guns) 6 inch Howitzers. 

Before detailing the plan of attack of the i6oth brigade a brief reference 
to the general situation on the whole front on the iSth September and the 
general plan of the offensive may, perhaps, prove of interest. 

At the beginning of September, General Allenby estimated the strength 
of the 4th, 7th and 8th Turkish armies at twenty-three thousand rifles, three 
thousand sabres and three hundred and forty guns. The 4th army six thousand 
rifles, two thousand sabres and seventy-four guns faced our forces in the 
Jordan valley. The 7th army held a front of some twenty miles astride the 



Photo by] [f.H.T. 


Kh Jibeit. Sqmirc Hill. 

(Taken ist September, 1918.) 

Piioto by] [J.H.T. 




Jerusalem-Nablus road with seven thousand rifles and one hundred and eleven 
guns, whilst the 8th army front extended from Furkhah to the sea and was 
held by ten thousand rifles and one hundred and fifty-seven guns. 

In addition the garrison of Mann and the posts on the Hedjaz railway north 
of it consisted of some six thousand rifles and thirty guns. 

The enemy's general reserve, only three thousand rifles and thirty guns in 
strength, was distributed between Tiberias, Nazareth and Haifa. His total 
strength amounted to some four thousand sabres, thirty-two thousand rifles and 
four hundred guns, representing a ration strength south of the line Rayak- 
Beirut of one hundred and four thousand. 

General Allenby had at his disposal two Cavalry Divisions, two Mounted 
Divisions, seven Infantry Divisions, an Indian Infantry Brigade, four unallotted 
battalions and the French detachment (the equivalent of an Infantry brigade 
with other arms attached), a total in the fighting line of twelve thousand sabres, 
fifty-seven thousand rifles and five hundred and forty guns. He thus had a 
considerable superiority in numbers, especially in cavalry, over the enemy, 
who were known to be short of reinforcements in fact, it was known that there 
had been considerable friction between the Turks and Germans in this con- 

General Allenby was anxious to gain touch with the Arab forces (our Allies) 
east of the Dead Sea, but was unable to do so so long as the enemy controlled 
the Jordan crossing at Jisr-ed-Dameh, which enabled him to transfer troops from 
the west to the east bank. The defeat of the 7th and 8th Turkish armies would 
give us the control of this crossing and would also leave the enemy's 4th army 
isolated, if it continued to occupy the countr}' south and west of Amman. 

General Allenby, therefore, determined to strike a blow west of the Jordan, 
where the whole Turkish army in that area was enclosed in a rectangle forty- 
five miles in length and only twelve in depth. 

All the enemy's communications to Damascus ran northward from the 
eastern half of this line, converging on El Afule and Beisan some twenty-five 
miles to the north. Thence his communications ran eastward up the valley of 
the Yarmuk to Deraa the junction of the Palestine and Hedjaz railways. 
Thus El Afule, Beisan and Deraa were the vital points of the enemy's communi- 
cations. If they could be seized his retreat would be cut off. 

The two former were within reach of our cavalry if the infantry could 
break through the enemy's defensive positions and create a gap for the cavalry 
to pass through." Deraa was within reach of mobile detachments of the Arab 
army, who could at least disorganise all traffic, even if they could not hold the 
railway junction. 

It was essential that the cavalry should reach their destinations before the 
enemy could make his escape, or before he could man the passes in the hills 
of Samaria, or their extension towards Mount Carmel, which had to be crossed 
before the Plain of Esdraelon and the Valley of Jezreel could be reached by us. 

For this reason General Allenby decided to make his main attack in the 
coastal plain rather than through the hills north of Jerusalem, where the ground 
afforded the enemy positions of great 'natural strength. In addition the coastal 
route would enable the cavalry to pass through the hills of Samaria at their 
narrowest point, thus ensuring greater speed and less likelihood of being 
checked. The rationing of a large force of troops in the plain also presented 
fewer difficulties. 

The main difficulty lay in concealing the withdrawal of two cavalry divisions 
from the Jordan Valley, and in concentrating secretly a large force in the coastal 
plain . 


To prevent, if possible, the decrease in strength in the Jordan Valley being 
discovered, Maj. -General Sir Edward Chaytor, K.C.M.G., C.B., A. B.C., was 
ordered to carry out a series of demonstrations with the object of inducing the 
enemy to believe that an attack east of the Jordan was intended, either in the 
direction of Madeba or Amman. 

The enemy was thought to be anticipating an attack in these directions and 
every possible step was taken to strengthen his suspicions. At this time a mobile 
column of the Arab army, accompanied by British armoured cars and a French 
mountain battery, was assembling at Kasr-el-Azrak, fifty miles east of Amman. 
The real objective of this column was the railway north, south, and west of 
Deraa. Should the concentration of this column be observed it was hoped that 
the demonstrations by Chaytor's Force would strengthen the enemy's belief that 
a concerted attack on Amman was intended. 

Sir Edward Chaytor's Force consisted of the Anzac Mounted Division, the 
20th Indian (Imperial service) Infantry Brigade, the 38th and 3Qth Bns. Royal 
Fusiliers and the ist and 2nd Bns. B.W.I. Regiment. 

Whilst the concentration in the coastal plain was nearing completion, the 
enemy's railway communications at Deraa were attacked by the Royal Air 
Force, and by the mobile column of the Arab army, which, after concentrating 
at Kasr el Azrak, fifty miles east of Amman, had moved into the Hauran. 

The railway line and station buildings at Deraa were damaged by the Royal 
Air Force on September i6th and i7th. On September i6th the Arab column, 
which had been joined by the Shalaan sections of the Rualla, Anazeh, and by 
a number of Druses, attacked the Hedjaz railway, fifteen miles south of Deraa, 
destroying a bridge and a section of the railway. On the following day the 
line was attacked both north and west of Deraa, extensive demolitions being 
carried out. As the result of these demolitions all through traffic to Palestine 
ceased, and a considerable quantity of transport, which had been intended for 
the Hedjaz, was diverted to bridge the break in the railway. 

The day before the September advance the enemy intelligence service 
issued a disposition map, which was later captured in the headquarters of the 
Yilderim army group at Nazareth. The information embodied in this map was 
quite in accordance with the enemy's air service reports that " no essential 
changes had taken place in the distribution of the British forces." No change 
was shewn. The move of the 6oth Division into the 2ist Corps area, and the 
concentration of the cavalry on the coast, not to mention the alteration in the 
front of the loth and 53rd Divisions, were passed unnoticed. The latter was 
apparently considered as being in reserve to the sector lately occupied by the 
Desert Mounted Corps. 

The 6th Poona Division (then in Mesopotamia) was shewn as being within 
ten miles of the front line. The position of our general headquarters was not 
shewn, and that of the 2ist Corps headquarters was placed eleven miles from 
where it was actually to be found. The French troops in the line were queried 
as Italians. 

On i8th September General Allenby's preliminary concentration was com- 
plete. The divisions detailed for the main attack, i.e., the 6oth, yth, 75th, 
3rd, 54th and the French contingent, had actually taken up their positions, 
the troops previously holding the coastal sector having closed up on their own 
flanks to make room for them. 

The cavalry were concealed in the orange and olive groves, two divisions 
immediately north and east of Jaffa, and one (the Australian Mounted Division) 
near L,udd ; all were within easy reach of the positions, of assembly which they 
were to occupy during the night iSth/igth September. On the right the loth 



and 53rd Divisions had closed in their outer flanks, west and east respectively, 
leaving their centre from Kefr Malik to Jiljulia covering the main Jerusalem- 
Nablus road to be occupied by " Watson's Force," a composite detachment 
formed from the 2Oth Corps cavalry regiments, two pioneer battalions, and the 
aoth Corps reinforcement camp. 

Now- to return to matters of more immediate concern to this narrative. 

The operation orders for the i6oth Brigade read as follows: 

" The Brigade will make a night march and break through the enemy 

works on Wye Hill and advance along the watershed east of the Wady 

Samieh to Dhib and Square Hills with the object of entering the enemy's 

main line defences at Valley View and about El Mugheir from the rear 

of those works." 

The isgth Brigade were on the left of the i6oth with the isSth behind 
them. The i/i7th (Loyal) Indian Infant^ were to act as the advance guard 
for the i6oth Brigade. Their objective was to secure the crossing of the Wady 
Samieh for the troops following, then to call for the artillery bombardment to 
commence on Sh-el-Azier and Valley View and to advance close under the 
bombardment, and, when it lifted, to assault Wye Hill. One company was then 
to follow the Cape Corps and mop up certain enemy defences. The remaining 
three companies were on entering the front line works, to turn left and right, 
mop them up, and then picket the flanks of the advance. 

The Cape Corps were to follow the i/i7th Infantry, pass through them and 
march along the watershed to take Dhib Hill, Chevron Hill, Crest Hill, End 
Hill, and Square Hill, pickets being dropped en route to protect the right of 
the advance. Smoke shells were to be fired on the forward slopes of Dhib Hill 
to serve as a guide. On arrival at Dhib and Square Hills the battalion were to 
be responsible for protecting the right flank of the brigade against counter 
attack from the east, north-east and north, and touch was to be gained with 
the left Lewis gun detachment of the i7th Infantry who were to follow the 
Cape Corps and relieve them on Chevron and Crest Hills. When the i/7th 
R.W.F. signalled the capture of Hill 2362, detachments were to be pushed 
forward to seize Kh Jibeit. The 1/7 R.W.F. were to follow immediately 
behind the Cape Corps until they could disengage to the left of Dhib Hill, 
when they were to march direct on Tongue Hill. When the bombardment of 
Valley View ceased they were then to push along the track to El Mugheir, their 
special objectives being Sh-el-Azeir, El Mugheir, Boulder Boil and Hill 2362. 

The aist Punjabis were to follow immediately behind the i/7th R.W.F. 
during their attack on Sh-el-Azeir and eventually to concentrate at the northern 
end of Valley View. 

The following precautionary measures were adopted in case the brigade 
or any of its component battalions were heavily reversed : One Colonel per 
brigade remained in reserve at brigade headquarters, and from each battalion 
the following : One company commander, and from each company the junior 
captain and one subaltern and as many N.C.O.'s as would be necessary to help 
reorganise in case of heavy casualties. (These precautions subsequently proved 
a godsend in the case of the ist Cape Corps.) 

Under the above scheme Lieut. -Colonel Morris remained at brigade head- 
quarters until the afternoon of September igth and Major Hoy commanded the 

On our intelligence maps (of which, of course, every company commander 
received a copy) the enemy's machine gun posts, water, headquarters, etc., 
weie clearly marked. At n a.m. on the i8th September, Lieut. -Colonel Morris 
personally explained the. plan of action, and emphasised the importance of the 
work to be done, to all ranks, a platoon at a time. The men's keenness when 










they understood that a big job was on hand was intense, and men who had 
been reporting sick for days past suddenly forgot their ailments. The battalion 
sick parade actually fell from sixty to three in one day. 

Each company took two Lewis guns into action, with the ammunition for 
same carried in magazines by men, and the remaining eight guns were to follow 
under the battalion Lewis gun officer, together with ammunition on pack mules 
at dawn next day. One platoon was detailed to carry eleven miles of telephone 
wire for the signallers, the same having to be laid as we advanced, no easy 
job in the dark over rough and stony country. 

To denote the positions we had to take in sequence our artillery dropped a 
smoke shell every five minutes on to the positions, in case we lost our way in 
the dark over ground which had been reconnoitred by aircraft only. These 
smoke shells proved extremely useful in indicating directions. 

The disposition of the i6oth Brigade previous to the issue of the above 
operation orders was the line from and including Fusilier Ridge, Ide Hill, 
Kh-abu-Felah, and Round Hill (all held by Royal Welsh Fusiliers), Cardiff 
Hill, Bubbly Knoll, The Warren, Rock Park, Pear Hill (all held by i7th Loyal 
Infantry), Morris Hill, Kubbet-en-Nejmeh (held by aist Punjabis) with the 
Cape Corps in reserve at Cheshire Ridge. Brigade Engineers under Major 
Campbell, M.C., occupied a strong post on the lower slopes of Chipp Hill on the 
Strand road. 

Brigade headquarters were at Drages Hill, immediately behind Cheshire 
Ridge. Our forward supply dump with motor transport (R.A.S.C.) were at 
Mary Cross, at the junction of Home Counties road and the Strand road ; main 
supply dump at Rham Alia ; the Camel Corps with thousands of animals were 
at Dar-Jerir ; Machine Gun headquarters were at Tell Asur, behind Tinto Hill, 
whence machine guns were distributed to battalions just previous to the start. 
Aerodromes were situated twenty or thirty miles behind the scene of operations. 

On the evening of September iyth, the whole of the fighting strength of 
the brigade congregated at and near Wady Dar Jerir, behind Rock Park and 
Pear Hill, leaving only skeletons to hold the line. 

Animal transport (reserve ammunition, reserve Lewis guns, water, trans- 
port, etc.) gathered at a point behind El Munatir and near to Morris Hill, thence 
to be ready to move forward first down Wady el Akhraf and then into Samieh 

Artillery batteries had a few days previously moved by night right forward 
to the reserve line on to and within easy distance of the good road leading down 
the Strand into Tay Wady and Wady-el-Kola. 

Patrols of the I7th Loyal Infantry under Captain Hammond, M.C. (killed 
subsequently on the 2Oth) on the night previous to the push penetrated into 
enemy positions far beyond previous limits and ascertained that the Turks had 
no " forward strong posts," but had outposts at the heads of the valleys leading 
up to their main works. 

On the same night Major Hoy took the battalion intelligence officer and 
Private Sinden (a scout equal to the best) on a patrol, to examine the ground 
and ascertain the best descent to be made by the battalion the next night to 
the "meeting" point of the whole brigade in Wady Samieh (no man's land). 
They also took " times," that is timed distances from starting to meeting points, 
and also took bearings with a strongly illuminated compass. Major Hoy left 
nothing to chance and wanted to see everything himself before starting. 

During the daytime of the iSth September troops were ordered to have a 
thorough rest. The men of the Cape Corps spread themselves out under the 
numerous olive trees and indulged in such rest as fatigues, and arms, ammuni- 
tion, water, and emergency ration inspections would permit. A venturesome 





c _r 

4> r - 

-^ ^ 

I I 

.-; u 


" S 

.. ?, 

^ - 

bu 5 






Turkish aeroplane, at a height of some ten thousand odd feet, travelled at full 
speed homewards, chased by a couple of Britishers, and caused some of the men 
to open one eye and exclaim in disgust, " Hij is bang." (" He is afraid.") 

An extract from an officer's diary says: "Between rests the men sang, 
made their wills, said their prayers and washed their teeth ! ! At the immediate 
prospect of a scrap at close quarters they were high-spirited and full of vim." 

Just at sundown the battalion assembled and moved off to a point at Pear 
Hill, not under enemy observation. Immediately after dark, guided by Major 
Hoy and the intelligence officer, we moved forward in column of fours over 
the sky-line and descended the heights, over stony and precipitous country to 
the meeting point in the Samieh Wady. The order of the companies was " B " 
(Major Cowell), "A" (Captain Harris), "D" (Captain Robertson), "C" 
(Captain Youart) with headquarters staff and signallers immediately behind the 
leading company. The M.O. with his staff and stretcher bearers followed in 
the rear. 

The brigade mustered silently at Wady Samieh without mishap or dis- 
turbance from enemy fire, although the place was fully exposed in daytime. 
Here rather a tedious hour was spent, first getting the brigade into formation 
and position and the separate battalions into their own formation. Half an hour 
before the brigade again pushed on Captain Hammond, M.C., with two platoons 
of Indians under Indian officers, went forward to mop up the outposts at the 
heads of the valleys on either side of our line of advance in Usk and Wye Wadis. 
This was duly done and caused the enemy to send up alarm rockets. The 
line of advance was out of Samieh Wady over the highest point between Usk 
and Wye Wadis, which necessitated a precipitous climb of twelve hundred feet. 

Much to our surprise and delight we were allowed to proceed right through 
Samieh Wady, and it was not until we approached Wye Hill (the iyth Infantry's 
objective) that any fire was opened on us. At this time the enemy, too late, 
put down a barrage into Samieh Wady, disturbing our transport. 

The approach to Wye Hill was most precipitous, and to-day one wonders 
how we reached the top. Consequent upon this fact a short delay was neces- 
sary in order to enable the slowest of the men to catch up to the more vigorous. 
Colonel Fagan, D.S.O., in command of the xyth Infantry, rightly decided, there- 
fore, to delay calling for the barrage until such time as he was sure that the 
whole brigade was up the hill and closed up. At 10 p.m. (zero hour) he asked 
for the barrage and after twenty minutes bombardment of Wye Works his 
battalion attacked with great dash and tcrok the position in a few minutes. 
Colonel Fagan and his regiment were under machine and rifle fire the whole 
time and took eighty odd casualties in capturing the hill (including Colonel 
Fagan himself) which they did at the point of the bayonet, capturing forty or 
fifty prisoners and seven machine guns. 

Immediately following the capture of Wye Hill the Cape Corps went on, 
"B" Company leading, towards Hill 2260 and Chevron Hill. After a five 
minutes' barrage "B" Company seized those objectives and, after short bom- 
bardments, Crest and End Hills also, whereupon "A" Company took Dhib Hill 
without opposition. The r/7th R.W.F. then turned west to attack Valley View 
and HI Mugheir, and " D " Company went on to attack Square Hill, which was 
found to be strongly held. A barrage of five minutes having been put down 
"D" Company got the hill after some machine gun opposition, and "C" 
Company was sent up to reinforce them before dawn next morning. They 
consolidated the position and, all the night's objectives having been gained, 
the brigade consolidated to await the next move. 

The operations just described had taken from 6.45 p.m. (i8th) to 4 a.m. 
(i Qth). 


Tell Asur 

Shriving thf 

: ,t Siiu;in; Hill, Kh Jibeit, etc., attacked and captured by 




KM l)f-- 1 - ( iu 


.tp. Corps and other units of the i6oth Brigade (53rd Division XX Corps), 

tli, 1918. 


The enemy made one fairly persistent counter-attack on Square Hill, but 
our men did not reply to their fire which gradually subsided. 

The work during this night was practically all done with the bayonet. 
The strictest silence had been enjoined and the men carried out orders implicitly. 
Owing to the over-keenness of three men who tried to capture about twenty- 
five of the enemy on their own, a nice little coup was missed that night on 
Square Hill. If the three had waited for the headquarters reserve platoon to 
get into position the whole twenty-five might have been captured. 

The original intention was for " D " Company to take Dhib Hill and " A " 
Company Square Hill. The hills were however mistaken in the moonlight and 
as Captain Robertson was " well in " to Square Hill by that time " A" Com- 
pany were sent to cut across and tackle Dhib Hill. No time was lost in the 
change of plan. 

Lieutenant Dreyer and his platoon (" C " Company) were sent about this 
time to cut off any enemy breaking through from Dhib Hill to Valley View. 

The capture of Dhib Hill and El Mugheir was an important factor in the 
whole plan of operations from the sea to the Jordan. It was on high ground 
commanding the road from the Jordan Valley whence enemy reinforcements 
would come, and was the pivot from which the whole attack would then swing 
round on to the first main objective, Beisan. Furthermore, a strong offensive 
would, it was hoped, lead the enemy to suppose that this was the point of our 
main attack and thus induce him to draw reinforcements from the coastal area 
(his right flank) and afford our cavalry the desired opportunity to break through 

The capture of Square Hill was effected about 4 a.m. on September igth 
and the signal was at once given (at 4.30 a.m.) by a tremendous thunder of 
guns right along our front to the sea. After an intense bombardment of fifteen 
minutes the infantry deployed for action and the main coastal attack was fully 
launched before dawn. 

Our signallers did very fine work during the advance on Dhib and Square 
Hills. They kept right up with the advance and in communication with brigade 
headquarters and the artillery. 

The line was several times broken by the enemy's barrage but was im- 
mediately repaired. 

During the night of September i8th the ist Cape Corps captured one 
hundred and eighty-one prisoners. Lieutenant Samuelson handed over eight 
officers and one hundred and twenty-three other ranks to the prisoner's guard, 
and Sergeant February (92) and twenty men of " C " Company captured forty- 
three others including two officers. The circumstances of the latter capture 
are well worthy of record. February and his men were assisting our signallers, 
who were laying their line on our left flank nearest the enemy. When they saw 
the enemy party advancing they chucked down their wire and, shouting, 
went for them with the bayonet. The forty-three, evidently believing a large 
force was advancing, "hands-upped," and February and his twenty men got 
the lot. For this and other good work that night Sergeant February deservedly 
got the D.C.M. 

Sergeant February had altogether thirty men with him. At each temporary 
halt they were used as a headquarters reserve platoon. 

On the same night at Square Hill Lance-Corporal Thimm (3713) and the 
Lewis gun sections of " C " and " D " Companies captured an enemy field gun. 
They were on the flank and saw the gun moving down a road. They at once 
got into action at three hundred yards range and shot down all the mules 
except one. The gun team were all killed, except one sergeant who escaped. 
This gun was brought into camp the following evening and was the first gun 
captured on the Palestine front during Allenby's great push. It is now in 

2 10 


'A L- 

3 .= 
g | 

a = 

H a 



Pretoria, with another one mentioned below, until such time as it can be placed 
with the ist Cape Corps Memorial which is to be erected at Cape Town in d 

For this bit of good work Lance-Corporal Thimm was promoted Corporal. 

Another gun was put out of action on the northern slopes of Square Hill 
about the same time, and we got it when we advanced towards Kh Jibeit next 

The night of the i8th September was our first encounter with the Turks 
in Palestine (except patrol and outpost, skirmishes). The men fought with 
magnificent spirit and dash and were clearly determined to prove that a Cape 
Corps man was more than a match for Johnny Turk. Our casualties that night 
were very light, viz. : Killed : Lance-Corporal Visagie, S. (139) J Wounded : 
Private Gobey, S. (14/9)- 

About 10 a.m. on September igih our Brigadier made a redistribution of 
his forces, which resulted in our " A " and " B " Companies concentrating at 
Dhib Hill. They then handed over the Hill to the zist Punjabis and moved down 
behind Square Hill in the afternoon, where they were held in reserve. Through- 
out the day there was continuous sniping and enemy shelling but nothing 
material transpired. The enemy shelled us intermittently with high explosive 
and shrapnel. Our casualties during the day were, Killed : Private Jonkers, J. 
(3891) ; Private Groep, G. (1698) ; Wounded : Private Hahman, D. (2363). 

Captain Robertson, early on the morning of the iQth, reported by runner 
from Square Hill to battalion headquarters (then at Dhib Hill) that " there was 
a big retirement of the enemy in the Jordan Valley northwards." 

This information confirmed our confidence that we should be free from 
attack on our right flank. Our left flank we could see for miles and were in 
helio communication with the prominent positions of El Mugheir and Boulder 
Boil and the nearer peaks of Hindhead. Thus, our flanks being perfectly 
secure, we were only faced with the difficulty of holding the enemy, who, to 
cover retirement, had all mustered at Kh Jibeit, immediately in front of us at 
a distance of about seven hundred yards and covered on both flanks, i.e., by 
Gallows Hill on the south-west and Outpost Hill on the east. 

Here a reminder is necessary that all we had to do was hold on and keep 
as many of the enemy as possible busily engaged opposing us. The break 
through and advance was to come from the coastal area, swinging round on us 
the pivot. 

The next divisional move seemed to us to be obvious, i.e., to extend our 
advance along the high commanding ground at Hindhead, which was lightly 
defended, if at all. 

Such a move would have caused an immediate retirement from Kh Jibeit, 
otherwise the whole force would have been cut off from the possibility of 
retirement on Domeh. But for some reason, of which we were unaware, it was 
decreed otherwise, and the Cape Corps was ordered to storm and capture the 
isolated and strong position of Kh Jibeit. It was isolated because we cquld 
not possibly draw in support from the flanks owing to the nature of the terrain 
on either side. 

On September igth the men turned in early thoroughly tired out. After 
dark Lieutenant Hirsch brought up a camel convoy with water and rations 
and Lieutenant Woods, M.C., came up with his eight Lewis guns. At about 
9 p.m. Corporal Ruiters, M.M. (269) went out with a patrol to ascertain the 
approximate strength and exact position of the enemy. They did a very 
dangerous job thoroughly, returning about midnight with valuable information. 





I E 

s * 

Q ^ 


F 's 

'/. i 



2 - 
2 * 



At about 9 p.m. that night, Lieut. -Colonel Morris, who had taken over 
command of the battalion from Major Hoy during the afternoon, received orders 
to advance on Kh Jibeit before dawn next morning and to have and to hold it 
by 7.30 a.m., and all preparations were at once made. 

Kh Jibeit was a stronghold situated on three apparently small hills running 
parallel to the ridge we held at Square Hill, with the main enemy position on 
the middle hill. Enfilade and oblique machine gun and rifle fire could be 
brought down on either flank from the main position. The approaches to the 
position were over a flat wady, affording no cover or protection to attacking 
troops. The length of the position was approximately fifteen hundred yards 
and the average breadth of it four hundred yards. The enemy right flank 
rested on an extensive flat, and the left flank on hilly country where no recon- 
naissance had been made by our troops. Enemy strength immediately opposing 
us was not known, but was not regarded as considerable. Supports in large 
numbers were, however, it was certain, at Domeh, four miles in the rear. 
About two thousand yards behind the enemy position there was also a battery 
of artillery, which could support the garrison at Kh Jibeit. (It was ascertained 
afterwards that five hundred supports had been brought up from Domeh on the 
evening of the igth September). 

Before the attack our position was this : " D " Company held the sangars 
and trenches of the " forward " slopes of Square Hill and had good observation 
of the enemy position and all approaches. " C " Company was in immediate 
support of " D," under complete cover from enemy machine gun and rifle 
fire and also from enemy observation. " A " and " B " Companies were resting 
in support some four hundred yards in the rear in the valley separating Dhib 
Hill from Square Hill. 

One company of the 1/7 R.W.F., under Lieutenant Jones, held Knib Knoll 
some five hundred yards to our left rear. 

Besides our company Lewis guns in the front line we had also two Vickers 
machine guns there and two others (four altogether) on Dhib Hill, all covering 
the approaches to our position on Square Hill. Lieutenant Woods, M.C., in 
command of the reserve Lewis guns, also had his guns forward ready for 

The two machine gun posts (forward and rear) were connected up by tele- 
phone and were all under the command of Lieutenant Riley, M.G. Corps. 
Telephone connection was also established between regimental and brigade head- 
quarters, and between the forward observation officer and the artillery batteries 
some miles in the rear. The F.O.O. was Lieutenant Forrest, R.G.A. (of 
Zululand) . 

Major Hoy's written plan of attack, made on the igth and approved of by 
Brig. -General Pearson, was this : The general plan of attack was to assault and 
capture the main enemy defences in the centre by attack in enfilade from the 
enemy's right flank. The attack was to be of a surprise nature timed for 
3 a.m. under cover of darkness. It was to be supported by an artillery bom- 
bardment of five minutes, intended to damage the enemy's defences and shake 
the morale of the defending troops, and to keep down their fire until the 
assaulting troops were close up and ready to go in with the bayonet as soon 
as the artillery fire lifted. 

The western flank was to be our main point of attack by two full Companies 

B," under Major Cowell, D.S.O. Their mission was to attack in 

depth the extreme western flank and gradually, under "dead ground " which 

would be available after our first rush across the wady, then assault and capture 

One platoon of "C" Company, under Lieutenant Bloxam was to 

straight ahead to protect our right flank. This turned out to be one 



s .5 

a 4 

* - 

'<3 * z 


E 'C 9 

c cj i; 




^ % 

o jf 
S ^ 


lJ V. 

R a 

H fe 




of the most strongly fortified of the enemy's positions, though we were pot 
aware of it at the time. Large caves on the far side of the hill afforded splendid 
protection against our shell fire. 

Careful planning ensured that the best use of artillery and smaller offensive 
\\capons would be made. In other words the co-operation of all arms formed 
a most important factor in the plan of attack as arranged between the Brigadier 
and Major Hoy. The company commanders, with Major Hoy, had previously 
made a careful eye study of the ground to be covered and of the enemy position 
from good observation posts on Square Hill. Aeroplane photographs of the 
enemy defences enabled a reproduction of those defences to be laid out for 
examination before the attack. 

That was the general plan of attack adopted by Lieut. -Colonel Morris, and 
it seemed good, as everything had been most carefully planned and studied. 

From this point it has sadly to be recorded that things went hopelessly 
agley. It appeared that we had over-reached our artillery barrage, except the 
60 pounders. The barrage had to be cut out and an attempt made with the 
60 pounders to give us battery fire on the hill. This was unsuccessful and was 
called for again. Meanwhile the precious minutes were slipping by towards 
the dawn, and our men were straining at the leash waiting for the definite orders 
which seemed as if they would never come. Major Cowell received his orders 
from Lieut. -Colonel Morris at 4 a.m., but some confusion arose owing to an 
earlier order reaching Cowell shortly afterwards. The latter order had been 
delayed owing to the runner losing his way and getting into the enemy's 
lines. Finally, about 5 a.m., the order was given to attack at once without 
artillery preparation. Everyone knew full well what that meant, as it would 
be daylight before we could get to grips. Officers who fully realised the position 
shook hands with others standing by who were not going in. 

" A " and " B " Companies went in in platoon depth as follows : 
" A " Captain Harris, O.C. 

No. i Platoon, Lieut R. Cloke. 
No. 2 Platoon, Lieutenant A. Difford. 
No. 3 Platoon, Lieutenant Gordon White. 
No. 4 Platoon, Sergeant Jansen (1614). 
"B" Major Cowell, O.C. 

No. 5 Platoon, Lieutenant Stubbs. 
No. 6 Platoon, Lieutenant Rackstraw. 
No. 7 Platoon, 2nd Lieutenant Vipan. 
No. 8 Platoon, Sergeant J. D. Ross (2619). 

Immediately the advance started it was met with terrific machine gun fire 
and casualties at once became very heavy. Lieutenant Stubbs was the fust 
officer hit immediately he went " over the top." 

They pushed on, however, ignoring the enemy's fire and reached the spur 
of their position on Gallows Hill considerably thinned by casualties. Lieutenant 
White was hit before he got down the slope on our side into the Wady. 

Our men charged with the bayonet and a very hot hand to hand fight took 
place in which the men used their hand grenades with good effect. We captured 
two machine guns and twenty prisoners. The latter were at once utilised to 
carry out our killed and wounded. The Turks were then reinforced and the 
fighting became even more fierce. Major Cowell was mortally wounded and 
called Harris to his side to hand over to him and to say goodbye, and the latter 
was instantly killed whilst shaking hands with Cowell. About the same time 
Lieutenants Difford and Vipan were also killed. 

At this stage Lieut. -Colonel Morris, having been twice wounded at battalion 
headquarters, was taken to the dressing station and handed over command to 
Major Hoy. 




= w 

~ 2 oc 

g' C 3. 

~ ' f ' U. 





As the enemy was being heavily reinforced " C " Company was pushed out 
to attack the enemy's left flank and capture Outpost Hill and thus take th' 
pressure off the other flank. They suffered heavily but accomplished their task. 
Lieutenant Dreyer was killed and Lieutenant Antill mortally wounded here. 
Lieutenant Rackstraw was wounded the first time crossing the \Vady and twice 
more half way up the hill on the west side. He and all our other wounded in 
that vicinity lay out all day, as it was sacrificing life needlessly to send out the 
stretcher bearers, so hot was the enemy's fire. 

Meanwhile " D " Company in reserve was still holding our most important 
position, vix. : Square Hill. They were also receiving casualties, being only 
seven hundred yards from the enemy. 

The enemy were now heavily shelling us and strongly counter attacking and 
Lieutenant Webber, M.C. (R.A.F.) flew down to within fifty feet of us and 
dropped a message to say that large reinforcements were coming up (from 
Domeh). He also delivered the same message from the air by megaphone to 
brigade headquarters and, as " A " and " B " Companies had lost seven out of 
eight officers, they were ordered to retire on Square Hill. Lieutenant Cloke 
was wounded just then and the two Companies were left untirely unofficered. 
The retirement had, therefore, to be conducted by N.C.O.'s. It was carried 
out in the most orderly and admirable manner, in the same formation in which 
the platoons went in, the men continuing to fight a rearguard action during 
the retirement. 

Lieutenant Webber, R.A.F., rendered great assistance in covering the 
retirement by splendid Lewis gun work at a low altitude during which he came 
under heavy rifle and machine gun fire. This most gallant officer was killed 
next day whilst similarly engaged elsewhere. 

" C " Company also retired in good order and when they got back Captain 
Youart was the only officer of " A," " B " and " C " Companies who was not 
a casualty. 

This retirement won great admiration on all sides and commanding and senior 
officers who were watching operations from neighbouring heights were loud in 
their praise, both of the attack and the retirement more particularly the latter. 
Reuter's account of the attack said: 

: ' The deployment of " A " and " B " Companies was carried out with 
great speed and precision in open column of platoons. They advanced with 
great determination and dash, crossing the Wady through a hail of rifle 
and machine gun fire. The position was then assaulted and a number of 
prisoners captured. The attack was continued to the final objective, but 
a strong counter attack drove back our now scattered formation. The with- 
drawal of our whole line was then necessary and it was carried out in good 
order and rapidly. The attack of " C " Company on the eastern flank was 
also carried out with determination. Captain Youart was ordered to retire 
when it was found that our main attack had failed. An aeroplane (Lieu- 
tenant Webber, M.C.) greatly assisted our retirement." 
By 8.30 a.m. the remainder of " A " and " B " Companies had taken up a 
defensive line near Square Hill and Lieut. -Colonel Murray sent a company of 
the aist Punjabis to the foot of Square Hill to assist if necessary. At this time 
our artillery were on the move and did not reply to our calls for a barrage. 

At 10 o'clock a.m. the whole battalion (strength now ten officers and three 
hundred and fifty other ranks) was concentrated at Square Hill. 

After our retirement the enemy put down a heavy barrage on Square Hill, 
which they kept up for some hours. 

About midday our artillery heavily shelled the enemy's positions for some 
time and at 2 p.m. put down a heavy barrage. The latter was a preliminary 
to our counter attack which was allotted to the i/iyth Infantry who had been 



iii support of us during the morning. Our barrage caused a regular panic in 
the ranks of the enemy who could be plainly seen running about without their 

Our men were very keen to have another go but were not allowed to owing 
to shortage of officers and their heavy work during the morning. The men's 
disappointment was very great, but the Brigadier was of course absolutely right 
in sending in a fresh battalion rather than one which had already fought for 
hours in a hot sun. 

The i/ijth Infantry found their task comparatively easy and suffered very 
few casualties, in fact, they found that the enemy could not withstand our 
heavy barrage and had already commenced to retire. 

Owing to the brilliant success of Allenby's push all along the line, and 
particularly because of the rapidity of the cavalry advance in the coastal area, 
the 53rd Division did not again come into action. 

Cavalry warfare, assisted by aircraft, armoured cars and other mobile 
weapons, ensued for the next week the infantry meanwhile resting on their 
laurels until the final rout and surrender of the entire enemy forces on this 

Our casualties on the morning of the aoth September were unfortunately 
heavy, viz. : 

Officers. Other ranks. Total. 

Killed 5 38 43 

Died of wounds ... ... 2 6 8 

Wounded ... ... ... 6 95 101 

Prisoner ... ... ... i i 

Total : Fifty-one killed, one hundred and one wounded and one prisoner. 
The proportion of officers killed was, it will be noticed, unusually heavy, 
viz. : one to less than seven. This was, of course, to be expected in daylight 
fighting at close quarters, the officers being readil}" picked off. Fighting was 
sometimes hand to hand. In fact, encounters with fists and sticks actually 
took place. 

Particular mention must be made of a few men for exceptionally good work 
on the 2oth, though where all performed prodigies of great valour distinctions 
may perhaps seem invidious. The killed need no eulogy. They died gallantly 
doing their duty. 

The fact that their task was herculean, if not impossible, did not deter 
them for an instant. " Their name liveth for evermore." 

Though the period of General Allenby's great victory one of the greatest 
of all time extended over several days, September 2oth was the great day which 
decided the issue. It was a great day great for the Empire, great for South 
Africa and the coloured races thereof, and the greatest day in the history of the 
ist Battalion Cape Corps. If September aoth, 1918, will ever be remembered by 
us as a day of great sadness, it will also the more surely be recalled as one of 
greater glory. 

Lieutenant Woods, M.C., did exceptional work in going into exposed 
positions to rescue our wounded. The enemy were seen to be mutilating and 
robbing the wounded left on the field, and wounded men crawling to cover 
were being sniped. Extraordinary efforts had therefore to be made to evacuate 
them speedily. In this work Lieutenant Woods and Private van Wyk, A. (629) 
worked together and were most conspicuous. They had already got four men to 
safety when van Wyk was shot through the heart as they put down the fifth 
man under cover. Van Wyk was a very stout fellow, in fact absolutely fearless. 
Earlier in the day he had twice carried a message across the flat to Major Cowell 
and brought back replies under a murderous fire. This had to be done as the 
signallers were shot down if they shewed themselves to use the flag or helio. 




Reproduced bv the Gilham Studio. Pretoria, from ,i snapshot. 





When Van Wyk returned the first time after getting through the enemy's 
lines to Major Cowell he asked for bombs to take back and have a go " on his 
own." Van Wyk was the best of the headquarters "runners." All did very 
fine work, Privates Pick (3358) and Fortuin (2041) were only excelled by Van 
Wyk, whose case was in reality one of " better than the best." 

The signallers did great work throughout the day, making desperate endea- 
vours to maintain communication between the firing line and battalion head- 
quarters, an almost impossible task owing to machine gun fire, sniping, etc. 
C.Q.M.S. Davids, J. L. (97) " C " Company, was much in evidence all day 
bringing up ammunition and evacuating the wounded from the front line. This 
N.C.O. had been mentioned in despatches for good work in East Africa, and 
recommended on another occasion. He had the great gift of rising to a great 
occasion. In East Africa his company commander reported that he was always 
" on the job " when the day was hottest and the trek longest and cheerful hard 
work and 'example of especial value. 

C.S.M. Hutchinson, K. F. (310) although wounded in the head, carried on 
splendidly. When all the officers were casualties he took a platoon to protect 
" C " Company's flank and cover their retirement. For this he earned the 

During the retirement of " C " Company from Outpost Hill Lance-Corporal 
W. Hutchinson (2796), brother of the C.S.M. just mentioned, observed the 
enemy mutilating and robbing our wounded. On his own initiative he remained 
behind and with his Lewis gun covered these unfortunate men for some hours 
until the attack of the i/th Infantry in the afternoon. The first that battalion 
headquarters knew of this was the arrival of one of Hutchinson's gun team for 
more ammunition. 

It is noteworthy that the C.Q.M. Sergeants of " A " and " C " Companies 
went, with their companies into the firing line. C.Q.M.S. Hoffmann (" A " 
Company) was killed. 

Sergt. -Major Shipp, F. J. was indefatigable in tending the wounded. 
The following honours and awards were gained by the battalion during the 
period i8th to 2oth, viz. : 
Military Cross : 

Lieutenant E. J. Rackstraw. 
Mentioned in Despatches : 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris, C.M.G., D.S.O. 
Major Hoy, D.S.O. 
Captain D. W. Robertson. 
D.C.M. : 

C.S.M. Hutchinson, K. (310). 
Sergeant February, M. (92). 
C.Q.M.S. Hendricks, A. J. (1067). 
Sergeant Jansen, S. D. (1614). 
Lance-Corporal Hutchinson, W. (2796). 
Military Medal (prompt award) : 

Lance-Corporal Ruiters, J. (269). 
Mentioned in Despatches : 

C.Q.M.S. Hendricks, A. J. (1067). 
A/C.S.M. Scullard, J. (1363). 

During the period September iSth to 2oth the work of the U3th Combined 
Field Ambluance was greatly appreciated by all ranks of the battalion. Major 
Green, M.C., Captains Hill and Dagleish and all their subordinates were un- 
remitting in their care and attention to our wounded. (Captain Dalgleish was 
attached to us for duty later on when Captain Drew went on leave). 



Photo by] [Dorothy lliiffiis, Cape Town. 


Photo by\ l/ciiiifc t'- To., Cape Town. 


Pholos by] [E. Peters, Cape Toivn. 

St.Ki.UNT M A. S. I. A FtUER (747). 

-~]K<.t(NT II J. IIoFMtlSTER 



In General Allenby's despatch to the Secretary of State for War on the 
operations, September iSth to soth, the following passage occurred : 

"The ist Cape Corps and the i/i7th Infantry (Indian) particularly 
distinguishing themselves." 

These were the only two individual units of all those under his supreme 
command from Jaffa to the Jordan mentioned by the G.O.C. in Chief in the 
above despatch. 

Lieut. -General Sir Philip Chetwode, our Corps Commander, in his report 
to General Allenby after the fight used these words : " and the Cape Corps 
fought like tigers." (For further reports, copies of letters of congratulation, 
etc., in reference to our share in the Palestine Push i'idc appendix. 

All ranks greatly regretted that our Machine Gun Half Company, under 
Captain Burger, did not get into action in Palestine. They were attached to 
the 53rd Divisional Machine Gun Battalion and it was the intention of the 
Divisional Commander to give them the opportunity of supporting their own 
battalion in action if possible, but they had not come up the line from Ludd in 
time to take a hand on September iSth to 2oth. They were much disappointed. 
They had trained with exemplary keenness and thoroughness and could scarcely 
have failed to make good. 

All ranks of the Cape Corps actually in the line, September iSth to 2oth, 
were approximately one thousand. Of those exactly four hundred (" A," " B " 
and " C " Companies) went into action at Kh Jibeit on the morning of September 
2oth, and one hundred and fifty-two became casualties. The remaining six 
hundred were composed of "D" Company (in reserve at Square Hill), ninety- 
seven on transport duties, headquarters (runners, Q.M.R.'s staff, etc.) and men 
doing various battalion and brigade duties such as guards, escorts, etc. 

Of these " D " Company and headquarters runners and signallers were also 
in action during the day. 

Our casualties were heavier than those of any other unit on the Palestine 
front during the great advance. 

During the night of the iSth September, the i6oth Brigade practically took 
prisoner the entire i63rd Turkish brigade opposed to them. The enemy's 
brigades at this time were much depleted and scarcely exceeded fifteen hundred. 

Here a few extracts from General Allenby's despatch on the the operations 
may be quoted : 

' The way in which the preliminary concentration was carried out and 
concealed from the enemy was one of the most remarkable achievements of 
the whole operations. 

" A hostile aeroplane reconnaissance on September i5th reported as 
follows : ' Some regrouping of cavalry units apparent on the enemy's left 
flank, otherwise nothing unusual to report '; and this at a time when three 
cavalry divisions, five infantry divisions and the majority of the heavy 
artillery of the force were being concentrated between Ramleh and the front 
line of the coastal sector, 110 less than three hundred and one guns replacing 
the normal seventy. Prisoners from the coastal plain and the lower foot- 
hills of the Judsean range say that they had been told that the British 
would make a big attack about the iSth, but they had so often been given 
the same warning that no attention was paid to this one. 

" That the enemy chief command were uncertain as to which part of 
the front would be attacked is indicated by the fact that nowhere were 
troops grouped in reserve where they could make an effective counter- 




Nofe. The distance From C 
is approximately * 

I'l.AX OF SOTARi; 1111. 1. AT 10 A.M., 19/9/18, AFTER CAPTURE OF THE 


Drawn by A. J. Parsons, C.E., from a sketch made on the spot at tin; tin 

Hill to Square Hill 
) Yards, 

. nv isr CAIM: coKi's. siii.;\vi\(i nisrosrrioxs OF "C" AND 

"apt ;un f^. W.Robertson in com tn and of the two Companies on the hill. 


Photos by] 



.^KfTKMBER iSTU-^ 'Til, 1918. 




K.s O. 


l.tTRuN, OCTOBER, 1918. 








" But, to take the main attack as a whole, the hackneyed expression 
that ' it went entirely according to plan ' is quite inadequate ; the pace at 
which the infantry broke down the opposition and the cavalry got through 
and away exceeded the most sanguine hopes. 

" It must be remembered that the 53rd Division were operating in a 
most difficult country, also on this day (September 2Oth) they were attacking 
prepared, and often wired, positions. 

" The enemy in this portion of the field were not disorganised and 
were able to oppose a stout resistance to the advance. The country is 
broken and rugged, demanding great physical exertion on the part of the 
troops and preventing the artillery keeping pace with the infantry. Never- 
theless good progress was made. 

" Shortly after our cavalry had taken El Afule, a German aeroplane 
arriving from the north landed in the aerodrome, the pilot being quite un- 
conscious of the fact that the place was in the hands of the British. 

" In a word, a boldly conceived and ambitious cavalry scheme had 
been carried out to the letter, and all lines of retreat west of the Jordan 
denied to the enemy." 

The concentration in the coastal plain was carried out by night and every 
precaution taken to prevent it becoming apparent to the enemy. Full use was 
made during the day of the many grooves round Ramleh, Ludd, and Jaffa. The 
chief factor in the secrecy maintained was, however, the great supremacy 
of the R.A.F. The process of attrition had been going on for months. During 
one week in June one hundred aircraft crossed our lines. At the end of August 
the number had been reduced to eighteen. So many were shot down during the 
next two weeks that only four crossed our lines during the period of concen- 
tration. The enemy were clearly in ignorance of Allenby's intention to attack 
in the coastal plain, as on the morning of the igth .September when the attack 
was launched his dispositions were normal. 

East of the Jordan the activities of the R.A.F. and the mobile column of 
the Arab Army had so damaged the Hedjax. railway and Deraa Station that all 
railway communication with Palestine ceased by September i7th. 

The attack in the coastal plain on the morning of the igth September was 
a complete success. On the right, in the foothills, the French Tirailleurs and 
the Armenians of the Legion d'Orient advanced with great dash. The 3rd 
(Lahore), the both, and the /5th Divisions overwhelmed the enemy opposing 
them. The 6oth Division turned north-east towards Tul Keram, leaving the 
coast clear for the operations of the Desert Mounted Corps. 

The 6oth Division and the jth Australian Light Horse Brigade, with a 
composite regiment of Chasseurs d'Afrique and Spahis attached, captured Tul 
Kerain on the night of September igth. Bodies of troops, guns, motor lorries, 
and transport of every description were endeavouring to escape along the road 
towards Messudie and Nablus. The road followed the railway up a narrow 
valley and there the R.A.F. and the Australian Flying Corps caused great 
havoc. The road was blocked and inextricable confusion ensued, from which 
there was no escape, and a large amount of transport, guns, etc., fell into our 

The 1 3th Cavalry Brigade of the 5th Cavalry Division, riding across the 
Plain of Esdraelon, entered Nazareth at 5.30 a.m., September aoth. Nazareth 
was the site of the Yihlerim General Headquarters. The G.O.C., the German 
General Liman von Sanders, managed but only just to make his escape in a 
motor car. His papers and some of his staff were taken. 

The 4th Cavalry Division rode into El Afule at 8 a.m., 2oth September. 



[E. ir. Temper. 

I : I'k-. 'I i >\\ KK Al' T.UDD. 

;>;,o(o !>v] IE. 1!'. Tfinflcr. 


Photo bj'l ll.ll.T. 


;')K>(O by) IC'dj)/. B. Drew. 





The enemy's resistance was broken on September aoth, and next day the 
5th Australian Light Horse Brigade, with the French Cavalry leading, entered 
Xablus from the west. 

Within thirty-six hours of the commencement of ,the battle all the main 
avenues of escape remaining to the Turkish Vllth and VHIth armies were closed 
and all organised resistance ceased. Everywhere the disorganised enemy were 
in flight, relentlessly pursued by the Royal Air Force. The road to Beisan passed 
through a narrow gorge. The head of the flying column was heavily bombed, 
drivers left their vehicles in a panic, wagons were overturned, and very shortly 
the road was completely blocked. 

After the 2ist September there was practically no further infantry action 
certainly none of importance but for some time we were busily engaged in 
clearing the battlefield, collecting and marching in prisoners, making roads, 
developing water supplies, and performing the innumerable other duties that 
remain to be done after a swift advance. 

General Allenby's advance continued for another month. The principal 
events of the same were : 

By the evening of September 2 2nd the important crossing of the Jordan at 
Jisr-ed-Dameh had been seized by the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade 
and the ist Battalion B.W.I. Regiment. Next day the same force occupied 
Es Salt (east of the Jordan). On September 23rd the XXth Corps Cavalry 
captured on one stretch of road less than five miles in length eighty-seven guns, 
fifty-five motor lorries, and eight hundred and forty-two vehicles. On September 
23rd Acre and Haifa fell and Chaytor's force captured Amman (east of the 
Jordan) on September 25th, and the same day five thousand prisoners and 
twenty-eight guns were taken, the railway seized some miles north, and the 
5th Cavalry Division moved to Nazareth preparatory to the advance on 
Damascus. There was an interesting race for the latter place. The IVth Turkish 
Army were hurrying north in the vain hope of getting \here before Chaytor's 
force could effectively bar their retreat, but on their right flank the Hedjaz 
Army had done much to delay the retreat by the destruction of _ rail ways and 
bridges. It was possible that the bulk of the IVth Army might have got through 
in time to organise some sort of defence against the cavalry but for the 
destructive activities of the Arab Camel Corps and armoured cars under Lieut. - 
Colonel T. E. Lawrence, C.B. 

The R.A.F. also did much to enable the Australian Mounted Division and 
the 5th Cavalry Division to get a good start. 

Deraa was entered unopposed on September 27th. 

The 1 4th Cavalry Brigade and the Sherefian troops entered Damascus on 
October ist, to find that no enemy administration had survived in such a form 
as to enable it to undertake the task of capitulation. 

On September soth at Damascus the Turks and Germans had a brisk fight 
over the distribution of vehicles for further flight. Satisfactory numbers on 
both sides lost their lives in this fight. This was probably the biggest scrap 
between the Turks and their Prussian friends, but German corpses all along 
the line of retreat told their own tale. 

In Gilead Chaytor's force located the remnants of the Turkish IVth Army 
at Kastal on September 2Qth. Four thousand prisoners (five hundred sick), 
twelve guns, and thirty-five machine guns were taken, bringing Chaytor's 
captures during the operations of his Force as a separate entity to over ten 
thousand prisoners, fifty-seven guns, and one hundred and thirty-two machine 
guns, also large quantities of rolling stock, ammunition, etc. 

The yth (Mereut) Division (XXIst Corps) left Haifa on October 3rd, 
marched along the coast, crossed the Ladder of Tyre, and reached Beirut on 
October 8th, being received with great joy by the populace of Tyre and Sidon. 




IStaiKlillK) : I.u-iit. Hi-tt. Si-nal Offic-.r; Capt. K. Ji-l.l., M.C., Staff Capt; I.ii-ut K. \V. Alderson, M.C. 

(Sitting) : lap! T \\'. Corbett, M.C. and liar, ItviK.-iilc Major; ]lri-i'..-li. 1'. II. liortluvick, D.S.O. and Bar; 

Capt V. Millir, MC., llili- Tran-lx,rt Oll'iccr. 



Continuing their march along the coast the XXIst Corps occupied Tripoli 
on October ijth and reached Horns two days later. The relentless pursuit 
continued, and Aleppo was entered on October 25th. 

The next objective was Alexandretta, but before that could be taken the 
Turkish Empire had crumbled to the dust and the coming into force of the 
Armistice between the Allies and Turkey on October 3ist brought Allenby's 
armies to a standstill. 

The Desert Mounted Corps alone had captured forty-six thousand prisoners 
during the operations. 

During their advance along the coast the 5th Cavalry Division had covered 
five hundred miles between September igth and October 26th, and captured 
over eleven thousand prisoners and fifty-two guns. Aleppo was three hundred 
miles from our front line before the big push commenced. Between September 
iSth and October 26th seventy-five thousand prisoners were taken, of whom 
over two hundred officers and three thousand five hundred other ranks were 
Germans or Austrians. Three hundred and sixty guns were captured and the 
transport and equipment of three Turkish armies. In addition to the prisoners 
actually taken, many hundreds iled northwards, a mass of individuals without 
organisation and without transport, whose only motto was sauve qui peut. The 
enemy's casualties will probably never be known, but must have been 
exceedingly heavy. 

In the early phases of the operations the enemy hastily abandoned all their 
material and equipment in a mountainous area of over two thousand five hundred 
square miles, and were then chased for three hundred miles, leaving dead and 
wounded, hospitals, and an incredible quantity of material and equipment, etc., 
all along the road. The captures included over eight hundred machine guns, 
two hundred and ten motor lorries, forty-four motor cars, some three thousand 
five hundred animals, eighty-nine railway engines, and four hundred and sixty- 
eight carriages and trucks. Those were the serviceable or repairable numbers ; 
the smashed and destroyed figures were equally large. 

Xo greater debacle had ever before been experienced by a defeated army 

Here one must revert to the operations of the 53rd Division after the capture 
of Khan Jibeit (September 2othJ . The Division continued to advance at midnight 
and on September 2ist the isSth Brigade seized Kh-Birket-el-Kusr, and the 
iSQth Brigade captured Kusrah. By nightfall the Division had reached Beit 
Dejan and Beit Furik, having dislodged the enemy from positions of great natural 
strength and driven the remnant fifteen miles across most difficult country on 
to the cavalry patrols of the Desert Mounted Corps. 

The i6oth Brigade were not in action after September 2oth. The prisoners 
captured by the 53rd Division during the operations were : Officers, eighty-six 
(seventeen wounded) ; other ranks, eleven hundred and nine (two hundred and 
twenty-two wounded) ; guns, nine ; machine guns, fifty. Of these the i6oth 
Brigade took over six hundred prisoners, four guns, and thirty machine guns. 

Gas warfare did not take place during General Allenby's great Palestine- 
victory. It was said that the enemy proposed the disuse of that dirty low down 
method of warfare. The reason was, of course, obvious. They had not the 
necessary paraphernalia. However, notwithstanding that the advantage would 
have been with us as we had ample supplies of gas and other requisites, the 
G.O.C. in Chief readily agreed, gas warfare having always been anathema to the 
British principles of making war and had only been adopted on the Western 
Front in retaliation. 

On the afternoon of September 2ist the ist Cape Corps moved to El Mugheir 
and, until the a6th of the month, were engaged in salvage operations on the 
battlefield and in road making. 



On September 24th a draft of eleven officers, viz. : Captain W. P. Anderson, 
Lieutenants Hillary and Reunert, 2nd Lieutenants Adamson, Brown, D. 
Buchanan, Hall, Louw, Maciarlane, YVhitfield, and Wheelwright, arrived 
from Kantara direct from South Africa, and on September 27th one hundred 
and thirty-two other ranks from our depot at El Arish. 

On September 2<>th the battalion left El Mugheir and marched back fifteen 
miles to Tel Asur. Captain Jardine was left at Q.j, three miles south-west of 
El Mugheir, in charge of the iboth Brigade Pioneers. 

On September 29th at Tel Asur a battalion parade service took place to the 
memory of our fallen comrades. 

The first week of October was occupied in salvage \\urk, reorganisation, and 

On October gth the battalion moved back from Tel Asur to Mary Cross, 
under orders to march via Latron to Ramleh. At Mary Cross we met our brigade 
and marched to Ain Arak (Ranger's Corner). The next day we reached Latron, 
and on the following day (October nth) Ramleh. The same day two drafts (total 
one hundred and fifty other ranks) reported at Ramleh from the depot at El 
Arish. Sixty-seven men fell out sick on the march from Tel Asur to Ramleh, of 
whom twenty-six were admitted to hospital. These figures were better than 
those of the other units of our brigade. 

On October I4th the battalion was inspected by the G.O.C. 53rd Division. 
On the same day Captain Murchie and one hundred and fifty other ranks 
reported from the depot at El Arish. 

During October training and reorganisation continued without ceasing. 

On October I7th news was received of the death that day from wounds 
(.received September aoth, 1918) in hospital at Gaza of Lieutenant Gordon White. 
He was expected to recover, but suddenly collapsed. He was a most popular 
officer and his demise was a very great grief to all ranks. 

A battalion sports meeting was held at Ramleh on our third anniversary 
(October 2ist). 

At the end of October the 53rd Division were ordered to Alexandria. We 
marched from Ramleh to Ludd and entrained on October 30th for Kantara, and 
next day proceeded from' there to our destination. Our strength when leaving 
Ludd was twenty-three officers and one thousand and forty-five other ranks. 

On arrival at Alexandria the :6oth Brigade camped at Mustapha, a suburb 
about five miles from Alexandria and served by a tram and train service. The 
remainder of the Division were located at Sidi Bishr and Hadra, nearby suburbs. 

During the period July i6th to 3ist October the following matters affecting 
the personnel of the battalion should be noted. 

On July 1 8th Armourer Sergeant G. Giles (R.A.O.C.) (No. A/ 1951) returned 
to his unit and Armourer Staff-Sergeant S. Baxter (No. A/ 2168) reported for 
duty from R.A.O.C., Kantara. 

Lieutenant S. V. Samuelson, M.C., was appointed Battalion Intelligence 
Officer on July 28th. 

Lieut. -Colonel G. A. Morris, C.M.G., D.S.O., having arrived from South 
Africa, took over command of the battalion on August nth. 

Lieutenant G. A. Woods, M.C., was appointed Battalion Lewis Gun Officer 
r/n August 1 2th. 

In August the i6oth Brigade won the Divisional Inter-Brigade Competition 
for Lewis gun assembling (blindfold). 

Private H. Meyer (476), B Company, won the second prize. 

On August i^th Lieutenant Cloke handed over the duties of Transport 
Officer to Lieutenant Horseman. 

Sergeant-Cook S. February (1357) passed twenty-first out of a class of 
seventy-six examined at the school of cookery, Ismailia, in July. 


Captain J. E. Robinson was evacuated to United Kingdom per hospital ship 
on August 1 8th. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris was admitted to hospital on August 2oth, and on the 
same day one hundred and thirty- two other ranks (influenza). Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris was discharged from hospital on August 25th. 

Lieutenant Leslie was appointed Assistant .Adjutant on August 25th. 

R.S.M. Rutherford was admitted to hospital on September 7th and was 
away from duty for some weeks, during which period C.S.M. Calvert (152) 
once more acted as R.S.M. When Rutherford was discharged from hospital he 
was sent to the Reserve Half Battalion to assist in "the training. He remained 
with the R.H.B. until he returned to his own unit in January. 

On September 23rd Lieutenants Rose-Innes and Horseman were admitted 
to hospital and Lieutenants Wigman and Gibson became A. /Q.M.R. and 
Transport Officer respectively. 

About the end of September, Brig. -General F. H. Berth wick, D.S.O. and 
Bar, took over Command of our Brigade (i6oth) from Brig. -General V. N. L. 
Pearson, D.S.O. Here also it may be noted that during Brig. -General Pearson's 
absence on leave, for a week or two in August, Lieut. -Colonel H. Harker, 
D.S.O., ist/-th R.W.F., acted as our Brigadier. 

On the 3rd October results of recent examinations at Schools of Instruction 
were published. Very few failures w-ere recorded. Lieutenant Leslie passed the 
musketry course as a first-class instructor and 2nd Lieutenant Antill (since killed 
in action) took a first-class in the scouts course. His leport was marked " Good 
in all subjects." 

Lieutenant A. Leslie was promoted Acting Captain -vice Captain J. V. 
Harris, M.C., killed in action, on October 5th. 

On October I2th Private J. Williams (4250), who had been reported " killed 
in action " on September 2oth, was found to be with the Staffordshire Yeomanry. 

The following brigade figures of men who fell out on the march from Mary 
Cross to Ramleh (October gth-nth) are interesting, viz. : 

ist Cape Corps ... ... ... ... 67 

i/i/th Infantry ... ... ... ... 79 

i /7th R.W.F. ... ... ... ... ... 132 

2ist Punjabis ... ... ... ... ... 202 

2nd Lieutenant J. L. Hollins died in hospital at Alexandria on October 15th. 

During the period covered by this chapter deaths from disease were the 
comparatively small number of fourteen, one officer (Lieutenant G. R. Barnard) 
and thirteen other ranks. Private W. van Rooy (1641) was drowned in the 
canal at Kantara (16.9.18). 


FEU, AI KH JlBEIT, 20.9.18. 

Plwto bj'l U.H.T. 



[Aziz 6* Dores, Alexandria, Egypt 



c ; 




K f 

*- w 


>H -al 


i M 
. S 

a s 

5 o 
^ a 






a, - 



I'hoto by\ [Sergeant Alics. 



Photo by] [Sergeant Alies. 








THE Battalion arrived in Egypt from Ludd in three special trains on 
November ist, 1918. Detrainment took place at Sidi Gaber Station, a few 
miles from Alexandria, and the Battalion at once proceeded to a camp at 
Mustapha on the sea front about four miles from the town. It was understood 
that the 53rd Division would proceed oversea very shortly and that we should 
embark with our Brigade. The Dardannelles was stated to be our probable 
destination, in order to join the Army of Occupation in Turkey. 

On November loth L,ieut. -Colonel Morris had sufficient recovered from his 
wounds received on the aoth September to obtain his discharge from hospital and 
resume command of the Battalion. On the day of the signing of the Armistice 
with Germany (November nth) we were notified that the Battalion would not 
proceed oversea with our Division, but would return to South Africa for 
demobilisation at the earliest opportunity. After the signing of the Armistice 
strictly military duties and training were ordered to be modified somewhat and 
educational schemes and recreational training undertaken. 

On November iath a cable was received from Viscount Buxton, Governor- 
General of South Africa, to the effect that the War Office had approved, as from 
ist August, 1918, of increased separation allowances for dependents of other 
ranks of the Battalion. This announcement was naturally the cause of much 
joy in camp. 

On November i8th the competitive scheme for training in drill and sports, 
etc., was inaugurated in accordance with the scheme laid down by G.H.Q. for 
all units in the E.E.F., and on November 23rd inter-platoon football competitions 

On igth November we received news that our old enemy, Von Lettow 
Vorbeck had surrendered in East Africa, consequent upon the signing of the 
Armistice. The date and place of surrender was November I4th on the Chambezi 
River, south of Kasama. 

By the end of November the men had practically recovered from the strain 
and hardships of the previous few months and the general health of the Battalion 
was very good. 

On December 2nd General Allenby inspected the 53rd Division at Alexandria. 
Very large crowds witnessed a splendid military display in grand weather. Our 
C.O. was complimented by the G.O.C. on the splendid marching and steadiness 
of the Battalion on parade. Our parade strength was twenty-four officers and 
nine hundred and five other ranks. The G.O.C. 53rd Division complimented all 
unit commanders on the excellent turn out and stated that General Allenby, in 
addition to asking him to thank all imit commanders and staffs for the smart 
turn out, had also requested him to convey to all ranks his thanks for their recent 
splendid work in Palestine. Our Corps Commander also wired to the Divisional 
Commander conveying the G.O.C.'s appreciation of the splendid appearance of 
the Division on parade. 





On December 8th regimental schools were opened under the educational 
training scheme, and about two hundred men attended. Captain Earp Jones 
and Lieutenant H. Louw and several N.C.O.'s and men undertook duty as 
lecturers. At the same time thirty-seven men were attached to the R.A.O.C. for 
pioneer and technical trade training. On December nth twenty-eight men were 
sent to No. 644 M.T. Company to be trade tested as motor drivers and mechanics. 

December iyth was observed throughout the E-E-F. as a general holiday 
and day of thanksgiving for the success of the allied arms in the war. 

On December 2 ist the Battalion took fourth place in the Divisional cross 
country race. 

On Christmas Day a message of goodwill was published in Orders from 
Their Majesties the King and Queen, who particularly sent their greetings to 
the sick and wounded. 

On Boxing Day Battalion sports were held. Throughout the month of 
December the competitive training scheme by companies was continued. In 
December, G.R.O. No. 4706 announced : "AcT OF GALLANTRY. The C. in C. 
desires to place on record his appreciation of the gallant conduct of Private 
Williams, J. (2297), Private Cornelius, R. (486), Private Franz, H. (2705), and 
Private Bannister, H. (4348) of the ist Cape Corps on their courageous efforts to 
save a comrade from drowning whilst bathing in the sea at Gaza on December 
and, 1918." 

During this period men were allowed to visit the Graeco-Roman Museum at 
Alexandria, a privilege taken advantage of by many. On December 3ist warning 
was received of probable early return to South Africa. The Battalion continued 
to be ready for embarkation at very short notice for the next ten weeks, but 
owing to lack of an available transport there was nothing doing. 

On January 3rd the Battalion concert party, which had been formed under 
the supervision and direction of Captain Edwards, gave its initial performance 
and showed much promise. Captain Edwards received much assistance in 
training and organising the concert party from "The Welsh Rabbits," the 
concert party of the Welsh Fusiliers, which was perhaps the best of several 
concert parties in the E.E.F. 

For results of Battalion competitions (drill, etc.) held during the period ist 
December to sth January see Chapter XX. 

On January 8th permission was received from G.H.Q. to retain and take 
home to South Africa the two field guns captured from the enemy at Square Hill 
on the previous September ig-aoth. 

On January nth our Machine Gun Company, under Captain Burger, rejoined 
the Battalion from the 53rd Division Machine Gun Battalion in view of our 
expected early repatriation. 

On January isth the regimental schools were closed for the same reason. 
On January 22nd the Battalion won first and second prizes for best turned-out 
man at our Brigade assault-at-arms. 

On January 23rd the Drum and Fife Band was sent to do duty with the 
R.H.B. at El Arish. 

As the result of the i6oth Brigade assault-at-arms eliminating competitions 
the Battalion represented the Brigade at the Divisional assault-at-arms (held 28th 
January) in several competitions. Vide Chapter XX. 

Our Brigade (i6oth) earned most points at the above assault-at-arms and 
took the first (Brigade) prize. 

On February 3rd the regimental schools were re-opened. On the same day 
a consignment of tobacco and cigarettes, soap, sweets, etc., was received from 
the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee (South Africa) and distributed 
amidst much enthusiasm. 





On February 6th the G.O.C. 53rd Division presented the medals which had 
been won at the assault-at-arras on the aSth ultimo. 

About the middle of February information was received that the Battalion 
would embark on H.M.T. " Kildonan Castle " at the end of the month, but that 
vessel was delayed for some time owing to the coal strike in England. 

The regimental schools were again closed on 2ist February in view of our 
expected early repatriation, but this latter proved to be another false alarm. 

On February 25th Major Hoy left camp to proceed on a lecturing tour to 
various stations in the E-E.F. His subject was the late enemy territory of 
German East Africa and the possibilities of settlement there. 

Major Anderson (who had just received promotion, dated 21.9.18, vice 
Major Cowell, killed in action) assumed duty as acting second in command, -vice 
Major Hoy. 

On February 26th the men who had been undergoing training at the 
Ordnance Depot and at the 644 M.T. Company and all other men on command 
returned to camp to be ready for embarkation. 

On Fe.bruary 28th Lieutenant M. S. Davies won the quarter-mile Army 
championship race at the E.E.F. sports at Cairo. 

On March 10 "A" Company won most events at a Battalion sports meeting. 

During the period November 2oth to the end of February, Battalion 
Inter-Platoon Rugby and Association football competitions were held and were 
the cause of keen rivalry and much interest and enthusiasm. 

Early in March, when the Battalion were daily expecting and anxiously 
hoping for embarkation orders to return home to South Africa, signs of unrest 
became manifest in Egypt owing to the arrest and deportation of Saad Pasha 
Zaghlul, Vice-President of the Legislative Assembly and leader of a new 
Nationalist Party, and three of his chief confederates. (A note more or less 
fully explaining in detail the situation in Egypt at that time will be found 
subjoined to this chapter.) 

Demonstrations and strikes and other forms of disturbances became frequent, 
and the unruly element in the country districts commenced destroying the 
railways and other communications, and murdering, looting, and pillaging, etc. 

All available troops in the E.E.F. had at once to be mobilised to maintain 
order, and the Battalion's embarkation orders were again postponed. 

On March i2th the Battalion was ordered to be in readiness to proceed at 
short notice to any scene of unrest in or around Alexandria. 

On March i2th it was published in orders that the War Office had decided 
that the men of the Battalion were entitled to receive the same scale of proficiency 
pay as British units of the Imperial Forces from 2qth September, 1917, in terms 
of the Army Order of that date, and also that our men would receive war gratuity 
on demobilisation on the same scale as British units of the Empire's Army. 
These substantial concessions were, of course, only fair and just, and had also 
been thoroughly well earned, but they were none the less for that vastly 
appreciated by all ranks. 

On March i7th a flying column of three officers and one hundred other ranks 
were detailed to be in instant readiness to move to the scene of any disturbance, 
and " C " Company were sent to Sidi Caber Tram Station to assist in keeping 
order there. At the same time " B," " D," and Composite Companies were sent 
into Alexandria, but returned to camp in the afternoon. On this day no less than 
seven hundred and thirty-seven of all ranks were actually out of camp on various 
duties in connection with the distrubances. 

On the last mentioned date the Battalion were posted to the i=;8th Brigade 
owing to the demobilisation of the i6oth Brigade for repatriation. The next day 
" B " Company took over duty at Alexandria to keep the strikers in order, and 
our Lewis guns, which had been handed in in anticipation of embarkation, were 


Photos by] 



DECEMBER, 1918. 

2ND DECEMBER, 1918. 


[Captain S. Youart ami l.H.T. 




redrawn from Ordnance. On the same day Lieutenants Davies and Girdwood 
and thirty other ranks (machine gunners) joined the 53rd Machine Gun Battalion 
at Sidi Bishr for duty. 

On March iSth "A" and "D" Companies, each one hundred and fifty 
strong, were posted at various stations on the main line between Alexandria and 
Cairo as far as the Nile to protect the station buildings and patrol and guard the 
line. The main line had been damaged and comnuinication with Cairo inter- 
rupted more than once, and the narrow gauge Delta railway had also suffered. 
Major Anderson was in command at Teh-el-Barud in charge of No. i Sub-Section, 
which comprised all stations south of Damanhour, and Captain Burger at 
Kefr-el-Dawar in command of No. 2 Sub-Section, comprising all stations north 
of Damanhour. Captain Burger had with him four officers and one hundred and 
sixty-nine men, of whom one hundred and one were from the Composite Company 
and the remainder details from " A," " C," and " D " Companies. Damanhour 
was at the time the headquarters of the isSth Brigade to which the Battalion 
was now attached. There were six stations in No. i Sub-Section, including two 
detached posts at Aft and Dessouk, at the former of which was situated the 
pumping station which supplied Alexandria with water. This post was under 
Lieutenant Hall. In No. 2 Sub-Section were seven stations in charge respectively 
of (i) Lieutenant W. J. Buchanan, (2) Captain Pearse, (3) Beida, Sergeant 
Parkins, (4) Kefr-el-Dawar, Lieutenant Samuelson, M.C., (5) Sergeant Rauben- 
heimer, (6) Lieutenant Lambe, (7) Sergt. -Major Wilkinson. Lieutenant Botha 
was R.T.O. at Damanhour and Lieutenant Macfarlane acted as Supply Officer at 
the same place. Mounted infantry were distributed along the line under the 
command of Captain Williams, R.G.A. Rebel snipers were very troublesome, 
paying particular attention to night patrols. Three men were wounded in the 
Kefr-el-Dawar district, viz. : Private Jones, M. (3884), Private Jafta (725), 
and Private Silver, J. (5172). The M.I. offering easier targets, had six or 
seven casualties. 

On March igth trouble was expected at the docks, and two officers and one 
hundred men were held in readiness to proceed there at a moment's notice by 
motor lorries, which were sent to our camp to stand by in case of need. In 
addition to the above duties various small guards of from ten to twenty men, 
each under one or two officers, had to be found daily for duties in and around 
Alexandria at vulnerable places such as the Headquarters Alexandria district, 
the tram station and sheds at the railway terminus, and suburban stations, etc. 
The Battalion, in fact, had a very strenuous time, which was not at all appre- 
ciated, " mob warfare " being little to the liking of either officers or men. 

On March 24th a plan to poison all guards in and around Alexandria was 
discovered. The scheme was to put opium or poison into fruit and sell same to 
the guards all over the town on the same day. The object was to steal the rifles 
of the various guards. 

During the night, March 3oth-3ist, Captain Robertson took out a search 
party of five officers and two hundred and fifty other ranks to collect concealed 
arms from the surrounding villages. They returned to camp the following 
afternoon with a large haul of blunderbusses and other antiquated weapons which 
were subsequently burned. Captain Robertson was assisted by Australian 
cavalry who had been sent to assist in the search and to patrol the surrounding 
villages. On April 8th a company was sent to picket and patrol the town and 
to prevent the strikers intimidating the workers and to . stop demonstrations. 
Captain Robertson was in command of this company, which consisted of four 
officers and one hundred and seventy men of " C " Company and the balance 
from " A " and " B " Companies. They left camp at davbreak in eight motor 




'JJ'l [Sergeant Alics. 

" o\- LEAVE." 

R.S.M. Calvrrl, D.C.1I. (152), and C.Q.M.S. Henclrioks, D.C.JI. (i 

by) l/.H.T. 




At this time men were not allowed out of camp, except on duty, after 7 p.m., 
and officers had strict injunctions to carry revolvers at all times. Officers and 
men were also not allowed to go about singly. 

On April loth four officers and two hundred and fifty other ranks were on 
duty at Alexandria Railway Station. On April iath and 13th seven officers and 
two hundred and seventy-eight other ranks took over guard duties at No. i 
Prisoner of War Camp at Sidi Bishr, and the Battalion also found the guard at 
the electrical works in Alexandria for ten days, and between April i2th and 
1 5th the remainder of the Composite Company who had been in camp were sent 
to reinforce our Damanhour detachment. 

At this date no troops were allowed in Alexandria, except on duty, after 
6 p.m., and officers and men were warned to go about in parties of not less than 
four. Men not on duty, and therefore not armed, had to carry entrenching tool 
handles as a protective measure. On April igth all guards were doubled and 
the next day two officers , one hundred other ranks and two Lewis guns were 
sent to protect the Ordnance Depot at Gabarri. 

Monday, April aist, was the Festival of Srjem-el-Nessim and extra special 
instructions were necessary to avoid conflict between the Army and the 
celebrants of the festival. 

On April 22nd our guard of a full company at the P.O.W. Camp at Sidi 
Bishr was relieved, but four days later we again took over that duty. 

On April 26th Lieut. -Colonel Morris assumed temporary command of the 
i58th Brigade during the absence of the Brigadier. Lieut. -Col. Morris was away 
on that duty for four weeks, during which period Major Anderson acted as O.C. 
Battalion and Captain Robertson took over the detachment command from the 
latter at Teh-el-Barud. 

On April 27th Lieutenant M. S. Davies won the Lawn Tennis Singles 
Championship of Alexandria. 

On April soth no less than twenty-four officers and eight hundred and 
seventy other ranks were on outpost and detachment duty. 

During the heaviest, work in connection with the Riots many men were on 
duty two nights out of three, and even the Band had to be pressed into service. 

The health of the Battalion had been very good since the New Year, and 
all ranks were vaccinated and innoculated against cholera. 

On May "th the G.O.C. inspected the troops at Mustapha. Major Anderson, 
Captain Michau, Lieutenant Leslie and one hundred and fifty men were on 
parade at this inspection all other officers and men were on command. 

By May loth the duties devolving upon the Battalion were so numerous and 
heavy that four officers of the 4 /5th Welsh Fusiliers had to be attached to us 
for duty, viz. : Lieutenants A. G. Harding and W. G. Phillips, and 2nd 
Lieutenants J. G. Thomas and F.. Williams. 

Early in May, as more serious trouble was anticipated, the two companies 
guarding the railway were concentrated at Teh-el-Barud, about two hours by 
rail from Alexandria, under the command of Captain Burger. 

Early in May Major Anderson was detailed to proceed to Suez to assume 
command of the Reserve Half Battalion and take them to South Africa. 

On May isth he left Mustapha with Captains Robertson, Tandy, and Youart, 
and Lieutenants Colson and Manley and three hundred (" Headquarters," 
15; "A," 17; "B" 30; "C," 20; "D," 205; and "Composite," 13) other 
ranks. They joined up with the R.H.B. at Suez next day and sailed for South 
Africa on H.M.T. "Tambov" on May iSth. The embarkation strength was 
thirteen officers and nine hundred and ninety-eight other ranks. (See also 
Chapter XVII.) 



Photo by] [Tin' (iilliam Studios, Pretoria. 

Adjutant, May-September, I9'9 


Back row (left to right) : Sergeants H. Damons, 
D.C.M. (1465), J. Walker (3132), MacThomas 
(366), H. Smith. Sitting : C.Q.M.S. J. L. 
Davids (97), C.S.M. K. Hutchinson (310), Ser- 
Kiant J. Scullard (1363). Floor : Sergeant Pat 
Thomas (1122). 


Best turned-out man in Brigade competition at 

Alexandria, January, 1919. 

Photo by] 

[Sher-wood, Durban. 



On May i/th Lieutenant D. F. Botha left us to join the E.S.O.'s Staff at 
Suez (Army of Occupation). 

Early in June the unrest subsided considerably, and the arrival of the Army 
of Occupation troops from England about the middle of the month enabled the 
Battalion to be relieved of all duties in view of expected early embarkation for 
South Africa. 

During the whole period of the disturbances is was dangerous for officers or 
men to move about unarmed or alone. 

It was impossible to distinguish friend from foe amongst the natives, and 
the snipers generally managed to have a wide canal between themselves and their 
intended victims. 

For the most part their ammunition was slug, which increased the sniper's 
chance of hitting his mark. 

In the area protected or patrolled by the Cape Corps only two fatal casualties 
occurred, two Australian troopers being killed near Teh-el-Barud, but in other 
parts of Egypt numerous murders of officers and men took place. 

The worst case was the hold-up by the mob of a train between Luxor and 
Cairo, and the cold blooded murder of several nursing sisters, officers and 
men in circumstances of revolting violence and outrage. On several different 
occasions both in Cairo and Alexandria and elsewhere it was necessary for the 
troops to fire on the mob and strikers, and numbers of the latter were killed and 

Extreme measures were, of course, only taken where they were absolutely 
unavoidable. The rank and file of the Cape Corps got on well with the loyal 
section of the inhabitants during the disturbances, as in fact they did throughout 
their sojourn in Egypt. 

Early in June the Battalion was again warned for embarkation on the I4th 
of the month, but it was exactly a month later before definite move orders were 
actually received. 

In June the Divisional Cricket League Competition came to a victorious 
conclusion from the Battalion's point of view. 

Our team won the league, and Sergeant Alies (825) and 2nd Lieutenant F. C. 
Adamson won bats presented for the highest batting averages. Sergeant Alies 
averaged 45.75 and Adamson 27.75. These bats and medals to the winning team 
were presented on Orders Parade on June 2oth, and the Divisional Commander 
congratulated our team on the fine sporting spirit which they had at all times 

On June 25th the following officers, who had applied for service with the 
Army of Occupation in Egypt, left camp to take over their new duties, viz. : 
2nd Lieutenants W. D. Wheelwright, W. I. Brown and E. W. Templer, who 
were posted to the i/4th Essex Regiment at Cairo. 

.On June 3oth the following honours and awards were published in orders 
for exceptional service during the operations in Palestine in the previous 
September, viz. : 

Military Cross : 

Lieutenant E. J. Rackstraw. 

D.C.M. : 

C.S.M. Hutchinson (310). 

Mentioned in Despatches : 

Lieut. -Colonel G. A. Morris, C.M.G., D.S.O. 
Major C. N. Hoy, D.S.O. (and Bar). 
Captain D. W. Robertson. 
A/C.S.M. A. J. Hendricks (1067). 
Sergeant J. Scullard (1363). 



I'lwto by] [E. II". Tenifili-r. 



Photo by] II.D.D. 


AT Suez, 6iH AUGUST, 1919. 



At long last, on July i3th, came definite and final orders that the Battalion 
would leave Mustapha Camp for Suez for repatriation within forty-eight hours. 

On July 1 5th Captain Murchie, who had volunteered for the Army of 
Occupation, left for Kantara to assume his new duties in the General Base Depot 

Owing to the lack of cabin accommodation on our troopship, the " Tambov," 
five officers had to proceed for repatriation to South Africa via the United 
Kingdom. Those who volunteered were Captains Burger and Pearse, Lieutenants 
Moin, Wallis, M.C., and D. Buchanan. They left Mustapha on the i6th July 
for embarkation at Port Said. 

The Battalion left Mustapha per special train on July 15th, under orders to 
embark at Suez next day, but on arrival there it was found that the " Tambov " 
needed to be dry docked at Alexandria for repairs. 

The Battalion accordingly remained in the Transit Camp at Suez for three 
weeks pending the return of the " Tambov." 

Lieutenant Max Davison, who had seen several months' service in Egypt 
with the 334th Battery R.G.A., returned to South Africa with the Battalion. 
He had been attached to us for some weeks waiting for repatriation. 

During our stay at Suez two or three cricket matches were played against 
the Somerset Light Infantry stationed there and the inter-company competition, 
commenced at Mustapha, was concluded. This latter was won by Headquarters, 
who beat " A " Company in the final. 

Whilst at Suez our band was in great request, playing several times in the 
town, at the French Club, and at the Hospital and Indian Detail Camp. 

Embarkation finally took place on August 6th', the "Tambov" leaving in 
the afternoon for Cape Town. 

Durban w y as reached on August agth after an uneventful voyage during 
which the only stop had been a call of a few hours at Aden. 

The "Tambov" remained at Durban for two days, which afforded the 
opportunity for a civic welcome being given to the Corps on the day of arrival. 

The Battalion disembarked at 9 a.m., and, headed by the band, marched 
through the town to Albert Park, where they were received by the Deputy Mayor 
(Mr. Councillor J. Coleman), Colonel Molyneux and a number of prominent 
citizens, in the presence of a large crowd, in which the local coloured community 
was naturally well represented. 

Mr. Coleman, having stated that the Mayor of Durban had gone to Pretoria 
to attend General Louis Botha's funeral obsequies, expressed the very great 
pleasure it gave him to welcome Lieut. -Colonel Morris and his officers and men 
back to South Africa. 

On behalf of the burgesses of Durban he expressed appreciation of the 
services of the ist Cape Corps and told them that they had made a great 
reputation wherever they had been and also behaved in an exemplary manner. 

They were men who, like the lamented General whom all South Africa was 
mourning that day, had offered their all for the Empire. 

Mr. Coleman referred to the fact that the men of the Cape Corps were 
amongst the first to take up arms on behalf of King and Empire, and he 
reminded those present that a large number of the men had been over four years 
in the field and had seen service in German East Africa, Egypt and Palestine, 
and that many had also served in various capacities attached to units of the 
South African Forces which had conquered German South-West Africa. The 
public having given three cheers for the regiment, Lieut. -Colonel Morris, in a 
brief reply, thanked the Deputy-Mayor and citizens of Durban for the very 
hearty welcome accorded to his men. 

Having referred to the great loss South Africa had sustained by the lamented 
death of Louis Botha, in whom the Cape Corps had always had a staunch friend, 



Photo oy] [Aziz & Horcs, Alexandria, Egypt. 


Pholo b>] 

[Aziz & Cores, Alexandria, Egypt. 



Lieut. -Colonel Morris said that his regiment had done their best to uphold South 
Africa's reputation in the East, not an easy task owing to the great reputation 
of the South African Brigade and the South African Heavy Artillery, who had 
preceded them in Egypt. 

The men, having returned the compliment by loudly cheering the Deputy- 
Mayor and citizens, were then entertained to tea and refreshments by the Cape 
Corps Comforts Committee. 

Shortly afterwards the Battalion fell in and marched back to the " Tambov," 
which continued her voyage to Cape Town the following afternoon. 

On September ist a meeting of Officers was held in the Saloon of the 
" Tambov " to decide as to the disposal of the balance to credit of the Regimental 
Fund. It was unanimously decided that the available surplus should be trans- 
ferred to the Cape Corps Memorial Fund (vide Chapter XXI. J. 

The following Memorial Sub-Committee was elected, viz. : Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris, Major Cuningham, Captain Jardine, 2 /Lieutenant Hirsch, A/C.S.M. 
Wilkinson (1253) (Headquarters), Sergeant Bredenkamp (979) ("A" Company), 
Corporal Kolbee (1027), Privates January (1210) and J. Muller (1621). 

On September 2nd Lieut. -Colonel Morris published in Orders a farewell 
message to Officers and men of the Battalion. 

In bidding all ranks good-bye he thanked them for their loyalty and the 
cheerful manner in which they had carried out their arduous duties during the 
past four years and wished one and all success and prosperity in their civilian 

He told the men that their splendid work in the field had gained the 
admiration of the whole of South Africa and that the European population 
would take greater interest in them than ever before. 

" We all hope," continued Colonel Morris, " that this will mean that con- 
ditions as a whole for Coloured men in South Africa will be greatly improved." 
He counselled the men to behave after demobilisation in such a modest and 
orderly manner as to gain greater appreciation for the good work that had been 

In conclusion he reminded the men that their old Officers would always take 
an interest in their welfare, and be ready at all times to give them advice and 
such assistance as lay in their power. 

The " Tambov " reached Cape Town on the afternoon of Thursday, 
September 4th, too late for disembarkation to take place that day and the same 
was accordingly postponed until the next morning. 

The programme arranged for the welcome home of the Battalion included 
a review and inspection on the Grand Parade by His Excellency the Governor- 
General, Viscount Buxton. 

Unfortunately most inclement weather almost entirely spoiled the proposed 

The Battalion left the troopship shortly after 9 a.m. by train to Monument 
Station, where they detrained and marched via Adderley Street and Darling 
Street to the Grand Parade. 

Nothwithstanding the weather a large crowd of citizens and many prominent 
personages had assembled on the Parade to welcome the returned warriors. 

His Excellency the Governor-General was accompanied by Brig. -Gen. 
H. S. L. Ravenshaw, C.M.G., G.O.C. South African Military Command, by his 
A.D.C. and A.D.C. in waiting, by His Honour the Administrator (Sir Frederic 
De Waal) , the District Staff Officer (Colonel Hodgson) , and the Honorary Colonel 
of the Regiment (Colonel Sir Walter E. M. Stanford, K.B.E., C.B., "C.M.G.). 
Others present were, the Mayor of Cape Town (Mr. W. J. Thome), local members 
of Parliament and many other well known men. 



Jus: t epped forward to address the parade * very heavy 

storm of rain and hail broke over the gimuid, necessitating a honied adjourn- 
ment to the City Hall. 

Th> i disappointment to many in the crowd who were looking forward 
to the Ceremonial Parade movements in whkh die Battalion was known to excel. 

ng to lack of space in the City Hall two Companies of the Battalion fifed 
into the Drill Hall adjoining, where they were received by the Deputy Mavor 
. Gardener). 

In the City Hall the men were addressed by Lord Boston, the Administrator, 
the Prime Minister (General Sonus- and the Mayor. 

Lord Boston said that South Africa was grateful to the Battalion for what 
they had done in the Great War ; they had carried ont their work in action with 
courage, intelligence, and efficiency, and in the intervals between fighting they 
had always conducted themselves in a way which redounded to their credit. 

The Mayor of Cape Town said that the citnens were conscious of the 
magnificent and heroic work which the Cape Corps had done, and referred 
especially to their share in General Alknbv's great historic victory in Palestine. 

General Smuts, !Speaking in Dutch, referred to the magnificent service to 
- h Africa which the men had rendered, and stated that when in 

recently he had received the most glowing accounts of their doings "You fought 
as well and as bravely as any other unit of the British Army," said the General, 
" and established a brilliant record for your Corps." 

m have attained a name of honour and on behalf of the Union Govern- 
ment I thank yon most heartily for what yon have done." 

- Frederk .d said the men had come forward to befriend South 

Africa against the German menace. They had had their opportunity, and they 
had grasped it, and South Africa was very proud of them and he was pleased to 

public testimony to the debt which South Africa owed to the Cape Corps. 
Colonel Sir Walter Stanford and Uent.-Cvfenel Morris briefly replied on behalf 
of the Battalion. 

Colonel Stanford reminded the men of the strong personal interest Lord 
Bnxton had always taken in the Corps and said that they owed it to him that 
the Imperial Authorities had increased their Pensions and separation allowances. 
Lord Buxton had personally written to gentlemen in authority in England on 
their behalf. 

-.-.t.-Colonel Morris thanked the cituens for the magnificent welcome that 
had been accorded to them. They felt very honoured and proud. He also 
thanked the Gifts and Comforts Committee, especially the Ladies who had 
worked so hard for them for four years. 

In conclusion he said that the South African Brigade had made a great 

tation in Egypt in loto and that his Battalion had tried their best to maintain 

pica's reputation. 
:he Drill Hall the Deputy Mayor tMr \V C Gardener) welcomed the 

( -.npanies which had assembled there. 

Lord Boston also addressed these men and thanked them on behalf of 
esty the King, 

The Hon. K S Y '.an, speaking in Dutch, by request, thanked the men in 
the name of the Government of the Union of South Africa. cany into civil life the discipline and food habit* 
acquired on Sen 

If put into practice the good conduct and discipline they 

had learned on service their example won W be most valuable to their compatriots 
in t - C 


Major W. J. R. Cuningham thanked the Deputy Mayor for the splendid 
reception the City had given them. " They had seen many countries, but they 
were glad to be back in South Africa, which they all agreed was the best." 

After cheers for His Excellency, the Deputy Mayor and the Hon. F. S. 
Malan and reciprocal cheers for the Corps, the men were entertained to tea and 
refreshments by the ladies of the Gifts and Comforts Committee. 

Half an hour later the Battalion marched back to Monument Station and 
entrained for the Dispersal Camp at Maitland. 

The actual strength of the Battalion on disembarkation from the " Tambov '' 

Officers 23 

Other Ranks .. 1010 


Lieutenants Stubbs, Hillary, \Voods, and Lambe disembarked at Durban 
and proceeded overland to the Dispersal Camp. Lieutenant Max Davison also 
disembarked at Durban. 

On arrival at the Dispersal Camp no time was lost in demobilisation. 
Lieut. -Colonel G. Hurst, Officer Commanding, and his efficient staff of officers 
and X.C.O.'s despatched the men to their homes and destinations as speedily 
as the most impatient could have wished. 

Every man was paid .3 on arrival at the Camp and 10 before he left to 
entrain for his home (the balance of pay due to the men was forwarded by post 
by the Paymaster within a few weeks, and some men had quite a substantial 
balance to draw, in some cases in excess of three figures). 

Having handed in their Anns and Equipment the men were medically 
examined, and, if passed by the Board, were at once despatched by train to 
their homes, large parties in charge of an Officer, smaller parties under N.C.O.'s. 
Men who could not pass the Medical Board were sent at once to No. i General 
Hospital at Wynberg for treatment. 

Within a week of arrival at Maitland every man, except the comparative!}- 
small number admitted to Hospital, had received his discharge papers and left 
for his home, and the ist Cape Corps had ceased to exist. 

During. the next few months quite a number of men who had been sent from 
Egypt to the United Kingdom per Hospital Ships arrived at Cape Town from 
England, but before the end of the year practically every man had returned 
and been demobilised and very few were left in the Wynberg Hospital. 

During the period covered by this Chapter the following promotions, changes 
in personnel, etc., took place : 

Major Hoy's health gave cause for anxiety shortly after our return to Egypt 
from Palestine. He was in Hospital from November gth to isth and again from 
i nth March to April 6th. 

( )n the latter date he was invalided to the United Kingdom per Hospital 
Ship " Madras." That was the last we saw of our gallant and most popular 
Major. He returned to South Africa from England in June and proceeded at 
once to his home in the Standerton District. 

Captain Anderson reported from duty as O.C. Depot at El-Arish on 
November 28th, having handed over there to Major Cuningham. 

Lieutenant A. Leslie left for a month's U.K. Leave on January i6th, and 
Lieutenant Woods, M.C., was appointed Assistant Adjutant during his absence. 

Lieutenants Wigman and Gibson, R.Q.M.S. Sasse and S.M. Shipp proceeded 
on a month's LT.K. Leave on March 3rd. 

A/C.S.M. Hendricks, A. J. (1067) was appointed A/R.Q.M.S. vice Sasse. 



Photo by] c* ['ores, Alexandria, Egypt. 


Top row (left to right : I.ieutfiiant B. H. Moin, 2nd Lieutenant \V. I. Urown, Captain A. Earp-Jones 
(Chaplain), and Lieutenant C. K. Lambe, Lieutenant C. Reunert, 2nd Lieutenant D. W. Wheelwright, 
2nd Lieutenant B. P. Mosenthal, Lieutenant E. P. Stubbs, M.C., Lieutenant M. S. Davies, 2nd Lieutenant 

J. G. Hirsch, Lieutenant S. H. Rose-Innes, Lieutenant C. A. Hillary, 2nd Lieutenant H. Louw. 
Second row (left to right) : Lieutenant D. F. Botha, Captain J. W. Dalgleish, M.C., Captain A. Leslie 
(Adjutant), Captain H. Edwards, Captain J. M. Michau, Major W. J. R. Cuningham, Lieut. -Colonel G. A. 
Morris, C.M.G., D.S.O., Officer Commanding; Captain I. D. Difford (Q.M.R.), Captain F. Burger, Captain 

D. K. Pearse, Captain T. P. Rose-Innes, Captain F. Murchie. 

Botton row (left to right) : Lieutenant H. C. van piggelen, 2nd Lieutenant E. W. Tetnpler, 2nd Lieutenant 
F. C. Adamson, and Lieutenant D. H. F. Buchanan. 



On March the loth the following promotions appeared in Orders: 

Captain W. P. Anderson to be Major from 21/9/18 vice Major W. R. 
Cowell, killed in action 20/9/18. 

2nd Lieutenants S. V. Samuelson, M.C. and R. Colson to be Lieutenants 
from 2nd January, 1919. 

On March I4th, Captain Rose-Innes who had been on duty with the R.H.B. 
for some time, rejoined. 

2nd Lieutenant Mackenzie left on U.K. Leave on March 23rd, and was 
followed two days later by Captain Drew (Medical Officer). 

To replace the latter, Captain J. W. Dalgleish, M.C., R.A.M.C., was 
attached to us from the 53rd Division. Captain Dalgleish remained with us 
during the remainder of our stay in Egypt and returned to South Africa with 
us on the "Tambov." He soon became very popular with Officers and men 
who parted from him with real regret. 

When the Battalion was demobilised Captain Dalgleish had a spell of leave 
and duty in the Union and then left South Africa for England for demobilisation 
in December, 1919. 

Lieutenant Leslie returned from U.K. Leave on March 26th. 

Major Anderson was appointed Acting Second in Command (vice Major Hoy 
to Hospital) on April ist. 

It may here be noted that during April Brig-General James W. Walker, 
D.S.O., took over Command of the 53rd Division from Maior-General S F 
Mott, C.B. 

Captain Murchie, who was on duty with the R.H.B. for a month, returned 
to Camp on April isth. 

Captain Pearse assumed duty as "A" Company Commander on May ist, 
vice Major Anderson promoted. 

Captain Rose-Innes took Command of " B " Company on May I4th, vice 
Captain Robertson repatriated. 

When Major Anderson left for Sue/, on May isth, Captain Michau took over 
acting command of the Battalion as Lieut. -Colonel Morris was still absent on 
duty, and at the same time Lieutenant Leslie became acting Adjutant, vice 
Captain Tandy repatriated. 

On May i7th the following Officers proceeded on U.K. leave, viz. : 

Lieutenant Horseman, 2nd Lieutenants W. J. Buchanan, Hall, and 

On May i8th Major Cuningham and Captain Difford, Lieutenants Hillary, 
Moin, and Van Diggelen and 2nd Lieutenants D. Buchanan and Brown and the'ir 
batmen reported from R.H.B. 

Major Cuningham assumed duty as second in command, Captain Difford 
resumed duty as Quartermaster, and Lieutenant Brown took over the Transport 
Officer's duty rice Lieutenant Horseman. 

Lieutenant Leslie's promotion to acting Captain from 2gth May appeared 
in Orders 3oth May 

Lieutenant Wigman returned from U.K. leave on 2 ist June, and S.M. 
Shipp on June soth. 

Captain Edwards proceeded on U.K. leave on July I2th. 

Sergeant J. Berry (1135) was promoted Colour Sergeant on July 27th, 1919. 



I'lioto by] [ I /: & no>-cs t Ali-.\aiid>ia, Egypt. 


Standing: C.S.M. J. Scullard (1363), C.S.M. D. Wilkinson (12^3), C.S.M. D J Brown DCM (o), 

C.S.M. P. A. Daniels (i), C.S.M. C. A. Ruiters (132). 

Sitting: A/R.Q.M.S. A. J. Hendricks, D.C.M. (1067), Major W. J. R. Cuningham, Lieut -Colonel G. A. 
Morris, C.M.G., D.S.O., Captain A. Leslie (Adjutant), R.S.M. C. Calvert, D.C.M. (152). 



I'p to the moment when War broke out with Turkey in November, 1914, Egypt was still nominally 
a province of the Turkish Mm pi re It had an autonomous constitution and under diplomatic arrange- 
ment- between Britain, the Porte and the Khedive's Government, the foreign and internal position of 

was *tabi1:-td by a British army of occupation. 

The internal administration of the country was carried on by a Council of Ministers in the name 
of the Khedive, who thrived his hereditary powers from the Sultan's nrman. The Council of Ministers 
was ;i>Msted by British advisers, who, of course, were in the last resort guided by the British Consul 
i'.eiirral, and in this manner the occupying j*>wer, while interfering as little as possible with internal 
administration, was able to guide and reform. 

Noi lonv: before the outbreak of War, in 1913, a legislative assembly was introduced, with certain 
limited powers of legislation. The Assembly was partly appointed and partly elected, the President 
being appointed and Vice-President elected. The present Vice-President is Saad Pasha Zaghlul. 

When the War broke out the Khedive, who was at that moment in Constantinople, adhered to the 

enemy. He was accordingly deposed. Hussein Karael succeeded to the throne as Sultan independent 

of Turkey, and tin- existing position was legulai ised by the proclamation of a British Protectorate. 

Tlu- Council of Ministers retained their i>osts. The country accepted the position. During the War 

-sious of the Legislative Assembly were suspended. 

The - t,eiii\ '- scheme in ; was to raise a rebellion in Egypt, which was to facilitate 

the Turkish invasion from the a>t and a Tureo-Sciiussi attack from the west. In this is was hoped 
that ,iM i lie I'.t duin in western Egypt, and particularly in the. Fay urn region would join. This seht :in 
canu to nothing, although it was known that many different groups in Egypt, for example the exti. 
Nationalist-, the' followers of the late Khedive, the Turks, etc., each for their own purposes were in 
favour the: . 

Saad I'asha /.a^'lihil had formed a new Nationalist Party, as distinct from the old Nationalist Party 
of Mustafa Kanul The numbers of his committee were all or mostly elected members of the Legislative 

inbly. No doubt a great deal of preparatory and organising work has been done during the past 
lour years. He had BOUffht to give hN piopa^an- : iranev of strict legality, basing his demands 

mainly <>n the avoued war aims of the Allies and the doctrines of President Wilson. In this way he 
had i re the adhn-en ( of many of the moderates, and remarkably enough, of the Copts, 

who a- a lx)dy were naturally moderate in polities and had hitherto been opposed to all Moslem 
Nationalist sclu -im *. By making the retention of the Capitulations a plank in his platform _Saad has 
lid, and not wiili \ Tiipathies of certain of the foreign residents in Egypt- 

It must be remembered that the Capitulations afford great scope for the activities of an undesirable das-; 
oi foreign resident and trailer. It is however, somewhat surprising to see that the sympathies of 
many of the better cl re also enlisted by Saad. On the other hand the attitude of the 

:. 1'ress had been wholly admirable. Many of the moderates were aghast at the storm they had 
assisted to let loo*,', but were loo deepb involved to be able to Withdraw. Saad's great point was 
that he waited till the Allies had won the War and signed the Armistice. From that moment, he 
claimed, the Protectorate which was accepted as a War measure had ceased to have any legal justification. 
Disregarding the fact that a state of War Mill existed, he declared that the Protectorate had lapsed, that 
the Egyptians wen not bound to recognise any L'lw* of the British or of a British controlled Egyptian 
< .o\ ( i niiiem, and that in restraining public meetings and in preventing the departure to Europe of the 
unoitit ial delegation, eousistniy of elected members of the Legislative Assembly, the British Government 
wa* intolerably harsh. 

.o consider (hi- <jue*tion of the delegation*. Immediattly UIKUI the signing of the Armistice, 
Sa.\d P.isha demanded the right to proceed to Paris at the head of a National delegation to claim 
com; \i the --aim time the I 'rime Minister requested for himself and a colleague 

permission to go to England to discuss the future of Egypt. The British Government agreed to the 
departure of the official and refused permission for the unofficial delegation. It is unnecessary to go> 
into the reason which may have influenced this decision, but it may be said that Saad Zaghlul was a 
notorious agitator, who had already suffered imprisonment during the Arabi rebellion, though afterwards 

;:iitted to office 

On the refusal of permission for Saad'.* party pressure was brought to bear on Rushdi Pasha, the 
Prime Minister, who seemed therefore to have made his continuance in office conditional on permission 
being given for both parties Matters dragged on for several months, all efforts to form a new Ministry 
being frustrated by the machinations of Saad. It was always understood in the country that Rushdi 
med in office, after submitting his resignation, in the hope that eventually both delegations would 
receive pcrmi-sion to start. Therefore when his resignation was accepted this was considered to 
indicate a definite and final refusal for the Saad delegation. 

Meanwhile Saad had become more and more truculent in demands and language, and was known 
to be orvianisin:-; a movement of resistance to authority. After he had been finally warned he and his 
three principal confederates (Hamad el Basil, a chief of the l-'ayum Beduin, Mohamed Mahoud Pasha, 
late Mudir of the Behera I'roviiue and educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and Ismail Sidki Pasha) were 
arrested and dcirted. 

Thi* was th* 1 *imial for the launching of the movement organised by Saad. Disorders almost im- 
mediately broke out in the cities It appear* to be true that the moderate organisers of the city 
mart if eolation* and e-prcially the student participants had no idea that these manifestations were 
immediately to be turned into occasions for looting and pillage. These first disorders were suppressed 
with little trouble It wns evident, however, that the participation of the lower elements of the popu- 
lation had also been organised, no doubt by some special branch of Zaghlul's party. 

The movement a!mo*t immediately spread from the cities to the provinces, and showed itself as a 
carefully organised attack upon all communications, the vital t Joints being specially subject. On the 
part of most of the participant- the-e attacks uixm communications degenerated into a simple campaign 
of pillage, with increasingly murderous tendencies. The Beduin were called in by the organisers,, and 
were now, four years late, attending the tryst tiny had made with the Turks in Egypt. The Turkish 
flag had been raised at some points, and it would seem that the ignorance of the desert tribes had 
been exploited as to the real result of the War. 

The situation was soon got well in hand in the cities, but the Central Committee of .Saad's party- 
confessed that the situation in the provinces had gone completely beyond their influence. They deplored, 
apparently with sincerity, the cxc* **es which occurred. They showed, however, how deeply they were 
involved by their . -mfe-Mon that if they were to counsel a return to moderation they would be treated 
us traitors. 



Photo by] [Aziz & Dores, Alexandria, Egypt. 



Top row (left to right) : Band Sergeant C. Grey (2539), Sergeant Poole (1888), Sergeant A. Parkins (3179), 
Sergeant E. I.. George (1566), Sergeant S. D. Jansen, D.C.M. (1614), Sergeant H. Damons, D.C.M. (1465), 
Sergeant W. Raubenhiemer (2699), Sergeant W. Truter (1248), Sergeant J. D. I.ouw (1621), Sergeant H. W. 
Abrahams, D.C.M., M.M. (278), Sergeant H. Hofmiester (902), Sergeant J. Karele (1038), Sergeant P- D. 

Schoor, D.C.M. (480), Sergeant M. P. Thomas (1122), Sergeant P. Manuel (71). 

Second row (left to right) : Sergeant I. W. Arendse, D.C.M. (607), Sergeant W. Samuels (2230), C.Q.M.S. 
J. Davids (97), S. /Sergeant F. J. Cairns, M.M. (1144), Sergeant W. H. Augustus (204), Sergeant J. Walker 
(3132). Sergeant S. ]. Fredericks (255), Sergeant S. February (1357), Sergeant MacThomas (366), Sergeant 
E. Bezuidenhout (2775), Sergeant A. Thompson (1826), Sergeant A. P. de Vos (1072), Sergeant C. Carelse, 

D.C.M. (688), Sergeant W. Samuels (504), Sergeant J. Smit (1204). 

Sitting (left to right): C.S.M. P. Daniels (i), C.S.M. J. Scullard (1363), A. /R.QMS A J Hendricks, 
D.C.M. (1067), Bandmaster C. Linsell, Major W. J. R. Cuninsham, Lieut. -Colonel G. A. Morris, C.M.G., 
D.S.O., Captain A. Leslie (Adjutant), R.S.M. C. Calvert, D.C.M. (152), C.S.M. C. A. Ruiters (132), C.S.M. 

D. J. Brown, D.C.M. (9), A./C.S.M. D. Wilkinson (1253). 

Bottom row (left to right) : Sergeant J. H. Yon (1472), C.Q.M.S. W. H. la Vita (1127), C.Q.M.S. A. J. 

Reagon (1143), Sergeant J. Bredekamp (979), Sig. / Sergeant J. H. Alies (825), Sergeant J. Fitz (3143). 

Sergeant S. Maart (372), Sergeant J. Fillies (2504), Sergeant J. Locke (609). 



Mi.imvluU the t xtrt mists were continuing to carry on ;m active propaganda in favmir of continuance; 
at the same tune they appealed Tor the support of the foreign residents and attempted to suborn the 
British troops. Strikes of raihvay cinployi e> \\crc organised with considerable success and efforts 
continued to be made to intimidate all Government servants from remaining at their posts. 

In effect the province of Kgypt were in a state of rebellion The Bedtlin in the west constituted 
a partially armed enemy, who might eventually iinmhcr many thousands. 

The situation, it "ill be seen, presents certain parallel.-. Iwth to the Indian Mutiny and to the 
Boxer rebellion. So far the behaviour of the Egyptian army and city and rural police has been all that 
could be expected. In many cases small detachments of police shewed considerable gallantry; in others 
tiny allowed themselves to be disarmed by overwhelming numbers. 

< tin of the principal difficulties was to distinguish between the enemy and onr friends. 

Several cases of murders of ilct'cncckss Kuropcaus had already occurred, and in order to secure the 
-at'cty of the British and other foreigners scattered throughout Ihe country, the most energetic measures 
to nip the movement in the Imd were called for. A caution may be given against all spreading of 
alarmists reports. A movement of this nature could not be really formidable in face of modern arms 
of precision, and in view of the forces available. 

The movement has several aspects, aceordini; to the character of the participants. Underlying all 
there is a genuine national movement of the Egyptians. The ignorant, however, and especially the 
Beduin, care little or nothing for Egypt. With them it is apt to turn into a pro-Turkish and 
particularly into a Moslem movement. The Turkish flag has already been hoisted on various marakis 
(court-houses) which have bei n < aptiirr-d by the rebels. There is also some indications of the move- 
ment taking on a fanatical Moslem character. In those cases the risk of life of the foreign residents 
in the outlying districts will lie increased < in the other hand, the sympathies of the Copts, who form 
a fairly large proportion of the population, will be alienated, since they themselves will be exposed 
to massacre. 

[Photos by 

" B " Company. 






Photo by] [Captain S. Youart. 




Photo by] 

[Zadik & Co., Cape Towi 
O/C. R.H.I). 


AS stated in Chapter XIII., the War Office, early in igiS, authorised the 
formation of a Reserve Half Battalion to the ist Battalion. The Reserve 
Half Battalion was to be in substitution of the extra two double companies 
which had been specially sanctioned about eighteen months previously, and 
which ceased to exist concurrently with the coming into being of the Reserve 
Half Battalion. 

The authorised establishment of the Reserve Half Battalion was : 

Two company commanders (one to be a Major and also to command the 
Reserve Half Battalion), two Captains (company second in commands), twelve 
subalterns (four per company, two for the reserve machine gun section, one 
Adjutant and one Quartermaster), a Medical officer and a Padre. Two 
Companies and a Machine Gun Section. 

Two of the subalterns were to go forward with the battalion as Transport 
and Signalling Officers respectively. The total authorised establishment was 
eighteen officers and four hundred and seventy-three other ranks. The Padre, 
however, though authorised, was never appointed. 

The Reserve Half Battalion came into being at our Kimberley depot on the 
I3th March, 1918. Captain \V. J. R. Cuningham was promoted Major on 
March 25th to command same, and organisation started immediately. 

The following officers were appointed at once : 
Adjutant, Lieutenant T. E. James. 
Quartermaster, Lieutenant \V. Wigman. 
Medical Officer, Captain J. W. Bouwer, S.A.M.C. 
Officer Commanding "E" Company, Captain \V. Jardine. 
Officer Commanding " F " Company, Captain F. Murchie. 

At first there was a considerable shortage of officers, but by degrees several 
rejoined from hospital and others were appointed by the Union Defence Depart- 
ment, so that when the Reserve Half Battalion embarked for Egypt in July, Major 
Cuningham has his full complement. 

Training was taken in hand without delay, the depot instructional staff 
being assisted by a few experienced N.C.O.'s Major Cuningham had at his 

When the battalion left Kimberley for Egypt at the end of March the 
Reserve Half Battalion moved out of Xo. 3 Compound (Kimberley) and went 
under canvas on an adjoining site, leaving the compound entirely to the 
Regimental Depot. 

Men rejoining from hospital were dealt with by the depot for record pur- 
poses and then taken on Reserve Half Battalion strength. All recruits of course 
were also taken on depot strength and also transferred to Reserve Half Battalion 
as required after a period of preliminary training. Major W. P. Anderson, 
who had been transferred from the ist Cape Corps to the Union Defence Depart- 
ment, continued in command of the Depot and the two commands were kept 
entirely separate. 





For the first few weeks Major Cuningham had to call on Major Anderson 
for instructors, owing to shortage of officers and N.C.O.'s. In this connection 
Staff -Sergeant Salida did exceptionally good work, as indeed he had done for 
the past two years in the Depot. In five or six weeks very considerable progress 
was made, thanks in the main to Salida's efforts and energy. 

On April 24th the Union Defence Department sent Staff-Sergeant Buxton 
and two others from Potchefstroom to assist in the training, and Salida was 
able to return to his duties in the Depot. Training and organisation was then 
pushed on more energetically than ever for the next two months. 

The regimental band, which had come into being in March, remained with 
the Reserve Half Battalion when the battalion embarked for Egypt, and under 
the very able tuition of Bandmaster C. Linsell, made such rapid progress that 
in less than three months were able to perform at various military functions at 

The Reserve Half Battalion was inspected by Colonel Sir David Harris, 
K.C.M.G., V.D., at Kimberley, on May 24th. 

Early in June preliminary warning of embarkation for Egypt was received. 
On Tuesday, June i8th, a farewell church parade at the Kimberley Cathedral 
was attended by the Reserve Half Battalion, all men in the Depot, and all walking 
patients in blue from the hospital a total parade strength of approximately 
thirteen hundred. 

On June 22nd the Reserve Half Battalion entrained at Kimberley, arrived at 
Durban June 24th and sailed from there on June 27th in H.M.T. " Berwick 
Castle." All ranks on board the troopship numbered five hundred and sixty-two 
(twenty-one officers and five hundred and forty-one other ranks), which included 
approximately seventy left behind three months earlier by the battalion owing 
to lack of accommodation on their troopship. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris, who was prevented by illness from taking the 
battalion to Egypt in April, also embarked on the " Berwick Castle." 

The officers with Major Cuningham were : Captains W. Jardine, F. Murchie 
and J. W. Bouwer (S.A.M.C.) ; Lieutenants R. Feetham, C. S. H. Gardner, 
T. E. James, O. R. Jeppe, B. H. Moin, A. S. Ross, H. Wallis, M.C., W. 
Wigman ; Second-Lieutenants A. E. J. Antill, W. J. Buchanan, J. G. Hirsch, 
J. L. Hollins, C. R. Lambe, A. MacKenzie, B. P. Mosenthal and R. R. Solomon. 
The "Berwick Castle" reached Port Teufik (Suez) on July aoth. Great 
heat was experienced during the latter part of the voyage and the men, being 
uncomfortably overcrowded, suffered a good deal. Concerts, boxing contests, 
and the band compensated much for the discomforts. 

At Aden, when the ship coaled (July I2th/i3th) General Beattie, the 
acting Governor, very kindly took Lieut. -Colonel Morris and several officers out 
to the trenches and explained the position on that front. 

On arrival at Port Teufik the Reserve Half Battalion entrained at once for 
Kantara on the canal and, arriving there the same evening, proceeded to No. 2 
Infantry Base Depot. Training commenced again at once, despite intense heat, 
and the Quartermaster got very busy drawing arms and equipment, transport, 

Immediately after arrival at Kantara five officers proceeded to El Arish 
School of Instruction and twenty-five other ranks to the Signalling School at 
Kantara, where acting Corporal R. Burman (1108) did exceptionally good work. 
Orders were received to move to the battalion's depot at El Arish on August 
4th, but Spanish influenza ruled otherwise and ten days isolation in a quarantine 
camp at Kantara supervened. By August sth ten officers and nearly two 
hundred and fifty other ranks were in hospital with influenza. A week later, 
when the majority had recovered, a move was made to El Arish where Captain 
Burger and his Machine Gun Half Company were still bus}- training. 



Photo by] [/. C. Horsfall, Cape Town. 

C.Q.M.S. H. DE VARIEK (3481). 

SERGEANT H. D. LE Roux (904) and (4285). 

olo bj] ll.D.D. 


;'lio(u b>] ll.D.D. 





Lieut. -Colonel Morris left the Reserve Half Battalion at Kantara on August 
Qth to resume command of the battalion at the front. 

At El Arish Major Cuningham at once got to work on intensive training 
according to the syllabus laid down for the E.E.K. As at Kimberley the 
shortage of officers and the lack of N.C.O.'s capable of instructing was a great 
handicap at lirst, but matters gradually improved as officers and N.C.O.'s 
returned from the Schools of Instruction. 

The battalion was at this time in the line and officers and N.C.O.'s who 
came down to recuperate were able to assist greatly in the training by giving 
Major Cuningham the benefit of their recently gained experience. 

Captain Burger left El Arish towards the end of August with the Machine 
Gun Company to join the Machine dun Brigade at the front. 

Influenza broke out again very shortly after arrival at El Arish and another 
spell of quarantine ensued. This prevented drafts being sent at once to the 
battalion, who were in urgent need of men owing to the prevailing pestilence. 
However, the salubrious climate of El Arish worked wonders, and on August 
3ist not quite three weeks after arrival at El Arish Captain Jardine went 
forward with the first draft, one hundred and forty-four strong. Other large 
drafts followed at frequent and regular intervals. 

To enable as many officers and N.C.O.'s as possible to attend the various 
Schools of Instruction the working staff at El Arish was reduced to the irreducible 
minimum. This threw a heavy burden of work on those remaining, but they 
shouldered their task with great keenness and enthusiasm and training proceeded 

The proximity of the School of Instruction at El Arish proved most for- 
tuitous, as it had been to the battalion two months earlier. 

Lieut. -Colonel Synott, the commandant of the school, lent invaluable assis- 
tance and advice to Major Cuningham, as he had done earlier to Lieut. -Colonel 

The courses at the school were terminated by most realistic "stunts" to 
emphasise what had been taught, and to these, thanks to the courtesy of Lieut. - 
Colonel Synott, the Cape Corps were always welcomed. 

Captain Rose-Innes took the second draft of nine officers and one hundred 
and seventy-two other ranks forward on September loth. 

On September I4th, Captain Anderson arrived at Suez from South Africa 
per H.M.T. " Palmacotta " with a draft of eleven officers and seven hundred 
and seven other ranks. The officers were : 

Lieutenants C. A. Hillary, L. C. Johnson, C. Reunert, Second-Lieutenants 
F. C. Adnmson, D. F. H. Buchanan, W. I. Brown, R. L. Hall, H. Louw, P. 
Macfarlane, G. Whitfield, D.C.M., W. D. Wheelwright. 

Captain Anderson left Kimberley on August nth with eleven officers and 
seven hundred and twenty-five other ranks. At Durban, on August I3th, 
Second-Lieutenant G. Whitfield joined the draft and fourteen men were left 
behind (in hospital, etc.). 

Thirteen officers and seven hundred and eleven other ranks embarked at 
Durban on August i~th. During the voyage two men died and were buried 
at sea, viz. : Private Smit, C. (4267) cerebral malaria, August 2ist; Private 
Bantam, A. (5013) pneumonia, September loth. 

Lieutenant H. C. van Diggelen and two other ranks were disembarked at 
Aden (to hospital) and twelve officers and seven hundred and seven other ranks 
dismbarked at Suez on September i4th. 

Captain Anderson, after a good deal of trouble, had managed to get re- 
transferred from the Union Defence Forces to the ist Cape Corps, but to do 
so had to drop a step in rank. This was a case of great injustice. Anderson 
had received his majority in the battalion in December, 1917, vice Bradstock 





transfer! ed. He was at that time in command of our Depot at Kimberley. It 
\\as about then decided that the Depot should be commanded by an officer of 
the Union Defence Forces and Major Anderson was accordingly transferred 
from the Cape Corps to the Union Defence Forces, but without his knowledge 
or consent. Five months elapsed before ht; could obtain his re-transfer, and 
meanwhile the promotion of Captain Cuningham had left no vacancy for a 
Major in the battalion. 

Captain Anderson's draft arrived at Kantara on September isth. Anderson 
himself and the officers with him except Lieutenant Johnson left four days later 
to join the battalion at the front in order to replace others at schools, in hospital, 

On September iSth, Captain Jardine proceeded from El Arish to Kantara 
to bring forward the men of Anderson's draft, but on arrival there he was 
instructed by wire to proceed at once to the front to join the battalion and 
accordingly handed over the draft to Lieutenants Hay ton, Moin and Mosenthal 
who had been sent down from El Arish for the purpose. The draft reached 
El Arish on September 23rd. 

On September aoth, Second -Lieu tenant Brown and one hundred and forty- 
two other ranks left the Reserve Half Battalion for the front. 

Next day news of the battalion's heavy casualties on September aoth 
reached the Depot, and Lieutenants Jeppe and Wigman at once went forward, 
followed on September 27th by Lieutenant Gardner and one hundred and twelve 
men, and by fifty-seven more men on October ist. By the latter date eighteen 
officers and six hundred and fifteen other ranks had gone forward from the 
Reserve Half Battalion to the battalion within thirty-one days. This more than 
entirely absorbed the original Reserve Half Battalion, but meanwhile large 
numbers from the battalion had drifted back to El Arish through hospitals, etc. 
During September the strength of the Depot at El Arish w ; as once down to 
about two hundred, but, after the arrival of Captain Anderson's reinforcements, 
was never much below eight hundred. When the numbers in the Depot ex- 
ceded six hundred the men were formed into three double companies, viz. : 
"E" under Captain Jardine (who had returned from the front); "F" under 
Captain James ; " G " under Lieutenant (later Captain) Jeppe. 

Lieutenants Moin and Wallis, M.C., continued at El Arish the training of 
the reserve machine gunners which they had commenced at Kimberley. 

Captain Difford arrived in the Depot from hospital at the end of August 
and remained with the Reserve Half Battalion for several months, having been 
medically classified as B.I (lines of communication duty only). He took over 
duty on September 21 st as Quartermaster Reserve Half Battalion from Lieutenant 
\Vigman, who went forward to the battalion. 

During the period i8th August to I2th October, twenty-four officers and 
seven hundred and fifty-one other ranks were sent forward from El Arish to 
join the battalion at the front. 

On October 2Oth, Major Cuningham went forward to take over duty as 
second in command of the battalion and Captain Robertson arrived from the 
front to command the Reserve Half Battalion. Robertson only remained three 
weeks and then passed on the command to Major Anderson (November nth). 
After the signing of the Armistice (November nth) the strictly military 
training at the Depot was somewhat modified and more time given to games 
and recreation. Football, both Rugby and Association, were encouraged and 
inter-platoon competitions arranged. No. 17 Platoon (" E" company) captained 
by Sergeant M. J. Abrahamse (318) won both competitions. 

On October 2ist a most successful sports meeting was held to celebrate the 
third anniversary of the formation of the Cape Corps (for results -vide Chapter 



Photo by\ II.D.D. 



Photo by] II.D.D. 



PJioto b.v] II.D.D. 




The tendency to slackness following upon the armistice was combatted by 
every possible means. Route marches and parades in the morning were fol- 
lowed by football, cricket and bathing in the afternoon and frequent concerts 
in the evenings. 

After the armistice, following the practice introduced throughout the E.E.F., 
a school was started in the Depot and several men previously illiterate began 
rapidly to acquire knowledge of the three " R's." It was a great pity that the 
preliminary move order at Christmas time caused the closing down of the 
school and that the period of suspended animation which ensued prevented a 

Major Cuningham returned to El Arish and resumed command of the Reserve 
Half Battalion on November 26th, vice Major Anderson who rejoined the 

A boat washed up on the beach near camp was repaired by the pioneers 
and a fishing party organised. Several good catches resulted. One day the 
use of a few hand grenades produced sufficient fish to feed two hundred ajid 
fifty men. 

Towards the end of the year the Wady came down in flood, washing out the 
parade ground, but a better site was at once found on the football ground at 
the School of Instruction. The latter closed down early in December. 

At the school farewell sports meeting after the final classes several men of 
the Reserve Half Battalion distinguished themselves. Lance-Corporal Hopley 
(5160) won the 100 yards and the obstacle race and was second in the mile. 
Corporal Sass (3772) was second in the 100 yards and Private Africa (517) second 
in the obstacle race. Lieutenant Moin on " the Bint " was second in the officers' 
jumping competition. 

A few days before Christmas warning was given of early impending return 
to South Africa, but nothing came of it. This was the first of many false 
alarms and it was not until nearly three months later that the Reserve Half 
Battalion eventually left El Arish, and then it was not to return home but to do 
duty in Egypt. 

On Boxing Day another most successful sports meeting was held and on 
New Year's Day a Marathon race was a huge success. Individual prizes sub- 
scribed for by the officers and a valuable company prize was given. (Vide 
Chapter XX.). 

The course was about five miles along the beach and back to camp. 

At the sports on Boxing Day quite the feature was the magnificent turn-out 
of the Dep6t transport under Corporal Hankin, N. (4527). Prizes were given 
for the best turned out officer's charger, pack mule, and G.S. wagon and team. 
The judges (visiting officers) found great difficulty in awarding the prizes owing 
to the uniform excellence of the turn-out. 

Colonel Parker, Governor of the Sinai Peninsula, -who was one of the judges, 
suited that he had not seen a better transport parade in the E.E.F., or in twenty 
years' experience. 

The squad under Sergeant Fisher (765) (" G " company) won the Guard 
Mounting competition at the Boxing Day Sports. 

The regimental band came forward from South Africa with the Reserve 
Half Battalion, but after a few weeks at the Depot went up the line to join the 
battalion. Soon afterwards the drum and fife band came from the battalion to 
El Arish and eventually returned to South Africa with the Reserve Half Battalion. 
Under Corporal Sylvester, H. (1055) they were of great assistance at the route 
marches, parades, guard mounting, etc. 

Sergeant Paulsen (432) the battalion pioneer sergeant, was invalided to El 
Arish shortly after the arrival of the Reserve Half Battalion. With his assistance 
the Quartermaster organised a pioneer section which soon became most efficient, 






r> t 

i-I > 

T 1 

* E 



;a$. : - 

Photo by] /' '' ^ItJin. 


I'lwtu i.y] II.D.D. 


I.AXlTE-CciKPORAI. Ml'.AS (40!.?) AT El. ARISH, 

DECEMBER, 1918. 

Photo by] [l.D.D. 


Photo by] II.D.D. 


Privates liailey (3249), Lopsol (2138), Mannel 

(4741), Crowley (5^51), and Frazer (5266). 





in fact, indispensable. They built kitchens for officers' and men's messes, 
stables and harness room for the transport, greatly improved the officers' mess 
accommodation, built a concert platform, made bricks and laid paths in the 
camp, etc. Before the Reserve Half Battalion left El Arish they had so much 
improved the camp that there was no other regimental depot in the E.E.F. to 
compare with it. In fact, even the big depots laid out and built by the R.E. 
were little better. 

Captain Bouwer organised the sanitation of the camp on the most systematic 
and thorough lines and was equally efficient in his treatment of the camp sick. 

After the operations on the Palestine front and the consequent imperative 
demand for reinforcements had ceased, the men of the Depot were afforded the 
opportunity of visiting Jerusalem. Parties of thirty went there under an officer 
every few days, and afterwards Lieutenant Ross was temporarily stationed at 
Jerusalem to look after the leave parties. 

There was a certain amount of rain, cold and high wind at El Arish during 
the winter (November to February) but on the whole the weather left little to 
be desired. The site of the camp in a palm grove and right at the water's edge 
was ideal, and the officers and men who were fortunate enough to spend some 
months there were lucky indeed. 

Although there was no chaplain attached to the Reserve Half Battalion the 
spiritual welfare of officers and men was not neglected. El Arish was the head- 
quarters of Anglican (Captain Backhouse) and Roman Catholic (Captain Amery) 
chaplains whose sphere of influence extended from Kantara to Ludd, and both 
reverend gentlemen contrived to hold church parades in our camp practically 
every Sunday. 

On March 6th, Captain Edwards brought the battalion concert party (known 
as the " Peach Blossoms ") to El Arish and gave two most enjoyable concerts, 
which were attended and greatty appreciated by all the troops in the area, as 
well, of course, as by the men in the Depot. 

Early in March ominous signs of unrest became apparent in Egypt, and 
no one was the least surprised when orders reached Major Cuningham to hold 
the Reserve Half Battalion in readiness to take a hand in maintaining order, and 
that meanwhile our return to South Africa would be delayed. A few days later 
orders to move into Egypt were received. The Depot was at once closed and 
the Reserve Half Battalion left El Arish for Kantara on March igth. 

There we heard that rebellion had broken out and that the mob were 
blowing up the railways, attacking trains and murdering and pillaging all over 

Prompt corrective measures had already been taken and the task allotted 
to the Reserve Half Battalion was the protection of a section of railway some 
seventy miles in length between Suez and Ismailia. We left at once and 
established our headquarters on March 2Oth at Fayed Station, midway between 
the two places named. 

Platoons were immediately posted at the various stations as under : 
Xefisha and Serapeum : Lieutenant Rackstraw, M.C. 
Abu Sultan : and Lieutenant Brown. 

Fayed : Headquarters (here were two hundred men and two machine 
guns). Major Cuningham; Captain Difford, Captain Bouwer 
(M.O.) ; Lieutenant Johnson (Adjutant), Lieutenant Moin (M.G.). 
Fayed Bridge : Captain Jeppe. 
Fanara : 2nd Lieutenant Whitfield, D.C.M. 
Geneffe : Lieutenant Hayton. 
El Gebel : Lieutenant Hillary. 



"'-"" JGJ-" x 

PJiofo by] [I.D.I). 





Photo by] [Captain }. W. Bouiver. 



FEBRUARY, 1919. 

Photo \>y\ [Captain ]. W. Bouwcr. 


liARBIER, II'. /'. (875), AND Cpl,. GoI.IATH, F. (1032). 


Photo b.v] [Zadik & Co.. Cape Town. 


Cape Corps Records and Attesting Officer, Decem- 
ber, 1916, to July, 1918. AdjustaiH, Reserve Half 
Battalion, 1918-19. 



' a 







Shallufa : Captain James. 
Aim Halab : Lieu-tenant Ross. 
IU Kubri : Lieutenant Gardner. 

Lieutenant van Uiggelen and Second-Lieutenant D. F. H. Buchanan acted 
as relieving officers. 

For the next month all ranks were kept very busy. The line had to be 
patrolled clay and night and all signalmen, lamp men, and permanent way 
repair parties guarded and supervised. Many of the railway officials were 
suspect and had to be closely overlooked. 

The weather was excessively hot, varied by strong \\inds and dust storms, 
but that was the worst we had to contend with. Xo attacks were made on our 
section of the line, nor was there any sign of insurrection or insubordination, 
and by the end of April the situation was normal in the Suez-Ismailia-Kantara 

.Major Cuningham had a very strenuous month,' having to be constantly 
up and down the line inspecting and over-seeing 'his section. Shortly after our 
occupation of Fayed the S.A. Field Artillery, under Lieut. -Colonel S. S. Taylor, 
C.M.C.., D.S.O., travelled over the section en route to Suez to return to .South 
Africa. \Ye paraded at the various stations and gave them a hearty cheer as 
they passed through. This compliment was much appreciated by " our gunners " 
d-idc Lieut. -Colonel Taylor's letter, see appendix). 

On May ist preliminary warning was received of early return to South 
Africa and the next day Captain James with three other officers and four hundred 
and five other ranks proceeded to Suez to await embarkation. 

On May 4th the remainder of the Reserve Half Battalion were relieved and 
also proceeded to Suez, with the exception of two platoons under Lieutenants 
Ross and Gardner who carried on at Nefisha Lock and Fayed respectively for 
some days longer. 

Private Matthys, B. (4730) was run over and killed by a train at Suez on 
May 7th. 

On arrival at Suez the Reserve Half Battalion went to the British Transit 
Camp to await embarkation. On May 6th Major Cuningham with two hundred 
men and the necessary complement of officers moved to Arbain camp and 
temporarily took over various guards and other garrison duties in Suez. Tlie 
remainder carried on in the British Transit Camp with Captain James. 

On May i6th the following officers, viz. : Major Anderson, Captains 
Robertson, Tandy, Vouart, and Lieutenants Colson and Manley with three 
hundred other ranks homeward bound, arrived from Battalion Headquarters 
(Mustapba- Alexandria) . Major Cuningham handed over the Reserve Half 
Battalion (seven hundred and fifteen all ranks) to Major Anderson and the latter 
at once embarked with thirteen officers and nine hundred and ninety-eight other 
ranks on H.M.T. " Tambov," and left for South Africa on May i8th. 

The officers who sailed with Major Anderson were : Captains Robertson, 
Tandy, M.C., Bouwer, Youart, James and Jeppe ; Lieutenants Ross, Rackstraw, 
M.C., Gardner, Hayton, Colson, Johnson and Manley. 

Major Cuningham, Captain Difford and Lieutenants Moin, Hillary, and van 
Diggelen, and .ind Lieutenants Brown and D. Buchanan and their batmen left 
Suez the same day to rejoin the battalion at Alexandria. 2nd Lieutenant 
\Yliitfield was left in hospital at Suez and was later evacuated to the United 
Kingdom per hospital ship. 

Before leaving Fayed (May 4th) Major Cuningham received a most compli- 
mentary letter of farewell and thanks from Brig. -General A. H. O. Lloyd, com- 
manding P. L. of C. headquarters, Ismailia (vide appendix). 



(is. H. Aloin. 

Photo by] HDD 


Photo by] 


IB. H. A/o//! 



In a sense the work clone by the Reserve Half Battalion at Kiiuberley, at the 
depot, El Arish and on the Suez line (period March, 1918 to May, 1919) was of 
secondary importance, in that no actual contact with the enemy took place. 
Nevertheless, most useful service was rendered and much valuable work accom- 
plished. The training, which was extremely systematic and thorough, was 
reflected in the great achievements of the battalion, September iSth to 2oth, 
1918, in which a large number of the Reserve Half Battalion participated. 

The great care taken of the men's health was a great factor in the numerical 
strength and fitness of the several drafts sent forward. 

In a word, everything in connection with the Reserve Half Battalion was 
performed with the most punctilious conscientiousness and regard for the welfare 
and interests of the battalion by Major Cuningham.. 

In addition to the officers and men already mentioned in this chapter for 
work well done, the names of the following should be added, vi/. : - 

R.S.M. Rutherford, \V. E. 

C.S.M. Ruiters (132). 

C.Q.M.S. Caster, P. (392). 

C.Q.M.S. de Vartek, H. (3481). 

Sergeant Abrahams, H. \V. (278). 

Sergeant Le Roux, H. (4285). 

Corporal Cupido, D. (406). 

Corporal Meas, C. (4013). 

Corporal Oersen, T. P. (5015). 

Corporal Preston, G. H. (1211). 

Corporal Livers, J. A. (2666). 

Corporal Timmins, \V. J. (1414). 

Corporal Citto, A. (1718). 

Corporal Abrahamse, J. C. (6395). 

Corporal Stevens, T. (1006). 

Corporal Hussey, E. (605). 

Private Alexander, P. (1283). 

Private Wyngaard, H. (1409). 

Private Palm, A. C. (3145). 

The " Tambov " with the Reserve Half Battalion on board arrived at Durban 
on Monday, gth June. She was met by Mr. Oliver Lea, Chairman of the Recep- 
tion Committee, and the ladies of the West Street Hut, who boarded the vessel 
and dispensed fruit, cigarettes, etc., which needless to say were gratefully 
accepted and appreciated. 

After breakfast the Reserve Half Battalion disembarked and, headed by the 
municipal band and their own drum and fife band, marched to Albert Park 
where they were received by the Mayor pf Durban (Mr. Thomas Burman, 
M.B.E., M.P.C.) who extended to Major Anderson and his officers and men 
Durban's welcome and congratulations. Speaking with obvious sincerity His 
Worship referred to the proud achievements of the ist Cape Corps and the high 
standard of efficiency which they had reached. He was sure the lessons learned 
on service would help them in their future careers. 

Present at the Park and supporting the Mayor were the Mayoress, the 
Executive Committee of the Ladies' Patriotic League, members of the local 
Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee, Councillors Ycrnon Hooper (Deputy 
Mayor) and W. H. Lane, Lieut. -Colonel Giles, C.B.E. (Base Commandant) and 
other officers of the Durban Base, Mr. Oliver Lea and other members of the 
Governor-General's Reception Committee, Mr. W. P. M. Henderson (Town 
Clerk), Mr. C. S. Jameson, President of the Cape Corps Reception Committee, 
and Mr. A. R. Williams, Secretary of the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts 
Committee (Cape Town) who had travelled to Durban to meet the men. 





C t 




p > 


a. -C.KJ 
< u?' 

1 5; 

ill! 5 

^- r* ^** S 





Major Anderson, having replied on behalf of the ist Cape Corps, the men 
gave hearty cheers for the citizens of Durban and were then regaled with refresh- 
ments, fruit, cigarettes, etc., by the Patriotic League, acting on behalf of the 
burgesses of the City of Durban. 

This most hearty " welcome home " by the Mayor and prominent citizens 
of Durban was in keeping with Durban's traditional reputation for hospitality to 
the King's soldiers, whether coming or going, but it was not on that account the 
less appreciated and esteemed by officers and men of the ist Cape Corps, whether 
actually present that day or not. 

From Albert Park the Reserve Half Battalion marched to Congella camp 
where demobilisation commenced without delay. The organisation at Congella 
camp for rapid demobilisation was most excellent. After arms and equipment 
had been handed in officers and men were medically boarded, and within a 
fortnight all ranks had left for their homes except the medically unfit principally 
men who had recently had malaria who were detained for treatment. 

The Base Commandant (Lieut. -Colonel Giles, C.B.E.) and the Camp 
Commandant (Major Butler) expressed great satisfaction at the conduct of the 
men and the assistance they received from the officers, whilst the Camp Quarter- 
master wrote thanking Major Anderson for the manner in which stores and 
equipment, etc., had been handed' in. 

The Y.M.C.A. Hut at Congella camp was about to close when the Reserve 
Half Battalion arrived but was kept open for another month for their especial 
benefit. Fruit, cigarettes, etc., were issued to the men and the officials in 
charge could not do enough for the men's needs and comfort. 

The Cape Corps Paymaster (Captain W. H. Smith) and the Records Officer 
(Captain Cooper) who had travelled from Cape Town to Durban to meet the 
Reserve Half Battalion had a strenuous time for some days. Both officers and 
their respective staffs most efficiently and expeditiously dealt with the men's 
pay and records. 

The men were despatched from Durban in special trains, each under a 
regimental officer, to their various destinations. Lieutenant Rackstraw, M.C., 
took the first train load to Cape Town where a great reception awaited them. 
Dense crowds collected along the route from the railway station to the Cit}- 
Hall, the coloured community naturally turning out in full force. 

After inspection at the station by Lieut. -Colonel C. N. Hoy, D.S.O. (who 
had just returned from Egypt via the United Kingdom) the Reserve Half 
Battalion were received at the City Hall by the Mayor (Mr. \V. J. Thorne) who 
was supported by Colonel Sir W. E. M. Stanford, K.B.E., C.B., C.M.G. (Hon. 
Colonel of the regiment), Sir Harry Hands, K.B.E., Bishop Gaul, Canon Lavis, 
Colonels Devine, T. J. J. Inglesby, Trew and Hodgson, .Messrs. Blackstone 
\Yilliams, Eames Perkins, and many others. 

After the Mayor had extended a very hearty welcome to the men and 
eulogised the deeds of the ist Cape Corps, His Excellency the Governor- 
General, Viscount Buxton, arrived and addressed the men. He welcomed them 
as Goyernor-General on behalf of His Majesty the King and in the name of the 
people of the Union of South Africa. His Excellency made highly compli- 
mentary reference to duty well done which had helped to uphold the reputation 
of South Africa. 

Having sympathised deeply with the relatives and friends of those who 
had given their lives in the great cause for Empire, Lord Buxton wished the 
men of the Cape Corps every success in their future lives. Having proved good 
soldiers he was sure the men were determined to prove equally good citizens. 

Colonel Mentz, Minister of Defence, and Sir Harry Hands also paid tribute 
to the ist Cape Corps and eulogised their services. 



W * 







Till-: STORY ()!' VHIC 1ST CAl'K CORPS. 









During the period covered by this chapter the following promotions, changes 
of personnel, etc., took place, viz. : 

C.S.M. Twynhum, D. (1192) who had been at Durban on recruiting duty 
returned to Kimberley and assumed duty as R.S.M. Reserve Half Battalion on 
May 1 6th. 

C.S.M. Carollisen (280) succeeded Twynham as R.S.M. on June 26th. 

During the voyage from Durban to Suez Private Joseph, A. (2459) died of 
pneumonia on July nth and was buried at sea. 

Sergeant Henry Siljeur (349) left the Reserve Half Battalion at El Arish on 
August 1 5th to join the record office staff at General Headquarters, 3rd Echelon, 

Photo by} 


Photo by] 



Privates Jackson (1714), Abdulla (2387). Brink 
M.vSjl, and Dyson (002). 



Top row (left to risiM) : Private Van Wyk, C. 
(5128), Private Ti-rlilaiu-lu-, S. (4984), Private 
liiiik-ricks, J. (4736), Corporal l.iver", J. A. (2666). 
Suited : Private Isaacs, D. (3432), Private Johnson, 
W. (2836), Sergeant I'aulscn, J. C. M. (432), Private 
Carelse,. J. (194), Private Dunn, T. (2708). On 
ground : Private Eiidley, W. L. (5059), Private 
Carelse, C. (1348). 

In August, Lieutenant R. Feetham, M.L.A., left Egypt for England to 
become Chairman of the " Southborough Committee," one of two reform 
committees appointed by the Secretary of State for India, to visit India and 
enquire under the presidency of Lord Southborough into certain questions 
connected with the Indian Constitutional Reforms then under consideration, 
and to provide material for the new Government of India Bill to embody those 
reforms. The Bill was passed by the Imperial Parliament and became law at 
the end of 1919. 

Lieutenant James was admitted to hospital on September 2nd and Lieutenant 
H. Wallis, M.C., was appointed acting Adjutant. 



On October isth, Lieutenant Johnson succeeded Wallis and continued to 
act as Adjutant until the Reserve Half Battalion was demobilised eight months 


On October irth Lieutenant H. C. van Diggelen reported at El Arish ex 
hospital (Aden). 

Corporal N. Hankin (4527) and five of his transport men proceeded to the 
R.A.S.C. Animal Transport School at Ludd on October agth. They returned 
a month later with an excellent report. 

Private R. Johnson (2280) was drowned whilst bathing at El Arish on 
November 2nd. 

Captain Jardine who had returned from the front was appointed second in 
command of the Reserve Half Battalion on November isth and Captain Rose- 
Innes assumed command of " E " company. 

On December iath, Armourer Staff Sergeant Papworth, R.A.O.C., was 
attached for duty and remained with the Reserve Half Battalion for some weeks. 

On January I2th R.S.M. Rutherford, who had been on duty with the 
R.H.B. for several weeks since his discharge from hospital, left to rejoin his 
unit, 2 /7th Northumberland Fusiliers, and C.S.M. Abrahams, M. J. (1483) 
became Acting R.S.M., R.H.B. 

In January Lieutenant Wallis, M.C., was seconded for duty with Head- 
quarters P.L. of C. (first at Ramleh, afterwards at Ismailia) and did not return 
to the R.H.B. until May Sth. 

Early in March Captain Jardine proceeded to the United Kingdom on leave. 

Captain Murchie relieved Captain Rose-Innes of the command of E Company 
on March I4th, and the latter rejoined the battalion. Captain Murchie returned 
to the battalion on April nth. 

During the march to the station at El Arish on March igth, Private N. 
Koeberg (4988) fell out and died next day of heart failure. 

Lieutenant Wallis proceeded to the battalion for duty on May nth. 









WHEN the ist Cape Corps came into being at Simonstown towards the end 
of 1915, a Machine Gun section (four guns) was authorised. The 
establishment of the section consisted of one officer and forty-five other 
ranks. The latter included two European staff sergeants (Sergeants N. O. 
Harvey and J. HowardJ, one sergeant (the first was S. W. Dunn, 1134), 
four lance-sergeants and one corporal. 

Captain Lindsay Campbell, who had been a brigade machine gun officer 
in the South-West African campaign, was appointed to the command of the 
section. The guns supplied to the section at Simonstown and used throughout 
the East African campaign were Maxims. 

Training commenced at Simonstown in November, 1915, but was carried 
on under difficulty owing to the lack of skilled instructors to assist Captain 
Campbell and the total absence of the usual appurtenances of a School of 
Musketry. However, the best possible was done under the circumstances, and 
when the battalion embarked for East Africa on the gth February, 1916, the 
Machine Gun Section had achieved a considerable measure of efficiency. 

On arrival in liast Africa General Headquarters decreed that another officer 
should be attached to the Section. On February 25th, therefore, at Kajiado, 
Lieutenant F. Burger, who was a trained machine gunner, was transferred from 
No. 9 Platoon to the Machine Gun Section. Two days later Captain Campbell 
was admitted to hospital as the result of a kick from one of his refractory mules. 
During his absence (two months) Captain F. E. Bradstock was placed in tem- 
porary command of the Section with Captain W. P. Anderson and Lieutenant 
Burger as sub-section commanders. On Captain Campbell's return to duty 
Captains Bradstock and Anderson returned to Company duty . 

Early in May thirty-two native porters were posted to the Section owing 
to the fact that the pack mules could not live in the area in which the Cape Corps 
then was. 

During May Lieutenant J. Arnott with two Rexer guns was posted to the 
Section, but that particular weapon was shortly afterwards discarded by the 
authorities as unsatisfactory and the guns were returned to Ordnance. 

At Tsame (June, 1916) a further eighty-four porters were added to the 

During the period of the battalion's service on lines of communication 
(March to June, 1916) the Machine Gun Section underwent continuous training 
and made rapid strides. 

Lieutenant Burger was placed in immediate charge of the porters. They 
were raw at first and the lack of a language medium proved almost insuperable. 
The N.C.O.'s, however, revealed marked aptitude for mastering the local native 
tongues and in a few months the porters were brought to a state of efficiency 
and discipline which was the subject of favourable comment by those best able 
to judge. 

In July, at Kangata, Lieutenant Alexander was attached to the Section, 
but before long was invalided to South Africa and did not return. 



Photo by] [IS. W. Templer. 


Photo by] IB. H. Main. 



l.awn Tennis Champion of Alexandria, April 27th, 

1919, won E.E.F. Quarter-mile Championship at 

Cairo, February 28th, 1919. 

Photo by] [E. H'. Ttmpler. 




On the aist September, Lieutenant Burger was promoted Captain and to 
be second in command of " 13 " Company. A few weeks later Captain Campbell 
was invalided to South Africa and Captain Burger succeeded to the command 
of the .Section. 

On October ist the two European N.C.O.'s were invalided to South Africa 
and replaced by coloured men (Sergeants Brown, D. J. (9), and Jacobus, D. C. 


At Morogoro, in November, 1916, the complement of guns was increased 
to eight, which of course entailed an increase in personnel and porters. Lieu- 
tenants Gardner, Wigman and and Lieutenant Heaton were accordingly detailed 
to join the Section, but before they could materially assist Captain Burger, they 
had to be instructed in machine gunnery. 

On December nth, at Morogoro, the following Corporals were promoted 
Sergeants, viz. : 

Johar, G. (160). 
Temmez, H. (439). 
Allison, J. (647). 

The Machine Gun Section proceeded with the battalion to the Rufiji River 
area in December, 1916, and a section with four guns took part in the famous 
march to the Makalinso crossing on January and, 1917 (-vide Chapter VI. page 


Magnificent work was done by the machine gun porters that day and a 
number of them received monetary awards. 

On January 2oth, the Machine Gun Section received their baptism of fire 
at Kibongo. Two sections were in action that day, one under the immediate 
command of Captain Burger and the other under 2nd Lieutenant Heaton. By 
common consent they did splendid work. Captain Burger's section was mainly 
responsible for capturing a hill held by and of great importance to the enemy, 
and they also materially assisted in turning the enemy's flank and In repelling 
a counter-attack. 

Private le Brun (1179) received the Military Medal for good work in this 

Returning to Morogoro with the battalion in March, 1917, the Machine Gun 
Section were in like parlous state to them, owing to the ravages of fever. There 
were not sufficient fit men to man one gun and the "porters were in similat 
plight, and the reorganisation of the whole Section became imperative. 

To that end, Captain Burger forfeited a month's leave to South Africa, 
which had been granted to him. Lieutenant Ivor Guest was posted to the 
section, but at the time knew nothing about machine gunnery. By dint of 
great application, however, he so thoroughly mastered the mechanism of the 
gun in a few weeks that he was of immense assistance tto Captain Burger. In 
two months Captain Burger was able to man twelve guns, an extra four having 
in the meantime been authorised and allotted to him. 

Shortly afterwards Lieutenant Botha and 2nd Lieutenant Howe-Browne were 
posted to the Section, which rapidly improved in efficiency. 

On June 3oth, 1917, Sergeants D. J. Brown (9) and D. C. Jacobus (599) were 
promoted C.S.M. and C.Q.M.S., respectively. 

Two sub-sections under Lieutenants Guest and Botha took part in the 
operations which culminated in the capture of Naumann's force by Lieut. -Colonel 
Morris, and one sub-section under Second Lieutenant C. F. Abbott (temporarily 
attached) was "in at the death " of ZingePs party. 

Howe-Browne was not with the Section long owing to illness, but at the 
end of September Second Lieutenants M. S. Davies and F. I. Girdwood 
arrived from South Africa and joined Captain Burger's command, and 
from then onwards he had his full complement of officers, viz. : Lieutenants 



Photo by] [H. W. Herman, Kimberlcy. 

SERGEANT J. MEYER (1064), M.G. Co. 

O.C. Machine Gun Company. 




(Standing) : Cpl. Smit, J. (1204); Pte. Carelse, 

C. I68R); I.. -Cpl. I. W. Arendse (607). (Sitting) : 

I,.-Cpl. Johnston, A. (2893); Ptc. Felix, C. 




Guest and Botha, 2nd Lieutenants Davits and Girdwood. A keener set of 
machine gunners would have been hard to find in Kasl Africa than the four just 
named, and the Section made rapid strides in consequence. 

During the operations in the Lindi area in November, 1917, the machine- 
gunners were in action daily for a fortnight and emerged from the ordeal with 
great credit. 

On November 6th, at Mkungu, Guest and three men fwere killed on one 
gun, and on the same day Botha and Girdwood were wounded. Guest's death 
was a great blow to Captain Burger and his men. By his untiring energy and 
zeal he set a splendid example. 

On November 8th, when the battalion made a most successful flanking 
attack d'idc page 151), the machine gunners did fine work and especially the sub- 
section under Davies, which kept pace with the Infantry and got into action 
simultaneously with them. 

On that afternoon ^a machine gun porter, armed only with a panga (bush 
knife) chased and captured an armed enemy Askari. For that feat he received 
a monetary award and was presented by '-the Brigadier (General O'Grady) with a 
captured sword. Alas ! this sword, of which he was inordinately proud, was 
stolen from him a ifew days afterwards. 

Girdwood was wounded a second time on the Makonde Plateau 
(November i6th), but meanwhile Second Lieutenants E. !W. Templer and C. A. 
Vipan (from S.A.I.) had been posted to the Section to replace casualties (Guest 
and Botha) . When \Botha returned to duty Vipan was transferred to company 
strength, but Templer remained with the Section until demobilisation. He im- 
mediately gained the confidence of his men and did excellent ^ork during the 
continuation of the Lindi operations. 

At Massassi, on the eve of the departure of the battalion from East Africa, 
the guns of the Machine Gun section were handed over to the K.A.R. One of 
the guns had been presented with twenty-seven others to the Imperial Govern- 
ment in 1901, by the State of Guernsey. That particular gun was temporarily 
put out of action one night on the Makonde plateau the fusee-spring box being 
damaged. A letter informing the State of Guernsey of the fact was despatched 
to the Secretary to the Dominion. It was read to the 'State in session and evoked 
much interest. Captain Burger received a request that the damaged box might 
be sent to the State as a souvenir, and that was duly done. 

The value of discipline and training was very forcibly illustrated by the 
conduct of the machine gun porters in East Africa. Captain Burger from the 
first was at pains to impress upon them the fact that they Iwere Askari (soldiers) , 
not labourers. They were drilled and treated as soldiers. The result was that 
in the Lindi operations their discipline, conduct, and bravery in the firing line 
was beyond praise. Under heavy fire they carried their guns into action, re- 
turned with empty belts and brought up reserve ammunition without flinching. 
Their only complaint was that the Cape Corps always wanted to fight and never 
gave them enough time to prepare their " Chakula " (food). Their grief wa? 
great when they finally had to part with their ; " Bwana umkuba " (big chief) 
(Captain Burger) at Lindi before our final departure from East Africa. 

On the return of the battalion to South Africa tin December, 1917, the 
Union Defence Department were in communication with the War Office with 
reference to the Machine Gun Section. The result was the authorisation of a 
provisional establishment of a Half Machine Gun Company and a Reserve 

This Half Company consisted of seventy-seven of all ranks, the officers being 
Captain F. Burger (commanding), Lieutenant D. F. Botha, and and Lieutenants 
M. S. Davies, F. I. Girdwood and E. W. Templer. 



From Kimberley, in February, 1918, the Half Company went to the gunnery 
school at Potchefstroom for a refresher course. At the conclusion of the course 
the majority of the men were classified as first class gunners and the instructors 
expressed the opinion that they were quite equal to the best of the European 
troops who had passed through their hands. 

The Half Company was inspected prior to leaving Potchefstroom by Colonel 
Grant, Commandant of the Camp, who told them that they were the smartest 
turned out body of men he had inspected during his two years of duty at Potchef- 
stroom . 

The men's conduct had been such as to remove the rprejudice which still 
existed at Potchefstroom and elsewhere against coloured troops, and there was 
110 friction whatever with the European staff. 

On April 3rd, the Half Company embarked at Durban with the battalion for 

Lieutenants B. H. Moin and H. Wallis, M.C., remained at Kimberley with 
the Reserve Half Battalion in order to train and bring forward the Machine Gun 
Reserve Section. 

On arrival in Egypt the existence of the Half Machine Gun Company 
surprised the authorities there as there was no such other establishment in the 
Imperial Forces. 

The guns issued to Captain Burger in Egypt were Vickers, of which his 
men had 'no previous knowledge. With their wonted keenness, however, they 
soon mastered the intricacies of the weapon, and when Lieut. -Colonel Pardoe, 
G.S.O., P. L. of C. inspected the Half Company at El Arish in June, 1918, he 
was astonished at the men's knowledge of a new gun. He reported that the 
Cape Corps machine gunners were quite fit to belong to the Machine Gun Corps 
and orders were received for the Half Company to be attached thereto at once 
for further training, and that they would eventually be increased to a full 

Captain Burger was then sent to the Imperial School of Instruction (M.G. 
wing) at Zeitoun (Cairo) where he passed two courses and received flattering 
reports from the O.C. School. The courses were : 

(1) Tactical combination in action of all arms; 

(2) Combined course, Tactical and Technical handling of machine guns 

comprising topography, map and compass reading, etc. 

After Captain Burger's return fromvthe school air his officers in turn attended 
courses there to their own advantage and considerable benefit to the Half 

In August, 1918, by order of G.H.Q., E.E.ip., the Cape Corps Machine Gun 
Company came into being. Special authority for the establishment of the 
Company was issued, the same to consist of a Headquarters and two sections of 
four guns each. 

Headquarters consisted of one officer, one warrant officer, two sergeants and 
twenty-four other ranks. Each section of two officers, two sergeants and thirty- 
two other ranks. Total five officers, one warrant officer, six sergeants, and 
eighty-eight other ranks, or in all exactly one hundred. A complete equipment 
of transport proportionate to the establishment was also authorised. (In detail : 
six officers' chargers, thirty draught horses, six wagons, L.G.S., one cooks' 
cart and one water cart). 

On August iath, Lieutenants Moin and Wallis and the Reserve Section 
arrived at El Arish from South Africa with the Cape Corps Reserve Half 







The Machine Gun Company were to have followed the battalion to the front 
as soon as their training was completed, but an outbreak of influenza supervened, 
and it was not until nearly two months after the battalion had gone forward 
that Captain Burger and his men were able to leave El Arish. 

At Rham Alia, Captain Burger reported to the 53rd Battalion Machine Gun 
Corps (XXtli Corps) commanded by Lieut. -Colonel Partridge, D.S.O., and were 
placed in Divisional Reserve during the operations 18/20 September. 

A promise was made that the Company should, if possible, support the 
battalion in action, but, as recorded in a previous chapter, the latter did not 
engage the enemy after September aoth, and the opportunity was consequently 
not forthcoming. This was a great disappointment to all ranks of both the 
battalion and the Machine Gun Company. 

After the termination of hostilities on the Palestine front the Company 
returned to Egypt with the 53rd Machine Gun Battalion, and continued to do 
duty with them. 

Later, when orders were received to repatriate the ist Cape Corps, Captain 
Burger and his men rejoined the battalion and the Company returned to South 
Africa with them in August, 1919. 

Captain Burger himself returned to South Africa via the United Kingdom. 
Lieutenants Davies and Girdwood returned with their men, and Lieutenants 
Botha and Templer remained in Egypt on duty with the Army of Occupation. 

Whilst at El Arish information was received of the award of the D.C.M. 
for services rendered in East Africa to C.S.M. Brown, D. J. (9), Corporal (late.- 
Sergeant) Arenclse, I. W. (607) and Private (later Sergeant) Carelse, C. (688). 

Sergeant Samuels, W. S. (504) did splendid work with the Machine Gun 
.Section in East Africa in looking after and drilling the porters and controlling 
them when in action. 

During practically the whole period of its existence, from the time of arrival 
in East Africa to its departure from Egypt, Captain F. Burger was identified with 
the Cape Corps Machine Gun Section (later half company and company) and 
was responsible for its efficiency. He did most thorough and conscientious work 
throughout and was mentioned in General Allenby's final despatch " for gallant 
and distinguished conduct during the war." 

Photo by] [Scallan, Cape Town. 

C.S.M. D. J. BROWN (9). 



Photo by] [Sydney Taylor, Cape Town. 


O.C. Cape Corps Depots in South Africa, ist November, 1916, to nth 
August, 1918. 




(2) WOLTEMADE HI., 1ST AUGUST, 1916, TO I3TH DECEMBER, 1917. (3) 

WHEN the battalion embarked for East Africa on the gth February, 1916, 
Captain C. E. Stevens was left in command of the Depot at Simonstown. 
With him were Lieutenant Alexander, and 2nd Lieutenants Rackstraw 
and Wilson and approximately three hundred other ranks and a staff of some 
dozen instructors under Sergt. -Major Windrum. 

Training was continued on exactly the same lines and syllabus as prior 
to the battalion's departure. Recruiting had been suspended for the time being. 

During the period from March to June drafts were sent forward to the 
battalion in East Africa as follows : 

In March : Lieutenants Alexander and Wilson with two platoons. 

In April : Lieutenant Rackstraw with a platoon. 

In June : Lieutenant H. S. Bell with a platoon. 

(Lieutenant Bell had joined at Simonstown early in April.) 

Major-General Thompson and Lieut. -Colonel Finch continued to take the 
same interest in the training of the men as they had done from the inception 
of the battalion and were frequent visitors to the Depot at Simonstown and later 
on at Woltemade. 

The D.O.R.E. at Simonstown rendered great assistance with the training 
and instructed the officers in entrenching, bridge-building and field engineering 

About the middle of June, the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment arrived 
at Simonstown for a period of rest and recuperation after a long spell in East 
Africa. They took over the portion of our site above the main road and our 
camp was moved to vacant ground below the road. The C.O. Loyal North 
Lanes, at once interested himself in our training and detailed several of his 
most experienced N.C.O.'s to assist our instructional staff. 

At that time H.M.S. " Kent " was stationed at Simonstown and Commander 
Bedford took the greatest possible interest in the work of the depot. He 
presented to Captain Stevens, for the Depot, a flag which had been flown from 
his ship in the battle of the Falkland Islands and sent his ship's band to play 
Lieutenant Bell's platoon from -the camp to the station when they left for East 

European Staff Sergeants Wilkes (1443) and Akehurst (1438) reported for 
duty at the Depot in June. Both these men went forward to East Africa with 
Lieutenant Bell's draft. 

At the end of June, Major Durham arrived from East Africa to assume 
command at the Depot. 

Staff Sergeant A. A. Hayton was promoted Second Lieutenant on July ist 
and was appointed Depot Adjutant and Quartermaster. 

On or about July aist, Captain Stevens left for East Africa with a platoon. 





On Saturday, August ist, the Depot was transferred from Simonstown to 
\Voltemade III. This move was sanctioned by the authorities as the result of 
representations made by Major Durham that a great deal of time was being lost 
and training delayed by the necessity of sending the men all the way to 
Woltemade for their musketry courses. 

In the Depot at the time were some fifty trained men and approximately 
two hundred recruits. A special train took all ranks to \Yoltemade which was 
reached at noon. In five hours the ground had been levelled and the new camp 

On Monday, August 3rd, a new recruiting campaign was commenced 
throughout the Union. This was urgently necessary in view of reports received 
of the heavy toll fever and dysentery were taking of the battalion's ranks in 
East Africa. 

Major Durham, in addition to his duties at O.C. Depot, became also Chief 
Recruiting Officer at Cape Town. He was assisted by Lieutenant Hallier, who 
had been invalided from East Africa, and by Lieutenant L. C. Johnson (Records 
Officer.) On the day that the new campaign opened Lieutenant Hayton was 
sent on a route march through Cape Town with one hundred men in order 
to stimulate recruiting. 

A few days after the move from Simonstown to Woltemade Captain 
Lawrence, S.A.M.C., was detailed from the Alexandra Hospital, Maitland, to 
act as Depot Medical Officer with a medical personnel of one staff sergeant and 
two privates. 

During the month of August, the following gentlemen were gazetted to 
commissions in the ist Cape Corps, viz. : 

Major W. Jardine (A.C.F.) to be Captain ist Cape Corps ; Gordon C. White, 
Esq., to be Captain ist Cape Corps; Lieutenant M. Potgieter and Messrs. H. 
Coates and T. E. James to be Lieutenants ist Cape Corps ; and Messrs. G. W. 
de Yilliers, R. Feetham, M.L.A., I. A. M. Guest, A. Leslie, H. R. Thornton, 
and Sergeant W T . S. Heaton (Loyal North Lancashire Regiment} to be Second 

The recruiting campaign proved an unqualified success and within two 
months fifteen hundred men had been duly attested. The training of these men 
of course involved much overtime work by all the officers and instructional 
staff. Of the latter, Staff Sergeants Salida, MacKenzie and Hopkins did 
especially good work. 

Splendid progress was made and by the end of October over one thousand 
of the men had been formed into four companies, viz., " E," " F," " G " and 
Depot Companies, and were sufficiently advanced to be ready for drafting. 

Meanwhile Lieutenant Hallier had gout forward with a platoon in September 
and 2nd Lieutenant Heaton with another in October. 

In October the Mayor of Cape Town received for presentation to the 
battalion a regimental colour which had been worked by the ladies of Boksburg 
(Transvaal) as a compliment to the Officer Commanding (Lieut. -Colonel Morris) 
who was a resident of Boksburg at the outbreak of war. This flag was presented 
to Major Durham who accepted it on behalf of Lieut. -Colonel Morris and men 
of the battalion by the then Mayor of Cape Town (Councillor Harry Hands, 
Esq.) on the Grand Parade, Cape Town, on October I2th, 1916. This event 
was made the occasion for a grand ceremonial parade of all officers and all more 
or less fully trained men in the depot (about nine hundred). The officers on- 
parade were Major Durham (in command); Captains Jardine and White and 
Lieutenant Leslie (company commanders); Lieutenants de Villiers, Feetham, 
Guest, Hayton, James, Potgieter and Thornton. 



Prior to the presentation the parade was inspected by Brig. -General 
Cavendish, C.M.G., G.O.C., South African Military Command, who was accom- 
panied by his staff and the senior officers of the garrison. 

The Mayor, in making the presentation, said that the flag had been worked 
by the Women's War Fund Committee of Boksburg and was presented by them 
as a compliment to Lieut. -Colonel Morris and several other officers of the regi- 
ment who were Boksburg residents, and as a token of their interest in the 
battalion and as a mark of their appreciation of the services the men were 
giving on their behalf and on behalf of South Africa and the Empire. 

Mr. Hands also said he was sure that he was expressing the feelings of 
the residents of Boksburg, as he was his own and those of the citizens of Cape 
Town, in saying that wherever they were called upon to serve he knew the men 
of the battalion would strive to uphold the traditions of the old Colony and 
add fresh laurels to those which had been won by the Cape Corps in this war 
and by the old Cape coloured regiment in the past. 

Lieutenant James with the Colour Guard then advanced to receive the flag 
and with it marched back to the battalion where it was received with " the 
present " and the National Anthem. The battalion then marched past General 

The Cape Times described the flag presentation as "a most impressive 
and successful function," and stated that " the men gave an excellent display of 
marching with precision "...." The handling of this body of men reflected 
the greatest credit on all concerned and the whole of the movements executed 
on the Parade can only be described as a wonderful exhibition." 

After the presentation the Mayor entertained the officers at the City Hall 
and the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee feted the men. 

Shortly after the flag presentation, when there were some twelve hundred 
men in camp, twenty-four hours' notice was given for the removal of the 
Depot to Sir Lowry Pass, but within a few hours that order was cancelled, and 
it was intimated that one thousand men would proceed from Woltemade to 
East Africa at an early date to reinforce the battalion in the field. 

On October 3ist, Captain W. P. Anderson arrived from East Africa in 
order to take command at the Depot and to relieve Major Durham who was to 
take forward the men he had trained. With Anderson came Captain Cuningham 
to take command of one of Durham's companies and go forward with it. 

Captain Anderson took over the partially trained men (some three hundred 
and fifty) and the Depot and instructional staff, whilst Major Durham commanded 
the four companies of trained men. 

On November 25th, Durham left for Durban with the following officers, 
viz. : Captains Cuningham, Jardine and White ; Lieutenant Guest ; Second 
Lieutenants Coates, Feetham, Hayton, James, Leslie, Potgieter and Thornton 
and one thousand and fifty rank and file in three special trains. 

At Durban the troop trains were drawn up alongside the troopship H.M.T. 
" Miltiades," which left, as soon as embarkation was completed, for Dar-es- 
Salaam (November 28th). 

During the period that Major Durham was O.C. Dep6t he was greatly 
assisted by Lieutenant Hayton who worked night and day in the dual role of 
Depot- Adjutant and Quartermaster. 

When Captain Anderson took over he had only one officer, Second Lieu- 
tenant de Villiers, to assist him run the Depot, in which there remained after the 
departure of Major Durham's draft, some three hundred and fifty partially 
trained recruits. 

The day after Durham left, Anderson, who still suffered much from malaria, 
was .removed unconscious to Wynberg Hospital and 2nd Lieutenant de Villiers, 
then quite inexperienced, was left alone to run the Depot. When Anderson 



returned from Hospital three weeks later he found that de Villiers had done 
splendid work, and there was much to be done after the departure of over a 
thousand men, in straightening up the camp, the records, Quartermaster's stores, 

De Villiers had organised a staff which may have been inexperienced, but 
\vas at least more than willing. Sergeant Lakey, S. F. (105) and Privates 
Adriaanse, A. (1194), Arendse, S. I. (1002), and Smith tackled the clerical and 
stores work with great energy and application and the instructional staff had 
continued their yeoman work, particularly Sergt. -Major Windrum and Staff 
Sergeants Salida, Hopkins and MacKenzie. 

Some of the other instructors were not satisfactory, and as the authorities 
were not able to replace them by better men, Captain Anderson decided to 
organise a coloured instructional staff. For that purpose he selected a number of 
the most capable N.C.O.'s who had been invalided from East Africa and had 
reported at the Depot from hospitals and convalescent camps. These men were 
given three weeks' special instruction by Sergt. -Major Windrum and at the 
end of that time were passed as qualified to instruct, and set to work. 

This experiment proved so great a success that Captain Anderson was able 
to get rid of all the European instructors except Windrum, Salida, Hopkins and 
MacKenzie. Coloured instructors who became most efficient were Sergeants 
Andrews (3034), Wilkinson (1253), Peters (1604), Paul (3575), Paulse (625), 
Sass (3772), and Benjamin (164). The first three named became first-class and 
did invaluable work. 

After Lieutenant Hayton's departure for East Africa there was no Depot 
Quartermaster for some weeks, but eventually Anderson's urgent representations 
resulted in the appointment of Captain A. R. Noble by the Union Defence 

By March, 1917, Captain Anderson had got everything in the Dep6t running 
smoothly and instruction proceeding apace, and he was accordingly authorised 
to recruit another five hundred men. A certain number of these recruits came 
. from all over the Union, but by far the larger proportion were attested at the 
City Hall, Cape Town, by Lieutenant L. C. Johnson (Records Officer). As 
time was not so all-important as it had been during the previous recruiting 
campaign Mr. Johnson was able to exercise great care in selection and only the 
best type of man was enrolled. 

During the early months of 1917, large numbers of men of the regiment 
who had been invalided from East Africa reported at the Depot from hospital 
and also several officers from hospital and leave. 

Towards the end of May, Major Cowell and eight other officers and five 
hundred and eighty-five men left the depot for East Africa. All the officers and 
two hundred and thirty-three of the men had been in East Africa, the balance 
were recruits going forward. 

At the end of May, Generals Cavendish (G.O.C., South African Military 
Command) and Hunter and their staffs paid a visit of inspection to the Depdt, 
accompanied by Lieut. -Colonel Morris, who was then on leave from East Africa. 
They spent some time in camp watching the training in progress and conversing 
with the recruits, and expressed entire satisfaction with the work which was 
being carried on. 

In May the formation of a 2nd Cape Corps Battalion had been authorised, 
and early in June Captain Anderson was instructed to recruit five hundred men 
for that unit. These men were drafted into the Depot and their initial training 
undertaken by Captain Anderson. That he had no difficulty in doing, as Sergt. - 
Major Windrum's staff of coloured instructors had been increased and also 
become thoroughly efficient. 



Photo by] [Carl Adams, Cape Town. 


Photo by] 

IJ. G. Horsfall, Cape Town. 


Photo by] [H. W. Herman, Kimbcrley. 





Lieut. -Colonel Flinch was appointed first C.O. 2nd Battalion, but was 
released from service after a few weeks duty, and handed over the command to 
Lieut. -Colonel J. G. B. Clayton, M.C. 

Simultaneously with the latter appointment Captain Anderson was ordered 
to recruit another live hundred men for the 2nd battalion. That was very soon 
done, and no sooner were these men handed over to Lieut. -Colonel Clayton 
than authority was received to recruit five hundred men for the Cape Coloured 
Labour Corps then under the command of Lieut. -Colonel Vollie van der Byl in 

About the same time Woltemade III also became the depot for details of 
the Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Corps then serving in France. 

The ist Cape Corps Depot had, therefore, become a general Depot for all 
South African coloured units, and there were at the end of July, 1917, over 
two thousand men under canvas at Woltemade. To handle that large number 
of men Captain Anderson had, excepting medical personnel, only two officers 
(Captain Noble and Lieutenant de Villiers) and three European instructors 
(\Vindrum, MacKenzie and Salida). The work devolving upon that small 
European staff demanded herculean labour from every one of them. Fortunately 
for them they received occasional assistance from officers reporting at the Depot 
from hospital and leave whilst waiting to return to East Africa. The adminis- 
trative and clerical work could not possibly have been efficiently performed by so 
small a number of Europeans had not the coloured men proved equal to rendering 
much capable assistance as clerks, instructors, and assistants to the Quarter- 
master. Numbers of the men did most valuable work. They took pride and 
interest in their duties and very soon became thoroughly competent and trust- 

Early in 1917 such large numbers of the ist Battalion had been invalided 
from East Africa that a wing of the Alexandra hospital at Maitland had to be 
set apart for their reception, and there were at times as many as a thousand 
men there. These men received the greatest care and attention from the 
medical and nursing staffs. The Cape Corpus Gifts and Comforts Committee 
arranged frequent concerts, entertainments and outings for the patients, who, 
when convalescent, were allowed out frequently on pass so that their lot under 
all the circumstances was not altogether unenviable. . 

About the end of July the following officers who had been gazetted to the 
ist Battalion reported at the Depot, viz. : Second Lieutenants E. B. Bloxam, 
J. S. Dreyer, M. S. Davies, F. I. Girdwood, E. Rose-Nel and G. L. Ware. 

On August 24th, Captains Difford and Cuningham, who had been in hospital, 
left the Depot to return to East Africa. Cuningham took with him the six new 
officers just above named, three officers ex hospital (Captain Murchie, and 
Lieutenants Wigman and Bourhill) and three hundred men, some of whom were 
old hand returning after sick leave, and other recruits. 

At the end of August, 1917, the total strength of the ist Cape Corps was 
approximately four thousand, distributed roughly as follows : 
One thousand live hundred in the field in East Africa. 
One thousand in the Depot in South Africa. 
One thousand in hospital. 
Five hundred on leave. 

Early in December, IQI~, orders were received that the Depot was to be 
transferred to Kimberley, where the Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Depot had 
been moved some months previously. 

During the whole period that our Depot had been in the Cape Peninsula 
(February, 1916 to December, 1917) great assistance was rendered to the various 
officers in command at the Depot by the majorit}- of the senior staff officers of 



the garrison, both Imperial and U.D.F. The great interest taken in the Corps 
and the practical assistance rendered by Major-General Thompson and Lieut. - 
Colonel Finch have already been referred to. 

Others who did all they could to advance the interests of the Corps were 
Lieut. -Colonel Fowle (D.A.G. The Castle), Lieut. -Colonel G. Hodgson (District 
Staff Officer, U.D.F.) and Lieut.-Colonel C. Gutsche, C.G.A. (O.C. Table Bay 
Defences) . 

The move to Kimberley was completed on isth December, on which date 
a.ll officers and men were established in No. 3 Compound, Kimberley, which had 
been kindly placed at the disposal of the Union Defence Department by the 
directors of De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd. 

At the same time all patients at Alexandra Hospital, Maitland, were trans- 
ferred to No. 5 General Hospital, Kimberley. 

The advent of such a large body of coloured troops was obviously not to 
the liking of a certain section of the inhabitants of Kimberley, and a certain 
amount of' trouble and disorder occurred during the Christmas holidays. 
Fortunately, strong handling of the situation by Major Anderson, and later on by 
Lieut.-Colonel Hoy, very soon restored order and tranquility. Mr. G. J. Boyes, 
the Resident Magistrate, and some of the more influential inhabitants of the 
Diamond Fields, notably the Bishop of Kimberley, the Mayor (Mr. Orr) and the 
Chairman of the Recruiting Committee (Mr. K. C. Elliott) lent valuable aid in 
calming the hooligan element in the town. The finding of the official enquiry, 
held by Brig. -General Collyer, who came down from Pretoria for the purpose, 
was that the ist Cape Corps were in no way to blame for what had occurred. 

Officers and men who did valuable work in keeping the men in order during 
this trouble were Lieutenant Lynch (and Cape Corps), Sergt. -Major Ruiters 
(132), Sergeant Adriaanse (1194), and Privates A. Jaftha (725) and Marthinus, 
S. (1014). (Vide also page 169.) 

Major Anderson had only just got the Depot at Kimberley into something 
like working order when the ist battalion returned from East Africa. The 
first draft of three hundred reached Kimberley, under Captain Tandy, on 
December 29th, 1917, and during February and March nearly a thousand more 
arrived at Kimberley on return from the month's leave granted to them after 
they had passed through the convalescent camps at Potchefstroom and Jacob's 
Camp (Durban). (Vide Chapter XIII.) 

All these men on return to Kimberley were taken on Depot strength and then 
re-transferred to the ist Battalion, which was busy mobilising for further oversea 
service (Egypt). 

Major Anderson went on a month's leave in February, 1918, and during 
his absence Major Cowell assumed temporary command of the Depot. 

In March the ist Cape Corps Reserve Half Battalion was formed and drew 
on the depot for its required establishment (eighteen officers and four hundred 
and seventy-three other ranks). 

The ist Battalion left Kimberley for Egypt on March 3 ist, and the Reserve 
Half Battalion on June 22nd. With the departure of the latter only two or 
three hundred men remained in the Depot, but numbers continued to rejoin daily 
for some weeks on discharge from hospital at Kimberley. Recruiting and train- 
ing continued unabated, as it was expected that large drafts would be required 
by the battalion in Egypt. 

When Major Anderson returned from leave he found that during his 
absence and without his knowledge or consent he had been transferred to the 
U.D'.F. He at once pointed out that he had no desire to be or to remain 
an officer of the U.D.F. and requested his immediate re-transfer to the Cape 



Corps. On August ist, after four and a hall months persistence, he succeeded 
in getting back to his regiment, but to do so had to revert to Captain's rank, 
his place 'in the battalion having been filled. 

Lieutenant G. \V. dc Villiers, Depot Adjutant, was also transferred from 
ist Cape Corps to the U.D.F. ton February i4thj. 

After his return to the regiment Captain Anderson continued to be O.C. 
Depot until nth August, igiS, when he handed over to Major Ralph Morkel 
(U.D.F.) and left for Egypt with a draft of eleven officers and seven hundred and 
twenty-five other ranks. The officers were Lieutenants Hillary, Johnson, van 
Diggelen, and Reunert, Second Lieutenants Adamson, D. F. H. Buchanan, 
Louw, Macfarlane, Hall, Wheelwright and Brown. (At Durban Second 
Lieutenant \Yhitfield joined the draft and fourteen men were left in hospital). 

Shortly after Anderson's departure for Egypt Lieutenant G. W. de Villiers 
applied for his release and left the Depot on September aoth. De Villiers had 
been Adjutant and the O.C.'s right hand man at the Depot for close on two 
years, during which time he had put in an immense amount of loyal hard work. 
Captain J. Nel (U.D.F.) took De Villiers place as Depot Adjutant. 
Shortly before the Depot closed Captain C. W. Smuts (U.D.F.) took over 
command of the Depot from Major Morkel. 

In October, 1918, the influenza epidemic which ravaged South Africa at 
that time wrought great havoc in the Depot at Kirnberley. Matters became so 
bad that the Depot had to be closed for a time and the men sent on leave to their 

During the epidemic two officers and one hundred and fifty-eight men died 
at Kimberley. 

The Officers were Lieutenants \V. R. Smith and H. A. Rainier. Captain 
A. R. Xoble and Lieutenants Pickering and H. Feinhols of the U.D.F. Camp 
Staff also died of influenza. 

During the time that Major Anderson was in command of the Depot at 
Kimberley he received great assistance and support from Lieut. -Colonel A. J. 
Taylor, C.M.G., D.S.O., O.C. troops, Kimberley district, and from the latter's 
successor Major Prins, M.C. 

Colonel McKenzie (A.D.M.S.) and the medical staff at the Kimberley 
Hospital, viz. : Colonel Orford and Captains Wukinson and Davis (Adjutant), 
did everything that was possible for the care and comfort of the large number 
of invalids who passed through their hands. 

Others who took a great interest in the welfare of the men in the Depot 
and assisted Major Anderson in every possible way were Colonel Sir David 
Harris, K.C.M.G., and Mr. K. C. Elliott, Chairman of the Recruiting Com- 

The Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee at Kimberley were not less 
indefatigable than their colleagues at Cape Town had been in looking after the 
men and entertaining them. Messrs. Tobin, Jaftha, McLeod and Sass were 
always particularly to the fore in this connection. 

The signing of the Armistice on November nth, 1918, brought the raison 
d'etre of the Depot to an end. The men on leave owing to the influenza epidemic 
were accordingly recalled and every man was demobilised as soon as possible 
and the Depot finally closed on i2th December, 1918. 

The Depot had been in existence from first to last for close on four years, 
during which time over six thousand men of the ist Cape Corps alone had passed 
in and out. Including the 2nd Cape Corps, the Cape Horse Auxiliary Transport 
Corps, and Cape Labour Corps, the figures were nearly ten thousand. Only 
those behind the scenes were aware of the immense amount of hard work which 
devolved upon the O.C. Depot and his staff. 



The splendid reputation made by the ist Battalion Cape Corps in the field 
was due in 'very large measure to the loyal and energetic efforts of Major 
Anderson and the officers and N.C.O.'s on his staff. 

Mention has been made of the hard work done in the earlier stages by 
.Lieutenant Hayton and also of the good service of Lieutenant G. W. de Villiers, 
Sergt. -Major Windrum and Staff Sergeant Instructors Salida, Hopkins and 
MacKenzie. Others whose efficient work contributed in no small degree to the 
smooth working of the Depot were : Captain A. R. Noble (U.D.F.) Depot 
Quartermaster for nearly two years until his death from influenza on October 
8th, 1918 ; Lieutenant L. C. Johnson (U.D.F.) Records Officer from 8th January, 
1916, until his transfer to the Cape Corps and departure for Egypt (nth August, 
1918) ; Second Lieutenant H. Feinhols (U.D.F.) who was appointed a Staff 
Sergeant when European N.C.O.'s were authorised for clerical work in the 
Depot. He worked like a Trojan and was most painstaking. Feinhols received 
his commission early in September, 1918, and died of influenza a month later. 

Sergt. -Major Cook (U.D.F.). This Warrant Officer was sent to Kimberley 
from the S.A.M.R. to be Camp Sergt. -Major at the Dep6t. He carried out his 
duties in a most capable manner, as did the Depot Q.M.S. R. H. Cannell and 
Staff Sergeants C. A. Johnson and Cryer. 

The following officers of the S.A. Medical Corps did duty at the Depot at 
different times, viz. : Major Ellis, Captains Hertzlet, Lawrence and Mason, all 
of whom deserve the sincere and grateful thanks of all officers and men who 
passed through their hands for the care, consideration, and satisfactory treat- 
ment bestowed upon them. 




This chapter may well be closed with a quotation from a sub-leader which 
appeared in the Cape Times on October 13th, 1916, the day after the flag pre- 
sentation recorded in this chapter : 

' ' Major Durham and the officers of the Cape Corps are to be con- 
gratulated on the splendid appearance of the regiment yesterday afternoon 
on the occasion of the presentation of colours. We have had occasion in 
the past to refer to the good work of the regiment in East Africa, where the 
men have given evidence of their high efficiency in many capacities. Thus 
an officer who has had opportunity of observing them under many con- 
ditions in the field wrote quite recently : ' Men have gained honour and 
glory in the fighting line, but no regiment deserves greater admiration than 
the Cape Corps for the manner in which they have carried out their work.' 
Yesterday the public had the opportunity of seeing the newest recruits to 
the regiment. They have been drilling and training for a very few weeks, 
yet the general opinion yesterday was that veteran regiments could scarcely 
have made a better showing upon parade. The explanation is that the men 
themselves are extraordinarily keen on maintaining the good name the 
regiment had already earned. They have acquired a sense of esprit de corps 
to a surprising degree. They devote even their hours off duty to drill and 
military exercises. Moreover, they are thoroughly well officered by men 
who are as keen as themselves. The discipline has been excellent and the 
behaviour of the corps in camp beyond reproach. There are sound reasons 
for believing that the formation of the corps is likely to have a permanent 
and a very important influence in improving the general moral of the 
community from which it has been recruited." 

That was independent impartial testimony in October, 1916, and subsequent 
reference to the files of the Cape Times and other journals of standing, at 
different times during 1917 and iqiS, would clearly indicate that the views then 
expressed held good to the end. 




THE Anglo-Saxon passion for athletics and field games and sports of all 
kinds was admitted by all the world to have been a material, if not indeed 
the vital, factor in the success of the British Armies in the Great World 
War. The valuable lessons learned on the playing fields of the Empire stood 
the Imperial Navy and Armies in great and powerful stead on many a terrible 
day in the mud of Flanders, in the sands and heat of Egypt, Palestine, and 
Mesopotamia and in the fever stricken swamps of East Africa and elsewhere, 
and in a lesser degree all our Allies owed their success more or less to the fact 
that during the years immediately prior to 1914 practically the whole civilised 
world had come to see the virtue of games and physical exercises of every kind 
and had fostered and encouraged them in every possible way. 

As the War progressed and developed it was more and more recognised 
and admitted everywhere that robust and vigorous sports and pastimes were 
the best possible peace time training for the man who would provide the fighting 
strength of a nation in time of war. 

Since the Armistice evidence has been forthcoming from all quarters that 
the value of _and the desirability of encouraging games and field sports of all 
kinds has received world wide acknowledgement as a result of the experience 
of the previous four terrible years. 

That is a fact on which the whole world may be congratulated, and the 
British Empire, as the Pioneers, in particular. 

For some time prior to 1914 some were found to say that too much time 
was devoted in Britain, in particular, and in the Empire in general, to sports 
.and athletics. 

It is unlikely that much of that sort of nonsense will be heard again during 
the next generation or two. 

Young men and maidens will be able to indulge in, and old men and women 
support and encourage out-door sport and games to the utmost limit of their 
capacity and their leisure without fear of cavil or carping criticism. For that 
let us be truly thankful. 

During the actual progress of the War, however, a comparatively small 
proportion of the contestants had much time to participate in games or athletic 

For the major portion of their three years and ten months' service as a unit 
the Cape Corps certainly had to leave such pleasures severely alone. After the 
Armistice, however, during the nine months spent in Egypt, before returning 
to South Africa, Officers and men had ample opportunity to indulge in cricket, 
football, athletics, etc., and in competitions with other Units of the E.E.F. 
greatly distinguished themselves. 

During the mobilisation period at Simonstown (October, 1915 to February, 
1916) the men had no time at all for games, but several of the Officers took part 
in a few cricket matches, at Newlands, Army vs. Civilians, and so on^ and 
Captain Pearse played two or three times with success for the Western Province 
Cricket Club. 


In a match at Simonstovvn for the Military against the troopship " Orbita " 
five officers played and all scored over 20, Major Hoy leading with 63, and 
Captain Difiord took six wickets. 

During twenty-two months in East Africa twice only did opportunity occur 
to participate in games. 

At Morogoro on October 2ist, 1916 the first anniversary of our mobilisation 
an entirely successful all-day sports meeting was held. 

The local war sheet, " The Morogoro News," edited by Reuter's representa- 
tive with General Smuts' Forces, that gifted Pretoria journalist, Mr. Vere Stem, 
gave a very good account of that enjoyable day which is worth quoting in 
extenso : 


" The first anniversary of the formation of the Cape Corps was celebrated in 
Morogoro on October the 2ist last by the holding of sports. Amongst many 
well-contested events, the blind boxing proved most popular and caused roars 
of laughter. 

The tug-of-war was a splendid item, a battle royal between the company 
teams ending in " D " Company coming out as the winner. 

An adjournment was made about 12 noon and the visitors were thus given 
an opportunity to look round. The discipline maintained everywhere was the 
subject of remark. Musical items were supplied by two talented members of 
the Corps and the old-time clown caused a deal of fun with his ready wit and 
lively antics. 

A spread for the men and visitors, laid out on the ground, consisted of 
cakes, jam tarts and tea not forgetting the Q.M.S.'s water bottle, which was 
passed to the visitors for inspection. After all wants had been attended to, the 
visitors selected a shady spot for a siesta.' 

About 2 p.m. the sports was continued. Amongst the items for the afternoon 
were guard mounting by squads, drill by squads, and best-dressed N.C.O. It 
was certainly an eye-opener to the visitors. The squads marched on to the 
grounds with the perfect bearing of soldiers and their movements were as laid 
down in the drill book. 

In the guard mounting the winning squad was " D " Company "A" Team, 
and the best drilled squad was " D " Company. The competition was so keenly 
contested that the judge found it necessarj' to request extra movements to decide 
the winners. 

The best-dressed N.C.O. was another tough problem for the judge's 
attention, and he spoke in the highest terms of praise of Sergt. -Major Forsyth 
and his staff for the manner in which they had paid every attention to detail. 
The porters' race was keenly contested, a good number taking part. A new 
feature of those sports was the scramble for coins and cigarettes. Last, but not 
least, was the Maxim gun competition, in which No. 2 Gun Team were 
hopelessly outclassed. It was quite apparent that they were young hands at 
the game. 

The final brought forth the Q.M.S.'s water bottle again, which everyone 
duly appreciated, including the R.S.M. of the Flying Corps. 

Another feed of jam tarts and other luxuries, then a tramp back to camp, 
and to duty, and a thoroughly enjoyable day's outing had drawn itself to a 
close, leaving in our minds the realisation that the white man's burden rested 
no longer wholly on his shoulders, that those for whom the burden had been 
borne were already taking their share of the weight. 



The following is the list of events with results : 

75 Yards Flat .Sergeant Hutchinsou (310). 

Reveille Race Private Jooste (1259). 

Guard Mounting "A" Team ("D" Company). 

Passing the Order Race Signallers (Headquarters). 

Hi -n Concealed Sniper 1'rivate Le Grange (473i.. 

Rifle Exercises "D" Company. 

Long Jump Corporal Adams (48). 

Sack Race Corporal Adams (48). 

Putting the Shot Corporal Adams (48). 

liest Turned (Jut X C.o. under rank of Sergeant... Corporal 1'ereyrino (1413). 

Apple and Bucket Race 1'rivau Cornelius (So). 

Blindfold Boxing I"rivate Fredericks (986) and L.-Corp. Bredekamp 


Machine Guns into Action Corporal Allison's (647) Team. 

Tufi-of-War "D" Company. 

Captain J. E. Dennison acted as a capable honorary secretary to the Sports 

The al fresco ' ' smoker ' ' with which the Cape Corps concluded their 
anniversary celebrations on Saturda}-, the aist October, was excellent ; and 
those of us who were privileged to be there thoroughly enjoyed the evening. 

Lieut. -Colonel Morris took the chair and the audience basked in the sunshine 
of his cheery good fellowship. 

Lieutenant Edwards presided at the piano. We don't know if his perform- 
ance was really worth writing home about, but to us the skill and sympathy with 
which he accompanied singers of all sorts through their meanderings, seemed 
amazing. With a wriggle of the body, a twisting of the neck and a bending 
forward of the head, he will change from the sublime to the ridiculous. He 
provokes tears and drys them up with laughter. Q.M.S. Sasse did not belie his 
great reputation. His versatility is remarkable. He is a musician, a conjurer, 
a mimic, a ventriloquist, a magician. No wonder the "Jumbo" suspected 
witchcraft when rupees were culled from the tail of his shirt. Sasse is a wizard. 
C.S.M. Calvert has a good refined voice. His parodies were priceless. Private 
Joseph's sack dance " Vas Traap," or whatever the name of the folk dance is, 
was greatly appreciated. " Aas Koek " and other cries of satisfaction, encourage- 
ment, and delight greeted his efforts. What a treat the girls would have had. 

Sergeant Wilkinson is a finished artist. We should have liked to have 
heard more of him. He outWeldoned Weldon in his rendering of " P.C. 49." 
Private Thomas rolled quietly on to the platform and after a moment's hesitation 
gave vent to a great bellow. When we had recovered from our fright, we began 
to listen and to watch him. No hall could contain him. He is too boisterous. 
In the open his thunder and lightning efforts are good. He gets his effect by 
brute force, without, however, the usual concomitant.. Like the milkmaid in 
the song, his face is undoubtedly his fortune. That kind of fortune avails one 
very little though on active service, and no doubt he welcomed the special prize 
awarded him by Lieut. -Colonel Morris for the best turn of the evening." 

On Easter Monday, 1917, a garrison sports meeting was held at Morogoro in 
which two or three officers and several men competed. Second Lieutenant A. N. 
Difford, from scratch, won the open 100 yards. 

After our return from East Africa at the end of 1917 the men who were 
located in the convalescent camp at Jacobs, near Durban, for a few weeks played 
a couple of games of cricket against the local coloured teams, and at Kimberley 
in March, 1918, officers and men found very occasional opportunity for cricket 
and lawn tennis. 

On arrival in Egypt, during our first month spent at Kantara on the Suez 
Canal, cricket and football once a week relieved the routine of intensive training. 
Kantara was at that time a very big Base camp and boasted a splendid sports 
ground, with pavilion, tennis courts, and ample room for cricket and football. 

On May isth, 1918, our officers beat the Yeomanry Depot at cricket by 97 
runs. Captain Tandy was in great form with bat and ball. 




After we had lost three wickets for 20 (all scored by Gordon White), Tandy 
and Pearse added 147 in about an hour Tandy hit 3 sixes and 9 fours and 
Pearse a six and eight fours. 

The full scores were : 


Capt. D. K. Pearse, c Chorley, b Morgan ... 67 

I.ieut. A. N. Difford, c & b Chorley o 

Lieut. S. H. Rose-Innes, b Chorley o 

Lieut. G. C. White, st Taylor, b Chorley ... 20 

Capt. J. H. Tandy, c Paige, b Belshaw ... 82 

Capt. I. D Difford, b Chorley 13 

Lieut. M. S. Davies, b Chorley 2 

Capt. J. M. Michau, c & b Chorley i 

I.ieut. D. Botha, b Paige 14 

Lt. -Colonel C. N. Hoy, not out 16 

T.irut. S. V Samuelsoll, c EarU-, b Morgan 9 

Extras o 

Total --M 


i.icut. Morgan, c Tandy, b White 54 

PU:. Chorley, c & b Samuelson 13 

Lieut. Adamson, run out j 

I.irut. Broadbridge, b Samuelson 7 

I.ieut. Evans, c Pearse, b Tandy 2 

I.ieut. Paige, b Tandy 9 

2nd Lieut. Belshaw, b Tandy 3 

Strgt. Taylor, b White . . . 22 

PI.. Smith, b White o 

L.-Corpl. Earle, c & b Tandy n 

I.ieut. Crcery, not out o 

Kxtras i 

Total 127 


For the Yeomanry Depot Chorley took <> wickets for bo runs, Morgan i for 46, Paige i for 17, and 
Belshaw i for 27. Smith, Earle and Creery also bowled and had 19, 23 and 32 runs scored off them but 
took no wicket. 

For the Cape Corps Tandy took 4 wickets for 43 runs, White 3 for n, and Samuelson 2 for 33 
Pearse also bowled and had 40 runs scored off him but took no wieket. 

During our period of training at El Arish (May 22iid to July i4th, 1918) 
time was found for one or two games of cricket and an all-day sports meeting on 
June ist to celebrate Union Day (May 3ist). The nursing sisters and practically 
all the officers and men of other units in the area were our guests that day and 
expressed themselves as entirely satisfied with a very enjoyable day. 

Captain Difford was chairman of the Sports Committee and Lieutenants 
Colson and Girdwood laid out the sports ground to everyone's satisfaction. 

The events and results were : 

Event i. GUARD MOUNTING (Teams of 7.. FINAL. 

Sergeant Wilkinson, D. (1253). 
Private Koopman, F. .12414) 
Private Sheldon, E. (967). 
Private Lawrence, C. (756). 
Private Whiteman, !' (1968). 
Private Matawana, P. (400). 
Private Basson, J. N. (3438). All "B" Company. 

Event 2. 100 YARDS FLAT RACE. 
Heat i. i, C.S.M. Hutchinson, K. (310), "C" Co. 

2, Pte. Carelse, C. (688), Maxims. 
Heat 2. i, Pte. November, P. (1555), "C" Co. 

2, Pte. Damons, j. (3593), Maxims. 
Heat 3. i, L.-Corpl. Kitz, J. (314.1), "C" Co. 
2, Sergt. Adams, A. (48), " B " Co. 

1, C.S.M. Hutchinson, K. 

2, Pte. Carelse, C. 

3, Pte. November, P. 

Event 3 SACK RACE. 
Heat i. i, Pte. Meas (4012), "A" Co. 

2, Pte. Carstens (2739), "A" Co. 

3, Pte. Dyasoii, K. (662) Headquarters. 
Heat 2. i, L.-Corpl. Isaacs, J. (3126), " C " Co. 

2, Pte. Wolhuter, G. (1103), Headqrtrs. 

3, Pte. Deers, A. (3189), "A" Co. 
Heat 3. i, Pte. Fredericks, A. 3250), "A" Co. 


1, Pte. Fredericks, A. 

2, L.-Corpl. Isaacs, J. 


1, Pte. Davids (3823) and Pte. Seibritz 2918), " C " 


2, Pte. Oliver (1685) and Pte. Cottle (4383) "A" Co. 

Event 5. LONG JUMP. 

1, L.-Corpl. May, F. (3416), " H" Co., 15 ft. 4 ins. 

2, L.-Corpl. Fitz, J. (3143), " C " Co.. 14 fl. 7 ins. 

3, L.-Corpl. Miutoor, D. (807), " B " Co. 

Event 6. 220 YARDS FLAT RACE. 
Heat i. i, Pte. Carelse, C. (688), Maxims. 

j, I ,-Corpl. Fitz, J. (3143), "C" Co. 
Heat 2. i, Pte. Damons, J. (3593), Maxims. 

a, Pte. May (3416), " D " Co. 
Heat 3. i, Pte. November, P. (1555), " C " Co. 

2, Pte. Franz (3665), Maxims. 

1, Pte. Carelse, C. 

2, Pte. November, P. 

Event 7. MULE RACE. 

1, L.-Corpl. Thimms, E. (3713), "D" 

2, Pte. Bailey, D. (3456), "A" Co. 

Event 8. HIGH JUMP. 

1, L.-Corpl. Fitz, J. (3141). "C" Co., 4 ft. n ins. 

2, Pte. Carstens (2739), "A" Co., 4 ft. 9 ins. 

3, Corpl. Arendse, I. W. (607), Maxims, 4 ft. 7 ins. 

Event 9. POTATO RACE. 

1, Pte. Sheldon, E. (1010), "D" Co. 

2, Pte. Campher, B. (3278), "A" Co. 

3, L.-Corpl. May, F. (3416), "B" Co. 

Event io. BOMB THROWING (Long Distance). 

1, Pte. Kerspey, A. (1306), " B " Co. 

2, Pte. Harridine, L. (2764), "C" Co. 

3, Pte. Damons, J. (3593), Maxims. 

Event ii. BOMB THROWING (Accuracy). 
(Teams of four from each company.) 

1, Headquarters Ptes. Williams, F. (719), Ward, 

P. (1249), Turner, J. (2328), and 

2, Machine Gunners Corpls. Arendse, I. W. (607), 

Armstrong, J. (1303), Strydom (311), and Pte. 
Herring, G. (3529). 

Event 12 OFFICERS' RELAY RACE, 225 Yards. 
(Each competitor to run 75 yards.) 

1, Machine Gunners Lieuts. D. F. Botha, M. S. 

Davies, and E. W. Templer. 

2, Headquarters Capt. J. H. Tandy (Adjt.), Capt. 

A. Earp Jones (Chaplain), and Lieut. A. 
Hayton (Lewis gun officer). 
(Teams of four.) 

1, " C " Company C.S.M. Hutchinson (310). 
L.-Corpls. Fitz, J. (3143), Isaacs, J. (3126), and 
Pte. November, P. (1555). 

2, "A" Company Ptes. Aries (2107), Carstens, V. 

(2739), Wanza, A. (708), and Isaacs, J. (1920). 

Event 14. TUG-OF-WAR. 

(Teams of eight from each company.) 

i, Headquarters Sergts. February, S. (1357), De 



Vos, A. P. (1072), Ptes. Attwell, H. (3414), Event ij. CAMEL RACE, 880 Yards. 

April, S. (3843), Bailey, C. (1373), Henry, E. i, Zubidar, Camel Scout Corps. 

(2834), Sharpley, P. H. (1892), and Ward, P. 2 _ jamidar, Camel Scout Corps. 

(1249)- 3, Zheak, Camel Scout Corps. 
2, " C " Company Sergts. Thomas, M. (366), 

Scullard, J. (1363), Ptes. Misselbrook (2582), Event 18. MULE RACE. 

Moses, W. (3S9), Smith, C. (3017), Haradien, (Special prize presented by I.t. -Colonel C. N Hoy, 

I,. (2764), Phillips, P. (4340), Watson R. (n). D.S.O.) 

Event 15. BOOT RACE. ', Pte. Marthinus, H. (1631), Headquarters. 

1, Pte. May, W. (914), " B" Co. 2 - Meyer, H. (476) ' B " Co. 

2, Pte. Malgas, A (3303), " A " Co. 3, Corpl. Group, J. (1087), " D " Co. 

Event 16. V.C. RACE. Event 19. VISITORS' RACE 

1, Ptc Jonathan, J. (3834), "C" Co. First and second places were taken by men of 

2, Pte. Ward, P. (1249), Headquarters. the 204th Calcutta Battery. 

In June we played the British West India team at cricket. Our eleven included six Currie Cup 
players, of whom two were also Internationals, but on a very dangerous wicket we were beaten by 13 runs, 
our opponents were a good side and had won several matches. We were very much out of practice. 
The scores were : 

British West India Rent. ... 86 

ist Cape Corps ... ... ... ... 73 

For us Captain Ivor pifford and Lieutenant Gordon White scored 20 apiece and Lieutenant S. V. 
Samuelson, M.C., took 7 wickets for 40 runs. 

On October 2ist, 1918, in Palestine, the third anniversary of the Battalion's mobilisation was celebrated 
by an all-day sports meeting at Ramleh, near Jerusalem. 

Another very successful day may be recorded, and the visitors from our Brigade and Division were 

The events open to officers and men of other units of the Brigade attracted very good entries. 
After the Armistice, when the Battalion were located at Mustapha, near Alexandria, from ist 
November, 1918, to isth July, 1919, officers and men found ample time to indulge in athletics and games 
to the top of their bent, except during the six or seven weeks when the local unrest and disturbances 
occupied all our time and attention. 

On November 2oth, 1918, the Battalion Rugby fifteen drew with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers after a 
very keen game in which there was no score. 

On November 22nd our Signallers beat the Royal Welsh Fusiliers Drummers at Soccer by 4 goals 
On December 3rd our " C " Company were beaten at Soccer by " C " Company Royal Welsh Fusiliers 
by 2 goals to i. 

On December igth teams picked respectively from Western Province and Griquland West men of the 
Battalion played a very keen Rugby match in which inter-centre rivalry was intense. The Westerns 
won by 3 points to nil. 

On December 2Sth a Soccer match between Officers and Sergeants resulted in a draw, i goal all. 
On Boxing Day a Battalion sports meeting took place at Mustapha. A good programme and music by 
the Divisional Band was much enioyed by all ranks and by a number of visitors 
The results were : 

100 yards. I.. -Corporal Bethanie (3778), "C" Company. 
220 yards. L. -Corporal Hopley (5160), "A" Company. 
440 yards. Private Abrahams, "A" Company. 
One mile. Private Clark (3443), Transport. 
Long jump. Private Kay (2154), Provost (Headquarters) 
High jump Corporal Fitz (3143), " C " Company. 
Tug-of-War. "A" Company. 

Officers' 100 yards (handicap). Captain W. P. Anderson. 
Officers' Relay Race." B " Company. 

On January 2nd, 1914, the R.F.A. beat a Battalion team (officers and men) at Soccer by two goals to- 
one after a very keen struggle. 

The same evening our Concert Party, trained by Captain Edwards and I. .-Corporal Oram of the 
" Welsh Rabbits " Concert Party (R.W.F.), and known as the " Peach Blossoms," gave their initial 

Major-r.imral Mott and Brig. -General Borthwick and several of their Staff Officers were present, also a 
number of nurses. 

The programme was very much appreciated by a crowded house. 

Second Lieutenant Lambe and Corporals Frost and Martin were very good, also Sergeant Yon as a 
female impersonator. 

The Concert Party gave several concerts during the next few months in Alexandria and in various 

During the period December 25th to January sth a series of inter-company competitions were held in 
drill and other military exercises and events. The results were : 

Best turned out Lewis gun section. "B" Company Lewis Gun Section. 

Lewis gun stripping and assembling (blindfold). Private Lawrence (756), "B" Company. 
Best turned put Man. i, Private Sampie (584), "A" Company; 2, Privates Hogart (3064), "A" Company, 
and Carrie (3646), " C " Company; 3, Privates Klink (3431), " B " Company, and Matthys (3335), " B " 
Best turned out Squad. i, No. 7, Platoon, "B" Company; 2, No. 3 Platoon, "A" Company; 3, No. 13 

Platoon, " D " Company. 

Regimental Cable-laying Competition (teams of 4). " C " Company. 

Squad Drill Competition (teams of i Sergeant and 20 men). No. 16 Platoon, Sergeant Drury, H. (1703). 
' >n January 12, Machine Gunners beat Signallers at Soccer, one goal to nil. 

< m January 15, Machine Gunners and Signallers beat Rest of the Battalion at Soccer by three goals 
to nil. 

On January 19, a return Soccer Match between Officers and Sergeants was won by the former by 
4 goals to 2. 

On January 24, a Soccer Match between our Officers and those of the 2ist Punjabis resulted in a 
victory for us by three goals to nil. 

on January 25, a Squad Drill Competition (one Sergeant and twenty men) resulted as follows: 

1. " C " Company Squad, Sergeant Augustus (204). 

2. " B " Company Squad, Sergeant Wilkinson (1253). 

3. "D" Company Squad, Sergeant Drury (1703). 



As the rc-sult of the i6otll Brigade Assault at Arms Eliminatillj; CiniitK-titiiuis the Battalion rcprcs.-utrcl 
the Brigade at the Divisional Assualt at Arms (held 28th January) in the following Competitions, viz. : 

Best turned out Squad. Nos. 3 " C " Company and 13 " D " Company I'latoons. 

Squad Arms Drill. No. 10 Platoon " C " Company, and No. 5 Platoon " B " Company. 

Bivouac and Alarm Race. No. 13 Platoon " D " Company. 

Best turned out Lewis Gun Team. The Lewis Gun Section of No. 5 Platoon. 

Lewis Gun In nnd Out of Action. The Lewis Gun Section of No. 4 Platoon. 

Tug-of-War. " A " Company Team. 

Our representatives did very well, taking the following prizes, viz. : 

Bayonet Fighting. 2, " D " Company; 3, " B " Company. 

Arms Drill. i, No. 10 Platoon " C " Company, Sergeant Augustus' Squad (204) ; 2, No 5 Platoon 
"B" Company. Scrucant Wilkinson's (1253) Squad 

Best Dressed Squad. 2, Composite (M.G.) Company. 

Best turned out man. 2, Private Sample (584). 

Wrestling on Mules. ist Prize. 

Obstacle Race. 2, L.-Corpl. Hopley (5160) " A " Company. 

Lewis Gun Stripping. 2, Private Lawrence, C. (756), " B " Company. 

Lewis Gun In and Out of Action. 2, No. 4 Platoon " A " Company. 

Best turned out Lewis Gun. 2, No. 5 Platoon " B " Company. 

Officers Tent Pegging. 2, Lieutenant W. Wigman. 

Officers Musical Chairs (Mounted). i, Lieutenant E. P. Stubbs, M.C. 

Best turned out L.G.S. Wagon. 4, ist Cape Corps. 

Our Brigade (i6oth) earned most points at the above Assualt At Arms and took ist (Brigade) Prize. 

Owing to some misunderstanding our Other Ranks did not compete at the Divisional Athletic 
meeting, but Second-Lieutenant M. S. navies did so successfully. He won the 440 yards race and was 
placed 2nd in the 100 yards. 

On tin' iSth February at Rond Point the Battalion beat the R.E. at Rugby Football by eight points 
to nil. 

On February 22nd, in a Military Race Meeting held at the Sporting Club, Alexandria, Lieutenant 
G. Horseman, on Desert Queen, was placed second in a mile and a half race. 

In the Steeplechase, Lieutenant Gibson had a nasty fall which fortunately was not as serious as 
it appeared to be. 

On March 3rd, in the final tie of the Inter-Company Rugby Football Competition played at Rond 
Point, " A " Company beat " B " Company by eight points to six after a very keen match in which 
Sergeants Jansen and Fredericks were injured. 

On March roth another Battalion siwrts meeting took place at Mustapha, of which the results are 

appended : 
i, Pte. Bailey, 

i, Ite. Bailey, 

(3180), " A " Co. 

T. (3180), " A " Co. 


1, L.-Corpl. Hopley, J. (5160), " A " Co 

2, L.-Corpl. Bethanie (3778), "C" Co. 

3, Corpl. Sasse (3772), "A" Co. 

Winning Team, " A " Co. 


1, L.-Corpl. Hopley, J. (5160), " A " Co. 

2, Corpl. Sasse (3772), " A " Co. 

3, L.-Corpl. Bethanie (3778), " C " Co. 

i, Pte. Klassen (3353), "A" Co. 

i, Pte. Bailey, T. (3180), " A " Co. 


1, " A " Company. 

2, " B " Company. 


1, L.-Corpl. Hopley, J. (5160), " A " Co. 

2, Corpl. Sasse (3772), "A" Co. 

3, Pte. Frazenberg (4714), "B" Co. 


1, Pte. Johnston (2246), "B" Co. 

2, Pte. Frazenberg (4714), "B" Co 

3, Pte. Jaftha (725), " A " Co. 


1, Pte. Abrahams (1161), "B" Co. 

2, Pte. Engelbracht (762), "B" Co. 


1, Sgt. Adams (48), "B" Co. 

2, Pte. Visasie (4525), " C " Co. 

3, Sgt. Carelse, D.C.M. (688), Composite Co. 


1, Pte. Clarke (3443), "B" Co. 

2, Pte. Jansen (2798), Composite Co 

3, Pte. Erasmus (3953), "C" Co. 

i Pte. Siebritz (2918), "C" Co. and 
Pte. Davids (3823), "C" Co. 


1, Sgt. Fitz (3143), " C " Co. 

2, Corpl. Mcl.ear (1486), Composite Co 


1, Pte. Arendolph (2-,8O. " C " Co. 

2, Pte. Less (3915), "P" Co- 

I, Pte. Martinus (id;i), " D " Co. 


1, Sgt. Drury (1703), " D " Co. 

2, Ss;t. Fitz (3143), " C " Co. 

I, Lieut. M. S. Davics, Composite Co 

i, Composite Company. 

VETERAN RACE (over 35 years). 

1, Sgt. Samuels (504), Composite Co. 

2, Pte Kay (2154), "A" Co. 

i. Composite Company. 

i, Sgt. February, S. (1357), Headquarters. 

Cricket commenced on April 9th with a match ncrainst the Stationery Depot, at Mustapha, who 
won by 6 runs. 

On April loth the Battalion Officers, assisted by S M. Hendericks, A. J., Sergeant Alies, J. H., nnd 
Corporal Fredericks, H. J., easily beat the Alexandria C.C. 
Scores : 

ist Cape Corps 

(Second-Lieutenant Lambe, 96.) 
Alexandria C.C. 

On April 24th we easily beat 3rd Echelon, Alexandria. 
Scores : 

ist Cape Corps 

(Captain D. K. Pearse 130.) 
3rd Echelon ... ... ... ... ... gt 

Lieutenant S. V. Samuelson took 6 wickets for 33 runs, and Captain Tandy 4 for 52 Our fielding 
in this match was very good. 


137 and So for 8 Wickets. 

253 for 5 Wickets, declared 


D . 


o < 

^ o 
i. 'f. 

5 ' 

s ; : 





On April^ 27th, at Komi Point, the isSth Brigade Headquarters were no match for us. 

I58th Brigade Headquarters ... ,. 

ist Cape Corps ", for wickets 

(Lieutenant S. V. Samuelsoii took 7 wickets for q runs ) 

on til,- some day Lieutenant M. S. Davies won the Singles Lawn Tennis Championship of Alexandria 
beating the local Champion for six years, M. Zerlindi. 

On May ist a Divisional Cricket Championship commenced; not more than three Officers were allowed 
to play for any of the competing teams. 

We lost our first match to i58th Brigade Headquarters. Scores : 

J5Slh Brigade Headquarters ... ... ,,, 

ist Cape Corps ... ... ... 26 

A narrow Mat ami had wicket was responsible for the low scoring. 

In our second match on May 6th we beat 266th Battery, R F \ by 155 runs to 61 

For us, Private tottering (699) scored a. good 49, and Sergeant Alies took 6 wickets for 24 runs 

On .May sih our officers beat Alexandria District Officers. 

Scores : 

ist Cape Corps ... ... ... ... , j^ 

(Lieutenant Davies, 53; Captain Pearse, 44; and Lieutenant Reunert, 32) 
Alexandria District Officers ... ... ... m and 101 

<mr lidding was very good. 

On May 3rd, in our next Divisional Championship Game, we easily routed the Divisional Train 

Scores : 

ist Cape Corps 253 for 4 wickets. 

(Sergeant Alies, 97; Second-Lieutenant Adamson, 90.) 
Divisional Train ... ... ... ... 2 ; and 31 

Sergeant Alies captured 12 wickets for 29 runs and Corporal Fredericks s for q runs 

On May l6th, at the Alexandria Club Ground, " South Africa " beat " England " very easily 

Scon- : 

" South Africa " ... ... ... ... ... 348 

" England " Si an d gs for 6 wickets. 

In this match Captain Pearse, 57; Lieutenant Davies, 31; Second-Lieutenant Adamson, 29; and Sergeant 
Alies, 26; of ours did well with bat, and Captain Pearse took 5 wickets for 15 runs and Lieutenant 
Samutlson 4 wickets for 37. 

<>n May igth, in the Semi-Final of the Divisional Championship, we carried too many guns for the 
th Brigade Headquarters. 
Scores : 

ist Cape Corps ... ... ... ... ... 190 

(Sergeant Alies, 65; Sergeant S. Fredericks, 29; Private De Kock, 20.) 
i.sSth Brigade Headquarters ... ... ... ... ^ 

(Sergeant Alies took 6 wickets for 15 runs and Private Damons (noo) 3 for i run.) 
On May 22nd, in a return match between " South Africa " and " England " on the Alexandria 
Sporting Club's Ground, the scores were : 

"South Africa" ... ... ... ... 265 for 7 wickets declared. 

"England" ... ... ... 261 for 6 wickets. 

England \vere allowed an extension of 15 minutes to score 25 runs but did not quite succeed. 
For S.A., Captain Pearse scored 86 and Lieutenant Davies in. 

For England, Lieutenant Gold scored 66; Captain Biss, 52 not out; Corporal Cook, 37; Major Dryland, 
33; and Corporal V. C. W. Jupp (Sussex), 30. 

South Africa's fielding was unusually faulty. 

On May 23rd, in the final of the Divisional Championship, ist Cape Corps beat 436 Company R-E- 
by 27 runs : 122 to 95. 

For us S.M. Hendericks scored 2-; Sergeant Fredericks, 25; and Sergeant Alies, 17. The last-named 
took ; wickets for 49, and Conxm-il Fredericks 4 for 28. 

< >ii May 26th our Team, which had just won the above match, visited our detachment at Teh-El-Barud 
and were beaten by 6 runs. 

On June icth and nth Alexandria beat Cairo, at Cairo, by an innings and 5 runs. 
Alexandria ... ... ... ... ... ... 319 

Cairo ... ... ... ... ... 140 and 174 

For Alexandria, Captain Pearse scored 74 and Lieutenant Davies 62. The former also took 3 wickets 
for 17 runs in Cairo's first innings, and the latter 4 for 22 and 3 for 18. 

"n June 24th the 2ml Australian M C. Squadron beat ist Cape Corps Officers by 8 wickets. 
Scores : 

Australian-- ... ... . ... ... 190 and 51 for 2 wickets. 

ist Cape Corps Officers ... ... ... ... ... 83 and 155 

For us Second-Lieutenant Hirsch scored 26 and 52 and Second-Lieutenant Adamson n and 40. 
The next day in a return match we took an ample revenge, winning by an innings and 121 runs. 
We scored 347 ('uU-unnt Davies, yq; Lieutenant Max Davison, 86; and Sergeant Alies, 45). 
The Australians scored qg and 127. In their first innings Lieutenant Davies took 7 wickets for 49 
runs, and Lieutenant Samuelson i for 28. 

On June 27th a Cape Corps eleven vanquished the 54th Division Signallers by an innings and 54 runs. 
Scores : 

ist Cape Corps ... ... ... .* 109 for 4 wickets, declared. 

(Sergeant Alies, 45; Corporal Fredericks, 30 not out.) 

Our opponents found the bowling of C.Q.M.8. Reagon and S/Sergeant Cairns, M.M., too much for 
them and could only manage totals of 37 and 18. 

On July 3rd an Inter-Company Cricket Competition commenced. (Teams to consist of one "rtirtr 
and ten other ranks). 

This competition commenced .-it Mustapha and was concluded after arrival of the Battalion at Suez, 
having extended over three weeks 
The results, in brief, were : 

Headquarters (152) beat " C " Company (68). 
Composite Company (81) beat " C " Company (61). 
Headquarters dor for 4 wickets) beat " B " Company (25). 
Composite Company (78 for 6) beat "A" Company (51). 
Headquarters beat Composite Company by 6 wickets. 
" A " Company (88) beat " B " Company (54). 
" C " Company (81) beat " B " Company (31). 
"A" Company (123) beat "C" Company (99). 
Headquarters (39 for 4) beat " A " Company (34) by 6 wickets. 



This match decided the Competition in favour of Headquarters who beat all four Company Teams. 

Each member of the winning team received an engraved Cigarette Case. 

On July nth, at Alexandria, Sergeant Alies and Corporal Fredericks, 31. M. were selected to play 
for the 3rd Echelon vs. Zeitonn School of Instruction. The match was won b"y the former. 

On July igth the Battalion met the Staff of the British Transit Camp at Suez. This was one more 
soft thing for the ist Cape Corps who scored 190 for 6 wickets and then outed their opponents for 
76. Four of the latter were run out by our men's smart fielding. 

Second-Lieutenant Adamson scored 52; Sergeant Alies, 48; C.S.M. Hendericks, 45; and Private Luiters, 
33. The first two named also bowled well. 

On July 2^rd the Somerset Light Infantry proved no match for the Battalion. We scored 185 for 
7 wickets (Lieutenant Davits, 74; Lieutenant Rose-Innes, 38; Second-Lieutenant Adamson, 32). The 
Somersets could do no better than 57 all out. 

On July 3ist a return match between the Battalion (Divisional Championship Team) and our Teh- 
El-Barud Detachment Team took place. 

The Divisional Champions took an ample revenge for their narrow defeat at Teh-El-Barud on May 26th, 
the scores being : 

Divisional Champions ... ... ... ... ... 136 

Detachment ... ... ... ... ... ^ ... 41 

For the former Sergeant Alies and Corporal Fredericks, 31. M., oncW more came off with bat and ball, 
Alies getting 36 runs and 6 wickets for 9 runs, and Fredericks 21 runs and 4 wickets for 30. 

On August ist our last Cricket match in Egypt gave us another win over the Somerset Light Infantry, 
this time by 42 runs on tin ist innings. 


ist Cape Corps ... ... ... ... ... ... 129 

Somerset Light Infantry ... ... ... ... 87 

Private De Kock with 28 was our highest scorer. Lieutenant Davics had 5 wickets for 20, Lieutenant 
Samuelson 2 for 33 and Sergeant Alies 2 for 12. 

The Somerset Light Infantry scored 144 in their second knock in which Sergeant Alies had 4 
wickets for 36 runs. 

On August ist an inter-company drill competition took place at Suez. This was very keenly contested 
as the winning company were promised that they should lead the Battalion in the final marches at 
Durban and Cape Town prior to demobilisation. 

" C " Company were adjudged the winners, but there were many good judges amongst the lookers on 
who would have given a different verdict. 

Whilst on signal instruction course at Zeitoun (Cairo) in October, 1918, at the annual assault-at-arms. 
Sergeant Alies and three Australians won first prize in the visual signalling relay race (teams of four) ; 
each man received a prize of an engraved bronze medal. 

Sergeant Alies was also one of a winning team of four in a team relay race (drill order), teams to 
consist of one officer, one instructor, and two students. 

The race was won by the signal wing, and the prizes were a silver cup to the team and an engraved 
silver medal to each individual. 

Prior to the Armistice officers and men at the Depot had certainly no more, if anything less, time to 
devote to games and sport than the Battalion. 

After the cessation of hostilities, however, everyone had plenty cf leisure for football and athletics. 

On October 2ist, 1918, the third anniversary of the mobilisation of the Battalion was celebrated by a 
most successful all-day sports meeting. The sports were attended by practically every officer, man, and 
nursing sister in the area, and a most enjoyable day was spent by all ranks. The results are appended : 


ON MONDAY, 2ist OCTOBER, 1918. 


1, Sgt. Bredenkamp (979). 

2, Sgt. Meyer (1064). 

Event 2. 100 YARDS (HEATS). 
Heat i. i, Pte. Abrahams (5008) 

2, Pte. Lakey (4420). 
Heat 2. i, Pte. Swartz (4440). 

2, Pte. Petersen (4228) 
Heat 3. i, Pte. Keet (2866). 

2, Pte. Benjamin (4651) 
Heat 4. i, Pte. Gosling (3214). 

a, Pte. Abrahams (5007) 
Heat 5. i, Sgt. Parkins (3179). 

2, Pte. Wales (5053). 
Heat 6. i, Pte. Hopley (5160). 

2, L.-Corpl. Aspeling (639). 

Heat i. i, Pte. Abrahams (5008). 

2, Pte. Keet (2866). 
Heat 2i, Pte. Hopley (5160). 

2, Sgt. Parkins (3179) 
FIN At. 

1, Sgt. Parkins (3179). 

2, Pte. Hopley (5160). 

3, Pte. Keet (2866). 

(Teams of one N.C.O. and six men.) 

I, Corpl. Fatmaii's Team. Corpl. Fatman (385), 
Pte. Gebers (1233), Pte. Hackett (1276), 
Thomas (419), Downing 1234), Julies (IS92), 
and Pte. Dunbar (2829). 

3, Corpl. Meiring's Team. Corpl. Meiring (1983), 
Pte's. Adams (2203), Nelson (5036), Davids 
(4870). van Deventer (3765), Gosling (3214), and 
van Xiekerk (4422) 

Event 4 BOMB THROWING (Accuracy). 

(Team of four.) 

i, Corpl. Strydom's Team (M.G.C.). Corpl. 
Strydom (311), Pte. Petersen (1243), Pte. Le 
Bruin, 31.31. (1179), and Pte. Petersen (5228) 

Event 5. 440 YARDS (HEATS). 
Heat i. i, Pte. Joshua (4757). 

2, Pte. Addinal (3086). 
Heat 2. i, Pte. Daniels (2273). 

2, Pte. Gosling (3214). 
Heat 3. i, Pte. Keet (2866). 

2, Pte. Batman (3056) 
Heat 4. i, Pte. Louw (4194). 

2, Pte. Lewis (1693). 
Hi at f.i, rte. Wales (5053). 

2, Pte. Johnson (4242) 
Heat 6. i, Sgt. Madella (365). 

2, I'te. Johnson (5307). 

1, Sgt. 3Iadella (365). 

2, Pte. Daniels (2273). 

3, Pte. Wales (5053). 

Event 6. BOMB THROWING (Long Distance). 

1, Corpl. Strydom (311), 47'^ yards. 

2, Sgt. Adonis (2859). 

3, Pte. Langerveldt (3552). 

Event 7. HIGH JUMP 

1, Pte. Smith (4927), 4 feet n inches 

2, Pte. Benjamin (4651). 

3, Pte. Ziervogel (1432). 

I vnii 8. WAGON 'I..G.S.) RACE (150 yds. (open) 
i, Cape Corps Team. liartman (4384), and Smith 


:, 2->4tli Calcutta Kattcry, R.C. A 






On December 26th another all-day sports meeting took place and proved even more successful ami 
enjoyable than the previous one. Unfortunately the results of this meeting were mislaid at the time and 
cannot be given. 

On New Year's Day (1919) an inter-company Marathon race was a great success and caused great 
kcenes., ami enthusiasm. Ten individual cash prizes were given and a seventy-gallon barrel of beer to 
the winning Company. Excluding men on duty and others not available as starters owing to illness, 
etc., there were live hundred and twenty-two men possible starters in the Derot at the time. Of these 
no less than four hundred and eighty-four started and four hundred and forty-four finished. " G lr 
Company won the company prize, and the individual prize winners \\n- : 

1, Private Jinison, J. (1738), "G" Company. 

2, Private Grootboom, G. (4953), " G " Company. 

3, Private Davids, A. (445), " G " Company. 

4, Private Morkel, A. (5297), " F " Company. 

5, Private Europa, J. (5326), " F " Company. 
i , Private Bennett, D. (3091), Headquarters. 
7, Private Oliver, J. (4432), " E " Company 

S, Private Jackson, H. (5267), " E " Company. 
9, Private October, A. (4767), "F" Company. 
10, Corporal Fatman, G. (385), "G" Company. 

During October and November, 1918, two or three athletic meetings took place at the School of 
Instruction at El Arish. At these meeting* several of the Reserve Half Battalion men competed and won 
a number of prizes. 

At the School farewell siKirts meetiiiK after the final classes several men of the Reserve Half Battalion 
distinguished themselves Lance-Corporal Hopley (5160) won the 100 yards and the obstacle race and 

, , 

These were the cause of the keenest rivalry and afforded equal enjoyment to players and onlookers 
The results were :~ 

Winners Rugby 17 Platoon, " E " Company. 

Winners Association 17 Platoon, "E" Company. 

Both teams were captained by Sergeant M. J. Abrahamse (318). 

Ir ; 




Photo by] (J.H.T. 





Event io. REVEILLE RACE (50 Yards). 

1, Pte Le Brun, M.M. (1179). 

2, Sgt. Bredenkanap (979). 

3, Pte. Vester (4026). 

Event ii. LONG JUMP. 

1, Pte. Sturman (5273), 14 ft. 9 in. 

2, Sgt. Thompson (1826). 

3, Sgt. Carelse (916). 

Event 12. OBSTACLE RACE (250 Yards). 

1, Pte. Nell (3368). 

2, Pte. Melkers (4950). 

3, Sgt. Carelse (916). 

(3 Furlongs, Open.) 

1, Major Neave, 204th Calcutta Battery, R.G.A. 

2, Lieut. Wallis, M.C., M.G.C. ist Cape Corps. 

(Vickers vs. Lewis.) 

1, Lewis Guns (Officer i/c., Lieut. Hayton). 

2, Vickers Guns (Officer i/c., Lieut. Moin). 

Event 15. POTATO RACE. 

1, Sgt. Bredenkamp (979). 

2, Sgt. Koetenberg (5178). 

3, L.-Corpl. Aspeling (639). 

Event 16. CAMEL RACE (Open). 

1, L.-Corpl. Ismail Mabrouk, Imp. Camel Corps. 

2, Pte. Jadisit Gheyer, Imp. Camel Corps. 

3, L.-Corpl. Hassim Ferad Ali, Imp. Camel Corps. 



(Open) (Sisters and Officers.) 

1, Sister Davis and Lieut. Botha 

2, Sister Clark and Lieut. Moin. 

Even{ 18. RELAY RACE (880 Yards Teams of 4) 
i. Set. Koetenberg's Team. Sgt. Koetenberg 

(5178), L.-Corpl. Aspeling (639), Pte November 

(1555), Pte. Hopley (5160). 

2, Sgt. Carelse's Team. Set. Carelse (916), Sgt. 
Hendricks (4061), Sgt. Daniels (321), Sgt. 
Adams (5182). 

(3 Furlongs Open.) 

1, Driver Cook, 204th Calcutta Battery, R.O.A. 

2, Pte. Bartman (4384), ist Cape Corps. 


(Officers mounted Sisters dismounted.) 
i, Sister Mansell and Major Neave, 204th Calcutta 
Battery, R.G.A. 


(50 Yards.) 

1, Sister Clark. 

2, Sister Swan. 

3, Sister Patrick. 


1, Lieut. -Col. Synnott, Inniskilling Dragoons. 

2, Major Swan, School of Instruction. 

Event 23. VISITORS' RACE (Open) 100 Yards 

1, L.-Corpl. Hassiin Ferad Ali, Imp. Camel Corps. 

2, Bdr. Wilson, 20,)th Calcutta liattery, R.G.A. 

3, Pte. Hirahim Belal, Imp. Camel Corps. 

Event 24. TUG-OF-WAR (Team of 8). 


Winners : Reinforcements. L.-Cpl. Hankin (4527), 
Pte. Joubert (4981), Pte. Smith (3291), Pte. 
Hendricks (4772), Pte. Daniels (3759), Pte. 
Oliver (5183), Pte. Kamis (5165), Pte. van 
Niekerk (4422); Coach, Sgt. Carelse (916). 

(100 Yards). 

1, Pte. Louw (4194). 

2, Pte Abrahams (4062). 

3, Pte Williams (2196). 

Photo by) [I.D.D. 



Photo by] [I.D.D. 








PRACTICALLY every incident and happening, whether of major or minor 
importance, in the career of the Battalion has been dealt with in the 
foregoing chapters and very little remains to be written by way of " Finis." 


Tribute has already been paid to the splendid work done on behalf of the 
men by the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee, whose headquarters 
were at Cape Town. What was done from October, 1915, to September, 1919, 
certainly deserves the most generous appreciation. 

As soon as there were a couple of hundred men in the Camp at Simonstown 
the need was felt of a responsible body to look after the welfare and comfort 
of the men. 

The meeting of a number of the Corps' well wishers at once resulted in 
the formation of a strong Committee, viz. : Chairman, Mr. H. Hartog ; Vice- 
Chairman, Mrs. N. Wyngard ; Hon. General Secretary, Mr. A. S. Williams ; 
Hon. Treasurer, Mr. H. Hartog ; Committee : Rev. Canon Lavis, Rev. G. 
Robson, Mr. P. Smeda, Mr. P. C. Ryan, Mr. D. Swartz, Mr. R. Hoedemaker, 
Mr. H. J. Gordon, Mr. S. Reagon, Mr. R. W. Wooding, Mr. A. J. Desmore 
fSecretary). Later on Mrs. R. W. Wooding, the Rev. F. M. Gow, and Mr. C. J. 
Carelsc joined this Committee. 

The name " Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee " was decided upon, 
and the purpose of the Committee was to provide comforts of every kind for 
the men and generally to look after their welfare. From the outset the Com- 
mittee received the whole hearted support of public spirited men, led by the 
Mayor of Cape Town (Harry Hands Esq.), and official recognition was at once 
given by the Military Authorities. Operations were commenced on a small 
scale. The Cape Peninsula was canvassed systematically and several branches 
formed therein, and followed very shortly by branches at Stellenbosch, Paarl, 
Wellington, Worcester, etc., etc. 

The first work was to organise a Christmas (1915) entertainment. Gifts 
were received from all parts of the Cape Province and several indefatigable 
members of the Committee went out to Simonstown to entertain the men. 
Shortly afterwards weekly concerts were organised and numbers of willing 
artistes came forward. 


It \vas soon realised that to continue the good work a much larger fund 
would be required than the coloured community could themselves raise. At 
first only local entertainment had been necessary, but drafts would shortly be 
leaving for the front and others would be invalided home, and it would fall to 
the lot of the Committee to send off the former and care for the latter. It 
was then that the South African Gifts and Comforts Organisation came to the 
rescue and affiliated the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee, and from 
then onwards helped them by liberal cash grants. As the work of the 
Committee extended branches came into being throughout the Union. 

After a time Mr. A. J. Desmore left for the front and handed over the 
secretarial duties to Mr. A. S. Williams. 


On December 26th, 1917, a Christmas treat to all children of Coloured 
soldiers took place at the Groot Schuur Estate, Rondebosch. The Mayor of 
Cape Town heartily took the matter up with the result that two thousand 
children had a great time and were well looked after by the lady members of the 
Comforts Committee under the supervision of Mrs. N. Wyngard and Mrs. James 

The treat was repeated the following year at the Rosebank Show Ground, 
and'was a more pronounced success than that of the previous year. The Mayor 
of Cape Town (Air. \V. J. Thorne), the Dean of Cape Town, The Very Rev. 
Dean C. H. Rolt, and Canon S. W. Lavis were present and addressed the children. 

Another matter which the Comforts Committee took up was the payment 
of allotments to dependents. Towards the end of 1917 dissatisfaction arose at 
delays and it was found that the Pay Staff could not possibly deal with matters. 
The Command Paymaster was sympathetic but shorthanded, and on the I7th 
June, 1918, at his request the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Committee 
undertook the work. They carried it out to the entire satisfaction of the 
Command Paymaster, and to the relief of the dependents, who freely expressed 
their delight at the new arrangement. The work was carried on under the 
supervision of Mr. A. S. Williams, assisted by Messrs. W. Willemburg and H. 
Hartog and Mrs. A. F. Dowman, with occasional help from Misses H. and A. 
Williams, Messrs. S. Reagon and C. J. Carelse, the late Mr. H. J. Carelse, and 
later by ex-Sergeant J. H. Alies. In all a sum in excess of >C35ooo passed 
through the hands of the abovenamed workers, and the Command Paymaster 
expressed to them the thanks and appreciation of the General Officer Com- 
manding in South Africa and also added his own very high compliments on 
the manner in which the work was performed. 

The Comforts Committee was also entrusted with the distribution of 
Pension Vouchers to wounded and invalided men and the arrangement worked 
so well that it was extended to ihe Port Elizabeth Comforts Committee as well. 


In addition to the quarterly supply of comforts sent to each Regiment, i.e., 
the ist and 2nd Cape Corps, the Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport and the Cape 
Labour Corps, comforts were also provided for drafts going forward to all of 
them. Each member of a draft going forward received a bag containing tobacco, 
cigarettes, soap, matches, balaclava cap, socks, dried fruit, pencil, hand- 
kerchiefs, housewife, etc. Men in Hospital were provided with comforts 
under medical direction and weekly entertainments were given to men in 
Hospitals. The lady workers of the Comforts Committee from time to time 
visited the Hospitals and distributed such articles as sweets, tobacco, fruits, 



handkerchiefs, as well as liberal supplies of eggs, which latter were sent by 
various branches, by schools and private individuals. Special appeals were 
made to all coloured Schools throughout the Union and the response was very 
satisfactory. The poorer schools made great efforts and their support was 
continuous and liberal, particularly in view of the fact that the majority were 
also contributing to the Red Cross and other patriotic funds. 


At Christmas time, 1917, a special effort realised 1,250 and the following- 
amounts were sent to the Officers Commanding the various Regiments to purchase 
gifts for the men or to distribute in cash. viz. : 

150 to the Cape Coloured Labour Regiment in France. 

3(12 IDS. to the Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Corps in France 

(2s. 6d. per man.). 

250 to the and Cape Corps in Central Africa. 

246 to the ist Cape Corps ; these men were on recuperative leave in 
the Union at the time and the money was distributed to them 
later on in Egypt. 

25 ~s. 6d. to men in local Hospitals and Camps. 

In December, 1918, the following amounts were sent to the Officers Com- 
manding for distribution, viz. : 

.250 to ist Cape Corps in Egypt. 
200 to Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Corps. 
150 to the Cape Coloured Labour Regiment. 

To provide the above substantial amounts the community responded most 
liberally. Of the 1,250 raised at Christmas time (1917] 660 was the result 
of a Bazaar in the City Hall, Cape Town, on November 3rd, 1917. 

In addition to all of the above, Branches and Work Parties all over the 
Union and as far afield as Rhodesia, kept in close touch with the Cape Town 
Committee and constantly forwarded gifts in money and in kind. The splendid 
results achieved were not a little due to the untiring efforts of the Branch 

All the Hospitals where coloured men were patients were visited weekly 
and comforts and delicacies distributed. 

In 1916 the Coloured community were not contributing to the funds as 
liberally as had been hoped. That, however, was probably due to lack of 
thorough organisation, as renewed efforts made in 1917 met with success beyond 
expectation. The Coloured Schools throughout the Union contributed over 
250 in 1917. 

At Christmas time (1917 and 1918) all officers of the Battalion received a 
present of ten shillings, " as a small Christmas gift " from the South African 
Gifts and Comforts Organisation. Though intrinsically small the gift was none 
the less greatly appreciated by every officer, and more welcome than the gift 
was the hearty Christmas greeting which accompanied it. That happy reminder 
that we were in the thoughts of friends far away at home had a stimulating and 
very cheering effect upon us, one and all. 

Of the Branches the heaviest work and the greatest efforts were demanded 
and forthcoming from the Kimberley Branch. Kimberley contributed a large 
number of recruits to the Cape Corps in 1915/1916, and their friends in 
Kimberley were riot slow to realise their responsibilities to those men and made 
great efforts. 

The removal of our Depot and a large number of Hospital patients to 
Kimberley in December, 1917, threw a heavy additional tax upon the resources 



of the small but energetic band of loyal hardworkers of Diamondopolis. There 
were at one time over two thousand Coloured troops in the Depots at Kimberley, 
and nearly a thousand in No. 5 General Hospital. 

The Coloured Community of the City was very small to minister to the 
needs of such a large number of men. They worked nobly, however, and did 
wonderful work. A dinner was given to the inmates of No. 5 General Hospital 
on Christmas Day (1917). Concerts were given and refreshments served on 
the two succeeding days in the Cape Corps and C.A.H.T. Depots. 

St. John's Hall, Clarence Street, was hired and opened as a Rest Room 
and free tea provided every afternoon and free cakes and fruit once or twice 
a week. Writing materials and games also were supplied. Later on a small 
charge had to be made for refreshments. The men in the Hospital were pro- 
vided with cigarettes, matches, and other small comforts. Sporting gear 'was 
purchased and presented to the Depots. Several concerts were given in the 
Camp and men leaving by train were given a hearty send off and a parcel of 
Comforts. All the money spent on the above good work was raised in Kimberley. 
The Coloured Community subscribed liberally and received much support from 
Europeans. 'Of the latter the following who contributed gifts in money or in 
kind and helped in many other ways should be mentioned, viz. : The Directors 
of De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd.; Sir David Harris, K.C.M.G., V.D., 
M.L.A.; The Mayor (Councillor J. Orr, M.B.E.) and Mrs. Orr ; The Deputy 
Mayor and Mrs. Colin Lawrence ; The Rt. Rev. Gore Browne, Bishop of 
Kimberley; Mr. W. Pickering, D.S.O.; Mr. H. E. Clarke, M.B.E.; Mrs. Fynn; 
Mr. J. C. Looney ; Mr. Hyain ; Rev. W. and Mrs. Prescod ; The Very Rev. 
Dean Robson ; The Rev. E. Ramsden ; Mr. J. G. and Mrs. Boyes. Mr. H. E. 
Clarke, M.B.E., who was at one time Secretary to the Kimberley Governor- 
General's Fund Committee, was always a good friend to the Coloured soldier 
when his committee were unable to assist dependents Mr. Clarke personally 
interviewed the Governor-General on the subject with satisfactory results. 

The European Section of the Gifts and Comforts Committee donated 25 
and a piano for the Rest Room. 

Bazaars got up by the Coloured Communities of Kimberley and Beaconsfield 
realised respectively 82 iys. 8d. and 52 as. lod. 

Of the Coloured Community, one of the most indefatigable and unselfish 
workers in the interests of the Cape Corps was Mr. H. J. Tobin. He was first 
Secretary of the Cape Corps Recruiting Committee there and worked like a 
Trojan. When the local executive of the Governor-General's Fund intimated 
that they could not assist dependents of the men, Mr. Tobin, with Mr. J. W. 
Kay, interviewed the Secretary of the Governor-General's Fund in Cape Town 
and succeeded in obtaining that assistance in special cases. Mr. Tobin was a 
member of the Kimberley Executive of the Governor-General's Fund, as repre- 
senting the Coloured man's interests, and did so with much vigour and success. 

He was too old to enlist, but he devoted much time, and is still doing so to 
the sacrifice of his own business, to furthering the legitimate claims of Coloured 
soldiers and to promoting their welfare in every possible way. 

Mr. J. J. Herman nobly supported Mr. Tobin's efforts, especially towards 
the end when the enthusiasm of more lukewarm helpers began to evaporate. 
Mr. Herman did very good work as a member of the Cape Corps Gifts and 
Comforts Committee and as Treasurer of the Welcome Home Committee. 

The Ladies' Committee at Kimberley were as energetic and thorough as 
their menfolk. The late' Mrs. A. Greef, Mrs. K. Mostert, and Mrs. J. J. 
Joshua were especially untiring in their efforts. They were in charge of the 



Coloured Troops Rest House and were hospitality itself. They were always 
at the Station to provide refreshments for men passing through, to welcome 
men arriving, and to speed men leaving. 

Others of the Coloured Community who were always to the fore were : 
Mrs. D. M. Africa, Mr. H. Van Rooyen (Chairman Comforts Committee), 
Messrs. C. J. Van Wyk and M. J. Krull, who in turn undertook the Secretarial 
(Honorary) duties, Mr. Ernest Samuels (Assistant Hon. Secretary), the late Mr. 
John Sasse, Mr. J. C. September, ex-C.S.M. \V. T. McLeod, Mr. J. W. E. 
Janjes, and Mr. T. C. Amsterdam ; and last, but a very long way from least, Mr. 
Isaac P. Joshua (Hon. Treasurer of the Cape Corps Gifts and Comforts Com- 
mittee) . 

Mr. Joshua by no means confined his activities to his duties in the capacity 
named. In fact, he shared with Mr. H. J. Tobin the honour of doing the hardest 
and most persistent work in Kimberlcy on behalf of Coloured soldiers throughout 
and after the War period. 

Special mention must also be made of the undermentioned, who rendered 
sterling service in the country districts, viz. : Mr. J. West, Mrs. B. Sylvester, 
Miss E. Engledoe, Mr. F. Weber, Mr. J. Phillips, (late) Mr. J. van Bloemmestein, 
Mr. C. Stewart, Mr. H. Rorich, Mr. J. Daniels, Rev. Zeeman, Rev. Sainsbury, 
Mr. A. Less, Mr. J. Petersen, Miss V. Abbott, Deaconess Florence, Rev. Figland, 
Miss P. Whitebooi, Miss Hendricks (Elim). 

The Church Lads Brigade also rendered valuable assistance, when the 
invalided men were entertained. All school teachers and scholars splendidly 
organised functions and contributed gifts for the men in hospitals. 

At Durban excellent work was done by a hard-working Committee of ladies, 
who had occasional assistance from a few men. Much of the success of the 
work was due to the energetic efforts of Mr. and Mrs. J. Crowley and their 
strong Committee, which were greatly appreciated by the men on their several 
journeys through Durban to and from the East. 

At Port Elizabeth, a strong Committee did good work, and there ex-Sergeant 
Lovy Benjamin, as Secretary of the non-European Comrades, with a strong 
Committee looked after the welfare of the returned soldiers. 

At Johannesburg a strong branch of the same organisation under the 
Secretaryship of ex-C.S.M. J. Abrahams was equally indefatigable. 

At Pietermaritzburg every troop train passing to or fro was met by members 
of the Committee and the men regaled with tea, etc., and provided with comforts, 
and Mrs. and the Misses Pearse and other lady friends always entertained the 

It is regretted that lack of space precludes mention by name of many other 
splendid workers, men as well as ladies, who never tired of serving their com- 
patriots who were " doing their bit." 

The foregoing completes a tale of splendid and long continued unselfish 
endeavour upon which Mr. A. S. Williams, and the whole army 
of collectors, workers and helpers must be most deservedly congratulated and 
complimented. That their efforts and work were appreciated by the Officers 
and men of the various Coloured Regiments is to put it mildly. The writer 
can certainly speak for the ist Cape Corps and emphatically assure all concerned 
that the Battalion will be for ever grateful to them for their magnificent work. 


In 1917 when the Troops Rest House erected on the Grand Parade, Cape 

own, had proved its value as a veritable haven of refuge to thousands of 

Europeans wearing the King's Uniform, and particularly to Oversea Troops 

o and fro, it was realised that a similar home from home was desirable 



and necessary for Coloured Troops. The S.A. Gifts and Comforts Committee 
accordingly erected, at a cost of approximately .1,000, a Coloured Troops Rest 
House on a site on the Castle Glacis just beyond the Grand Parade, Cape Town, 
which was very kindly placed at the disposal of the Committee by Brigadier- 
General Cavendish, C.M.G., G.O.C., South Africa. The cost of erection of 
the Rest House was considerably lessened by the generous manner in which the 
Architects (Messrs. Black & Fagg) and the builders (Messrs. Morris & Co.) met 
the S.A. Gifts and Comforts Committee. The Rest House was opened on 
October loth, 1917. Sir James Rose-Innes, Chief Justice of the Union and 
President of the S.A. Gifts and Comforts Organisation, presided at the opening 
ceremony. He was supported by Brig. -General Cavendish, C.M.G., G.O.C. 
South Africa and by His Worship the Mayor, Harry Hands Esq., and by many 
members of the Gifts and Comforts Committee, the Cape Corps Recruiting 
Committee, leading Citizens and Officers of the Cape Garrison, etc. Sir James, 
in his opening address, meiv^oned that the S.A. Gifts and Comforts Committee 
forwarded gifts to the value of 300 monthly to the Cape Corps Gifts and 
Comforts Committee for the benefit of the Cape Corps and other coloured units. 
At the Opening Ceremony the ist Cape Corps furnished the Guard of Honour, 
the smartness of which was the subject of comment by Sir James Rose-Innes. 
The Rest House for Coloured Troops remained open from the roth October, 
1917, for close on two years and proved a veritable godsend to the numbers 
of coloured troops who visited Cape Town on duty or on leave or who passed 
to and fro going or coming from' the various war theatres. The catering 
arrangements at the Rest House were in the hands of the L,adies Section of the 
Comforts Committee and were all that could have been desired. 


The very generous and much needed assistance which a substantial number 
of ex-Cape Corps and other Coloured soldiers have received since demobilisation 
from the Governor-General's Fund must certainly not be overlooked in this 
chapter. No man in need of temporary financial assistance, or of a loan or cash 
grant to enable him to start in business or trade or to resume a business or trade 
interrupted by his period of active service, or to rehabilitate himself in civil life, 
has appealed in vain to the Governor-General's Fund, and many who have 
already thoroughly re-established themselves have ample reason to be grateful 
for assistance rendered. The Returned Soldiers' Advisory Board (Coloured 
Branch) was established in Cape Town in November, 1918, with offices on the 
Grand Parade. There every Coloured soldier after demobilisation was enabled 
to register himself with a view to obtaining employment or re-instatement in 
any employment engaged in prior to enlistment. The Advisory Board is still 
carrying on the good work and is composed of prominent Cape Town Citizens. 
The majority of the Committee are business men with heavy calls on their time, 
but they have nevertheless most unselfishly devoted much valuable time to 
Advisory Board work by meeting at least once a week. Men unable to obtain 
immediate employment and in need of assistance have their cases gone into. 
Enquiries are made and each case treated on its merits. If the case is genuine 
relief by way of financial assistance from the Governor-General's Fund is recom- 
mended. Recommendations are made under the following headings, viz. : 

(a) No emploj'inent money grant made. 

(b) Employment secured grant made pending receipt of first wages. 

(c) Certified medically unfit money grant made. 

(d) Clothing required granted. 

. In the case of men with dependents grants of clothing are made to the 
latter in genuine and deserving cases. 



(c) 111 the event of illness the Committee has the individual medically 
examined, and should it be ascertained that the illness is not due to or 
aggravated by military service, which prevents him receiving treat- 
ment in a Military Hospital, steps are taken to have the patient 
admitted to a Civil Hospital. 

{/) Men suffering from illness or disease which cannot be conveniently 
treated in their homes have also, on the recommendation of the 
Committee, been handed over to the Corporation Medical Authorities 
for treatment in one or other of the local institutions. 

(g) In the case of men unable to carry on their present occupation, but not 
so ill as to require medical treatment, they are, on the recommendation 
of the Honorary Medical Officer, handed over by the Committee to be 
taught a trade at the Vocational Training Institution (Coloured Branch) 
to which reference is presently made. 

(h) In cases where pay, allowances or gratuity are due and not yet paid 
by the Authorities to men whilst still inmates of Hospitals, grants 
against stop orders are recommended by the Committee by advances 
from the Governor-General's Fund to the dependents of the detail 

(i) In the event of illness of a serious nature of dependents, such as confine- 
ment cases, the payment of a Maternity Grant from the Governor- 
General's Fund is recommended. 

(/) In the case of men in the advanced stages of tuberculosis and similar 
illnesses requiring removal from the coast, as a result of strong recom- 
mendations to the Government, such details are transferred to the 
Military Hospital at Tempe, near Bloemfontein. 

Up to the present more than one thousand men and also a considerable 
number of dependents have been dealt with by the Advisory Board, and a very 
large sum of money has been disbursed. It is satisfactory to be able to record 
on the assurance of the Board that in the large majority of cases the ex-soldiers 
have appreciated the efforts made on their behalf, and that to the knowledge 
of the Committee rarely has the treatment meted out to the men been abused. 
There cannot be the slightest doubt that men who have fought and suffered 
as many have during the past four or five years are entitled by every moral and 
legal right to consideration and treatment on their return from service such 
as above set forth. In fact in many cases even such kindness, assistance, and 
consideration as has been their reward falls short of what the men have deserved, 
as no possible reward can repay what some men have given. Nevertheless on 
behalf of the returned men of the ist Cape Corps at least one may and must take 
this opportunity of expressing the most cordial and heartfelt thanks for all that 
has been done for them by a large number of those in Cape Town, in particular, 
and in other parts of the Union in general, who, being for one reason or another 
unable to take up arms themselves, have worked, many for more than five years, 
so hard, so ungrudgingly, and so unselfishly to do whatever lay in their power 
to help the men whilst in the field and to lighten their lot on their return. 

The members of the Returned Soldiers' Advisory Board (Coloured Branch) 
who have been certainly not the least hard-working of Cape Town War Workers 
are: Canon S. W. Lavis (Chairman); Messrs. C. M. Gibbs, J.P., M.P.C.; J. W. 
Mushet, M.L.A.; the Revs. W. L. Clementson, R. P. Smart, and Caradoc Davies; 
Dr. R. D. A. Douglas (Honorary Medical Officer) ; Messrs. M. J. Fredericks, 
Henry Hartog, and A. S. Williams ; Major Win. Jardine (an ex-Officer of the 
ist Cape Corps) ; Major N. A. N. Black (Secretary) ; D. Hodemaker (ex-Sergeant 
ist Cape Corps) late Assistant Secretary, and Mr. M. J. Abrahamse (ex-Sergeant 
ist Cape Corps) present Assistant Secretary. 



Canon Lavis was the representative of the above Board on the General 
Advisory Board, and in addition he was a member of the Rest House Committee 
and also Chaplain to the Cape Corps Depot whilst the same was at Woltemade 

The above Board also constitutes the Committee of the Coloured Vocational 
Training Institute. 


The question of Vocational Training of disabled ex-members of Coloured 
Units has received the most sympathetic treatment. When vocational training 
was commenced for disabled European details no provision was made for Coloured 
men, but since April, 1919, that omission has been rectified, and to-day most 
successful efforts are being made to deal with disabled Coloured men and to 
fit with a new trade men unable to follow their pre-\Yar occupations owing to 
disability caused through active service. 

Some difficulty was experienced at the outset in finding a suitable building, 
but in April, 1919, a beginning in a small way was made. Very soon the 
Committee were compelled to look around to find a larger building. In October, 
1919, much bigger premises, capable of accommodating one hundred learners, 
were found in Muir Street, off Sir L.owry Road, Cape Town, and there satis- 
factory work is being accomplished. 

The trades taught under capable instructors are bootmaking and repairing, 
saddlery and harness making, and leather work generally. The men have settled 
down to their new work and are very anxious to become efficient and to launch 
out on their own and make a fresh start in life. The men in the bootmaking 
section, when their training is complete and the instructor is satisfied that they 
are capable of commencing work for themselves, are given a start by receiving 
an outfit of tools, which, if they continue their work, they are allowed to retain 
as their own property. Several have already been trained and placed and, the 
Committee have every reason to believe, are doing well. 

The Leatherwork Section naturally requires a longer period of training, 
and care has to be taken by the Committee in choosi-ng. suitable men for this 
work. While undergoing training they are taught bag and suit case making 
and harness stitching. When their training is complete they obtain employment 
in one of the factories in the town. Here a word must be said in regard to the 
employers, who have been always willing to take these men and have shown 
them every consideration. The Vocational Training Committee is constantly in 
touch with the men and meets once a week. Frequent visits are also made to 
the Institute. The valuable time spent by the Committee is only a secondary 
consideration with them where the welfare of the learners is concerned. 

In addition to the above named the Rev. George Robson is now also a 
Member of the Committee, the Secretary to which is Mr. L. Evans. The 
Superintendent of the Institution is Mr. J. F. Mason, himself an ex-Officer who 
saw service during the War. Mr. Mason is very keen on the men and pleased 
with their progress. 

In concluding this brief reference to the good work done by the Advisory 
Board and the Vocational Training Institution, it may be said in a word that no 
deserving man in need has appealed in vain to the Advisory Board and through 
them to the Committee of the Governor-General's Fund. 


The Regimental Band was formed early in March, 1918, at Kimberley. 
A valuable set of instruments was presented by the Cape Corps Gifts and 
Comforts Committee. Mr. C. Linsell of Cape Town, an old bandsman of that 
splendid body the Royal Irish Constabulary, was attested as a member of the 



I'hoto By] {Aziz & Dores, Alexandria, Egypt. 




Corps and appointed Bandmaster with the rank of Acting first-class Warrant 
Officer. Mr. Linsell soon licked promising material into something like pre- 
liminary shape, and good progress had been made before the Band embarked 
from Durban for Egypt with the Reserve Half Battalion in June, 1918. On 
arrival in the land of the Pharoahs the Band very soon proceeded to the front, 
where they contributed to the enjoyment of our Brigade and others when behind 
the line. After the Armistice the Band returned to Mustapha with the Battalion, 
and there during the ensuing eight months, Bandmaster Linsell was able to 
rapidly advance the skill of his musicians, who became in time quite useful 
performers. The cost of maintenance of the Band and the pay of the Bandmaster 
was borne by the Officers, and when demobilisation came about in September, 
1919, the Band Fund was sufficient to enable the Bandmaster's services to be 
retained for one year. 

During the past twelve months Mr. Linsell has been busy continuing the 
training of his men, practices taking place in th evening after the men have 
done their day's work. 

The Band has appeared in public in Cape Town on several occasions, and 
is expected to do so more frequently in the near future now that they have 
attained quite an average measure of proficiency. A visit to Kimberley is on 
the tapis, and within the next six months it is hoped that the Band will obtain 
frequent engagements in Cape Town and the Peninsula. They are certainly 
efficient enough to contribute much to the enjoyment of Europeans as well as 
their compatriots in the Cape Peninsula. Quite recently, thanks to the courtesy 
of the Minister of Defence, Colonel Mentz, and to the good offices of Lieut. - 
Colonel Blew, District Staff Officer, Cape Town, uniforms have been issued to 
the Bandsmen by the Union Defence Department. Lieut. -Colonel Blew and 
Major Hodgson, Staff Adjutant, U.D.F., Cape Town, have both taken much 
interest in the Band since their return from Egypt, and their assistance has been 
much appreciated by all concerned. 

Major William Jardiiie, of Cape Town, in addition to his activities as a 
member of the Returned Soldiers' Advisory* Board and as a member of the 
Vocational Training Institution Committee is also Band President and Honorary 


Very shortly after the first heavy casualties sustained by the Battalion (in 
East Africa in November, 1917), it was decided to inaugurate a Cape Corps 
Memorial Fund. Practically every Officer and man demobilised during 1919 
contributed a day's pay to the Fund. At a Meeting of Officers held on board 
H.M.T. " Tambov " on September ist, 1919, a few days before arrival at Cape 
Town for demobilisation, the balance standing to the credit of the Regimental 
Fund was voted to the Memorial Fund, and similarly the balance to credit of 
Officers' Mess Fund. 

Shortly after arrival at Cape Town the Cape Corps Concert Party gave a 
most successful Concert in the City Hall, Cape Town, in aid of the Memorial 
Fund, which realized the useful amount of over ^100, thanks to the energetic 
work and advertising of Mr. A. S. Williams. Soon afterwards the Concert 
Party visited Port Elizabeth and gave two concerts there, which realized a 
substantial amount. The sum total of the above efforts and subscriptions is 
that approximately 700 stands to the credit of the Memorial Fund and is in 
the hands of the Trustees, Colonel Sir W. E. M. Stanford and Major Wm. 



The site and form of the proposed Memorial remains to be decided. The 
Mayor of Cape Town \vas approached some months ago, but, owing to the 
number of memorials which it is desired to erect, and the limited amount of 
suitable space, His Worship could not offer an acceptable site. It is hoped, 
however, that when the Castle at Cape Town is handed over by the Imperial 
Authorities to the Union Government, as it is shortly to be, a suitable site may 
then be forthcoming within the Castle Grounds. 

Over four hundred and fifty Officers and men of the ist Cape Corps laid 
down their lives, and it is therefore certainly meet and fitting that a satisfactory 
site should be found and that a handsome and entirely worthly, appropriate and 
abiding Memorial should be erected. 


It is very satisfactory to be able to record that during the Session of Parlia- 
ment of the Union which closed a few months ago, a Pensions Bill was passed 
to increase the pensions of South Africans disabled during the late War and 
also the pensions to dependents of men killed. Under that Bill disabled men 
of the Cape Corps and the next of kin or dependents will benefit to some extent. 
That is as it should be, as the previous scale of pensions was by no means 
adequate or just. Our thanks are due to the Members of both Houses for that 
act of tardy justice. 


Memorial Services to the fallen men of the Cape Corps have been held 
annually for the past three years in the City Hall, Cape Town. It is to be hoped 
that these services will be continued yearly for all time, not only as a tribute 
to the brave men who fell, but also as a reminder to succeeding generations 
of the coloured community of South Africa of the splendid sacrifice and service 
rendered by their kinsfolk for King and Country during the Great War. 


The positively last word of this Afterword must be an expression of the 
very greatest regret that it has not been found possible to perpetuate the Cape 
Corps in some form or other of Military Service. 

When the Battalion returned for final demobilisation shortly over a year 
ago, their smartness, military bearing and discipline, etc., was the subject of 
general and favourable comment. Many who remembered the men when they 
came to the Recruiting Stations in 1915 could not but express the greatest surprise 
at the contrast provided by the same men in 1919. The result of discipline and 
training and an ordered life was remarkable. It is the greatest of pities that 
the result of so much sustained endeavour and that such promising material 
cannot be utilised. 

Every able bodied mar, in the far flung dominions of the British Empire has, 
if he feels so disposed, the opportunity of military training and service, either 
in the regular or auxiliary forces of the Empire or of the particular dominion 
of his domicile. Why not then the Coloured men of the Union of South Africa? 
It may be urged that there arc practical and academic objections to the main- 
tenance of a Cape Coloured Regiment as a Volunteer Corps or as a Unit of the 
Union Defence Force. If that be granted, which it is not, then surely it should 
be possible to recruit the men in the Union and ship them away to some portion 
of the Empire where the colour bar or any similar objection does not obtain. 



There the Unit could he maintained, and through its medium most valuable 
training imparted to the young Coloured men of the Union. The period of 
service could he from three to five years and the service compulsory (as it is 
in the Active Citi/.en Force, U.D.F.), between the ages of say 18 and 25. The 
men could be taught trades or handicrafts as well as military duties and 
exercises. The effect of such a scheme would certainly be most marked upon 
the rising generation of Cape Coloured men and, through them, upon the whole 
Coloured community. Physically, morally and mentally the men would benefit 
to an astounding degree. 

That much must be obvious to all those who saw the Cape Corps recruits 
between 1914/17, and the finished article in 1919. When the ist Cape Corps 
was demobilised, over one thousand strong, at Cape Town in September, 1919, 
not one man found his way into the Police Courts, although a large majority 
had drawn substantial amounts of arrear pay, and might well have been 
excused " a jamboree." More need not be said. 

Photo by] [J'livm-'s Studios, Cape Town. 


Hon. Sivn-tnry, Capi Corps'ts and Comforts 

Mu. P. c. RYAN. 
Member of Cape Corps Recruiting Committee 

Explanation of Abbreviations. 

^ ^ Q . \--i-i ant Adjutant-General. 

\C ). Active Citizen Force. 

\.D.C. Aide-de-Camp. 

\ G Adjutant-General. 

A!D'.M.S. Assistant Director of Medical Service--. 

yp ^l Assistant Provost-Marshal. 

\ ] Ammunition Transport. 

Y/C S M Acting Company Sergeant-Major. 

A!/R'.O.M.S. Acting Regimental Quart. -mia-ster Sergeant. 

\!/O!M.S. Acting Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Bde. Brigade. 

Brig. Brigadier. 

Brig. Gen. Brigadier-General. 

BE \ British East Africa. 

BJG'.'G .S. Brigadier-General General Staff 

Bt. Brevet. 

Bn. Btn. Battalion. 

j; \v.l. British West India. 

r.A.H.T.C. Cape Auxiliary Horse Transport Corps 

C.B. Companion of the Bath. 

C!C!L.R. Cape Coloured Labour Regiment. 

C.E. Civil Engineer. 

C i n c. Commander-in-Chief. 

C.G.A. Cape Garrison Artillery. 

C.O. Commanding Officer. 

Co. Company. 

C.M.G. Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. 


C.M.R. Cape Mounted Rifles. 

C.M.P. Cape Mounted Police. 

C.R. A. Commanding Royal Artillery. 

C.T. Camel Transport. 

C.Q.M.S. Company Quartermaster Sergeant. 

C.S.M. Company Sergeant-Major. 

<'.V.O. Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. 

D.A.G. Deputy Adjutant-General. 

D.A.A.G. Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General. 

D.A.D.M.L. Di-puty Assistant Director (if Military Labour. 

D (^M. Recipient of Distinguished Cunduct Mrdal. 

D.L.I. Durban Light Infantry. 

D.E.O.V.R. Duke of Edinburgh's Own Volunteer Rifles. 

D.M.T. District Mounted Troops. 

D.O.R.E. Divisional Officer, Royal Engiii' < r-. 

D.I'.O. District Political Officer. 

D.S.O. Companion of the Distinguished Service Order 

D.O.M.G. Deputy Quartrrmasicr General. 

E.A.M.T.C. East African Mechanical Transport Corps. 

!;. \.P.F. East African Protectorate Forces. 

E.E.I'". Egyptian Expeditionary Force. 

E.M.R. Eastern Mounted Rifles. 

E.S.O. Embarkation Staff Officer. 

I". A.M. P. Frontier Armed Mounted Police. 

F.O.O. Forward Observation Officer. 


"G.B.D. General Base IVput. 

G.C.B. Knight Grand Cross of ilie Bath. 

G.C.M.G. Knight Grand Cross of tlv MoM Di-tingui-h. <1 Oril.i "I St. Michael 

and St. George. 

<i. E.A. German East Africa. 

G.H.Q. General Headquarters. 

G.O.C.l.C. General Officer Commanding in Chief. 

'G.O.C. General Officer Commanding. 

G.S. Genera] Staff. 

G.S.O. General Staff Officer. 

G.R.O. General Routine Officer. 

G.S.W.A. German South-West Africa. 

H.M. His Majesty's. 

H.M.T. His Majesty's Troopship. 

H.M.A.T. i|U Maji'My's Australian Troopship. 

H.E. His Excellency. 

!') Intelligence Department. 

i/c. In charge. 

I.I'. A. Indian Field Ambulance. 

!''.('. Inspector-General of Communications. 

LL.H. Imperial Light Horse. 

LM.S. Indian Medical Service. 

'^- Imperial Yeomanry. 

J.M.R. Johanneshurg Mounted Rifles. 

J-P- Justice of the Peace. 

K.A.R. King's African Rifles. 

K.B.E. Knight Commander of the British Empire. 

King's Counsel. 

Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath. 

Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George. 

K.A.R. M.I. King's African Riflemen Mounted Infantry. 

K.O.S.B. King's Oxvn Scottish Borderers. 

Lieut. -Col. Lieutenant-Colonel. 

"L.Corpl. Lance-Corporal. 

L.N. Lanes. Loval North Lancashire. 

M.B.E. Member of Order of the British Empire. 

M.B.F.A. Mounted Brigade Field Ambulano-. 

M.C. Recipient of Military Cross. 

M.D. Motor Depatch (Riders). 

M.G. Machine Gun. 

M.M. Recipient of Military Medal. 

M.O. Mi-dic.-U Officer. 

M.P.C. \|. ml.. , of Provincial Council (South Africa). 

M.R. Mounted Rifles. 

M.L.A. Mi tuber of the Legislative Assembly (South Africa). 

M-L.B. Military Labour Bureau. 

M.I. Mounted Infantry. 

M.T. Mechanical Transport. 

M.V.O. Member of the 4th or 5111 Class of the Royal Victorian Order. 

Maj.-Gen. Major-General. 

A'.C.O: Non-Commissioned Officer. 

N.M.R. Ncirihf-rn Mounted Rill. s. 



Q t - Officer Commanding. 

O/[\( '. Officers' Training Corps. 

j> [. \ Portuguese East Africa. 

Pi" of C. Palestine Lines of Communication. 

(\O.\Y. Prisoner of \Var. 

Pte. Private. 

O ft Y Oui-eiistoun Rifle Volunteers. 

(") \l.s. Quartermaster Sergeant. 

O.M.R. (Juarti.Tniasii.-f. 

K \.K. Royal Air Force. 

R.A.O.C. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. 

R.A.M.C. Royal Army Medical Corps. 

K.F.C. Royal Flying Corps. 

R.(,.A. Ko\al (larriscin Artillery. 

R.I1.IJ. Ri-srfvi- Half Battalion. 

R.. \.S.C. Royal .\im\ Service Corps. 

R.I-;. Royal Engineers. 

R.M.O. Regimental Medical Officer. 

R.O.I). Railway Operations Departni.-iii . 

R.O.M.S. flegimental Ouarternnstei- Sergeant. 

R.S.M. Regimental Sergeant-Major. 

R.W.I-'. Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 

R.X.A.S. Royal Naval Air Servio-. 

K.'l'.O. Railway Transport Officer. 

K.I-'. \. l.l'.F.) Royal Field Artillery (Territorial Force). 

S. A. !'..(. South African Engineer C'orps. 

S.X.I-'. A. South African Field Artillery. 

S.A.I I. South African Horse. 

S.A.H.A. South African Heavy Artillery. 

S.A.C. South African Constabulary. 

S.A.S.C. (T. S: R.) South African Service Corps (Transport and Remounts). 

S.A.M.R. South African Mounted Riflemen. 

S.O. Signalling Officer. 

S.A.I. South African Infantry. 

S.A.M.C. South African Medical Corps. 

S.A.M.D.R. South African Motor Despatch Riders. 

S.A.X.L.C. South African Native Labour C'orps. 

S.A.S.C.M.T. South African Service Corps Mi-chanicnl Transport. 

S.R.C. Southern Rhodesiaii Coiisiahulary. 

S.W.A. South-\Vesi Africa. 

Sgt. Sergeant. 

S.A.S.M. South African Stokes Mortars. 

T.I). Territorial Decoration. 

T.I-'. Ti-f ritorial l-'ofrrs. 

C.D.I'. Cnion Defence l-'orre. 

C.l\. Cnited Kingdom. 

^.l>. Volunteer 


\V.O. Warrant Officer. 

\\.I'.M.R Western Province Mounted Rilles. 



Below is the Nominal Roll of all officers who served with the Battalion at 
one time or another between the periods of mobilisation and demobilisation of 
the Unit. The names appear in order of seniority and or date on which officers 
were ga/.etted to the Battalion. 

MORRIS, ('.. A., C.M.C, , D.S.o, I. it-lit. -Colonel, Coinmar.dinsr officer, joined 5/10/15, demobilised 5'io/l9 
Tiny, C. N., D.S.i). and liar. Senior Major, Seeonil in Command, joined 1/11/15, ActillR Lieut. -Colonel 

30/10/17 to 9/n'i7, 6/12/17 lo 21/12/17, 13/4/18 to 10/8/18, B/io/i to 9/11/18, eranted rank of 

I u-iil -L oloml -in demobilisation 17/6/19. 
CQWEI.L, \V. K., D.S.n., Captain, joined 6/10/15, Major 16/5/17, killed in action at Kh. Jibeit, near 

Jerusalem, Palestine, 20/9/18. 
DI'RIIA.M. C. r, , D.S.U., Captain, joined 18/10/15, Major 15/1/16, transl'en-i-d to the Kind's Afric-in Rifles 

in East Atrica in May, 1917. 
<;UNNINi'.ll AM, u 1 C, , Captain I Adjutant), joined 18/10/15, transferred to Political Department, East 

Africa 21/9/16. 
CAMJ?BEI,l,, I.., Captain I(>.C. Machine r.un Section), joined 18/10/15, transferred to S A. Native Labour 

Corps 21/4/17, was demobilised .M/i/2", died at Usakos, S.XV.A. 21/7/20. 

l;At '.SHAXVE, !". .1., Captain, joined 30/10/15, transferred to Political Department, East Africa, 14/11/1'' 
BRADSToCK, !'. K, D.S.i), M.C. anil liar, Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 1/11/15, Major 26/6/17, 

transferred to Kind's African Rifles in East Africa 16/12/17. 

\\AKK, II. ('.., Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 1/12/15, medically boarded and released 17/7/17. 
ROBINSON, J. E-, Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 18/12/15, medically boarded and released 8/4/19. 
STEVENS, C. E., Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 1/1/16, medically boarded and released 27/3/18. 
ROBERTSON, I). \V Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 21/9/16, demobilised 27/6/19. 
M1CIIAU, J. M., Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 6/11/16, demobilised 22/9/19. 
YOUART, S., Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Captain 11/12/16, demobilised 25/6/19. 
DENNISoN, J. E., Lieutenant (Si;,rnal!iny: officer), joined 18/10/15, Captain 27/9/16, medically boarded 

and released 17/7/17. 
ANDERSON, \V r. Lieutenant, joined 3" '10/15, Captain 5/11/15, granted local rank of Major 2/7/17 

whilst o.C. Cape Corps Depot at Woltcmade III., Major 16/12/17, transferred to Union Defence 

forces 15/2/18, retransferred to ist Cape Corps with rank of Captain i/8/i,S, Major 21/9/18, 

demobilised 11/7/19. 

BURGER, I 4 "., LicnU nanl, joined 1/11/15, Captain 21/9/16, demobilised 6/10/19. 

ASHLEY, S, Lieutenant, joined 22/11/15, Captain 16/5/17, medically boarded and released 30/4/18. 

TANDY, J. II., M.C., Lieutenant, joined 1/12/15, Captain 27/9/16, demobilised 22/9/19. 

Cl'NINl'.HAM, \V. J K, Lieutenant, joined 3/12/15, Captain 14/9/16, Major 25/3/18, demobilised 26/9/19 

1'KoCTEK, \V. \V., Lieutenant, joined 10/12/15, transferred to 2nd/2iid Kind's African Rifles in East Africa 

HARRIS, J V , M.C , Lieutenant, joined 16/12/15, Captain 7/2/17, killed in action at Kh. Jibeit, m-ar 

Jerusalem, Palestine, 20/9/18. 

ARNOTT, J., D.C.M., Lieutenant (Transport Officer), joined 20/12/15, Actins Captain 17/4/17, Captain 
, 17, medically bo-irele'l MK! reh a--rd ;i/3/i8. 

HALLIER, !'. C., Lieutenant, joined 24/12/15, Acting Captain 4/7/17, Captain 1(1/12/17, seconded to 

Political Department in East Africa 211/10/17. 

AI.EXANDER, \V. \V., Lieutenant, joined 24/12/15, medically boarded an 1 released 12/6/18. 
MACINTOSH, r,. C, 2nd Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Lieutenant 18/4/16, transferred to Royal MMIU- 

Corps 31/12/10, demobilised 4/3/20. 

\V1IITAKER, S. \V., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, Lieutenant 18/4/16, transferred to King's African 
Rifles in East Africa 10/6/16. 

TEARSE, I). K , jnd Lieutenant, joined 22/11/15, Lieutenant 25/5/16, Acting Captain 18/6/17, Captain 

16/12/17, demobili.M-d i. [0/19. ' 
STAX1-OKD, I'. VV. C., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 22/11/15, Lieutenant 15/5/16, ActiliK Captain 18/6/17, 

Captain 25 '; is, medically board* d and released 12/4/18. 
MURCHIE, I-'., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 1/12/15, Lieutenant i/6'in, Actini; Captain 2^/9/17, Captain 25 

transferred to I'ost II. Hum Army at Alexandria, Etrypt,' 12/7/19 
EDWARDS, II., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 7/12/15, Lieutenant 7/6/16, Aeliui; Captain iS/i,,i7, Captain 

25/3/18, demobilised 17/10/19. 
ROSE-INNES, T. 1'., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 20/12/15, Lieutenant 2"/d/i6, ActinK Captain 22/11/17, 

Captain 25/3/18, demobilised 5/0 HI. 
WILSON, R., _-nd Lieutennnt, joined 11,1,16, Lieutenant 2(1/7/111, medically boarded and released 22/6/17. 


KACKSTKAW, E. ]., M.C , 2nd Lieutenant, joined 27/1/16, lieutenant 27/7/16, demobilised 28/6/19. 
BELL, HAKI.AND S., Lieutenant, joined 7 4 i'>, transferred to Political Department in East Africa 

' 16/6/16. 
CLOKE, R. A, St. iff Sergeant, joined 4/13/15, C.Q.M.S. 9/1/16, C.S M. 17/4/16, R.Q.M.S. 3/5/16, and 

Lieutenant 16/6/16, Lieutenant 16/12/16, demobilised 14/9/19. 
HOSACK, }. C., R.Q.M.S., joined 29/10/15, 2nd Lieutenant 4/12/15, reverted at own request to R.Q.M.S. 

14/12/15 2nd Oeutenant 16/6/10, killed in action at Masinga, near Kangata, in East Africa on 

GARDNER, C. S. H., I'latoon Sergeant, joined 1/3/16, 2nd Lieutenant 16/6/16, Lieutenant 16/12/16, 

demobilised 23/6/19. 
HAYTON, A. A., Staff Sergeant, seconded from U.D.F. in November, 1915, transferred to Cape Corps 

30/6,16, .Mid Lieutenant 1/7/16, Lieutenant 1/1/17, demobilised 6/7/19. 
\VK..\1A.\, \v. 'I'., Staff Sergeant, joined 1/1/16, 2nd Lieutenant 21/7/16, Lieutenant 21/1/17, demobilised 

WHITE, G. C., Captain, joined 1/8/16, reverted at own request to Lieutenant 10/12/16, died at 47th 

Stationary Hospital at Gaza on 17/10/18 (of wounds received in action at Kli. Jibeit, near Jerusalem, 

on 20/9/18). 

v.'iiA'1'KS, II, Lieutenant, joined ;'S 16, medically boarded and released 25/3/18. 
HEATON, W. S., M.C., 2nd Lieutenant, joined n/S'i6, Lieutenant 11/2 '17, rejoined Loyal North 

Lancashire Regiment 21/8/18. 

}'i iTGIETER.M , Lieutenant, joined 20/8/16, medically boarded and released 20/7/18. 
JAMES, T. E., Lieutenant, joined 20/8/16, Captain 27/6/18, demobilised 10/7/19. 
JARDINE, WILLIAM, Capt., joined 28/8/16, demobilised 27/5/19 

FEETHAM, R. CW.L.A., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 28/8/16, Lieutenant 28/2/17 demobilised 30/12/19. 
LESLIE, A, 2nd Lieutenant, joined 2,s f., id, Lieutenant 28/2/17, Captain 5/10/18, demobilised 6/10/19. 
DE V1LLIERS, G. W., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 3(1/8/16, Lieutenant 29/4/17, transferred to A.C.F., U.D.F. , 

GUEST, I. A. M., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 30/8/16, Lieutenant 28/3/17, killed in action at Mkungu, Lindi 

area, Kast Africa, on 6/11/17. 

THORNTON, H. R., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 21/8/16, medically boarded and released 7/6/17. 
HO\VE-BRo\VNE, N 1'.. 2nd Lieutenant, joined 14/9/16, Lieutenant 14/3/17, seconded to Political 

Department in East Africa 2/3/18. 
THOMPSON, R. A., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 18/10/16, Lieutenant 18/4/17, transferred to Political Depart- 

ment in East Africa 23/12/17. 

BAIN, T., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 30/10/16, Lieutenant 30/4/17, released from service 6/5/18. 
STl'BBS, E. P., M.C., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 31/10/16, Lieutenant 30/4/17, demobilised 7/9/19. 
WALTON, H., Lieutenant, joined 30/10/16, medically boarded and released 19/3/18. 
HORSEMAN, G., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 4/11/16, Lieutenant 4/5/17, demobilised 3/12/19. 
M' irkHILL, A. F., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 13/11/16, Lieutenant 15/5/17, medically boarded and released^ 


BROWNE, E. H., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 15/11/16, Lieutenant 15/5/17, released from service 1/5/18. 
HOFFE, T. M., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 26/12/16, Lieutenant 26/6/17, Acting Captain 1/7/17, died of 

pneumonia at Dodoma, East Africa, 23/9/17. 

DIFFORD, A. N. ( 2nd Lieutenant, joined 10/1/17, Lieutenant 10/7/17, killed in action at Kh. Jibeit, near 
Jerusalem, Palestine, 20/9/18. 

ItARNARD, G. R., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 15/1/17, Lieutenant is.7/17, died of malaria near Rham Alia, 

Palestine, on 22/7/18. 
AI1BOTT, C. F., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 29/3/17, Lieutenant 29/9/17, killed in action at Mkungu, East 

Africa, on 6/11/17. 

ROSE-INNES, S. H., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 30/3/17, Lieutenant 30/9/17, demobilised 10/9/19. 
POWER, W., Lieutenant, joined 10/4/17, killed in action at Mkungu, Lindi area. East Africa, 6/11/17. 
BOTHA, D. F., Lieutenant, joined 10/5/17, transferred to Army of Occupation in Egypt 17/5/19, and 

promoted Captain, demobilised 12/4/20. 

McNEIL, J., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 10/5/17 died 7/11/17 of wounds received in action at Mknngu. East 
Africa 6/11/17. 

P1LLANS, C. S. M., Lieutenant, joined 23/6/17, relinquished commission 15/2/18. 
'."I.soN, R., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 2/7/17, Lieutenant 2/1/19, demobilised 6/7/19. 
^AMl'El.soN, s. v., M.C., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 2/7/17, Lieutenant 2/1/19, demobilised 21/10/19. 
DREYER, J. S., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 16/7/17, killed in action at Kh. Jibeit, near Jerusalem, Palestine, 

KM.SENEL, E., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 16/7/17, medically boarded and released 11/3/18. 
WARE, G. I.., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 10/7/17, medically rjonrded and released 5/3/18. 
<.IRI>W()<ii>, l. I., _,,,d Lieutenant, joined 17/7/17, Lieutenant 17/1/19, demobilised 10/9/19. 
BLOXAM, E. B., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 17/7/17, medically boarded and released 28/1/20. 
DAV1ES, M. S., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 21/7/17, Lieutenant 21/1/19, demobilised 10/9/19. 
'EMPLER, E. W., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 7/11/17, transferred to Army of Occupation in Egypt 25/6/19. 
CPAJ *jo%/i8' ~ nd Ueutenant > Jo' 11 " 1 7/1I/I7, killed in action at Kh. Jibeit, near Jerusalem, Palestine, 

GIBSON, A. S., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 17/11/17, Lieutenant 17/5/18, medically boarded and released 3/2/20. 
M( UN, II. II. Lieutenant, joined 21/2/18, demobilised 8/10/19. 
MAM.EY, H. C., Lieutenant, joined 16/3/18, demobilised 30/6/19. 
Ross, A v, .Lieutenant, joined 28/3/18, demobilised 4/7/19. 


I.. \.MHE, C. R , 2nd Lieutenant, joined 2.S/.-,/iK, demobilised 10/9/19. 
tennis, G. A., M.C., Lieutenant, joined 28/3/18, demobilised 33/9/19 



ANTILL, A. E. J-, 2nd Lieutenant, joined 25/4/18, died on 21/9/18 (of wounds recrivtd in action at Kb. 

Jibeit, near Jerusalem, Palestine, on 20/9/18). 

WALLIS, H., M.C., Lieutenant, joined 30/4/18, demobilised 4/10/19 
MOSENTHAL, B. P., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 30/4/18, demobilised 8/9/19. 
SOLOMON, R R., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 1/5/18, demobilised 5/5/19. 
JEPPE, O. R., Lieutenant, joined 9/5/18, Captain 21/9/18, demobilised 25/6/19. 
urclIANAN, W. J., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 28/5/18, demobilised 5/8/19. 
HILLARY, C. A., Lieut., joined 1/6/18, demobilised 15/11/19. 
.MACKENZIE, A, jnd/I.ieut., joined 1/6/18, demobilised 6/8/19. 
HJRSCH, J. G., 2nd/I.ieirt., joined 5/6/18, demobilised 7/9/19. 
MACFARLANE, P., 2iid/Lieut., joined 10/6/18, demobilised 6/8/19. 

HOLLINS, J. I.., 2nd Lieutenant, joined 1/7/18, died of wounds at Alexandria, Egypt, on 15/10/18. 
ADAMSON, F. C., 2nd/Lieut., joined 2/7/18, demobilised 8/9/19. 
VAN DIGGELEN, H. C., Lieutenant, joined in July, 1918, demobilised 20/10/19. 
W1IITF1ELD, Geo., D.C.M., 2nd 'Lieut., joined 2/7/18, medically boarded and released 13/3/20. 
BUCHANAN, D. H F., 2nd/Lieut., joined bl'i. 18, demobilised 8/10/19. 
HALL, R. I.., and 'Lieut., joined 6/7/18, Lieut. 6/1/20, demobilised 16/2/20. 
JOHNSON, I,. C., Lieut., joined 8/7/18, demobilised 20/8/19. 

BROWN, W. I., 2nd/Lieut., joined 9/7/18, transferred to Army of Occupation in Egypt, 25/6/19. 
LOtTW, H., 2nd/I,ieut., joined 11/7/18, demobilised 8/9/19 

SMITH, W. R., Lieutenant, joined 20/9/18, died in Hospital, Kimberley, 22/10/18. 
RAINIER, H. A., Lieutenant, joined 2/10/18, died in Hospital, Kimberley, 10/10/18. 


DIFFORD, I. D., Capt., joined 25/9/15, medically boarded and released 29/12/19. 


ROBB, R. M., S.A.M.C., Captain, attached from 24/11/15, resigned commission 20/6/16. 
MCNEIL, R. P., M.C., S.A.M.C., Captain, attached from 13/5/16, resigned commission 15/2/18. 
DREW, D. W., S.A.M.C., Captain, attached from 1/3/18, demobilised 24/6/19. 
BOUWER, J. W., S.A.M.C., Captain, attached from 25/3/18, demobilised 23/6/19. 

DAI.GLIESH, M. C., R.A.M.C., Captain, attached from 24/3/19, left Cape Town for England for demobili- 
sation, December, 1919, demobilised 5/1/20 


LEVER, C. J., Lieutenant, joined 18/10/15, resigned 16/12/15. 

BOAM, B., Lieut., joined 21/12/15, Temporary Capt. 21/9/16, Capt. 1/4/18, resigned commission 10/1/19. 

SMITH, W. H., Captain, joined 11/1/19, still on service. 


EARP-JONES, ALAN, Captain, joined 28/12/15, demobilised 19/9/19. 

The below named Officers were seconded from 2nd to ist Cape Corps about July, 1918, and proceeded 
to Egypt with Captain Anderson's reinforcements in August, 1918, viz. : 

REUNERT, CLIVE, Lieutenant, demobilised 8/9/19. 

WHEELWRIGHT, W. D., 2nd Lieutenant, transferred to Army of Occupation in Egypt 25/6/19, 
demobilised 12/7/20. 





1'VKA.Mll.S, CUKU. 

I'ilolo by] \l.ll.!>. 

M\.!ok \v. 1, K Cl'MX(.ll\M, O.C. K.H.B. AT i;i. 
ARISH, OtTilBKR, igiS. 


Photo by] {Serteant Altes. 




Record of Active Service other than with the Battalion. 

NOTE. The names appear in order of seniority and/or date of joining the ist Cape Corps. 
It has not been possible to obtain the full and complete record of each and every officer, which act 
is regretted. 

MORRIS, GE<>RGE ABHOTT, I.ieut -Colonel, C.M.G., D.S.O., Lieutenant, Glen Grey Native Levies, 1X99; 
Lieutenant, Uuccnstown Rifle Volunteers, iyuo; promoted Captain, O.R.V., 1901; commanded Q.R.V. 
in Colonel Charles Crcwe's Column, 1902; Captain,' N.W. Provincial Police, July-September, 1902. 
Total Anglo-Boer \Var service, t\vo years. Sub-Inspector, Swa/iland Police, 1906-1909; assisted in 
recruiting Rand Rifles, 1914; Captain, Special Service Squadron 2nd M.R (Natal Carbineers), 
October, 1914; promoted Major, November, 1914; and to command Special Service Squadron 2nd M.R. 
served through Rebellion and in G.S.W.A. from December I2th, 1914, to July isth, 1915. Mentioned 
in Despatches in G.S.W.A ; ga/i-tted to command ist Cape Corps, 5th October, 1915. 

HOY, CHARLES NORMAN, Major, D.S.O. and liar, served during Anglo-Boer War from December, 1899, 
to 3oth June, 1902; started as a Trooper, ended as ist Lieutenant; units, Royal Canadian Dragoons 
ami Canadian Scouts; medals : Queen's (five clasps) and King's; served with ist M.R. (Natal 
Carbineers) as Squadron Commander (Captain) during Rebellion and in G.S.W.A., 1914-15; gazetted 
to ist Cape Corps, ist November, 1915; rank. Senior Major (acted as Commanding Officer for ten 
months in all). 

COWELL, WILLIAM RALPH (Late), Major, D.S.O., had fourteen months' service with Queensland 
Imperial Bushmen prior to Anglo-Boer War; served for twenty months (1901-1902) with Queensland 
Imperial Bushmen during Anglo- Boer War; was six months at Army Headquarters, Pretoria, in 
1902; final rank, Lieutenant; Queen's and King's medals (three clasps); was on Anglo-German 
Boundary Commission in East Africa, 1904-5; served during Zululand Rebellion, 1906; joined 2nd 
M.R. (Natal Carbineers) in 1914, rank Lieutenant, and saw Service during Rebellion and in 
G.S.W.A. to July, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 6/10/15, rank Captain 

DURHAM, CORNEY GEORGE, Major, D.S.O., served throughout Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902;. from 
October, 1899, to January, 1901, with ist I.L.H.; commissioned in Rand Rifles February, 1901; 
Queen's and King's medals; Captain and 3rd Field Officer in R.L.I, in G.S.W.A. 8th August, 1914, 
to 9th July, 1915; Mentioned in Despatches in G.S.W.A.; seconded to ist Cape Corps 18/10/15, 
rank Captain; transferred from 1st Cape Corps to rst/3rd K.A.R. in G.E.A. May, 1917, as Second 
in Command, promoted Lieut. -Colonel in March, 1918; was promoted to be a Column Commander 
in P.E.A. (August-October, 1918); received prompt award of D.S.O. for conspicuous gallantry 
whilst commanding ist/3rd K.A.R. in G.E.A., July igth, 1917; Mentioned in Despatches in P.E.A. 
about October, 1918. 

CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM GREIG, Captain, served throughout Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902 with Thorny- 
croft's Mounted Infantry; promoted Captain 1901; medals: Queen's (six Bars), King's (two Bars); 
served during Zululand Rebellion, 1906, with Royston's Horse, rank, Captain, medal and clasp; 
Lieutenant in I.I. II. in G.S.W.A. 1014-1915: gazetted to ist Carx Corps, i8th October, 1915, rank 
Captain and Adjutant; transferred from ist Cape Corps to Political Service in East Africa in 
September, 1916, and promoted Honorary Major iyth March, 19' 7 

CAMPBELL LINDSAY (Late), Captain, served with i6th (Queen's) Lancers 1888-1894 and had three and 
a half years Foreign Service (India), rank Corporal ;served with C.MR. (Artillery Troop) 1894 to 
1898, rank Corporal: was Staff Sergeant Major Cape Police 1898 to iyO2 and with Western Light 
Horse 1901/1902; saw service during Anglo-Boer War; was on Headquarters Staff, Transvaal 
Volunteers 1903 to 1912, rank Staff Sergeant-Major and Instructor in Musketry, Mounted Drill, and 
Machine Gunnery; Lieutenant Transvaal Cadets 1913/1914; gazetted Captain in Machine Gun Corps 
IV D F.) 7th October, 1914, and saw service in G.S.W.A.. attached to ist Eastern Rifles; released 
from service 3oth September, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps i8th October, 1915, rank, Captain and 
Machine Gun Officer; transferred from Cape Corps, 2ist April, 1917, to S.A. Native Labour Corps 
and proceeded to Flanders -where placed in charge of a Prisoner of War Camp at Boulogne; 
demobilised 2uth January, 1920; died at Tsakos (S.W.A. Protectorate) of erysipelas and double 
pneumonia, 2ist July, 1920. 

BKADSTOCK, FRANK FDGAR, Major, D.S.O., M.C. and liar, joined C.M.R ill 1896, served with them 
during Anglo-Boer War from 1899 to 1902 as N C O., Queen's medal (four clasps), Kings 
clasps); joined ist M.R. (Natal Carbineers) in September, 1914, promoted Lieutenant January, 

i..>.\v..-\. in 1914-1915; released nom services jum jui.,, ly*.}. "" '-.' ,'",, ~ ' ''~ : ~~ T? ' t'ir~;~ 
to ist Cape Corps, joth October, 1915, rank, Captain; transferred to Political Service in East Africa, 
I4th November, 1916 


\V\KR IIFNRI GEORGE, Captain, enrolled in C.M.R. iu 1894; joined C.M.r. (Division II.) in 1896; 
served in Bechuanaland Campaign 1896/1897, medal and clasp; was detailed tor special duty to 
Langeberg, Korranberg and in Kalahari Desert, 1898; appointed Acting Lieutenant Cape Police 
(Division II ) in 1901; acted as Recruiting Officer for Wl stern Light Horse and QueenstOwn and 
District, May and June, 1901, then seconded for seivice to Western Light Horse (Lord Metheun's 
Command) as Captain and Acting Adjutant until conclusion of hostilities ill 1902 when gazetted 
Lieutenant in C.r. (Division II.); Anglo-Boer War, (Jueen's (four liars) anil King's [two Harsi 
medals; transferred with rank of Captain (Inspector) to Southern KliixU sian Constabulary in 
November, 1902 (also J.P.); was at one time O.C., S.R.C. at Salisbury; resigned from S.R.C. in 
1908; gazetted Captain, N.M. Rifles and to ist Cullinans Horse lijth December, 1914); saw service 
during Rebellion in G.S.W.A., and after cessation of hostilities was for a time Chief of Police at 
Windhuk; released from service, loth August, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, iSth October, 
19IS, rank, Lieutenant; served as Assistant Political Officer at Morogoro and Kilossa, East Africa, 
November, 1916, to I-'cbruary, 1917; released from service with ist Cape Co-ps, i7th July, 1917, 
and proceeded to England, where joined 4th S.A.I. (S.A. Scottish) and served with S.A. Brigade- 
in France from September, 1917, to October, 1918, and was wounded at Beaurevoir, 8th October, 
1918; after discharge from hospital was transferred to the Mercantile Marine Reserve and with 
them was engaged in relief work at Archangel (North Russia) from May, 1919; finally demobilised 
about December, 1919. 

ROBINSON, JOHN EBENEZER, Captain, served throughout Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902), first as a 
Trooper in 2nd Brabant's Horse and afterwards as Lieutenant in Q.R.V. Scouts, Queen's and 
Kinn's medals (with five clasps in all); joined ist Imperial Light Horse in .1914 and was promoted 
from Trooper to Lieutenant one lain ; saw service in G.S.'.V.A. for nine months in 1914-1915; 
gazetted to ist Cape Corps as Lieutenant, i8th October, 1915. 

STEVENS, CECIL ERNEST, Captain, served in the Gaika (1878) and '/ululund (1879) Campaigns, South 
African General Service medal and chisp; served in Matabele Campaigns, 1893 and 1896; served 
in Anglo-Boer War, 1900-1902, with French's Scouts, Queen's and King's medals (seven clasps in 
all); served with S.A.S.C. Transport and Remounts (U.D.F.), October, 1914, to October, 1915, rank. 
Lieutenant gazetted to ist Cape Corps, iSth October, 1915, rank, Lieutenant. 

ROBERTSON, DONALD WALTER, Captain, joined C.M.R. in 1895 and .took part in Pondolaiid Campaign; 
left C.M.R. in 1898; served throughout Anglo-Boer War, 1899-190-', first with Remington's Guides, 
1899-1900, and afterwards with W.P.M.R., 1901-1902, rank, Lieutenant, Queen's medal (seven Bars), 
King's medal (two Bars); was one of three selected to represent Remington's Guides on Coru- 
inander-in-Chief's Bodyguard, with which served until same was disbanded on return of Lord 
Roberts to England, when transferred to W.P.M.R., final rank, Lieutenant; wounded in 1901; 
gazetted to ist Cape Corps, iSth October, 1915, rank, Lieutenant. 

MICIIAU, JACOBUS MALAN, Captain, Trooper, Special Service Squadron Natal Carbineers in G.S.W.A., 
1914-1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, iSth October, 191.5, rank. Lieutenant. 

YOUART, STEPHEN, Captain, gazetted to ist Cape Corps, i8th October, 1915, rank, Lieutenant; had no 
other War Service 

DENNISONJAMES EDWARD, Captain, gazetted to ist Cape Corps, iSth October, 1915, rank, Lieutenant ; 
further information unobtainable. 

ANDERSON, WILLIAM PRITCHARD, Major, served during the Anglo-Boer War for two years and 
three months, first as Captain uiid otliccr Commanding Imperial Yeomanry Scouts; after the 
occupation of Pretoria was appointed Assistant Commissioner of Police there; was subsequently 
attached to the Field Intelligence Department on General Babington's Staff with rank of Major, 
graded as D.A.A.G., Queen's and King's medals; saw service with the 2nd I.L.H. in G.S.W^A 
from October, 1914, to July, 1915, rank, Lieutenant; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, joth October, 
1915, rank, Lieutenant. 

BURGER, FRANCOIS, Captain, served in Anglo-Boer War during 1902, first with Colonel Defence Force 
as Sergeant then with Graafi'-Reinct D.M. Troops; was for some months Superintendent of 
Burgher Camp at Krugersdorp; lieutenant, Imperial Light Horse Volunteers, ist April, 1904, to 
30th July, 1908, and was Assistant Adjutant for Musketry for two years; Lieutenant, Rand Rifles 
in G.S.W.A., 23rd October, 1914, to ist November, 1915; seconded to. ist Cape Corps, ist November, 
1915, rank. Lieutenant. 

ASHLEY, SIDNEY, Captain, served during Anglo-Boer War with Army Seivice Corps (Transport), 
Queen's medal; served as Gunner with S.A.F.A. from October to November 22nd, 1915, when 
transferred to ist Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant. 

TANDY, JOHN HUBERT, Captain, M.C., Trooper, Special Service Squadron 2nd M.R. (Natal Carbineers) 
ist November, 1914; was in G.S.W.A. from 5th December, 1914; promoted Lieutenant Native Labour 
Corps in G.S.W.A., March I4th, 1915; seconded to ist Cape Corps, ist December, 1915, rank, 

CUNINGHAM, WILLIAM JOHN HOLLAND, Major, Private in Lothian and Berwickshire Yeomanry, 
igth Co., 6th Regt. I.Y., isth January, 1900, to 26th February, 1901; Lieutenant Imperial Light 
Horse "B" Squadron, 27th February, 1901, to 3oth June, 1902, Queen's and King's medals; 
Lieutenant I.L.H. Volunteers, 1903 to 1904; Lieutenant 2nd I.L.H. in G.S.W.A., 26th October, 1914, 
to 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 3rd December, 1915, rank, Lieutenant. 

PROCTER, WILLIAM WILFRED, has General Service medal for service with C.M.P. in Bechuanaland. 
1896; served throughout Anglo-Boel War, 1899 to 1902, in Cape Mounted Police; in seige of 
Kimberley was Trumpeter to Machine Gun Section, Corporal i9"t, Sergeant 1902, Queen's and 
King's medals; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, rank, Lieutenant, loth December, 1915; transferred 
from ist Cape Corps to 2nd/2nd K A.R. in G.E.A , ist June, 1916; later transferred to S.A. 
General List; was A. P.M. at Dodoma in July, 1917, and at Port Amelia in December, 1917; 
promoted. Captain, December, 1917; demobilised, i9th February, 1919. 

HARRIS, JAMES VAUGHAN (Late), Captain, M.C., was ist Class Trooper in Cape Mounted Police prior 
to Anglo-Boer War; in Anglo-Boer War was Squadron Sergeant-Major in Bcthune's Mounted 
Infantry, 1899 to 1902, LHieer.'s medal (three clasps) King's medal (2 clasps), King Edward's 
Coronation Medal, 1902; served as Trooper with Special Seivice Squadron 2nd M.R. (Natal 
Carbineers) in G.S.W.A. Campaign, 1914/15; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, i6th December, 1915, 
rank, Lieutenant. 

ARNOTT, JOSEPH, Captain, D.C.M., served in Anglo-Boer wW, October igth, 1899, to May, 1902, 
first as Sergeant, Thornycroft's Mounted Infantry, later Sergeant, afterwards promoted Lieutenant 
in Queenstown Rifle Volunteers, Queen's medal (six Bars) King's medal (two Bars); awarded 
D.C.M. at Helpmakaar whilst Sergeant in Q.R.V.; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, rank, Lieutenant, 
and Trans t >ort officer, 2oth December, 1915. 

HALLIER, FRANK COI.LINGS, Captain, served in G.S.W.A. as Lieutenant. Cradock Commando, i9th 
October, 1914, to isth September, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 24th December, 1915, rank, 
Lieutenant; transferred from ist Cape Corps to Political Service in G.E.A., zoth October, 1917. 



ATFVANDER \VIII1AM WATKIN, Lieutenant, served during Anglo-Boer War from October, 1899, to 
lulv 'iJ"' first a-i iTivate in French's Scouts anil afterwards a- intelligent Agent, Queen's and 
kini's medals; joined liraud's Horse iu October, 1914, with rank of Lieutenant and was promoted 
Captain a month later, saw service in G.S.W.A. with 5th -Mounted Brigade; gazetted to ist Cape 
Corps, 2.1th December, 1015, rank, Lieutenant. 

MACINTOSH GEORGE CIIEYNE, Lieutenant, served as a TroOpei ill Graafl Kelliet Commando, igth 
October, 1914, to 7th June, 1915, anil saw service ill G.S.W.A. in April and May, 1915; gazetted 

joined No. African 'Survey Party R.A.I-'., -wth November, nji.\ and proceeded through the 
Sudan to UgumM; engaged on Cape to Cairo Air Route at Niniulc (Sudan) and Jiuja (Uganda) 
until December, 1919; reached England (via Cairo) January 2i,th, 1920; demobilised at Winchester, 

WHITAKER, SAMUEI WIII1CI I'.V, lieutenant, attested in 2nd Imperial Light Horse, Private (No. 561), 
6th November, 1914, and saw service in G.S.W.A.; released I2th June, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape 
Corps, i8th October, 1915, rank, end Lieutenant; transferred to K.A.R. in Hast Africa, i6th June, 
1916; relinquished commission on transfer to Ministry of Munitions In England, nth July, 1917; 
later rejoined army and was in E^ypt and Mesopotamia. 

I'l-'ARSE, DUDLEY KENNETH, Captain, served as Trooper ist M.R (Natal Carbineers) during Rebellion 
and G.S.W.A. Campaign, yth October, 1914, to 2;th July, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 22ud 
November, IQIS rank. Lieutenant. 

STANFORD, FREDERICK WILLIAM CHARLES, Captain, enlisted ill D.E.O.V.R., 2Oth December, 1914. 
rank, Private, and saw service in G.S.W.A.; released front service 30th July, 1915; gazetted and 
Lieutenant in ist Cape Corps, 22nd November, 1915. 

MURCHIE, FINDI.AY, Captain, served as Private in D.E.O.V.R. from I5th September, 1914, to 2ist 
' H tober (about) 1915, and was in G.S.W.A.; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, ist December, 1915. rank, 
2nd Lieutenant; transferred from ist Cape Corps to Post Helium Army in Egypt, July I2th, 1919 
EDWARDS, HUGH, Captain, joined as Private in 2nd Transvaal Scottish, iyth October, 1914; saw service 
during Rebellion and in r,.s.\V.A., (>,-tl>cr, 1914, to August, 1915; promoted Lieutenant (on the 
ticldl April, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, yth December, 1915, rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 
ROSE1\M ; S, TKEYoR PALMER, Captain, "as Corporal in D.E.O.V.R. from August, 1914, to July, 
mis, and saw service in G.S.W.A.; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 2oth December, 1915, rank, zna 

WILSON, ROBERT, Lieutenant, served during Anglo-Boer War from 1900 to 1902 with Northumberland 
Fusiliers, Queen's and King's medals; served . in G.S.W.A., 1914/1915, with S.A.M.R. Artillery 
(Gunner); gazetted to ist Cape Corps, nth January, 1916, rank, and Lieutenant; was attached to the 
koad Corps for some months in G.E.A. 

k AC KM RAW, ERNEST JAMES, Lieutenant, M.C., Sub-Lieutenant Cape Town Naval Cadet Corps, 
ist September, 1913; Private, S.A.S.C. (ist Infantry Brigade Train) Cape Town, 8th August, 1914; 
was promoted C.S.M. isth December, 1914, and transferred to ist Cape Corps, with rank of 
2nd Lieutenant, 27th January, 1916. 

BELL, HARLAND SHINGI.ETON, Lieutenant, served in Anglo-Boer War, 5th October, 1899, to 3oth 
July, 1902; Sergeant in Bechuanaland Rifles to July, 1900; was in siege of Mafeking, later Lieu- 
u naiit in Field Intelligence Department; served as Intelligence Officer to General's Douglas, 
l'.:;!>iiigton, Kekewich, Raleigh, Grey, Fetherstonhaugh, Fortescue and Williams; Queen's and 
King's medals; Lieutenant ist I.L.H., August, 1914, to March, 1916; saw service during Rebellion 
and in G.S.W.A. and was on special Native affairs duty for some time in Ovamboland; gazetted 
to ist Cape Corps, 7th April, 1916, rank, Lieutenant; transferred from ist Cape Corps to Political 
Service in East Africa, ibth June, 1916, with rank of Captain; promoted Honorary Major, March, 
11117; Mentioned in Despatches in East Africa whilst in.Pplitical Service. 

CLi'KE, ROBERT ANDREW. Lieutenant; Private, 2nd D.L.I, during Rebellion and G.S.W.A. Campaign, 
August, 1914, to 3rd December, 1915; enlisted in ist Cape Corps, rank, Sergeant, 4th December, 
1915, and promoted 2nd Lieutenant and Transport Officer, i6th June, 1916. 

HoSACK, JAMES CHARLES (Late), 2nd Lieutenant, served with Special Service Squadron, Natal 
Carbineers, first as Trooper, later as K.Q.M.S. in G.S.W.A., January to July, 1915; enlisted in 
ist Cape Corps, 29th October, 1915, rank, R.Q.M.S.; promoted 2nd Lieutenant, 4th December, 1915, 
reverted to R.Q.M.S. at own request, i-ith December, 1915; again promoted 2nd Lieutenant, i6th 
June, 1916. 

GARDNER, COLLIER SAMUEL HVLTON, Lieutenant, served with Witwatersrand Rifles as Corporal 
and Sergeant, August, 1914, to July, 1915, and was in G.S.W.A.; Corporal with 9th S.A.I, iu 
i.E. A., December, 1915, to February 29th, 1916; transferred to ist Cape Corps at Moshi, G.E.A., 
with rank of Staff Sergeant, ist March, 1916, and promoted 2nd Lieutenant, i6th June, 1916. 
HAVTON, ALEXANDER ARTHUR, Lieutenant, saw service during the Rebellion, 1914, as Sergeant and 
Battery Q.M. Sergeant in Z Battery, Cape Garrison Artillery, and was in G.S.W.A. March to 
June, 1915; full period of service from ?th August, 1914, to 3rd July, 1915; seconded for duty 
as .Sergeant Instructor to Cat>e Corps, November, 1915, and transferred to Cape Corps with 
rank of staff Sergeant, joth June, 1916; promoted 2nd Lieutenant, ist July, 1916. 

WIGMAN, WILLIAM THOMAS, Lieutenant, saw service during Anglo-Boer War; proceeded to England 
with S.A. Coronation Contingents, 1902 and 1911; attested in 2nd M.R. (Natal Carbineers) as 
Squadron Sergeant-Major (No. 2895), I9th October, 1914; saw service in G.SW.A. ; released 23rd 
July, 1915; attested to ist Cape Corps, rank, Staff Sergeant, ist January, 1916, later Company 
Sergeant-Major; promoted 2nd Lieutenant, 2ist July, 1916. 

WHITE, GORDON CHARLES, Lieutenant, enrolled as a Trooper in Colonial Scouts (Natal), 28th 
November, 1899; discharged on disbaiiduient of Corps, i9th Maich, 1900; enrolled as Trooper in 
Natal Carbineers, 24th March, 1900, Queen's medal (two Bars); saw service with Colonial Scouts 
in Zululand Rebellion, 1906; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, ist August, 1916, rank, Captain, later 
reverted to Lieutenant at his own request in order to correct a Staff blunder. 

COATES, HENRY, Lieutenant, served a? Private in Kimberley Town Guard (during Seige of Kimberley) 
October, 1899, to February, 1900, Queen's medal; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 3rd August, 1916, rank. 

HEATON, WILLIAM SMITH, Lieutenant, M.C., served in .East Africa with I..N. Lancashire Regiment 
as C/Sergeant, R.Q.M.S. and R.S.M. from 1914 to August, 1916, and was present at first landing 
at Tanga, 3rd November, 1915; transferred from L.N. Lancashire Regiment to ist Cape Corps, 
nth August, 1916, rank, 2nd Lieutenant; invalided to England and rejoined I.oyal North Lancashire 
Regiment in July, 1918, and still serving with that Unit. 

POTGIETER, MARTIN, Lieutenant, proceeded to England with 3rd S.A.I, in November, 1915; later 
joined Officers Training Corps and promoted Lieutenant in July, 1916; returned to South Africa 
and transferred to 1st Cape Corps, 20th August, 1916, rank, Lieutenant. 



J.OIES, THOMAS EVANS, Captain, served with Cape Colonial Defence For,, c (when a.^cd i'> years) as 
Corporal lor six months, 1901-1902, <Jiu en V medal ; served in /ululand Rebellion, Hj<><>, 
.nid I tar; joined 2nd Transvaal Scottish as Private, Mill October, 1914; transferred to Pretoria 
Regiment as Col sergeant, j;th October, iyi.) ; was acting K.s M ^..tli 1 icecinber, 1914; joined 
Railway Regiment alter occupation of Au>, < ..S.W.A., in April, uii.s as R.S.M. and promoted 
2nd Lieutenant, 2-ith May, uiJ5 ; \\ as -.ent to Cape Town and Johaiinc.-'mrg to rt .staff for 
tlu- South- West African Railways; released from service < >ct>ber, 1915; permission to rejoin 
withheld until i_;th March, ii<it , \vr.t u .ioim <i Ri >cvv<- , it ( Klicrrs at 1'ot rile 1st room and was 
attached to jvd .sA.J ; was sent to G E. A. in ch.irge ol' a Draft, April, lyl<; recalled six weeks 
later to resume duty as Training Mliccr i Ins* rue tor J at PotclieffitfOOm ; seconded to ist Cape- 
Corps, 2oth August, n, id, rank, Lieutenant. 

JAKDINE, U'll.I.IAM, Captain, joined Cape Town llighlandt rs, :st July, ii*8t>, promoted Lieutenant, ist 
January, iSS; ; Captain, Hth Jul.\ , ii u sS; and Majoi , April, 190,5 ; on Active Service during Anglo- 
li< ier War from nlh ' Vlobcr, iSuu, to January, m-'i, Queen's medal ; Major and Field Cornet in 
C,T. Defence Rilles, igij; on \\'ar service in Knyiand and Cap-. Town, January, 11,15, to August, 
191 1>; prevented by ill healtli from joining in August, 1914; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, ,28th 
August, 1916, with rank of Captain. 
I'll AM, RICHARD, M.I. A., I.ieuti nant, gazittul to ist Cape. Corp- 2*th August, i^i's rank 2nd 

Lieutenant. Had no other war s(.-\ice 

i, ESI, IE, A I. EX ANDER, Captain, servetl during Anglo-Boer War in jgno as Private in ist Battalion 
Gordon Highlander-; Queen's medal ; Cori oral, Pretor 1 i Town Guard, August to November, lyi-K 
Inspector ol Accounts {Transport and Remounts) in (ier man South -West Africa, November, 1915, 
to March, zyi'j; gazetted to ist Cape Corps 28th August, jyt'i, with rank of 2nd Lieutenant. 
DE VI 1. 1. IIC RS, ''-1C' >RGK WARRKN, Lieutenant, gazetted to ist Cape Corps 2Mh August, 1910; rank, 
2nd Lieutenant; was Depot Adjutant I WoHcniade and Kimlierk y) from November 25th, lyib, to 
l-'el)ruary ijth, 1918, when transferred to Active Citizen Force i f ". I ).]'.). 

t,ri-;ST. IV< >K ARTHTK MELVILLK d.ati 1 }, Lieutenant, joined Victoria College Volunteers, Stellenbosch, in 
1898; promoted Lieutenant -1899; obtained leave and joined Railway rioneer Regiment in Xovembi.-r, 
1899; promote<l I ieutenant in 2nd liattalion, December, 1900; served throughout Anglo-lioer War; 
Queen's and King's medals; was at Sand River fight and acted for some time as Commandant of 
Meyerton ; enrolled in Wit. Rides, 3 ith Auyust, iyu6; proceeded on active service \\'ith \\'it. Rifles 
to < i.S.W. A. as Lieutenant, ayth October, 1914, and was released 24th July, 1915, with rank of 
Captain ; joined U.D.F. upon its inception and held rank of Captain and Quartermaster, De la 
Rey's Rifles; gazetted to ist Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, 3"th August, 1916. 
THORNTON, II R II., 2nd Lieutenant; in 1914-1915, prior to release from I'.overnment service, served in 
the Pretoria Town Guard during the Rebellion ; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, aist August, 1916; 
rank, jnd Lieutenant; was discharged from ist Cape Corps medically unfit, 7th June, 1917; Joined 
S.A.N.L.C., 29th September, 1917; later transferred to Administrative Staff of the Controller of 
Labour as an Assistant Labour Superintendent; demobilised, 27th March, 1919; rank throughout, 
-*iid Lieutenant. 

II<>\VK-]mo\VNK, NOEL PRANK, Lieutenant, gazetted to ist Cape Corps from S.A.S.C. (Motor Despatch 
Rulers) in East Africa, i<jth September, 1916; rank, 2nd Lieutenant; remained in German East 
Africa on special duty when Battalion left there, 2oth December, 1917, and was seconded to 
Political Service, 2nd March, 1918. No other information obtainable. 

THOMPSON, ROBERT ANDREW, Lieutenant, served during Anglo-Ilocr War from October, 1899, to jist 
May, iyu2, with C.M.P , Division II. ; rank, Lance-Corporal; medals, Queen's (four bars), King's 
(two bars), and Kimberley Siege Star; served in German East Africa as Signaller Corporal, 
Divisional Signal Company attached to .sth S.A IL from April to October, 1916; transferred to ist 
Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant and Signalling < )fi"icer at Morogoro, iSth October, 1916; 
transferred to Political Service in German East Africa, 2ard December, 1917. 
j;AIN, THoMAS, Lieutenant, transferred from 9th S.A. Horse (Private No. 49-Ji) to ist Cape Corps, 30th 

' 'etober, 1916; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. No further Information obtainable. 

STl'HBS, EDGAR PERCIVAI., Lieutenant, M.C., enlisted in Mh S.A. Infantry at end of 1415, rank, Private, 
later Lance-Corporal , and proceeded to East Africa early in lyiti; transferred to ist Cape Corps 
at Morogoro, ^ist October, 1916; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 
WALTON, HERBERT, Lieutenant, proceeded from South Africa to German East Africa in 1916 as a draft 

conducting officer; transferred to ist Cape Corps on 3<ith October, ic>id, with rank of Lieutenant. 
Hi >RsEMAN, GEORGE, Lieutenant, saw service during Anglo-Boer War with S.A.C. (C Division) rank, 
Trooper; period March, IQOI, to May, 1902; Queen's medal; served with 4th S.A.H. in G.E.A., 8th 
December, i<ji5, to ;rd November, 1910, first as Trooper (No. 246) then as Corix>ral; transferred to 
ist Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, 4th November, 1916; from 5th November to 8th 
December, 1917, was act ink' Staff Captain to Brigadier General O'Grady, commanding Column 3 
during Lindi operations in German East Africa. 

i:nt RHILL, AKTIIVR .ERASER, Lieutenant, served during Rebellion and in G.S.W.A. with ist M.R. 
(Natal Carbineers), 1914-15; rank, Trooper; served in G.E.A. in 1916 with 8th S.A.H. (Trooper No. 
5363). transferred to ist Cape Corps at Morogoro, i3th November, 1916; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 
BROWNE, ERNEST HENRY, Lieutenant, atn^ud as \"o. 18 in B'.ocmhof Commando, i4th October, 1914, 
for service during Rebellion; discharged, i5th December, 1914; later was Trooper (No 534) m 4th 
S.A. Horse and saw service in G.E.A.; transferred to ist Cape Corps, isth November, 1916; rank, 
jnd Lieutenant. Further information unobtainable. 

HoFFE, THOMAS MITCHELL 1 1. ate), Captain, served during Anglo-Boer War, i<>th February, IQOI, to j;ist 
May, iy<>2, with s.A. Constabulary; joined as 3rd class Trooper and promoted Lance-Corporal, 25th 
April, n...i; i-^i class Trooper, zist June, 1901; Corporal, i7th July, 1901; Lance Sergeant, nth Decem- 
ber, 10 >i; 2nd class Sergeant, i2th March, 1902; Cornet, ist July, 1902; 2nd Lieutenant, 2nd January, 
1903; and Sub-Inspector, ist July, 1906; Queen's medal (five bars); was awarded the Special Badge 
oi Gallantry Which was awarded to a certain few of the S.A. Constabulary during the Anglo-Bo* r 
War; joined Special Service Squadron, 2nd M.R. (Natal Carbineers) as Trooper, October, 1914, 
promoted Lieutenant a few days afterwards and served to July i7th, 1915, in Rebellion and 
S W.A ; was acting Adjutant for some months; worked in Messrs. Kynocli's Munition Factory 
from September ist, 1915, to November 3oth, 1916; gazetted and Lieutenant in ist Cape Corps, 26th 
December, 1916. 
DIFFORD, ARCHIBALD NEWCoMBK (Late), Lieutenant, Gazetted Jo ist Cape Corps. loth January, 

1017; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. Had no other war service. 

BARNARD, GILBERT RICHARD il.nle), Lieutenant, gazetted to ist Cape Corps, i^th January, 1917; 
rank, 2nd Lieutenant. Had no other war service. 



KOSK-IXNKS, SAMri-:i. HOWARD, Lieutenant, was Staff Sergeant 3rd S.A.F. Ambulance (S.A.M.C.), 
24th January, 191(1, to 2i>th .March, 1917, in German Kast Africa, whin transferred to ist Cape 
Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant. 

J'oYVK R, \\' A l.'l '! Is ' I., iM i, Lieutenant, received Temi>orary Imperial Coin mission as Lieutenant, S.A. 
Reinforcements (Hast Africa), nth Jnly, iyi6; assumed duly at Maktau, G 1C. A., .sth August, iyib; 
and was (i) o.C. Segregation Camp, i2lh August, lyid; I.*) ' >.C S.A. Horse Details, uth October, 
191^; (3) at ladied Stokes < am Brigade, i2th January, i -17 ; (.}) Adjutant IJ.\\M Details, ist March, 
1917; i ran> I erred to ist Cape Corps at Morogoro, inth April, 11)17; rank, Lieu I en an I 

BoTHA, DoTGI.AS l-'RKDKKICK, Captain, was Maehim Gun < ) nicer with the Midland Horse when 
\Var broke out in August, 191.1; was transferred on September i-dh, ua.], to " B " Force under 
I, i en t. -Colon el Mariu at I" ping ton .'is Madiine Gun Officer; was handed over to Ihe Germans at 
Van Rooycii'^ Yki as prisoner of war 011 October 8th, 11114, by Marit/, because he \\'ould not go 
into Rebellion; re!ease<l by ISritish Forces at Tsumeb, t ,.>. W A., oil July 8th, 1915; joined 5th 
S.A.I. 111 October, i<>i5; rank, Sergeant; promoted to Machine Gun officer, 3rd S.A. II., on December 
23rd, U)i=, ; proeeeded to FaM Africa, -loth February, 191(1 ; left Mast Africa per Hospital Ship, 
December i^th, nno; was transferred to ist Cape Corps, ist May, 1917, with rank of Lieutenant; 
transferred from isl Cape Corps to Army of Occupation in L'gypt, 17th May, i<*iu, and ported to 
Hmbarkatiou Stafl' at Suez with rank of Captain. 

McNF.IL, J. (Kale), 2nd Lieutenant, served with the Rand Rifles, Johannesburg Mounted Rillcs and as a 
Sergeant in the Mine Guard during the Anglo-Boer War; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, loth May, 
Mil;, \\illi rank of -Mid Lieutenant. 

riLLAXS, CHARLFS S'JTAKT .MoRTLMFR, Lieutenant, enliste<l in 6th S.A. II. on 4th April, 1916; rank, 
1 1 oope-i i .No. .:>;'>i ; was subsequently promoted to Squadron Sergeant-Major; arrived in I Cast 
Africa on 23rd May, 191(1; granted local rank of 2nd Lieu tenant on 6th June, iui'>; proniou d jnd 
Lieutenant from unattached list 1C. A. P.P. on .nth May, 1917, and attached for duty to the Kuliji 
River Transport Column; transicrrtd to ist Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant on 2j,rd June, 1917. 

>' 't,S( >N, RICHARD, Lieutenant, served as Sergeant in 2nd Brigade Rein foreeiii' -nt s at Dar-cs-Saluam, 
G.K.A., ami was later transferred to 6th S.A.I, (period September, 1916, to June, 1917); transferred 
to isl Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, 2nd July, 1917. 

SAMri'.LSoX, S1YKRT YAFSIv, Lieutenant, M.C., saw service in /ululand Rebellion in 1906; enlisted in 
Natal Carbineers (ist M.K.) as Trooper on 28th September, 1914, and was promoted Sergeant the 
following month and :^a/eiied to commissioned rank (ist Lieutenant) on /th November, 1914; 
.i\\ service dm MIL', i he Rebellion in Northern Transvaal and rpinglon District in lyi j ; landed 
in G S W.A. with ist M.R., i.jth December, 1914; returned to Union at end of G.S.W.A. Campaign, 
July, KM s ; ga/etted to ist Cape Corps, rank 2nd Lieutenant, 2nd July, 1917. 

DKF.YFR, .LU'oWS sTF I'll A N FS (Late), 2nd Lieutenant, saw service in the /.ululand Rebellion in 1906; 
enlisted in Natal Light Horse in October, 1914; rank, Trooper; saw service during Rebellion and 
in G.S.YY. A , mi.] / 15 ; was a prisoner for a few hours at Gil icon (G.S. \V. A.) in April, 1915; 
.mined .jth S.A. Hoist and proceeded to East Africa in 1916; gazetted to ist Cape Corns with rank of 
2nd Lieutenant, ioth July, 1917. 

ROSIvNF.L, KYVALD, 2nd Lieutenant, gazetted to ist Cape Corps, i6th July, 1917; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 
No other information obtainable. 

WAR !',, i ,K< >R ,!. I. A \\' R K NC 1C, 2ii<\ Lieutenant, had two and a half years' service during Anglo-Boer 
War, iX(,g-ignj; oueen's and King's medals (three bars); joined 6th S.A. II. as Trooper for service in 
Kast Aft iea, January, 1916; promoted Regimental Sergeant Mjijor towards the end of the same 
ytar; returned to South Africa and demobilised, January, 1917; gazetted to ist Cape Corps as 
2nd Lieutenant, iMh July, 1917. 

< ,IRD\\ OOD, FRANK ING I. IS, Lieutenant, served during the Rebellion and in G.S.W.A. with ist 
Imperial Light Horse, oth < ictober, 1914, to July, 1915; served with 5th S.A.H. in G.E.A., May, 
i ii't, to February, 1917; ranks, Trooper and Sergeant; gazetted to ist Cape Corps as 2nd Lieutenant, 
i;th July, 1917. 

BLOXAM, F;D\VARD UICRNKY, Lieutenant, saw service during Rebellion and in G.S.W.A. with Krngers- 
dorp Commando in 1914; was Trooper in 4th S.A. M.R. in G.S.W.A., 1914/15; was Trooper in 4th 
S.A. II. in G.K.A., 1916; gazetted to ist Cape Coips as 2nd Lieutenant, iyth July, 1917. 

DAYIKS, MARCH ANT STARR, Lit ulenant, enlisted in ist S.A. Horse in December, 1915; rank, Trooper; 
and was in Kast Africa from January, 1916, to February, 1917; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, aist 
July, 1917; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 

ll-MI'I KK, FRXI>T WILLIAM, 2nd Lieutenant, enlisted in 2nd S.A. Infantry Brigade Reinforcements, 
5th April, 1916, and iiosli-d to (.th S.A.I, in G.K.A., 2ist May, lyio; lr-msferred to ist Cape Corps, 
7th November, 1^17, at Ilatia, G. F..A , with rank of 2nd Li.'Mtctiant ; transferred to Army of 
t K-citpation in Fk'Vpt, 2,sth June, 1919, and posted to ist /4th F>sex Regiment ; transferred to 
2nd / 22ml London Regiment, .slh January, 19211; returned to South Africa ami demobilised about 

YII'AN, CFCIL ARTHUR (Late), 2nd Lieutenant, joined 6th S.A.I., 8th August, 1914; rank, Private 
(No. J4. : ;5) ; discharged :>,th January, 1915; reattested in 6th S.A.I., i7th April, 1916; rank, Private 
No. iijijj); served in F,a.-t Africa, 8th June, 1916, to i4th April, 1917; returned to East Africa, I7th 
i '. tober, nji7; transferred from 6th S.A. I. to ist Cape Corps at Ilatia, G.K.A., with rank of 2nd 
Lieutenant, ;lh November, 1917. 

GIliSON, ARTHUR SARGKNT, 1 ieuk nant, joined C.M.P., Division II., in October, iSg<,; served in 
<!elence of Kuruiiiau ; joined Dcmiisoii's Scouts (Kimberley Column), August, K;OU, became R.S.M., 
i , commissioned to Johannesburg Mounted Rifles in August, 1901, and served with General 
Bruce Hamilton's Brigade until June, 1902; medals : Queen's (one bar), King's (two bars) ; had 
continuous Yolunteer service, K)i>2 to 1914, in J.M.R., K.M.R., and 1. 1. .II.; was one oi live selected 
to represent I L.I I at King * i corse's Coronation in 1911 ; s< t ved iu G.S. \V. A. as Tiooper and 
Sergeant, I. L.IL, and capture*! a German sergeant at Kolmanskop in September, iui,i the first 
enemy pris. jner cajitured in G.S. W. A. ; later took part in advance to < >tavi ; served in Q.B.A. at 
Dai -< sSalaam as Staff Sergeant, A.t '. .'s < iffiec. from April, 1917; ran sf erred to ist Cape Corps with 
rank of :IM\ Lienti nnnt, i7lh November, 1917. 

MOIN, JJASII. HoWARI), Lieutenant, joined i2th Royal Lancers, November 2ist, 1897, at Aldershot and 
serve. I with them throughout Anglo-Itoer War as Con>ral, 1899 to no*; <Jueen's medal (five 
clasps, Kind's nirdal (two clasps) ; served in C.M.I 1 , and S.A .M.R. from September, 1902, to 
August, i'ii i ; took part in " Fcrreira Raid " in 1906 on G.S.W.A. border and operations in 
Damaralaiid against Mareiigo in 1907, and also on North-West IJordcr during German "Ilerero" 
Campaign; holds 1'ennancnt < .'versca's Force?- Long Service in. dal ; < ro-scd (', s.\\'.A. Border as 
Machine Gun Sergeant, 5th S.A.M.K., under General Lnkin in September, mi.); saw s rvicc during 
!!]< Rebellion, am! later was with the Desert Column {Kalahari) under Colonel Ik-rratige; returned 
Irom C..S.W.A. in Novt mber, uji5, and was secoir.Ud for Imperial Servu e ; served in G,.]"..A. from 
if 'lh January, i<jif 1( as I.ieut' nant and Machine G.nn < H'ticer, mth S A.I. i -.rd S.A.I. Bi i 
Mentioned in Despatches for action at " Rast Hans" illimo River), I9th March, 1916; returned 
irom G.E.A. in < tclober, 1917; tJ'ansfcrred to ist Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant, 2ist 
February, 1918. Total service, twenty-two >ears. 



German East Africa; gazetted to ist Cape Corps as -Signalling Officer, i6th March, 1918; rank, 
] ieutcnam. Fuller information unobtainable. 

&nlo-Boer War was in ist Cameron Highlanders 

3"lh August, 1915; R.Q.M.S., 22nd August, 1914, 

Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant. 

in 7th S.A.I , November, igi = ;, Private; promoted in turn I.ancc-Corporal, Corporal, Sergeant, 
and then to Commissioned Rank; was in every eima.u nit nt the regiment took part in ami \va^ 

never away on account of sickness or any other cause during the whole campaign a most 
remarkable record when a very lar.ue number of oiiiccrs and men were so frequently hors re 
combat from fever, dysentery, etc.; returned from East Africa with 7th S.A.I, in January, 1918; 
awarded M.C. in East Africa; gazetted t o Is t Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant, 28th March, 

ANTILL, ALFRED EDWIN JOHN (late), 2nd Lieutenant, joined South African Motor Cycle Corps as No. 
C.M. (85, ;rd March, u.i6; embarked for East Africa, 7th April, 1916; transferred to S.A.S.C. 
as N'o. M.T. 3501 in G.E.A., luth May, 1917; promoted Corporal, ist November, 1917, and Mechanic, 
8th Janury, 1918; disi nibarki d from East Africa, igth February, iqiS; discharged medically unfit, 
loth April, 1918; gazetted to ist Cape Corps with rank of .?nd Lieutenant, 25th April, 1918. 
WALUS, HAROLD, Lieutenant, M.C., served during Anglo-Boer iVar with the Worcestershire Yeomanry, 
ist Division, 1901 to 1902, Queen's medal; attested as Sergeant in Cullinan's Horse Machine Gun 
Section Eastern Force, 27th October, 1914, and was in G.S.W.A.; discharged igth July, 1915; joined 
O.T.C. at Potchefstroom towards end of 1915; gazetted Lieutenant ill nth S.A.I., i/th January, 
1916; transferred to 8th S.A.I., 5th April, 1917, and promoted Captain, ijth April, 1917; was 
Machine Gun Officer in both units; was in G.E.A. with nth S.A.I., 20th February, 1916, to 2ist 
December, 1916, and with 8th S.A.I., I9th June, 1917, to I4th December, 1917; taken prisoner of 
war at Narumgombe, igth July, 1917; released by ist Cape Corps, i8th November, 1917, on the 
Makonde Plateau; awarded M.C. for gallantry in action when in Command of a Machine Gun 
Section at Kondoa Irangi, 9th May, 1916; Mentioned in Despatches, 8th February, 1917; released 
from service, 2Sth February, 1918; gazetted to ist Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant, joth April, 
1918; permitted to retain rank of Captain on demobilisation, 4th October, 1919. 

MOSENTHAL, BERTHOLD PHILLIP, 2nd Lieutenant, saw service during Anglo-liner War from 
December, 1900, to March, 1902, first as Transport Conductor and later as Assistant Press Censor 
at Krugersdorp; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 3oth April, lyiS, with rank of 2nd Lieutenant. 
SOLOMON, REGINALD ROSS, 2nd Lieutenant, served with 5th S.A.I., rank Private, from loth April, 
1916, to srd June, 1917, and saw service in East Africa; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, ist May, 1918; 
rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 

JEPPE, OTTO RICHARD, Captain, served in G.S.W.A. with ist 1.I..H. as Trooper, August, 1914, to July, 

1915; joined O.T.C. (Potchefstroom) November, 1915; served with 7th S.A.I, as Lieutenant, nth 

December, 1915, to January, 1918; was in G.E.A. and wounded at Salaita Hill, mth February, 1910; 

gazetted to ist Cape Corps with rank of Lieutenant, gth May, 1918. 

BUCHANAN, W. J., 2nd Lieutenant, Private S.A. Motor Cycle Corps in G.E.A., February, 1916, to April, 

1918; gazetted to ist Cape Corps as 2nd Lieutenant, 28th May, 1918. 

HILLARY, CECIL AUBREY, Lieutenant, enlisted in S.A. Field Telegraph Corps in December, 1914; 
gazetted Lieutenant and Signalling Officer to 20th Mounted Rifles, i.sth -March, 1915, and served 
in G.S.W.A. until July, 1915; served with the Union Defence Forces in South Africa to December, 
1915; proceeded to East Africa as Signalling Officer to 9th S.A. I. in March, 1916, and served with 
2nd East African Division; invalided to South Africa in March, 1917, arid owing to ill-health 
served in the Tnion for some twelve months on the staff at Robert's Heights and was promoted 
Captain; boarded tit for tropical or semi-tropical service early in 1918 and gazetted to ist Cape 
Corps, ist June, 1918; rank, Lieutenant. 

MACKENZIE, ALEXANDER, 2nd Lieutenant, Sergeant Cape Cyclists (U.D.F.) 8th August, 1914, to 
October, 1915; Staff Sergeant Instructor ist Cape Corps Depot, October, 1915, to 3ist May, 1918; 
gazetted to ist Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, ist June, 1918. 
HIRSCH, JOHN GAUNTLETT, 2nd Lieutenant, served in G.E.A. with S.A.S.C. (M.T.) as Driver (No. 

2780), 1916/1917; gazetted to ist Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, 5th June, 1918. 
MACFAKI.ANE, PETER, 2nd Lieutenant, served in Colonial Defence Force, 27th February, 1901, to 
2yth iHccnibcr, 1901; rank, Private; served with Port Alfred Imperial Mounted Police, 28th March, 
1902, to 3oth June, 1902; rank, Corporal; served with 8th S.A.I., 2cth November, 1915, to 2nd 
August, 1917; rank, Sergeant; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, loth June, 1918; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 
Fuller information unobtainable. 
ADAMSON, FRERE CAMPBELL, 2nd Lieutenant, gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 2nd July, 1918, as 2nd 

Lieutenant (then aged |S>. Had no other war service. 

VAN DIGGELEN, HAKKY CORNELLS, Lieutenant, attested in Transvaal Horse Artillery, nth August, 
1914, rank Corjioral (No. 3065); captured at Sandfontein 20th September, 1914, released July, 1915; 
provisionally released from service, nth September, 1915; taken on strength of ist Mounted Brigade 
Signallers, Private (No. 1007), 28th December, 1915; embarked for East Africa, 3ist December, 1915; 
promoted Cori>oral, 25th January, 1916, and later Sergeant Signaller; promoted to S.A. Signal Coy. 
Western Division), 14111 February, 1917; disembarked at Durban on return from East Africa, 
joth March, 1917; posted to ist S.A. Horse, 28th June, 1917; transferred to Divisional Signal Coy. 
as NI,. ij<>7, 3 oth June, 1917; discharged, 9th July, 1917; gazetted Lieutenant and Signalling Officer 
2nd Cape Corps, loth July, 1917; appointed Transport Officer, jist July, 1917; left Woltemade III. 
for Central Africa, ist August, 1917; returned to Pretoria from Central Africa, 3rd May, 1918; 
transferred to ist Cape Corps in July, 1918. 

WHITFIELD, GEORGE, 2nd Lieutenant, D.C.M., attested i6th February, 1915; rank, Armourer Sergeant;, 
discharged jist August, 1915; gazetted to ist Cape Corps, 2nd July, 1918; rank, 2nd Lieutenant. 
Fuller information unobtainable. 



BUCHANAN, DOUGLAS Hr,,l! FKASEK, 2ml Lieutenant, served in C. EA with S\SC (JIT) 1015 

to 1918; Driver, 1915; Mechanic, 1910; Sergeant Jlechanic 1910/18, (luring which period' was 

attached to K.A.K. i/c JI.T. anil later to 26th Squadron K.F.C. as Driver; gazetted to ist Cape 
Corps as 2nd Lieutenant, 6th July, 1918. 

HALL, ROBERT LANCELOT, Lieutenant, served in G.S.W.A., iglh December, 1914, to 30th July 1915 
as Staff Sergeant G.H.U , Northern Force, lirst with Brigadier General Skinner's Staff and later 
with General Botha's Staff; joined S.A. Wireless Co. (attached R.E.) 3rd February, 1916; served 
in G.E.A., imli April, 1916, to 4th June, 1917. rank, Sappir; disclaimed medically unfit 29th 
November, 1917; gazetted to ist Cap,- Corps as 2:1,1 Lieutenant, oth July, 1918; proceeded from 
Egypt to England oil leave, .-^rd .May, 1919, and was taken oil Staff of S.O. for Demobilisation 
(South African Forces) in London, .(Hi July, 1919; promoted Lieutenant, 6th lanuarv 1030; 
demobilised at Cape Town, i6th February, 1920 

JOHNSON, LYNN CHARLES, Lieutenant, enlisted as Trooper, ist S.A. Horse, loth January 1016' 
promoted Corporal, i.-th February, iyi(,; Servant, nth June, 1910; Staff .Sergeant, mil September' 
1916; and Lieutenant, yth December, min, promoted Kcionl and Attesting Officer for ist Cape 
Corps, 2nd Cape Corps, C.C.I..K. and C.A.H.T.C., 8th January, 1917; atu-sted over 6,700 men for 
above unit- between -Sth January, 11,17, and 7th July, itjH; tiaiist'ened to ist Cape Corps 8th July 
1918; rank, Lieutenant. 

IK H.l. INS, JOHN LEWIS i Late), Lieutenant, joined glh S.A.I., ist December, 1915, rank Private (No. 
6047); saw service in G.E.A. from 7th February, 1916, to i2th December, 1916; released from service 
2oth March, 1917; gazetted 2111! Lieutenant in 21.,! Cape Corps, sth November 1017- transferred to 
ist Cape Corps in July, 1918. 

LOUW, HFNRV, 2nd Lieutenant, joined jrd S.A. II., 301)1 November, 1915; served in GE\ first -is 
Trooper and later as O.M.S.; transferred to K.A.R. with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, August "1917'- 
transferred to ist Cape Corps with rank of 2nd Lieutenant, nth July, 1918. 

SMITH, WAI.TICK KAl.l'II, .-), Lieutenant, attested (No. 683) in 2nd .S.A. Rifles, 9th November 1915- 
promoted Sergeant shortly afterwards and C Q.M.S. on 14111 May, 1916; transferred to 2nd Cape 
Corps and gazetted 2nd Lieutenant on 3rd September, 1917; promoted Lieutenant, 3rd March, 1918- 
transferred to ist Cape Corps, 20th September, 1918; died in Hospital of influenza at Kirnberley 
22nd October, 1918. 

2nd Cape Corps as _md I.ii iitctiaiit, 24th April, 1917; promoted Lieutenant 2Jth October 1917- 
October! ig! ' St CaP6 C rpS ' ;nd October - J 9 l8; died in Hospital at Kimberley of influenza, roth 

Quartermaster : 

DIFFORD, IVOR DENIS, Captain, Trooper W.P.M.R. January to April, 1901 (Anglo-Boer War) Queen's 
medal; Assistant Supply Officer, Docks Depot, Cape Town, rank Lieutenant, 22/8/14 to 13/11/14- 
Supply Officer, Carnarvon, C.I'., 14/11/14 to 13/12/14; promoted Captain and O.C. 3rd Infantry 
Brigade Tram, 13/12/14; served in G.S.W.A., 23/12/14 to 8/8/15; on duty in South Africa with 
S.A. Service Corps, 9/8/15 to 25/9/15, when transferred to ist Cape Corps with rank of Captain and 

Medical Officer's Attached : 

ROBB, ROBERT M. (S.A.M.C.), Captain, attached to ist Cape Corps, 24th November, 1915, and was 
in German East Africa, lOlli February to May, 1916; resigned commission, 2oth June, 1916. 

JIcNIEL, ROBERT PATRICK (S.A.M.C.), Captain, M.C., was attached to 1st M.R. (Natal Carbineers) 
during Rebellion and ill G.S.W.A., October, 1914, to Inly, 1915; attached to ist Cape Corps for 
duty from I3th May, 1916, and \\as in German East Africa from end May, 1916, to December 
20th, 1917; resigned commission, I5th February, 1918. 

DREW, DESMOND (S.A.M.C.), Captain, served in G.S.W.A., August, 1914, to July, 1915, with ist 
M.B.F.A., and attached to S.A. M.R. and Wit. Rifles; served with Ovamboland Expeditionary 
Force, November, 1916, to April, 1917; attached to ist Cape Corps for duty from ist March, 1918. 

BOUWICR, JOHANNES WILLEM (S.A.M.C.), Captain, received commission in S.A.M.C., 23rd October, 
1915; served in Central Africa with Gi ncral Northcy's Force from December, 1915, to January, 
1918; acted as R.M.O., M.O. i/c. Field, Advanced Base, and Base Hospitals; Mentioned in 
Despatches in Central Africa, 25th September, 1917; invalided to South Africa, January, 1918; 
attached ist Cape Corps for duty from 23rd March, 1918. 

DALGLEISH, JOHN W., Captain, M.C., joined Glasgow University O.T.C. in September, 1914; gazetted 
Lieutenant in R.A.M.C., 4th August, 1916; embarked from United Kingdom, 24th August, 1916; 
arrived in Mesopotamia, jiilli September, 1916, and detailed to H3th Indian Combined Field 
Ambulance, 25th October, 1916; promoted Captain, 5th February, 1917; present at capture of Kut 
and advance to Bagdhad, nth March, 1917; mentioned in Sir Stanley Maude's despatches, 2nd 
November, 1917; awarded Military Cross, February sth, 1918; embarked from Mesopotamia, I2th 
April, 1918, arrived at Suez 271)1 April, 1918; served with 5jrd Division in Egypt and Palestine, 
May, 1918 to August 6th, 1919; attached for duty to ist Cape Corps from 24th March, 1919, and 
returned to South Africa with them on August 6th, 1919; arrived at Cape Town, 4th September, 
1919; proceeded to England in December, 1919; demobilised January 5th, 1920. 



'LI y masters : 

LKVHR, CHARLKS JOHN, Lieutenant, served in Aiiglo-IJoer War \vith i>t Scottish Horse as Trooper, 
.February to -Mil May, nj"i, when demobilised owing to severe wound received at Ylakl'ontein ; 
Queen's medal ; joined Kami Killcs as 1'rivate, ; jtli < 'etober, II>M ; transferred in _>nd M.R. (Natal 
Carbineers} in November, 1914, and served in G.S.\V .A , I >< * nt:!rr, i^i-i, to July, 1915; promoted 
Sergeant, April, 1015; appointed Paymaster (rank Lieutenant) ist Cape Corps, i,Sih October, 1915; 
resign- d 1 >< vt 'inber [6th, 1915; was Lieutenant at S.A.I. Depot-., Potchefstroom and Durban, 
22iid l-'ebruary, iQi6, to April, 1917; \\a> t\\o weeks in the lield in G.K.A., in October, 1916; joined 
S.A.N I, C. .jth May, 11117; rank, Corporal; lantle<l in France ist July, 11,17; tranM'erred 10 Labour 
Corps, August, 1918; demobilised jSth March, 1919. Is Lieutenant on Mipernumerary List A.C.l-'. 

in >.\M, llARNliTT, Captain (aetiiiK), was Paymaster ist Cape Corps from December 2 ist, 1915, to 
January loth, 1919; rank, Lieutenant; promoted Captain (acting) later. No further information 


Hoam as Paymaster ist Capr Coi ps, iitb January, KJIIJ, and is still on duty. 

Regimental Chaplain : 

HARl'-JONIvS, ALAN, Captain, served during Anglo-Boer War for eighteen months as Private in Mossol 
Bay Town Guard; appointed Chaplain ist Cape Corps, 28th December, 1915; rank, Captain. 

The following is the record of service of the below named Officers who were seconded from 2nd to 
ist Cape Corps in July, 1918, and proceeded to Egypt with Captain Anderson's reinforcements in August, 

REUNERT, CLIVE, Lieutenant, served with S.A S.M. (attached S.A.R.C.) (Armoured Train No. i) as 
Machine Gunner from 27th September, 1914, to 3ist March, 1915; Gunner S.A.H.A. ist April, 1915, 
to 6th August, 1915; was in G S.W.A. ulh December, 1914, to 6th August, 1915; Machine Gunner 
7th S.A.I, from igth April, 191*), to 22nd March, 1917, in G.K.A.; Jiid Lieutenant, 2nd Cape Corps, 
23rd March, 1917, to joth June, 1918; saw .service in Central Africa; seconded to ist Cape Corps, 
i st J uly, 1918 ; rank, Lieutenant. 

\VHKKL\VRIGHT, WILLIAM DOUGLAS, and Lieutenant, serve-:! in Anglo-Boer War, 1899 to 1902; rank, 
Lieutenant; Queen's and King's medals; gazetted 2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Cape Corps, 23rd March, 
1917; served in Nyasaland and Portuguese East Africa with 2nd Cape Corps in 191;.' lui-S; seconded 
to ist Cape Corps in July, igi8; transferred from ist Cape Corps to isl/4th Kssex Regiment 
(Army of Occupation) in Egypt, 25th June, 1919; promoted Captain and Company Commander, loth 
July, 1919, and snbscfiuently transferred to 2nd ,' 22nd London Regiment ; admitted to hospital 
in Syria, uth December, 1919, and invalided to United Kingdom; demobilised at Cape Town, 
i2th July, 1920. 



NOTE. The rank after each detail is the final rank held by him. The number after each detail is his 
regimental number. 


R.S.M. : Regimental Sergeant-Major. L./Cpl. : Lance-Corporal. 

C.S..M. : Company Sergeant-Major. a/ : Acting. 

K.U.M.S. : Regimental Quartermaster-Sergeant. Pte. : Private 

C.Q.M.S. : Company Quartermaster-Sergeant. D.C.M. : Awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal. 

Sgt : Sergeant. M.M. : Awarded the Military Mcd.,1 

L./Sgt. : Lancc-Scrgeant. S.N.L.R. : Services no longer required. 

Cpl.: Corporal N.C.o. : Non-Commissioncd officer. 

DANIELS, P. A, C.S.M. (i), attested 25/10/15, Sgt. 25/10/15, C.S.M. S/io/i;, demobilised 7/10/19 passed 

neral N.C.I >.'s course 

REINSBERG, }., 1'tc. (2), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
COTTON, R., I'te. (3), attested 25/10/15, died of malaria 23/5/16. 

SCHOLT/., M., Cpl. 14), attested 25/10/15, Cpl. 25/10/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
JACOBS, I., Cpl. (5), attested 25/10/15, Sgt. 25/10/15, reverted at own request to Pte 29/3/17 a/Cpl 

S/7/I8, Cpl. i/ii/iS, demobilised 30/7/19, was first battalion Cook Sat. 
DENNIS, J R., Cpl. (6), attested 25/10/15, L./Cpl. is/io./i?, Cpl. 1/4/18, demobilised 27/8/19, passed 

Urenade di--i har^in^ and ;.;a^ courses. 

DIv VRIES, A,, I'l (7), attested 25/10/15, Set. 25/10/15, accidentally shot at Simonstown on 22/12/15. 
SAMPSON, E. t I'te. (8), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19, qualified Lewis gunner 
BROWN, I), i. (D.C.M. ), C.S.M. (y) attested .'5,10/15, Cpl. 25/10/15, Sgt. 1/10/16, C.S.M. 50/6/17, 

demobilised 8/9/19. 

ANTONEI.SIC, 3 , I'te. (), attesed 25/10/15, ' demobilised 7/10/19. 
WATSON, k., I'te. (n), attested 25/10/15, died of wounds 18/10/18. 
SCHAI.K\VYK, C., I'te. (12), attest. d 25/10/15, rejected 25/10/15. 

DANIELS, A. J., C.O.M.S. (15), attested 25/10/15, C.U.M.S. 25/10/15, died of malaria on 24/12/16 
DK vos, A , I'te. (14), attested 25/10/15, rejected 25/10/15. 
MANi'EL. \Vm., I'll-., (is), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
VAN KOCH, I.., I. ./Cpl. lid), attested Z5/IO/IJ, I. ./Cpl. 25/1.1/15, reverted to Pte. 11/4/17, I.. /Cpl. 5/7/18, 

demobilised 10 7/19, cuialiik-d Lewis gunner. 

HEEOERS, P., Pte. (i;l, attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 8/3/16. 
RUDOLPH, 1,., I'te. (18), attested 25/10/15, I, ./Cpl. 30/6/17, reverted to Pte. at own request on 25/4/19, 

demobilised 21/7/19 

TBTYANA, K., I'te. (14), attested 35/10/15, released medically unfit 26/11/15. 
EKASMTS, \V., I'te. (20), attested 25/10/15, S.N.I..R., 3/2/16 
HEEr.EK, P. !' , C.Q.M.S. 121), attested 25/10/15, C.U.M.S 25/10/15, released medically unfit 18/5/18, 

mentioned ill despatches East Africa. 

JACOBS, J., I'te. (22), attested --5/10/15, released medically unfit 8/8/17. 
DAWS' IN, J , I'te. (23), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 12/11/17. 
HAAS, c '. , I'te. I-'.)), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 16/7/19. 

HENDRICKS, .1, Pte. (35), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 5/3/18. 

KOOPMAN, J. c-,., I.. /Cpl. (26), attested 25/10/15, L./Cpl. 25/10/15, died of blaekwater 26/9/17. 
HOCIISCHIKI.D, J., I'te. (27), attested 25/10/15, rejected 13/11/15. 

DANIELS, A. J., Siit. (2SI, attested 25/10/15, Sgt. 25/10/15, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 
HI'MAN, A., Pte (29), attesti'd 33/10/15, rejected 15/12/15. 
JOHANNES, A., Pte. (30), attesteil 25/10/15, demobilised 9/9/19. 
DAMANT, L., Pte. (31), attested 25/10/15, rejected 15/12/15. 
ARANT.IES, J., Pte. (32), attested ' 2s/io/ 15, released medically unfit 24/9/17. 
JACKSON. \v , Pte. (53), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
JACOBS. I., Pte. <vj), attested 25/10/15, died of malaria il/S/l6. 
COTTON. I', I'te. '(55), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
THOMPSON, W. E-i I'te. (36), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 31/12/17 
HODSKINS, I., Cpl. (',7), attested 25/10/15, Cpl 25/10/15, released medically unfit 2.1/7/17. 
SOLOMON, II., Pte. (38), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 6/7/17. 
KOETENHEKC., W. S., Sut. l.vil, attested 25/10/15, St. 25/10/15, rc-lcased medically unfit 21/12/17, 

nioiiied later under No. 5178. 

JONES, P. W., SKI. (40), attested '25/10/15, Cpl. 25/10/15, Sfrt. 15/10/17, released medically unfit 19/4/18. 
JOHNS! IN, M, Pie 141), attested 26/10/15, released medically unfit 27/4/17. 
PETERSKN, A C., Pte. (42), attested 2'.'i,./ij, died 10/11/17, regimental bugler. 
McCRAIO, A. ]'., Staff-Sirt. Mv'il, attesteil 20/1-1/15, released medically unfit 6/10/17. 
SCHOLT7, M., Pte. '.!;), attested 2(1/10/15, released medically unlit 8/12/15 
c.cMiiiAI.L, W. C., Pte. (44!, attested 26/10/15, rele-ised medic-ally unfit 8/12/15. 
PHILLIPS, J., Pte. (45), -.nested 26/10/15, S.N.I..R. m's/iS. 
WILFOKDT, J., Sitt. (46), attested 2l>/ 10/15, Cpl. 2t5 10 15. Si;t. 14/12/16, demobilised 11/7/19, passed 

physical and K-.vnnrt tonrses 
1'RINCE, P., Pte. (.|7), attested 26/10/15, S.N.I.-R. 38/2/16. 


ADAMS, \ ,s), attested 26/10/15, CpP. 1/10/17, I.. /Sgt. 25/10/17, a/Sgt. 1/8/18. demobilised 

- ! i ihyaica] and l>,iyoin-t IOUI-MS. 

CLARKE, J- H., Pic. (49). attested 20/10/15, Cpl. 26/10/15, inverted to 1'te. 30/3/18, iclcascd medically 
unfit 3/ ll 19. 

MI-'STKIN, F, 1'ti (50), attested 26/10 if, (lied 01 iiillueuza 8/io/iS. 
IHkl), H, Pte. (51), attested 26/10/15, died of abscess on liver 27/9/18. 
VAN HI K POELi M. '".' (53), atieslcd 26/10/15, released medically unfit 3/12/18. 
KIKillA, \V., Pic. (53) attested a6/IO/I5, reli -ascd medically unfit 7/12/15. 
sni.iiMoN, c. J. n'., i. cpl. 154), attested 20/10/15, i.. o.i. iff/io i.--, released medically unfit 15/8/17. 

: V\, '] , I'l.- (-;), allolcd 36/10/15, rejected 29/10/15 

SA.MSCIN, 1', l'n (56), attested 16/10/15, released medically unfit 8/7/17. 
WILLIAMS, II , 1'ti- 1 57), atlcslcd -'' [0/15, rejected 2S/1O/I5 

- ,K< I!-:NK\VAI.I>, A , ru-. (58), .mrstui 26 i- 15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
[ONKI-'RS II, ru (59), attested 20/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
FREDERICKS, .1 . Pie. ("">, .-.nested 26/10/15, demobilised 26/8/19. 
\n.\MS, s, I'le. ii'ii, attesii-d 26/10/15, released medically unfit 85/8/17. 
A1)\MS 1 -I'll i ..: -, attest. . demobilised 16/7/19. 

I'll-Tl-'KSKX, II . I'U- 163), attested 26/10/15, S.N.L-R- 31/1/16. 
. , nested 26/10/15, S.N.I..K. 6/IS/J5. 

FREDERICKS, A., Pte. (6s), attested 26/10/15, rejected 28, 'in 15. 

1 \X, G.j I'tr. (66), attested 25/10/15, S.N.I..R. 7/12/15. 
sciiMi.TZ, II., Pte. 11171, attested 25/io/u, demobilised -, 
KI.IsIN, I 1 ., I'll- (68), .minted 25/10/15, died of influenza i6/io'iE. 
PI"I'ERSEX, J, I'l. (69), an. -I'd 25/10/15, released medically unfit 13/9/17. 
\II-\TOOK, II, Pte. (70), attested 25 10/15, n.intcd 58/10/15. 
MANTEL, P.. a/Sgt. (71), attested 35/10/15, I../Ci>l. 24/6/1-, Cpl. 15 -'10/17, a/Sgt. 1/2/19, demobilised 

ulcd Ilcleian decoration "Chevalier Ordrc <k Leopold," bronze medal. 
KRUGEK. H., Pte. (72), attested 25/10,15, demobilised 7/5/19. 
C.RnVEL, II , Pte. (73), attested 25/10/15, S.N.I..R. 6/12/15. 

III-. KOCK, J., Pte. (74), attested 25/10/15, I../Cl>l. 5/7/1*, Cpl. 1/11/18, reverted to Pte. 28/3/19, de- 
mobilised 4/9/19, passed physical and bayonet training course. 
HAR7.ENHERC., B., Pte. (75), attested 25/10/15, rejected 28/10/15. 
TACKSnx, W , Pte. (7(1), aitested 25/10/15, rejected 28/10/15. 
MANKMAN, J., I'll-. (771, atUsli-d 25 10/15, rejeelnl 

FARu, P., Pte (78), attcsn d -; io 15, died of influenza 8/10/18. 

JEFTHA, N., Pte. (79), attested 25/10/15, released, medically unfit 13/7/17. 

CORNELIUS, A., Pte. (80), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

DEMOS, J., Pte. (Si), attested 25/10/15, S.N.L.R. 6/12/15. 

LE ROUX, C., Pte. (82), attested 25/10/15, S.N.L.R. 28/2/16. 

BOOYSEN, K, Pte. (83), attested 25/10/15, relca-cd medically unfit 15/12/15 

AFRICA, B., Pte. (84), attested 25/10/15, S.N.L.R. 6/12/15. 

ADAMS, J., Pte. (8s), attested 25/10/15, S.N.L.R. 7/12/15. 

PAULSE, A., L./Sg't. (86), attested 25/10/15, U/Cpl. 25 '10/15, Cpl. 25/9/17, L./Sgt. 15/10/17, demobilised 


DANIELS, A., Pte. (87), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 21/12/15. 
JEFTHA, C., Cpl. (88), attested 25/10/15, Cpl. 9/2/16, released medically unfit 12/11/17. 
ADAMS, L., Pte. (89), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 29/11/15. 
A11R \IIAMS, I., Pte. (90), attested 25/10/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
1 KAN/.MAN. S, Pte. run, attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 15/10/17. 

i-HHRUARY, M. (D.C.M.), Sgt. (92), attested 25/10/15, Cpl. 25/10/15, Sgt. 30/9/16, a/C.S.M. II/Q/I7, 
Sgt. 11/10/17, demobilised 27/8/19, passed txjmbiuu conrs<-, meiiiiom-d in despatches (East Africa) 
MARTHINUS, ,A., Pte. (93), attested 25/10/15, rejected 28/10/15. 
AHKI. \AXSE, A., Pte. (94), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 6/6/18. 
ABRAHAMS, M., Pte. (95), attested 25/10/15, released medically unfit 9/3/17. 
SMITH, .1 , Pie |6], attested 26/10/15, released medically unlit 7/6/16. 
DAVIDS, J., C.Q.M.S. (97), attested 26/10/15, C.Q.M.S. 21/4/17, demobilised 31/12/19, twice mentioned 

in despatches (East Africa and Egypt). 

DRISCOI.L, J. J., Cpl. (98), attested 26/10/15, Cpl. 1/10/17, demobilised 5/2/19. 
I1TRTS, J., Pte. (99), attested 26/10/15, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 

KES, K., Pte. (100), attested 26/10/15, L./Cpl. 59/6(17, reverted to Pte. 12/3/18, demobilised 7/0/15. 
mentioned in despatches (Hast Africa), awarded Belgian decoration "Chevalier Ordre de Leopold," 
bron/c medal. 

IIAC.KK, M \ , Pie. (MII, attested 26/10/15, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 
AYI.TFF, C., Pte. (102), attested 26/10/15, rejected 28/10/15. 
SKuNDI.AS, J., Pte. (103), attested 26/10/15, S.X1. R. 7/7/17. 
JASSEN, H., Pte. (104), attested 26/10/15, demobilised 25/12 '18. 

I.MCEY, S. F, Sgt. (105), attested 26/10/15, Sgt. 1/11/15, released medically unfit 14/6/18. 
CRiiSS. M \V , I'l. (106), attested 30/10/15, released medicallv unfit 3/15/17, regimental bugler. 
MILLER, J., Pte. (11171, attested 30/10/15, L./Cpl. 29/6/17, reverted to Pte. 12/3/18, demobilised 15/1/19. 
DE BRUIN, C., Pte. (108), attested 30/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19, mentioned in despatches (East Africa). 
DANIELS, D., Pte. (109), attested 50/10/15, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
BAOLEY, B. C., Pte. (no), attested 30/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19, regimental bugler. 
McLEOD, W. T. (M.M. French), C.S.M. (in), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 25/10/15, C.S.M. 18/9/16, released 
medical unfit 24/9/17, did provost and transport duties, mentioned in despatches (East Africa). 
PEAKE, H. F.., Pte. (112), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
JACOBS, A., Pte. (113), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 8/7/17. 
JACOBS, H., Pte. (114), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
GOODHEART, \V., Pte. (115), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
DREYER, P., Pte. did), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
u t'.rsT. J , Pie. (117), attested 27/10/15, died of pneumonia 2i/ii''7 
SAMSON, C, Pie. (118), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
DU TOIT, I', Cnl. (no), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 18/6/18, Cpl. 1/11/18, demobilised 7/9/19, passed 

grenade discharging course. 
HOLLAND, C., Cpl. (120), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 24/6/17, Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 7/9/19, passed 

scout course 

BARKI.EY, H., Pte. (121), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19, qualified machine gunner. 
MILTON, S., a/1,. /Cpl. (122) attested 27/10/15, a/L./Cpl. 1/2/19, demobilised 7/9/19, qualified Lewis 


M-'.I'IER, K., Pte. (123), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 23/10/19. 
WHITTEN, W., Pte. (124), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 



SMITH, \V., Fte. (125), attested 27/10/15, S.N.L.R. 26/11/15. 

MILLEK, C. I., Sgt. (lit,}, attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 27/10/15, Sgt. 1/4/18, demobilised 7/9/19, ist class 

machine gunner. 

MAY, H, Sgt. (127), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 27/10/15, released medically unfit 19/6/17 
TOEGT, C., I.. /Cpl. (128), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 17/1/16, released medically unfit 16/8/17. 
MN i:i:RGH, C. .1., I'te. (uy), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 11/5/17 
THVXSMA, F. P., Pte. (130), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19 
AI'A.MS, A., Pte. (131), attested 27/10/15, S.N.L.R. .' 12/15. 
KTITKUS, C. A C.S.M. (1.52), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 25/10/15, O.S.M. 10/12/16, demobilised 9/10/19. 

mentioned in despatches (Hast Africa), passed gem-mi course. 
Mil, TON, 3. C., Pte. (133), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
liAKNUS, G, Pte. (13.1), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 
WAI.KKK, A. C., I'K. (135), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 17/1/16, reverted to Pte. 17/2/17, released medically 

unfit 18/9/17. 
I.r.\VIR, c. C,. I., Pte. (136), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 11/11/15. 

PI.ESSIS, E., Pte. (137), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 27/10/15, reverted to Pte. 12/4/17, S N I. R 4/11/18 
ri-.AKK, .!. \V., Sgt. (138), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. aj/ D/ 15, . released medically unfit 24/1^1- 
MbAGIE. S., L./Cpl. (139), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 15/10/17, passed grenade discharging course, 

killed in action 18/9/18. 

Vi>i;o.T, A., Pte. (140), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 2-/TI/I? 
TK1EGAARDT, L., Pte. (141), attested 27/10/15, S.N.L.R. 6/2/17. 
ABRAHAMS, A., I'te. (142), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 12/7/18. 
I.E GRANGE, C., Sgt. (143), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
S'lnKES, \V., Pte. (144), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

HEBER, II. J., Sgt. (145), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 27/10/15, died of blackwater 22/3/17 
SMITH, H. E., Pte. (146), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 27/10/15, reverted to Pte. 31/12/18, demobilised 

-'i ; in, passed physical and buyonci courses. 

urssiCL, J. c., a/I../Cpl. (147), attested 27/10/15, a/L./Cpl. 18/6/18, killed in action 20/9/18 
HOPLEY, J., Cpl. (i.|8), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 16/10/16, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (149), attested 27/10/15, S.N.L.R. 8/12/15. 

.ESTER, J., Pte. (150), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 
Dl'SART, J. A., Cpl. im), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 27/10/15, reverted to Pte. 17/11/16, Cpl. 15/10/17, 

demobilised 27/0/19. 
CAI.YEKT, C. iD.C.M.), a/R.S.M. (153), attested 27/10/15, C.S.M. 18/9/16, a/R.S.M. 23/9/19, demobilised 

21/10/19, mentioned in despatches (East Africa), passed N.C < >.'s -jcm-ml course. 
DIXON, J, a/L./Sgt. (153), attested 27/10/15, a/L./Cpl. 18/12/16, a/Cpl. 4/5/17, Cpl 30/6/17, a/L./Sgt. 

16/10/18, demobilised 21/7/19, passed musketry and grenade discharging courses. 
BROOKS, R., Pte. (154), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 
VOSLOO, J., Pte. (155), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 
VOSLOO, A., Cpl. (156), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 18/12/16, a/L./Sgt 16/10/18, Cpl. 20/12/18, demobilised 

21/7/19, passed scout course. 

AFRICA, S., ptc. (157), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 26/2/17. 
WIENAND, C., Pte. (158), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
ERENTZEN, A. G., Sgt. (159), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 27/10/15, Sgt. 8/12/16, released medically unfit 

JuIIAR, G., Sgt. li(>), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 21/10/16, Sgt. 11/12/16, demobilised 21/7/19, qualified 

machine gunner 

I,E ROUX, M. (M.M.), L./Cpl. (161), attested 27/10/15, Cpl 1/4/18, reverted to L./Cpl. 18/1/19, de- 
mobilised 21/7/19. 

MARTIN, G., Pte. (162), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 31/7/16. 
LANDSMAN, A., Pte. (163), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
BENJAMIN, A. G., SKI. (Ki.|), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 27/10/15, Sgt. 1/4/18, demobilised 8/8/19, passed 

musketry course. 

GEORGK, A., Pte. (165), attested 27/10/15, died of wounds 27/11/17. 

CLARKE, A., Pte. (166), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 
HARTWICK, F., Pte. (167), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 23/8/17. 
ABRAHAMS, H. G., Sgt. (168), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 27/10/15, L./Sgt. 14/12/16, Sgt. 15/10/17, 

died of pneumonia 30/10/18. 

FELTON, A. C., Sgt. (169),' attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 27/10/15, died of malaria 2/11/16. 
CAMPBELL, T, Pte. (170), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 28/10/19 

JOHNSTON, H., L./Cpl. (171), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 21/11/17, demobilised 16/7/19. 
GREEN. S, Ptc. (172), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 10/5/18, a/Cpl. 7/2/19, reverted to Pte. 10/3/19, 

demobilised 21/7/19. 

AKENDSE, A., Pte. (173), attesftd 27/10/15, released medically unfit 14/8/17. 
DE VILOERS, P., Pte. (174), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 

ARRISON, A., Cpl. (175), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 1/4/18, demobilised 12/12/19, passed gas course. 
MULLEE, E., Pte. (176), attested 27/10/15, S.N.L.R. 26/11/15. 

1 BAHRENSE, W., Pte. (177), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 15/4/18. 
FEBRUARY, S., Pte. (178), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
JOSEPHS, J., Pte. (179), attested 27/10/15, died at Stcllcnl.osch Hospital 4/9/17. 
GORDON, J. H., Pte. (180), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 25/12/18. 
PETERSEN, J., Pte. (181), attested 27/10/15, S.N.L.R. 7/6/17. 

OLIESLAGER, A., Sgt. (182), attested 27/10/15, Sgt. 29/10/15, died of celebral malaria 6/3/17. 
PRETORICS, I. C., Pte. (183), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 
WI1BOOI, G., Pte. (184), attested 27/10; 15, released medically unfit 13/12/15 

JAFTHA, F., L./Cpl. (185), attested 27/10/15, L./Cpl. 1/4/18, died of wounds 20/9/18, passed gas course. 
PRETORIITS, J., Pte. (186), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 28/12/15. 
NAMGOE, K., Pte. (187), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 25/12/18. 
VAN ROO\EN, C, Pte. (188), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 12/11/17. 
WAGNER, J., Pte. (189), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
AFORD, A., Pte (190), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 2-/I2/I5. 
ARMSTRONG, J. VV., Pte. (191), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
MATTHEWS, J., L./Cpl. (192), attested 27/10/15, L /Cpl 27/10/15, released medically unfit 24/9/17. 
CUPIDO, D-, Pte. (193), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 21/7/19, passed trench warfare and bombing rnursi^ 
CARELSE, J., Pte. (194), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19, pioneer plumber. 
HEZUITENHOUT, A., Pte. (195), attested 27/10/15, released medically unfit 14/2/18 
VAN BE'JLEN, T>., Pte. (196), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 
WITBOOI, H., Cpl. (197), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 21/7/19. 
PHILLIPS, D.. Pte. (198), attested 27/10/15, demobilised 4/1/20. 
HEZUIDENHOUT, J., Pte. (199), attested 27/10/15. released medically unfit 28/6/18. 



l;iiuVM''N, J, Pte. (300), attested 17/10/15, demobilised 16/7/19, passed field c. okery. 

OLIVER, J., 1'ti-. U">D, aitc-te.l 27 i" i.,, rcle-ase-d medically unlit 17/1/16. 

JAKENS. J, Pte. UM2), attested 27/10/15. demobilised 26/12/18 

p.H'CKY, 1'., I, ./Cpl. (203), aitcstcd 27/10/15, I.. /Cpl n ' 7 i. 1 - 1 , demobilised 16/7/19, passed physical and 

b.ivollct c..llrscs. 

Arc.t'STl'S, W., St. (204), attested 27/10/15, Cpl. 28/10/15, SKI. 34/6/17, demobilised 7/10 19, passed gas 

'i mrse- 

ARKM>s.E, A. J., 1'tf. (20;), attested -28/10/15, released medically unfit 11/8/17 
1:1]. 1, 5, l'ie. . .leased medically unlit 26/9/17. 

ADAMS, I. M, I'll'. I -'"71, attested 88/10 15, demobilised 7/9/19, C.d.'s eliauffeur. 
AMST!-'KI>.\M, \V , 1':. . M , released medically unlit 27 '7/17. 

SASSK. C. 1), R.U.M.S. (209), attested 28/10/15, C.Q.M.S. 28/10/15, a/R.Q.MS. 25/3/17, R.U.M.S. 15/i/lS, 

tn Tnited Kingdom oil leave 5/3/10, demohilised 30/9/19, mentioned in despatches iKast Africa). 
Kl'SSKX, \V . I. Cpl. (aio), Bttesl ts, I../Cpl. 1/4/18, demobilised 7/9/19 

DAVIDS, 1 , I'te. (211) iitlested 28/10/15, released medically unfit 25 
CdET/K, A., Sgt. (Ji.'l, attested 28/10/15, Sgt. 1/8/16, died of pneumonia 26/8/18, mentioned in 

despatches (East Africa), passed physical and bayonet courses 

YII.IdKX. A, Cpl t2i_U, attested 28 10,15, C'IM . relcas.-d m.-dically unfit 2; 

orri/UM \N, \, l'ie 1214), alKslid 28 10/15, SXI..R. 2/12/15. 
Dl" Ti'I'l 1 , I!, I'te !2i;l, attesled 28/io'i5, released medically imfil 6.'il,'i7 
I1ISH01', H., I'te. 1210), attested .'S/io/1.5, demobilised 21/7/10. 
JOIIXSdX, (, , Cpl. 1217), atlcsti,: . i..,-Cpl. 7.12/16, Cpl. 14/12,1", died of fever and diarrhoea 

19/2 ; 17. 

i RoHXi-WAi.D, J, rte. (218), attesu-d uS/io/rs, demobilised 25/12/18. 

SAMPSON, J, SKt. (2inl, attestid J8/IO/I5, Sgt 28 10/15, nleasul medically unfit 6/11/17. 
HlOIos, D (MM I, I'te (320), attested 28 10/15, I.. Cpl i |/l8, reverted to Pte. 6/4/19, demobilised 

7/9/11), nuntiomd in despaiches ll\a^t Afriv-a). 
WAJ.TKKS, X., I, ./Sgt. (221), attested 28/10/15, Cpl. 15/10/17, I v . /Sgt. l'4/iS, passed bombiug course, 

kille'l in action Jo 'g 

I'I-:TI-:KSHX, j., PU-. 1222), attested 28/10/15, demobilise^] 21/7/19. 

1IKXI1RICKS, I'., SKI. 122;-), attested js i ., 15, Sst. 28/10/15, released me-dically unlit 6/12/18, mentioned 

in despatehes ll'.ast Africa) 

HKNDKICKS, C., I'te. (224), attested 22 11 15. rele-aseel medically unfit 24/2/18. 
JANSKX, I.., Pte. 122.51, attested 22/H/I5, demobilised 10/7/19. 

KIVIDO, J., Pte. (22'ii, 'ttested 22/xi/is, released medically nntit 25/1/16 

KI.IU.N, J, l'ie. 1227), attested 22/11/15, rejected 21/12/15. 

HK()\\'X, .1. (',., I'te (J2.S), attesle<l 22/11/15, re-leased medically unfit 3/3/17, bugler. 

McLAKI'X, I). !)., Pte. (220), attested 22/11 i=, di-niobiliscd 30/12/18. 

JCISKI'H, 11, Pte. (230), attested 22/11/15, released medically unlit 26 '9/17. 

IIKRKIXC,, C., I, ./Cpl. (2-,i), attested 22/11/15, I,. /Cpl. 22/11/15, released medically unfit t6 11 17. 

STAPI.I'R, W., Pte. (aja), attested 22/11/15, SX.I..R. 3/2/16. 

JACOI1S, J., Pte. (233), 'attested 22 ' 1 1 '1 5, demobilised 7/9/19. 

D(i\\'\I \('., G, Pte. (234), attested 28/1.1/15, demnbilis.-d -V'IO/IQ. 
T-'OKBF.S, !:., Pte. (2i5)| attested 28/10/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

K.'X, C., Cri . tttested 28'!" 15, Cpl. 1/3/17, demobili-, d ,1/12/18. 

DANKKRS, W , Pte. (237), attested jS/i'./i^, dieil of wounds 24 '9/18. 
SOBERTSON, W., Pte. (238), atti-sied 28/10/15, S.X.L.R. 31/1/16. 
Ci U. I. INS, A, I'te (2vi>, atle-station cancelled. 
DULI.ISEAK, J. X., a/C.Q.M.S. (240), attested 28/10/15, Cpl. 28/10/15, Set. 30/6/17, a/C.Q.M.S. 23/9/18, 

deilKibilised 21/7/19, passed bombing 

snninxs, I) K, Cpl. 1241), attested 29/10/15, T,./Cpl. 23/3/17, Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 1/1/19. 
JAXT.rKs, c. , Pte. (24, attested 29/10/15, demobilised 28/10/19. 
IM'Ri'. !: RS. J , rte., attested 29/10/15, released medically unfit io/2/iS. 
P.rKr.KK. T., T'te. (244), attested 29/1" 15, d< mobilised 21/7/19. 
WI'.RM'Ks, II., I'te. (2.|O, atteste.l , [0 15, re-leased me-dically unlit 11/8/17. 

PIET]-RSI-:x. J., Cpl. (246), attesi.d 29/10/15, Cpl. 17/2/17, demobilised 7/9/19 
PIXKT'PN, H, I'te '.-17), atleste-d 29/10/15, S.N.I.R. J/I2/T5 
DOXdc-.Iiri.-., II., pt, (248), atte-ste-d 29/10/15, S.XI..R. -'i 

BENJAMIN, H., Pte. (240), attest<-d 20/10/15, L. /Cpl. 1/4/18, reverted to Pte. 25/10/18, demobilised 7/9/19 
\D.\MS. G., Cpl. (25'>l, attested j,, ',,,', 5, Cpl 5/7/17, released llie-dieallv 1111111 29 '111/17. 
WII.Si'X. A., l'ie. I2;i), altested _") 10/15, 'lied of intluen/.a 12/Io'lS. 

JACOBS, W., I.. /Cpl. (252), attested 29/10/15, I.. 'Cnl. J9/IO/I6, n lease.) medically unfit n/9/17. 
NIEKERK, J., Pte. (253), attesti , died of wounds 6/11/17. 

I.ICVKNliAI.. r. , Pte. (254). attested 29/10/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 
FREDERICKS, S J., S K t (255), attested 50/10/15, Sut. -,0/10/15, <lemobilised 8/10/19, passed physical and 

ba\onet course-. 
KY7.ER, C. R, Set. 1256!, attested JO/ 10 /IS, I.. /Cpl. i/-,'i7, Cpl. 16/4/17, Sgt. 24/6/17, <lied of influenza 


KY/E.K, I) A, I'te (257), attested JO/10/15, demobilise! 7/9/19. 

JACfil'.s. R A, Cpl 158), attested 10/10/15, Cpl. 30/10/15, released medically unfit n/;'J7 
JACdl;>, D P., Pte (259), atlest.d jo/IO/15, demr-biUsed 5 '1/19. 
EINNEAR, I> .1. PI .nested 30/10/15, demobilisi-d 21/7-10 

CORNs. ;; . i cpl ':', attested 30 [o 15, I, Cpl. n. 11 i. 1 -', demo'iilise-d 7/9/19, passed bombing and 

trench warfare c..ui--(s. 

II'RXKR, I', I't". 1262), altested 30/10/15, de-mobilispd 7/9/19. 
FRANCES, D. l'i (363), attested 10/10/15, died of malaria 27/^/16. 
AI.I-.X \XDKR, D , Pte. (264), attested 30/10/15, demobilised 25/12/18. 
Mil l.s, li, l'ie (265), attested jo/IO/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
P , attest , demobilised ji/7'iq j, pi, ? ), attested 10/10/15, .'--mobilised 7/9 

MOODY, I, I'te (268), attested [5, died of malaria 15/6/16. 

Rl'ITERS, J. iM Mi. Cpl '"..I, attested 30/10/1.5, Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 6/8'i9, passed scout and 

sniping courses 

rrni.u.DKK, G., rte (270), attested jo/io/is, demobilised 7/9/19 
I-REEMAN, \V., Pte. (271), attested 30/10/15, demobilised 22/7/19, passed bombing and trench warfare 

courses, qualified i.e'\-is gunner 

SMITH, \\ , Pte (272), attested 30/10/15, released medically .inlit 29/5/18 
IIAT'IT, C , I't (273), attested -,0/10/15, re-lensed medically unfit 50/9/18 
OE KOCK, C., I'te. (2;4>, atlested 30/10/15, S.X.I. R. 5/8/18 
JOIIXSOX, M.. Pte. (275) attested 50/10/15, released medically unfit 9/3/17 
\VIXDl-dRIi, H, rte. (276), attested 50/10/15, demobilised 16/9/19. 



SIMPSON. J., 1'ti.-. (277), attested 1/11/15,, demobilised 11/7/19. 

ABRAHAMS, II \V IDC.M., M.M.), Sul. (278), attested 1/11/15, I../Ci)l. 15/10/17, Cpl. 25/10/17, Sat. 

25/3/18, demobilised 7/10/19 

JOSEPH, C. I., I'tf. 1279), attested 1/11/15, died of malaria 1910/16. 
CARROI.I.ISSKX, J , Sgt (a8o), attested 1/11/15, Sst 1/11/15, a/C.S.M. 22/11/17, s fc -t. 2/8/1$, demobilised 

.;[ i j Hi, nienliomd in dispateht> Kast Africa). 

I.-or.KKTSox, !'., Pic. i2il, attested i 11/15, S.X.I. K. :i/i2/iS- 
i'i'"i FRSEN, J., I'tc. (282), attested i 11 n, demobilised 7/11 
JONATHAN", \V. M, L. /Cpl. (283), attested i 11/15, I.. /Cpl. 30/6/17, demobilised, machine gun 


YKI.PSMAX, C., SKI. i-'^-il, attested 1/11/15, Sut. 1/11/15, killed in action 20/9/18, passed musketry course. 
OCToP.KK, C. II., I'te -" : I, .itti sled 1/11/15, demobilised 6/1/10. 
PIIII.III'S, !' , 1't:-. (2-icil, attested i/u/n, released medically unlit 7 (1/17. 
WINDVOI., I, Ptc. US;), attested 1/11/15, S.X.L.R. 31/1/10. 

1'ETF.KSKX, '., I'te IJ88), attestation cancelled. 

ISAACS, J., l'l< (389), alle-led i 11/15, released medically unfit J/IO 17. 

BAKBIKK, I,., I'le. . .., i, attested 1/11/15, released medically unfit 33/1/18. 

HAl'l'T, \V , Pte. (S9IJ, attested 2/11/15, released medically unfit 23/2 

ASPELING, 8., Pi'- -.>. attcsti d 2,/n i;, released medically unlit 17/1/16. 

I-'ORTTIN, 1'., I'te (393), attested 2/II/IS, S.N.I..R. 2S/2,'l6. 

HARRISON, C, I'te. 12114!, attested 2/1] 15, demobilised 7/10/19, passed treneli warfare and bombing 


OCTOP.KR, C., I'te. (21,5), attested 2 / u / 1 1, demobilistd it,': l'i. 
I'.ASsoN P., Pte. (896), attested 2 11,15, demobilised 16/7/19. 
\VYN'i'.AARl>, (',., rte. (2H7), attested z/n 15, released medically -unfit 7/12/15. 
SCHAI.KWYK, 1'., l'l<-. i2>iS), attested 2/11/15, demobilistd 7/10/19. 
VAN WYK, I'., I. ./Cpl. (2.w), attested 2/11/15, a/L./Cl)l. Ji/IO/I?, a/Cpl. 19/10/18, I,. /Cpl. 23/1/19, 

demobilised 7/10/19. 

KAMI'S, J., I'te. (300), attested 2/11/15, released medically unfit 13/9/17- 
C.KKYliK, J., Pte. (301), attested 2/II/Ig, rek ased m-dically unfit 8/7/17. 
MINAAR, 1), I'te (302), attested 2/11/15, released medically unfit 30/9/18. 
SMITH, A., Sgt. (303), attested 2/11/15, Cpl. 3/11/15, Sgt- 2/11/17, demobilised 24/8/19. 
MIENTIKS, J., i'le (304), .-united 2/11/1,5, released medically imiit 30/4/18. 
KROT/ICN, S., I'te lV'5), attested 3/11/15, released medically unfit 13/10/16. 

I .11 n'l'.KlNC., II, I'te. (306J, attested 2/II/I5, demobilised 3/19/18. 
VAN Hin-'RDl'tN, (',., I'te. '(307), attested 2/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
MKYI-KS, C,., I'te. UoS), attested 2 '11/15, released medically unfit 25/2/18. 

FRANKS, R, Cpl. (3 , alt. sled 1/11/15, L. /Cpl. 3/11/15, Cpl 1/10/16, demobilised 30/11/19, qunllhed 

first-class signaller. 

Hl'TCHINSON. K. (D.C.M.), C.S.M. (-.10), attested 2/11/15, Cpl. 3/11/15, Sgt. 1/10/16, C.S.M. 30/6/17. 
deinobili-.' . passed . neral N.C.O.'s course second-class. 

STRYDIIM, T., ;i I. Sv.i 1311), attested 2:11/15, a/Sut i'2/i7, Cpl. 1/4/18, reverted to I'te. 31/3/18, 
a I /S;4t - !), demobilised 21 7/iy, machine ^1111 section. 

DRFYFK 1' Sttt (312), attested 1/11/15, I.. /Cpl. 5/11/15, Cpl. 18/15/16, a/8gt. I/4/l8, Sgt. I/7/I8, 
dcmobili-ed .., 7 i,,, j-assed bombins:. musketry and grenade dischareing cii-rsis-. 

DAVIS '1 , 1'ti- 151?), attested 2/11/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 

PITT, V, , Pte (314), allesud 2/11/15, died of malaria 1/8/16. 

HAYNKS, J., I.. Cpl. (-,15), attisted 2/11/15, I,. /Cpl. 3/Ji/IJi released medically unfit 20/11/17. 

l'i \-\TII-'S, C, I'le. I wit), attested 2/11/15, released medically unlit 21/11/17. 

STOWMAX, J. C., Pte. (-,171, attested 2/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. . 

AHRAHAMSK, M J. St! (<iS). attested 1/11/1$, Sut. 3/"/I5i demobilised ZI/7/I9, passed physical and 
bayonet courses. 

Mcl'IIF.KSox, II., Pie ijui), attested 4/11/15, demobilised 25/12/18, medical orderly 

ISAACS. \v., Pie (320), attested 4/11/15, demobilised 1,5/10/19. 

DANIELS, C., Cpl.' 1321), attested 4/11/15, Cpl. 15/10/17, a Set 5/7/18, Cpl i u/lS, tKnioUlll=<:a 
21/7/19, passed Has course, second-class. 

V\X \\'I'I.I.I1'.(,H, C, Pie 1322), attested 4/11/15, leleased medically unht 13/9/17- 

KOCK. C., rte. (521). attested .1/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19 

A!)AMs., C., I'te U2.|), altested 4/11/15, denjobihsed 8/9/19- 

UU Tl'IT, J., I'te. (325), attested 1/11/15, released medically until 3/9/17- 

nill.ANDKR, \Y , I'le. (326), attested 4/ti/TS, demobilised 16,7/19. 

Hl-.NKY. K. 1- , S-jt. (327), attested 4/11/15, Sjjt. 2u'i2/i5, released medically unfit 17/7/17. 

[ACOBS, \V., I'tc. (-,2X), attested 4/11/15, S.X.I..K. 2h/7/i8 

BROWN, J., I.. /Cpl. (529), attested 4/"/i5, !.,/Ci.l. 1/9/18, demobilised / ii / 19- 

RICH\uis .\ I Cpl 330), attested 4/11/15, I<./Cpl. 4 /"/i.S, released medically unfit, 29/10/17. 

SWART/' J. (li.CM.I, Sgt (331), attested 4/11/15. Cpl. JO/6/I7, S K t .5/."/l7, released medically unt.t 

Sori.S, j.) I'tc. (332), attested 4/11/15, S N.I..R. 8/2/18. 

i i i r, r^^r, .1 , i . , in.. \,)j' j ; i "' . *" j i- 11 ^;t i Q i f. 

I)H VKIKS, S., Pte. (337), attested 4/11/15, released medically ui.nt '?//. 

1,1, IV ' I . ^, 1., i IV . 1, J.^ I , in - ,;(--(-.'. -I ,1 I I n 

HI-' KOOKI-K, I , I'le (342), attested 5/11/15. demobilised 11/7/19. 
MI< 1IAEI.S, A, Pie, (.;|0. attesteil 5/H/I5, S.N.I,.R. ] ? 6 / ] { 1 / ^ 


SIIJKKR, II., Sgt. (349), atlested 5/lI/IJ, M i.- '' '". --' ' 

PETFRSKX, J, I'te. (3.50), attested 5/11/15, demobilised 

I'oXTAC, F., Pte. (351), attested 5/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19- 

MfNXIK, II., Pte. '>=!, attested 5/11/15, demobilised 8/9/W- . __ 

AFRICA A , I'te. (3^1. attested ^ u/ii, demobilised 16/7/19, qualified Lewis emitter 

ABRAHAMS, E., rte." (3.54), attested 5/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 



MTNNIK, 1)., Pte. 13*5), attested S//II 15, died of blackwalcr 2/4/17. 

KOEKT, 1-., I'tc. (356), attested 5/11/15, ilt mobilisi d >','<)/ 19., J., I'tc. (357), attested 5/11/15, released medically unlit 3/12/17. 

r.oi.IATH, M., L./Cpl. (358), attest : , I i'pl. 17/1/16, released medically unfit 29/7/16. 

Cl I'll)"", G., I'tc. 1359), attested 5/11/11, rrli ascd im dually uuh! ; [0 17. 

YKI.DSMAN, H., 1'te. 1360), attested 5/11/15, demobilised K, , 

SMITH, J., Pte. (361), attested 5/11/15, demobilised 2/1/19. 

HWIN, J., rii-. ":/>j>, attested 5/11/1,, a leased medically unlit 9/12/15. 
MADELLA, !>., 1'ti. 1303), attested 5/11/15, dcmobili-. t -d 25 '12/18. 
\\ Il.l.IAMS, M., Pte. (364), attested 5/11/15, released medically unfit 3/9/17. 
MADEL1.A, I., Sgt. (365), attested 5/11/15, Cpl. 24/6/17, L./Sgt. 15/10/17, Sgt. 10/5/19, demobilised 

TIIo.MAS, M., Sgt. (366), attested 5/11/15, Cpl. 4 11,15, *Kt. -11/5/16, demobilised 7/10/19, passed 

bombing course. 

TIIoMAs, A., Pte. (367), attested 5/11/15, released medically unlit 25/8/17. 
WILKINSON, J., Pte. (368), attotcd = 11/15, di mobili-i (1 7 9/19. 
-'XH>KD, K., 1'te. (369), attested 5/11/15, demobilised -'i 7 i<> 
A<U"LHAs, I., Pte. (370), at.te.--Ud ^ [1 I-. rrlra^eil medically I'.Tllit 2O/7 17 
GI.OVEK, W., L./Sgt. (371), attested 5/11 15, Cpl. 5 11 15, I,./'Ss,'t. 24/4/16, released medically unfit 

-7. 11/17- 

MAART, S. D., a/Sgt. (372), attested 5/11/15, Cpl. i [8, a Sgt. 19/10/18, demobilised 7/9/19. 
SYKKS, \V. C., Set. (37.;), attested 5/11,15, I.. Cpl. 5 11 ; 15, Cpl. 1/10/16, Sgt. 8/12/16, released medically 

unfit 12/11/17. 

JACOBS, P., Pte. (374), attested 5/11/15) released medically unfit 1/5/18. 
LODWICK, F., Pte. (37S), attested 5/11/1";, released medicallj unlit i; i" 17. 
M.EINBOOI, M., Pte. (376), attested 5/11/15, demobilised 1/1/19. 
LOTKENCE, I., Pte. (377), attested "5/11/15, released medically unfit 20/7/17. 
ATKINSON, C., Pte. (378), attested 6/11/15, demobilised 16/7/18. 
iriTERS, \V., Pte. (379), attested 6/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 

WILLIAMS, K., L./Cpl. (380), attested 6/ii/i"i, L./Cpl. 5/7/18, demobilised 7/9/19, machine gun section. 
AHRENSON, W., Pte. (381), attested 6/11/15, unsuitable 26/11/15. 
VAN WYK, C., Pte. (382), attested 6/11/15, released medically unfit 4/3/17. 
VISAC.IE, J., Pic. (-,S3), attested i>/n/i.5, died of malaria 8/4/10. 
MARTIN, A., Pte. (384), attested 6/11/15, died of enteric fe\er 26/;'i7 
I ATMAN, J., Pte. (385), attested 6/11/15, demobilised 12/7/19, passed trench warfare and bombing 

elementary courses. 

PETERSEN, C., Pte. (386), attested 6/11/15, demobilised 16/7/19. 
\HA.MS, I., Pte. (387), attested 6/11/15, released medically unfit 31/1/16. 
PKTER, A., I'tc. (3X8), attested 6/11/15, released medically unfit 29/11/15. 
1 IITS, M. J., Cpl. (389), attested 7/11/15, Cpl. 1/2/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
ADOLPH, H., Cpl. (390), attested 7/11/15, a/I.. /Cpl. 18/6/18, Cpl. l/u/i?, demobilised 7/9/19. 
THEONISSEN, E., Pte. (391), attested 8/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19 

CASTER, P., C.Q.M.S. (392), attested 8/11/15, Cpl. 23/12/16. C.Q.M.S. 2/2/17, demobilised 16/7/19. 
CAMI'P.EI.L, A. W., Pte. (393), attested 8/n/is, died of dysentery i-,/n/i7. 
HERI1EKT, 1'., Pte. (394), attested 8/11/15, demobilised 10/7/19 

VAN UER POEL, J., Pte. (395), attested 8/11/15, released medically unfit 30/11/15. 
I'.ol.IATH, J., Pte. (396), attested 8/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
i IMONT, H. R., Pte. (397), attested 8/11/15, died of influenza 6/10/18. 
CAI.VERT, A., Pte. (398), attested 8/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
liROWNLEE, R., Pte. (399), attested 8/11/15, released medically unfit 17/1/16. 

MATAWANA, P., Pte. (400), attested 8/11/1;, demobilised 7/10/19, mentioned in despatches East Africa. 
ABRAHAMS, C., Pte. (401), attested 8/11/15, released medically unfit 8/12/15. 
SWAKTROOI, A., Pte. (402), attested 8/11/15, demobilised 1/1/19. 
UKN.IAMIN, W., Pte. (403), attested 8/11/15, released medically unfit 13/9/17. 
PARIS, P., Pte. (404), attested 9/11/15, demobilised 23/8/19. 

JONATHAN, J., Pte. (405), attested 9/11/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
CUPIDO, D., Cpl. (406), attested 10/11/15, Cpl. 15/111/17, demobilised 21/7/19. 
IRINS, S., Pte. (407), attested 10/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

r.KLni'.KItLOKM, J., Pte. (408), attested 10/11/15, died of enteric fever 27/3/17. 
I.KKN, W, Pte. (409), attested 10/11/15, released medically unlit 15/10/17. 
HANSHN, W, 1'te. (410), attested 10/11/15, demobilised l<>,'7,i"j, qualified I.e\vis gunner. 
KOKRIKS, P., Pte. (411), attested 10/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
ABIH'I.LAS, c., Pte. (412), attested 10/11/15, died of pneumonia 29/3/17. 
LINEMAN, A, Pte. (413), attested 10/11/15^ demobilised 16/7/19. 
PERR1NC-, A. I'., Cpl. (414), attested io/ii/i;, I. ./Cpl. 30/6/17, a/Cpl. 13/5/18, L./Cpl. 17/7/18, a/Cpl 

16/10/18, Cpl. 1/11/18, demobilised 28/8/19. 

SEVER, A. J., Pte. f4i5). attested 10/11/15, rclea-cd medically unfit 14/4/18. 
MARAIS, J., Pte. (416), attested 10/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
DANIELS, A., 1'te. (417), attested 10/11/15, released medically unlit 25/1/18. 
HI. VRIES, K., Pte. (418), attested [l/ll/lj, S.N.I..R. ;i/l/l6. 

L.S, II., Pte. (419), attested 11/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
[RWIN, W., Pte. (420), attested 11/11/1";, released medically unfit 8/3/16. 
RUDOLPH, P. J., Pte. (421), attested H/II/IJ unsuitable 26/11/15. 
MARTINI'S, A, Pte. (422), attested 11/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
UARLOU. D, Pte. (423), attested 11/11/15, demobilisd 7/9/19. 

MHER, 3 }., Pte. (424), attested 11/11/15, demobilisul 21/7/19. 
I'1''.I>RO, J., Pte (425), attested 11/11/15, released medically unfit 24/2/18. 
SCHOLTZ, M., Pte. (426), attested 11/11/15, released medically unfit 3/9/17. 
ADXMS, N., Pte. (427), attested 11/11/15, demobilised 16/7/19. 
rvs, M. J. J., Pte. (428), attested n 11 i-,. d.-mobilis<d 7/9/19. 
cri'lDn, T. IV n., Pte. (429), attested 12/11/15, demobilised ii-/ig. 
DEVERi'M-x, K, Pte. (430), attested 13/11/15, rcle ised medically unfit 27 .'7/17. 

VIT/, s, Pte. (431), attested 13/11 '15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
I-AII.SKN, J. C. M., Sgt. (432), attested 13/11/15, L./SKt. 31/12/15, Sgt. 18/6/17, demobilised 16/7/19. 

r Sgt. throughout, mentioned in ilesnatclus East Africa. 

i' \RKLSE, H. C., Sgt. (433), attested 13/11/15, Sgt 20/1/16, released niedicilly unfit 14/8/17. 
CAKELS, 7. I- , Pte. (4341, attested 13/11/15, demobilised 12/11/10. 
JAFTHA, J. I., Pt(. 435), attested 13/11/15. died of small IHIX 1.1/8/17. 

WILLIAMS, W. T., L./Cpl. (4361, attested 13/11/15, L./Cpl. 1/11/18, demobilised 29/8/19, qualified signaller 



KOERT, A., I'll-. U;;), attcslcl n/ll/n, demobilised 6/10/19. 

VALENTINE, 1!., 1'ti- (438), attested 13/11/15, demobilised 31/12/18 

TKMMEX, H., Pte. (439), attested 13/11/15, I.. Cpl. 1/10/16, Sl. ll/ia i<>, n vi-rtril l(> 1'U-. 31/12/18, 
demobilised 8/9/19, qualified machine gunner. 

( CT< >li]<'U, M , Pf. i.|.|', attested 13/11/15, released medically unfit 10/8/17. 

OCTOBER, D., I../Cpl. (||il, attested i; u is, I.. 'Cpl. 15/10/17, died of \uimiiU S/u'iy 

KM '.HI., W., I'te. (442), attested 13/11/15, released medically unfit 22/8/17. 

TKAIMKR'/., J., 1'le. (443), attested 13/11/15, demobilised .S'9/ig. 

SWAKT/, I-;., rte. (444), attested 11/11/15, demobilised 25/3/19. 

DAVID?-, A, 1'te. (445), attestid IJ/II/IJ, demobilised 16/8/19. 

REDDING, J., I'te. (446), attested 13/11/15, demobilised 10/10/19. 

MANUEL. S. J., Pte. (447), attested 13/11/15, released medically unfit 29/11 15. 

PEDRO, J., I'te. (448), attested 13/11,15, demobilised 8/9/19. 

FEBRUARY, K., Pte. (449), attested 14/11/15, released medically unfit 6/n'i;. 

DAVIDS, D., I'te. (450), attested 14/11 is, released medically unfit 21/12/15. 

OCTOBKK, 1), I'te (451), attested 14/11/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 

MANHO, A., Pte. (452), attested 14/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

WILSON, L., Pte. (453), attested 14/11/15, demobilised 26 14/18. 

CRONJE, A., Pte. (454), attested 14/11/15, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 

DOMINGO, A., Pte. (455), attested 14/11/15, leleased medically unfit 26/7/17. 

EOOYSKN, I) , I'te i.tsfO, attested 14/11/15, release<l medically unfit 12/8/17. 

WILLIAMS, W.. Cpl. (457), attested 14/11/15, I.. /Cpl. 14/11/15, Cpl 24/6/17, demobilised 5/2/19. 

;<i/.. \l>K, <; , 1't". (458), attested 14/11/15, died of malaria 5/5/16. 

C.TIU'.S, II., Pte. i.|5ni, attested M/ll/lSi released medically iinjit 11/2/16. 

in )SC7I, A. P., Pte. (460), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 1/9/17. 

ADAMS, A. L., Pte. (461), attested '15/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 

MARINCS, C., Pte f.|"-). attested 15/11/15, demobilised 27/8/19. 

1'ICK, li. D., I'te. I. us), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit i8/n/iS. 

DKKONKA, D., Pte. (464), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 1/9/17. 

1ENNETTE, T., Pte. (465), attested 15/11/15, rejected 29/11/15. 

CLOETE, A., Pte. (466), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 2/1/19. 

JENNETJE, li., Pte. (467), attested 15/11/15, unsuitable 2(1/11/15. 

MENNE, A., Pte. (468), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 1/7/19. 

MARTTN, J , Pte. (4683), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 10/5/18. 

I.AKEY, j:, Pte. (469), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 

VALENTINE, J., Pte. (470), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

ERASMUS, M., Pte. (471), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 

MONTRINGER, A., Pte. (472), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 23/6/17. 

LE GRANGE W, Pte. (473), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 24/0/17. 

JOHNSON, u., I. ''Cpl. (474), attested 15/11/15, L./Cpl. 25/2/16, released medically unfit 15/8/17. 

WALLER, W. M., Pte. (475), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 28/8/19. 

MEYERS, H., Cpl. (476), attested 15/11 /is, .Cpl. i/n/i8, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 

APPOLLIS, J., Pte. (477), attested 15/11/15, S.N.L.R. 28/7/17. 

PKTERSEN, A., Pte. 1478), attested 15/11/15, S.N.L.R. .5/5/17- 

HOOPT, J., Pte. (479), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 9/12/15. 

SCIIOOR, P. D. (D.C.M.), Sgt. (480), attested 15/11/15, Sgt. 15/11/15, demobilised 7/10/19, passed 
musketry course 2nd class. 

MOLONEY, A., Pte. (481), attested 15/11/15, demobilised 8/10/19. 

DAVIDSE, J, Pte. (482), attested 15/11/15, released medically unfit 8/12/15. 

PHILLIPS, I) I. \V., Pte. (483) attested 17/11/15, S.N.L.R. 23/2/16. 

GIDEON, M., Pte. 1484), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 28/8/19. 

JAMES M Pte (485), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 16/7/19, passed bombing and trench warfare courses. 

CORNELIUS R., Pte. (486), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 21/7/19, complimented by Commander -in- 
Chief, ' E.E.F., for gallantry in trying to save a comrade from drowning at Gaza, Egypt. 

KAAS, N, Pte. (487), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 26/12/18. 

\V\N7\ \ Pte (488), attested 17/11/15, died of mitral reyurgitation 10/6/17. 

APPOLDS D, Pte. (489), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 13/12/18. 

BOWERS, E., Pte. (490), attested 17/11/15, released medic-ally unfit 15/12/15. 

GOTI\TH H Pf (491), attested ir/n'i5. demobilised 8/0/19. nullified machine gunner. 

LAWRENCE, A., Pte. (492), attested 17/11/15, released medically unfit 30/11/15. 

FEBURARY, C., Pte. (493), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 8/9 / 19. 

ROB1IN T, Pte. (494), attested 17/11/15, released medically unfit 7/2/18. 

ROBAIN, M., Pte. (495), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
SCHIPI'ERS, J., Pte. (496), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 

SCHAFFES, J., Pte. (497), attested 17/11/15, S.N.L.R. 28/10/17. 

S, P.', Pte. (498), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 18/10/19. 
ANTHONY, D., Pte. (41)11), attested 17/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19.^ 
FEBRUARY, A, Pte. (500), attested 17/11/15, died of mitral stenosis 28/4/17. 
VISSER G I'te (501)', attested 17/11/15, released medically unfit 34/11/17. 

-'-- demobilised 21/7/19 

sed 7/9/19, mentioned 

FREDERICKS, D., Pte. (505), attested 19/11/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
PETRUS D, Pte. (506), attested 19/11/15, released medically unfit 7/9/17- 
PETERSEN, J., Pte. (507), attested 19/11/15, S.N L.R. H/i/io. 
FILIES, J., Pte. (508), attested 19/11/15, released medically unlit 7/M/: 
ANDRIES, J., Pte. (509), attested 19/11/15, released medically unlit 26/11/15 
PETERSEN, P., Pte. (510), attested 19/11/1.5, died of malaria 19/10/16. 
FAROE, D.. Pte. (511), attested 19711/15. released medically unfit 29/11/15. 
MOURTES, H., Pte. (512), attested 19/11/15, released medically unfit 24/7 
JASON. II., Pte. (513), attested 19/11/15, S.N.L.R. 6/12/15. 
CARLS, P, Pte. (514), attested 19/11/15, released medically unl'.t 22/12/15. 
FEBRUARY, P., Pte. (515), attested 19/11/15, released medically unfit 8/2/16. 
RAAS, G., Pte. (516), attested 19/11/15, released medically unlit 4/8/17. 
AFRICA, D., L./Cpl. (517), attested 19/11/15, I.. /Cpl. 7,/IO/l8, demobilised 7/9/19- 
BENJAMIN, R., Pte. (518), attested 22/11/15, demobilised 16/7/19. 
ABRAHAMS, N. J. D., Pte. (519), attested 22/11/15, died of dysentery 27/10, 17. 
JOHNSON, M., Pte. (520), attested 22/11/15, released medically u,nfit i 
JOHANNES, S., Pte. (521), attested 22/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19- 



AHRAMS. C., I'tc. 1.522), attested 11 11/15, la 1. ased medically mint 3/10/17. 
MAJOR, A, Col. (533), attested 22/11/15, Cpl. H i- i", ri leased nn ilu-ally unlit 20/11/17. 
JKI'THA, .1, I'lr (524), attested IJ/ 11/15, dcmobili.. . 

PIKTl-:its].;.x, W., PU-. 15251, allestcd 22/n 1.5, released nicilicallv unlit 30/11/15 
SKAI.I-., !! , I'll-. (536), altc-ted 2j ii 15, reti ally unlit i . '.riciital bugler. 

pdM.xx, c., Ci>l. -527), atteste , released medical b m;in i 

\ \XIH-:K, '[' i-:., PU-. ($&), attested __; 11/15, d.-mobiiiscd 1/1 

MATTHYS, C, I'ti-. 1520), attested 23 11 -15, released me, iii ally UIIIM i; ., 17 

ION, J, I'ti-. I5_:i'l, attc-tcd 23 II/1J, drinviud iu I'anu.iui Rive'-, 1-last Africa, 3/7/16. 
I'KTKKsKN, II II. S, I'ti (531), attcMed 23 11/15, discharged lo : 

ARKXIis, n, I'l'- I.5S2). aiu-Mcd j.; 11 is, released nudicdiy unlit ;; 8/17 
I'.I.OYM-, G., 1'liv (533) atu--ud . li-a.-ul ini'ilii-ally nnlil ; 12 15. 

ABRAHAMS, .1. I'll.- I5i4>, attested -'; ii 15, demobilised J i / ig. 

\vnrn;. j R . r t< Mid 23 >-. is s x i. R 

Jl'I.IK, 1'. i , atti-sti-il 1} u I}, du-d of malaria i'7/l6. 

IsIRl'.V, .1 . ) sed midii allv until 5 I in 

P.orKAKr, .1, ru-. (538), attested 23 n , ed uudically unlit 19/3/18. 

JdllXSdX, A, I'll-. 153111, atlcslcd 23 I! 15, n-li asi-d Jlll'dlrally uillit .| , | 
HAII 1-:V, .'., I'tc. (S40), alu-Mcd -; u i ;, n li-ax d :ni-ilirally unlit 31/12/15. 

ICRASiirs, .1 , Pte. n;n, attested .;, 11 15, released imdu-ally uuiii - 6 17. 
MiC.ASKIi.I., I'., 1'tr I5.(3l, atti-su-d 23/11 [J, drnmliilix-il 81/7/19, rririmcntal litujlcr. 
1-nRD. A , i'tr i;|-,) alti-sli-d 23/-J1 i>, ri-li-a-cil tm-dii-ally unlil 14/11 17. 
ARKXllivSK, !)., I'll-. 1544), alli-^ti d -; II/IJ, di uiobilisi-d iS i 
IlANIl-'J,. C. J., Cpl. IM ; ), attl->tid IJ/llflS, '-/Cl . , diuu.ljilisi.-il 14 ' i 

'. atli-stril 23/H I=, S N.I..K 

Sdl.oMDN, I-', I'll- '.M7l. atu^Kd 23 n 15, released nn-dii-ally unlit . | 7/17. 
I'.KSICK, .1, E*te. -.;-', alu -u-d 25 u 15, released nu-dually unlit 28/7/17, rc-sinicntal bugli-r 

liAVIUS, .s., I'tr. u.|i,l, atll-slrd _; II I,, di-lllc)bili>. d II 

I-dRTTIN, I), a ].. Cpl. (5.V.), attested 2i ii 15, a I Cpl tS/IO/17, di-mohilisi-d 16/7/19. 
AHI.KS, J , i'U-. '^^i), atti-su-d j^/u'i^, n-li aM'd uu-dii-ally null! ^v^lo/17. 
KI-.MAMIV, T. 1', I'ti.-. l^j), atti-sli-d ,'3/11/15, n-li-asrd medically unfit 27/6/17. 
l'i'.Ri;i., II, Cpl. (551), atu-sud 23/11/15, Cpl i -. , demobilised 5/1/19. 
THOMAS, A, I'lr. (5;.)), atti-sted 24/11/15, n-U'asi-d lui-di.-ally unlil 3/10 17. 
MI:SSIAS, J., I'lr i^^s), attcsud 24/11/15, ri-lt-asi-d medically nnlit is/8/i7. 
STI;MMP:RTS, n., PU-. I^M, attested 2411'!=, di-ini.bilist-d ii /6/ IP, transport drivi-r 
DEDRICKS, C., I'U- (557), atti-stid J4 ii'i;, released nu-ili, ally until 17/10/16. 
DIKRS, J. A, I'ti-. (558), attcsti-il .-4/11/15, S.N.I.R. ;i 

<',I-;RT/I-;, n., Pte. (ssql, attested 24/11 15, n-li-a^i-d nu-iliraliv unlit 5/10/17 

I'I<III-:R, \V. C., I. ./Cpl. U6,il, attrMcd 24 11/15, I.. /Cpl. 24/11/15, released im-dk-ally unfit 52/8/16. 
MATTHKWS, R, I'l,- (561), attested 24/11/15, n U-aM-d nu-ilically unfit 12/11 '17. 
ANI)KI-:\\'S, I,, I'ti-. U62), attested 24/ii/is, S.N.I..U . i 16 
UKRRV. II. I'ti- <!<>0, atti-sti-d 24/11/15, ri-li-asrd inrdii-ally unfit 6/7/18. 
M NNl-' , I-V, Pte. (564), attested 24/11 :;. S.N.L.R. -,1/1/16. 
KKII-:(.I':R, A. rt<- (565), attested 24/11/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
MARIK, -M , Pte. (566), aiu^u-d .4 11/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

VIC.I.AXI), J. A , I'U [567), attested 24/11/15, released medically unfit 21/12; 15. 
\VH.I.IAMS, T. C., I'U-. ls6,S), attested 24/11/15, ri-kasi-d medieally unfit 5/12/15. 
JIARSTON, J. \V., I'll- (51x1), ,-illisti-d 24/11/15, .'..-mobilised 7/10/19. 
IIAKKi'.R, R., Pte. (570), attesli-d 2j 11 15, ri-liasi-d im-dii all\- unlil 7':2/l5. 
AHAMS, J , I'll 1=71), attested ~25 'ii '15, released medieally unfit 19/4/18. 
JACdiis, II., Pte. (572), attested .'5 n 15, SX.I..R. ;i , i 

IM-.NTINC., I., It,- (573), attested 25 ii'i.;, released medically unlit 30/4/18. 

J')VC1-:. A J, Cpl. (574), attested 25/11/15, Cpl i'4'iS, ill-mobilised 27/10/11), qualified signaller. 
IldKR, A, Pte. (575), attested 25/11 15, killed in a.-tiou 2n u/l8. 
JAXAKKk, I!. S, p|, (57')), altestei! 25/11/15, killed in arlion 16/11/17. 
'VAC.NKR, J. K., Pte. (5771, atti-ted 25/11 tg, released medieally unfit 24/9/17. 
i AKI-S, W., Pte. (578), attested 25/11/15, released medieally unlil 19/11 
l!Ud\VX, A, I'U. 15711), attested 25 n is, released medieally unlit 27/7/16. 
IACOBS, i., 1'le (580); attested 25/11 is, demobilised 29 
TIloMAS, A, Pte. 15X1), attested 15/11 15, S.N.I. R. Jl/l/l6. 
I-.VAXS, I., Pte. (582), attested 25/11 15, released mediealK un'it ;/i2/l5. 
KIl.I.ow, .M.. a'St (583), attested 2.5/11/1.5, Cpl. 1/3/17, I./S^t. i/u/iS, a/Sst. 10/5/10, dcmobili>eij 

r.-'.l eourse. 
SAMP1M, G. C., Pte. 1584), attested 25/11/15, demobilised 7/1 

DI-. p.i.i-'iji ^. w., ru 585), attested >, 11/15, .VN.I..U. 10/12/15. 
HOfTSAMMER, J, Pte. (586), attested 13 ti/is, killed in action c./ii/i 7 . 
Jd-,]-:i'Ils, J., Pte. 1587), atlesU-d J5 n'i5, released un ilieally unlit -'7/7'ih 
AHI.]->, j. pu- (588), attest* , dimobilisid 7 to 

.II':PPI-:s, J , Pie (589!, all. -sled 25/11/15, released medieally unlit 18/8/16. 

I'.HRUV A. Ptl 90). attested IS II/IS, demobilis.-d - 

\HA.\I.s, M, Pte. 15,, i), attested 25/H/li, releasi-,1 medi.-ally unlit 16/11/17. 

I-'ORTTIX, A , Pte. 151,.-), attested l , . irlid 2/7/t8, mi-nti-med in desnalelies V.Hft Africa. 

MeKAY, G. I), Pu-. (593), attested 25/11/15, I,./Cpl. 23/11/15, rcvertul to Pte. 6/4/16, Cpl. 30/6/17, 

17, reverted to Pte. 2/11/18, demobilised 15/1/19 
CHAUI.l-X ... pte (51,4), attested 26/11/1.5, I.. /Cpl. 30/6/17, Cpl. 21/11/17, reverted to Pte. 6/4/18, 

demobilised : ' i / uj, mentioned in despatches, I'.ast Aiii.a 
H!-;M)kICKS, J Pte. (595), attested 26/11/15, demobilis.d 16/7/19. 
HARIXliS., C . 1'le (596), altesu-d 16 ii 15, demobilised 15 i 

WILLIAMS, \v.. Ci 1 (597), attested 26 11/15, Cpl. 1/4 is, demobilised 9/i/ao 

KAREI.S, \\ , Pu (598), alt, -stiil -"-'11/15, released medieally unfit 17,12 15. 

JACOBUS, U C , CO Ms . cpl. 26/11/15, Si:t . MS. 30/6/17, demobilised 

- transport dutj . - am r 

PRKToRirs. C. . iscd medi.-illy unlit 2 

HdHI-.XKl-RK, J (,, pte. K.oi), attesu aiedically unfit 28/7/17. 

KHMP, 1- . ! s X , K 2 ( 

HILDERBRAND, N , Pi,- (603), attested 26 n i~, released medically unlit -=/l/l6 
CLOETE, J, Pte. 604), attested 26/11/15, died of intlm-n/a M/IO/IS. 

. ' Cpl , atti i'- 1 - ii is, a Cpl M --, i.\ demobili-ed 21/7/19, passed gas course 

DORRI8, J, Pte, u, ,6l, attested 26/11/15, dcmobil,-. 


ARI.NDSK, I. w. (D. C.M.I, Sgt. (607), attested 26 n 15, L./Cpl. .10/6/17, Cpl. 1/4/18, Sgt. 23, X .is, 
demobilised ; i" 19, passed ^omt course ist class anel is-, elass machine' -miner. 

\ AN K\SSKN, J., I'tf. UioSi, attcsti el 211/11/15, demobilised 10/9/19. 

LUCK, J , Cpl |(>')), attested 2(1/11/15, Sijt. 27/11/15, reverted to Cpl. 27/11/18, demobilised 7/10/19 

ABRAHAMS, J., pic. (610), attested 26/11/15, demobilised 1/1/7/19 

KD.NIM., .1 , I'd- 16111, attested 26/11/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

HRul'HY, II A, IOI2I attested ..-6/11/15, Cpl. 27/11/15, released inedieally unlit 8/8/17. 

I.KCHAT, J. G., Cpl. (613), attested 2(1/11/15, Cpl. 27/11/15, released medieally unfit 3/2/17 

KuxiV., R, 1'u. i(n.|), attested 26/11 '15, released medically unlit 2/12/15. 

SMITH, M.. Ptc. (615), alh station canccllcil. 

HOKDKMAKKK, I) \V., a Sgt. ""'->:. attested 26/11/15, Sttt. 3/12/15, reverted to Cpl. 13/2/16, a/Sgt. 
it', released ine'ilically unlit _<> 2/17. 

ROSS, \V., I'te. II. I7i, attested 26/11/15, lit mobilise el 5/2/l8. 

GAIN, J. J., Cpl. (618), attested 26/11/15, I.. /Cpl. 27/11/15, Cpl. I/I/ID, killed in action 20/9/18, passed gas 
e ulirsc 

\VII.I.1A.\1S, A., I'te. lni'il, attesteil .'-11/15, released iii<-dieally unfit 4 

RSEN, 1>, Pte. (630), attested 27/11/15, released medieally unfit 7/1/16. 
TITUS, P., Pte. (621), attested 27/11/15, died of influenza 8/10/18.'>, C., I'te 1(122), attested 27/11/1^, dellioliili--ed 11/7/19, pioneer saddler. 

SCHRUIUUCR, \V . rte. (633), attested 27/11/15, Cpl. 15/1". 17, reverted tn Ptc. 7/3/18, demobilised -'10/19 

SCIIOI.T/,, H., Pte. 1624], altesue! 27/11/15, released medically unfit 7/6/17. 

i'AUI.SK, I., Cpl. 11125), atti'Sted 27/11/15, I,./Cpl. 11/12/17 Cpl. 1/4/18, d< nioliilised 16/7/19. 

MATTIIKWS, J., Pte. (626), attested 27/11/1";. released medically unlit 17/1/16. 

ARENDS, A., Ptc. (627), attested 37/11/1";, demobilised 12/8/19. 

SKI'TEMUUR, A., Pte. (628), attested 27/11/15, released medieally unfit 12/11/17. 

VAN \VVK, A., I'te. (629), attested 27/11/15, killed in action 20/9/18. 

DIXIE, R, Pte. (6)o), attested 27/11/1-;, demobilised 12/7/19. 

MARAIs, I.., Pte. (6jl), attested 27 u i ,, demobilised 21/7/19. 

1. \BA.NS, I., I. Cpl. KH2), attested 28/11/15, I.. /Cpl. 1/4/18, demobilised 7/9/19. 

HOFFMAN, .1., Cpl. (633), attested 28/11/15, L./Cpl. 28/11/15, Cpl. 30/6/17, demobilised 26/2/18. 

COLERIDGE, R, I'te. l<>;.|), attested 28/11/15. released medically unlit 30/12/15. 

TIARDTS, G., Ptc. (I.-,,), attested 28/11/1";, demobilised 1/11/19. 

KNIGHT, G., I'te. (636), attested 28/11/1,, S.X.I..K. 8/12/15. 

EDWARDS, J, Ptc. (6571, attested 28/11/15, released medically unfit 3/2/16. 

WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (638), attested 28/11/15, S.N.L.R. 8/12/15. 

AsPiii.IXG, J., I.. /Cpl. (639), attested 28/11/15, L./Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 12/7/19, qual. Lewis gunner 

AIIRAIIA.MS, W, Ptc. [640), attested 28/11/15, di mobilised 13/7/19. 

rKUKCIC, !'., I'te. I6.ii), attested 28/11/15, released medically unlit 13/13/15. 

r.'.'TLER. G., L./Cpl. 1042), attested 28/11/15, L /Cpl. 2/11/17, released medically unfit 11/4/18. 

jri.IKS, II. A, Pte. (6431, attested 29 / 1 1 / I s, released medically unfit n/n/l.S. 

VAN KOOYKN, J. II., Pte. (6l.ll, attested 29/11/15, released medically unfit 7/1/16. 

MKYEK, R., L./Cpl (6.10, attested 29/11/15, I. /Cpl. 29/11/15, release<l medically unfit 38/2/18. 

PANNEWITZ, I.-, Pte. I6.|d), atte-tell 29/11/15, released medically unfit 15/12/15. 

ALLISON, j., SKI. (647), attested 29/11/15, Cpl. 21/10/16, S(tt. 11/12/16, released medically unfit 2^/9/18. 

ABRAHAMS, C, Pte. (648), attcstid 29/11/15, S.N.I..K. 17/6/18. 

BoYSK, !'., Pte. (649), attested 2q/n/is, died of malaria 24/7/16. 

CLAYTON, J. P., Pte. lOsol, attested 2c),'ll/ls, demobilised o/l/'ic/. 

PKTKKSKN, n. D., Pte. (651), attested 29/11/15, released medically unfit 27/7/16. 

RICH), II ! w.. Pte. i' ...!, attested 29 11/15, released medically unfit 1/5/18. 

MORGEXDAI,, T. 1-., Sut. (653), attesteil 29/11/15, L./Cpl. 29/11/15, Sgt. 30/6/17, demobilised 11/7/19, 

qualified Lewis gunner. 

HANIKLS, I., Pte. (654), attested 29/11/15, released medically unfit 21/3/10. 
I )A XI1CI.S, A, Pte. (6ss) attested 29/n/is, released medically unfit 24^9/17. 
J U'ous, J., Ptc (656), attested 29/11/15, killed in action 2.1/9/18 
HooYCK, J., Pte. (657), attested 29/11/15, released medically unfit 27/4/17 
1'IKNAAR, R., Ptc. (658), attested 29/11/15, demobilised 26/12/18. 
l.'.oIIERTS, I. D., Pte. (659), attested 29/11/15, demobilised 15/10/19 
FORTUIN, A., Pic (660), attested 29/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
HRICK1CKS. I), Pte. (661), attested 29/11/15, S.N.L.k. 5/8/18. 

DYASoN, R., Ptc. (662), atli-steel 29/11/15, demobilised 16/7/15, regimental bugler. 
DAYIKS, J, Pte. 1663), attested 29/11/15, S.N.L.k. 7/6/17. 
SWINTON, W., Pte ((164), attested 29/II/I5, di'lllobilised 25/7/I9. 
LUNDICkS, O. N., Pte. (665), attested 29/11/15, rejected 15/12/15. 
WILLIAMS, J., Ptc (666). attested 29/11/15, rejcascd medically unfit 22/12/15. 
ABRAHAMS, J., Pte. (667), attested 29/11/15, released medically unfit 29/11/18. 
ADAMS, J., Pte. (66S), attested 29/11/15, released nicdii ally unfit 2/12/15. 
C.I'NN, .1, Ptc. (66y), attesteil 29/n/li, re-leased me-ilivallv unlit i;/l2/is. 
C.ROVKKS, D., Pte. (67,.!, altcsuel 29/11/15, release-.l medically unlit 21/9/17. 
I'.i'KNS, J., Pte. (671), attested 29/11/15, released medically unfit 9/12/15. 

LOMON, I. C, Pte. (672), attested 29/11/15, missing, de-ai!i accepted 6/6/16. 
OCTOBER, L, Pte. (6;i), attesleel 29/11/15, elemeibilised 7/10/19. 

KlCl'VEL, H. M., L./Cpl. (674), attested 29/11/1=;, L./Cpl. 29/11/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
AFRICA, A., Pte. (675), attested 29/11/15, S.N.I..R. 8/6/18. 
JACOBS, N. I)., Pte'. (67(1), atte ste'd 29/11/15, rejected 27/12/15. 

McKINXON, II., Ptc. 1(177), attested 29/11/15, released mcelieally unfit 16/11/17. 
MI'.IklXC,, S., I'te. (678), altcsle-el 29/11/15, rele-aseel incelie-ally unlit .-,0/11/17. 
I'^I'I'I-;, J, rir "'7')), ntttste'el 2(i/ii/i^, elemobiliseel r>/7/i9, regimental butcher. 
i icsAk, .L. pte. (680), attestatiem cancelled 

:RAIIAMS, J., Pte' K.SI), attesleel 29/11/15, demobilised 10/2/19. 
IIRIOAR, F. w., Pte. (682), alleste-d 29/11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
LEE, C., I'te. (683), attesteel 29/11/15, dciimbiliscd 5/1/19. 

WILLIAMS, J. II, Pte. (nK)l, attesteel 29/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19, signaller and regimental hiidler. 
'''V, C., Pte (685), atte'ste-el 29/11/15, re.lcase-e! niciiually unfit 17/10/16, si^nalle-r. 
I "I I'STADT, ]'., Pte. ted 89/11/15, el, mobilised ; 

I-'I-:i>Hk, II. A. G., Cpl. (687), attested 29/11/15, L./Cpl. 29/6/17, Cpl. 1/4/18, qualified Lewis jiunner. 

kille'el in ae'tion 2 ' '9/ 18. 
CARFI.SIC, C in. C.M.I, Cpl. (688), attested 29/11/15, Cpl. 23/8/18, a /Sgt. 24/8/18, Cpl. 12/11/18, de- 

meibilised 7/10/19, ist e-lass macliiiie' ^uniie'r. 
1II.\KY, J., Cpl. (689), attested 29/11/15, L./Cpl. 15/10/17, Cpl. 5/7/18, demobilised 11/7/19, passed gas 



IlKXPUICKS, .1, Pl< [690), attested 99/11/15, released medically iintH i.s/H/i;, rejoined again under 

riiXI'K', 1', Pie (o<ii), attested 29/11/15, released mcdieally unlit io 11/17. 

.I!, P., Pti 692), attested 29/11/15, S.N.L.R 31/1/16. 

CIIAULKS, J , Pie. ((><K), attested 29/11/15, released medically unlit 27/7/17. 
scilli'PlCRS, J., 1'tc. 101141, attested 39 u 15, demo .'19. 

("IX. r, I'te C*(5>, attested . ' lemiibilised 7/10 ni, regimental lai'or. 

JNOR, J, -nested :'i It/15, deumlMli-ed ] 7/19. 

i, U' 1/1 I, \, Pt< . ', a> , ''I 'Hi, li, -ally' unlit 6 n 17. 

1KISKIX, I i'., : , attested _'.i n 1.-,, dii d ul' inllm-u/.a I .; 10 is 

I.( iT I '! KIM, A. II., I'te (699), atte-leil jg i; is., dellliibili-i -iynallcr. 

I,\\\s"X. K 'I'., I'te (TOO), attested _:. H 1,-, di m. iliili.-i d ,; 1 19. 

IirxrHR, A. !' u), attested :,. n is, died of ccri-l mi spinal meningitis 17 s 17, signaller. 

i \N, M., I 1 !' ttested -" u i=, releaseil nu-dienlly unlit 3 '12/15. 

PKKK\ attested M II is, releaseil medieally unlit 'i 

VONDELING, '1 . Pte. (704), atti 15, s X I. K 

[705), alt. 15, demobilised 7 

i'KKs, v. , I'll . , demobilised s i 19, Mnnallcr. 

KAXNKMKYKR, II., I'te (707), attest, d jo/11 is, released medieally unlit 16/8/17. 
WAN/ 11/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 

\IMII.PII, I' . l'i 1/17. 

IIAXHKAM, I., i 1 . 'd in< iliially until o I 

, I'te 17111. attested JO/li/IS, demobilised 21/7/19. 

[cillXsnX I 1C, Pte. 1712), attested 30/11/1?, released niedirally unfit 7/2/17. 
STAxr.KY, \v 1'., Cpl. (713), attested (0/11/15, Cpl ii '- i", discharged medically unfit 23/8/17. 

IkiFOS, I C., IMi (714), attested 30/11/15, released medieally unlit 6/II/-1?. 
HARDING, J. S., I'te. 171;!, attisted 30/11/15, died of dysentery 13/11/17. 
AKKXIiS, I. I, I'te. (7:1.1, attested ;,>,. ii 15, releasid medically unfit 27/4/17. 
NIIKKIS, !' c, I'te. 17171, attested 30/11 15, I. /Cpl. 30 n 13, reverted to I'te. 26/5/16, passed Grenade 

Iii-eharfiiiiK Course, killed in aetioii 20/0/18. 

AI.KXAXUKK, J., I'te '718), attested 30/11/15, released medieallv unlit 27/12/15. 
WILLIAMS, ! A , I'te. (719), attested 30/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 

IIIKl KrK.X, 1 r., I'te. (720), attested 30/11/15, signaller, died of heart failure 1/10/16. 

SASS.MAN, 1), Pte (781), attest f.d JO 1 1 ' I.S demobilised 7/111/19. 

IV, I'te. (722!, attested 30/11/15, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 
'SON, 1' , I'te 17:1!, attested 30/11/15, demobilised 5/1/19. 

.scmi'i'KKS, II. s, Pte., attested 30/11/15, released medieally unfit 22/11/15. 
JAFTA, A., Pte. (725), attested 30/11/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
VAN SCIIOoK, B. P., a/Sgt. (726), attested 30/11/15, Cpl. 30/11/15, a/Sgt. 14/12/16, died of cerebro 

malaria -^'3/17. 

I-'ASSKX, C S., I'te. (727), attested 30/11/15, released medieally unfit 23/8/17. 
l.iHU. I, I'te. (728), attested 30/11/15, released medieally unfit 21/6/18. 
M,l HI', H. A. J., Pte. (729), attested 30/11/15, leleased medieally unfit 27/8/16. 
APPOI.I.IS, I)., I'te. (730), attested 30/11/15, released medieally unfit 6/11/17. 
KELLY, M . Cpl (731), attested 30/11/15, Cpl 1/4/18, ilenn.bilised 7/10/19. 
I.KNTIKKS, C., Pte. (732), attested 30/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19, cook. 

Al.I.KX, A , I'te. (7-,-,), attested 30/11/15, demobilised 11/7/19, passed bombing and trench warfare courses. 
KIU.I.Y, ! , pie. 1734), attested 30/11/15, released medieally unfit 24/7/17. 
SMITH, .1, I. Cpl.' (7.-,si, attested 30/11/15, I,. /Cpl. 1/4/18, passed grenade discharging course, killed in 

action 20/9/18. 

PATMOKK, \V., Pte. <7;6), attested 30/11/15, demobilised 30/12/18. 
KAMI'S, \V , Pte. (-171, attested 30/ii/is, released medically unfit 20/3/18. 
ACKKKMAN, Iv, Pte. (738), attested 30/11/1?, I.. /Cpl. 15/10/17, reverted to Pte. 7/4/18, demobilised 


MARCT's., J .1 , I, ./Cpl. (739), attested 30/11/15, L./CpI. 30/11/15, demobilised 5/2/19- 
SciI.oMON, P., Pte. (740), attested 30/11/15, S.N.L.R 1/5/17. 

THOMAS, W A., I'te. (741), attested 30/11/15, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 
\I.KXAN'I>F.K, I.. \V., Pte. (742), attested 30/11/15, released medieally unfit 6/7/17. 
lil'TI.KR, M. II., Pte. (741), attested 1/12/15, S.N.L.R. 20/12/16. 

IIAXMKR, V. W., Pte. (744), attested 1/12/15, released medieally unlit 1/11/17, signaller. 
ROBERTS, J., Pte. (745), attested 1/12/15, released medically unlit 31/8/17, died at Durban 15/10/18. 
VAN VVYK, J. \V., Pte. (746), attested 30/11/15, released medically unfit 22/8/16. 
LR VLICt'R, M. A., Sgt. (747), attested 1/12/15, Cpl. 1/12^15, Sgt. 6/12/16, demobilised 29/7/19, mentioned 

in Despatches, East Africa. 

MosKS, 11, Pte. (748), attested 1/12/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 

BKX.1AMIX, M., Pte. (749), attested 1/12/15, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 
/. \ril.\UIAS, X, Pte (750), attested 1/12/15, released medieally unfit 4/2/16. 
HKXIIKICKS, .!., I'te. (7SD, attested 1/12/15, released medically unlit 22/12/15. 
MAC.CON, J II, Tie (752!. attested I'rj'is, .1, -mobilised 1I/7/IQ. 
I.KSAK, I! M.. I'te. 175.1), attested 1/13 i.-. released medieally unlit 94/1/16. 
SOI O.MON, \V., Pte. (754!, attested I a I IS, demobilised 11/7/19. 
IIII-'.MNICR, I. J., I'te. I7?s) attested 1/12/15, n-Ieased medieally unfit 6/11/17. 
I.AWKKNCK, i'. Pte (756), attested i/i::'is, demobilised 7/10/19. 

S'l l-'.VKXS, K i: , Sir i. 17=71, attisted i [2/15, Cpl 16/10/16, Sst 1/5/17, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
I. A II.l-.i'l:, I, . s-.-i I75M, attested l/ia is, Si'.t. i/i2/is, released medically unfit 12/9/17. 
FKKNCHMAX. C. A ., I'te. 17511), attested 1/12/15, released medically unfit 8/12/15. 
RAATX, J. I., I'te. (760), attested 1/12/15, releaseil medically unlit 1/7/18. 
XU'HiiI.SOX, J. W., Pte. (761), attested I/M/IJ, S.N.L.R. 7/12/15. 
ENGELBRKCHT, C-, Pte. (762), attested 1/12/15, demobilised 11/7/10. 
HANIKL, .1. I'te i7'i?l, atti-sted I/I3/I5, released medic-ally unfit 17/12/15. 
DAV1I1S, I , Pte (764), attested 1/12/15, demobilised 8/9/10. 

VISIII-.K, I> .1, a/Set. (765), attested i .'12 '15, Cpl. 15/10(17, a/Sift. 10/5/19, demobilised 16/7/19. 
JAC')I!S, I C., I'te. (766), attested i/12/is, released me.lically unfit 8/7/17. 
SOLOMON, A., Sgt (767), attested 1/12/15, Cpl. 1/12/15, Sirt. 23/12/16, released medically unfit 12/11/17, 


McKINNON, R. H. \V., Pte. (768), attested i/i2/i<:, demobilised 8/10/19. 
.Mil.! S, i , pt, (769), attested 1/12/15, S.N.L.R. 21/6/17. 
HARRIS, A H., Pte. (770), attested 1/12/15. demobilised 11/10/19. 
MORRIS, T, Pte. (771), attested 1/12/15, released medically unfit 13/8/17. 
WII.DSCHUT, N., Pte. (772), attested 1/12/15, released medically unfit 6/12/18. 



FEBRUARY, C., Ptc. (773), attested 1/12/15, S.X.L.R. 6/12/18. 

OLKHKS, Jl. J., Ptc. (774), attested X/13/IJ, released medically unfit 8/3/16 

NICHOLSON, 1'. T., I'll'. (775), attested 1/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

1'ADIA, !; , I'll-. (770), alte>lcd 1/12/15, released medically unlit 10/12/15. 

TH1< K(>.\, 1C., 1'tc. (777), attested i/i.'/lj, released medically unfit 22/8/17. 

CASPER, J. J., I'te. (77.S), attested 1/12/15, demobilised 29/12/18. 

KKMMY, I'le. (77v>, allesled 1/12/15, released medically unfit 6/6/18, signaller. 

TlSSoxr,, \V , I'ti''. (780), altolid 1/12/15, demobilised 2/1/19 

FELIX, C, I'te. (7X1), altesled 1/12/15, died of appendicitis 19/9/16. 

SASS, i> , 1'ie. (782), attested i a 15, S.N.L.R 11/10/17. 

SPORT, '1 , P ttesled i 12 i,s died of maralia 29/4/16. 

GREENWOOD, I)., 1'lc. (7.s.|l, attested 1/12/15, released medically unlit 13/12 

IOMCPH, G , !'u ' ', attested i 18/1.5, died of blackwater 10/1/17. 

GOKDON, II., I'H- |;86), attested i '12.15, dcm. >l)ilised 29/7/19. 

1IK\ M>, G., I'le. 17*7), attested 1 11 i-, r< leased medically unfit 3/9/17. 

C.OKIIOX, ]'. , I'te (788), attested 1 IS/IS, released medically unfit 2S/n 

HENDRICKS, A., I'le. (789), attested i,' 12/15, (lied of malaria 21/10/16. 

VAN \VVK, J., i '1 medically unlit 20'it/iy. 

WHITEBoo], H., I'te. 17111], attested i 12 11, released medically unfit 27/1/16. 

BI.ANKENBERG, J , Pte. 17-12), attested i u i--, released medically unlit 4/2/16. 

I'.U'I.SH, T., I'te. '79.;), allesled 1/12/15, released medically unlit 11/12/15. 

SOLDAAT, \V., I'te. (794), atlested i 12 i=, demobilised 16/7/19. 

LAKEY, J., I'le. 171,1), altesti'd i 12/15, S.N.L R. 30/1/17. 

JOHNS' >\, .1, Pte. (796)1 altesled 1/12/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 

sTT'.PMKX, \, I'te. 17117), atlested I/I2 15, killed ill action 20/9/18. 

CAREI.S1-:, i. . Pte. 179.^1, allesled i i-' 1=;, relea.-i d medically unfit 3/9'i7. 

MAART, 1C, I'le. (-D9), attested i 12 11, released m. dically until 28/4/18. 

JACOlil S, .1 , I'll. I8oo), attested 1/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

VAN 7.VI., K., I'le. (801), altesled 1'12,'I1, demobilised 7.9/19. 

ABRAHAMS, S, Pte. 13), atte ted i 12/15, demobilised 10/10 M 

ADRIAANSE, E. H., I'te. (803), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 6/12/15 

SAMI'SON, W. S., Pte. (804), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 24/7/17. 

PEARsov, p., I'te. [805), attested 3/12/15, demobilised 25/12/18. 

DAVlhs, ]> , Pte. iSofi), attested 2/12/15, demobilised 29/7/19. 

MENTOR, I) , Cpl. (Sn?), attested 2/12/15, Cpl. 1/4/18, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 

PORTHEN, P., Pte. (808), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 

DE VII.I.IERS, I. J., Cpl. (809), 2/12/15, Cpl. 3/12/15, died of dysentery 2/12/16. 

JONES, A, Pte. (810), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 17/12/15. 

MEYER, J., Pte. (8n), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 8/8/17. 

BAILEY, D. H., Pte. (812), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 24/2/18. 

DANIELS, M., Pte. (813), attested 2/12/is, demobilised 7/10/19. 

THEUNIS, C. A., Pte. (814), allesled 2 ,'12/1.1, demobilised 11/7/19. 

WILLIS, H. J., Pte. (815), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 

BURNS, J., Pte. (,816), attested 2/12/15, demobilised 16/7/19 

\VATKINS, J., Pte. 1X17). allesled 2/12/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 

IIRINKIiriS, j , I'te. (SiS) attested 2 12 15, d< mobilised 7/10/19. 

DAVIDS, !'., I'le. (819), attested 2/I2/I?, demobilised 13/9/17. 

I'At 1 sicx, A., Pti , 2/12/15, discharged 9/1 /i8. 

PAYNE, P., I'le. (821), attested 2/12/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 

THOM\S, T., I'te. (822), attested 2 u IS, demobilised 28/8/19. 

SMITH, I'., Pte 1X23), allesled 2/I2/I1, demobilised 7/10/19. 

SCHOI.TZ, 1. !., Pte. (824), attested a/ia/15, killed in action 20/9/18. 

ALIES, J. H., Set. (825), attested 2/12/15, Cpl. 11/12/16, a/Sgt. n/.(/i7, Sgt. 1/4/18, demobilised 8/10/19, 

qualified lirst-class siv:uallilik r instructor, mentioned in despatches, East Africa. 
McLACIlI.AN, I. H., Pte. (826), altested : '12/15, S.N.L.R. 29/2/16. 
.SCHROICDER, T., I'te 1X27), attested 2/I2/I1, died of typhoid iS/8/i8. 
WATSON, A., Pte. (828), attested 2/12 15, released medically unfit 25/1/16. 
FREDERICKS, H. J. (M.M.), Cpl. (839), attested 2/12/15, Cpl. 23/3/17, demobilised 8/9/19, regimental 

UiiLrler and medical coriMiral. 

APPOI.I.IS. ! '., Pie (830), attested 2/12/1,, demobilised 11/7/19. 
FISHER, J., Pte. (831)", attested 2/12/11, released medically unfit u/7/i8. 
WILLIAMS, A., Pte. 1X32), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 28/11/17. 
ROBERTS, J., I'te. (831), attested 2/u/ii, killed in action 20/9/18. 
BAGLEY, A., Pte. (834), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
DAVIDS, F. C., Pte. (835), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 3/9/17. 
ERASMUS, C., Pte. (8?l>), atleslid 2/12/11, demobilised 7/9/19. 
MUNKOK, p., Pte. (S (7 ), attested 2/12/15, S.N.L.R. 29/2 '16. 

WILLIAMS, C., L./Cpl. (838), attested 2/12/15, L./Cpl. 30/6/17, released medically unfit 17/1/19. 
FOIIRIE, I., Pte. (839), attested 2/12/11, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 
FORBES, A. J., Pte. (840), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 5/1/16. 
McPHRRSON, N., Pte. (841), attested 2/12/15, demobilised 2/1/19 
SYMKS, TL, Pte (842), attested 2/13/15, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified f.rst-class signaller, mentioned in 

despatches, East Africa. 

SMITH, P., Pte. (X.|3) attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 10/3/16. 
SLINGER, J-, Pte. (844), attested 2/12/15, died of dystentery 20/6/16 
SMITH, P., Cpl. (845), attested 2/12/15), Cpl. 7/12/15, died of influenza 11/10/18. 
OLIVER, J., Cpl. (846), attested 2/12/15, L./Cpl. 19/1/16, Cpl 1/11/18, demobilised 16/7.19, passed trench 

\varfare and bombing courses. 

CARELS, D. A., Pte. (847), attested 2/12/15, demobilised 27/12/18. 
GELDENHUIS, J., Pte. (848), attested 2/12/15, released medically unfit 25/1/16. 
API.OiiN, T., I'te. (X.|ijl, allesled 2/12/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 

FREDERICKS, N. J., p;e. (850), attested 3/12/15, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
CHRISTIANS, W., Pte. (851), attested 3/12/15, released medically unfit 6/7/17. 
STANDLEIT, T., Pte. (852), attested 3/12/11, released medically unfit 4/2/16. 
FREDERICKS, K., Pte. (853), attested 3/12/15, released medically unfit 18/8/17. 
ADAMS, J., Pte. (854), attested 3/12/15, released medically unfit 6/12/15. 
NORMAN, D., Pte. (855), attested 3/12/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 
McCAI.LUM, W., Pte. (856), attested 3/12/15, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 

BAILEY,.;., Pte. (857), attested 3/12/15, demobilised 9/10/19. 
crpino, I,., Pte. (858), attested 3/12/15, demobilised 16/7/19. 



HANS. S, 1'tc i.xsul, nttostid .; . i - 15, released medically unlit 5/9/I7- 

uri.i., i-' i 1 , pic (860), atti 3 15, rrlia-nl medically unfit 28/11/17. 

II.iFFMAX, ]'. W, C .1.1 M.s (861), attest, ,1 -, 12 i,, C.o.M.S. I/3/I7, killed in action 20/9/18 

IIAXMKK, I', S . attested ,; a/lf, Cpl. i.t.7/K>, st. n/i2/i'i, released medieally unfit 2.1/9/17, 

..aller, auarded Italian bronze medal. 

AI.KXAXDKK, 1'., Ptc 863), attested s :- IS, ri leased medically unfit 11/5/17. 
SIMPSON, . , atlisud ; 12 :;. I. Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 7/9/19 

KKI'.U i , ] , ilestcd ; 12/15, released medicaily tltltit 3/12/17.'>, J, i't' (866), attested 3/13/15, demobilise.! j 

KAY, R. 1 ; ., i'te. lSt'7), attested 4 i-' i^, dciiiobil' d trench warfare and bombing COU 

WILLIAMS, C. R, Ss;t. (868), attested 4/13 15, I. Cpl .1/12/15, Cpl. 5/7/17, SKI. 15/10/17, released 

medieally until 

\YATKK\V1CH, .1 C, Set. (869), attested : : ; , demobilised 6/1/19. 

<,1KT/1:X, G., I. Cpl (870), attested 4/U/I5, I../Cpl. I/II/l8, demuliilised 7/10/19. 
Pl-ThRSKX, J. P., 1'U (871), attested i ij i ;, sXL.K. 13/2/18. 
KU.IoTT, W., Ft.-, (872), attested i 12 . i.= , sXLK. i, 

DI-: JoNi.Il, !'. N . Syt (873), attested 4 i : 15, SKI. .1/12/15, died of dysentery 2/10/16. 
TWYNAM, \V., Cpl. (874), attested .', 12 IS, Cpl I 12 15. rcvmcd to 1'te. 18/2/18, a/Sj-t. 20/4/18, Cpl 

is, demolnlisid 7.1" 10, passed u'cucral XC.o's ro'.irse. 

I.VUIMI'U, \V. !' .., Silt. IS75I, attestid 4/12/15, S K I. 4/12/15, dellHjbilised 8/8/19. 
SMIT, J., Cpl (8715), attested 1 12 is Cpl. i .-, 17. deinobilise<l n : 
SICI'TI-'.MI'.ICK, M, I'ti (877), Jlttesteil .] 1 2 1^, demobilised 7/9/19. 
STANIUvk, I, I'te. l,s'7,SI, attc'ste<l .(/12/is rel.ase.l in. dieally unlit 18/8 17 
CIIklSToI'I-;;!., D. 1'te (870), attested | 12 i;, r<'leased r.iedieally unlit 9/8/17- 
I'JNTO, 1, Pie. (880), attested ; i _ i;, released medically unlit 6/7/17. 
MARTIN, F., I'te. iSSH, attested 5/12/15, S.N.I..K. 31/1 |6. 

VAVIC.KI-:, A A, Cpl I.SS2), attisted 5/12/15 Cpl. 7/jo ih, released medically unfit 18/8/17, pioneer. 

M.l'SK. \V . 1'te. [883), attcsud 5 12 15, released medieally unfit 20/11/17. 

Kt'ITHKS, II. 1'te (8X.|), attested s/i-',i5, r<-lease<l medieally unlit 14/6/17. 

I'lU-TKK, A, St. (885), attested 5/12/15, I. Cpl. 5/12.' 15, Ci)l. 4/10/16, Sut. 5/12/16, released medically 

unfit 27/7717. 
PUI'I-'I-'K, I',, I'll- ISS6), attested 5/12/15, ilemobilised I ,/ I / 10, .signaller. 

BRING, II., Pte 887), attested 5/12/15, demobilised 1.5/1/19. 

PHILLIPS, n, ' , attested <> i- i;. Cpl 17 2 n>, released uu-ilically unfit 25/4/18. 

MANSION, 1-' , I' 1 , melted 0/12/15, released m< dically unlit 23/12/15. 

:>ANIl-:i.S, S., 1'te (890), atti-ted (, 12 is, died of wounds 22/9/18. 
P.ICN1AM1N, J, I'te. (S,,,| T att.'Sted t, 13/15, sXI.K X;s/i 7 . 
ADAMS, A., Pte isvi, ailesied h/12/15, released medieally unfit 28/7/16. 
PKTKKSKN, )., Pte.' i.s.i-,1, attestid d 12 15, demohiliscfl 11/7/19. 

HliXUKICKS, C., Cpl. 1*94), attested 0/12/15, I..- Cpl. 24/0/17, Cpl. 18/6/18, demobilised 11/7/19. 
SYl.VhsTI'.k, J , Pte. (895), attested 6/12/15, S.N.I..R. 31/1/16. 

JAI-'THA, .1., Pte l.Wi), attest<-d (.,12/15, released medically unlit 23/9/17, rej-imental busier. 
\VII.SoX, C II, Pie. l.Si)7), attested 0/12/15, released medicaily unlit 0/1/17. 
J1KA/.KK, \\'., I'te. (SoSI, attested 6/12/15, rel<-ased medieally unfit 27/7/17. 
ABRAHAMS. J \V., Pie (899), attested o .'12 '15, drmobilised 6/1/19. 
JtlSlU'A, C, Pie ii|:">), attestid 6/13 15, demobili^eil 7/10/19. 
Koo/. A, P. Pie. d)oi), attested 6/12/1^, released medieallv unfit I2,'ii'!7. 
I IIoi-'MUisTUR, II., a Sat. (902), attested 6/12/15, Cpl. 1/4/18, a/Sgt. 19/10/18, demobilised 7/10/19, 

-lit course. 

KAYKS, I., Pte. (903), attested 6/12/15, released medii'ally unfit 23/7/17. 
(.1C Kor.X, II. D., Sgt. l<j"|), attestcil 0/12/15, SKI. 0/12/15, released medically unfit 24/7/17, rejoined 

iiit'ler No. 4285. 

I.ANt.l ol<I>, \v., Pte. (yoO, attested 6/12/15, Sgt. 6/12/15, reverted to I'te. 30/3/17, demobilised 55/12/18. 
T.MMKTT, C.. II., Pte. (906), attested 6/12/15, rel. a-ed medically unfit 14/11/17. 
HoI.I.oNVAY, P., 1'te. (907), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 17/1/19. 
ADONIS. I . Pte (908), altested 0/12/15, d< mobilised 30/12/19. 
orixToX, C. H., a/Sjjt. (909), attested o/i2'is Cpl. (1/12/15, a/Sgl. 15/10/17, released medieally unfit 


WALSH, J. M., Pte. (nio>, attesled 6/12/15, released medieally unfit 12/5/17. 
SOI>M.\X, .1. \v , Pte. (yin, attested 6/12/1=, demobilised 11/7/19. 
I1KLI''OKI>, t;. S, 1'te [9121, allesleil 6/I2/I5, demobilised -,'10/19. 
11KXDKRSOX, .1. Pie (913), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 5/3 V) 
M \N. W, I. Cpl k,I.|l, attested 6/13 15, L./Cpl. 2/11/17, killed in action 20/9/18. 

1IAKMT7-, A. I.., I.. /Cpl. (915), attested 0/12/15, I.. /Cpl. 1/11/18, demobilised 8/9/19, signaller. 
CARKI.SE, J., a/L./Syt. I., no, attested (1/12/15, Cpl. 20/4/18, a/I../S>it. 10/5/19, demobilised 29/7/19. 
HICCToR, A. S., Pie. (917), attesied o 13 ,5, reli-a-ed medically unlit K'S/17- 
DICSMouic, p., Pte. (918), attested 6 I3/IS, released medically unlit ,1/4/16. 
1'ICTICKSICN, .1., Pie (919), attested &/H/I5, releas.-d meilieally unfit 8/8/17. 

\l!RA\i^, G, Pie. (92"), attested o 12/15, demobilised 6/10/19. 

DI''. YOS, J., I'te. HI:I|, atti-ti'il 5/I2/I5, demobilised 22/7/19. 

CIIITTICK, C , Pl<- (.1221, altested 6/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

CKOY, J , Pte. (923), altc-ied o I2/I5, released medically unlit 27/4/17. 

IOHANSKX, .1 S., . I, attested 6/12/15, Cpl. 6/12/15, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 

VYFKK, 1', Pie I-, 2-1, attesled 0/12/15, died of pulmonary phthisis 21/5/16. 

LOMP.AKD, C., L./Cpl. (920), an- : , I. Cpl 6 15, died of tuberculosis 30/9/16. 

MORRIS, J , I'le. |.,27I, atleste<l 6/13 15, die.l of malaria 8/6 (6. 

MATIIICWS. I)., 1'te. (,,2M, attesled 6/I2/I5, released meilieally unfit 24/9/17. 

I'lDO, .1 , I'le. (0201, attested 6/12/1.5, released medically unfit 7/12/15. 
1)1' PUI'.P./, ' . ' . CSted W/15, <lied ol infhienxa 14/1 

JACOlirs. I>, I'le. (931), all. -.led 6/12/15, demobilised 10/7/10. 
WILLIAMS, \V , Pte. (932), attested 6/I2/IS, released medically uutit 7/12/15. 
JAColSS, S, P!< (933), all. sled 0/12/15, released medically unfit 7/12/1.5. 
SEPTEMBER, W., I 1 15, released medieally unfit 17/6/18. 

\HKAII.\MS c, . . atu-sied 6/12/15, released nu-dically unfit 26/9/17.;x, E-, I'll (936), attested 6 11 15, n-l.-as. d medically unfit 7/12/15. 
JAI-TIIA, \ , P i , S N I..R. 23/4/17 

AYoxTrrK, i), pte 938), atti . ejected 15,12/15. 

STICADY, J., Pte. I93DI, atlesied o/u/is, Cpl. 2/11/17, was Tiansport Sc rgeant for some time, reverted to 

I'd 01 mobilised 7/9/ni. 

CLARKK, T I , Pte d,.,.,), attested 6/I2/1S, S.X.L.R. 31/1/16. 


F., Pte. (976), attested 7/12/15, rejected 15/12/15. 

R D, Set. (077), attested 7/12/15, Cpl. 7/12/15, Sgt. 11/12/16, released medically unfit 22/3/18. 
IN, H. W.. Pte. (978), attested 7/12/15, Sgt. 7/12/15, reverted to Pte. 14/6/18, demobilised 5/2/19. 
:KAMP, J. B., Sgt. (979), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 7/12/15, Cpl. 1/4/18, a/Sgt. 27/10/18, Sgt 


JORDAAN, J. M., Pte. (941), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 

VAN WYK, R., Pte. (942), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 5/2/19. 

PETERSEN, J. J., Sgt. (943), attested 6/12/15, Sgt. 6/12/15, demobilised 21/7/19, Shoemaker Sgt., passed 

general N.C.O.'s course. 

IORDAAN, H. J., L./Cpl. (9^4), attested 6/12/15, L./Cpl. 23/3/17, released medically unfit 12/5/18. 
MEYERS, W. F., Pte. (945), attested 6/12/15, released medically unfit 22/12/15. 
ORPEN li , L./Cpl. (946), attested 6/12/15, L./Cpl. 6/12/15, leleased medically unfit 30/9/16. 
STEYN, J., L./Sgt. (947), attested 6/12/15, L./Cpl. 1/4/18, a/Cpl 2/4/18, Cpl. 1/7/18, L./Sgt. 1/11/18, 

demobilised 12/8/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 

ARNOLDUS, A., Pte. (948), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
DEVEREAUX, H., Pte. (949), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
BAUMAN, A., Pte. (950), attested 6/12/15, died of dysentery 30/8/17. 
CAKKLSON, M., Pte. (951), attested 6/12/15, released medically unfit 13/9/17 
DAVIS, C., Pte. (952), attested 6/12/15, released medically unfit 24/2/18. 
JOHNSON, J., Pte. (953), attested 6/12/15, released medically unfit 23/12/15. 
GORDON, J., Pte. (954), attested 6/12/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 
DANIELS, J. J., Pte. (955), attested 6/12/15, released medically unfit 17/1/16. 
ARENDSE, G., Pte. (956), attested 7/12/15, killed in action 6/11/17. 
SAMUELS, I., Pte. (957), attested 7/12/15, rejected 27/12/15. 
JACOBS, H., Pte. (958), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 29/12/18. 
ABRAHAMS, J., Pte. (959), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 23/2/16 
LIDDLE. J., Pte. (960), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
PETERSEN, J., Pte. (961), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 15/8/17. 
PLAATJES, A, Pte. (962), attested 7/12/15, died of blackwater 26/4/17. 

ABRAHAMS, F., Pte. (963), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 
ECKSTEIN, W., Pte. (964), attested 7/12/15, S.N.I, R. 31/1/16. 
ROSS, J., Pte. (965), attested 7/12/15, rejected 15/12/15. 

FAIRLING, W., L./Cpl. (966), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 30/6/17, demolilised 27/12/18. 
SHELDON, E., Pte. (967), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 11/7/19. 
FRENCHMAN, J., Pte. (968), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 23/5/18. 
OCTOBER, J., a/Sgt. (969), attested 7/12/15, Cpl. 1/4/18, a/Sgt. 19/10/18, demobilised 21/7/19. 
JANUARY, H., Pte. (970), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
7.JEDEL J., Pte. (971), attested 7/12/15, died of malaria 4/10/16. 
FREDERICKS, P., Pte. (972), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
HARTZENBERG, H., Pte. (973), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 24/7/17- 
GERT7.E, J., Pte. (974), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 13/9/1?- 
TAFTHAS, S., Pte. (975), attested 7/12/15, died of malaria 3/8/16. 
GROSS, F., Pte. (976), attested 7/12/15, rejected 15/12/15. 

1/11/18, demobilised 7/10/19. 
SCHROEDER, F. (M.M.), L./Cpl. (980), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 7/12/15., killed in action 6/11/17. 
RHODA, R., L./Cpl. (981), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 7/12/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
FILIES, J J., Pte. (982), attested 7/12/15, missing, death accepted 15/4/17. 
M4RAIS, M., L./Cpl. (983), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 20/5/18, demobilised 8/9/19. 
LEWIS, D., Pte. (984), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 13/5/18. 
PIENAAR, F., Pte. (985), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 16/7/19, qualified signaller. 
FREDERICKS, C., Pte. (986), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
WEBSTER, F. W., Pte. (987), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 12/11/17 
DAVIDS, C., Pte. (988), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
PLAATJES, J., Pte. (989), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 24/2/19. 
SKIPPERS, F., L./Sgt. (090), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 7/12/15, Cpl. 11/1/17, a/Sgt. 5/7/i8, L./Sgt. 

i/n/iS, demobilised 16/7/19. 

DU PLOOY, H., Pte. (991), attested 7/12/15, S.N.L.R. 17/7/17. 
HILL, R, Pte. (992), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 4/8/17. 
MINORDS, H., Pte. (993), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 31/8/17. 
LEWIS, C., Pte. (994), attested 7/12/15, died of malaria 7/5/18. 
DE VILLIERS, F., L./Cpl. (995), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
DIEDERICKS, G., Pte. (996), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 21/7/19, passed scout course. 
WICK, H., Pte. (997), attested 7/12/15, rejected 21/12/15. 
ADONIS, H., Pte. (998), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 16/4/19. 
EVERTS, E., Pte. (999), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 15/11/19 
THEUNIS, J. J., Pte. (1000), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 23/2/16. 
LEVINE, L., Pte. (1001), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 26/8/19. 

ARENDSE, S. I., Pte. (1002), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 30/9/18. ,,., 

RAYNARDT, C. W., L./Cpl. (1003), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 7/12/15, released medically unfit 16/8/17- 
WILLIAMS, J. E., Pte. (1004), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 30/11/17. 
MOSES, D., Pte. (1005), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 28/10/19. 

STEVENS, T., L./Cpl. (1006), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 5/1/17, demobilised 2/1/19. 
DE PARSE, F., Pte. (1007), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 
JOHNSTON, W., Cpl. (1008), attested 7/12/15, i./Cpl. 7/12/15, Cpl. 14/12/16, demobilised 27/10/19.. 
LANDSMAN, C., Pte. (1009), attested 7/12/15, Cpl. 9/12/15, reverted to Pte. 28/9/17, released medically 

unfit 20/10/17. 

SHELDON, C., L./Cpl. (1010), attested 7/12/15, L./Cpl. 1/7/18, demobilised 11/7/19. 
FORTUIN, D., Pte. (ion), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
SEPTEMBER, J., Pte. (1012), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17 
PETERSEN, J., Pte. (1013), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
MARTHINUS, S., Pte. (1014), attested 7/12/15, demobilisel 11/7/19 
CUPIDO, J., Pte. (1015), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 14/8/17. 
OSBORNE, J., Pte. (1016), attested 7/12/15, died of enteritis 18/1/17. 
PETERSEN, A., Pte. (1017), attested 7/12/15, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 
WEBER, K., Pte. (1018), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 15/8/17- 
MARTHINUS, H, Pte. (1019), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 16/7/19. 
DANIELS, M., Pte. (1020), attested 7/12/15, S.N.L.R. 2/7/18. . 

OCTOBER, C., Pte. (1021), attested 7/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19, qualified ist class signaller. 
DE WET, J., Pte. (1022), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
STAINER, F., Pte (1023), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 18/8/17. , , . 

VAN DER WESTHUISEN, H., Pte. (1024), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 17/12/15. 
"VAN WYK, T., Pte. (1025), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 27/6/17. 


Hri I C, Ptc. (1026), attested 7/12/15, released medically unfit 26/9/17. 

KOLBEE, D. G., Pte. (1027), attested 8/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

MATTHEWS, M., 1'te. (1028), attested 8/12/1.--, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 

POOLE, A., rte. (1029), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 25/9/18. 

JURY, A., Pte. (1030), attested 8/12/15. S.N.I..R. 13/5/17. 

KARSTEN, 1'.. -Set. (1031), attested 8/12/15, Sgt. 8/12/15, released medically unfit 13/9/17 

GOI.IATH, l-\, Ci>l. ii"32>, attested 8/12/15, L./Cpl. i/4/iS, Cpl. i/n/i8, demobilised 21/7/19, qualified 

Lewis Gun Instructor. 

ARMSTRONG. .1., 1'te. (1033), attested 8/12/15, demobilised 1/1/19. 
PRETOKIUS J, 1'te. (1034), attested 8/12/15, released medically unlit 13/9/17. 
VAN REENEN, E., Pte. (low), attested 8/12/15, released medically unlit 2/8/17. 
HYDE, J., Pte. (1036), attested 8/12/15, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 
DAVIDS, J., Pte. (1037), attested 8/12/15, killed in action <>; 11/17. 
KAREI.E, J., .Sgt. (1038), attested 8/12/15, Sgt. 8/12/15, reverted to Pte 20/8/16, a/Sgt. 7/7/17, sgt. 

1/4/18, demobilised 10/10/19, passed physical and bayonet courses. 
THOMPSON, J., Cpl. (1039), attested 8/12/15, Cpl. 9/11/1=., died of malaria 13/9/16. 
KENSBfRG, A., Pte. (1040), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 5/1/17. 
VELKERS, P., Pte. (1041), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 2/2/17. 
ANDKIES, J., Pte. (io42)j attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 27/12/15. 
V\AISE, J., Pte. (1043), attested 8/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 
UITHALDER, B., Pte. (1044), attested 8/12/15, demobilised 28/8/19. 
ANDREWS,- C., Pte. (1045), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 22/8/16. 
B1RCHAM, R., R.S.M. (1046), attested 8/12/15, K.S.M. 8/12/15, transferred to U.D.F. 31/12/15, European 


GREY, R.Q.M.S. (1047), attested 8/12/15, transferred to U.D.F. 12/12/15, European personnel. 
MILLS, w. T., Staff Sgt. (1048), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 8/2/16, European personnel. 
BETTS, F. W. E. (D.C.M.), K.S.M. (1049), attested 8/12/15, R.Q.M.S. 22/9/16, R.S.M. 1/1/17, released 

medically unfit 29/12/17, European personnel. 

CASSIDY, C.S.M. (1050), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 4/5/17- European personnel. 
WIGMAN, W T., C.S.M. (1051), attested 8/12/15, commissioned to Cape Corpe 21/7/16, European personnel 
PATI-KSOX, D. A., C.S.M. (1052), attested 8/12/15, to S.A.I.. Corps 29/11/16. European personnel. 
CLENNEL, I., C.S.M. (1053), attested 8/12/15, released medically unfit 14/2/18, European personnel. 
KI.ASSEN, C., Pte. (1054), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 22/8/17. 
SYLVESTER, H., L./Cpl. (1055), attested 9/12/15, L./Cpl. 15/10/17, demobilised 23/7/19, N.C.O. i/c. 

Drum and Fife Baud. 

COURT, E., Cpl. (1056), attested 9/12/15, Cpl. 1/3/17, S.N.L.R. 17/2/18. 
ST. CLAIR, S., Pte. (1057), attested 9/12 '15, released medically unfit 13/8/17. 
NEFDT, J., Cpl. (1058), attested 9/12/15, L./Cpl. 9/12/15, Cpl. 1^5/10/17, demobilised 23/9/19, passed 

grenade discharging and scout courses. 

LYNX, A., Pte. (1059), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 16/6/16. 
JOSHUA, F., Pte. (1060), attested 9/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 
ISAACS, A., Pte. (1061), attested 9/12/15, demobilised 31/12/18. 
SMITH, M., Pte. (1062), attested 9/12/15, demobilised 11/7/19.' 
GREEN, H., Pte. (1063), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 27/12/15. 
MEYER, J-, Sgt. (1064), attested 9/12/15, Cpl. (a/Sgt.) 9/12/15, Sgt. 25/3/18, demobilised 21/7 i ,. 

qualified ist class machine gunner. 

LANGEVELDT, C. J., Pte. (1065), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 27/12/15. 
LOUIS, A. M., Sgt. (1066), attested 9/12/15, Sgt. 25/12/15, released medically unfit 1/5/18. 
HENDRICKS, A. J. (D.C.M.), a/R.Q.M.S. (1067), attested 9/12/15, C.Q.MS. 9/12/15, a/C.S.M. 23/9/18, 

a/R.Q.M.S. 3/3/19, demobilised 10/10/19, passed general N.C.O.'s course, mentioned in despatches, 

East Africa and Palestine. 

HARDING, W. J., Pte. (1068), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
HENDRICKS, P., Pte. (1069), attested 9/12/15, demobilised 2/1/19. 
BARTLETT, H. R., Pte. (1070), attested 9/12/15, S.N.L.R. 18/10/18. 
PHILIPS, H. R., Pte. (1071), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 18/8/17. 
DE VOS, A. P., Sgt. (1072), attested 9/12/15, a/Sgt. 13/3/18, Sgt. 29/9/18, demobilised 8/9/19, Shoemaker 

Sgt. 1918/19. 

WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (1073), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
VYFER, F. J., Pte. (1074), attested 9/12/15," released medically unfit 26/1/16. 

vro, N. J., Pte. (1075), attested 9/12/15, released m< die -ally ""fit 8/2/18. 
ABDOL, A., Pte. (1076), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 37/12/15. 
\VHITEMAN C , Pte. (1077), attested 9/12/15), released medically unfit 28/7/16. 
RAMKS, J., Pte. (1078), attested 9/12/15, released medically unfit 23/8/17. 
ADAMS, G, Pte. (1079), attested 10/12/15, released medically unfit 12/11/17. 
VALENTINE, J., Pte. (1080), attested 10/12/15, S.N.L.R. 6/1/16. 
VAN HAARTE, M., Pte. (1081), attested 10/12/15, died of malaria 24/3/16. 
ANTHONY, J., Pte. (1082), attested 11/12/15, demobilised 8/9/19. 
RUDOLPH, J., Pte. (1083), attested 11/12/15, released medically unfit 27/6/17 
VALENTINE, A., Pte. (1084), attested 11/12/15, released medically unfit 8/2/16. 
WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (1085), attested 11/12/15, released medically unfit 21/7/18. 
ROSE, E-, Pte. (1086), attested 11/12/15, released medically unfit 27/12/15. 
GROEP, J., L./Sgt. (1087), attested 11/12/15, Cpl. 18/12/16, a/Sgt. 6/10/18, L./Sgt. 1/11/18, demobilised 

21/7/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 
SWAP.TZ, w., a/Cpl. (1088), attested ii;i2/i5, L./Cpl. 1/4/18, a/Cpl. 2/4/18, demobilised 21/7/19, 

passed scout and grenade discharging courses. 

WILLIAMS, T, L./Cpl. (1089), attested 12/12/15, L./Cpl. 5/7/18, demobilised 7/9/19. 
CROWIE, H., Pte. (1090), attested 11/12/1$, demobilised 7/9/19, signaller. 
CROWIE, G. E., Pte. (1091), attested 12/12/15, released medically unfit 4/1/16. 
TWYNHAM, D. F., (D.C.M.), a/R.S.M. (1092), attested 12/12/15, C.S.M. 18/9/16, a/R.S.M. 11/10/17, 

discharged 12/8/18, mentioned in despatches, East Africa. 
KNIPE, T. J., Cpl. 11093), attested 12/12/15, L./Cpl. 1/6/1.7, Cpl. 1/4/18, died of malaria 12/8/19, qualified 

ist class signaller. 

THOMPSON, F. W., Pte. (1094), attested 12/12/15, released medically unfit 15/12/15. 
GOODSELL, A., Pte. (1095), attested 12/12/15, released medically unfit 4/1/16 
STEVENS, J.. Pic. (1096), attested 12/12/15, demobilised 21/7/19. 
ABRAHAMS, J, fie. (1097), attested 13/12/15, demobilised 2'i/i9. 
ABEL, J., Pte. (1098), attested 13/12/15, releasid medically unfit 23/12/15. 
BENJAMIN, P., Pte. (1009), attested 15/12/15, demobilised 7/10/19. 

INS, H , Pte. (lino), attested 13/12/15, demobilised 8/9/19, signaller. 
DAVIDS, J., Pte. (uoi), attested 13/12/15, "demobilised 8/9/19. 


HERMANUS J a/Cpl. (1102), attested 13/12/15, a/Cpl. 1/3/19, demobilised 8/9/19, Lewis gunner. 

WAIHUTEK C I'te. (1103), attested 13/12/15, demobilised 16/7/19, drum and fife band. 

VAN DFR REEDE, !'., fie- (1104), attested 13/12/15, demobilised 31/12/18. 

KOLBEE F J, Pte. (1105), attested 13/12/15, died of influenza 3/10/18. 

SMITH C I, /Cpl (1106), attested 13/12/15, L.Cpl. 16/11/18, demobilised 8/9/19, qualified Lewis gunner 

WELCOME, I., Pte. (1107), attested 13/12/15, demobilised 2/1/19. 

BURM\N R Pte (1108), attested 13/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19, qualified ist class signaller. 

GOLIATH J Cpl (1109), attested 14/12/15, Cpl. 15/12/15, released medically unfit 3/3/17. 

PHILLIPS, J., Pte. duo), attested 14/12/15, released medically unfit 7/1/16. 

JACOBS, C., Pte. (mi), attested 14/12/15, demobilised 21/11/19. 

KRIEL C. D., Pte. (1112), attested 14/12/15, released medically unfit 23/12/15. 

OCKHUIS, J., Pte. (1113), attested 14/12/15, released medically unfit 27/4/17. 

TOBIAS P Pte (1114), attested 14/12/15, released medically unlit 12/6/16. 

ADAMS A, Pte. (1115), attested 15/12/15, released medically unfit 3/12/17. 

GREENFIELD, J. W., Pte. (1116), attested 15/12/15, S.N.L.R. 28/1/17. 

MASON, J. W., a/Cpl. (in?), attested 15/12/15, L./Cpl. 24/6/17, a/Cpl. i/.n/i8, demobilised 29/7/19, 
Qualified Lewis Gun Instructor. 

JANSEN J Pte (1:18), attested 16/12/15, released medically unfit 25/1/16. 

VAN ROOY J, Pte. (1119), attested 16/12/15, released medically unfit 28/11/17. 

DE VOS, W , Pte. (1120), attested 16/12/15, released medically unfit 7/1/16. 

VAN WVK, R., Pte. (1121), attested 17/12/15, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 

THOMAS, M. P., L./Sgt. (1122), attested 17/12/15, Cpl. 24/6/17, L./Sgt. 18/6/18, demobilised 7/10/19, 
passed grenade discharging course. 

ROSI' F Pte. (1123), attested 17/12/15, released medically unfit 20/7/17. 

MUNNICK, J., Pte. (1124), attested 17/12/15, released medically unfit 20/4/16. 

FREDERICKS, F., Pte. (1125), attested 17/12/15, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 

POULTON, A. J., Pte. (1126), attested 17/12/15, demobilised 28/8/19. 

LA VITA, H. W., C.Q.M.S. (1127), attested 17/12/15, L./Cpl. 1/1/16, Sgt. 1/4/16, C.Q.M.S. 13/12/18, 
demobilised 10/10/19, mentioned in despatches. East Africa. 

CAMPBELL, W., Pte. (1128), attested 20/12/15, demobilised 19/2/19. 

PETEKSKN, C. J., Cpl. (1129), attested 21/12/15, Cpl. 21/12/15, released medically unfit 24/9/17. 

PETERS, R. E., Pte. (1130), attested 21/12/15, released medically unfit 29/10/17, bugler 

MAVELA, M., Pte. (1131), attested 16/12/15, released medically unfit 13/2/16. 

LANDSMAN, F., Pte. (1132), attested 22/12/15, died of malaria and blackwater 19/2/18 

LYNERS, I., Pte. (1133), attested _-/ 12/15, demobilised 28/4/19 

DUNN, S. W. (D.C.M.), Pte. (1134), attested 23/12/15. Sgt. 23/12/15, reverted to Pte. 17/9/16, Cpl. 26/12/16, 
Sgt 11/2/17. reverted to Pte. at own request 8/12/17, discharged 19/4/18. 

BERRY J. G., Col. Sgt. (1135), attested 23/12715, Cpl. 23/12/15, O.R. Sgt. 26/7/16, Col. Sgt. 27/7/18, 
demobilised 3/12/19, awarded Italian bronze medal. 

HEMMING, I. A., I'te. (1136), attested 23/12/15, demobilised 7/9/19. 

HOSACK, J C., K.Q.M.S. (1137), attested 29/10/15, R.Q.M.S. 29/10/15, commissioned to ist Cape Corps 
4/12/15, reverted at his own request 14/2/15, commissioned 16/6/16, killed in action 20/7/16, 
European prrsonm -1. 

CLOKE, R. A., R.Q.M.S. (1138), attested 4/12/15, a/C.Q.M.S. 4/12/15, C.Q.M.S. 9/1/16, C.S.M. 17/4/16, 
R.Q.M.S. 19/6/16, commissioned to ist Cape Corps 30/6/16, European personnel. 

ADAMS, T. C., Sgt. (1139), attested 29/11/15, Sgt. Cook officers' died of septicancinia 8/7/16, European 

BAM, J. J., Pay Set. (1140), attested 26/12/15, discharged 19/3/17, European personnel. 

FORSYTHE, G., R.S.M. (1141), attested 13/12/15, R.S.M. 1/1/16, transferred 26/10/17, European personnel 

GOLIATH, M., I'te. (1142), attested 2/1/16, demobilised 8/10/19. 

REAGON, A. J., C.Q.M.S. (1143), attested 4/1/16, Cpl. 29/12/16, a/C.Q.M.S. 8/10/17, C.Q.M.S. 23/3/18, 

demobilised 18/10/19, mentioned in despatches, Egypt. 
CAIRNS, F. J. (M.M.), Staff Sgt. (1144), attested 4/1/16, L./Cpl. 4/10/16, Sgt. 29/12/16, Staff Sgt. 15/3/18, 

demobilised 10/10/19, Medical Staff Sgt. 

VAX 7,YL, F., Pte. (1145), attested 4/1/16, demobilised 10/10/19. 
JACOBS, D. M., L./Cpl. (1146), attested 4/1/16, L./Cpl. 1/11/18, demobilised 7/10/10, qualified first-class 

KRIEL, C J., Cpl., (1147), attested 4/1/16, L./Cpl. 4/1/16, Sgt. 17/9/16, reverted to Cpl. 26/3/18, 

(It-mobilised 7/10/19, medical section. 
STEMMERS, F., L./Cpl. (1148), attested 4/1/16, L./Cpl. 1/9/18, demobilised 7/10/19, qualified Lewis 


ROBERTS, R., Pte. (1149), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 22/7/19. 
ADRIAANSE, P. J., Sgt. (1150), attested 5/1/16, Sgt. 20/1/16, demobilised 1/1/19. 
THOMPSON, 1C. G., Pte. (1151), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 15/8/17. 
SMIT, J., Pie. (1152), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
GOODMAN, A., Pte. (1153), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 
SCHOLT7., J., Pte. (1154)', attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 10/5/18 
GOLIATH, A., Pte. (1155), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
JOHNSON, I,., Pte.' (1156), attested 5/1/16, died of influenza 14/10/18 
DE WET, A., Pte. (1157), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 
GIBSON, J., L./Cpl. (1158), attested 5/1/16, L./Cpl. 23/8/18, a/Cpl. 24/8/18, reverted to L./Cpl. 12/12/18, 

demobilised 8/9/19, qualified machine gunner. 

ADAMS, P., Pte. (1159), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 13/3/19- 
JORDAN, J. Pte. (1160), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 2/1/19. 

ABRAHAMS. J., a/L./Cpl. (1161), attested 5/1/16, a/L./Cpl. 1/3/19, .demobilised 8'io/ig. 
STEPHENSON, J., Pte. (1162), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 16/11/17. 
SPILANDER, A. J., Pte. (1163), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17, bugler. 
HOYKS, J., Pte. (1164), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
STABLER, W.,Pte. (1165), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
HERMANUS, R., Pte. (1166), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 17/1/16. 
HERMANNS, I., Pte. (1167), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 17/1/17 
FOWLER, W., Pte. (1168), attested 5/1/16, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 

RI'RY, T., Pte. (1169), 'attested 5/1/16, rejected, under age, 8/1/16. 

BREDFNKAMP, J., Cpl. (1170), attested 5/1/16, Cpl. 11/12/16, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
MATTHEWS, J. Pie. (1171), attested 5/I/IO. released medically unfit 14/4/18. 
McLEAN, D., Pte. (1172), attested 5/1/16, died of malaria 14/6/16. 
CYSTER, A., Pte (1173), attested 5/1/16, demobilised 8/9/19. 

.I.ASSFN, p., pte. (1174), nttesled 5/1/16, demobilised 30/12/18. 

LOSSLANDS, I.., Pte. (1175), attested 5/1/16, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
WILLIAMS, E. J., L./Cpl. (1176), attested 6/1/16, L./Cpl. 10/2/16, released medically unfit 29/6/17. 



CAKOLt'N 1', 1'te. 1117;), attested n i H', demobilised 31/12/19. 

I-'LANDl'KS, C, 1'tc. 1117X1, attested 6/1/16, lelcascd medically unfit 28/7 id. 

LE 1IRUIN, K., 1'te. (M.M.), 11179), attested 6/i/i(>, demobilised 8/9/10, citjalificd machine gunner. 

VISACIU, J , 1'U luvo, attested o/i;i6, release*! medically unlit 4/2/16. 

(,<>MHAl;D, J-, 1'te. (1181), attested i, i/jn, demobilised 7/13/19, Lewis t'unncr 

I'AKKS, j, 1'te. (1183), atte-ted *< i i", demobilised 11/7/19. 

III-.S.S, I,, 1'te. inSi), attested n 1 H', rch asl medically unfit 7/6/lS 

GERT/EN, M , Pte. (1184), attested <. , 'i / 16, demobilised 16/7/19. 

TITUS, J., Pte. (1185), attested 6/1/16, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 

AliI.ES, J., Pte. (iiSo), attested ;/ 1 ; i6,demobilised 10/8/19. 

WUI.MAKANS, W., Pte. (1187), attested 7/1/16, de-mobilised 11/7/19, passed trench warfare and trench 

mortar course. 

SEBASTIAN, s., Cpl. UiS8), attested 7/1/16, L./Cpl. 24/6/17, Cpl. i8/6/i8, demobilised 24/10/19. 
THOMAS, J., Pte. (1189), not attested. 

ROBERTS, P., Pte. (1190), attested 7/1/16, L./Cpl. 15/10/17, reverted to 1'te. 20/9/18, demobilised 6/1/19. 
ARE.N'DS, P., 1'te. (1191), attested 7/1/16, released medically unfit 12/10/17. 
DAVIS, J , 1'u UI9-'), attested 7/1/16, released medically unfit 23/2/16. 
M'Tl'ON, F., I'tc. (1193), attested 7/1/16, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 

ADRIAAN;SE, A., Pte. (1194), attested 7/1/16, Sgt. 20/1/16, reverted to Pte. i.'.S'iS, demobilised 20/1/19. 
HAKICO-MBE, R. D., Pte. 11195), attested 7/1/16, released medically unfit 11/5/17. 
ABRAHAMS, A., Pte. (1196), attested 7/1/16, demobilised 38/10/19. 
TRANTRALL, W., Pte. (1197), attested 7/1/16, killed by mine explosion 21/1/17. 
RAFFERTY, J., Pte. (1198), attested 7/1/16, released medically unfit 12/11/17. 
SMITH, H., Pte. (1199), attested 7/1/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 
MARTIN, M., 1'tc. (1200), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 15/8/17. 
KUIIN, S., Pte. (1201), attested 10/1/16, <li mobilised 7/10/19. 

McLACIILAN, A., Pte. (1202), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 
DE YOUNG, G., Pte. (1203), attested 10/1/16, died of malaria 11/7/16. 
SMIT, J., Sgt. (1204), attested 10/1/16, Cpl. 11/12/16, Sgt. 1/4/18, demobilised 7/10/19, ist class machine 


PHILANDER, J., Pte. (1205), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 28/7/16. 
ECKSTEIN, W., Pte. (1206), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 23/8/17. 
GEORGE, M., Pte. (1207), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
APPOLIS, F. S., Pte. (1208), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 18/12/18. 
EDWARDS, J., Pte (1209), attested 10/1/16, released medically unlit 18/9/18. 
JANUARY, J., Pte. (1210), attested 10/1/16, demobilised 28/10/19 
PRESTON, G. H., L./Cpl. (1211), attested 10/1/16, L./Cpl. 25/4/19, demobilised 21/7/19, passed advanced 

army cookery. 

PARIS, M., Pte. (1212), attested 10/1/16, demobilised 10/10/19 
DE VREE, F., Pte. (1213), attested 10/1/16, died of dysentery 7/11/16. 
FISHER, J., Pte. (1214), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
CARELSE, L, Pte. (I2is), attested 10/1/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 
HENDRICKS, K., Pte. (1216), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 25/2/18. 
FELIX, A., Pte. (I2I7 1 , attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 5/3/18. 
RYAN, P., Pte. (1218), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 23/8/17. 
WILLIAMS, P., Pte. (1219), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 7/3 '17. 
ADAMS, J., a/ Cpl. (1220), attested 10/1/16, a/Cpl. 25/10/17, demobilised 21/7/19, passed physical and 

bnyonet training course. 

WILLIAMS, W., Pte. (1221), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 24/7/17. 
FISHER, P., Pte. (1222), attested 11/1/16, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 
WALLY, G., Pte. (1223), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 26/9/19, Lewis gunner. 
CUPIDO, M., Pte. (1224), attested 11/1/16, Cpl. 1/1/17, reverted to Pte. 11/1/17, released medically unfit 


THOMAS, A., Pte. (1225). attested 11/1/16, still serving. 

VAN DER POEL, D., Pte. 1226), attested 11/1/16, released medically unfit 27/7/17. 
I.ANf'.EVELDT, C. P., Pte. (1227), attested n'i/i6, demobilised 7/10/19. 
ARENDSE, W., Pte. (1228), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 16/7/19. 
VELDSMAN, R., Pte. (1229), attested 11/1/16, released medically unfit 13/8/17. 
WILLIAMS, J. J., Pte. (1230), attested 11/1/16, released medically unfit 13/9/17. 
SAMUELS, J., Pte. (1231), attested 11/1/16, rejected ii/i/i6. 
LAWRENCE, I., Pte'. (1232), attested 11/1/16, S.N.I..R. 6/12/17. 
GEBERS, F., Pte. (1233), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 16/7/19. 
NEETHLING, J., Pte. (1234), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 28/10/19. 
KLASSEN, J., Pte. (1235), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 16/7/19. 
OPPEL, F., Pte. (1236), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 22/7/19. 
SASS, M., Pte. (1237), attested 11/1/16, released medically unfit 11/3/16. 
BLOWS, J., Pte. (1238), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 25/12/18. 
DU TOIT, G. P., Pte. (1239), attested 11/1/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 
HERMAN, J., Pte. (1240), attested 12/1/16, released medically unfit 15/8/17. 
FREDERICKS, R., Pte. (1241), attested 12/1/16, died of malaria 31/12/17. 

BEACH, J., Pte. (1242), attested 12/1/16, Cpl. 1/7/16, reverted to Pte. 4/12/18, demobilised 28/4/19. 
PETERSEN, J., Pte. (1243), attested 12/1/16, demobilised 8/11/19. 
THKYS, G., Pte. (1244), attested 12/1/16, released medically unfit 27/4/18. 
BF.ERWINKLE, S., Pte. (1245), attested 12/1/16, died of cerebral malaria 4/9/17. 
REID, J., Pte. (1246), attested 12/1/16, a/Cpl. 29/7/17, reverted to Pte. 15/3/18, demobilised 6/2/19. 
PETERSEN, W., Pte. (1247), attested 12/1/16, S.N.L.R. 20/6/17. 
TRUTER, W. J., Cpl. (1248), attested 12/1/16, Cpl. 25/2/16, a/Sgt. 5/7/18, Cpl. 10/9/18, demobilised 


WARD, P., Pte. (1249), attested 12/1/16. demobilised 7/9/19, pioneer, transport driver. 
QUICKFALL, C V., a/L./Cpl. (1250), attested 12/1/16, a/L./Cpl. 19/^0/18, reverted to Pte. 30/3/19, 

a/L./Cpl. 7/4/19, demobilised 7/10/19. 

SPIF.LMAN, B., Pte. (1251), attested 12/1/16, died of malaria 13/5/16. 
DREYER, A., Pte. (1252), attested 12/1/16, released medically unfit 4/2/iS. 
WILKINSON, D. A., Sgt. (1253), attested 13/1/16, Cpl. 1/2/16, Sgt. 1/5/16, a/C.S.M. 24/9/18, Sgt. 27/10/18, 

demobilised 7/10/19, passed general N.C.O.'s and musketry courses. 
CUPIDO, L., Cpl. (1254), attested 13/1/16, Cpl. 18/12/16, demobilised 23/8/19. 
BLOWS, A., Pte. (1255), attested 13/1/16, demobilised 16/7/19, drum and fife band. 
SNYERS, F., Pte. (1256), attested 13/1/16, released medically unfit 24/0^,17. 
ADAMS, C., Pte. (1257), attested 13/1/16, released medically unfit 22/4/18. 
PRINCE, S., Pte. (1258), attested 13/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19, Lewis gunner. 
JOOSTE, L, Pte. (1359), attested 14/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 



WATNEY, J., Pte. (1260), attested 14/1/16, released medically unfit 31/8/17. 

BOWERS, H., Pte. (1261), attested 14/1/10, died of phthisis 22/7/16. 

ABRAHAMS, J., Pte. (1262), attested 14/1/16, released medically unfit 14/3/17. 

JONES, H., Pte. (1263), attested 14/1/16, demobilised 31/12/18. 

DENNIS, C., Pte. (1264), attested 14/1/16, released medically unfit 24/9/17. 

ISAACS, J., Pte. (1265), attested 14/1/16, released medically unfit 24/9/17. 

ABRAHAMS, A., Pte. (1266), attested 14/1/10, demobilised 8/9/19. 

FLUSK, P., Pte. (1267), attested 14/1/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 

GROEP, M., Pte. (1268), attested 14/1/16, died of malaria 26/5/16. 

ABRAHAMS, J., Pte. (1269), attested 14/1/16, released medically unfit 24/3/16. 

VAN ROOYEN, J., Pte. (1270), attested 14/1/16, Sgt. 28/10/16, reverted to Pte. 10/11/18, demobilised 

7/9/19, did duty as Annourer Sgt. (East Africa 1 . 

SALES, G., Pte. (1271), attested 15/1/16, released medically unfit 17/1/16. 
DRURY, F., Pte. (1272), attested 15/1/16, killed in action 8/11/17, mentioned in despatches East Africa, 


ARENDSE, A., Pte. (1273), attested 15/1/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
HARRISON, J., Pte. (1274), attested 15/1/16, S.N.L.R. 17/12/17. 
HART, J., C.Q.M.S. d.'75), attested 15/1/16, C.Q.M.S. 15/1/16, transferred to S.A Pay Corps 25/9/16, 

European personnel. 

HACKETT, G. W., Pte. (1276), attested 15/1/16, demob'lised 3/8/19. 
JACOBS, A. li., Pte. (1277), attested 15/1/16, released medically unfit 17/3/16. 
SIBLEY, R., Pte. (1278), attested 15/1/16, released medically unfit 8/3/16. 
LANGEVELDT, J., Pte. (1279), attested 15/1/16, released medically unfit 11/8/17. 
VAN SCHOOR, B. A., Pte. (1280), attested 1^/1/16, released medically unfit 30/9/16. 
HAYES, T., Pte. (1281), attested 15/1/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 
MARTIN, H., Sig. Sgt. (1282), attested 10/1/16, Sig. Sgt. 10/1/16, released medically unfit 16/7/17, extra 

proficiency pay of 2/- per day. European personnel. 

ALEXANDER, P., Pte. (1283), attested 16/1/16, demobilised 16/7/19, medical orderly. 
A!. i:\AMlKR, T., Pte. (1284), attested 16/1/16, demobilised 14/10/19. 
ANTONIE, C., Pte. (1285), attested 16/1/16, released medically unfit 19/1/16. 
ANTONIE, J., Pte. (1286), attested 16/1/16, rejected 16/1/16 
LIVERS, A., I'te. (1287), attested 16/1/16, released medically unfit 16/8/17. 
CUl'lno, J., Pte. (1288), ailrsU-d 16/1/16, released medically unfit 19/1/16. 
LEWIS, W., Pte. (1289), attested 16/1/16, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 
NOBLE, J., Pte. (1290), attested 16/1/16, S.N.L.R. 16/2/18. 

VAN JAAREVELDT, J., I'te. (uyi), attested 16/1/16, released medically unfit 4/3/16. 
JACOBUS, A., Pte. (1292), attested 16/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
WHITE, J. (1293), attested 10/1/16, released medically unfit 1/9/17. 
NORTON. W., Pte. (1294), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 30/11/17. 
JACOBS, D., Pte. (1295), attested 17/1/16, killed in action 20/9/18. 
ERNS, N., Pte. (1206), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 27/4/17. 
AUGUST, J-, Pte. (1297), attested 17/1/16, discharged medically unfit 6/11/17. 
PETEKSKN, G. (1298), attested 17/1/16, discharged on compassionate grounds 5/11/18. 
ABRAHAMS, C,., I'te. (1299), attested 17/1/16, L./Cpl. 7/10/18, reverted to Pie. 28/1/19, demobilised 


ANTHONY, J. Pte. (1300), attested 17/1/16, died of malaria 25/5/16. 
MAPOMIE, R., Pte. (1301), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 16/7/19. 
ANTHONY, H., Pte. (1302), attested 17/1/10, demobilised 7/10/19. 
ARMSTRONG, J., Cpl. (1303), attested 17/1/16, Cpl. 1/4/18, demobilised 30/10/19, ist class machine 

gunner, Orderly Room Clerk M.G. Coy. 

SMITH, H.. Pte. (1304), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 
LAMB, D. W., Pie. (1305) attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 3/2/17. 
KEKSPAY, A., a/L./Cpl. (1306), attested 17/1/16, a/L./Cpl. 19/10/18, demobilised 7/9/19. 
ADAMS, P., Pte. (1307), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 9/8/17. 
KIEVIDO, D., Pte. (1308), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 18/11/19. 
RYAN, T., Pte. (1309), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 31/8/17. 
PETERSEN, J. H., Pte. (1310), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 30/12/18. 
HOVEN, M. S., Pte. (1311), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 3/2/16. 
AUGUSTUS, J., Pte. (1312), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19, Qualified signaller. 
BLOEM, J., Pte. (1313), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 
JAFTHA, A., Pte. (1314), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 12/11/17. 
BROWN, T., a/Cpl. (1315), attested 17/1/16, a/Cpl. i/-,/i9, demobilised 7/10/19. 
CROSBY, W., Pte. (1316), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
JACOBUS, W. Pte. (1317), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 23/8/17. 
VALENTINE, H., Pte. (1318), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 13/12/18. 
GROENEWALD, C., Pte. (1319), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 6/7/17. 
JAFTHA, J., Pte. (1320), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 19/4/18. 
CAMPBELL, J., Pte. (1321), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 23/2/16. 
JANSEN, J. F., Pte. (1322), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 6/6/18. 
SCHOLTZ, C., Pte. (1323), attested 17/1/16, S.N.L.R. 31/1/16. 
THOMAS, P., Sgt. (1324), attested 17/1/16, Sgt. 22/1/18, demobilised 21/10/19, passed general N.C.O.'s 


VITALINGUM, J., Pte. (1325), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 7/2/16. 
TROMPETER, W., Pte. (1326), attested 17/1/16, released medically unfit 24/12/17. 
MATHYSE, C., Pte. (1327), attested 17/1/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 

SEPTEMBER, P., L./Cpl. (1.528), attested 17/1/16, L./Cpl. i/io/iS, demobilised 7/9/19. 
SCIIOLTZ, M. C., a/Sgt. (7329), attested 18/1/16, a/Sgt. 1/2/17, demobilised 5/1/19. 
ROBERTS, E., Pte. (1330), attested 18/1/16, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
BENEFELDT, J., Pte. (1331), attested 18/1/16, released medically unfit 11/8/17. 
BLOSSOPLES, H., a/Cpl. (1332), attested 18/1/16, a/Cpl. 1/7/17, Pte- 22/3/18, a/Cpl. 7/7/18, Pte. 30/7/18, 

a/Cpl. 31/1/10, demobilised 21/3/19, Pioneer Corn?. 
ABRAHAMS, A., Pte. (1333), attested 18/1/16, demobilised 8/9/19. 
ERASMUS, F., Pte. (1334), attested 19/1/16, released medically unfit 9/3/16. 
PRINS, W., Pte. (1335), attested 19/1/16, died of pneumonia 25/1/17. 
LUCKAS, D., Pte. (1336), attested 19/1/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 
POWELL, E. J., Pte. (1337), attested 19/1/16, released medically unfit 13/8/17. 

GREENHEAD, J., Staff Sgt. (1338), attested 19/1/16, transferred to K.A. Rifles 21/7/16, European personnel 
LAURIE, G. C., Stnff-Sst. (1339), attested 19/1/16, discharged 6/2/16, European personnel. 
OGILVIE, D. R., Staff-Sgt. (1340), attested 19/1/16, discharged 31/12/17, European personnel. 
MICHAELS, A., Pte. (1341), attested 19/1/16, released medically unfit 24/2/16. 


^i^^i l ^ A ^^'^SB^ 

=e-p_,, S,,,.C 


1^ SS&tt^f~3Stf3** < arti - ' st class wo - demoljlhsed 

z^^ttfWZ&^fs^ 1 * 1 * 
fe S.&H'/isssMS't-. ,/<,/<, 

KmUll.' P ," Pte. ' to!).' attested :, / - / .6 toW.jed^ ,9. ^^.^ 

McKlXNON, P. H., Pte. (1356), attested 22/1 ,.<>, d< r ; dcm obilitd 7/10/19, did duties as Cook Sgt. 

S$; f:: ^' l^-^.^%^^l^^SBW w Transport Sgt. in East 

-^ fri .I 1 " 11 ? Kt , Cc r? t p 'S.SfSftMtted^j/r/iSr released medically unfit 24/9/17. 
^lErasfff^U^r^est^ 1 ^;^ .."/Cpl. / a /.6. reverted to Pte. 28/5/17. released medically 

) attested nil lib, released medically unfit 27/i/'&; 

(1161), attested 22/1/16, re leaseel medically unfit 3/9/17, -G. bgt. 

PEPPER?" P " .V" 8 ^^. B ^ed n 6/J/Treturned to U.D.F. R //4 Armourer S s t., European 

jessed' musketry course. ,3/1/16, transferred to U.D.F. 28/7/17, European personnel. 

:HARi)SON, C, staff' SEt M (,365" attested 28/1 /,',, transferred to U.D.F. 28/7/17, European personnel. 

S W Pte (1572), attestation cancelled. 

East Africa 

nu _ ^.,^ r - >-,-.. - - 

Kl':NsilV"'l<(',, P., Vte. r (i379)', attested 2/2/16, released medically unfit 23/12/17. 

WILLIAMS, A . Pte. (1180), attested 15/2/16, released medically unfit 12/10/17. 

SANTOS, A., Pte. (1381)", attested 4/3/16, S.N.I. R. is/";/ 17. 

Itn.I,, C., Pte. (1582), attested is/2/i6, demobilised 7/10/19. 

K1TN, D., a Sgt (1383), attested 15/2/16, Cpl. 5/7/18, I. ./Set. i/ii/iS, a/Sgt. 10/5/19, demobilised 


SYl'T'ERS, A., Pte. (1384), attested 7/2/16, demobilised 8 

WAl'.NHR, J. H, Pte. (1385), attested 15/2/16, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
OCTOHKK, A, Pte. (1386), attested 4/3/16, demobilised id 7/19- 
HXII.HV, !>., Pte. (1387), attested 16/2/16, demobilised 1/1/19. 
lnU'iriX, A, Pte. (1388), attested 16/2/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 
I'ORTl'IX, I, Pte. (1389), attested 16/2/16, died of Influenza 9'io/i8.'T, J., Pte. (1390), attested 16/2/16, released medically unfit 24/9/17 
BOSCH, J, I'te nviil, attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 16/8/17. 
CI'l'IDO, A, Pte. (1392), attested 16/3/16, demobilised 2/1/19. 
TRrTliR, 1 . Pte. (IS9J), attesled 16/2/16, demobilised 8/5/19. 
CAROI.I.1SSEN, J., Pte. (1394), attested 16/2/16, demobilised 8/9/19. 
VAN AARDT, J., Pte. (1395), attested 16/2/16, accidentally killed 20/8/17. 
ROfX, S., Pte. (1196), attested 16/2/16, demobilised 8/9/19 
sClloI.TX. J. O., Pte. dw), attested 4/3/16, demobilised 5/1/19 
ADAMS, r, PIC. (1198), attested 4/3/16, died of malaria 18/10/16. 
SCIIOI.T7., C, Pte. '(1399), attested 4/3/16, demobilised 8/9/19. 
HIHHXKR. J., Pte di'.nl, attested 16/2/16, released medically unfit 14/8/17 
CUPIDO, D, Pte. 11401), attested i6'2/i6, ilemobilisrd 10/7/19. 
JOHANNlvS, 1), Pte. (1402), attested 16/2/16, icleased medically unfit 27/4/17. 

i KSSIS, J., Pte. (1403), attested 16/2/16, released medically unfit 15/6/18. 
lioscil, A, Pie. 11404), attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 16/8/17. 
7IKKS, 1C., I'te. 1140;), attested 16/2/16, released medically unfit 28/11/17. 
Jiri.I.KTT, II , I'te (1406), attested 16/2/16, released medically unfit 13/9/17. 
s'l KM MET, }., Pte. (1407), attested 16/2/16, demobilised 1^/1/19. 
GE/-WIXD, P., Pie. (1408), attested 21/2/16, demobilised 15/1 '10. 

WYXC.AARD, II., I'te. (1409), attested JI/J/K., demobilised 7/n/iQ, qualified signaller. 
.FORTl'ix, P, Pte. (1410), attested 4/3/10, demobilised ^,'9/19. 
CrPIDO, M., Pte. (1411), attested 24/2/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
ADRIAAXSK, 1>, Pte (1412), attesteil 2i'2'i6, died of meningitis 3/9/18. 
PEREGRINO, T. J., Pte. (1413), attested 24/2/16, released medically unlit 3/10/17. 

TIMMINR, \V., Cpl. (1414), attested 24/2/16, Cpl. 26/3/19, demobilised 11/7/19,, qualified machine gunner 
HENDRICKS, p. J., Pte. 1141^;), attested 23/2/16, demobilised 10/4/19, qualified machine gunner 
MATTHEWS, J., Pte. (1.116), attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 30/7/18. 
JOSIU'HS, J, Pte. (1417), attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
SWARTZ, I.. W., Pte. (1418), attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 11/9/17. 
POr.OEXPOEI., P., Pte. (1419), attested 24/2/16, demobilised 7/10/19 

3 66 


PLAATJES, W., Pte. (1420), attested 24/2/16, released medically unfit 3/5/16. 

HOVEN M Pte. (1421), attested 24/2/16, released medically unfit 11/8/16. 

CAMBELL, J., L./Cpl. (1422, attested 24/2/16, L./Cpl. 5/7/1!*, a/Cpl. 1/3/19, L./Cpl. 7/4/19, demobilised 

ZIBRVOGEL, D., Pte. (1423), attested 23/2/16, demobilised 11/7/19, qualified machine gunner 

FRAN/., J, Pte. (1424). attested 24/2/16, released medically unfit 8/8/17 

MILLER, B., Pte. (1425), attested 24/2/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 

GRIFFINS, R., Pte. (1426), attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 31/8/17. 

SOLOMON, M., Pte. (1427), attested 4/3/16, demobilised 16/7/19. 

CORDOM, A., Pte. (1428), attested 21/2/16, released medically unfit 29/5/18. 

KII.EY, I). !'., Pte. (1429), attested 4/3/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 

QUIMPO, M, Pte. (1430), attested 29/2/16, demobilised 6/1/19. 

PLAATJES, W., Pte. (1431), attested 26/2/16, demobilised 7/9/19, ist class machine gunner 

PETERS, R, Cpl. (1432), attested 28/2/16, Cpl. 1/10/18, demobilised 26/12/18. 

MATTHEWS, T., Cpl. (1433), attested 28/2/16, Cpl. 21/9/18, demobilised 7/10/19. 

PETERSEN, J. W., Pte. (1434), attested 28/2/16, demobilised 24/1/19. 

ABRAHAMS, W., Pte. (1435), attested 28/2/16, released medically unfit 25/1/18. 

ROODT, I.. P., Pte. (1436)^ attested 4/3/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 

JACOBS, A., Pte. (1437), attested 4/3/16, released medically unfit 30/11/17. 

AKEHURST, R., Staff Sgt. (1438), attested 4/3/16, acted as R.S.M. December 14/26, 1916, discharged 

26/10/17, European personnel. 
CRAIGEN, W., C.S.M. (1439), attested 26/2/16, Sgt. 26/2/16, C.S.M. 25/5/16, to 2nd Cape Corps 18/4/17, 

European personnel. , 

OVIES, C., Pte. (1440), attested 26/2/16, died of heart failure 6/12/16. 
LAVIN, H., Pte. (1441), attested 2/3/16, released medically unfit 28/4/16. 
HARTRICK, W., Pte. (1442), attested 26/2/16, discharged 13/7/16. 
WILK.ES, J., R.Q.M.S. (1443), attested 26/2/16, Sgt. 26/2/16, R.Q.M.S. 30/6/16, released medically unfit 

6/3/17, European personnel. 

DRAYCOTT (1444), attested 2/3/16, released medically unfit 28/4/16, European personnel. 
FORTVIN, D. P., Pte. (1445), attested 27/2/16, released medically unfit 7/11/17. 
FERGUSON, J., Pte. (1446), attested 27/2/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 
RHODES, W., Pte. (1447), attested 27/2/16, S.N.L.R. 19/10/18. 
DAVIDS, A., Pte. (1448), attested 27/2/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
VAN DER MUELEN, Pte. (1449), attested 10/3/16, died of dysentery 18/7/17 
HEEGERS, P., Pte. (1450), attested 14/3/16, S.N.L.R. 23/9/17. 
DE JAAR, J., Pte. (1451), attested 14/3/16, demobilised 15/1/19. 

BILL, H., Pte. (1452), attested 14/3/16, L./Cpl. 12/11/17, reverted to Pte. 13/7/18, demobilised 21/7/19 
DE BRUYNS, J., Pte. (14=13), attested 14/3/16, demobilised 1/1/19 
VAN REENEN, R., Pte. (1454), attested 28/2/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
SOLOMON, J., Pte. (1455), attested 15/3/16, released medically unfit 12/4/16. 
WILLIAMS, G., Pte. (1456), attested 29/2/16, died of wounds 23/9/18. 
WII.I.IS, A., Pte. (1457), attested 15/3/16, released medically unfit 20/11/17. 
SMITH, H. W., Pte. (1458), attested 15/3/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
BROWN, s., I'te. (1459), attested 15/3/16, died of malaria 9/8/16. 
WILLIAMS, S. J., Pte. (1460), attested 15/3/16, released medically unfit 20/6/16. 
ISAACS, J. J., Pte. (1461), attested 1^/3/16, demobilised 20/10/19. 
JULIES, D., Pte. (1462!, attested 13/3/16, rejected 13/3/16. 
DEERI.ING, D. W., Pte. (1463), attested 13/3/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 
WICOMBE, A., Pte. (1464), attested 13/3/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 
DAMON, H. P. (D.C.M.), Sfrt. (1465), attested 16/3/16, Sift. 1/5/16, demobilised 18/10/19, Transport Sgt. 

from 23/11/18, passed physical and bayonet courses. 
SAMUELS, R., Pte. (1466), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 11/7/19, passed trench warfare and bombing 

courses, excellent 

JACOBS, J., Pte. (1467), attested 20/3/16, released medically unfit 25/8/17. 
HENDRICKS, N., Pte. (1468), attested 17/3/16, demobilised 11/7/19. 
MULLER, H. W., Pte. (1469), attested 20/3/16, Cpl. i/5'i6, reverted to Pte. 7/10/17, released medically 

unfit 16/12/18. 

WAGERSTROOM, G., Pte. (1470), attested 22/3/16, released medically unfit 9/8/17. 
WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (1471), attested 17/3/16, demobilised 8/10/19, Lewis gunner. 
YON, J. H., Set. (1472), attested 15/3/16, Cpl. 1/5/16. reverted to Pte. 27/7/16, Cpl. 18/12/16, Sgt. 30/6/17, 

demobilised 7/9/19. 

JACOBS, A., Pte. (1473), attested 21/3/16, S.N.L.R. 1/1/18 

KENNEDY, C., Pte. (1474), attested 16/3/16, released medically unfit 18/8/17. 
ARENDSE, D. M., Pte. (1475), attested 17/3/16, released medically unfit 20/7/17. 
DAVIDSON, W., Pte. (1476), attested 16/3/16, S.N.L.R. 3/0/17. 
ANDREWS, P., Pte. (1477), attJSted 16/3/16, released medically unfit 26/2/17. 
HENDRICKS, A., Pte. (1478), attested 19/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19 
COBEY, S., Pte. (1479), attested 11/3/16, demobilised 28/8/19. 
REPHNAAR, H., Pte. (1480), attested 10/3/16, released medically unfit 18/8/17. 
GARDINER, I., Pte. (1481), attested 18/3/16, released medically unfit 7/7/16. 
JAGGERS, H., Pte. (1482), attested 20/3/16, demobilised 1/1/19. 
ABRAHAMS, M. J., C.S.M. (1/183), attested 15/3/16, Cpl. 1/6/16, Sgt. 1/10/16, a/C.S.M. 18/11/17, C.S.M. 

9/8/18, demobilised 12/7/19, passed Keneral N.C.O.'s course. 
DE VOS, J., Pte. (1484), attested 20/3/16, released medically unfit 3/9/17. 
FRANKS, P., Pte. (1481), attested 16/3/16, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 
McLURE, L., Cpl. (1486), attested 20/3/16, Cpl. 11/12/16, demobilised 7/9/19- 
HOLLOWAY, H., Pte. (1487), attested 16/3/16, released medically unfit 24/4/16. 
JURGENS, J., Cpl. (1488), attested 15/1/16', Cpl. 1/6/16, released medically unfit 25/5/17 
JAFTHA, A., Pte. (1489), attested 16/3/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17. 
WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (1490), attested 17/3/16, demobilised 12/7/10. 
BOK, C., Pte. (1491), attested 17/3/16, released medically unfit 3/?/i7- 
WATSON, W., Pte. (1492), attested 1^3/16, demobilised 2/1/19. 
DE VOS, D., Pte. (1491), attested 17/3/16, released medically unfit 29/10/17. 
DE CLARK, P., Pte. (1494), attested 16/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 
VAN WYK, M., Pte. (1495), attested 17/3/16, released medically unfit 4/9/17- 
DU PLESSIS, J.. Pte. (1406), attested 17/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 
JACOBS, P., Pte. (1497), attested 17/3/16, demobilised 21/7/10. 
FEATHERS, H., Pte. (1498), attested 16/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19- 
JASSON, J., Pte. (1499), attested 14/3/16, released medically unfit 3/10/17. 
THOMAS, L., Pte. (1500), attested 15/3/16, released medically unfit 25/8/16. 
AUGUST, P., Pte (1501), attested 20/3/16, demobilised 3/1/19. 



RECHTER, P., Pte. (1502), attested 20/3/16, demobilised 21/7/19- 

CUl'IDO, M. J., Ptc. (1503), attested 20/3/16, released medically unfit 20/11,17. 

LE KAKI', J., Pte. (1504), attested 20/3/16, Released medically unnt lo/j/ib. 

PHILANDER, M., Pte. (1505), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 10/7/19. 

EVERSON, K., Pte. (1506), attested 20/3/16, released medically untit 14/9/16. 

BEU,, J , Pte. (1507), attested 20/3/16, released medically uuiit 14/4/16. 

ADAMS, T., Pte. (1508), attested 21/3/16, released medically uiitit 27/7/17. 

VERLANDER, T., Pte. (1509), attested 20/5/10, released medically unfit 13/9/1"- 

ENGLE, T., Pte. (1510), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 

HARTZENBERG, T., Pte. (1511), attested 20/3/16, demobilised 26/12/18. 

GOODWIN W Pte. (1512), attested 6/3/16, released medically unfit 21/12,17. 

DANIELS M, Pte. (1513), attested 6/3/16, released medically unfit 24/9/17 

STUURMAN, R., Pte. (1514), attested 20/3/16, died of wounds 9/11/17. 

HAHN, \V. D., Pte. (1515!, attested 20/3/16, released medically unnt 29/10/17. 

AFRICANDER, 3, Pte. (1516), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 21,7/19. 

AREN.DS, A., Pte. (1517), attested 21/3/16, demobilised S/9/iQ. 

PETERS F., Pte. (1518), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 11/9/19. 

BOOYSEN, J., L./Cpl. (1519), attested 20/3/16, L./Cpl. 1/11/18, demobilised 7/9/19 

FISHER, J., Pte. (1520), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 31/5/16. 

PETERSEN, S., Pte. (1521), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 

SCORPIAN, J., Pte. (1522), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 1/1/19. 

MITCHELL, C., Pte. (1523), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 26/0/16. 

ANTHONIE, F., Pte. (1524), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 24/1/19. 

CLEMMENTS, H., Pte. (1525), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 

MIDDLETON, W., Pte. (1526), attested 21/3/16, released medically unlit 18/4/16. 

VAN ROOI, H., Pte. (1527), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19. 

BURTS, G., Cpl. (1528), attested 21/3/16, L./Cpl. 24/6/17, Cpl. 1/8/17, released medically unfit 12,12 i3 

BAIN, J., Pte. (1529), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 20/5/17. 

GREY, J., Pte. (1530), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 

PICK, P., Pte. (1531), attested 21/3/16, S.N.L.R. 22/5/17. 

AKERS, P., Ptc. (1532), attested 21/3/16, released medically untit 27/7/17. 

JOOSTE, F., Pte. (1533), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 16/7/19, pioneer carpenter. 

ALLEN, E., Pte. (1534), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 24/5/16. 

FEDER, W. H., Pte. (i515)> attested 21/3/16, killed in action 6/11/17. 

WILLIAMS, J., Pte. (1536), attested 21/3/16, S.N.L.R. 1/1/18. 

JOHNSON, E., Pte. (1537), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 29/6/17. 

ANDERSON, J., Pte. (1538), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 21/7/19. 

PETERSEN, P. J., Pte. (1539), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 20/11/16. 

JACOBS, H., Pte. (1540), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 20/11/16. 

HATTINGH, A., Pte. (1541), attested 21/3/16, demobilised 7/9/19- 

BOOYSEN, A., Pte. (1542), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 3/9/17 

DOLPH, H., Pte. (154,), attested 21/3/16, S.N.L.R. 18/7/17. 

VAN NIFKERK, T., Pte. (1544), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 6/11/17 

MORRISON, S. H., Pte. (1545), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 18/11/18. 

VAN DER WESTHUISEN, H., Pte. (1546), attested 11/3/16, released medically unfit 2. '6/17. 

LOUW, B, Pte. (1547), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 18/5/16. 

HENDRICKS, W., Pte. (1548), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 26/1/17 

HENDRICKS, J., Pte. (1549), attested 21/3/16, S.N.L.R. 8/4/18. 

WELTS, S., Pte. (1550), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 28/9/16. 

LENDERS, J., Pte. (1551), attested 21/3/16, released medically unfit 9/11/17. 

HEYNS, J., Pte. (1552), attested 30/3/16, released medically unfit 20/5/16. 

BALL, W, Pte. (1553), attested 31/3/16, rejected 31/3/16. 

PETERS. N., Pte. (1554), attested 31/3/16, released medically unfit 7/11/17 

NOVEMBER, P., Pte. (1555), attested 3/4/16, demobilised 11/7/19, qualified Lewis gunner. 

WHEATLY, J. J., Pte. (1556), attested 4/4/16, released medically unfit 7/11/17. 

WILLIAMS, A., Sgt. (1557), attested 10/4/16, Cpl. 1/8/16, Sgt. 24/6/17, demobilised ?'i i^ 

HANS, J., Pte. (1558), attested 10/4/16, released medically unfit 6/7/17. 

ENGLEBRECHT, A., Pte. 11559), attested 10/4/16, demobilised 7/10/19. 

BOTHA, P., Pte. (1560), attested 12/4/16, d